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r 



••^^v 



V 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES 



r»F 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 






VOL. II.' 



VOL. 11. a 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES 



OK THE 



COLDSTREAM GUARDS 



BY COLONEL MAC KINNON. 



/ 



IN TWO VOLIMES. 



VOL. 11. 



LONDON: 
RICHARD BENTLEY, 

NEW BURLINGTON STREET. 
MDCCCXXXIII. 



L 



PRINTVD BY A. J. VAI.I'Y, 
liri) MON COURT, FI.EFT STRRfT, LONPON. 



CONTENTS 



OF 



THE SECOND VOLUME. 



CHAPTER I. 

Clinton appointed Commander-in-Chief in America — British era-' 
caate Philadelphia — Battle of Freehold Coart-Hoase — Clinton 
reaches Sandy Hook — Embarks for New York — Guards with other 
troops embark for the Capes of Virginia — ^Land at Glebe — Fort and 
ships destroyed — Stores and prorisions taken from the enemy — Forces 
embark for New York — Guards, joined by troops from Virginia, sal 
up North River — Morgan lands — Clinton disembarks at Stoney Point 
— Fort La Fayette surrenders— Guards embark for Newhayen — Garth 
disembarks — ^Town taken — ^Vessels, artillery, and stores destroyed — 
Army marches through Fairfield — Shipping, stores, and town burnt 
— ^Troops re-embark — Land at Norwalk and Greenfield ; both places 
destroyed — English return to New York — Guards formed part of 
the garrison during the winter — Clinton embarks at Sandy Hook to 
reduce South Carolina — Lord Stirling attempts to take Staten Island 
— Flank companies of the Guards, a few guns, some Hessians, and 
mounted Yagers, march for Young's house — ^Young's house taken — 
Arnold, the American General, carries on a secret correspondence — 
Major Andr6 tried as a spy and hanged — Army crosses the Catawba 
— Guards distinguish themselves — Americans return to North Caro- 
lina — Cornwallis attacks the enemy's lines at Guildford Court- House 
— Americans retreat in good order — British move towards Wilming- 
ton — Cornwallis reaches Petersburg, crosses the Roanoke, Meherrin, 
and Nottaway rivers — ^Army reinforced marches through Hanover 

VOL. II. b 



PRINTKD BY A. J. VAI-PY, 
RF.b LION COURT, FI.EFT STRRFT, LONPON. 



CONTENTS 



or 



THE SECOND VOLUME. 



CHAPTER L 

Clinton appointed Commander-in-Chief in America — ^Britiah eva^ 
cuate Philadelphia ~ Battle of Freehold Coort-Hooae — CliiHoa 
reaches Sandy Hook — Embarks for New York — Gnards witk oAer 
troops embark for the Capes of Virginia — ^Land at Glebe — ^Fort aadi 
ships destroyed — Stores and provisions taken from the enemy — Fonees 
embark for New York — Gnards, joined by troops from Virginia, sni 
np North Riyer — Morgan lands — Clinton disembarks at Stoney Poiat 
— ^Fort La Fayette surrenders— Gnards embark for Newbaren — €rarth 
disembarks — ^Town taken — ^Vessels, artillery, and stores destroyed — 
Army marches through Fairfield — Shipping, stores, and town bnmt 
— ^Troops re-embark — Land at Norwalk and Greenfield ; both place* 
destroyed — English retnm to New York — Gnards formed part of 
the garrison during the winter — Clinton embarks at Sandy Hook to 
reduce South Carolina — Lord Stirling attempts to take Stafen Islasd 
— ^Flank companies of the Gnards, a few guns, some Hessians, and 
mounted Yagers, march for Young's bouse — ^Young's bouse taken — 
Arnold, the American General, carries on a secret correspondence^ 
Major Andre tried as a spy and hanged — Army crosses the Catawba 
— Guards distinguish themselres — Americans return to North Caro- 
lina — Comwallis attacks the cDemjr's lines at Guildford Court- House 
— Americans retreat in good order — British more towards Wilming- 
ton — Comwallis reaches Petersburg, crosses the Roanoke, Meberrin, 
and Nottaway rivers — ^Army reinforced marcbea through Hanorer 
VOL. II. b 



PRINTED BY A. J. VALPY, 
nr.b LION COURT, FI.EFT 8TRFFT, LONPON. 




CONTENTS 



THE SECOND VOLUME. 




CHAPTER I. 
Clinton nppaintrd Commauder-in-Cbier in America — Britith era- 
CDale Pbiladelpliia— Battle of Freehold Conrt-Houae — Clinton 
reaches Sandy Hook — Embarks for New York^Guards with other 
troopi embark for the Cnpes of Virginia — Land a( Glebe — Fort and 
ships destroyed' — Stores and proiiaions taken from the enemy — Forces 
embark for New York — Guards, joined by troops from Virginia, sat 
np North River — Morgan lands — Clinton disembarks at Stoney Point 
— Port La Fayette surrenders-'Guards embark for NewfaaTen — Garth 
disembarks — Town taken — Vessels, artillery, and stores destroyed — 
Army marches through Fairfield — Shipping, stores, and town burnt 
— Troops re-emburk — Land at Norwalk and Greenfield ; both places 
destroyed — English return to New Y'ork — Guards formed part of 
the garrison during the winter — Clinton embarks al Sandy Hook to 
reduce South Carolina — Lord Stirling attempts lo take Slaten Island 
— Flank companies of the Guards, a few guns, some Hessians, and 
nioonled Yagers, march for Young's house — Young's house taken — 
Arnold, the Americao General, carries on a secret correspondence — ■ 
Major Andre tried as a spy and banged— Army crosses the Catawha 
— Guards distinguish themselves— Americans return to North Caro- 
lina — Cornwallis attacks the enemy's lines at Guildford Court-Honse 
— Americans retreat in good order — British move towards Wilmlng- 
Ion — Comwallb reaches Petersburg, crosses the Roanoke, Meberrin, 
and Nottaway rivers — Army reinforced marches through Hanover 






Jl 



V* CONTENTS. 

VMUUtr> i'OrnwaUis defeats La Fayette— Crosses James River, and 
\Hkiiv«iitrates in Y ork Town — Washington moyes to White Plains — 
Jviuinl by the French from Rhode Island — Arnold destroys New 
l4i»nd(iu Y ork. Town invested — Comwallis surrenders — Carleton 
iiUOc«)vds ('linton in command — Ratification of peace — Thirteen pro- 
viiicHis declared independent — Returns of the officers who served in 
America page 1 

CHAPTER II. 

Death of Waldegrave — Duke of York succeeds as Colonel of the 
(Coldstream — Misunderstanding between Duke of York and Colonel 
Lennox — Murder of Lewis XVI. — England joins against the new 
Government of France — First battalions of the regiments of Guards 
embark for Holland — Clairfait obliges the French to retreat — Arch- 
duke Charles carries several batteries — Prince of Saxe-Coburg drives 
the French from Aix-la-Chapelle — Siege of Maestricht raised — Junc- 
tion of Generals Miranda and Valence — Prussians, Hanoverians, and 
British advance by Bois-le-Duc— Grenadier battalion consists of five 
companies — Guards in quarters at Bergen-op-Zoom — Guards proceed 
by canal to Bruges — March through Tour nay to Orcq — Coldstream 
attack the French near St. Amand — Duke of York's order dated 
Tournay — Cond6 blockaded — Investment of Valenciennes — Siege en- 
trusted to the Duke of York — Capitulation — Cond6 surrenders — A 
reinforcement, including three light companies, one for each regiment 
of Guards, joins the army — Garrison of Valenciennes march out and 
lay down their arms — Carobray summoned — Duke of York's army 
aeparates from the Austrians — French defeated at Lincelles — Siege of 
Dunkirk — Houchard arrives with reinforcements — Attacks Freytag — 
Walmoden retreats — Duke of York abandons Dunkirk — Coldstream 
move towards Menin and encamp— Houchard arrested and sent to 
Paris — Quesnoy taken by the Austrians — French defeated 'at Villiers 
en Couche — Driven from Lannoy — Guards encamp on the plains of 
Cyscoigne — Coldstream go into St. Peter's barracks at Ghent — Duke 
of York returns to England 29 

CHAPTER in. 

Reinforcements for the brigade of Guards sent from England — 
Command of the army giveu to the Emperor — He reviews the dif- 
ferent contingents above Cateau- Allies advance — Su ccess of the two 



CONTENTS. Vll 

columDS under the Duke of York — Siege of Landrecy — Duke of York 
drives the enemy from Caesar's camp — French defeated near Cateau 
— Dnke of York repulses the enemy near Tournay — Duke of York 
obliges the enemy to evacuate Lannoy — Guards, supported by the 
Seventh and Fifteenth Light Dragoons, drive the French from their 
intrenchments — Abercrombie obliged to retreat from the heights of 
Roubaix, round Lannoy, to Templeuve — Fox retreats, and joins Otto 
— Numerical superiority of the enemy — Pichegru commences opera- 
tions with an army of two hundred thousand men — Pitt declared by 
French Jacobins an enemy to the human race — Decree forbidding 
quarter — Duke of York's order in consequence — Allies repulsed near 
Fleurus — Duke of York retreats to Romaux — Reinforcements 
land at Ostend — Light companies of the Guards at home embark 
— Moira joins the Duke of York — Tournay, Ghent, and Ostend 
fall into the hands of the French — Duke of York crosses the 
Maese — Enemy repulsed — Crosses the Maese — Takes Bommel — 
Pichegru attacks the Allies between Nimeguen and Arnheim — Duke 
of York returns to England — Walmoden succeeds in command — Allies 
abandon Hensden — Spirited stand made by the Guards at Rhenen — 
British retreat to Yoorthuizen — Troops suffer great hardships in 
the retreat to Deventer — Retreat continues to Bremen — Cold- 
stream embark at Bremenlee — Land at Greenwich, and march to 
London pag^ 49 

CHAPTER IV. 

Light companies of the First, Coldstream, and Third Guards em- 
bark for Ostend — First battalions of the three regiments of Guards 
embark for Ireland — Expedition to Holland — Two brigades of Guards 
embark — Troops land near the Helder Point — Dutch driven back — 
Their fleet surrenders — French and Batavians repulsed — Duke of 
York takes command of the army — Battle of Bergen — Four thousand 
Russians land at the Helder — Battle of Alkmaar — Capitulation of the 
town — British and Russians re-embark — First battalion lands at 
Yarmouth 64 

CHAPTER V. 

First battalion joins the expedition under Abercrombie — British 
land in Aboukir Bay — Abercrombie attacks the French lines — Battle 
of Alexandria — Death of Abercrombie — Reinforcements arrive for the 



VI CUMENTS. 

country — Cornwallis deTeals La Fayette— Crosses James Ri'er, and 
concentrates In York Town— Washington moves lo Wbite Plains- 
Joined by llie French from Rbode Island — Arnold destroys Nen 
London — York Town invested — Cornwallia surrenders — Carleton 
succeeds Clinlan in command — RatiGcation of peace — Thirteen pro- 
vinces declared independent— Rein rns of the officers who served in 
America page I 

CriAPTER 11. 

Death of Waldegrave — Duke of York succeeds as Colonel of the 
Coldstream — Misunderstanding between Duke of York and Colonel 
Lenuox — Murder of Lewis XVI.— England joins against the new 
Government of France — First battalions of the regiments of Guards 
embark for Holland— (.'lairfail obliges the French lo retreat— Arch- 
duke Charles carries several batteries^ Prince of Sane-Coburg drives 
the French from Aix-la-Chapelle— Siege of Maestricht raised — Junc- 
tion of Generals Miranda and Valence — Prussians, Hanoverians, and 
British advance by Bois-le-Duc — Grenadier battalion consists of five 
companies — Guards in quarters at Bergcn-op-Zoom— Guards proceed 
by canal to Bruges— March through Tournay to Ortq — Coldstream 
attack the French near St. Amand— Duke of York's order dated 
Tournay — Coud£ blockaded — Investment of Valenciennes — Siege en- 
trusted to Ibe Duke of York — Capitulation — Condi surrenders — A 
reinforcement, including three light companies, one for each regiment 
of Guards, joins the army — Garrison of Valenciennes march out and 
lay down their arms — Cambray summoned — Duke of York's army 
separates from the Austrians— French defeated at Lincelles — Siege of 
Uunkirk^Houchard arrives with reinforcements — Attacks Freytag— 
Walmodcn rvl reals— Duke of York abandons Dunkirk— Coldstream 
move towards Menin and encamp — lloucbard arrested and sent to 
Paris — Qnesnoy taken by the Austrians — French defeated at Villiers 
en Couche — Driven from Lannoy — Guards encamp on the plains of 
Cyscoigne— Coldstream go into St. Peter's barracks at Ghent — Duk« 
of York returns lo England 20 

CHAPTER III. 

Reinforcements for the brigade of Guards sent from England — 
Command of the array given to the Emperor— He reviews the dif- 
ferent contingents above Cateau- Allies advance — Success of the two 




CONTENTS. Vll 

columns under the Duke of York — Siege of Landrecy — Duke of York 
driTes the enemy from Caesar's camp — French defeated near Gateau 
— Duke of York repulses the enemy near Tournay^Duke of York 
ohliges the enemy to evacuate Lannoy — Guards, supported hy the 
Seventh and Fifteenth Light Dragoons, drive the French from their 
intrenchments — Ahercromhie obliged to retreat from the heights of 
Roubaix, round Lannoy, to Templeuve — Fox retreats, and joins Otto 
— Numerical superiority of the enemy — Pichegru commences opera- 
tions with an army of two hundred thousand men — Pitt declared by 
French Jacobins an enemy to the human race — Decree forbidding 
quarter — Duke of York's order in consequence — Allies repulsed near 
Fleums — Duke of York retreats to Romaux — Reinforcements 
land at Ostend — Light companies of the Guards at home embark 
— Moira joins the Duke of York — Tournay, Ghent, and Ostend 
fall into the hands of the French — Duke of York crosses the 
Maese — Enemy repulsed — Crosses the Maese — Takes Bommel — 
Pichegru attacks the Allies between Nimeguen and Arnheim — Duke 
of York returns to England — Walmoden succeeds in command — Allies 
abandon Hensden — Spirited stand made by the Guards at Rhenen — 
British retreat to Yoorthuizen — Troops suffer great hardships in 
the retreat to De venter — Retreat continues to Bremen — Cold- 
stream embark at Bremenlee — Land at Greenwich, and march to 
London ftagt 49 

CHAPTER IV. 

Light companies of the First, Coldstream, and Third Guards em- 
bark for Ostend — First battalions of the three regiments of Guards 
embark for Ireland — Expedition to Holland — Two brigades of Guards 
embark — Troops land near the Helder Point — Dutch driven back — 
Their fleet surrenders — French and Batavians repulsed — Duke of 
York takes command of the army — Battle of Bergen — Four thousand 
Russians land at the Helder — Battle of Alkmaar — Capitulation of the 
town — British and Russians re-embark — First battalion lands at 
Yarmouth 64 

CHAPTER V. 

First battalion joins the expedition under Ahercromhie — British 
land in Aboukir Bay — Ahercromhie attacks the French lines — Battle 
of Alexandria — Death of Ahercromhie — Reinforcements arrive for the 



Vlll CONTENTS. 

ColdBtream — Cavan appointed to command the brigade of Guards — 
Marabout capitulates — Alexandria flarrenders — Army returns to 
England — First battalion Innds — Marches Ilirmigh Wincheater fur 
London — Peace of Amiens- — Buonaparte declared First Consul^ — Wnr 
with France — First batlaliona of Coldstream and Third brigaded under 
Finch — Arrive at Chelmsford — Leller to Patriotic Fund from non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers of (be Egyptian brigade of Guards 

— First battalion march for Cox-Heath Camp^In quarters at Chatbam 
—George III. revieivs his Guards a( Wimbledon— Death of the Duke 
of Gloucester — Duke of York succeeds in command of Ihe First 
Guards — Duke of Cambridge appointed Colonel of the Coldstream — 
Treaty of Pelersburgh^Firsl battalion embark under Lord Cathcart 
^Land at Cuxhaven — March to Bremen — Battle of AusterlitE — 
Expedilion returus to England page 74 

CHAPTER VI. 

Officers of the Coldstream address tbe Duke of York— Duke's 
reply — First battalion sails niih the expedition for Ihe Bailie 

— Insestment of Copenhagen — BorabardmenI — Capitulation — 
Army re-embark — First battalion go into barracks at Chatham 
—Charles IV. abdicates in favour of Ferdinand— Napoleon arrives 
St Bayonne — Murat enters Madrid — Prince of Peace sent to 
Bayonne, fotloived by Charles and the Queen — Joseph Buonaparte 
proclaimed King of Spain — Insurrection at Oporto, which extends to 
Spain — French squadron at Cadiz capitulates — Dupont's army sur- 
repders to Castanos— Spanish Patriots enter into a treaty with Eng- 
land — Expedition sails from Cork— Lands in Mondego Bay — 
Wellesley attacks tbe heights of Roli^a, and defeats Junot at Vimeira 
— French quit Portugal — Napoleon retnrns to Paris— Troops from 
Sweden reinforce the British in Portugal — Napoleon arrives at Madrid 
— Juoclion of Moore and Baird— Moore retreats — French repulsed at 
Corunna — Death of Moore — Army returns to England^Second bri- 
gade of Guards embark at Ramsgnle — Fleet arrives at Spilbend^ 
Sails — Dispersed by contrary and tempestuous ivinda — Transports End 
shelter in the Irish ports — Fleet sails from Curk for Cndiz^Siipreme 
Jnota refuses odmitlance— Fleet sails for tbe Tagiis — Beresford ap- 
pointed (o command Ihe Portuguese troops — Nine companies of the 
first battalion land at Lisbon — Cradock commands Ihe army — Twenty 
thousand Portuguese troops taken into English pay— Soult defeats 
Rouiaua, crosses the Miuho, and carries Oporto — Sllvcira retakes 



CONTENTS. IX 

Chaves — Soult** coinmuDicntion with Spain inlercepled — Guards 
march through Saccaicm and Balalba to L^ria— Cradoct resigns the 
com ma ad to Wellesley — General Orders— Guards march to Coimbra 
— Trant holds the line oFtlie Voiiga .... page fl3 



' CHAPTER Vll. 

Wellesley arrires at Coimbra^Retiews the army — Advances^ 
Attacks Oporto — Critical position ofSoatl's army — Rear-(;uard Dver- 
(akeii at Salanionde — Coldslrenm halt at Scavessa de Rio — Termi- 
aation or the pursail — Army returns to Oporto — Marches through 
Coimbra, Thoraar, and coDceotrates at Abrantes — Stations of the corps 
under Victor, Sebastian!, Soult, and Mortier— Allies move on Pla- 
centia, form a junction with the Spaniards al Oropesa, and advance to 
Talavera de la Reyna — Troops suffer greatly from the want ofpro- 
vUions — Cuesia moves to St, Olalla, attacked, and retreats in disorder 
—Battle of Talavera— Light brigade arrives under Crau ford —Soult 
forces tlie passes between Salamanca nnd Ptacentia — Wellesley returns 
to Oropesa — Cuesta quits the positi'>n at Talavera, and abandons the 
■ick and wounded of the allied army — Two thousand sick and wounded 
■oldiers proceed to Elvaa — Allies cross the Tngus at Arzobispo— 
Spaniards lefl to defend the bridge-^Snrprised, and retreat with the 
loss of thirty guns and baggage — Cuesta retires to Deleytosa — Allies 
fall back to Zaraicejo — Brigade of Guards at Bfldajoi^General Order 
— War declared between France and Austria — Flank companies of 
aecond battalion embark for Flushing — ^British army crosses the Tagus 
— Brigade of Guards march (o Vizeu^Hill's corps in the vicinity of 
Abraotea 109 



CHAPTER VIII. 



Weill 
Sierra Morena — Joseph Bi 
barricades the bridge of Zi 
embark 



[o Colonel Stopford — Soult passes the 

laparle enters Seville — ^ Albuquerque 

) — Eleven companies of the Guards 

Portsmouth for Cadiz — Allies collect a force at Cadiz — 



Wellington's head-quarlers at Celerico — Army of Portugal assemble 
under Massena — Capture ofCiudad Rodrigo — Masiena's proclamation 
— Ney attacks Crauford — Proclamation issued by Wellington- 
Maaaena enters Portugal— French concenlrale at ViEeu—Battli- of 
Busaco — Wellington retires to the lines of Torres Vedras — Romana 
joins from the Alcntejo — Massena retreats — Wellington follows 




pt^* 1» 

CHAPTER IX. 

S«^\<Hi lli^Mft«»»il nea «rrire in the Tagus — French army retieal — 
llgk«^HMi^» hri$;«de crosses the Tagns — Skirmish at Pombal — ^AAer an 
^i^Wuinale nMistance Ney retreats through Condeixa and Casal Nova to 
IlitMida de Corro — Enemy retire in disorder from Fox d'Aronse — 
FWncli retreat from their station behind the Alva — ^Wellington de- 
tained from want of provisions — Massena retreats from Guarda — 
Eaemy defeated at Sabugal — French enter Spain — ^Termination of the 
third invasion by the French — ObserTstion on the defence of Lisbon — 
Position of the Allies — Guards at Almadilla and Pnebla — ^Troops em- 
bark at Cadiz — Confederates form a junction at Tarifa — Battle of 
Barrosa — Beresford lays siege to Badajoz — Almeida invested — ^Wel- 
lington visits the troops in the Alentejo — Returns to Villa Formosa — 
Position of the armies — Battle of Fuentes d'Honor — Massena recalled 
— Ragusa succeeds iu command — ^Brennier escapes with the garrison of 
Almeida — Marmont retires on Salamanca — Guards return to the places 
oeeopied before the action — First division march to Penamacor — 
Goards ordered back to their former stations — Soult marches to re- 
lieve Badajoz — Battle of Albuera — Blockade of Badajoz — Guards 
with the corps under Spencer cross the Tagus — Encamp at St. Oloia 
— Soult returns to Seville — Marmont advances to Salamanca — Hill's 
corps remains in Alentejo — ^Wellington recrosses the Tagus — Head- 
quarters at.Fuente Gpinaldo — Graham succeeds Spencer — Blockade of 
Ciudad Rodrigo — Wellington retreats on the advance of Marmont — 
Allies go into winter quarters — Coldstream at Lagoisa, Valdozares, 
and afterwards at Pinhel — Hill surprises the post at Arroyo de 
Molinos 143 

CHAPTER X. 

Siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo — Army marches for the 
sooth — Siege of Badajoz — Town carried by assault — Hill left in the 
south — Wellington moves for the north — Marmont retires from 
Castello Branco — Head-quarters at Fuente Guiualdo— Troops can- 
toned between the Agueda and Coa — Hill carries the bridge of 
Almarez — Wellington fords the Tonnes — Marmont advances — ^Allies 



CONTENTS. XI 

in pomtioii od the heighta of St. CbristoTal — Capture of the forta in 
Salamanca — French retreat and concentrate behind the Dooro— Mar- 
mont reinforced attempts to cat off Wellington's communication with 
Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo — Battle of Salamanca — Marmont 
wounded — Command deToWes on Clausel — French retreat on Yal- 
ladolid — Wellington moves by Cuellar, through Segovia, to Madrid— 
The Isla opposite Cadiz abandoned by the French — First division 
leaves Madrid for the Escurial — King Joseph joins Suchet — Soult 
in Granada — Wellington enters Yalladolid — Siege of Burgos — Siege 
raised — Reinforcements arrive under Dalhonsie — Allies retreat — 
Head-quarters at Freynada — Hill returns to Estramadura — ^Troops go 
into cantonments for the winter — Coldstream at Musquetello page 168 

CHAPTER XI. 

French loss in Russia — Austria joins the Russians — Napoleon 
concentrates his force — Soult sets out with reinforcements for Ger- 
many — Graham crosses the Douro— The cavalry and Hill's corps 
reach Salamanca — Enemy retire from Yalladolid to Burgos — Allies 
cross the Ebro — Attack at Osma — Battle of Yittoria — Retreat of the 
French — Left advance under Graham — Joseph makes a stand at 
Tolosa — Graham drives him beyond the frontier — Siege of St. Se- 
bastian — Soult resumes the command in the south of France — Attacks 
Roncesvalles and Maya — Retreats — Wellington occupies the position 
he did previous to the advance of Soult -« Capture of St. Sebastian 
— Left of the AUies cross the Bidassoa — Pampeluna surrenders — 
Position of the French on the Nivelle — Hope succeeds Graham as 
second in command — French lose their character for invincibility at 
Leipsic — Battle of Nivelle — Allies go into cantonments — Soult concen- 
trates in front of Bayonne — Repulsed in his attacks on the left . 184 

CHAPTER XII. 

Hill moves to Hellete — French retire — Spaniards blockade St Jean 
Pied de Port — Left wing invests Bayonne — Battle of Orthez — Soult 
retires — Beresford's corps marches for Bourdeaux — Great part of his 
force recalled — Battle of Toulouse — Sortie from Bayonne — Cold- 
stream suffer severely — Coldstream in barracks at Bourdeaux — 
Hostilities close on land between England and France — Coldstream 
quit Bourdeaux for Pauliac — Conveyed by craft to the Stirling Castle 
— Arrive at Spithead — March to London — Six companies of the 



XII CONTENTS. 

Coldstream embark for Holland — Inspected at SteenbergeD — Failure 
of attack on Bergen -op-Zoom — Six companies ga into i]tMrteni 
at BruBiels — Six compaoies reinforced by four companies from 
England . ptgt 190 

CHAPTER XIII. 

Napoleon escapes from Elba — Prince Regent determines to Join 

the Allies — Re in force men ta sent to Belgium — Position of the Allies 

— Napoleon heads the nortbern army— His proclamatiou— Coldstream 

march to Quatre Bras— Battle of Waterloo . . . . 3U8 




APPENDIX. 



KO. DATE. CONTENTS. PAGE. 

1 4 Sept. 1656 Cromweirs letter relatire to the battle of Dunbar . . . 229 

2 4 Feb. l6of Cromweirs letter respecting the Medal of Danbar . . 234 

3 17 Nor. 1651 Ensign Wells's commission 1235 

4 24 Feb. 165f Letter from Monck to Lord Henry Cromwell . . . . ib. 

5 12 May, 1659 Letter from Monck and officers to Lord Fleetwood . • 296 

6 10 Feb. 16i| Exchange of arms 238 

7 14 Apr. 1660 Exchange of arms • ib. 

8 26 Jane 1660 Lieutenant Pembruge's commission ib. 

9 3 Aag. 1660 Monck *s commission as Captain-General • • . . 239 

10 Jone,1661 Firstappointment of Adjutants ..••.. 250 

11 5 May, 1663 Instructions to be obserred by the Coounissary-General of 

Musters • • • ib. 

12 23 Jan. 166] Ensign Vincent's commission * 252 

13 May, 1664 Men sent to Guinea 253 

14 24 Feb. 166$ Arms to be delirered to Captain Huitson . • . . ib. 

15 15 Apr. 16^ Two companies added to the Coldstream . . . . ib. 

16 1 May, 1667 Firelocks lost daring the Fire of London to be replaced . . ib. 

17 21 Feb. 16^ Men drafted to Sir Thomas Allen's squadron .... 254 

18 2 Feb. 161^ Order for arms for drafts sent to Sir lliomas Allen • * ib. 

19 23 Mar. 16fS Order for powder to be issued to the regiment, and note from 

Mr. Hudson Gumey's M.S 255 

20 24Mar. 16Q Stations of the army 256 

21 11 Apr. 1670 Order for arms to Captain Kirkbye*s company . . . 258 

22 11 Apr. 1670 Order for two drums to Captain Mutlowe's company . . ib. 

23 10 June, 1670 Arms furnished the regiment according to patterns • • . ib. 

24 18 June, 1670 The Duke of York ordered to conrene the Colonels of regi* 

ments on military afiairs ib. 

25 19 Aug. 1670 One day's pay giren to the Earl of Craren, and a certain 

number of men disbanded 259 

26 23 Sept. 1670 Arms to be issued 260 

27 23 Mar. 167f Quarters of the Colonel's company of the Coldstream . • ib. 

28 12 May, 1671 Pay of the Guards reduced when not in attendance on the King ib. 

29 16 Aug. 1671 Quarters of the Coldstream ib. 

30 3 Not. 1671 Non-commissioned officers of the Guards not to keep ale- 

houses, or marry without permission 261 

31 18 Feb. 167| Draft from the Coldstream to the Duke of Monmouth's regt. ib. 

32 12 Mar. 167^ Arms to supply those lost at Corent Garden fire . . . 262 

33 27 Mar. 1672 Detachments to be sent on board the Yaughs to do duty . ib. 

34 13 Apr. 1672 Orders for colours for the Coldstream ib. 



Xli CONTENTS, 

Coldatrearo embark for Holland — Inspected at Steenbergen — Failure 
of attack on Bergen -op-Zoom — Six companies go into quarters 
at Brnssels — Six companies reinforced by four companies from 
England . page 199 

CHAPTER Xin. 

Napoleon escapes from Elba — Prince Regent determines to join 
the Allies — Reinforcements sent to Belgium — Position of the Allies 
— Napoleon heads the northern army — His proclamation— Coldstream 
march to Quatre Bras — Battle of Waterloo .... 208 



p 




(•OMKNTS. 


P 


1 as 


3U(T, len 


Issue ofarms 


t63 


I 


M.ItlB«,167S 


Orilet for oourt-mirtisd on privale Ellis of the Coldstreun . 


ib. 


1 ^ 


3Jdy.l<i7« 


Ensign Peryn's accounl, ind n-urnmt for psyment 


*64 


I 38 


5July.16T3 


Arms lo be issued for cotnpaaiea at ae* . 


ec5 


■ 39 


15 Nov. 167S 


Order for B coart-m»rti»l . 




I 40 


S5 Nov. 107» 


Cnpl. Betill Slelton lo cottunand the regiment sent to France 


ib. 


f 


5Dbo. 167S 


Order for a bBttalion to JO to France 


ib. 


* « 


ST- Feb. 167) 


Order for a guard to attend the theatre in Dorset Garden 


B67 


43 


S2 Mar. 167} 


Stslemenl of bandelaetes nnd drums delivered to six com- 






Sand 
20 Apr. Ib74 


panies of the Coldgtream 




Court-marUiil lo assemble on board the yacht, sad sentonca . 


a68 


45 


W Apr. 167* 


Arms to be deliverad in lieu of thosfl isken by the men drafted 








to Ch arch ill's regiment 


ib. 


4e 


e M.y, 16T4 










inEnglandlVomlhe8thofApril 


ib. 


■a 


I* M«y. 1674 


Orders for training and eierciaing on the new system . 


«69 




SO M»y, 1674 


Grunt of,i300 to Captain Haitson 


ib. 


49 


15 Sept. 1671 


Guards to do duty over the Qneen-Coniort at Hamptnn-Court 


ib. 


50 


1!) Sept. 1674 


UoaervJceablB arma of the Coldstream to be eicbanged 


ib. 


M 


Msnd 








99 Sept. 1674 


Coldstream every ivro monlhs 


e7o 


as 


3 Deo. 1674 


Six uiustera iaatead of seven to taVe place annually 


ib. 


53 


10 M.y, 1676 




Wl 


5* 


9 Juno. 1676 




ib. 


55 


4 Oct. 1676 


IJrafl of one company of the Coldalresm sent to Virginia 


ib. 


56 


I9MBy,1677 


Soldiers of the Gnards first trained as greiUMiierB . 


ib. 


5T 


11 and 

llf Jun. 1671 




«7S 


58 


14 Jul. 167i 


Arms to bo delivered to the 480 men added to the Coldetream 


ib. 


S9 
60 


17 Jan. 167i 
1 Feb. I67i 




ih 


For OBSuring payment for the clothing of new raised men 


ib. 


61 


SO Mar. 167? 


Order for Guuds from Virginia to disemb.ulc st Gravesend . 


S73 


68 


4 Apr. 1678 


Wsmml respectine the levy-money of the grensdier company 


274 


63 


4 Apr. 1678 


Levy-money for raising the grenadier company 




64 


9 Apr. 1678 


Court-martial to a«senib1e and inquire into s dispute among 
aofne officers of the Coldstream 


275 


65 


13 Apr. 1678 


Delivery of arms lo (he new-raised grenadier company . 


ib. 


66 


13 Apr. 1678 


^ 100 to Major Mutlow for sorvicen performed 


ib. 


CT 


IJ Mny. 1678 


Leave for Ensign Clerko lo return from (Jstend 


ib. 




1 Juue, 1678 


Ensign Clerke's prolcmgation of leave 


ib. 


69 


3 Juno, 1678 


Relating to the muster of the Cold.tream in Flanders . 




TO 


K June, 1678 


A relnm of Captain Mmloiv's company from X'irginis 


ih. 


71 


July. 1678 


Pnymont for repairs of Mejor Mansfield's lodgings . 




n 


IB July. 1678 


Respite removed from the pay of throe soldiers of Captain 
Wytbo'i compony 


ib. 


73 


28 July, 1678 


Stale clothing from the King's wardrobe 


277 


L 


7 Aug. i6n 


Arms to be delivered in lieu of those sent with the drafts to 




1 




Handera 


ib. 


Arms to be issued to recruits 


1 


Sepl. 167e 




ib. 


L 


SO Sept. lti7B 

I 


^ysiy..lltJ,loMajorManafieldfoiclo1liing . . . 





CONTENTS. XV 

NO. DATE. PAGE. 

78 S3 Sept. 1678 Ensign Troatbeck present at the masters in Flanders for 

March, May, and July 279 

79 30 Sept. 167B Two deserters from Captain O Keorer's company to be con- 

ducted to the guard of the Coldstream in St. James's Park . ib. 

80 28 Oct. 1678 Fox-tail cravats for grenadiers 880 

81 1 Not. 1678 Dismissal of Popish recusants ib. 

8S 2 Nov. 1678 Dismissal of Popish recusants 281 

8S 15 Nov. 1678 Reward for the invention of a new bayonet . ib. 

84 7 Jan. 167| Payment to Mons. Vannier for the gold and ivory sticks for 

the field-officers of the household troops . . ib. 

85 8 Mar. 167| ^£"105 to Capt. Wythe for bringing the companies of the Cold- 

stream from Dover to London 282 

86 10 Apr. 1679 j[S 12$. to Drum-major-general Mawgridge, for impressing 

sixteen drummers for the Coldstream ib. 

87 25 Oct. 1679 Contingent account from 1675 to 1678 ib. 

88 10 Dec. 1679 Powder expended at the fire at the Temple .... 284 

89 2 June, 1680 A detachment of the Coldstream to embark for Tangiers . 285 

90 4 June, 1680 Precedency of regiments going to Tangiers . . . . ib. 

91 10 June, 1680 Order for a colour for the company going to Tangiers . . ib. 

92 19 July, 1680 ^4 6s, Sd, to he paid to Captain Street, for sending the draft 

going to I'angiers from the companies at Windsor . . ib. 

98 10 Nov. 1660 Coldstream to recruit 120 men in lieu of those sent to Tangiers 286 

94 19 Sept. 1683 Contingent account from April to September . . . . ib. 

95 7 Dec. 1683 Contingent account from September to November . . . 287 

96 26 Jan. 168) Snaphance musquets of the latest pattern to be delivered to 

the Coldstream 288 

97 27 Jan. 168) Contingent bill from November to January following . . ib. 

98 28 Apr. 1684 Arms to be delivered to the new-raised grenadier companies . 289 

99 13 June, 1684 Contingent account from January to May 290 

100 28 Nov. 1684 Contingent account from May to November .... 291 

101 31 Oct. 1684 Grenade shells for the grenadier company .... 292 

102 13June,1685 Coldstream to recruit to 100 men a company . . . . ib. 

103 9 July, 1685 Letter from Mr, Blathwayt to Colonel Mackay . . . ib. 
101 12 July, 1685 A detachment to conduct prisoners concerned in the rebellion 

to Scotland ib. 

^^ ^ J*ul*^ 1685 } ^^'»"^^ ^Of reducing the Coldstream ib. 

106 15 Aug. 1685 Contingent account from November to June, 1685 . . . 293 

107 7 Nov. 1685 Payment for waggons during Monmouth's rebellion . . 294 

108 17 Dec. 1685 £288 to be paid to Mr. Holford for the colours for the Foot 

Guards for the Coronation ib. 

109 12 Feb. 168» Contingent bill from July to December, 1685 . . . . ib. 

110 22Feb. 168^ Order for bayonets for the Coldstream 295 

111 18 Mar. 168^ Remuneration to the men of the Guards employed in Hyde 

Park • . 296 

112 15 Aug. 1686 Account of grenados furnished to the grenadier company . ib. 

113 15 Aug. 1686 Contingent bill from January to June, 1686 .... 297 

114 11 Mar. 168J Firelocks issued to the grenadier company .... 298 

115 8 Mar. 168J Order for tho Coldstream and other troops to embark for 

Holland ib. 

116 17 Mar. 1683 Men of the First regiment of Guards, embarked for Holland, 

to be incorporated in the Coldstream 299 

117 19 Mar. 168? Men of the Prince of Denmark's regt., embarked for Holland. 

to be incorporated in the Coldstream ib. 



CONT£NTS. XVll 

DATE, PAGE* 

IS Feb. 170| Fire otiedra and senranti tent to Spain 517 

IST 18 & fS Feb. \ 

& SMer 1701 J ^^^'^^^ ^'^'^ letters relatiye to officers ordered to Spain . 318 

158 16 Mar. 170f The pay of two men a company allowed the Coldstream to 

complete the expence of new arms in lieu of pikes . • ib. 

159 18 Apr. 1707 Standards, banners, &c. of the honsehold troops to be altered 

on the occasion of the union with Scotland . • . . ib. 

160 f8 Apr. 1707 Distribution of the Guards at home and abroad . . .lb. 

161 50 June, 1707 Application for powder, and distribution of the Guards at 

home and abroad 519 

165 15 Sep. 1707 Orders for the Guards to fill up the draAs sent to Spain • ib. 

163 14 Jan. 170{ Relates to clothing of the army generally . . . . ib. 

164 S Aug. 1706 Brevet officers to do duty according to their regimental rank . 5S0 

^^ j^;"*^1709} Description of deserters ib. 

166 16 Mar. 170| Duke of Marlborough orders the regiments in Flanders to wear 

" black buttons and button-holes " 5tl 

167 17 Sept. 1709 Letter describing the battle of Malplaquet, with a return and 

list of killed and wounded ib. 

168 19 Mar. 17{f Guard sent to protect Covent-Garden Theatre ... 584 

169 9& 15 \ A Field-Officer of the Foot Guards to be always in waiting on 

Aug. 1711/ the Queen St$ 

170 12 Mar. I7j| Savoy barracks ordered to be fitted up for 500 men . . ib. 

171 19 Feb. 17^ Quarters of the Coldstream ib. 

ITS 10 Apr. 1713 500 men of the Coldstream to be quartered at Hampton Court 

and Kensington till the Savoy barracks are completed . • 596 

173 Dec. 1713 Contingent bill for the year 1713 ib. 

174 S5 Dec. 1713 Guards ordered to quell the mutiny in Will's marines . . ib. 

175 7 July, 1714 Detachment of the Guards to attend the Queen at Hampton 

Court and Windsor 5t7 

176 3 Sept. 1714 Grenadiers ordered to Greenwich to receive George the First 528 

177 27 Sept. 1714 Detachment of the Guards to relieve Lieutenant-General 

Webb's regiment at the Tower • ib. 

178 12 Nov. 17141 

2 & 7 Feb. & ^Quarters of the Coldstream 589 

10 Aug. 1715 J 

179 10 June, 1715 Guards posted about London to prevent white roses being 

worn 530 

180 23 July, 1715 Four companies added to the Coldstream • • • • ib* 

181 July, 1717 Particulars of the state-clothing of the drummers and hautbois 

of the Guards ib» 

182 1717 A party of drummers of the Guards apprehended for beating a 

point of war at Lord Wexford's 332 

183 27 Nov. 1718 A guard to attend the theatre in the Haymarket . . • ib* 

184 9 Mar. 17^ For hire of waggons, &c. on the march to Chippenham • 335 

185 28 May, 1719 Order for the Guards to salute the Lords Justices . • • ib. 

186 4 June, 1719 Direction to the Colonels of the Guards for sending troops 

into the City 554 

187 23 & 30 1 Seven companies from each of the regiments of Guards ordered 

July, 1719/ to encamp at the Isle of Wight ib. 

188 July, 1719 For hire of waggons, &c. for the Coldstream on the march to 

the Isle of Wight SS» 

189 14 Sept. 1719 One waggon "outof respect to the regiments of Guards "al- 

lowed to each company ib. 

190 Nov. 1719 For hire of waggons on the return of the Coldstream from the 

Isle of Wight to London ib. 



leoriheColdstroamm it appeared at the review . . 337 
Return of nle-liousea, &a. in SouUiwurk liable to quirtet 

Eoldieri ib. 

195 SONor. I7S9 Eittaot from warrant reguliHiog clothing .... 338 

196 13JnnB.ir35 Offioers to appear wifi ■' twisted ramiJyDd wigi" tccording to 

pattern ib. 

197 18Juiie.lT3.i How thesoldiern are to sppest at review on the igthjuna . ib. 

198 S9 0el. 17.15 Officers to mount oil guards in their rpgimontuls nnd guilorti . ib, 

199 17.15 Fricea fixed Tnr soldiers to puy Tor their necessaries . . ib. 

WO llApr. 1736 InstruclioQiforlbedulyofseniinela ib. 

aOl 6 Jnly. 1737 Directions how to appear at the inspection by Col. I'ulieney 339 
«M 15 .ruly, 1737 Ordera for olBcera named, to march in iheir blue frocka, hats. 

and wip, with their diTiaioin to Hampton Court . , . ib. 

203 30 July. 17J7 Instruttious for the Hampton Court party . . . . ib. 
tot li Sept. 1737 N'o complimenu to bo pud to the Prince or Princeu of 

Wales til) further orden ib. 

K15 36 KoT. 1737 Order for the ColdWreum to go into monming for the lute 

Queen Caroline ib. 

KC ... 1749 lluifonn of the Coldstream MO 

KT 3 Sept. 174.5 Men to salute by touching their bats 341 

SOe 9 Sept. 1745 No Irishmen or rapists to bo enlisted Lb. 

9)9 ilSep(.t745 No Scotch. Irish, or lagabund, will be approred of as re«niits ib. 

tlO 9 Oct. 1745 L'sunl complimenls to be paid to thp Venetian ambassador . lb. 

311 35 Oot. 1745 The Guards not to laugh when the Militia are reviewed . ib. 

*** MN^ ,^^}llouleforlhtGu»rd-4lomiirchtoLitchfield . . . . ib. 
113 a Nov. 1745 Route for the lintt bnttalioa of the Coldstream to march to 

Nottingbam M3 

314 96 Nov. 1745 Koute of the Coldstream on reaching Nottingham altered to 

Litchfield ih. 

315 a> No>. 174^> Koute for un escort with the baggage to foltDW tbe first batta- 

lion to Litchbeld 313 

316 13 Jan. 1749 J^" uScera to appear in " white giiten and atiff-topt baff- 

coloured gloTos " ib. 

nr 34June,1746 A guard to be mounted over the rebels in Piccadilly . . ib. 

tiS m Aug. 1746 Uetichments frotn the Guards to attend the eiecntion of 

Lords Kilmamoeli Hnd Unlmerino ib. 

319 Oct. 1746 Contingent account of tbe second batulion of tbe Coldstream 

under Uenernl Puller 314 

no 37 Nov. 1746 A detachment ordered to attend the execution of the rebels . 345 

391 3Feb. 174^ No aoldier will be permitted to wear a wig alter 35tb March . ib. 

331 7 Apr. 1747 A detachment ordered to attend the execution of Lord Lovat . ib. 

333 15 June, 1747 The men's bair to hs tucked under their hats in falare . . ib. 

(34 33 May. 174B The uinal complimeuts to be paid to the Lords Justices . Jb. 

335 37 Feb. 1749 The soldiers of the Coldstream to be fiuniahed with red 

breeches ........... ib. 

£36 10 Mar. 1749 Men to be provided with brown clolb gaiters . , . . ib. 

337 77 June, 1749 "Officers to wear boots when the men wear brown gaiters" . ib. 

ne 4. Inly, 1749 Officers on duty to wear buff-colonred waistcoats and bteechea ib. 

■«9 I July, I7,il Warrant for regulating the colours, clothing, *ic. of the ca- 
valry iind infantry iM 



CONTENTS. XIX 

VO. DATl. PAGE. 

7 Nor. 1754 After Midsummer, Dmm-majorg not to pay for their clothes 356 
15 Apr. 1756 Route for the first bstt. of the Coldstresm to the Isle of Wight i b. 

6 Msy, 1756 Fresh route for the Isle of Wight. Orders for the men to en- 
camp each night on their march ib. 

8 Oct. 1756 Route for the first battalion of the Coldstream from the Isle 
of Wight to London 357 

Oct. 1756 Contingent account of the first battalion from May to October 356 
. . . 1756 Account of losses sustained by the first battalion of the Cold- 
stream on the coast of France 359 

S3 Jan. 1759 The brown gaiters to be immediately blackened and tops put 

on them 360 

53 July, 1760 Order for the second battalions of the three regiments of 
Guards to embark for Germany ib. 

54 July, 1760 Route for the second battalion of the Coldstream to march to 

Dartford prior to embarkation ib. 

539 SI June, 1761 Officers to attend the exercise of two guns attached to each 

battalion ib. 

540 S7 Feb. 1763 Second battalion of the Coldstream to disembark and march 

to Sudbury, Layenham, &c ib. 

841 28 Feb. 1763 Second battalion of the Coldstream to march from Sudbury to 

London ib. 

94S 25 May, 1772 Captain- Lieutenants of cavalry and infantry regiments ** to 

bear and take the rank of Captain ** 361 

943 5 July, 1784 Report on the accoutrements of the Foot Guards and infantry ib. 

S44 19 Apr. 1793 Light-infantry companies first appointed to the Guards . . 363 

945 24 Aug. 1793 Letter from Mr. Long to the Secretary at War relative to the 

table at St. James's 364 

946 4 Dec. 1793 LeUer from Do. to Do. relative to Do ib. 

947 23 Mar. 1794 Letter from Mr. Gorton to George Rose, Esq. relative to Do. 365 

948 3 June, 1794 Letter from Mr. Long to the Secretary at War relative to Do. ib. 

949 . . Regulations for the table at St. James's ib. 

250 27 July, 1813 Appointment of Colour Serjeants from 25th June . 367 
250* 24 July, 1814 General Officers of the Guards removed from their regimen- 
tal commissions 368 

251 29 July, 1815 The Ensigns of the Foot Guards to have the rank of Lieuts. . ib. 

252 . . Actual cost of the state-clothing of the band to 1815 . . ib. 

253 .. . Uniform ofthe Coldstream from 1793 to 1832 . . .369 

254 1792 Non-commissioned officers appointed to commissions . . 370 
955 1797 Non-commissioned Officers' fund 372 

256 1783 Nulli Secundus 373 

257 Establishmentof the regiment 23rd July, 1655 . 378 
256 „ ,. „ „ 15th October, 1655 . 379 
259 „ „ „ „ 21st December, 1657 . 380 

960 „ „ „ „ 27th February. 16^ . 381 

961 „ , 26th January, 16Sf . . 382 

268 ..,.»..> 26th September, 1668 . 383 

263 „ „ M ,. Ist January, 16ig . 384 

264 ., 1st January, 168J . 385 

265 „ Ist May. 1689 . 387 

266 ,, ,, ,, M 1695, and abstract of oflT-reck- 

ings 389 

267 „ 26th March, 1699 . 392 

968 „ „ „ „ i*4thJune, 1713 . 393 

269 „ , 25th May, 1797 . 39» 

270 ,, „ „ ,, 25th June, 1806 . 396 



XX CONTENTS. 

NO. 'ACK. 

971 Genenil Establishment from 1650 to 18S3 396 

27S Variations in the pay of the army from 16d4 405 

273 Stations from 1650 to 183;^ 413 

274 List ofOfficers 1650 to 1651 451 

275 „ „ „ 30th July, 1659 ib. 

276 ,. „ M iSthAugast, 1660 ib. 

277 „„,... . 1661 452 

278 „ „ „ February, 16^ ib. 

279 M f> f> November, 1687 453 

280 „ ., „ March, 1702 ib. 

281 „ „ „ 11th January, 17^| 454 

282 „ „ „ 20th June, 1727 455 

283 „ „ „ July, 1739 456 

284 „ „ „ February, 1754 457 

285 Coldstream roll 456 



CORRIGENDA. 

▼OL. I. 

Page 40, line 4, and p. 45, line 1,— for ' Mohum Castle ' read ' Mochnim Castle.' 

325. The first battalion of the Guards do not appear to have sustained 

much loss at Malplaquet; the second battalion, in which 
were the six. companies of the Coldstream, had the four offi- 
cers named killed, and Capt. Borrett and Ensign Stocker 
wounded, as well as Captain Gould (First regiment) killed. 

, note. — For 'Serjeant Hall, of the battalion serving under the Duke of 

Marlborough,' read ' Serjeant Hall of the battalion of the 
Coldstream.' 

408, note. — Capt. Wynch died February 1762, in Germany. 

VOL. II. 

391, Appendix. — ^The (0) where the asterisk is placed should have been 

a dot (.). 

419, Appendix. Stations. — ^April, 1709. Two companies of the Cold- 
stream, Lieut. -Colonels Rivett*s and Bethell's (former Gre- 
nadiers) ordered to join the detachment in Flanders. (Sailed 
from Harwich 6th, and disembarked at Ostend 7th May.) 

454, Sir Tristram Dillington, for • Oct. 1709' read * . . 1710.' 

Lieut. Thomas Serjeant, for * „ May 1713' read ' . May 1713.' 



467, No. 189, *Col. Stevenage died in October 1709.' 
480, No. 404, for *Colquhon' read < Colquhoun.' 

484, No. 480, Charles Rainsford, Lieut., for '29 June 175f ' read '29 Jan. 
175f.' 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES 



OF 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



CHAPTER I. 



Clinton appointed Commander-in-Chief in America — British eva- 
cuate Philadelphia — Battle of Freehold Court-House — Clinton 
reaches Sandy Hook — Embarks for New York — Guards with 
other troops embark for the Capes of Virginia — Land at Glebe — 
Fort and ships destroyed — Stores and provisions taken from the 
enemy — Forces embark for New York — Guards, joined by 
troops from Virj^nia, sail up North River — Morgan lands — Clin- 
ton disembarks at Stoney Point — Fort La Fayette surrenders — 
Guards embark for Newhaven — Garth disembarks — ^Town taken 
— Vessels, artillery, and stores destroyed — Army marches 
through Fairfield — Shipping, stores, and town burnt — ^Troops 
re-embark — Land at Norwalk and Greenfield ; both places de- 
stroyed — English return to New York — Guards formed part of 
the garrison during the winter — Clinton embarks at Sandy 
Hook to reduce South Carolina — Lord Stirling attempts to 
take Staten Island — Flank companies of the Guards, a few 
guns, some Hessians, and mounted Yagers, march for Young^s • 
house — Young's house taken — Arnold, the American General, 
carries on a secret correspondence — Major Andr^ tried as a spy 

VOL. II. A 



2 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OK 

and hBDged>— Array crosses Ilie Catawbii^-Guarda disIioguUh 
tht-maelves — Americans rcliirii to North Carolina — Cornwallii 
attacks the enemy's lines at Guildford Coiirt-House — Ame- 
ricana retreat in good order — Brilishmove towards Wilmington — 
Cornwallia reaches Pelersburg, crosses Ihe Roanoke, Meherrin, 
and Nottaway rivers — Army reinforced mnrclies through Hano- 
ver country — Cornwallia defeats La Fayette — Crosses James 
River, and concentrates ia York Town — Washington moves 
to White Plains — Joined by the French from Rhode Island — 
Arnold destroys New London— York Town invested — Cornwallis 
surrenders — Carleton aucceeda Clinton in command — Ratilicalion 
of peace — Thirteen provinces declared independent — Relurns 
of the officers who aerved in America. 




SiK Henry Clinton was now appointed to the chief 
commaDd : this brave, zealous, and accomplished officer 
had gained great credit by his services during the seven 
years' war, and by his gallantry at Bunker's Hill: he, 
however, was so circumstanced in America, that he was 
able to add but httle to his reputation by hie efforts in that 
country. He arrived at Philadelphia early in May. On 
his march through the Jerseys, the troops were encum- 
bered with an enormous quantity of baggage ; all the 
bridges were destroyed, and the enemy followed close in 
their rear. 

The British army quitted Philadelphia on the eighteenth 
of June, and crossed the Delaware. Clinton approached 
the coast, to avoid crosing the Rariton. On the twenty- 
eeventh he encamped near Freehold Court-house, in the 
county of Monmouth. At eight o'clock next day he had 
descended from the adjoining heights, with the intention of 
continuing his retreat, when two columns of the enemy 
were seen moving on both his flanks. Clinton attempted 
to bring on a general action, and prepared for an imme- 
diate attack ; but before it could be carried into execution, 
the Provincials retired, and posted themselves on a rising 



THE COLDSTREAM GtARUS. -i 

ground which they had previously occupied. They were ""'■ 
now iotreached ; and as the baggage obstructed the Eng- 
lish, it became requisite that some decisive step should be 
taken to prevent its capture. Chnton quickly made his 
arrangements. The grenadiers with tlieir lefl rested on 
the village of Freehold, the Guards were stationed on the 
right of the grenadiers, and commenced the attack with 
such spirit, that the enemy were put to flight. The Pro- 
vincials were strongly posted in their second hne. Not- 
withstanding the excessive heat and great fatigue the 
troops had already undergone, this second line was also 
attacked, and, after considerable resistance, broken by a 
steady and intrepid charge. The enemy, thrown into 
complete disorder, fled in all directions. At this moment 
Washington came up with fresh troops, whom he ju- 
diciously posted behind a ravine ; and by his arrival pro- 
bably saved his advanced corps from destruction.' The 
loss of the Americans, which exceeded that of the British, 
amounted to three hundred and sixty-one men, including 
officers. Colonel Trelawney of the Coldstream, and Cap- 
tain Bellew of the First Guards, were wounded. No sepa- 
rate return was made of the loss in men. Sir Henry 
Clinton continued his march till the ba^age reached 

' " The Briliah Grenadiers with their lefl lo Ihe village of 
" Freehold, anil the Guards on the right of the Grenadiers, be- 
" (Mi the altack nitb such ipirit that the enemy gave way im- 
" mediately. The second line if the enemj stood the attack, and 
" with greater obstinacy, but were completely ronted- It would 
*' be snfficient hoDOtir to the troops barely to say, that lliey 
" forced a corps, as I am informed, of near twelve Ihoosand 
" mei) from two strong positions; but it will. I doubt not, be i 
" considered aa doubly creditable when I mention that they did it 
" under such disadvanlagts of heat and fntigiie. that a great 
" part of those we lost fell dead as they advanced without a 
'■ wound." — Sir Willi.im Clinton's Dispatch. 



i 



OBIGIN A\D SERVICES OF 



■n. Sawly Hook., wbea all spprebensions for its safety were at 

■a end. At tbis place the army embarked, and landed tbe 

Ml 3<k. awDe day at \e<r YoHc. 

nrSk Om the fiAfa of May the grenadiers and light infantry of 

^''" Ae Goards, commanded by Colonel Garth, the Forty- 



a He^an regiment, the Royal Volunteers of Ire- 
laad, utd detachments amounting to eighteen hundred men, 
tailed from New York under Brigadier-General Mathew, 
tUj fcfc, and entered (he Capes of Virginia. 

The p>vemment of ^'i^ginia had established a marine 
yard at Gosport. and a quantity of timber was collected for 
building ships. To defend the j'ard and docks adjoining, 
a fort was constructed on the banks of tbe river, half a 
mile below Portsmotith, which the comoianders of the ex- 
U*.i wOl. pedition proposed to oci-upy. Tlie troops landed at Gfebe, 
three miles below the fort, with the intention of storming 
it next morning. The second dimion was put on shore in 
the evening; afterwards tlie troops ad\Tinced, when the 
enemy, to avoid being surrounded, retreated, leaving the 
fort to General Mathew, who posted his men in a strong 
position between Portsmouth and the south branch of 
Elizabeth River, The Guards took possession of Suffolk, 
the magazines, and stores. Detachments were sent to Nor- 
folk and Gosport; all the vessels that remained in the 
» river were taken, with naval and military stores, merchan- 

dise and provisions in great abundance. The fort was de- 
molished, and the marine yard with all the timber burnt. 
Mai Mih The troops re-embarked, and returned to New York, The 
M«y ifth, loss of property sustained by the Provincials exceeded half 
a million. The vessels taken and destroyed amounted to 

Lone hundred and thirty-seven. 
Preparations were made by Sir Henry Clinton, before 
the return of the expedition, to attack two forts sixty miles 
above New York, on Hudson's River. Tbe Guards, with 



I 



THE coldstheam guards. o 

other detachments from the array, embarked, and weie 
juined by the transports from Virginia. This force sailed 
up North River; part uDder Major-General Morgan 
landed a few miles below Fort La Fayette, Sir Henry 
Clinton proceeded to Stoney Point, wherehe disembarked: 
this was a position, from its elevation, of considerable 
strength; but being in an un6nished state, it was aban- 
doned on the approach of the fleet. In the evening the 
troops were landed, with a few heavy guns, which were 
dragged up the hill during the night. About five o'clock 
next morning a fire opened from the top of Stoney Point 
on La Fayette, a small but strong fort on the opposite side 
of the river: this cannonade, the investment by land, and 
the attack from the vessels in the river, obliged the garri- 
son to surrender. Orders were given to complete the for- 
tifications at Stoney Point, troops were left for the de- 
fence of the forts, and the fleet dropped down to New 
York. 

In July two thousand six hundred men under General 
Tryon, with the flank companies of the Guards, embarked 
for Newhaven, and sailed on the third. Before reaching 
that place, Brigadier-General Garth of the Guards disem- J 
barked with the first division of these troops. The inha- 
bitants collected in great strength to oppose a march of 
seven miles, which he was obliged to make to avoid a 
creek. In defiance of an obstinate defence and increasing 
numbers, be forced his way and took possession of the 
town. Major-General Tryon with the remainder of the 
troops landed on the other side, to secure a fort on the 
high ^i)und which commanded the harbour. Garth re- 
mained in Newhaven that night, and destroyed all the 
public stores and artillery in the town, and the vessels in the 
harbour ; but, much to his credit, private property was far 
more respected than the towns-people had a right to expect. 




ORllilN AND SF-ItVKES OK 
17T!'. after thdr irritating opposition ou the preceding day, and 
their unwarrantable conduct during the time the troops 
had possession of the place. The casualties in the Guarda 
were, Adjutant Campbell killed, Captain Parker wounded, 
one rank and file killed, one Serjeant, nine rank and file 
wounded, and fourteen missing. 

The army next [Proceeded to Fairfield, where the in- 
habitants proved even more hostile than at Newhaven. 
July aib. Here it was determined to make an example, forbearance 
at the latter place having produced no etFect. The pub- 
lic stores of every description, the shipping, and even the 
town itself, were reduced to ashes. 

The troops re-embarked ; and the same scenes of devas- 
Julj mh, tation toot place on their landing at Norwalk and Greenfield. 
The English, after this, fell down the river to New York.' 
The loss of the Guards at Fairfield was four rank and file 
killed, one serjeant, ten rank and file wounded, and two 
missing. At Norwalk they lost one rank and file wounded. 
Derembcr. Sir Henry Clinton and a large force embarked at Sandy 
Hook on the twenty-sixth of December, with the intention 
of taking Charlestown and reducing the province of South 
Carolina ; leaving in New York a garnson, of which the 
Guards formed a part, under the command of Lieutenant- 
General Knyphausen. 
i7Bn. This winter, the severest ever remembered in America, 

.miuury. pggg^ without any event of importance, except an attempt 
made by Lord Stirling, the American General, about the 
middle of the raontli, to tuke Staten Island. After march- 
ing over the ice from the Jersey side, a small post was 
surprised by him, from which, however, he shortly retreated 
with some loss. 



' The British lost in this short expedition, which iMted niii 
dnys, tweniy killed, ninely-Rix wouiiilcd, and Ihirly-two niisiittg. 



THE COLDSTREAJl UltARUS. 



At Yo 



iH. 



ouse, II 
establis 



the y 



y of White Plains, the 



I 



e vicinity o 

a post, nhich intercepted the "'""'"'• 
communicatioii end the passage of cattle and provisions 
intended for tlie supply of New York, It was considered 
expedient to dislodge the enemy, who were there filrougly 
fortified, and amounted to three h^lod^ed men. The post 
in question was not more than twenty miles fix>m the ad- 
vance of the Royal army. The rivers were all frozen. A 
communication was made through Major-General Mathew 
to the Honourable Lieutenant- Colonel Norton of the Cold- 
stream, directing a detachment to be sent to Young's 
House on sledges; but Lieutenant- Colonel Norton having 
convinced General Mathew that the sledges would not 
answer, he was desired to proceed, or not, according to 
circumstances, and to use his own discretion. 

In the evening of the second of February, Colonel Febmur. 
Norton set out with four flank companies of the Guards, 
two companies of Hessians, a few Yagers, some of them 
mounted, and two ihree-pounders. This detachment 
marched across the country by the most, unfrequented 
tracts, to avoid the enemy's patroles ; and at day-break F*b.3nl. 
their guides said they were still seven miles from Young's 
House. They were now much fatigued, having marched 
all night with the snow in many places two feet deep. 
The guns had been lef); behind, as the horses were unable 
to drag them on ; the detachment was tlierefore unpro- 
vided with the proper requisites for forcing the doors : 
fortunately, however, they found on their way some axes, 
and an iron crow-bar. When within two miles the ca- 
valry were ordered lo be ready to cut off the retreat of 
the men in the house, and to intercept any reinforcements 
which might be sent to their relief; but, in consequence 
of the snow, they could only draw up on an eminence nt 
some distance. As the flank companies of the Guards 



** ORIUIN AND SERVICES OF 

»*^ K^VKHCed, ft detaohment of the enemy was pereeiTed 
naicfatn^ to reinforce the post. Lieutenant-Colonel Hall's 
company aacended the hill on the right; some of the gre- 
nadiers iiiclioed to their left, when a party of the enemy 
stationed in the orchard received them with great courage. 
Colonel Pennington' of the Coldstream came up with the 
rest of the grenadiers of the Guards, and succeeded in 
currying the house. Forty men were found dead, and 
ninety made prisoners. Tlie loss sustained by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Norton's detachment was two killed and twenty- 
five wounded. 

Two days after this affair, it was thus noticed: — 

" February 5th, 1780, Head Quarters, New York. 
" His Excellency Li euten ant-General Knyphausen de- 
" sires his thanks may be given in public orders to Lieu- 
*' tenant- Colonel Norton of the Guards, for his good con- 
" duct and gallant behaviour in attacking aud forcing a 
" considerable body of rebels, advantageously posted at 
" Youth's House, in the neighbourhood of White Plains, 



' In July, 1777, this officer embarked for America in tbe Scorpion 
sloop, commanded by liia friend the Honourable John ToUe- 
msche. From some uoaccounlable caprice Pennington persiBted in 
whistling as be walked Ihe tjDarler-deck, iiotwitbs Ian ding Ibe re* 
peated remonstrances of Ibe captain. On Ibeir landing at New 
York in Seplember these officers fought a duel, when Tollemache 
was run through the body and killed. Pennington afterwards 
succeeded to the title of Muncoater. The following explanation is 
given in a note lo Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, vol. t. pHge 4S8. 
" Tbe quarrel originated in a sonnet written by Captain Penniug- 
" ton, which Captain Talmash look up as reflecting on Ibe supposed 
" wit of his lady. After firing a brace of pistols each without ef- 
" feet, they drew their swords; Captain Talmasb was run tbroiigb 
" (he heart, aud Captain Pennington received seven woumls, so 
'■ severe, that bis life was despaired of for some time.'' 



L 



I 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. if 

" on the morning of the third instant. His Excellency iTso. 
" retoms his thanks to the officers and private soldiers of 
" the different detachments employed on this service ; and 
" the General is particularly obliged to the officers and 
*' men of the West Chester Refugees for their very 
" determined behavioar upon this as well as former oc- 
" casioQs." 

During the autumn the American General Arnold, who 
commanded a large force at West Point, on the North 
River, betrayed the confidence reposed iu him by his 
party. The secret correspondence between Arnold and 
the British commander was carried on through the me- 
dium of Major Andre, an English officer, who was seized 
in disguise, when papers were found on his person which 
clearly proved every particular of the transaction. He 
was tried by a board of general officers, as a spy, and 
condemned to be hanged.' The American General has 
been censured for directing this ignominious sentence to 
be carried into execution; but doubtless Major Andre was 
well aware, when he undertook the negotiation, of the 
fate that awaited him should he fall into the hands of the 
enemy. The laws of war award to spies the punishment 
of death. It would therefore be difficult to assign a rea- 
son why Major Andre should have been exempted from 
that fate to which all others are doomed under similar 
circumstances, although the amiable qualities of the man 
rendered the individual case a subject of pecidiar com- 
miseration. The members of the court are said to have 
wept when they passed the sentence- 
On the twenty-second of March a post of the insurgents Macb. 
was taken in the Jerseys : the expedition however was 
unsuccessful, as Lieutenant- Colonel ]\Iacpherson, who 



' Tbe atDtnnet was carried into effect on tlie second v( Oclobcr. 



10 ORIGIN AND SEKVICES OF 

embarked at New York, and Lieutenant-Colonel Howard 
of the Guards, who embarked at Kingsbridge, did not 
arrive at the appointed time. Occasional incursions were 
made by Lieulcnant-General Knyphausen, who came in 
frequent contact with the advance of Washington's army, 
encamped at Moiristown. The principal action occurred 
on the twenty-third of June, at Springfield, which place 
was destroyed.' The first battalion of the brigade of 
Guards was commanded by the Honourable Lieutenant- 
Colonel Cosmo Gordon of the third Guards; and the 
second battalion by Lieutenant- Col on el Schutz of the 
Coldstream. Owing to mismanagement, the affair did 
not terminate so favourably as was anticipated. The loss 
of the Guards was: "Killed, none; wounded. Colonel 
" Cosmo Gordon, slightly; four privates wounded." 

Early in July the troops under Knyphausen returned to 
New York, and the Guards were stationed some time in 
that neighbourhood. 

On the sixteentli of October, Major-General the Honour- 



' On a report of Ibii aclion rpaching- England, a Courl-Martial 
was ordered lo assemble at New York to inquire into the con- 
duct of Lieulcnntit-Colonel Gordon, on an accusation made by 
Lteulenant-Colonel Thomas of the Firat Guards, for " not having 
" done hisdiitybefore the enemyon the Iwenty-thirdof June, 17S0." 
He was tried in August, 17S2, at New York, and " honourably ac- 
■■ quitted of the whole and eiery part of the charge exhibited 
" ngainsl him." Colonel Thomas had been previously tried at 
New York for ■' secretly aspersing the character" of Colonel 
Gordon on that occasion, and acquilted. " A mutual dislike and 
mauy acrimonious altercations " ensued in consequence, and the 
matter lerminaled in a fatal duel in Hyde Park, on the fourth of 
September, 17d3, in which Colonel Tbomai was mortally wounded, 
and died next day, Colonel Gordon was tried at the Old Bailey 
on the seventeenth of September, 1784, on a charge of wilful 
murder, and acquitted. 



k 



THE COLOS^rHEAM GUARDS. H 

able Alexander Leslie, with the Guards and a force of irao. 
three thousand m«)» sailed for the Chesapeake and disem- 
barked in Virginia. Visiting Suffolk, Hampton, Ports- 
month, and other places adjacent, they destroyed every 
thing that came within their reach. 

A detachment under the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel NoT#mUr. 
Stewart and Captain Maitland of the First Guards, also 
Captains Schutz and Eld of the Coldstream, were en- 
gaged with ^' a party of Continentals and Militia at the 
Great Bridge," and defeated them, taking four pieces of 
cannon. Late in November the Guards and troops under 
Leslie re-embarked for Charlestown, at which place they 
arrived on the thirteenth of December, and found that December, 
orders had been left for them immediately to proceed up 
the country to join Lord Comwallis. They began their 
march on the nineteenth, but did not effect their junction 
till the eighteenth of January.^ Jannary. 

On the first of February Lord Comwallis forded the February. 
Catawba, a deep and rapid river, in iace of the enemy. 
The passage was gallantly led by the brigade of Guards 
under Brigadier-General O'Hara of the Coldstream: 
these troops crossed with the greatest steadiness, and, 
although exposed to a galling fire, reserved theirs till they 
reached the opposite bank. The light iniantry of the 
Guards, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Hall, first entered the 
water; they were successively followed by the grenadiers. 



' Extract of a letter from Major-General the Honourable Alex- 
ander Leslie to Sir Heiuy Clinton, dated Camden, eighth of 
January, 1781. ** I arriTed here some days ago with the Guards* 
'* regiment of Bose, and Yagers. I went to Wynnesborough to see 
*' Lord Comwallis ; he moves this day, and I march to-mor- 
row with the above troops and North Carolina regiment. I meet 
his Lordship about seventy miles from hence." — American MSS. 
Royal Institution. 



« 



•• 



IS ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

DM, tt« reminder of the battalion, and Lord Cornwallis's 
drmoii. Lieutenant-Colonel Hall of the Third Guards, 
and Bcven rank and file, were killed; six Serjeants, and 
fiftv-seven rank and file, wounded. 

The Americans returned to the province of North Caro- 
lina, ajid, having greatly augmented their forces,' took up 
a strong position, 
r. LMh. At day-light on the fifteenth of March Lord Cornwallie 
with a very inferior force attacked the American army 
while dtawn up within their lines at Guildford Court- 
House. Af^er a eharp skirmish the advance, consisting 
of the cavalry, the light infantry of the Guards, and the 
Yagers under Lieutenant -Co Ion el Tarleton, obliged the 
eaemy to retire. In the centre of their first line was an 
open space, both flanks extended to the woods, in which 
infantry were posted behind the fences. Their second 
line was about three hundred yards in rear of the first. 
Two brigades of the enemy also were formed in some 
open ground near the Court-House, about four hundred 
paces in rear of the second line. A corps of observation 
was posted on the right flank, under Colonel Washington, 
consisting of the First and Third Dragoons, a detachment 
of light infantr)-, and a corps of riflemen. Colonel Lee 
with a detachment was placed by the American com- 
mander for the protection of the left. 

Whilst preparations were being made, a fire opened in 

' " Evccoded seven thousand men," — Lord Cornwallia's Dis- 

The British atnounled to one tLousond four hundred and forty- 
five, including cavalry. 

In Gordon's Hialory he ninkea from official documents, the 
number of the Atnericftiis amount lo fourteen hundred and ninetj 
conlineutRia, two thoiisnnd seven hundred and filly-Ihree raililia, 
and two hundred cnvalry. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



13 



I 
I 



I 



the Centre from two of the enemy's guns ' placed in the 
road. The attack on the right, under cover of a can- 
nonade, was led by the Seventy-first, with the regiment 
of Bose, supported by tlie first battahon of the Guards. 
Od the left the Twenty-third and Thirty-third regiments 
were supported by the grenadier and second battahon of 
Guards. The hght infantry of the Guards and Yagers 
were posted in the wood on the left of the artillery, and 
behind them the cavalry were stationed, in order to take 
advantage of any circumstances that might occur. The 
troops advanced with steadiness and resolution across the 
plain. At about one hundred and forty yards the enemy 
opened their fire, but the British still moved on in perfect 
order, reserving theirs till the word of command was given ; 
after which they charged. The enemy did not await the 
shock, but retreated behind the second line, which made 
more resistance, and kept up a brisk fire that did great 
execution; but this hne at length gave way. Owing to 
the extent of the American position, the reserves were 
brought forward, and the first battalion of Guards^ imme- 
diately formed on the right. The Thirty-third regiment 
being exposed to a gallina fire, and outflanked, moved to 
the left, when the interval was immediately filled by the 
grenadiers, the second battalion of the Guards and Yagers. 
In consequence of this extension of the British front so 
much to the right and left, broken intervals appeared 
during the pursuit of the enemy's first and second lines. 
The whole, however, kept advancing, notwithstanding 

' " The cannon fired on us whilst we were forming, from the 
" centra of the line of militia, bul were withdrawn by the Conli- 
" BeDlali before tbe altauk."— Lord Cornwailis's Dispatch. 

' " Were warmly engngcd in front, flank, and rear, with 
" •ome of tbe enemy that had been routed on the first attack.'' — 
Lord Cornwallis'a Dis|ialcli. 



I 



I 



14 ORIGIN AND StRVICES OF 

many impediment front the inequality of the ground, the 
thickness of the wood, and an obstinate resistance. The 
aecond battahon of Guards first gained the open space at 
Guildford Court-House, and " glowing with impatience 
to signalize themselves," ' attacked the Americans, though 
greatly superior to themselves in number, quickly routed 
them, and took two six-pounders. Unfortunately, how- 
ever, whilst in the ardour of pursuit and in some conse- 
quent confusion, they received a destructive fire from a 
body of Provincials, and being charged by Washington's 
dragoons, were driven back with much slaughter, and lost 
the two guns which they had previously captured. The 
artillery then came up, and opened a fire which checked 
the pursuit of the Americans. The Seventy-first and 
Twenty-third regiments at the same time penetrated 
through the wood. General O'Hara quickly raUied the 
second battalion of Guards, when the enemy were again 
defeated and the two guns retaken.- The Americans then 
commenced their retreat; which was conducted with great 
r^ularity. Two regiments which, with the cavalry, had 
been sent in pursuit of the enemy, were recalled. 

The casualties in the brigade of Guards were, the 
Honourable Lieutenant-Colonet Stewart, eight Serjeants 
and twenty-eight rank and file, killed. Brigadier- Gene- 
rals O'Hara and Howard, Captains Swanton, Schutz, 
Honourable William Maynard, Goodricke, Lord Dunglass, 

' Lord Cornwallis's Dispatch. 

' " The gallantry of Brigadier- General O'Hftra meriti my 
" highest comTDendation, for, after receiving; t<vo dan^roni 
" wounds, he conliniied on (he lield while the action lasted ; hf 
" bii earnest attention on all other occasions, seconded by the 
" officers and soldiers of his Majestj^'s Guards, who are no less 
" dislingnished by their order and discipline than by their spirit 
" and valour." — Extract from Lord CornnalHs's Dispatch. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



15 



I 

I 

I 



Maitland and Stuart. Adjutant Colquhoun; two Bcrjeants, 
two drummers, one hundred and forty-three rank &iid file, 
wounded ; twenty-two missing. Captains Schutz, the Ho- 
nourable William Maynard and Lord Dunglass, of the 
Coldstream, and Captain Goodricke of the First, died of 
their wounds. 

General Green, the American commander, who bad 
drawn off his army and retired in good order, took post 
behind a river three miles from the scene of action. 

The English General was not in a condition to follow up 
his success, and was obliged to direct bis march towards 
Wilmington, to supply his army with the requisite neces- 
saries.' 

It having been determined to carry the war into the 
Southern Colonies, the troops under Lord Cornwallis ar- 
rived at Petersburg on the twentieth of May: they then 
crossed the Roanoke, Meberrin, and Nottaway rivers, on 
their route, with but little opposition. Here they found 
detachments under the command of Generals Phillips and 
Arnold, the latter having deserted the insurgents. 

Lord Comwalhs, being considerably reinforced, crossed 
James River at Westovcr on the twenty-fourth, and 
marched through Hanover County. 

At Williamsburg he received dispatches from Sir Henry 
Clinton, acquainting him that New York was in great 



■ Extract of a letter from Lord Cornwallis lo Sir Henry Clinton, 
dated Camp near Wilmington, tenth of April, 17B1. At Guild- 
ford " our force wns tSCO infantry rank and Sle, and about 200 
" cavalry. A third of my army skk and nounded, which 1 naa 
" obliged to carry in waggons or oti horseback, the remainder 
" without shoes, and worn down with fatigue ; 1 thought it was time 
" to look for some place of re«t and refitment." — Americao MSS. 
Royal Institution. 




16 



ORIGIN AXD SERVICES OF 



I 



danger,' and desiring that part of his forces might be sent 
to join him without loss of time. Cornwallis prepared to 
comply with the order ; and as it was impossible to remain 
longer at Williamsburg with so small a force, determined 
to pass James River and retire to Portsmouth. He there- 

I- fore marched from Williamsburg, and took up a position 
which covered the ford to the island of James Town, where 
the Queen's Rangers, witlt the carriages and baggage, 
crossed. La Fayette, under the impression that the main 
body of the troops had passed, advanced by forced marches 

. in hopes of falling on his rear-guard. To strengthen this 
supposition, Cornwallis, already informed of his approach, 
ordered the piquets in case of attack to retire. La Fayette 
having crossed a morass with about fifteen hundred Ame- 
ricans and some artillery, formed in front of the British 
position. The English then advanced in two lines, and 
after a sharp contest succeeded in taking the enemy's 
cannon. The Americans fled in great confusion; and had 
not the day closed, probably the whole detachment would 
have been destroyed. 

Cornwallis then passed James River, and forwarded 
the troops intended for embarkation to Portsmouth. On 
reaching that place it was found by no means a desirable 
post; he therefore left it, and on the twenty-second of 
August concentrated his force in York Town and Glouces- 
ter; which he fortified, being the only places capable of 
affording protection to ships of the line. 

Washington had long projected an attack on New York, 
and Clinton had reason to suppose this plan was finally 
settled. In June Washington marched to White Plains, 



' The information was discovered ii 
by Waahinglon to llie Congress. 




THE CULDSTHEAAI GUARDS. 17 



1 



and iras joined on the sisth of July by Count Rocham- 
beau, with the French troops from Rhode Island. In the 
middle of August dispatches arrived from the Count de 
Grasse, which informed the two commanders that he 
should enter the Chesapeak witli his deet towards the end 
of the month. The American and French generals deter- 
mined to attack Lord Comwallis, and communicated their 
inteotions to the Count de Grasse, tliat he might be aware 
of them on his passage. Every artifice was tried to de- 
ceive Sir Henry Chnton with regard to this project. 

In the mean time Arnold had taken and destroyed New Scpiunbei. 
London, putting to death all the troops which had de- 
fended it. The attack on New London did not make any 
alteration in the plans of the combiued French and Ame- 
rican forces, who marched through Philadelphia, and pro- 
ceeded to the Elk River, at the point of its confluence with 
the Chesapeak, where transports were waiting to receive 
them. On the twenty-fifth of September they landed at 
Williamsburg, and were joined by La Fayette and St. 
Simon. They left Williamsburg at the end of the month, SeptT^ 
and encamped near ^'ork Town. 

Next day dispatches arrived fiwm Sir Henry Clinton, Sept. j9Ui. 
dated the twenty-fourth of September, informing Lord ^^J 
Comwallis that upwards of five thousand troops and a ^^H 
fleet of twenty-three sail of the line would leave New ^J 
York by the fifth of October. Comwallis, under the im- 
pression that he could hold both York Town and Gloucester 
till the promised reinforcements arrived, withdrew during sepi. soUi. 
the night from the out-works, which were occupied by the 
enemy, who proceeded regularly to invest York Town, and 
immediately broke ground. The first parallel was opened Ociobst. 
on the sixth of October, at the distance of about a quarter 
of a mile. From the ninth their batteries kept up a con- 
stant cannonade, which caused much damage to the un- 



I 



Scplunbei. 



18 



ORIGIN' AND SERVICES OK 



finished works. During the night of the eleventh, Wj 
second parallel was opened by the enemy within three ] 
hundred yards of the works: to retard their progress the 
garrison kept up an incessant lire, and caused a severe loss. 
Two redoubts erected in front particularly annoyed the 
assailants; but on tlie night of the fourteenth they were 
carried by storm, one by the French, the other by the 
Americana, in the true spirit of emulation, Sicknees, and 
the shot of the besiegers, caused the British to suffer 
much. A sortie was made with two hundred and fifty 
men under Lieutenant-Colonel Abercrombie, with the hope 
of impeding the formation of the second parallel, against 
which it was evident the new works on the left could not 
stand long, as the guns had been already silenL'ed. This 
force, composed of detachments from llie Guards and gre- 
nadiers of the Eightieth regiment, under Lieutenant- Colonel 
Lake of the Guards, with some light infantry under Major 
Armstrong, was ordered to carry the two batteries that 
appeared in the greatest state of forwardness. They suc- 

. ceeded in forcing the redoubts, spiked eleven heavy guns, 
killed and wounded about a hundred of the French tvoopa 
who guarded them, and returned within their lines, having 
sustained only a trifling loss. The enemy, however, 
carried on their advances with such activity, that they 
mounted one hundred pieces of ordnance in battery, which 
effectually prevented the British from showing a single 
gnn. CornwaUis, reduced to extremity, attempted to pass 

. the garrison over to Gloucester Point; for which purpose 
the greatest pait of the Guards, and some of the Twenty- 
third regiment, were actually embarked and had reached 
the Gloucester side of the river; but a violent storm at 
midnight prevented this plan from being put into execu- 
tion. From the dilapidated state of the works, httle 
hopes of successful resistance could be entertained, and 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 19 

the only alternative then left to the English commander i78i. 
was to ca|Htulatey or to consign the brave men that re- 
mained to inevitable destruction, should an assault take 
place. 

Terms of capitulation were granted, on condition of his Oct. isth. 
surrendering himself and the forces under his command 
prisoners of war. Next day York and Gloucester were 
taken possession of by General Washington. 

The hostile army consisted of seven thousand French, 
the same number of Continentals, and about five thousand 
militia. 

During the siege the Guards had one Serjeant, three 
rank and file killed, and the Honourable Major Cochrane, 
late of the First Guards, acting aid-de-camp to the Earl 
of Comwallis; one seijeant, twenty-one rank and file 
wounded ; three Ueutenant-colonels, twelve captains, 
one ensign, two adjutants, one quarter-master, one 
surgeon, three mates, twenty-five Serjeants, twelve 
drummers, four hundred and sixty-five rank and file 
surrendered prisoners, and were sent to Lancaster^ in 
Pennsylvania. 

The few men of the Guards who " escaped captivity^' 
at York Town joined Major-General Leslie in South 
Carolina, under the conunand of Captain Swanton of the 



' Od the twenty -seventh of May, 17d2, Captain Asgill of the 
First Guards was closely imprisoned, and removed from Lancaster 
to Chatham loaded with chains, and threatened with death, on the 
plea of retaliation for the recent execution of Captain Joshua 
Haddy, an American officer. A gallows of unusual height was 
erected in sight of his prison-window, placarded with these words 
-^^ For the execution of Captain Asgill." He continued in con- 
finement till the thirteenth of November, when he was released by 
an order from the Congress at the request of Count Vergennes, 
the Minister of France. He made all haste to New York, but. 



20 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1781. Third Guards, and were afterwards sent by Sir Henrj 
Clinton's orders from Charlestown to New York. 

Clinton had made arrangements to embark with about 
seven thousand men, having previously sent to acquaint 
Lord Comwallis that he hoped the fleet would leave UTew 
York on the fifth of October. Unfortunately it did nol 
sail till the nineteenth, the day Lord Comwallis sur* 
rendered. Clinton put to sea, determined to make the 
most vigorous efforts for the relief of Comwallis, and was 
confident of success. The mortification he expeneoced on 
Oct. f4tli. arriving off the Capes of Virginia may be conceived, whom 
he received intelligence which induced him to believe 
Comwallis had capitulated. Convinced that his informat 
tion was correct, and knowing the French ^ fleet exceeded 
the British, he decided on returning to New York, as the 
relief of York Town and Gloucester had been his only 
object. 
1789. General Carleton succeeded Sir Henry Clinton in the 

finding the Swallow packet bad just sailed, got a boat aadovertCMk 
her four leagues from the shore, haviug left his servant aa4 
all bis property behind. 

" Return of the Brigade of Guards prisoners with the enemy. 
" New York, 4^^ December, 1782. 



Serjeants. 


Drummers. 


Rank and File. 


Total. 


8 
4 
2 


3 
3 
2 


162 
108 
103 


163 
115 
107 


14 


1 8 


363 


385 



First regiment 
Coldstream do. 
Third do. 

Total 

Jn. W. T. Watson, 
L^-Col. Comr Brigade of Guards. 

' The British fleet consisted of twenty ships of the line, two 
fifty-gun ships, and eight frigates. The French amounted to 
thirty-six sail of the line, not including frigates. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 21 

chief command, from which time hostilities ceased, and no iras. 
event worthy of notice occurred between the hostile armies 
in the vicinity of New York. 

Negociations then terminated an ill-conducted and dis- 
astrous war, of which the entire odium was thrown on the 
Court by a faction that in this country excited and en- 
couraged the Colonists to appeal to arms. Had the Ad- 
ministration of that day permitted the Provincials to work 
their way to independence by the sure but more insidious 
process of assembling a Parliament of their own, under 
the specious pretence of taxing themselves, there can be 
little doubt that the same faction would have ascribed the 
loss of America to a want of political foresight in the 
King and his advisers. Whenever a Colony has acquired 
sufficient strength to establish its independence, it may be 
expected to do so, as the grown-up son withdraws himself 
from the control of his father; but the period of colonial 
maturity is not easily defined, and the symptoms must be 
more strongly marked than they were in the instance of 
North America to justify a Government, bound to protect 
the rights of the mother country, in tamely relinquishing 
her dominion without a struggle. To judge fairly of the 
difficult and distressing situation in which the Court was 
placed, it is necessary to recollect that a strong opposing 
party at home was on the watch to attach blame, what- 
ever course had been adopted ; and that in point of fact 
the Colonists, far from presenting the means of successful 
insurrection, were only torn from England by the inter- 
vention of France, Holland, and Spain. 

Conditional articles of peace were ratified between Nov. dotb. 
Great Britain, France, Spain, and America, when the 
thirteen provinces were declared independent. 

On the twentieth of January the preliminary articles of January. 



I 



22 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



t7B3. peace witli France were signed ; those with America were 
to take effect from the liaruc date. 

The first detachment; of the Guards arrived from Noitli 
America in the Adamant, disembarked in January, sod 
joined their respective regiments. 
.lunebiL. The detuchment of the Coldstream " which came from 
captivity" under Lord Comwallis, embarked at New 
York on board the Jason and other vessels. They landed 
July, at Portsmouth in the bc<pi)ning of July, and marched to 
join their regiments in London.' 



' Kvlurii of the Guards in America, consisting of ten coropaniei 
ill twu I>ntta1iuiis, fruiii tbeir erobarkattun in April, 1770, till 
their Tctiini in 17113. 



























JJ 


9 . 


« 




3 








1 


io 


"-2 

If 


^ 


i* 


1 










A 




s 


t- 


0[» Ualcd 'J!Hli April, 177i-. 




i^ 


_- 


~^ 


999 






tiu 


.. »M. 


I'lHierSi'rWi. Howe ' 






56 


900 






996 


Aug. 1777 




t: 




61 


B(J7 


im 


J 


1109 












9)!4 




» 


1103 


! dnled istilet'.' 177!> 


L «iV,T Sir |7. Cliatoa 






ui 




itk 


SB 


llIB 


April. 17ai» 




M 


IG 


6i 


777 


ISO 


» 


11(8 


AuK"-! 






-16 


&i 


T9i 




110 


1103 


.. Drlohi-r 






18 


« 


773 


9a 


tM 


1103 


.. iMh Nov. 






it 




Kit 


3B 


141 


I ins 


., Her. 






15 




(tw 


« 


IM 


1103 


.Iul>-, 1781 






Si 


« 


Jib 


146 


IM 


1103 


.. lat Oct. 


flnJrrSir'tiuyCBVlr-l 


a 


IS 


« 


5*1 


316 


163 


1103 


, I7»' 






«3 


TBI 




SIS 


1069 


















. orHinlniirluflhi'liri- 


















«-rici.oiith..lstol".MBreh. 
(W 




J 




^ 


tw 





















Tim 



ii 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



•■ Embulnitioii Retam of the Guirds, doted Neir 
York, 6lb Juna, 1793." 


i 


1 


f 


ii 


Ii 


g 
i 

s 


1 


Coldilrtun „ „ „ Juon and Ctmlhun 

Thiri JasoQ . . . 

ta,n „ „ on bowd tha Ljon, br a 
relDm dated New York, lath of Jaite. I7S3 

Tottl . . 


3 


B 
3 

3 


4 

3 




16 
3 

3 

IT 


5 

I 

« 



War-Office Retnnii. 



24 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

OFFICERS OF THE FIRST FOOT GUARDS WHO SERVED IN 

NORTH AMERICA. 



Lt.-Col. 



rt 



tt 



>* 



Capt. 



ft 



From 






} 



} 



Ens. 



ft 

»» 



Capt. 



Lt.-Col. 
Capt. 



tt 



Eds. 



Lt.-Col. 



Thomas Howard 

West Hyde 

Sir .Tohn Wrot- 
tesley. Bart. 
TbomHH Cox 
Thomas Gordon 

Robert Keith 

Frederick Miidan 
Hon. John Tho- 
mas de Burgh 
Nicholas Bay ley 
Charles Whit worth 

Hon. John Finch 

T. Dowdeswell 

Hon. W.H.Nassau 

Thomas Glyn 
W. Colquhoun 
A. J. Drummond 

A. Edmonstone 



George Garth 

R. H. Pye 

Hon. R. Fitzpatrick 

Patrick Bellew 



Frederick Thomas 

E. S. Frazer 

John Jones 

George Parker 

Francis Dundas 

Lord T. Pelhnm] 
Clinton, M. P., 
afterwards Earl I 
of Lincoln, and \ 
Duke of New- 
castle J 



29 April, 1776 



»» 

ff 

f* 
•« 

tt 

•• 

tt 

•• 
tt 

tt 

•• 

tt 

tt 



•f 



tt 
tt 

•« 



tt 

tt 
tt 

tt 

tt 

tt 



tt 



tt 
tt 

tt 



To 



tt 
tt 



n Sept. 1778 

May, 1779 

March, 1778 

Sept. „ 
Sept. 1776 

13 May, 1778 

25 Dec. 1779 

Sept. 1776 

Jan. 1778 



July 



»♦ 



tt 
»• 



tt 



tt 



29 Jane, 1777 
July, 1777 



tt 

tt 
tt 
tt 



tt 

tt 

»» 



r Killed on his ptssAge heme oo 
1 board the Eagle Packet, in ae- 
I tion with an American Pri? a- 
L teer. 

/To England with Dispatchaa, 
I dated nth May, 1779. 

Leare to England. 

»» tt 

Promoted : leave to England. 

r Promoted in Third Foot Guards : 

L leave to England. 
Died in America. 

Promoted : leave to England. 



tt 



tt 



tt 



Leave to England, 
r Wounded 26th, and died 29th of 
L June, at Amboy. 
Leave to England, 
r M tt Sold out, Mth 

I June, 1777. 
Promoted : leave to England. 



March, 1777 
March, 1777 



>» 



•> 



tt 



'March, 1777 

.March, 1781 
March, 1777 



Capt. Irhomas Colins 



May, 1777 

< April, 1770 
Fob. 1781 



Oct. 1777 

March, 1780 
Aug. 1779 
May, 1778 

28 June, 1778 

140ct.l780T 

Sept. 1782 
19 June, 1779 

April. 1780 

>*) Dec. 1779 

19 Oct. 17R1 
18\ov.l777T 

l5May.l780 
17 Nov. 1781 



»» 
tt 



tt 
tt 



tt 



A.D.C. to Major-General Rie- 
desel from Sept. 1776. Prisoner 
of war under the convention at 
Saratoga. To England on pa- 
role, Sept. 1779. 

Leave to England. 

Promoted : leave to England, 



{ 



»» 



tt 



tt 



J 



Aug. 1777 |lJune, 1781 



Wounded at the heights of Free- 
hold : leave to England. 
'Leave to England. Returned. 
J Commandant at James Iidand, 
] Feb. 1782. 
. Leave to England, 
r Exchanged to the 4th Foot. Ar- 

< rived with Dispatches 9 Jnly, 
I 1779. 

r " Major of Brigade.'' " Prisoner 

< with the French." "On Duty" 
L nt Home in March, 1782. 

Wounded at Newhaven, 5 July, 

1779. Leave to England. 
Surrendered prisoner of war at 

York Town. 
A.D.C. to Sir Henry Clinton. 

Leave to England: arrived 34 

Dec. 1777. 
i Ditto Ditto. Arrived with 

Dispatches, 15 June, 1780. 
Returned as Brig.-Cien. Leave 

to Kngd. Arrived 17 Dec. 1781. 
" Major of brigade to the 

Guards." Died in Virginia. 



{ 



{ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



26 



OFFICERS OF THE FIRST FOOT GUARDS WHO SERVED IN 

NORTH AMERICA.— Cmlinued. 



Capt. 



LU-Col. 



Hon. Henry Phipps 



Edmond Sterens 



>9 



John Howard, af- 1 
terwards Earl of > 



ft 



Capt. 



ft 



Suffolk 






From 



March, 1778 



15 May, 1778 



April, 1779 



John Leland 
Hon. James Stewart 



Hon. C. Cochrane 



Francis Richardson 



»t 



Lt.-Col. 



*> 



Ens. 



tt 



Richard St. George 



Augustus Maitland 

John Goodricke 
Hon. Robert Sey- 1 
mour Conway j 

Gerard Lake 



Charles Asgill 



James Perryn 



f» 



tf 



»t 



tt 



April, 1779 



March, 1781 



To 



Jan. 1779 



Sept. 1778 



14 June, 1781 

27 May, 1781 

15March,1781 
3 Sept. 1780 

Oct. 1781 



April, 1779 



AprU, 1779 



I March,1781 



April, 1779 



»» »» 



March, 1781 



ft tt 



tt tt 



tt 



Hon. G. Ludlow 



It tt 



11 tt 



19 Oct. 1781 



16 Oct. 1780 



20NOV.1782 



19 Oct. 1781 

l5March,178l 
1 Oct. 1781 

19 Oct. 1781 



tt tt tt 



tt tt tt 



»» tt tt 



Leave to England. Promoted 
to Major in 8dth Foot. 

' From Lieutenant and Captain in 
Coldstream. Taken prisoner on 
board the Eagle Packet,21 Sept. 
1778, and landed at Corunna: 
to England on per<4e in Nov. 
following. Excnanged in Not. 
1780. 

'Commanding the Brigade of 
Guards from Feb. to Dec. 1780. 
Wounded at Guildford, 15 
March, 1781. Arrived with 
Dispatches, 14 July, 1781. 

'Brigadier-Gen. Arrived with 

1 Dispatches, 23 June, 1781. 
Killed in action at Guildford. 
*' Major in Lord CaUicart's Le- 
gion." Leave to En^and : ar- 
rived 14 Oct. 1780. 
Left the First Guards 25 Jan. 

1781. Acting A. D. C. to Earl 
Comwallis. Killed at York 
Town, Oct. 1781. 

' A.D.C. to Major-Gen. Mathew. 

Brigade Major from June, 1781. 

Sarrendered prisoner of war at 
L York Town. 
A.D.C. to Sir Henry Clinton. 

Arrived with Dispatches 15 

Nov. 1780. 
Appointed Deputy-Adiut. Gen. 

in North America 5 Dec. 1780. 

Promoted to Lieut.-Col. of 70th 

Foot 3 May, 1782: arrrived in 

England in Dec. following, 
r Wounded at Guildford, 15 
< March, 1781. Surrenderen pri- 
L soner of war at York Town. 
Killed in action at Guildford. 
/ Arrived with Dispatches 3 Not. 
I 1781. 

{Surrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. 

Ditto. Closely imprisonedfirom 
27 May to 13 Nov. 1782, and 
threatened with execution. Ar- 
rived in England in Dec. fol- 
^ lowing. 
'Sarrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. Exchanged in Oct. 

1782, and embarked for Eng- 
land in Dec. 

Surrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. Sent by General 
Washington to New York with 
the account of Capt. Ascill's 
imprisonment. Embarked for 
England in Nov. 1782. 



26 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



OFFICERS OF THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS WHO SERVED IN 

NORTH AMERICA, 



Col. 



Lt.-Col. 






Capt. 



ft 



•I 
Eof. 



»> 



$t 



Deputy > 
Marsbal > 



Lt.-Col. 



Capt. 

•» 
Ens. 

tt 
»» 



Capt. 

Ens. 
Lt.-Col. 

Capt. 

Ens. 

♦» 

»» 
Lt.-CoL 

Capt. 
It 



Edward Mathew 



Harry Trelawney 

A. G. Martin 

Richard Grenrille 

J.S.Dyer, after- "| 
wards Sir John > 
Dyer, Ht. J 

G. 8. Bourne 

tldmond Stevens 

William Bosville 
rhomus Thoroton 
(Mmrles Trelnwney 
N icholas Boscawen 

Robert Wilson 



Charles O'Hara 



James Hamilton 

H. De laDouespe 

John Byron 

Hon. W. Maynard 

W. A. Vise'. Can 
tilupe.afterwds 
E. of Delaware 

L. Pennington 



■ 



W. Lord Dunglass 

William Schutz 
Hon. C. Norton 
Robert Lovelace 

William Schutz 

George Mathew 

George Eld 
George Morgan 
Henry Greville 



Charles Gould, 
afterwards 
C. Morgan, 



ould,l 

Sir I 

I, Bt. J 



From 



'iO Ap. 177<J 



tl M 

»» »» 

»» »» 

tt tt 

t» ff 

l» »» 

ft It 

»» »» 

It tt 

tt »f 



11 



Mar. 1777 



Oct. 1780 



March, 1777 
>• II 



»f »» 



July, 1777 



April, 1779 
»» »» 
»♦ »» 



It H 



It »» 



»» »» 



March, 1781 



11 It 



It It 



lo 



ii Sept. 1780 



Oct. 1778 

Jan. 1780 
July. 1777 

April, 1778 

Dec. 1776 

14 May, 1778 

May, 1777 
July 



f » 

It tt 
It tt 

Jan. ,, 
Feb. 1779 



19 Oct. 1781 



'^ Sept. 1780 
Dec. 1777 
Feb. 1778 
17 April, 1781 

April, 1778 

Nov. 1781 

12 Dec. 1781 

Jan. ,, 

March ,, 
1 Feb. „ 

21 March „ 

Dec. 1780 



19 Oct. 1781 



It It 



It It 



i» It 



tt 



It 



»• 



'Brig.-Gen. CommandiDg the 
Brigade of Guards from April, 
1776. to Feb. 1780. Appointed 
Major-Gen. 19 Feb. 1779, and 
Col. of 62nd Foot 17 Nov. fol- 
lowing. Arrived in England 
14 Oct. 1780. General and 
Com.-in-Chief of the Leeward 

^ Islands, 26 Oct. 1781. 

r Commanded the First Battalion. 

J Wounded at the Heights of 

I Freehold, 28 June, 1778. Leave 

L to England. 
Promoted : leave to England. 

Leave to England : arrived 16 Au^. 

/ >f t» Promoted in 

I First Foot Guards. 

Died at New York. 
Major of Brigade to the Guards. 
Promoted in First Foot Guards. 
Sick leave to England. 
Promoted : leave to England. 



{ 



II 



II 



II 



»> 



tl 



Appointed Adjutant to the Bri- 
gade of Guards. 

Leave to England : returned to 
take the command of the Brig. 
of Guards. Wounded at Guild- 
ford 15 Mar. 1781. Surrendered 
prisoner of war at York Town. 
Exchanged 9 Feb. 1782. Pro- 
moted to Major-Gen., and sent 
from New York to the relief of 
Jamaica in May following. 

iJeave to England : arrived 14 Oct. 

r Promoted : leave to England : 

1 arrived 18 Jan. 1778. 

I'romoted : leave to England. 

r Wounded ait Guildford, 15 Mar. 

L and died on 17 April. 



Promoted : leave to England. 

{Leave to go from Suffolk to New 
York. 16 July, and from thence 
to England. 

Wounded at Guildford, 15 Mar. 
and died in Dec. 
Leave to England. 



{ 



{ 



II rt 

Retired from the service. 
Wounded at Guildford, I5th» 
and died 21 st March. 
Leave to England. 

{Surrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. Embarked for 
England in Oct. 1782. 
r Surrendered prisoner of war at 
I York Town. 

{Surrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. Embarked for 
England on parole in Sept. 1782. 
{Surrendered prisoner ot war at 
York Town. Embarked fo 
England in June, 1782. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 

OFFICERS OF THE THIRD FOOT GUARDS WHO SERVED 

IN NORTH AMERICA. 



27 



Lt.-Col. 






Capt. 
*» 

Ens. 



Capt. 



From 



To 



>i 



Lt.-Col. 



n 



Capt. 



Ens. 
Capt. 



»» 



Ens. 

Lt..Col. 

Capt. 
Lt.-Col. 

»» 
Ens. 

*t 
Lt.-Col. 



George Ogilvie 

Sir G. Osbom, Bt. 

T. Twisleton, af- T 
terwards Lord > 
Saye and Sele J 

Cavendish Lister 

Charles Leigh 
D. D'Anvers Rich 
Edward Archer 
W. D. Faucitt 
Rohert Johnstone 

WiUiam Faucitt 



George, Viscount 1 
Chewton J 

H. Stephens 
James Murray 



J. W. T. Watson 



Charles Homeck 

George Watkins 
William Stead 

F. Rosea wen 

Sir Francis Carri 
Clerke, Bart. J 

Thomas Swanton 
George Beauclerk 

Hon. C. Gordon 

Charles Rooke 

G. Guydickens 
Francis Hall 



29 April, 1776 July, 1777 



»» 



t$ 



tf 



t» 



*t 



»» 



tt 



tt 



t* 



tt 



tt 



»r 



tt 



»» 



It 



Dec. 



July 



ti 



April, 1778 
June, 1777 
9 May 
July 



tt 



It 



March, 1777 



»* 



It 



It 



It 



ti 



II 



>i 



It 



N. Christie, af- 
terwards N. C 
Burton 

John Stuart 



'■] 



William Grinfield 



Capt. 



John Grimston 



April 

May 

r May, 1777 
I April, 1779 

Sept. 1777 



April, 1779 



2 Sept. 1780 

Dec. 1777 

March, 1779 
May, 1778 

Dec. 1782 

19 Oct. 1781 

29 Dec. 1779 
July, 1777 
April, 1782 

7 Oct. 1777 



>• 



It 



Aug. 1780 



March, 1781 



Sept. 1782 

Aug. 1778 
24Aug.l780 

Dec. 1782 

Jan. 1779 
Nov. 1780 
1 Feh. 1781 

19 Oct. 1781 

March .. 



} 



{Promoted : leave to England : 
arrived 16 Aug. 
r Muster-Master- General in A- 
l merica. Ditto. 

Leave to England. 

r Quarter-Master. Promoted : 
1 leave to England. 
Promoted : leave to England. 

It II It 

Sold out. Leave to England. 
Exchanged to 44th Foot. 
Promoted : leave to England, 
f A.D.C. to Lieut.-Gen. de Heis- 
I ter, from May, 1776, and after- 
^ wards to Major-General Knyp- 
I hausen. Promoted: leave to 
I, England. 
A.D.C. to Earl Comwallis, from 
Dec. 1775. Arrived in England 
18 Jan. 1778. Promoted in the 
Coldstream. 
Leave to England, 
r Appointed Colonel of the 77th 
L Foot : leave to England. 
A.D.C. to Sir Henry Clinton: 
afterwards Commandant of the 
"Provincial Light Infantry:" 
latterly commanding the Bri- 
gade of Guards. Ordered home. 
' Surrendered prisoner of war at 
York Town. To England on 
parole in Aug. 1782. 
Leave to England. 
Promoted : leave to England. 
Died at sea 18 April, 
r A.D.C. to Major-General Bar- 
1 goyne. Killed at Saratoga, 
r Wounded atGuildford 15 March, 
I 1781. Embarked for England. 
On leave : rejoined : leave to 
England. 

On leave at New York, from 
14 Oct. 1780. Embarked for 
England. 



( 



t 



19 Oct. 



It 



It 



It 



{ 
{ 

r A.D.C. to Major-General Da- 
I niel Jones. Leave to England. 
Leave to England. 

{Killed in action crossing the 
Catawba, 
r Surrendered prisoner of war at 

< \'ork Town. To England Dec. 
L 1782. 

r Wounded at Guildford, 15 Mar. : 

L leave to England. 
Went to America on leave in 
June, 1777, and ordered to take 
the conmiand of a draft from 
the Guards: returned in Jan. 
1778. Surrendered prisoner of 
war at York Town. To Eng- 
land, Dec. 1782. 
' Surrendered prisoner of war at 

< York Town. To England oiv 
L parole in A\i^, \T^. 



28 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



STAFF OFFICERS APPOINTED TO THE BRIGADE OF GUARDS 
FOR SERVICE IN NORTH AMERICA. 






Brig[ade i 
Major J 



ft 



tt 



Adjutant 



>* 



ft 



*> 



ft 



tf 



Quart.- 1 
master J 



»» 



r* 



Surgeon 



ft 



Mate 



ft 



ft 



Chaplain 



E. Stevens 
Thomas Col ins 

F. Richardson 

Michael Cox 
Hon. J. Finch 

Robert Wilson 

W. Campbell 
J. Colquhoun 

Thomas Alkins 

Cavendish Lister 
Thomas Fumival 

John Hill 

Smithies 

John Rush 

Joseph Hopkins 

Gordon 

Js. Keir 
Rer. S. Cooke 



From 



12 Mar. 1776 
. . 1778 
June, 1781 

12 Mar. 1776 

April, 1776 

January, 1777 

29 Aug. „ 
1780 

July, 1781 

12 Mar. 1776 
19 Mar. 1779 

1780 

28 Feb. 1776 



• • 



■ • 



• . 



28 Feb. 1776 



To 



14 May. 1778 

3 June, 1781 

1782 

25 April, 1776 

29 June, 1777 

July, 1781 

5 July, 1779 
1782 

June, 1783 

July, 1777 
1782 

June, 1783 



3 May, 1782 



Nov. 1782 



June, 1783 



ft ** 



Nov. 1782 



r Coldstream. Promoted in Fint 
I Foot Guards. 

First regiment. Died in Virginia. 
/ ,> „ Prisoner of war, 

I Oct. 19, 1781. 
r First regiment. Promoted to a 

< Company. (Didnotgoto Ame- 
L rica.) 

r First regiment. Died of hit 
I wounds. 

'From Deputy-Marshal, Cold- 
stream. Leave to En^and. 
Pix>moted to Lieutenant in an 
independent company, July 11, 
1782. 

From Serjeant, Third Guards. 
Killed in action at Newhaven. 

{Ditto. Wounded in action at 
Guildford, March 15, 1781. 
From Serjeant, Coldstream. Pri- 
soner ofwar, Oct. 19, 1781, To 
England wiUi the last detach- 
ment of Guards, 
r Third Guards. Leave to £ng- 
L land on promotion. 
From Serjeant, Coldstream. 

{Ditto, First Guards. Prisoner 
ofwar, Oct. 19, 1781. To Eng- 
land with the last detachment. 
New appointment, 
r Ditto. Prisoner ofwar, Oct. 19, 
I 1781. Appointed "Apothecary 
I to the General Hospital in 
L North America," May 4. 
r New appointment. Prisoner of 

< war, Oct. 19, 1781. Embarked 
t for England. 

New appointment. Prisoner of 
war, Oct. 19, 1781. To England 
with the last detachment. 
New appointment. Prisoner of 
war, Oct. 19, 1781. To England 
_ with the last detachment, 
r New appointment. On leave at 

< New York, from Oct, 1780. 
L Embarked for England. 



{ 



{ 
{ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 29 



CHAPTER IL 

Death of Waldegraye — Bake of York saeeeeds as Colonel of 
the Coldstream — Misanderatanding between Duke of York and 
Colonel Lennox — Murder of Lewis XVI. — ^England joins against 
the new GoTemment of France — First battalions of the regi- 
ments of Guards embark for Holland — Clairfait obliges the 
French to retreat — Archduke Charles carries several batteries — 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg drires the French from Aix-la-Cha* 
pelle->Siege of Maestricht raised — Junction of Generals Miranda 
and Valence — Prussians, Hanoyerians, and British adyance by 
Bois-le-Duc — Grenadier battalion consists of fiye companies — 
Guards in quarters at Bergen-op-Zoom — Guards proceed by 
canal to Bruges — March through Tournay to Orcq — Cold- 
stream attack the French near St. Amand — Duke of York's 
order dated Tournay — Cond6 blockaded — Inyestment of Valen- 
ciennes—Siege entrusted to the Duke of York — Capitulation— 
Cond6 suijenders — A reinforcement, including three light com- 
panies, one for each regiment of Guards, joins the army — Garri- 
son of Valenciennes march out and lay down their arms — Cam- 
bray summoned — Duke of York's army separates from the 
Austrians — French defeated at Lincelles — Siege of Dunkirk — • 
Houchard arriyes with reinforcements — Attacks Fre3rtag — 
Walmoden retreats — Duke of York abandons Dunkirk — Cold- 
stream move towards Menin and encamp — Houchard arrested 
and sent to Paris — Quesnoy taken by the Austrians — French 
defeated at Villiers en Couche — Driven from Lannoy — Guards 



30 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

encamp on the plains of Gascogne — Coldstream go into St. Pe- 
ter's barracks at Ghent— Duke of York returns to England. 

The NuIIi Secundus Club was instituted on the fourth of 
March y 1783. The propriety of establishing a club in a 
regiment has been questioned. As a general observation, 
it may be admitted that clubs are not in unison with 
miUtary discipline. In the present case, however, the 
objection does not apply , the Coldstream being always so 
officered, that they have been equally remarkable for 
gentlemanly cordiality at table, and soldierlike obedience 
on parade.^ 

o t^^nd ^^ Waldegrave died about this period, and was suc- 
ceeded in the command of the Coldstream by his Royal 
Highness Frederick Duke of York. 

John Earl of Waldegrave was bom in 1718. He 
entered the First regiment of Guards on the thirteenth of 
May, 1735. In January, 1751, he was appointed Colonel 
of the Ninth regiment of Foot, and afterwards successively 
to the Eighth Dragoons, Fifth Dragoon guards, and Se- 
cond or Queen's regiment of Dragoon Guards. He had also 
the rank of General, and was Master of the Horse to the 
Queen. 

Apiifiith. An order* from the King, at this time, directed that the 
battalion officers should use swords instead of espontoons. 

Blay ir'tb. A misunderstanding took place between his Royal 
Highness the Duke of York and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Lennox, which terminated in a duel. The dispute on* 



' See Appendix, No. 256, for List of Members, Rules of Club, &c. 

• ** April IP** 1786. — His Majesty has been pleased to order that 
** the espontoon shall be laid aside, and that in lien thereof 
'* the battalion ofliccrs for the future are to make use of 
" swords.'* — Coldstream Orderly-Room. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 31 

ginated in an observation made by His Royal Highness, i789. 
that Colonel Lennox had been addressed by an individual 
at the club at Daubigney's in a manner that no gentleman 
ought to permit. The observation being reported to 
Colonel Lennox, he took the opportunity on parade to in- 
quire of his Royal Highness what were the words which 
he had submitted to hear, and by whom they were 
spoken : to this his Royal Highness gave no other answer 
than by ordering the Colonel to his post. The parade 
being over, his Royal Highness went into the orderly- 
room and sent for Colonel Lennox, when he intimated to 
him, in the presence of the officers of the Coldstream, that 
he desired to derive no protection either from his rank as 
a Prince, or his situation as Commanding-officer; and that 
when off duty he wore a brown coat, and was ready as a 
private individual to give Colonel Lennox the satisfaction 
required by one gentleman from another. After this de- 
claration. Colonel Lennox wrote a circular to every mem- 
ber of Daubigney's Club, requesting them to inform him 
whether the words, as stated, had been addressed to him, 
and desiring an answer from each member by the follow- 
ing morning; adding, that he should consider their silence 
on the subject as an acknowledgment that no such words 
could be recollected. After the time named for an answer 
to his circular letter. Colonel Lennox sent a written message 
to the following purport : — " That not being able to re- 
collect any occasion on which words were used towards 
him at Daubigney's, that ought not to be addressed to a 
gentleman, he had taken the step which appeared most 
likely to gain information on the subject to which his 
Royal Highness had made allusion, and of the party by 
whom they had been used : — that none of the members 
of the club had afforded him any information, and 



iW OKICIN AND SERVICES OF 

coDseciueiitly. that no such insult had been offered hint 
to their knowledge; and therefore he expected, in jus- 
tice to his character, that his Royal Highness would con- 
tradict the report as publicly as it had been asserted by 
his Royal Highness." This letter was delivered to the 
Duke of York the saine day by the Earl of Winchelsea. 
His Royal Highness's answer not proving satisfactory, a 
message was sent by Colonel Lennox to appoint a meet- 
ing; the time and place were then settled. 

The following is the account given by the seconds of 
the affair. in consequence of this misunderstanding, his 
Royal Highness the Duke of York, attended by Lord 
Rawdon, and Lieu tenant- Colonel Lennox, accompanied by 
the Earl of Winchelsea, met at Wimbledon Common. 
The ground was measured twelve paces, and both parties 
were to fire together. Lieutenant- Colonel Lennox's ball 
grazed his Royal Highness's curl, but the Duke of York 
did not fire. Lord Rawdon then interfered, and said " he 
thought enough had been done;" when Colonel Lennox 
observed, " that his Royal Highness had not fired :" Lord 
Rawdon replied, " it was not the intention of the Duke of 
York to fire; his Royal Highness entertained no animosity 
against Lieutenant- Colonel Lennox, and had only come 
out on his invitation to give him satisfaction." Colonel 
Lennox wished the Duke to fire, which was declined, 
with a repetition of the reason. Lord Winchelsea then ex- 
pressed a hope that his Royal Highness would not object 
to say he considered Colonel Lennox a man of courage 
and honour. His Royal Highness replied, that he should 
say nu such thing : he had come out with the intention of 
giving Colonel Lennox the satisfaction he demanded, but 
did not mean to fire at him; if Colonel Lennox was not 
satisfied, he might have another shot. Colonel Lennox 




THE COI,DSTRK-»M GUAHl 3- 

declared that he could not possibly fin> again, as his 
Royal Highness did not mean to return it. The seconds 
signed a paper stating that " both parties behaved with 
the most perfect coolness and intrepidity." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Lennox called a meeting of the o 
cers of the Coldstream, to deliberate and give their opimoa 
whether in the late dispute he behaved as became aa 
officer and a gentleman. After much discussion, they 
came to the following resolution: " It is the opinion of tlie 
Coldstream regiment, that subscc]uently to the fifteenth of 
May, the day of the meeting at the orderly-room, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Lennox has Lehaved with courage; but, 
from the peculiar dilScuUy of his situation, not with judg- 
ment." 

The unusual, if not unprecedented, occurrence of a 
Prince of the Blood, and one go near the throne, volun- 
tarily placing his life iu such imminent peril, created at 
the time a strong sensation. The House of Brunswick is 
remarkable for courage ; and bravery is so much the 
characteristic of this family, that there certainly was no 
necessity for his Royal Highness to have met Colonel Len- 
nox. He went there, however, from pure gallantry, to 
give his antagonist satisfaction, by permitting him to have 
his fire, but with the determination not to return it. 

At this period Necker's folly or treachery in giving the 
democratic party a double representation among the aasem- 
bled stales of France brought about the revolution, and 
involved all the great European Powers in a succession 
of destructive wars. The Court, feeble, dissipated, and 
alarmed, was unable to withstand its new and violent op- 
ponents, whose encroachments were at length consum- 
mated by the unjustifiable trial and death of an amiable 
and innocent king. 

On the eventful murder of Lewis the Sixteenth, Encrlatid "93. 



L 



34 ORIUIN AND SERVICES OF 

1793. declared war, and joined the confederacy formed against 
the regicide government of France. 

The first battalions of the three regiments of Guards re- 
ceived orders to prepare for embarkation, and all their 
companies were completed.' The grenadiers were formed 
into a separate battalion under Colonel Leigh of the Third 
Guards, and Major-General Lake was appointed to com- 
Feb. 34th. mand the brigade. 

Feb. asih. Previous to their departure they were inspected by his 
Majesty King George the Third. From the parade they 
marched to Greenwich, where their embarkation was wit- 
nessed by the Royal Family. After anchoring at the 
Nore, the convoy sailed for Helvoetsluys; on landing, the 
Mir. 3rd. troops Were placed in schuyts and sent to Dort. 

The Prussian troops were advancing by Bois-le-Diic, 
while a corresponding movement was made by the Hano- 
verians, who had been joined by the British under the 
Duke of York. 

At Dort, a light company was formed from the brigade 
of Guards, and attached to the grenadier battalion, which 
now consisted of five companies under Lieutenant- Colonel 
James Perrin of the First Guards. 
April, The Guards embarked for Bergen-op-Zoom on the first 
of April, at which place they were quartered some days; 
thence they proceeded by the canal through Ajitwerp and 
Ghent, and on the nineteenth landed at Bruges. They 
afterwards marched through Thieit, Courtray, and Tour- 
nay, and reached the ^-illage of Orcq on the twenty-fifth. 

Two light companies were formed at home and added to 
the establishment of the r^ment under a warrant dated 
nineteenth of .^pril.' 

A great deal of skirmishing, and some sharp affaire had 

' To four (CTJeauU, four corporals, nnr] ino dTummm. 
' Sfr ApptndK, No. S*4. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 35 

taken place between the annies, previous to the arrival of it**. 
the brigade of Guards. 

In consequence of General Dampierre's repeated attacks May. 
on the Prussians, the Guards were greatly harassed, and 
constantly kept under arms in readiness to move. At mid- 
night, on the seventh, they left their cantonments at Orcq, 
near Touma y, and proceeded to the camp of Maalde, where 
they halted at day-light, and joined the Austrian and Pnia- ^iiy aih. 
sian infantry; the former were ordered to dislodge the 
enemy from St. Amand, and also to drive them from the 
wood. In the afternoon the Duke of York marched 
through St. Amand, which place had been obstinately 
maintained, as appeared from the ruined and dilapidated 
state of the buildings and the dead lying in all directions. 
The Coldstream Guards advanced to the forest, where they 
halted till the arrival of the Prussian General Knobeladorf, 
who rode up, and, with a smile, said in broken English, 
" that he had reserved for the Coldstream Guards the 
*' honour, the special glory of dislodging the French from 
" their intrenchments in the forest; that the British troops 
" need only show themselves in the wood, and the French 
" would retire." He however omitted to state, that the 
Aiistrians had been three times successively repulsed, with 
the loss of one thousand seven hundred men, and General 
Knobelsdorf proposed for the Coldstream the honour of 
performing with six hundred rank and file what five thou- 
sand Austrians had not been able to accomplish. The fact 
was, that on the failure of the Austrians, application had 
been made to General Knobelsdorf for some fresh bat- 
talions from the Prassian army, which requisition he im- 
mediately made over to the Duke of York. The Cold- 
stream, under Colonel Pennington, was moved towards the 
wood of Vicogne, the Prussian General accompanying 
them himself along the chaussee. On arriving at the 
skirts of the wood, he pointed to the entrance and gal- 



_ sEins oi ti 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OK 



^ 



loped off. The enemy's redoubts eommandcd the chaus- 
see leading to the wood of St. Amaiid, and on the approach 
of the right companies of the Coldstream, who had nearly 
closed on the flying enemy, a tremendous fire was opened 
within pistol-shot by guns b heeled from a battery concealed 
in the bushes and underwood of the forest. On passing a 
temporary bridge over a broad ditch, the two right com- 
panies under Colonels Bosville and Gascoyne lost, in ten 
minutes, more than half their numbers, and retired to the 
skirt of the wood. So sudden was tlieir onset that the 
last division had scarcely crossed the hedge-row, separa- 
ting the chaussce from the wood, when the two leading 
companies found themselves under a destructive fire. The 
left wing did not lose a man. 

In this action the French General Dampierre lost his 
thigh by a cannon-ball, and died next day. Ensign 
Howard of the Coldstream, who carried the colours, the 
serjeant-major,' two Serjeants, and seventy-three rank and 
file were killed, wounded, or missing. 

The conduct of the Coldstream was thus noticed in a 

' " The Serjeant-Major of tlio Culdalream regimenl, by uame 
" Dnrlcy, was amonggt lUe woandcd iti tlie nclion of llie 8'". 
" He perronned prodigies of valour ; he had bis arm broke and 
" shallered by a ball, but yet contiimed lo fighl with tbe moat 
" aniinnted and delcrmined bravery for near two Lours, He put 
" to death a French uflieer who mnde an attack, upon him, but 
" at len^h had hia leg broke by auother cannon shot, in cunse- 
" quence of nhicb be fell into tbe hand!) of the French. 

"TheDukeofYorksentH trumpet on the morning of the 9^, to say 
■' thai the surgeon who nllcnded him should be liberally rewarded 
" for bis trouble, and to request Ibat no expence should be spared 
*> in procuring him every comfort that his situation would admit 
'■ of. 

" The following letter was written by Captain Hewgill of 
" the Cutdslream, iind Secretary to His Royal Highness, to Ser- 
" jeant-Mojor Coleman of the battalion of the Coldstream bere : 



IHE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 37 

letter written by the Adjutant-General, Colonel Sir James ivif/^cJtii 
Murray,* dated the tenth of May. 

** The attack commenced about se^en o'clock. It was 
'^ directed against the posts occupied by General Clairfait, 
" which extend from the Scheld to the Abbaye de Vicogne, 
^* and the Prussian corps which defends the wood in the 
'^ front of the high-road, leading from that place to 
" St. Amand. 

" To these points were directed the whole eflforts of the 
" French army, which had been previously reinforced by 
" all they could bring together from every quarter. Ge- 

** Head-Qaarters, May 10, Toarnay. 
** Serjeant-Major Coleman, 

" I write to yon by desire of His Royal Highness the Duke 
** of York to acquaint yon, for the information of Mrs. Darley, 
*■*• that her husband is alive, and, though in custody of the enemy, 
'* has written a few lines to say he is well treated and taken care of. 

** The Duke feels much for his unfortunate situation, and has 
** given orders that a trumpeter shall be sent to-morrow to him 

with whatever he wants, and a letter to acquaint the French sur- 

*"*" geou attending him that he will pay all the expenses of his cure. 

He has one arm and his thigh broke, besides two other 

wounds: there may therefore be some doubt of his recovery, 

which I think you should take an opportunity of communicating 

to your daughter. 
His Royal Highness, as well as every officer and soldier of 

the Coldstream, can bear witness to his good conduct and 
** gallantry in the action of the 8*. 

*' Brave as a lion, he fought with his broken arm till a 
" second shot brought him to the gnround ; and since his con- 
'* fi nement he has dictated a letter, wherein he explains his money 
" concerns with an incredible degree of accuracy and honesty. 

" In short, all our prayers attend this valuable roan, and I 
** have authority to sav from the Commander-in-Chief that he will 
*' never forget him. ** E. Hewgill." 

— Europtan Magazine, 1793, page 395. 

' Adjutant-General to the forces under the Duke of York. 



<i 
<( 



38 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1793. 
May lOtb. 



^ neral Knobelsdorf having been under the necessity of 
' sending a considerable part of his troops to support the 
' Austrians at the Abbaye de Vicogne, his Royal Highness 
' about five o'clock left two battalions in the camp at 
' Mauldcy and marched with the Coldstream, the flank 

* battalion, and that of the Third regiment, to his sup- 
' poit. When the battalion of the Coldstream, which was 
' upon the left, arrived, the enemy had nearly reached the 

* road ; they already commanded it to a great degree by 

* their fire ; the guns attached to the battalion were 
' placed upon it, and, by a well-directed and well-sup- 
' ported fire, kept the battery which was opposed to them 
' in check, and did considerable execution. 

^' The battalion advanced into the wood, attacked and 
' drove the enemy before them : in going forward they be- 

* came unfortunately opposed to the fire of a battery, from 

* which they suffered severely. They fell back to their 
' position at the edge of the wood, which they maintained 

* for the rest of the day, notwithstanding a heavy can- 
^ nonade. The enemy made no attempt to approach them. 

" Nothing can exceed the spirit and bravery displayed 
' by the men and officers of the battalion upon this oc- 

* casion." 

On the eleventh of May the following General Order 

was issued : — 

'* Head-Quarters, Tournay. 

** His Royal Highness the Duke of York returns his 
" warmest thanks to the officers and privates who were en- 
" gaged on the eighth instant, and particularly to those of 
*' the Coldstream Guards, who bore the brunt of the attack. 

" The Hanoverians to relieve the brigade of Guards in 
** all their posts to-morrow, in order to ease those troops 
'* who have unders^one so much fatisjue."^ 



* On the twelfth of May a fcu-de-joio was fired io celebration of 
the victorv. 



THK COLDSTftEAM GUAKDS. ^9 

Condt'^ was now blockaded ; and previous to the invest- " 
nient of Valenciennes, it was necessary to attack the for- 
tified camp of Famars. 

On the twenty-third of May the Duke of York led the Miy 
first column, consisting of sixteen battalions of English, 
with some Hanoverian and Austrian troops. Afler a can- 
nonade, the hussars crossed the Hoxelle, without oppo- 
sition, at the village of Mershe, and on the advance of a 
body of infantry, which would have turned the batteries, 
the enemy retreated to a redoubt they had constructed 
behind the villus of Famars. General Clairfait also 
attacked the French stationed on the heights of Auzain, 
which were obstinately defended ; but at length the Aus- 
trians gained the post. This success enabled the Prince 
of Cobourg to complete tlie investment of Valenciennes ; 
the camp of Famars being occupied by the English and 
Hanoverians. The redoubt behind Famars was held till 
night, when the enemy abandoned it and retired across 
the Scheld. 

The siege of Valenciennes was entrusted to the Duke of 
York, who carried it on with great vigour.' 

■ " Abont ten o'clock on (he night of the 2^ of June, a 
" working party of the Guards, and the brigade of the line, con- 
" sisling of about 30U men, and a strong covering party under the 
" engiaeer, began the intrencbmenls. July the S', the Earl of 
*' Cavan was wonnded in the bead by a (liece of shell. On the 9<^ 
" a loldier of the Caldilream was killed by a shell in the 
" txencbei. 12lh of July, one of the Coldstream was dangerously 
" wounded by a shell. 18'', four men were wounded by a ahelJ. 
" On the 2cA the first mine was sprung, then a second and third 
" vrithia the apace of a few minutes; after the third mine was 
" sprung, the troops, being in readiness, rushed with the greatest 
•' impetuosity and jumped over the paliaadoes, carrying all before 
•' them at the point of the bayonet ; the enemy, aftera stoat resist- 
, left the works in possession of the victors. "- — Exirarttfrom 
tht Jnuiwil "/ Corporal Robrtt BroitTi "ftRe CulitihtaiH Gmrih, p. 7-1. 



^^L tA> Jnurnal nf 




^ 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

Allei' a fii'^icticablc breach was efTected, the Duke 
ordered tlic Lliiglisli and Austrians to niiike u general as- 
sault: the Eturtiiing party consisted of one hundred and 
fifly niea of the Guards,' and the same number from the 
line, under Major-General Abercrombie : tliey succeeded 
and carried the out-worka. The loss in the battalion com- 
pauies of the Coldstream during the siege was two rank 
and file killed ; one captain (Eail of Cavan), one serjeant, 
thirteen rank and file, wotuided ; one rank and file died 
of his wounds. The flank battahoii lost four rauk and 
file killed ; two Serjeants, eighteen rank and hie, wounded : 
three rank and file died afterwards. The town capitu- 
lated on the twenty-eighth, and was taken possession of by 
the Duke of York, in the name of the Emperor of Ger- 
many: this political error rallied into unanimity tiie hitherto 
hesitating inclinations of the French people. A detach- 
ment of the Guards occupied the gate of Cambray. 

Conde had already surrendered, and the garrison were 
made prisoners of war, aflerasiege of three months, during 
which they had been much reduced by famine and disease. 

On the twenty-ninth a reinforcement of about six hun- 
dred men under Lieutenant-Colonel Tad Watson of the 
Third Guards joined the brigade; amongst them were 
three light infantry companies, one for each of the regi- 
ments of Guards: the company belonging to the First 
regiment was commanded by Lieutenant- Colonel Ludlow, 
that of tlie Coldstream by Lieutenmit-Colonel Eld, and 
that of the Third Guards by Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell; 
these companies joined the flank battahou, and completed 
it to eight companies. 

' On the tweDly-Eixih of July tbe rullowing General Order waa 
issued: — " Hia Royal Highnees tbe CammaDder-in-Cliier returns 
" his thBLka lo Major-Geutral Aburcrombie, Culuiiet Leigh, and 
" LieuteLBul-ColQuul Doyle, fur Ibo )j;allaulry they showed on Ihc 
" altaok lost nigUI." 



i^ 



THE COLDSTRE-UI UUAUDS. 



41 



I 



The flank companies of tbe Guards and light infiintry, i'^- 
with the men who had composed the storming party on 
the twenty-fifth instant, hned the road from the Cambray 
gate to Briquet, when the garrison of Valenciennes marched 
out for the purpose of laying down their arms. 

On tlie sixth of August tlie Coldstream proceeded to- Augusi. 
wards Cambray, and encamped about two leagues to the 
westward of that fortress. Some days afier the Austrians 
had taken possession of Valenciennes the French were 
obligeil to quit their strong position behind the Scheld ; 
and Cambray was summoned.' 

At a council of war it was agrefni, in opposition to the 
opinion of the Prince ofCobourg and of General Clairfait, 
that the army under the Duke of York should separate 
fiom the Austrians. The British, in consequence, broke 
□p, and marched on the fourteenth of August on their route 
to Dunkirk, the siege of that fortress having been de- 
termined on for the purpose of replacing it under the do- 
minion of England. The Guards passed Toumay on the 
fifteenth, Lannoy on the sixteenth, and halted next day, 
with the exception of the 6ank battalion, which encamped 
near a village called Ghehns. On the eighteenth his Au«. laih. 
Koyal Highness proceeded from Tiircoin to Menin. 

The French had driven the Dutch troops from IJncelles, 
which they had occupied by an order from the Prince of 
Orange. Major- Genera] Lake was directed, with three 
battalions, consisting of tbe First, Coldstream, and Third 
Guards, to assist the Dutch troops in recapturing that 

' It nas reported in Paria that Cambray bad been Eummoucd 
to surrender od tlie 81)i by General Boros, and tbal tbe Com- 
mandanl returned the roUoniDg answer: " 1 liave received 
" your letter. General, and bave aa otber anitwer to return Ihiio 
'• tbal I know not how tu aiirreoder, but I know bow to figbt," — 
Natioiwl Couventiun, Aug. 16. Dei^y. 





ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



fierent roatf^^H 



place; but the latter Iiad retreated by a different i 
irom that taken by the Guards In their advance.' 
withstanding this circumstance, and the decided supe- 
riority on tlie part of tlie enemy, Lake made his pre- 
parations, and formed under a heavy fire, when he attacked 
a redoubt of unusual size and strength, situated on high 
ground in front of Lincelles. The woods were strongly de- 
fended by the enemy, and their flanks were covered by 
ditches. The column was led by the First Guards, which 
deployed with great celerity, the Coldstream forming on 
the left. The hne then advanced amidst a shower of grape, 
and after two volleys made a furious charge, accompanied 
by loud huzzas,^ stormed the works, and dispersed the 



' GenerBl Lake had deapatohed an aid-de-camp to the head- 
quarters of his Royal Highoess the Cummander-iu- Chief at MeniD, 
informing him of the flight of the Dutch, and Ibc perilous 
giluation of Ibe Guards; the second brigade, as well as some batta- 
lions of Hessians, were coasequently ordered lo support them ; 
but could not possibly arrive till the afiair was terminalcd. The 
Dutch troops having been also ordered to re-occupy their former 
position, the Guards were permillcd to mHrcb bac^k to their camp, 
and the redoubts having been levelled with the ground, the 
post was early the nest morning abandoned as untenable, being 
only two leagues and a half distant (above seven miles and a 
balO from Lisle. The Dutch were so thoroughly ashamed of their 
behaviour, and so crest-fallen, that they slunk about, avoiding as 
much as possible the British soldiers ; and the Prince of Waldeck,. 
who commnoded the garrison of Menin, the next morning, in a terjr 
noble manner, caught Ibe first officer of the Guards he met with 
by the baud, and after extoitjug the gallantry of the British sol- 
diers (wbeo surrounded by his own officers), exclaimed, "Your 
" glory " <""■ shame."— Giwpaig-K of 1703. I7!M, oad Reirrat 
tknmfk HoiUnd to Wrtlphalia, vol. i. page 00. 

' " The French, who had been nccustumcd to the cold, lifelcs* 
" attacks of the Dutch, were amazed at the spiril and intrepidity 
" of the British, and not much relishing the manner of our 



I 

i 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. -13 

enemy, who vainly attempted to rally.* At ten o'clock 
F. u. the pursuit was discontinued, when the Fourteenth 
and Fifty-third regiments with some Hessian infantry re- 
heved tlie Guards, who returned to their former ground 
near Menin, where they arrived, after undergoing great 
fatigue, about three o'clock in the morning. 

In this action the Coldstream lost Lieutenant-Colonel 
Bosrille,- and eight rank and file killed. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Gascoyne, Ensign Bayly, two serjeants, and forty- 
five rank and file were wounded. -> 

The following order appeared on the nineteenth of 
August:— 

" His Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief returns 
" his wannest thanks to Major-General Lake, Colonels 
" Hulse, Greenfield, Pennington, Major Wright, and the 
" officers and men belonging to the brigade of Guards and 
" artillery under his command, for the gallantry and ia- 



'* talute, immcil lately gave way, abandouing nil that wa« in the 
" place, and, in their Digtit. (brew away both arms and accoutre- 
" munta. We look une »UiiiU of colours, two pieces of cannDii, 
'* witli two pieces they had taken from the Dutch." — Jottnial of 
Corpotml Robert Brown of the Coldtlream Guardi. 

' The A djuUnt- General, Id his dispatch, 8ay», " The battalions 
" were instantly formed, and advauced, uuder a heavy fire, with 
" an order and iutrepidity. for nliich no praise can be too high. 
" Afler firing three or four rounds Ihey rushed on with their 
" bayoDets." 

" The enemy amounted to about five thousand men, and lost 
" eleren guns and about three hundred men." 

* It is said that Lie ulcnHnl- Colon el Bosville's death was in 
ronseiiueoce of his extraordinary height, being six feet four inches 
high: he was shot in the forehead. 

Three hundred and forty-six rank and file of the Coldstream 
were engaged on the 18ih of August, 1733. 



I 





ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



" trepidity they so evidently showed in the attack of the 
" French redoubts at the village of Lincelles yesterday 
" afternoon," 

On the twentieth the Gnards passed through Ypres, and 
encamped next day near Furnes; from whence the Duke 
of York proceeded on the twenty-second in pursuit of the 
enemy to Ghievelde: on his approach they abandoned 
their position, and his Royal Highness was enabled at 
once to take up the ground which he intended to occupy 
during the siege of Dunkirk. The Guards encamped to 
the left of the canal, the flank battalion on the right. 

A general attack was made on the out-posts between the 
canal of Furnes and the sea. The flank battahon forced 
their way through deep ditches full of water, and strong 
double hedges, driving the enemy into the town. 

Among the killed was Lieu tenant- Colon el Eld of the 
light company of the Coldstream, with eight rank and file: 
one beutenant, twenty-five rank and file, were wounded. 

The Hanoverians, meanwhile, under Marshal Freytag, 
with an army of ohservatiou of twelve thousand men, kept 
in awe the garrison of Bergnea and the camp at Mont- 
Cassel. 

When the committee of pubUc safety heard of the se- 
paration of the Duke of York's army from the Auatrians, 
they lost no time in sending Generals Souham and Hoche 
with fresh troops to the asitistance of Dunkirk. 

O'Moran, a supposed spy, was seized by the ordere of 
Hoche, and sent to Paris.' 



' O'MorBn was supposed to keep ap a treasonable correspon- 
dence with tlie Brilisli, as will be seen by tbc following extract of a 
letter from General Hoche to the War DepHrtmeiit :— 

arrivi ici a»ec le G^-uvrBl Soubam, niii est uu 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



45 



On the evcniog of the sixth the enemy mode a sortie 
from Dunkirk; their attack was priDcipally directed 
against the right, but was gallantly sustained by the 
first brigade: the Fourteenth regiment suffered severely. 

Houchard had arrived with strong re in force me nta for 
the relief of Dunkirk: he attacked Freytag's position, by 
whom a partial retreat was eftected. The following day 
the attack was renewed, and General Watmoden was 
obliged to give way, with the loss of three hundred men 
and three guns. In this action his Royal Highness 
Prince Adolphus, since Duke of Cambridge, and Marshal 
Freytag were wounded, and for a short time made 
prisoners. 

The loss of the battle of Hendtschoote obhged the Duke 
of York, after some sharp out-post fighting, to abandon the 
siege, leaving from forty to fifty pieces of heavy cannon, 
baggage, and military stores behind. 

The Coldstream marched through Aven Capelle, Dix- S 
muyde, and Rousselaer, towards Menin, when the troops 
encamped. 

HoBchard was arrested -by order of the French repub- 
lican government, and sent to Paris. The charges pre- 
ferred against him were — First, that after defeating the 
English he did not drive Uiem into the sea. Secondly, 
that he sent no succours to the troops butchered at Cam- 
bray. Thirdly, that he abandoned Menin, and in his re- 
treat exposed his army to considerable danger. Hou- 



" vrai sans-culotte. EnGn, a force de travail, nous commeD^ons k 
" nous reconnoitre. Pill a*ait id dea ogeca. Des pnpiort iuceii- 
■ diairei out M r£pandus. dcs signaux donn^ k la flolle ennemie, 
" mouiU^e ik troii quarts de lieae de la vilte, t( les mntelots, Trappeg 
" d'une terrcur panique. el probablemenl Iravaill^a par I'ariato- 
>■ cralie, a'^taienl ineurg^." 





46 OlllGlN AND SEHVICES OF 

chard was found guilty on these charges, and guillotined 
at Paris, November fifteenth, 1793. 

There is no reason to suppose that Houchard was defi- 
cient in fidelity to his employers, or zeal for the cause in 
which he was embarked ; this commander seems to have 
been the victim of low cruelty and ignorance. At that 
period the French armies were numerous, but badly or- 
ganized, and without generals of experience. Houchards 
troops had repeatedly been defeated ; and when the loss 
of the battle of Hendtschoote induced the British to relin- 
quish the siege of Dunkirk, It did not by any means fol- 
low that they were unable to make good their retreat. 
Napoleon, it is tnie, delighting to play the Jopiter-Scapin 
in public, instructed his Marshals to drive the English 
into the sea ; and often told his soldiers, that no such 
word as impossth/e existed in the French language : but 
that accurate judge of military affairs never put his gene- 
rals to death for not accompHshing what he knew to be 
impracticable. The nninstructed and atrocious Jacobins 
in France, who had possessed themselves of the powers of 
government when Houchard was sent to the relief of Dun- 
kirk, little qualified to distinguish between a retiring and 
a ruined army, conceived that because the Duke of York 
abandoned the siege, nothing remained for the French ge- 
neral but to destroy him. Whether the second and third 
charges against Houchard were better founded cannot 
now be ascertained with certainty; at the utmost, they 
rather afford evidence of incapacity than of treachery and 
cowardice. Allowing them to be established, it must be 
admitted that the French commander was unfit for his 
situation, and that the interests of the cause he had un- 
dertaken to uphold required his dismissal : few persons 
however are forward in discovering their own deficiencies ; 
and to a dispassionate mind the question naturally pre- 



THE COLDSTREAAI GUARDS. 47 

sents itself, how far those who employ a general of doubt- 1793. 
ful efficiency are less culpable than the individual they 
send forth at a venture to risk the lives of thousands in 
his probation. If the emigration had left the Jacobms no 
tried commanders at their disposal, the fact may perhaps 
be pleaded to excuse their making the hazardous selection, 
but will hardly justify the condemnation of Houchard to 
the guillotine for not being a man of intuitive genius. 

On the seventeenth of September the following order 
was issued: — 

" The Commander-in-Chief thanks the troops for the 
" spirit with which they have gone through their late 
'^ fatigues and distresses occasioned by long and rapid 
" marches." 

Quesnoy was taken by the Austrians, and the enemy 
defeated at Villiers en Couche. The Prince of Cobourg 
crossed the Sambre, and drove the French into their 
intrenchments at Maubeuge ; while Marshal Clairfait 
threatened Cambray and Bouchain. 

The Brigade of Guards marched through Menin and Oct. loth. 
Courtray to Peck, a village niear Toumay, where they 
halted two days ; they then proceeded to St. Amand, and 
encamped between Quesnoy and Landrecy. The troops 
returned on the twenty-third by the same roads they had 
before passed. 

About the end of October the Third Guards with a de- Oct.f8th. 
tachment of the Fifteenth light Dragoons attacked the 
enemy at Lannoy, and after two hours' fighting, succeeded 
in driving them from the village. From the twenty-ninth 
of this month to the eighth of November, the Coldstream 
was encamped on the plains of Grascogne ; on the follow- 
ing day the campaign ended, and the Guards marched 
into barracks at Toumay. In December the brigade of Dec. i4th. 



48 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1793. 



1794. 
Feb. 6th. 



Guards moved to Ghent, where the Coldstream' occupied 
St. Peter's barracks. 

On the thirteenth his Royal Highness thanked the 
army for their conduct during the campaign. 

The Duke of York quitted the army for London; Sir 
William Erskine was left in command during his absence. 



' Retarn of Officers of the First battalion of the Coldstream 

on the Continent. 



Comp*. 



Grenadier 



Coloners 
Company. 



2d Major's 
Company 



Captains. 



Lieut.-Col. Wm. Monhead 



Lieutenants. 



H. R. H. the Dnke of York's 
company 

Col. Lowther Pennington 



Light Inf. 
company* 



Lieut.-Col. George Fits Roy 

Ueut.-Col. Tho. B. Bos7ilIe 

Liout.-Col. George Nugent 
Lieut-Col. T. £. Freemantle 



Lieut.-Col. Hon. Edward 
Finch 



Lieut.-Col. Isaac Gascoyne 



LieuL-Col. George Eld 



Capt. Harry Calvert (Aid -de- 
camp to Uie Duke of York) 
„ Richard Gregory 
„ Charles Hotham, vice 
Calvert, appointed A. D. C. 

Capt. Lieut. Earl of Cavan 



Capt. Wm. De Viame 

John Calcraft, vice 

De Visme 
J. Forhes, vice Calcraft 



If 



It 



•I 



ft 
ft 



tt 



ft 



tt 



Charles Hotham 
Roger Morris, vice 
Hotham 

John Calcraft 
Hon. George Pomeroy, 
vice Calcraft 

Wm. Wynyard 

Lord Say and Sele (to 
the Light Inf. Company) 

Wm. Buller 



>t 
ft 



>t 
tt 



Hon. George Pomeroy 
Wm. De Visme, vice 
Pomeroy 

Lord Say and Sele 
Charles Hotham 



Ensigns. 



Richard Holse 
Sir J. Shelly, vice 
Hulse promoted 

Wm. Lemon 
K. A. Howard 
Henry Bayly, vice 
Howard 

K. A. Howard 
Wm. Lemon, vice 
Howard 

Hon. W. FiU Roy 



George H. Dyke 
Samuel Ongley 



Wm. Templetown 
Thomas Stihbert, 
vice Templetown 

Richard Hulse 
Joseph FnUer.vice 
Hulse 



Adjutant, Captain WiUiam Wynyard. 
Quarter-Master, Samuel Lunt. 
Surgeon's Mate, T. B. Hugo. 

Edw. Alexis Giraud. 



t> 



Camp at Menin, September f9th, 1793. 

* The Ught infimtry company, ordered to be raised by a King's warrant, dated April I9tb^ 
1793, and added to the establishment from 5th of June, embarked July 9tb, 179S. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 49 



CHAPTER III. 

Reinforcements for the brigade of Gnards sent from England — 
Command of the army given to the Emperor — He reviews the 
different contingents above Cateau — Allies advance — Success of 
the two columns under the Dnke of York — Siege of Landrecy — 
Dnke of York drives the enemy from Caesar's camp — French 
defeated near Cateau — Duke of York repulses the enemy near 
Toumay — Duke of York obliges the enemy to evacuate Lannoy 
— Guards, supported by the Seventh and Fifteenth Light Dra- 
goons, drive the French from their intrenchments — Abercrombie 
obliged to retreat from the heights of Roubaix, round Lannoy, 
to Templeuve — Fox retreats, and joins Otto— Numerical su- 
periority of the enemy — Pichegru commences operations with 
an army of two hundred thousand men — Pitt declared by 
French Jacobins an enemy to the human race — Decree forbid- 
ding quarter — Duke of York's order in consequence — Allies 
repulsed near Fleurus — Duke of York retreats to Romaux — 
Reinforcements land at Ostend — Light companies of the Guards 
at home embark — Moira joins the Duke of York — ^Toumay, 
Ghent, and Ostend, fall into the hands of the French — Duke 
of York crosses the Maese — Enemy repulsed — Crosses the 
Maese — ^Takes Bommel—Pichegru attacks the Allies between 
Nimeguen and Amheim — Duke of York returns to England — 
Walmoden succeeds in command — Allies abandon Heusden — 
Spirited stand made by the Guards at Rhenen — British retreat 

VOL. II. D 



£0 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



to Voorthuizen — ^Troops suffer great hardships in the retreat 
to Deventer — Retreat continues to Bremen — Coldstream embariL 
at Bremenlee — Land at Greenwich, and march to London. 

1794. On the first of March reinforcements embarked from 
England, amounting to eight hundred men for the brigade, 
of which two hundred were for the Coldstream. 

A council of war assembled at Ath. It was proposed 
that Marshal Clairfait should take the command of all 
the auxiliary forces, and that the Duke of York should 
act under his orders.^ After a month's delay, it was de- 
cided that the command should be given to the Emperor, 
April 9th. who arrived at Brussels. 

A general movement was made throughout the army; 
the brigade of Guards marched by St. Leger to V^mI^cs 



' The following statement was published by the Convention 
early in 1794.* 



REPUBLICAN ARMIES. 


ARMIES OF THE COALESCED 




POWERS. 


Army of the North . 222,000 


Army of the Prince of 


United Armies of the 


Coburg . . 140,000 


Rhine and the Mo- 


Army of the Duke of 


selle . . . 280,000 


York . 40,000 


Army of the Alps . 00,000 


Army appertaining to 


Army of the Oriental 


Holland . . . 20,000 


Pyrenees . . 80,000 


Austrian Army on the 


Army of the South . 60,000 


Rhine . 00,000 


Army of the West . 80,000 


Prussian Army . . 64,000 


Total 780,000 


Army of the Empire . 20,000 


9 


ArmyofCond6 . . 12,000 




Total 8M,000 



* May be considered as exaggerated. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 51 

sor rEcaiUon. The Emperor proceeded to Valenciennes, i?**. 
where, on the heights abore Cateau, he reviewed the 
whole army, amounting to one hundred and eighty-seven 
thousand men, consisting of Austrians, British, Dutch, 
Hiuioverians, and Hessians. At the conclusion of the 
review, the Guards pitched their tents for the first time 
this year*^ 

On the f(dlowing day, as the enemy were in force about 
Cambray, the army advanced in eight columns. The 
fourth and fifth were under the Duke of York. One of 
the columns under the immediate command of his Royal 
Highness was intended to carry the village of Vaux. 
Major-General Abercrombie commenced the attack, sup- April trtb. 
ported by the grenadier companies of the First Guards 
under Colonel Stanhope, who stormed and gallantly took 
a battery. At the same moment three battalions of 
Austrian grenadiers occupied the wood, and made them- 
selves masters of the works which had been constructed. 
Nine camion were taken during the day by the column 
under the Duke of York, Sir William Erskine was also 
successful with the troops under his orders, and gained 
possession of the redoubts and two pieces of cannon. 
The Coldstream lost four men killed, and one wounded. 
The village of Vaux having been plundered, was set on 
fire: the Duke of York was obliged to move to the 
battery that had been taken. 

The Coldstream and Third Guards marched through the April isth. 






April 14. — The troops were famisfaed with straps for the 
purpose of carrying oar great -coats slung across the shoulders 
** neatly rolled ap. This in all sorts of weather was part of our 
" aqvipment." — Journal of Corporal Robert Brown of ike Cold- 
stream Guards, page 106. 



62 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

179*. wood of Leisse, but afterwards returned to Vaux. When 
**" ■ relieved by General Abercrombie's corps, they continued 
their route through Cateau, and were posted on the 
Cambray road. 

It being determined to lay siege to Landrecy, the direc- 
tion of it was given to the Prince of Orange, whilst the 
Emperor with his army protected the operations on the side 
of Guise, and the troops under the Duke of York covered 
Cambray. General Worms was stationed near Douay and 
Bouchain. Count Kaunitz defended the Sambre, and 
Clairfait held Flanders from Toumay to the sea. 

On the twenty-third the Duke of York drove the enemy 
from Csesar's camp near Cambray, Some days after this 
the heights of Cateau,'^ which the British occupied, were 
attacked; but the enemy were repulsed with the loss of 
thirty-five pieces of cannon, and three hundred officers 
and men taken prisoners.' 




' The following order was issued b; hia Royal Highneaa the 
Duke of York, April I9lh, 1734 : 

" An officer and forty men of (be Guarda lo be im mediately sent 
" lo Baanyaux, to enforce tbe order for preventing pillaging and 
" borning hoasefl, and the officer to inform General Otto of hia 
" arriva]." 

' April 36th.-~The enemy was repulsed in an attempt to raise 
tbe aiege of Landrecy, and puraned by tbe cavalry to the gates of 
Canibray. On thia occasion (be Blues, Ist, 3rd, 5lh Dragoon 
Guards, (he Royals, 7tb, lltb, and 16th Dragoons greatly distin- 
gnisbed themselves. 

' Extract from the General Order dated 12tli of May, 1794. 
" All pieces of ordnance, colours, tumbrels, and horses taken 
" from tbe enemy are to be delivered to tbe British artillery, and 
" receipts taken for the same ; application from the officer com- 
" manding the regiment who took them are, within three days, to 
" be sent to M' Commissary Williamson, who, by order of bis 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 53 

A large body of the enemy who attacked the Duke of i794. 
York near Toumay was defeated. On this occasion Ge- 
neral Harcourt, Major-Greneral Dundas and Sir Robert 
Laurie distinguished themselves. 

The Emperor at length determined on making a general 
and simultaneous effort to drive the French out of the 
Low Countries. For this purpose five columns of troops 
were ordered to advance; two of them were unable from 
fatigue to arrive in time;^ the others on reaching Moucron 
found the enemy too strong to be attacked, and retreated 
to Turcoin. The column led by the Duke of York,* Mayiath. 
composed of seven English, five Austrian, and two Hes- 
sian battalions, with ten squadrons of cavalry, forced the 
enemy to evacuate Lannoy; the troops then halted. They 
afterwards proceeded to Roubaix. General Abercrombie 
pushed on with the four battaUons of Guards, and found 
the enemy strongly intrenched ; they were cannonaded for 
some time. The fiank battalion of Guards then advanced 
with the greatest regularity to storm, supported by the 
Seventh and Fifteenth Light Dragoons, who gallantly 



it 



Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief, will pay the following 

** rewards, viz. — 

£. 
** For each cannon or howitzer ... 20 

** For each pair of colours ... 10 

** For each tnmhrel 10 

** For each horse 12 

' Here we find the solution of Buonaparte's Italian victories ; his 
columns always arrived at the time indicated. Activity and com- 
bination could not fail to defeat superior forces under Generals 
who seem to have planned simultaneous movements without know- 
ing their ground, their distances, or what their troops could ac- 
complish. 

*His Royal Highness accompanied the centre column, consisting 
of the brigade of Guards, first brigade of the line, and the free 
corps of O'Donnell. 



64 



OBICIN AND SERVICES OF 



iTO*. drove the French before them and took three guns. On 
the morning of the seventeenth the enemy attacked Tur- 
coin ; the same day a column from Lisle, and another 
corps, forced their way through General Otto's position at 
Waterloo, and assailed the rear of the British. When the 
advance parties from Lisle showed themselves between 
Roubaix and Mouveaux, it was impossible for the Duke 
of York to join the brigade of Guards. Abercrombie was 
directed to retreat by Roubaix, at which place the troops 
were to assemble, and the Coldstream had been posted to 
cover the communication. On reaching the height* of 
Roubaix, his Royal Highness was beset on all sides for 
three miles by repeated attacks of the enemy's artiileiy and 
cavalry; he therefore continued his retreat to Lannoy. 
Finding that place in possession of the French, he went 
round the town under a heavy fire, and made his way 
Ai»y irih. through the fields to Templeuve. Major-Gencral Fox was 
attacked by the Lisle column, and also retreated; but as 
his communication with the brigade of Guards and Launoy 
was cut off, he joined General Otto. In this action 
Lieutenant-Colonel Gascoyne was wounded. The Cold- 
stream lost one drummer, and fifteen rank and file killed, 
wounded, and missing. 

During the conflict at Turcoin," the brigade of Guai-ds 
and the heavy cavalry remained as a reserve in the camp 
at Templeuve, and continued under arms all night. 

The position occupied by the British extended from the 
Sclield to the Orchies Uoad, and was secured by redoubts 
covering the front and flanks. 

The Prince of Orange drove the enemy from Charieroi, 
befOTC which town they had broken ground. 

' The French ha*e given b very exa^ernted account of the action 
of Turcoin. and estimate the loss of Ibe British at Ino thousflnd 
{irisoners aud sixly pieces of cannon. 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 65 

Soeb was the immerical superiority of the Freach, i79«. 
arisiiig ftom their compulaatoiy system, that when coe 
corps of troops was beaten, its pUce was inmiediately 
occupied by another. 

At day-hieak on the tweuty-secoud of May, Pich^m 
with two hundred thousand men commenced a series of 
attacks on the position of the Allies: his troops ad?anoed 
under a heayy fire of artillery; and after many unsuc- 
cessful eflbrts, haring made no impression on the line, he 
was obliged, late in the CYening, to retire. Major-General 
Fox and the second brigade made themselves coqspicuous 
by the spirited manner in which they stormed and carried 
the village of Pontechin. 

The sentiments of hostility entertained by the ruling 
party in the enemy's Oovemm^it against this country were 
so ferocious, as almost to exceed beUef in the present day. 
The French Jacobins declared Mr. Pitt, the British Prime 
Minister, an enemy to the human race. They issued an 
order to their armies that no quarter should be given to 
the English or Hanoverians ; an injunction scarcely to be 
paralleled in the darkest and most barbarous days of 
ancient warfare. This order was received with merited 
contempt by the brave men who composed the French 
armies; it was sent to the Republican troops with the fol- 
lowing address: — 

*' England is capable of every outrage on humanity, 
'^ and every crime towards the Republic. She attacks the 
** rights of nations, and threatens to annihilate liberty. 
How long will you suffer the slaves of Geoige to con- 
tinue on your frontiers, the soldiers of the most atro- 
'^ cious of tyrants ? He formed the Congress of Pilnitz, 
** and brought about the disgraceful surrender of Toulon. 
** He massacred our cities, and endeavoured to destroy 
*^ the national representation. He starved your plains. 



4i 



56 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1794. *^ and purchased treasons on the frontiers. When the 
*^' " events of battle should place in your power either Ei^- 
'^ lish or Hanoverians, bring to remembrance the vast 
** tracts of country English slaves have laid waste. Carry 
** your views to La Vendee, Toulon, Lyons, Landiecy, 
*^ Martinico, and St. Domii^o; places still reeking with 
** blood, which the atrocious policy of the English has 
^* shed. Do not trust to their artful language, which 
'Ms an additional crime, worthy of their perfidious 
** character and MachiaveUan government. Those who 
" boast that they abhor the tyranny of George, say, can 
** they fight him? No! no! Republican soldiers: you 
" ought, therefore, when victory shall put in your power 
'^ either EngUshmen or Hanoverians, to strike; not one of 
" them ought to return to the traitorous territory of Eng- 
" land, or to be brought into France. Let the British 
" slaves perish, and Europe be free ! " 

The Duke of York immediately noticed the sanguinary 
decree in terms worthy of his character and his country. 



" General Orders, Jane 7th. 
June 7th. ** His Royal Highness the Duke of York thinks it in- 
'' cumbent on him to announce to the British and Hano- 
^^ verian troops under his command, that the National 
" Convention of France, pursuing that gradation of crimes 
'' and horrors, which has distinguished the periods of its 
^^ government as the most calamitous of any that has yet 
'^ occurred in the history of the world, has just passed a 
decree that their soldiers shall give no quarter to the 
British or Hanoverian troops. His Royal Highness 
'^ anticipates the indignation and horror which has natu- 
** rally arisen in the minds of the brave troops whom he 
'* addresses, upon receiving tliis information. His Royal 
•' Highness desires, however, to remind them, that mercy 






THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 67 

** to the vanquished is the brightest gem in a soldier's 1794. 
*^ character; and exhorts them not to suffer their resent- 
** ment to lead them to any precipitate act of cruelty on 
** their part, which may sully the reputation they have 
'' acquired in the world. His Royal Highness believes 
** that it would be difficult for brave men to conceive that 
^^ any set of men, who are themselves exempt from sha- 
^* riag in the dangers of war, should be so base and 
*' cowardly as to seek to aggravate the calamities of 
^' it upon the unfortunate people who are subject to their 
** orders. 

** It was indeed reserved for the present times to pro- 
'* duce to the world the proof of the possibility of the 
** existence of such atrocity and infamy. The pretence 
for issuing this decree, even if founded in truth, would 
justify it only to minds similar to those of the members 
*^ of the National Convention. It is, in fact, too absurd 
'^ to be noticed, and still less to be refuted. The French 
'' must themselves see through the flimsy artifice of an 
** intended assassination, by which Robespierre has suc- 
'' ceeded in procuring that military guard, which has at 
** once estabUshed him the successor of the unfortunate 
** Louis, by whatever name he may choose to dignify his 
'^ future reign. In all the wars which from the earliest 
** times have existed between the English and the French 
** nations, they have been accustomed to consider each 
^* other in the light of generous as well as brave enemies, 
'* while the Hanoverians, for a century the allies of the 
former, have shared in this reciprocal esteem. Huma- 
nity and kindness have at all times taken place the 
instant that opposition ceased ; and the same cloak has 






*' been frequently seen covering those who were wounded, 
'^ and enemies, whilst indiscriminately conveying to the 



hospitals of the conquerors. 



\ 



OS ORIGIN AND SEIIVICES OF 

" The British and Uanoveriaa armieB will not believe 
" that the French nation, even under their present infatu- 
" ation, can so far forget their characters ae soldiers, as 
" to pay any attention to a decree, as injurious to them- 
" selves as it is disgrECeful to the persons who passed it: 
" on this confidence his Royal Highness trusts that the 
" soldiers of both nations will confine their sentiments of 
" resentment and abhorrence to the National Convention 
" alone; persuaded that they will be joined in them by 
" every Frenchman who possesses one spark of honoiir, or 
" one principle of a soldier: and his Royal Highness is 
" confident that it will only be on finding, contrary to every 
" expectation, that the French army has relinquished every 
" title to the fair character of soldiers and of men, by 
" submitting to, and obeying so atrocious an order, that 
" the brave troops under his command will think thein- 
" selves justified, and indeed under the necessity of 
" adopting a species of warfare, for which they wdl stand 
" acquitted to their own conscience, to their country, and 
" the world : in such an event the French army alone 
" will be answerable for the tenfold vengeance which will 
" fall upon themselves, their wives and their children, and 
" their unfortunate country, already gi-oaning under every 
" calamity which the accumulated crimes of unprincipled 
" ambition and avarice can heap upon their devoted 
" victims. 

" His Royal Highness desires these orders may he 
" read and explained to the men at their successive loU- 
" callings." 

To the credit of the French troops, neither officers nor 
soldiers carried the brutal commands of the Convention 
into execution ; many of the superior officers positively 
refused to enforce the decree, and it was generally dis- 
regarded by their army. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 59 

The Princes of Cobourg and Orange, with General ^T94. 
BeauheUy attacked Oeneral Jourdan, who was strongly 
posted near Flenms. This action continned till nearly the 
close of the day, when the Allied army was repulsed at 
all points. They took advantage of the night and re- 
treated on Marbois and Nivelle, in the hope of reaching 
Namnr. 

The Duke of York, finding it impossible to form a JnMSficb. 
junction with Clairfait, retreated through Toumay tp 
RomanXy where the troops under his command encamped 
till the third of July, when reinforcements arrived from Jsiy. 
England and landed at Ostend. 

Tile four light infantry companies of the battalions of 
Onards at home embarked for the Continent on the fifth 
of July. The light infantry of the sec(Mid battalion of the 
C(Mstream consisted of Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel 
John Calcraft, Lieutenants and Captains John S. Stewart, 
and Cteorge Hart Dyke, five Serjeants, five corporals, two 
buglers, and one hundred and fifty-four privates.^ 

As the French occupied the country about Ostend, it 
was necessary for Lord Moira, who led the reinforcements, 
to make his way through all opposition and endeavour to 
join the Duke of York: this, by a rapid movement, he 
effected at Malines. Joiy Pth. 

Toumay, Ghent, and Ostend, all fell nearly at the 
same time into the hands of the French. 

The light companies of the Guards, with a detachment 
for the Coldstream, arrived on the seventeenth : the light 
companies joined the flank battalion, now increased to 
twelve companies. 

The troops marched through West Wesel towards Ro- July 23rd, 



' The establishment at this time was only ninety-five privates ; 
the fifty-Dine supernumeraries might have been to recruit the bat- 
talioo. 






W nlUOlfi AND SERVICES IIF 

I'M. sendale; passed Breda, and encamped near Osterhout, 
Abb- S4tb. '^ "^ . 

at which place head-quartera were eatablislied. On the 

September, first of September they moved to Berliconi. On the 
fourteenth the out-posts were attacked along the Dourmel, 
and the troops of Hesse Darmstadt were forced with 
considerable loss. 

The Duke of York at length thought it prudent to cross 
Sepi. itith. the Maese, and encamped at Wichen. 

The enemy were repulsed in their attempts to advance 
on the twenty-first and twenty-second of September. 
October. Early in October the Duke of York concentrated his 
army about Nimegueu, On the twentieth a general at- 
OcLMth. tack was made on all the out-posts, A few days after the 
enemy advanced towards Nimeguen. A change of posi- 
tion took place during the night of the thirtieth, when the 
Oci 3ut. Coldstream moved through Yoondon by Eelst, and 
arrived on the sixth of November at Sandyke. 

The winter' was unusually severe ; before Christmas the 
Maese and Waal were frozen. The enemy crossed the 
Maese, and another corps marched over the ice and took 
possession of the island of Bommel. 
i7ft>. In January Pichegru passed the Waal at several points, 

Hiuu-T- ^^j made a general attack on the Allies, whose line 
extended between Nimeguen and Amheim. 

' A commiHee wbb formed at tbe Crown and Anchor in the 
Strand for supplying Ihe army in Flanders with extra clothing : 
during the year Ihe Coldslream nas furniahed nith eiglil hundred 
aod seven flnnnel waiatcoats, and one hundred and fifty-nine pairs 
of shoes. A letter from his Royal Higboess the Duke ofYork to 
William Devnynes. Esq. the Chairman, says, " his Royal Highness 
" is fully sensible bow inucb is due to the acliTity and spirit that 
" have actuated the committee at which you preside, in forward- 
" ing wbnt will tend so materially to preserve the health of the 
" British soldiers in their present situation : and their grateful 
•■ acknowIeiigemenU cannot he waniiug to ibcir country for the 
" liberal provision il has made Ibcm." 



I 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 61 

The Duke of York had previously returned > to Eng- it95. 
land, in consequence of which the command devolved on 
General Walmoden, who had to contend with a victorious 
army greatly superior in numbers. 

The brigade of Guards passed the Leek a second time 
cm the tenth, and moved next day to the right of Rhenen. 

The Allies were attacked and forced, and the Austri- 
ans abandoned Huessen, while the Hanoverians retired 
across the lingen. At Rhenen the French were kept in 
check for a considerable time, and subsequently repulsed 
by the brilliant and spirited stand made by the brigade of 
Guards in conjunction with the infantry of the Prince of 
Salm. During the night the English retreated to Voort- 
hnizen, taking with them their sick and wounded, with 
the exception of three hundred, who were left behind and 
treated by the French with great humanity. 

The sufferings of the army during this retreat, in the 
severest part of one of the coldest winters known for some 
years in Holland, were of the most serious nature; the 
state of the sick and wounded was dreadful; many were 
frozen in the wagons and perished. The sixteenth of 
January was a day peculiarly memorable for the hardship 
and distress endured by the troops on their retreat to De- 
venter. The men had marched at the usual hour, and 
about three in the afternoon reached Welaw, where it was 
intended to halt for the night, but circumstances were 
such as to make it necessary to prolong the march fifteen 
miles further. The troops, besides suffering from the 
severity of the weather and from fatigue, had obtained no 
rations during the day. The march was continued for 
about four miles over a sandy desert. The wind being 
excessively high, carried with it drifted snow and sand 

* Left the army on the sixth of December. 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



I frame could hardly 



with such violence that th( 
resist its power; the cold waa intense; the water collected in 
the eyes of the men congealed as it fell, and hung in icicles 
from their eye-lashes; the breath froze and lodged in in- 
crustations of ice about the face, and on the blankets and 
coats wrapped round the soldiers. Numbers of men and 
women after dark lost sight of the column, and slept to 
wake no more. The troops reached BrickUoi^e between 
ten and eleven at night, where the houses were already 
filled with Hessian soldiers, who opposed their admission 
in almost every instance ; and it was only obtained at lost 
by force or stealth,' 

Notwithstanding one of the moat fatiguing and distress- 
ing marches ever experienced, the retreating army suc- 
ceeded in conveying to Deveuter all tlieir ammuDition, 
artillery, and military stores of every description. Fifty 
thousand French were eager in pursuit; and the English 

. qaitted Deventcr only two days before it was entered by 
the enemy. Almost all the marches during this distressing 
retreat were made tlirough roads covered with ice or snow, 

. mud or water. TheBritislicroasedtheVecht and the river 
Eras. On the twenty-fourth of February they were over- 
taken by a portion of the French troops ; but they dis- 
played such courage and firmness that the efforts of the 
enemy to interrupt them were unavailing. The army 
therefore continued to retreat till it reached Bremen on the 
twenty-eighth of March, where it was joined by the two 



' On Ibf Dineleeolh of January the Prince i>f Orange embarked 
in an open boat at Sclieveling : an immense crowd aMembled at Ifae 
llagae on llie morning a( his departure, and iosi&ted on his beii^ 
bruuslil Id trial for Ihe part he had taken in farour of Ibe Engli«h. 
Ilii Ouards however protected biin from all violence, and con- 
ducted him to tbe waler-side, when he was again in dan^r till they 
diiperied the populace. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 63 

flank battalions. At this place head-quarters and the 1795« 
brigade of Guards were stationed. 

In taking a retrospective view of the campaign, the 
British troops will not be found deficient in their accus- 
tomed steadiness in the field, and habits of subordination 
and military discipline. From their manner of living, and 
Ifae abundant supplies furnished by the commissariat 
department, they are seldom exposed to great privations. 
But when the want of food or clothing is experienced, as it 
was in this campaign, or when the men, without sufficient 
'•hdlter, are subject to hardships from the inclemency of the 
•seasons, those evils are usually borne by them in a man- 
ner that evinces the superiority of the British soldier. The 
troops behaved, throughout the campaigns of 1793 and 
1794,^ with a spirit that did them infinite credit, and 
tBfpemUly during this arduous retreat. 

The Coldstream lefl Bremen on the eleventh of April, 
anived at Willsdorf on the thirteenth, and embarked at 
Biemenlee next day on board the Bellona and Loyal 
Briton transports. Afler a tedious voyage, the first bat- 
talion was landed at Greenwich, and marched to their May 9tb. 
^puffteis in London. The men had eight days' leave 
granted them to see their friends. 

* ** Soon after the commeDcemeDt of the war with France it was 
*' liaolved to detach ahody of troops for the protection of Holland. 
** Eighteen hondred Guards were accordingly embarked for that 
** senice in presence of the King and Royal Family at Greenwich. 
** They soon reached the place of destination, and their arrival, 
** mall as their nambers were, fortunately turned the tide of sue- 
** «eai against the French. 

«< In the course of two campaigns they distingaished theniselTes 
** w Flanders on various occasions, particularly at Lincelles, 
** where all the three battalions behaved to admiration." — Grott*s 
MiBUoy AniiqmHeSy vol. ii. pag^ 208. 



UKlCilN AND SEltVICES UF 



CHAPTER IV. 



Light compSDJes of Ibe Ftrsl, Coldstream, and Tliird Guords eni' 
bark furUatend — First batlalious of the three rpgiments of Guards 
embark for Ireland— Expedition to Holland— Two brigades of 
Guards embark — Troops land near the Helder Point — Dutch 
driven back — Their fleet surrenders — French and Bataviaus 
repulsed — Duke of York takes commnud of the array — Battle of 
Bergen — Four tliousand KussianB lard at the Helder — Battle of 
Alkmaar — Capitulation of the town — British and Russians re- 
embark—Firsl battalion lands at Yarmouth. 

1796. An expedition to Ostend, under General Cootc, com- 
posed of about twelve hundred men, and the eight light 
companies of the First,' Coldstream, and Third Guards, was 
fitted out for the purpose of destroying the basin, gates, 
and sluices of the Bruges canal, tuid intercepting the navi- 
gation between Ostend and Holland. 

The command of the light infantry battalion devolved 
on Colonel Calcraft of the Coldstream, captain of the light 
company of the second battalion, Colonel the Honourable 
Edward Finch, who commanded tlie light company of the 
first battahon, having been accidentally wounded at a 
field-day on Barham Downs previous to the embarkation. 

The transports sailed from Margate on the fourteenth of 
May, and as early as five o'clock on the morning of the 
nineteenth the troops, with artillery, miners, and every 
requisite, were on shore. About ten o'clock the sluice- 
gates and works were imperfectly blown up," and the men 



' The four light companies of the First Guards did 
bark, having separated at sea. 

* " His Majesty's Guards were conspicuous on all 
" this service, and have added to their fonner laurels.' 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 65 

ordered to re-embark ; but the surf and wind had so much i79B. 
increased, that to leave the shore became impracticable. 
General Coote, under these circumstances, thought fit to 
sunmion Ostend^ to surrender, and received for answer 
^'That the garrison must be first buried under the ruins." 
Coote then attempted to intrench himself on some sand- 
hills near the coast Early on the morning of the twen- 
tieth he was attacked by several columns of the enemy ; 
and after some ineffectual endeavours to contend against 
superior numbers, the troops surrendered as prisoners of 
war, when they were marched from Ostend through Lille 
into the citadel. The officers belonging to the two com- 
panies of the Coldstream taken were Lieutenant-Colonel 
John Calcraft, Captains Thomas Armstrong and Wil- 
loughby Beane, and Assistant-Surgeon Fullelove.* Seve- 
ral of the officers obtained leave to return to England the 
sooner to effect their exchange.^ 

This expedition may be added to the list of injudicious 
attempts made at various times by England on the Conti- 
nent, without any object of importance^ or national advan- 
tage, to be attained. Whatever damage was done to the 
sluices or canals between Bruges and Ostend could not be 
of material benefit to Great Britain, or of any great public 
injury to France. This petty, vexatious, and buccaneering 

' General Coote, in hU dispatches, says *' a feint." 
' Loss of the Coldstream on the 20th of May : 4 rank and file 
killed, 2 drummers missing. Surrendered prisoners in the four 
companies of the Coldstream and Third, 2 Captains and Lieute- 
nant-Colonels, 5 Lieutenants and Captains, 1 Quarter-Master, I 
Assistant-Surgeon, 16 Serjeants, 9 drummers, and 260 rank and 
file. Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell of the Third Guards not in- 
cluded, having died of his wounds. 

' After being detained prisoners nine months the two compa- 
nies were exchanged, and on their return landed at Dover, whence 
they marched to their quarters in London. 

VOL. II. E 



66 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1798. 



system of warfare has been much practised by the English, 
though it could only tend to keep up the flame of discord 
between hostile countries by adding the irritation of private 
injury to national conflict. It is to be hoped that civiliza- 
tion is too far advanced, and the mutual interest of nations 
too well understood, to permit the recurrence of such acts 
of folly, inhumanity, and wasteful expenditure. 
June mh. The first battalions of the three regiments of Guards 
embarked at Portsmouth, and sailed for Ireland, where 
disturbances had broken out; the Coldstream were on 
board the Queen Charlotte and Repulse. Two battalions 
from the First and Third regiments of Guards were quar- 
tered at Waterford ; the first battalion of the Coldstream, 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Gascoyne, at Ross. The bri- 
gade was under the command of Major-General Stanwix.^ 



' Strenp^h of the three battalions of Guards, August Ist, 1798. 



Officers. 


Officers 
Hbaent. 


Non-Com. 
Officers. 


Kank 
^FUe. 


Sick. 
130 


Total. 


Wanting to 
complete. 


ToUl 
establishment. 


62 


25 


135 


1747 


2099 


523 


2622 



OFFICERS OF THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS IN IRELAND FROM 

JUNE, 17S>8. 



ft 



>♦ 



»« 



»♦ 



Major-Geu. Slaughter Stanwix. 
Colonel Andrew Cowell. 

Hon. Edward Finch. 
Isaac Gascoyne. 
Lt.-Col. C. Howard Bulkely. 
Arthur Brice. 
Edm. Lord Dungarvon. 
Lt.&Cnpt. K. A. Howard. 
H. Bayly. 
Hilton Jolliffe. 
Hon.C.G.M'Lellan. 
Tho. Stibbert. 
Jas. Phillips. 
Rich. Boulton. 
J. Allen Lloyd. 
R. I). Jackson. 



•f 



>f 



>» 



t» 



>• 



»» 



>♦ 



99 



♦ ♦ 



♦ » 



»» 



♦ » 



♦ « 



»• 



>» 



tt 



Ensign Montagu Wynyard. 

George Morgan. 

Gilbert Stirling. 

Charles Phillips. 

Charles Vis'. Petersham. 

Lord Charles Bentinck. 

George Sidley. 

John Thompson. 

Hon. A. Duncan. 

Matthew Onslow. 

John Frederick. 
Quarter-Master John Holmes. 
Surgeon George Ruse. 
Assistant do. John Simpson, 
John Gilham. 



>9 



»» 



99 



»t 



f« 



»» 



*t 



»» 



«» 



»» 



99 



99 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 67 

At this time the grenadier battalion, composed of eight 1799. 
companies, four from the First, two from the Coldstream, 
and the same number from the Third Guards, with the 
third battalion of the First Guards, formed the first brigade 
of Guards under Major-General D'Oyley. The first bat- 
talion of the Coldstream and that of the Third Guards 
under Major-General Burrard formed the second bri- 
gade. 

In July, by the military arrangements entered into 
between the Confederate Courts and Great Britain, it was 
agreed that a diversion should be attempted by sending an 
expedition to invade Holland, in conjunction with twenty 
thousand auxiliaries to be furnished by Russia. Early in 
August twelve thousand men assembled on the coast of 
Kent, and an equal number were preparing to meet at the 
same point. 

The brigade of Guards under Major-General Burrard 
left the camp at Barham Downs for Sandwich. They Aog. 7tb. 
embarked at Ramsgate on the twelfth, and sailed with the 
first division under Sir Ralph Abercrombie. Contrary 
winds prevented the English fleet, commanded by Lord 
Duncan, from reaching the Texel till the twenty-seventh. 
The disembarkation, which was covered by Vice-Admiral 
Mitchell, took place near the Helder Point. The troops 
had scarcely begun to move forward when the right was 
briskly attacked by a considerable Dutch force under 
General Daendels: the attack was repeated with fresh 
troops, but the enemy were repulsed after a severe contest, 
and retired to a position two leagues further in the rear. 
Towards the close of the day Major-General D'Oy ley's 
brigade of Guards was brought into action, and suffered 
some loss. The Coldstream lost seven rank and file 
wounded, one missing. The casualties among the men 
of the two grenadier companies are necessarily omitted 
during the campaign, as they were not separately stated 



68 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1799. from that of the battalion of grenadiers. Late at night the 
garrison of a fort at the Heldcr Point, consisting of nearly 
two thousand national troops, withdrew. Next morning 
the works were occupied by the British. 

The passage of the Texel being opened, the Dutch fleet 
lying near the Vlieter surrendered to Admiral Mitchell. 
In the mean time, till the expected reinforcements should 
arrive from England, Sir Ralph Abercrombie intrenched 

Sept. i8t. his troops in the peninsula of the Helder. The British 
were in position along the Groot Sluys of the Zype, with 
Oude Sluys on Zuider Zee on the left, and Petten on the 
North Sea on their right. Abercrombie, apprised of the 
enemy's intention, took the necessary precautions. 

Sept. loth. At day-break the French and Batavians attacked the 
intrenchments in three columns, on the right and centre. 
One of the enemy's columns, composed of Dutch, com- 
manded by General Daendels, moved on the village of 
St. Martin; a second under General de Monceau, also 
composed of Dutch, moved on Crabbendam and Zyper 
Sluys ; the French left assailed that part of the position 
occupied by the brigade of Guards under Major-General 
Burrard. They were received with determined courage, 
and every where driven back. About ten o'clock the enemy 
retreated towards Alkmaar, leaving many killed and 
wounded, one gun and a number of waggons and pon- 
toons. 

Sir Ralph Abercrombie in his dispatch says, " It is im- 
*' possible for me to do full justice to the conduct of the 
" troops. The two brigades of Guards repulsed with 
** with great vigour the column of French which had 
*' advanced to attack them, and where the slaughter of the 
** enemy was great."* 



* Sir Ralph Abercrombie's dispatch— London Gazette Extraordi- 
nary, Sept. IC, 1799. No. 15182. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 69 

This affair cost the enemy one thousand killed and i799. 
wounded, and the Allies about two hundred. 

The loss of the Coldstream was one rank and file killed, 
eight wounded. After the action the army re-occupied its 
position. 

The Duke of York landed in Holland, and took the com- Sept. i3Ui. 
mand of the army. Soon after the Russian contingent 
and all the forces destined for the expedition arrived, when 
it was determined to commence offensive operations. 

Two hours before day-break on the nineteenth all were Sept. 19th. 
in readiness to attack the lines of General Brune in front 
of Alkmaar. The right column consisted of twelve Rus- 
sian battalions, the Seventh Light Dragoons, and General 
Manners's brigade under the Russian General d'Herman, 
extending to the sand-hills on the coast near Cam perdown, 
where part of the enemy had posted themselves most ad- 
vantageously. The next column was commanded by 
Lieutenant-General Dundas, and consisted of two squa- 
drons of the Eleventh. Light Dragoons, the two brigades of 
Guards, and Prince William of Gloucester's brigade. 
Two squadrons of the Eleventh Light Dragoons and the 
brigades of Major-Generals Don and Coote formed the 
third column, under Sir James Pulteney . The left column, 
under Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercrombie, was 
composed of two squadrons of the Eighteenth Dragoons^ 
and the brigades of the Earl of Chatham, Major-General 
Moore, and the Earl of Cavan ; besides four battalions, one 
of grenadiers, and one of light infantry of the line, 
and the Twenty-third and Fifty-fifth regiments under 
Colonel Mac Donald. The intention was to outflank both 
wings of the enemy. Sir Ralph Abercrombie was detached 
to Hoom in rear of the Dutch, who formed the enemy's 
right. The first brigade of Guards moved from Taten- 
hoorn and Krabendaw, on the left of the Alkmaar canal, to 
co-operate with the corps under Major-General Sedmorab- 



70 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1799. zen in attacking Schoreldam. The second brigade of 
Guards, under Major-General Borrard, was to keep up 
the communication vrith the column under Sir James Pulte- 
ney. General Herman attacked the^ front and left of the 
enemy's line, which gave way; the Russian column, how- 
ever, was placed in a critical position. From having ad- 
vanced too far, they were nearly surrounded, and the village 
of Bergen, which had been for some time in their occu- 
pation, was retaken by General Vandamme at the point of 
the bayonet. The Russians had given themselves up to 
plunder, and being unsupported, were, after a gallant con- 
test, almost destroyed. Had they shown on this occasion 
as much discipline as intrepidity, they might have retained 
the ground they had gained. General Herman was made 
prisoner, and General Esseu dangerously wounded. 

The right wing of the Batavian army under General 
Duendels was opposed to the British, who maintained 
their position till past twelve p. m., when they retired in 
consequence of the defeat of the Russian column. The 
J)ukc of York endeavoured to repair the disorder occa- 
sioned by tlieir misconduct, and immediately attacked the 
village of Schorel with General Manners's brigade, sup- 
|H)rted by three Russian battalions, the brigade of Guards, 
and the Thirty-fifth regiment, commanded by Prince 
William. As all attempts to retrieve the disaster at Ber* 
gen proved inefiectual, after carrying Schorel, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief withdrew his left. Sir Ralph Abercrom- 
bie also quitttnl the post of Hoom during the night, and the 
two armies resumed their former positions. 

The British in this encounter lost one hundred and 
twenty killed, four hundred wounded, and five hundred 
missing. The French stated their loss to be one hundred 
and fifty kille<l, and three hundred wounded. That of the 
Hussiuns was considerable. 
The casualties in the Coldstream were, Lieutenant- 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 71 

Colonel Morris of the grenadier battalion of Guards killed, i799. 
one Serjeant, nine rank and file killed ; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Cunynghame, one serjeant, and twenty-one rank and file 
wounded; one seijeant and thirteen rank and file missing* 

Reinforcements of upwards of four thousand Russians 
landed at the Helder on the twenty-sixth, and marched to 
join their main body. 

The inclemency of the weather compelled the contending 
armies to remain opposite each other till the second of October. 
October, when the Duke of York attacked the enemy's 
lines. *' The points where this well-fought battle was 
" principally contested, were from the sea- shore in front of 
" Egmont, extending along the sandy desert, or height, 
'* above Bei^en :"* the contest was severe, and continued 
from six o'clock a. m. till the same hour in the evening. 
Sir Ralph Abercrombie commanded the right, Lieutenant- 
General Dundas the centre, and Major-General Burrard 
the left. Afler a gallant resistance the enemy were totally 
defeated, and retired in the night from their ground on the 
Lange Dyke, the Koe Dyke at Bergen, and from their ex- 
tensive range of sand-hills between the latter place and 
Egmont-op-Zee to a still stronger position at Beverwick, 
three leagues from Haarlem. 

The victory was attended with a loss of more than two 
thousand men; that of the enemy exceeded four thousand 
killed, three hundred prisoners, seven pieces of cannon, 
and many tumbrels. 

The British took possession of Alkmaar ; and on the sixth Oct. 3rd. 
the Duke of York, knowing the enemy expected reinforce- 
ments, thought it expedient again to attack, and, if possi- 
ble, to force them to retire " before they had an oppor- 



' The Duke of York's dispatch — LoiHik>H Gazette Extraordinary, 
Oct. 8, 1799. No. 15190. 



72 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

^79J^- tunity of strengthening by works the short and very 
defensible line which they occupied/' The British and 
Russians first gained possession of the villages of limmen 
and Baccum. The enemy advanced, and the action became 
general along the whole line from Limmen to the sea, and 
continued with great obstinacy on both sides till dark, when 
they retreated, leaving the Confederates masters of the field. 

The following is an extract from his Royal Highness the 
Duke of York's dispatch, dated " Head-Quarters, Alk- 
maar, October 7th, 1799 : — 

'* Nor ought 1 to omit the praise due to Colonel Clephane, 
*' commanding four companies of tlie Third, and one com- 
'* pany of the Coldstream regiment of Guards, who by a spi- 
'^ rited charge drove two battalions of the enemy from the 
'* post of Archer Sloot, making two hundred prisoners." 

The loss of the Allies was two thousand five hundred 
and fifty-five killed, wounded, and prisoners. The Cold- 
stream lost one man killed, thirteen wounded, and three 
rank and file missing. 

The Duke of York ascertained tliat since the second, 
the enemy had been reinforced by six thousand infantry, 
and their position at Bevcrwick considerably improved. 
These were obstacles which it would be necessary to re- 
move previous to making any attempt on Haarlem. The 
enemy had also detached a strong force to Purmirind, 
which, if the Duke of York's army advanced, would be 
left in his rear. His Royal Highness, therefore, taking 
these circumstances into consideration, together with the 
want of supplies of every description and the impracticable 
state of the roads, judged it advisable to withdraw from 
his advanced position, and wait for further instructions 
from England. 

Subsequently the Allies concentrated in their intrench- 
mcnts within the Holder Point. Alkmaar and Iloorn 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 73 

were again occupied by the enemy, who nearly surrounded iTV^?. 
the Allied camp. In face of the French army it would 
have been dangerous to attempt to re-embark : on the 
other handy the English had it in their power to cut the 
dykes, which would devastate the country. A convention 
was therefore signed on the eighteenth of October, which 
provided that the British and Russian army should em- 
bark as soon as possible without committing any injury, 
and that eight thousand French and Dutch prisoners of 
war, then detained in England, should be restored uncon- 
ditionally to their respective countries. 

The army commenced their re-embarkation on the 
twenty-second. The first battalion of the Coldstream 
landed at Yarmouth on the thirty-first, and marched to 
their quarters in Upper Westminster. The grenadier bat- 
talion, in which were the grenadier companies of the 
Coldstream, disembarked at Ramsgate. 

OFFICERS OF THE COLDSTREAM CTARDS IN HOLLAND, 1790. 

Colonel Hod. Edward Finch. | Captain James Pliillips. 

Lt.-Col. C. Howard Bulkely. j „ Richard Bonltoii. 

,f Hon. James Forbes. | ,, John Allen Lloyd. 

Roger Morris. i ,, Rich. Do wnes Jackson. 



♦♦ 

*♦ 

It 

K. A. Howard. 



>» 



j» 



Arthur Brice. Ensign Sir John Gordon, Bart. 

Edmund Earl of Cork. | ,, George Morgan. 
John Leveson Guwer. j „ Gilbert Sterling. 
Francis Cunyngharoe. I ,, Charles Phillips. 

,, Richard Beadon. 
,, John Thompson. 
„ John Frederick. 
„ W. T. Myers. 
,, L. F. Adams. 
Quarter-Master John Holnu's. 
Surgpon George Ruse. 
Assistant do. John T. Siuip.s..>n. 
Hun. John Wingfiild. ! .. John Gilhani. 

William Sheridan. 



Capt.-Lieut. Thos. Armstrong. 
Captain Henry Bayly. 
,, Henry Mac Kinnon. 
,, M. Warren Peacocke. 
Hilton JollifTe. 
Hun. C. Grey M'Lellan. 
Thomas Stibbert. 



74 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



CHAPTER V. 

First battalion joins the expedition under Abercrombie — British 
land iu Aboukir Bay — Abercrombie attacks the French lines — 
Battle of Alexandria — Death of Abercrombie — Reinforcements 
arrive for the Coldstream — Cavan appointed to command the 
brigade of Guards — Marabout capitulates — Alexandria surren- 
ders — Army returns to England — First battalion lands — 
Marches through Winchester for London — Peace of Amiens — 
Buonaparte declared First Consul — War with France — First 
battalions of Coldstream and Third brigaded under Finch — Ar- 
rive at Chelmsford — Letter to Patriotic Fund from non-com- 
missioned officers and soldiers of the Egyptian brigade of Guards 
— First battalion march for Cox-Heath Camp— In quarters at 
Chatham — George III. reviews his Guards at Wimbledon — 
Death of the Duke of Gloucester — Duke of York succeeds in 
command of the First Guards — Duke of Cambridge appointed 
Colonel of the Coldstream — Treaty of Petersburgh — First batta- 
lion embark under Lord Cathcart — Land at Cuxhaven — March 
to Bremen — Battle of Austerlitz— Expedition returns to England. 

In May, 1798, General Buonaparte had sailed from Tou- 
lon for Egypt with a large force, and the French continued 
to hold possession of that country. 
nuM). On the eighteenth of August, 1800, eight companies of 

the first battalion of the Coldstream embarked at the 
Cove of Cork on board two sixty-four gun ships, the 
Dictator and Delft, and joined an expedition under Sir 
James Pulteney, against Vigo, which produced no result. 
They then proceeded from Vigo to the Mediterranean, 
where they united with the army under Sir Ralph Aber- 
crombie, which after some delay reached Marmorice Bay. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



75 



The second division also arrived in a few days. The 
cavalry and sick were put on shore, and the regiments 
landed in succession. 

The expedition remained some time on the coast of 
Asia Minor, and sailed on the twenty-second of February 
from Marmorice with the daring purpose of wresting 
Egypt from the grasp of that celebrated army of Italy, 
whose achievements in Europe had filled the civilized 
world with admiration and astonishment. The veteran 
comrades of Buonaparte, notwithstanding the losses they 
had sustained in their contests with the Turks and Mame- 
lukes, were still greatly superior in numbers to the troops' 



1800. 



FORCE OF THE BRITISH ARMY, 

IncludiDg 1000 sick, and 500 Maltese. 

Reserve. 



J Major-Gen. Hon. 
*\ George J.Ludlow 



Ist or Rov** 
Two bat" of 

the 64th 
92d . 

8th . 
I3th. 
19th. 
OOth. 



Major-Gen. 
Coote 



2d. 
dOth. 
79th. 

I8tb. 
dOth. 
44th. 
89th. 

Minorca 
De Rollc's 
Dillon's 



,Maj.-Gcn. Cradock 



I Major-Geu. Lord 
I Cavan 

} Brigadier-General 
John Doyle 



} 



Major-GcneralJohn 
Stuart 



40th Flank companies 
23d 
28th 
42d 
58th 

Corsican Rangers .... 
Detachment 1 1th Dragoons . 
Do. Hompesch's Dragoons^ 







12th Dragoons 1 Brigadier-Gcn. 
26tli Do. j Finch 

Artillery and 1 Brigadier-Gen. 
Pioneers J Lawson 



76 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1800. under Abercroinbie ; they were besides in possession of 
the resources of the country and of all its strong-holds, 
Tvhich had been fortified with the utmost skill and care. 
Eighteen months' occupation had inured the French to 
tlie burning suns of Egypt, which had become their 
adopted country, and they confidently prepared to repel 
tlie meditated attack. The British were strangers to that 
ungenial climate, and laboured under all the debilitating 
consequences of a protracted voyage and long confinement 
on ship-board: but without pausing to calculate disad- 
vantages, they cheerfully proceeded to accomplish their 
country's errand. 

MHr^Vat ^^ ^^y previous to anchoring in Aboukir Bay it was 
' given out that the brigade of Guards was to be in the first 
line. 

The following order was issued on the fourth of 
March : — 

" The troops will hold themselves in readiness to land 
*' as soon as the weather permits. The first division that 
'^ disembarks, consisting of the brigade of Guards, re- 
" serve, 2** battalions of the Royals, and 64*** regiments, 
" will carry their blankets and three days' provisions, and 
*' will leave their knapsacks on board." 

Mar.i'th. The Weather was unfavourable; but becoming more 
moderate at two o'clock on the morning of the eighth, the 
first division, consisting of the reserve under Major-Ge- 
neral Moore, the brigade of Guards under Major-General 
the Honourable James Ludlow, the Royals, the first bat- 
talion of the Fifty-fourth regiment, and part of the second 
battalion, with some other detachments, the whole being 
under the command of Major-General Coote, got into the 
boats and pushed off for their rendezvous, some hundred 
paces from the shore. Each flank was protected by light 
armed vessels, and several bombs and gun-brigs were 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 77 

moored with their broadsides to the beach. At nine laoi. 
o'clock the signal was ji^ven. About two thousand French 
were advantageously posted on the top of some sand-hills; 
the centre of their position was nearly two hundred feet 
above the level of the sea, on which were planted twelve 
pieces of cannon. These guns» as well as the castle of 
Aboukir, commanded the landing. When the boats ap- 
proached, they were assailed with grape and musketry 
from the shore. The reserve jumped out of their boats, 
formed y and pushed forward: the Twenty-third and 
Fortieth regiments gallantly charged the height, and kept 
advancing to the two hills in the rear. The Forty-second 
regiment gained the summit, notwithstanding a heavy dis- 
charge of grape-shot, and the opposition of a considerable 
force of infantry : on reaching the top, they were charged 
by a body of dragoons, who were however repulsed. On 
landing, the Guards were suddenly attacked by the same 
dragoons, who had rallied. The Fifty-eighth regiment, 
which had already formed on the right, opened a fire, 
under cover of which the Guards were enabled to show 
front, when the enemy's cavalry suffered greatly. The 
Fifty-fourth regiment and Royals reached the shore at the 
moment when a hostile column was advancing against the 
left of the Guards: on perceiving them, the French gave 
one discharge and retired. The heights were then occu- 
pied by the British, and. General Coote with the Guards 
coming up, the French retired behind the sand-hills. 

The loss of the enemy amounted to nearly four hundred ; 
that of the British to seven hundred and forty-two men. 
In the Coldstream the casualties were. Ensign Warren 
and seventeen rank and file killed ; Captains Plunkett, 
Frederick, Beadon, and Myers, Surgeon Rose, eleven 
Serjeants, one drummer, and fifty-seven rank and file 



78 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1801. wounded. Captain Frederick and Surgeon Rose died of 
their wounds. 

Aboukir Castle^ still held out: it was blockaded by 
the Queen's regiment and the Twenty-sixth dismounted 
Dragoons. 

Mar. 9th. The British troops were ordered to make a moyement 
in advance: the next day they approached the enemy, 
when some skirmishing took place. On the eleventh 
the following General Order was issued : — . 

" The army will advance to-morrow ; the brigade of 
** Guards marching from the right will lead the first co- 
** lumn: they will proceed along the road near the sea- 
*^ beach, facing the redoubts of Mandora to the left." 

Mar. i^tb. Sir Ralph Abercrombie next day moved to Mandora 
Tower, where the army encamped. The light troops of 
the enemy engaged the piquets nearly the whole march, 
which did not exceed four miles. The French, having 
received reinforcements from Cairo and Rosetta, had in- 
creased their strength to about thirty guns and six 
thousand men, including cavalry. 

Mar. 13th. On the thirteenth the enemy occupied a strong position 
on a rising ground, the ascent to which was gradual; 
their right extended towards the canal of Alexandria, their 
left to the sea. Abercrombie, whose troops were in two 
lines, formed them into columns of battalions, left in front, 
with the intention of attacking the enemy's right. When 
the British advanced, the French moved down from their 
position, and directed a spirited fire of musketry and 
artillery on the Ninety-second regiment. The enemy's 
cavalry at the same time charged the extreme right, and 
came in contact with the Ninetieth regiment, commanded 



' Surrendered on the thirteenth. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 79 

by Colonel Graham, since created Lord Lynedoch. This .,^*^*:,^ 
corps with undaunted courage awaited their approach, and 
at the exact moment threw in a volley, which obliged the 
French cavalry to swerve to the right previous to their 
flight. The English formed in two lines, the reserve in 
column on the right. The Guards supported the centre. 
General John Stuart's and Doyle's brigades moved in co- 
lumn in rear of the left. All preserving the greatest order 
steadily advanced under a heavy fire of artillery and 
musketry. The French were forced to retire through a 
plain of three miles to their lines in front of Alexandria. 

The English lost twelve hundred and eighty-four killed 
and wounded ; the French about five hundred, with four 
guns. Ensign Jenkinson of the Coldstream was killed, 
and Captain Beadon wounded ; two rank and file killed, 
and four wounded. Major-General Cradock distinguished 
himself; it was principally owing to his excellent arrange- 
ments that the enemy's cavalry was repulsed. The French 
Colonel Latour Maubourg was dangerously wounded. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brice of the Coldstream Guards 
commanded the piquets on the fourteenth, when he was 
attracted by some firing, and, proceeding to the spot, was 
wounded and taken prisoner,^ and died two days after. 

The British troops in every encounter from the time of 
their landing had shown themselves decidedly superior to 
the French. Their position was about four miles from 
Alexandria, with the sea on their right flank, and the 
Lake of Aboukir on the left. In front of the centre a 
considerable plain extended as far as the elevated ground 



* Sir Robert Wilson, in his Expedition to Egypt, says, ** lie 
*' missed his way when going his rounds, which it was almost im- 
** possible to prevent/' Walsh, in bis Campaign, also gives the 
same account. 



80 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1801. on which the enemy had intrenched themselves. The 
Twenty-eighth and Fifty-eighth regiments were posted 
among some ancient ruins and redoubts on the right, sup- 
ported by the Twenty-third, Fortieth, Forty-second, and 
the Corsican Rangers. Between the right and the right 
centre, occupied by the Guards on a rising ground » was a 
flat, on which there were some cayahy. From the hill 
where the Gruards stood the line ran obliquely to the left, 
at the end of which two batteries were intended to be con- 
structed, and were in a state of forwardness. On the left of 
the Guards the Ninety-second, Second, Fifty-fourth, First, 
Eighth, Eighteenth, Ninetieth, and Thirteenth regiments 
were stationed in Echelon, ready if necessary to form on the 
Guards. The second line was composed of the regiments 
of Minorca, De RoUe's, Dillon's, the Queen's, Forty- 
fourth, Eighty-ninth, Twelfth, and the Twenty-sixth dra- 
goons. 

The troops under the French General Menou, recently 
arrived from Grand Cairo, occupied a strong defensive 
position on some steep hills. In front of their right ran a 
strip of land joining the canal, which occasioned the 
left of the English to stand in the oblique position before 
described.* 
Mar. 2i8t. An hour before day on the morning of the twenty-first 
of March, General Menou, with his army increased to 
thirteen thousand men, and about equal to the Eng- 
lish, made a false attack on the left; but the report of 
musketry soon announced that tlie right was the point he 
really intended to assault. The British awaited the 
enemy's approach with great composure ; the latter ad- 



' The City and Pharos of Alexandria, with Pompey's Pillar and 
Cleopatra's Needle, were distinctly to be seen from the English 
camp. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 81 

vanced with load huzzas and drums beatinfir; Ccdonels i^oi- 

° Mar. SltU 

Pi^et and Houstoun, however, whose regiments held the 
key of the position, would not permit a shot to be fired 
till they were close at hand, when the troops were ordered 
to open their fire, which obliged the French to retreat. 
The enemy then wheeled to their right for the purpose of 
surrounding a redoubt ; a second column attacked in firont, 
and a third penetrated the ruins before mentioned. At 
this moment Colonel Crowdjye with the Fifty-eighth, after 
two or three rounds, rushed on them with the bayonet; 
this chai^ was supported by the Twenty-third. The 
Forty-second seized the opportunity, and advanced in the 
most gallant manner to cover the open space at which the 
column had entered, who after great loss surrendered. 
The Twenty-eighth, the Forty-second, and Fifty-eighth 
regiments, and the flank companies of the Twenty-third 
and Fortieth under Colonel Spencer, greatly distinguished 
themselves. General Stuart came up with his brigade, 
which quickly threw the enemy into disorder, and at length 
forced them to a precipitate flight. It was at this critical 
moment that Sir Ralph Abercrombie received his mortal 
wound.^ 

At day-break a strong column of French grenadiers, 
supported by a line of infantry, attacked the position oc- 
cupied by the Guards, whose skirmishers were driven in. 
The enemy's intention was to turn the left flank of the bri- 
gade, all the troops being placed in 6chelon. On the 
near approach of the French, several companies of the left 
battalion were thrown back. By a steady and incessant 
fire, together with the advance of General Coote's brigade, 
they completed the confusion of the enemy, who had already 



' Sir Ralph Abercrombie died on board the Foudroyant on the 
2Hih of March. 

VOL. II. ¥ 



(fis OHIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1801. shown an inclination to waver. The attack was principally 
confiQed to the right and centre. General Menou, finding 
all hisattempts unsuccessful, retreated, after a last effort to 
carry the position by a chaise of cavalry under Brigadier- 
General Roize,' supported by General Regnier with the 
divisions under Lanusse, Rampou, and Friant. 

The loss of the English was fourteen hundred and sixty- 
four men. Between three and four tfiousand French were 
left on the field of battle. The casualties in the Cold- 
stream Guards were, seven rank and file killed, one seijeant, 
fifty-two rank and file wounded. 

The folloning General Orders were given out by Lord 
Hutchinson. " Major- Genera I Ludlow and the brigade 
" of Guards will accept the thanks of his Excellency the 
" Commander-in-Chief for the cool, steady, and soldier- 
" like manner in which they repulsed the attack of the 
" enemy's column." 
Julj- The Coldstream remained in camp before Alexandria.* 

On the eighth of July a reinforcement for the regiment of 
one hundred and fifty meo arrived in the Active frigate ; 
they were conveyed across the Lake in boats belonging to 
Aogust. the fleet, and landed at the depot. On the ninth of August 
Major-General the Earl of Cavan was appointed to take 
command of the brigade of Guards. 

A corps under General Coote, including the Guards, 

was embarked on the Lake Mareotis, and sent to the 

Aog. I6ih, westward. Three buttalions of Brigadier-General Finch's 

brigade hiid been previously despatched in a number of 



' General Rciize wii9 killed nllh mnny dislingiiisbed ofRcera, and 
the French cavalry completely broken and almoal dealroyed. — Gt- 
ntral RegHier'i State of Egypt, puges 270, 271. 

* Stale of (be first battalion Coldstream Guardji in camp, foiir 
miles from Alcxnudria, March 30lh. Two captains, eleven Iteu- 
tenaiila, faar ensigns. Ibirty-two serjeantti, twelve drummerB, aix 
huiidrfd And forty-acTcu rank and file, tno hundred and Ibree sick. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 83 

barks: ^ these had drifted to leeward during the night, and laoi. 
ooosiderably retarded the landing. When the troops 
were on shore, a position was taken along a ridge of quar- 
ries about half a mile broad, at the foot of which was a 
sandy plain that extended to the sea ; the breadth of this 
peninsula did not exceed two miles. There was a small 
island opposite the western division, on which stood Fort 
Marabout. On the evening of the eighteenth, General 
Coote advanced about two miles and occupied a position, 
the Guards extending across the quarries ; the rest of the 
troops formed en potence, facing the sea. 

At six o'clock P.M., after the guns of Marabout had Aug.nst. 
been dismounted by the batteries, the garrison capitulated. 
The Coldstream had two rank and file wounded. 

General Coote marched at day-light in three columns. Aag. Sted. 
The Coldstream and Third Guards under Lord Cavan 
formed two columns on the right, and General Ludlow's 
brigade the third. Major-Greneral Finch's brigade was in 
reserve : the advanced guard, consisting of the Twenty- 
seventh, with some of Lowenstein's riflemen, and two 
hundred of the Guards, were under Lieutenant-Colonel 
JolUffe of the Coldstream. Next morning, at four o'clock, 
the British piquets fell in with and drove in the French 
out-posts. The columns entered the plain at day-Ught, 
and kept gallantly moving on under a sharp cannonade.^ 
The Turks took possession of Sugar-loaf Hill on the 
right. The Coldstream had two wounded. 

' Wabh's Egypt, vol. ii. page 200. About four hundred. 

' " The Guards on the right had continued their march in- 
'' different to the grape which played upon them, forcing, by their 
'' steady progress, the French to evacuate the battery opposed to 
" them."— Sir Robert Wilson's Egypt, yo\. ii. page 22. 

Sir Robert Wilson also mentions a singular escape of General 
Coote and a company of Guards, who were passing under a heary 
fire of grape, which struck off several of the men's caps without 
doing any injury. 



H4 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1801. On the twenty-fourth General Spencer landed 

. unjust. g^g^jgy.Qgj^gpj^i Blake's bri<^de, and some Mamelukes 

also joined General Coote s dinsion, besides aboat seven 
hundred Turks. Several ships of war entered the harbour 
for the purpose of protecting the left of the line. Next 
day a battery opened from eight heavy guns and mortan 
against the redoute des Bains. After dark Lieutenant- 
Colonel Smith with the Twenty-sixth regiment and some 
dragoons, supported by Lieutenant-Colonel Layard, air 
tacked and drove in the left of the enemy's piquets in the 
most spirited manner with the bayonet, the men not having 
even loaded their muskets. The batteries continued firing 
on the eastern side of the town till twelve, when the 
enemy's fire ceased ; it was soon discovered that they had 
withdrawn their nuns. In the evening an aid-de-camp of 
(leneral Menou presented a letter ut the advanced posts, 
proposing a suspension of hostilities for three days, with a 
view to settle terms. An answer in the alErmative was 
returned^ and all hostilities were to cease, on the French 
firing three guns loaded with blank cartridge, to be 
answered in the same manner bv the Eniilish, when the 
standards of both armies were to be lowered. On the 
r.venins: of the twentv-nintli, Menou sent bv his aid-de* 
<;amp to request a proloniration of the truce for thirty-dx 
hours, which was rejected. The French General b^ged 
to 1^ allowed till two o'clock the following day. The 
rapitulation was concluded without further delay by Briga- 
dier-General Hope, who was received by the French 
(jcneral with great politeness, and invited to dine: the 
dinner consisted entirely of horse-flesh, 
.Sjptenii.^T. jijg garrison of Alexandria, wliich surrendered on the 
first of September, amounted to nearly twelve thousand, 
including: five thousand nine hundred and sixty-five soldiers 
of artillery, cavalry, and infantry, besides murine artillery, 
sappers, miners, and seamen doing j^arrison-duty, &c. &c. 



I 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 85 

The other division of the French army having surren- 1801. 

. . September. 

dered at Cairo, the enemy were no longer in possession of 
any part of Egypt; and the object of the expedition being 
attained, Lord Cavan delivered to the Captain Pacha the 
keys of the city of Alexandria. The army shortly after Sept. 26th. 
prepared for embarkation. 

Blame has been attached by some French writers to 
General Menou, for not opposing the invaders with his 
whole force. It may also have accorded with the selfish 
poUcy of Buonaparte, that the odium of an unsatisfactory 
termination to an enterprise planned by himself, should be 
ascribed to mismanagement after his departure. But 
threatened by the approach of the Indian army under Sir - 
David Baird, and embarrassed by the questionable fidelity 
of the Egyptian population, Menou doubtless felt the 
necessity of leaving a considerable force at Cairo. Well 
aware that the British on their debarkation must enter the 
field subject to many disadvantages, he met them with an 
army equal in numbers, and superior in artillery and 
cavalry. Such comparative means Buonaparte himself 
would have deemed sufficient to face and overthrow the 
veterans of Austria in his Italian campaigns; nor, had he 
been in Egypt at the period of the battle of Alexandria, 
would he have allowed it to be said, that to enable his 
boasted invincibles to attack the Islanders with success> it 
was necessary to bring against them an overwhelming 
superiority of twice their numbers. Menou at that period, 
Uke his great master in the art of war^ had no conception 
of the qualities of British troops ; but he knew that he had 
under his command the celebrated army of Italy, which 
had victoriously contended against the finest armies of the 
European Continent. With this experience of Austrian 
warfare, and with a well-founded confidence in his men, 
Menou challenged his antagonists to a combat on nearly 
equal terms, and was, to his great surprise, defeated. 



86 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1801. He found y when too late, that he had miscalculated the 
' prowess of the British soldiery. A few years after, die 

same rough lesson was taught Napoleon. 
October. The first battalion of the Coldstream arrived at Malta on 
the seventeenth of October^ landed the next day, and went 
into barracks, where they remained three weeks. After- 
wards they re-embarkedy landed in separate divisions be- 
tween the sixth and twenty-ninth of December at Ports- 
mouth, and marched from Winchester on Friday the -eighth 

1802. of January. In a few days they reached London.^ 



' Returo of the Officers of tbe first battalion of tbe Coldstream io 

the expedition to Egypt : — 





Captains. 


Lieutenants. 


Ensigns. 


Gren^ 
Compy. 


At home 


, 




• 


IL R. n. the Duke of 


Capt. Lt. H. F. Bouverie 


G.T.B. Warren 




York's company 


Capt. F. Adam 




IstMaj. 


Maj .-Gen. Earl of Cavan 


„ Hon. Ed. Plunkett 


John Hamilton 


• 




,, T. L. Campbell 






Col. Hon. Edward Finch 


,, John Thompson 
,f James Philips 


George Collier 




„ Brice 


„ Sir L Gordon 


Richard Beckett 




,, Earl of Cork 


„ Sir Gilbert Stirling 
„ Chs. Philips 


Thos. Roberts 




Lt.-Col. H. MacKinnon 


tt Richd. Beadon 
,, John Frederick 


T. W. Brotherton 




„ „ Hilton Jolliffe 


,, Thos. Stibbert 
,, Chs. Fane 


Lord DelTin 




„ „ W.M. Peacock 


„ Edd. Dalling 
„ W. Myers 


Jenkinson 


Light 


At home 






C/omp7. 









Adjutant, Sir Gilbert Stirling. 
Quarter-Master, John Holmes. 
Surgeon, George Rose. 
Assistant Surgeon, John Gilham. 

„ ,, H. Fearon. 

Drum- Major, William Lamb. 
Deputy -Marshall, William Alpe. 

Changes that took place. 
Ensigns Wirren and Jenkinson killed; Col. Brice, Capt. Frederick, and 

Surgeon Rose, died of their wounds. 



Joined. 
Capt. Geo. Sedley 
Ensign. Hon. Ed<i. Acheson 
Lieut..Col.G. H. Dyke 



Returned to England. 
Capt. Hon. Edd. Plunkett 
Sir Gilbert Stirling 
„ „ Sedley 
H. F. Bouverie 
Surgeon, John Gilham 
Lt.-Col. H. Mac Kinnon, yia Gennany, &c. 






THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS- 87 

The treaty of Amiens put an end to hostilities in March, isos- 
Daring this peace Buonaparte was miade President of the 
Cisalpine Republic. Louisiana, the Duchy of Parma, and 
the Island of Elba, were ceded to France by the private 
treaty with Spain. An amnesty was granted to all emi- 
grants who had not borne arms against the revolutionists ; 
Buonaparte had been declared First Consul for life, and 
was empowered to appoint his successor. The Legion of 
Honour was instituted by him for the encouragement of 
miUtary, navaU and scientific men, and also of those most 
eminent in the administration of afiairs. 

On the twelfth of May the English Ambassador quitted May. 
France, and hostilities between England and the French 
Government recommenced. The First Consul threatened Mty isth. 
to invade England, which created considerable alarm, and 
the nation was placed in a state of defence. The British 
Government seized all the French ships they could find, 
making the crews prisoners. Sixty thousand seamen were 
voted by Parliament, and the army was increased to one 
hundred and twenty-nine thousand men. An army of 
Reserve was raised, and volunteer corps were formed 
throughout the country. 

The first battalion marched to Chelmsford, when they iso8. 
were brigaded with the first battaUon of the Third Guards, 
under the command of Major-General the Honourable 
Edward Finch. On the tenth of August the brigade was Augntt 
inspected by his Royal Highness the Duke of York, in the 
main street at Chelmsford. 

It was from this place that the subjoined letter, so 
highly creditable to the brigade, was addressed to the 
Secretary of the Patriotic Fund : — 

'' Chelmsford New Barracks, August 19, 1803. 

' Gentlemen, Aog. i9th. 

" Impressed with a due sense of the cause for 



88 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

" which we are about to contend, and equally anxious with 
** the rest of our fellow-subjects to promote that zeal 
" which animates the breast of every Englishman to the 
" preservation and defence of blessings that ought not to 
" be lost but with existence, the non-commissioned offi- 
" cere and private soldiers of his Majesty's Egyptian 
" brigade of Foot Guards, consisting of the first battalion 
" of the Coldstream and the first battalion of tlie Third 
" regiment, commanded by the Honourable Major-Gene- 
" ral Edward Finch, are desirous to subscribe from their 
" weekly subsistence as follows, viz. : from the serjeants 
" two full days' pay each ; and from the corporals, dnim- 
" mers, and privates, one full day's pay each, amounting 
" to £111. 5i. Id., towards the support of the Patriotic 
" Fund, now established for the relief of tliose who 
" may eventually suffer in the prosecution of a con- 
" test, as glorious as it will no doubt be honourable, 
" should the implacable enemy of our country invade 
" her shores." 

" In the name of the non-commissioned officers, drum- 
' mers, and privates of the Egyptian brigade of Foot 
" Guards, 




"Henry Selway, Serjeant-Major 1" Batt" Cold- 
" stream Guards. 

"Alexander Adams, Serjeant- Major 1" Batt" 
" Third Guards." 



In May, Cambaceres acquainted Buonaparte that it was 
the wish of the senate and of the people that he should 
accept the imperial dignity. Buonaparte consented to an 
arrangement which was so " essential to the welfare of the 
state," and was declared Emperor on the twentieth of 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 89 

August. In the following December he was crowned by isoi. 
Pope Pius at Paris. 

The first battalions of the Coldstream and Third Gruards July 24Ui. 
marched firom Chelmsford for Cox-Heath, where they en- 
camped with several regiments of militia, under the Eaii 
of Chatham.^ 

On the first and second of November they went into Norember. 
barracks at Chatham, and remained there during the 
winter. 

The four flank companies from the second brigade of ^^?* 
Ghiards at Chatham, and the six flank companies of the 
third brigade in London, marched to Windsor to attend 
the installation of the Garter. 

In May the first battalion marched firom Chatham to MtySTth, 
London, and was reviewed at Wimbledon by his Majesty 
Oeoige the Third.* 

On the death of the Duke of Gloucester, the Duke of Jane i4th. 
York succeeded him in the command of the First regiment 



' The corps encamped at Cox-Heath on the first of Augrast, 1804. 
123d Light Dragoons. 
Coldstream Guards 1st Battalion. 

Third Guards 1st Battalion. 

West York MiUtia (First) 

Do. Do. . (Third.) 

East York Do. 
East Norfolk Do. 
West Do. Do. 
Backs Do. 

— Quarter-Master General's Office. 

' Troops reviewed at Wimbledon by his Majesty King George 
the Third, Jane 14th, 1805 : 

The brigade of Life Guards, one troop of Horse Artillery, one 
car-brigade of Artillery, right brigade of Foot Guards, leA brigade 
of Foot Guards, a battalion of Light Infantry of Foot Guards, one 



90 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1805. of Guards, and the Duke of Cambridge was appointed 
Colonel of the Coldstream. 

The Emperor of Austria had acceded to the treaty of 
Petersburgh on the ninth of August. Napoleon's plans 
for the invasion of England were consequently at an end, 
and the encampment of one hundred thousand men on the 
French coast was broken up. He declared to the senate 
his determination of immediately placing himself at the 
head of his army. 

The French at this time were on the Rhine, and con- 
sisted of seven corps^ independent of the cavalry under the 
direction of Marshal Murat. The different corps were 
commanded by the following Marshals : Bemadotte, Da- 
voust, Soult, Lannes, Ney, Augereau, and General Mar- 
mont. Marshal Massena, with sixty thousand men under 
his orders, was in Italy, and, on reaching the Adige, had 
his forces increased by twenty thousand French under 
General Gouvion St. Cyr. The army of the Emperor of 
Germany consisted of three hundred thousand men in the 
most efficient state. The preparations of Russia were 
also on a great scale ; her army amounted to upwards of 
one hundred and eighteen thousand men. 

The English, by way of a diversion in favour of Austria, 
equipped a force of twenty-six thousand men under Lord 
Cathcart. 

The first battalion of the Coldstream, commanded by 

lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Armstrong, marched from 

Chatham on the thirtieth of August to Deal, and after- 

Oct. 9th. wards to Dover, from which place they proceeded to Rams- 



car-brigade of Artillery, one troop of Horse Artillery, five squa- 
drons of the Ninth Light Dragoons, five squadrons of the Four- 
teenth Light Dragoons. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



91 



gate, when they embarked.^ They sailed from the Dowbs isos. 
on the fourth of November, and, having landed at Cox- Not. soth. 
haven, marched to Bremen. 

Napoleon crossed the Rhine, and by the rapidity of his 



* Return of Officers of the Ist battalion Coldstream Guards. 

October 23d, 1805. 



Comp*. 


Captains. 


Lieatenants. 


Ensigns. 


Gren*. 


Lieat.-Col. Henry Mac 
Kinnon 


Capt^. 


'J. Thompson 
Henry Sulli Tan 
Cha8.MaiUand 

. Christie 






» Brig.-Gen. W. Wyn- 
yard 


t$ 


Chas. Philips 


Charles Doyle 
> Matt. Fortescue 




Lt.-Col. T. Armstrong 


9» 


LordA.Gordon 


Thomas Wood 
John Freemantle 




„ „ W. M. Pea- 
cocke 


1 


Edwd. DaUing 


> Hon. G. Pelham 
George Bowles 




« Brig.-Gen. Wm. P. 
Acknd 


»» 


Sir I. L. John- 
stone 


Dan. MacKinnon 
Hon. Francis Hay 
I>r«mmond 




Lt.-Col. W. H. Pringle 


' ., 


R. Beckett 


Hon. John Walpole 
Hon. Edward Bos- 
cawen 




„ „ Matthew Lord 
Aylmer 


t» 


W. H. Raikes 


Thomas Thoroton 
Thos. Barrow 




,, ,, Thos. Stihbert 


• 

»9 


F. M. Satton 


H. W. VachcU 
W. Fairfield 




,. „ SirW.Sheridan 


»» 


George Smyth 


Ed'. Jenkinson 
G. T. Baldwin 


Light 
Infantry 


,, ,, Richard Hulse 




Thos. Braddyll 
George Collier 
Charles Parker 





3 



Adjutant, Captain Montague Wynyard. 
Quarter- Master, John Holmes. 
Surgeon, Charles Combe. 
Assistant Surgeon, I. G. MacKenzie. 
„ „ Thomas Rose. 

Absent on the Staff. 

Brigadier-General Wm. Wynyard. 
M „ Wm. P. Acland. 

Captain Edwd. Dalling. 
„ Ricd. Beckett. 
Absent. Recruiting. 
Do. Sick. 



^ ORIGIN AND SERVICE OF 

1805. moyements obliged the Austrians to act on the defensiTe. 
General Mack was hemmed in mt llm and obliged to 
capitulate. Murat came up with General Werneck on the 
nineteenth of October, and after an q^agement at Trach- 
telfingen the Austrian General capitohted. Marshal 
Massena, after a bloody contest at Coldiero, was beaten by 
the Archduke Charles. 

Early in November, General Hillinger with an Austrian 
corps of five thousand men capitulated near A^'erona; he 
was made prisoner soon after the Archdoke commenced 
his retreat. 

The French troops entered Vienna on the thirteenth of 
November. The Allies were forced by Napoleon to risk a 
general action, much against their own interest, as in 
u few days the third Russian army was expected to join 
them. 
Dto. Snd. The battle of Austerlitz commenced at the dawn of day 
and ended at night. The result of this action baffled the 
hopes of Austria, Russia, and England. In consequence 
of the victory gained by the French, the British troops 
returned from Bremen, 
inoci. The first battalion of the Coldstream disembarked at 
Ramsgate, and marched to Deal barracks. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 93 



CHAPTER VI. 

Officers of the ColdBtream address the Duke of York—- Dake's reply 
— First hattalion sails with the expedition for the Baltic — In- 
vestment of Copenhagen — Bombardment — Capitulation — Army 
re-embark — First battalion go into barracks at Chatham — 
Charles lY. abdicates in favour of Ferdinand — Napoleon arrives 
at Bayonne — Murat enters Madrid — Prince of Peace sent to 
Bayonne, followed by Charles and the Queen — Joseph Buona- 
parte proclaimed King of Spain — Insurrection at Oporto, which 
extends to Spain — French squadron at Cadiz capitulates — Du- 
pont's army surrenders to Castanos — Spanish Patriots enter 
into a treaty with England — Expedition sails from Cork — Lands 
in Mondego Bay — Wellesley attacks the heights of Roli^a, and 
defeats Junot at Vimeira — French quit Portugal — Napoleon re- 
turns to Paris — Troops from Sweden reinforce the British in 
Portugal— Napoleon arrives at Madrid — Junction of Moore and 
Baird — Moore retreats — French repulsed at Corunna — Death of 
Moore — Army returns to England — Second brigade of Guards 
embark at Rarosgate — Fleet arrives at Spithead — Sails — 
Dispersed by contrary and tempestuous winds — Transports find 
shelter in the Irish ports — Fleet sails from Cork for Cadiz — 
Supreme Junta refuses admittance — Fleet sails for the Tagus — 
Beresford appointed to command the Portuguese troops — Nine 
companies of the first battalion land at Lisbon — Cradock com- 
mands the army — ^Twenty thousand Portuguese troops taken 
into English pay — Soult defeats Romana, crosses the Minho, 
and carries Oporto — Silveira retakes Chaves — Soulf s communi- 
cation with Spain intercepted — Guards march through Saccavem 
and Batalha to Lyria — Cradock resigns the command to Welles- 
ley — General Orders— Guards march to Coimbra — Trant holds 
the line of the Vouga. 

Th e Duke of York gave up the command of the regiment: tsor. 
at this period the officers of the Coldstream presented *^' 



94 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

laor. a vase to his Royal Highness as a testimony of their grati- 
tude and attachment, which occasioned the following 
address, and reply : 

" Sir, 

*' We the OflScers of his Majesty's Coldstream 
** Guards, impressed with the greatest respect and afiec- 
'' tion, beg leave to present to your Royal Highness this 
** Vase, as a tribute of gratitude for the unremitted kind- 
'' ness and various instances of consideration and regard 
** with which we have been favoured by your Royal High- 
** ness during the long period we had the honour of serving 
*^ under your immediate command as Colonel of the Regi- 
** ment. Our fervent prayers are, that your Royal High- 
** ness may long enjoy every happiness and blessing of 
" life ; and, as Officers zealously devoted to our Sovereign, 
** and most affectionately to you» Sir, we trust our future 
** services will ensure to us a continuance of those favour- 
** able sentiments, and of that protection, which it has so 
'^ long a period been our pride and happiness to ex- 
*' perience from your Royal Highness. 

•• To Field-Marshal 

<< His Royal Highness the Dake of York/' 

Horse-Guards, 6th May, 1807. 
May 6th. " GENTLEMEN, 

'* I receive with sentiments of the most heartfelt satis- 
" faction this token of regard from the Officers of the 
" Coldstream Guards, and feel much indebted for the 
'' kindness with which you have expressed yourselves 
'^ towards me. 

" I avail myself with great pleasure of this opportunity 
" to assure you, that no Colonel had ever greater induce- 
" ments to be partial to a corps than I had during the 
*' long period I had the command of the regiment; as it 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 95 



it 
ti 
t* 
it 
it 



was my happiness to find myself associated with men i807. 
who equally claimed my esteem and affection in the 
civil capacities, as they were uniformly entitled to my 
approbation as officers. 

Though not in the immediate command of the regi- 



" menty you may be assured, Gentlemen, that the Cold- 
'' stream will ever retain my most ardent wishes for its 



€i 
€t 



" honour and welfare. I am attached to the regiment 
by ties and considerations, the force of which no time 
can lessen; and in your happiness, individually and 
collectively, I shall ever feel the most lively interest. 

** I am, &c. 

*' Frederick." 

Although the Duke of York quitted the command, he 
constantly entertained a strong predilection for the Cold- 
stream, and continued through life to watch over its wel- 
fare with the greatest interest. Future historians will 
record the unwearied and successful efforts of his Royal 
Highness as Commander-in-Chief to ameliorate the cha- 
racter and condition of the British soldier; but in giving 
an account of the services of the Coldstream, it may 
be permitted here to remark, that the internal regulations, 
the discipline, and the respectability, for which it has been 
so much and so justly extolled, emanated in a great mea- 
sure from this illustrious Prince and amiable man. 

The government of Denmark, which had hitherto ob- 
served a strict neutrality, influenced by France, pro- 
hibited all commerce with Great Britain ; and an expedi- 
tion, under Lord Cathcart and Admiral Gambier, was 
fitted out to prevent the Danish navy from passing into 
the hands of the French. 

The brigade of Guards, under Major-General the Ho- 
nourable Edward Finch, consisting of the first battalion of 



96 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1807. 
Aagast. 



the Coldstream and first battalion of the Third Guards, 
embarked at Chatham, and arrived in Elsinore Roads on 
the ninth of August.^ 

All arrangements being completed for putting the men 
on shore, and the wind not allowing the transports to sail 
towards Copenhagen, it was determined to land half way 



* Retuni of the OfScers of the Ist battalion of the Coldstream at 

Copenhagen, 1807. 



Gretf. 
Compy. 



Captains. 



Lieat.-Col. H. Mac 
Kinnon 



Light 
Compy. 



Maior-Genend Lord 
Forbes, absent on 
the Staff at home 

Lieut. -CoL Thomas 
Armstrong 



Brig.-Gen. W.P.Ac- 
land, absent on the 
Staff at home 

Lt.-Col. M. W. Pea. 
cocke 



Lieutenants. 



Capt.T. Thompson 
,, SirH.SulliVan, "aid- 
de-camp to Major- Gen. 
the Hon. Edd. Finch" 

Capt. C. M. Christie 

Capt.Cha8. Philips 



ft 



tt 



*t 



If 



»« 



»f 



, William H. 
Pringle 

, LordAylmer 



T. Stibbert 



Sir William 
Sheridan 

R. Hulse 



Ensigns. 



it 



f> 



*t 



»t 



»f 



»» 



Thos. Wood 



Hon. G. Pelham 



Thos. Braddyll, 
on the Staff 

George Smyth, 
on the Staff 

Edward Jenkinson 



Edwd. Dalling 



Richard Beckett, 
Brigade-Major 

Sir Gilbert Stirling 
G. Collier 
Thos. T. Barrow 



N. Dickenson 
Hon. T. Ashbum- 
ham 

W^m. Lord Alnm- 

ley 
Ed<>. Noel Long 

Hon. F. H. Dmm- 

mond 
George Bowles 

Hon. I. Walpole 
Peter Gausaen 

Hon.W.G.Crofton 
Edwd. Harvey 

Wm. Burroughs 
Hon. Edwd. Bos- 
cawen 

Dan. Mac Kinnon 
Chs. Gregory 

Mat. Fortesoue 
W. L. Walton 



Adjutant, W. H. Raikes. 
Quarter-Master, T. Holmes. 
Battalion-Surceon, C. Coombc. 
Assistant, T. Mackenzie. 
T.Rose. 



»> 



THF- COLDSTREAM (ILARDS. 9/ 

betwH!n Elsinore aod that capital, at a village called isor- 
Welbeck. At five o'clock on the morning of the six- 
teenth of August the troops got into the boats, and re- 
mained ou the beach; towards the evening they com- 
menced their march in three colimins till night, when they 
halted till day-break, and again marched for the purpose 
of investing the capital. 

General Peyman, the Danish Commander-in-Chief, 
had previously sent to request passports for the King's 
nieces to proceed to Colding in Holstein, Soon after the 
brigade of Guards had entered the road to Copenhagen 
they were formed into- line, and received the Priucesses 
with the honours due to their rank. 

Lord Rosslyn with six thousand men from the Isle of 
Rugeu joined the army, which now amounted to about 
twenty- seven thousand. 

The Guards occupied the suburbs between Fredericks- 
berg and the city; in their advance they were opposed by 
a piquet of the enemy, which they dislodged. 

The British broke ground before Copenhagen on the 
eighteenth of August; after which the operations con- 
tinued, notwithstanding frequent efforts to interrupt them 
on the part of the Danes. On the twenty- fourth the 
town was more closely invested ; a summons was sent on 
the first of September, which not being complied with, Sspiember. 
the batteries opened next moming, and after a bombard- 
ment of three days, an armistice of twenty-four hours was 
proposed by the enemy for the purpose of preparing 
articles of capitulation. This delay was thought unne- 
cessary; Lieu tenant- Colonel Murray was instructed to 
intimate that no proposal could be listened to, unless ac- 
companied by the unconditional surrender of the fleet. 
It was then agreed that the whole of the Danish navy 



I 
I 




ORIGIN AND SERllCES OF 

shoald be delivered up, and Zealand evacuated by tlie 
Eoglisb within six weeks, or sooner if possible. 

At four o'clock on the evening of the seventh the cita- 
del was entered by Major- General Spencer's brigade. 

No EngliBliman can desire to perpetuate the remem- 
brance of this expedition, which laid the capital of a 
neutral state in ruins, and carried war and desolation 
among an innocent people. Its policy was doubtful, and 
its morality more than questionable. England indeed had 
reason to suspect, that the intention of Buonaparte was 
to compel the unfortunate Danes to unite their ships with 
his, as the price of their exemption from the ravages of 
hia victorious troops, already threatening them. If ever 
nation deserved commiseration, the Danes deserved it at 
that period : had they complied with the request of the 
Enghsh government, and voluntarily given up their 6eet 
to be carried to England for safe custody, the certain con- 
sequence would have been the subjugation of their country 
by the French armies. In this disastrous predicament, an 
unoffending but feeble community were only allowed to 
choose between their political annihilation, and the bom- 
bardment of their chief city. They preferred the latter, 
were overpowered, and England carried off their ships in 
triumph; but they saved their national independence. 
Napoleon, had he retained his Imperial crown, would 
probably have thrown on England the onus of showing 
that he ever contemplated the appropriation of the Danish 
fleet to his own purposes. Unfortunately, the proofs of 
England's injustice are recorded in characters of blood : 
she was frightened for her safety, her magnanimity foi^ 
sook her, and her fears made her cruel. Thert is no rea- 
son to suppose that tlie addition of a few sail of the line 
would have transferred the superiority on the ocean to 
the fleets of the enemy, or that the expenses of the expe- 



niE tOLUSTllEASi GUAItDS. 




dition might not have been better bestowed on the aug- 
tneutatioD of the naval power of Great Ilritain, toe 
her, after her suspicions were realized by the junction 
of the Danish men-of-war with those of France, to do 
that with honour which could only be dishonourably done 
while they remained dismantled in their own peaceful 
harbours. If the principle of malting war by anticipation, 
without waiting for an overt act of hostility, be once 
admitted, there can be no repose or security among the 
nations of Europe ; the existence of the false principle of 
anticipatory warfare will generate and justify fear, and 
fear will magnify danger. It is fiir from the interest of 
the civilized world to multiply the causes of war, or that 
neutral nations should be subjected to fire and sword, 
their ships seized, their towns destroyed, their fields ra- 
vaged, and their crops annihilated by one belligerent 
to prevent the other from making use of them. The bom- 
bardment of Copenliageu, and the seizure of the Danish 
nhips, were contrary to the most obvious principles of 
justice, and cannot even be vindicated on the treacherous 
plea of necessity; for at sea England ruled supreme: if 
was a fierce imitation of the ruthless, unhesitating policy 
of Napoleon. 

The army began to re-embark on the thirteenth of uciub«r. 
October, and by the twentieth all had got on board ; the 
Guards and the Fourth regiment being the last that 
remained on shore. 

The first battalion anchored in Yarmouth Roads, and 
then proceeded to Chatham, where they went into 
barracks. 

In March Chaiies the Fourth abdicated the throne of lene. 
Spain in favour of his son Ferdinand; but soon after, in a 
letter to the French Emperor, he declared that it had been 
compulsory. In April Napol«oa arrived at Bayonne. April i5ili. 



100 



ORIGIN AXD SKRVICES OF 



1806. ostensibly for the purpose of settling the differences 
among the Royal Family of Spain. Ferdinand, at the 

April aoth, euggestion of the French ambassador, was induced, in 
opposition to the advice of his councillors, to meet him. 
In Ferdinand's absence Mnrat entered Madrid at the 
head of a French army : Godoy, Prince of Peace, who had 
been imprisoned, was released and sent under an escort 

April sotli. to Bayonne. Charles the Fourth, with the Queen, also 
repaired thither. Napoleon had an interview with Charles, 
at which the Queen of Spain and Ferdinand were present. 
After Charles had accused Ferdinand of usurpation, and 
lavished on him the grossest abuse, and the Queen had 
declared his illegitimacy, be was by threats and promises 
at last induced to sign a document renouncing all right 
and claim to the throne; and the other branches of the 
royal family were prevailed on to resign their pretensions 
in a similar manner. Charles the Fourth then ceded his 
claims in favour of Napoleon. Ferdinand, Don Antonio, 
his uncle, and his brother Don Carlos, fixed their residence 
at Valency. Charles, the Queen, and the Prince of Peace, 
retired to Rome. 
Junp. Joseph Buonaparte was proclaimed King of Spain by an 
Imperial decree issued at Bayonne on the sixth of June, 
Ten days after this extraordinary event an insurrection 
broke out at Oporto, which spread with such rapidity 
through the northern provinces of Portugal that the 
French, who had taken possession of that country, were 
quickly expelled from it. The insurrection extended to 
Spain; and t)ie French squadron at Cadiz was compelled 
to capitulate. Dupont's army of fifteen thousand men 

L surrendered to the Spanish General Castanos. The Pa- 
triots entered into a treaty with Faigland. The Spanish 
tfoopB in Denmark under tlie Marquis de la Romana suc- 
ceeded in getting oa board the British fleet, and were 



r 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 




CoHTeyed to the Peninsula to assist their fellow-c 
try men in opposing the usurpations of Napoleon. 

On the twelfth of July a force of nine thousand three 
hundred and ninety-four men, commanded by Sir Arthur 
Wellesley, sailed from Cork : on clearing the coast the 
frigate in which he embarked left the fleet and steered for 
Coninna, where he had an interview with the provincial 
authorities, to whom he offered his co-operation. This 
was declined, on the ground that there was no immediate 
necessity for it In that quarter. Sir Arthur consequently 
sailed for Oporto, and held a conference with the Bishop 
and other functionaries. From Oporto he proceeded off 
Lisbon : after communicating with Sir Charles Cotton, he 
returned, and commenced landing his troops in Mondego 
Bay on the first of August. General Spencer arrived August, 
on the sixth with reinforcements. The army then ad- 
ran ced. 

On the seventeenth Sir Arthur Wellesley attacked the 
heights of Roh^a with complete success, and on the twenty- 
first defeated the French under the Duke d'Abrautes at 
the battle of Vimeira,^ which led to the evacuation of 
Portugal by the troops of Napoleon. 

The French Emperor returned to Paris on the October. 
eighteenth of October, and made known to the legislative 
body his determination to proceed in a few days for Ma- 
drid to place his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. 
An army exceeding one hundred thousand men had 
already reinforced the French in that country. 
The British troops in Sweden returned unexpectedly 



' The enemy lost oearEy three thousand n 
Tbicbaull, honcver, Btali- the loas under Iwt 




^ 



102 ORHJIN AND SERVICES OF 

iifn. under Sir John Moore, and were sent without delay to 
reinforce the nnny of Portugal. 
December. NapoIeoQ entered Madrid on the fourth of Decem- 
ber, and issued a proolaniation on the seventh, m which 
he declared that should the Spaniards prove themselves 
unworthy of his confidence, and resist his wishes, he bad 
determined to treat them as a conquered province, give 
his brother another kin^oni, and place the crown of Spain 
on his own heud. 

Napoleon quitted Madrid on the nineteenth, and put 
himself at the head of his troops for the purpose, as he 
boasted, of driving the British into the sea. 

On the twentieth the troops under Sir John Moore 
and Sir David Baird formed a junrtioQ at Mayorga; four 
days after, that army commenced its disastrons retreat. 
This retrograde movement, necessary perhaps from cir- 
cumstances, but rendered calamitous by insubordination 
and misman^ement, ended in the battle of Corunna.* 
The British, on coming in contact with the enemy, reco- 
vered their discipline, and vigorously repulsed the French, 
who attacked in great force. But the triumph was 
clouded by tlie death of Sir John Moots, who whs killed 
in the action. 

This army embarked for England in the course of the 
night and following rooming. 

In the mean time another expedition was prepared ; Bod 
the brigade quartered at Chatham, under Brigadier-Gene- 
ral Henry Campbell, composed of the first battalions of 
the Coldstream and Third Guards, marched to Kamsgate, 
Uo*. sr-30. where they went on board. During the night they an- 
chored in the Downs, and proceeded next morning with 

> Jutiuary Ifitb, \mO. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 103 

other troops for Spithead. Major-General Sherbrooke 1809. 
was appointed to the command.^ 

The fleet sailed on the fifteenth of January, and en- 
countered a series of contrary and tempestuous winds. 
On the thirtieth the ships were dispersed in a tremendous 
gale, when most of the transports took shelter in the 
Cove of Cork. The expedition sailed again on the twen- 
ty-fifth of February, and proceeded direct for Cadiz, in March. 
the hope of securing that important sea-port. The Su- 
preme Junta, however, refused the troops admittance, 
stating as an excuse* that the confidence of the Spaniards 
in their allies was at an end. General Sherbrooke per- 
cetfiog that further negociation would only be attended 
with loss of time,^ proceeded for the Tagus, and the 
defence oi Porti^l then became the primary object of 
Great Britain. 



' Force which sailed under Major-Geoeral Sherbrooke : 

Lt^CoL Capt. Sab. Staff. Rk. ft File. Worn. Commanded. 

l8tB«t. Colds. Gds. 7 r 14 5 1120 17 Lt..Col. Holae 
1st Bat. dd Guilds 7 14 16 S 1361 19 Col. Hon. £. Stopford 



# 

87th Foot . . . 
88th Foot . . . 


14 n 

MiOor. 
. 9 6 
. 2 8 


90 
25 


8 

6 
6 


2481 

791 
842 


36 

15 

22 


Brig.-Gen. Camp be 

Major Gough 
Lt.-Col. Dnff 


Totsl 


4 14 

14 5 34 


48 
78 


12 
20 


4114 


37 
73 


Major-Gen. TiLson 



Lt.-Col. Lord Aylmer, Dy.-Adj. General. 
C<A, Burke, Dy.-Qr. Mas.-General. 
Mr. Boys, Pay-MaBter-General. 
Dr. Soiners, Principal Medical Officer. 

' Daring the night of the ninth of March the Prince George 
transport, head-quarter ship of the Coldstream Guards, ran down 
an American brig, the crew of which, with the exception of one 
man, was saved ; when the Isis, of fifty guns, coming to their as- 
sistance, got foul of the Prince George, whose mizen-mast was 
carried away ; and it being supposed the transport must sink, the 
Captain and forty men got on board the Isis. Unfortunately 
Ensign Edward Noel Long, one drummer, and one private, were 
lost. 



104 ORIGIN ASD SEltVJCtS OF 

ituv. Major-General Beresford was appointed Commander- 

in-Chief of the Portugnese levies, with the rank of 
Marshal in their seirice. He was perfectly qualified for 
the situation, and employed himself nith the greatest 
zeal and activity in re-niodelling the Portnguese army, 
which, previous to his command, had been in the lowest 
state of degradation. This General introduced subordina- 
tion, and convinced them of the advantages arising 
from discipline. English officers were placed in command 
of regiments, and a regular organization established. 
Nine companies of the' first battalion of the Cold&tream, 
Mar. i3iii. after lauding, occupied the barracks at Belem, and on 
the twenty-second marched to Saccavem, where they re- 
mained till April.' 
April. The British force in Portugal, mider the command of 
Lieutenant-Genera 1 Sir J. Cradock, amounted to about 
eighteen thousand men, besides twenty thousand native 
troops taken into British pay. In addition to these, fresh 
levies were raised in all parts, and the inhabitants now 
looked forward with confidence to the successful defence 
of their country. 

Soult had crossed the Mioho on the twenty-aeventh 
of February, and shortly after completely defeated the 
Spaniards under the Marquis de la Romana, near Mon- 
terry. The French Marshal after this exploit crossed the 
Minho, and marched on Oporto,- which was carried by 



' The liglil company of the ColdBtream had been driven into the 
Waterford River by tbe gales which occurred at the end of Ja- 
nuary ; from Walerford Ihey proceeded lu the Cove of Cork, and 
joined thp expedition under Mnjor-General Hill, and only landed 
at Betem (under llie command of Lieul.- Colonel Fuller) on the 
sixth of April ; lliey mnrcbcd next day for the purpose of joining the 
first batlaliun. 

' TLo French bulletins annoniiced Suull'a army would reach 



TU£ COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 105 

assault,^ although defended by a force of twenty thousand 1809. 
irregular troops, and a line of works extending from the 
Douro to the sea, on which were mounted two hundred 
guns. At the capture of this place a dreadful scene of 
carnage ensued. 

The Portuguese General Silveira retook Chaves,^ and 
also rendered an essential service in cutting off Soult's 
communication with Spain, and securing the bridge of 
Amarante. 

The Guards marched from Saccavem, through Ba- April 9th. 
talha, to Lyria, where Sir John Cradock resigned the 
command of the army to Sir Arthur Wellesley, who ar- 
rived at Lisbon on the twenty-second of April. 

'' Adjtttant-Generars Office, 

" Lisbon, 27*>» April, 1800. 

** General Order, 
** His Majesty has been pleased to appoint lieutenant- 
** General Sir Arthur Wellesley, K.B. to be Commander 
'^ of his Forces in Portugal ; and his Excellency having 
'' arrived in this country to assume the command, all re- 
'' ports, applications, 8cc. are henceforward to be ad- 
** dressed to him through the usual channels. 

'' His Excellency having appointed the following officers 
'Mo be his Aides-de-Camp, they are to be obeyed ac- 
" cordingly." 

Oporto on the twentieth of March, and arrire at Lisbon by the end 
of the month. 

' Capturing nearly fifteen hundred prisoners. 

' March 29th. The Portuguese are said to have lost ten thou- 
sand. 



^V 166 ORIGi.V AND SERVICHIS UF ^^H 


1809. Ueat.-Col. Bathiiret, {iO"> Foot, Military Secretary. ^^H 


Cupluin the Hon. Filzroy StHnhopc, l>'Giiar<lB, -i '^^^H 


Lord FiUruy Soroerget, 43-> Fool. , „ •^^H 
„ H,.r,Bo„„rie,C.ld-G..,d., U.d,.-de.Ca»,p7« 


George Cauniug, 3° Gunrtts, J ^^H 


STAFF OF THE FORCES IN PORTUGAL. ^^M 


Lient.-Gen, Sir Arthur Wellesley, K.B. Commn.ider of the For«w^^^| 


Major-Geii. Sherbrooke, -. Will, the local rank of Lieol.- ^H 


Payne, Generals in Portugal duriDg- ^H 


Lord W. Benltnck r ll>e coDtiatiance of Ibia ser- ^H 


Paget, J vice. _^| 


Major-Gen. Cotton. 


Major-Gen. Erskiiie. ^^M 


HUl. 


M'Kenzie. ^^H 


Murray. 


"^l 


Brig.-Gen. A. Campbell. 


Brig.-Cc". H. Fane. 


H. Campbell. 


Drieberg. 


K. Stewart. 


Lang worth. 


A. Cameron. 




Colonel Doukin, Culonel on the Staff. 


ADJUTANT genehal's departmemt. 


Brigadier-Gen', the Hoii. Charles Sleivarl, Adjutant- General. 


Lieut.-Col. Dirrock, 3Glh Regimeut. "l 




„ Lord Ayluicr, Cold-. Guards. 




BL-Lt.-Col. Hinuber, Cfllb Fool, 




Lt.-CoI. John Elley, R.Reg'. Horse Guards. 


Assia'.-Adjulant- 


Major F. S. Tidy, t4th Foot, 


^ Generals. 


Bt.-Major Williamson, 30lh do. 




Major Geo. Berkeley, 35th do. 




M.ijor Colin Campbell. 70th do. 




Captain Willonghby Cotton, 3rd Guards, ' 


„ John EUiott, 48Ili Pool, 


„ Charles Dushwood, 3rd Guards, I Deputy- Ass'.- Adj'.- 


„ Francis Cockburn, 60lh Foot, Generals. 


„ Vernon Grabam, 2fitL do. 


„ Henry Mellisb. 87ih do. 


Lieut, George During, 1st Uatt* K.G.L. is attached to Ibis De- 


partment until furtbcr orders. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



107 



>> 



»» 



»» 



>» 



»» 



>» 



>f 



»» 



»» 



Aflnstant-Quartc r- 
Master-G enerals. 



QUARTBR-MASTER-6ENERAL 8 DEPARTMENT. 

Colonel George Murray, 3rd Guards, Quarter-Master-General. 
lieut.-Colonel Wm. Delancey, Perm. Staff, 

James Bathurst, OOtb Foot, 
R. Bourke, Perm. Staff, 
Major George de Blaquiere, do. 
„ Augustus Northey, do. 

CapUin Matthew Sutton, 97th Foot, 
Algernon Langton, Gist do. 
Dawson Kelly, 27th do. 
J. Haverfield, 48th do. 
George ScoTell, 67th do. 
Robert Waller, 103rd do. 
William Beresford, 8th 6n. Bn. 



1809. 



Deputy- Ass'. - 
> Quarter-Master- 
Generals. 



>» 



C. Larchin 
E. Somers 
J. F. NichoUy 
Morrel 



MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. 

A. Thompson, Inspector of Hospitals. 
— Bolton, Deputy Inspector of Hospitab. 

' Bttchan. 




A. Bole 
S. Higgins 
H. Irwin 
J. Cooke. 



} 



J. Forbes 
L. KraBiesur 

William WiUiams 

William Graham ] Apothecaries. 

R. Matthews, Acting Apothecary. 

W. H. O'Reay, Deputy Purveyor. 

24 Hospital Mates. 

COMMISSARIAT DEPARTMENT. 

John Murray, Esq. Commissary-General. 
Charles Dalrjrmple, Deputy-Commissary-GeneraL 
Rawlings 

Acting Deputy-Commissary-General. 



Boys 

Dunmore 
Honeyman 
O'Meara 
Pratt 
Murray 
Gauutlctt 



} 



I Assistant J 
I Commissary 



Toung 
DiUon 
Grieve 
Aylmer 
Mc Kenzie. 



108 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1809. 



Coffin n 




Mc Donnell 


Hodges 




Smidchin 


Pelken 




Moore 


Belson 
Nelson 
Joly 
DeBels 


Acting- 

> Assistant- < 

Commissary 


Strahan 
Haden 
MelTiUe 
Dick 


OgUne 




Gordon 


Downie 




Brooke 


Uaioes J 




Maude. 



Previous to this time Marshals Soult and Victor had 
agreed to proceed to Lisbon^ the former by C<Hmbra, 
the latter by Abrantes ; but this plan was not carried 
into execution. 
May. The brigade of Guards marched into Coimbra on 
the first of May y where they were received with shouts of 
joy ; the balconies were filled with females ; embroidered 
and damask cloths^ as is customary in Catholic coun- 
tries on great festivals, were suspended from the windows; 
sweetmeats, sugar-plums, and orange flowers, were show- 
ered on the soldiers in great profusion during their passage 
through the town: in the evening the city was illu- 
minated. 

Colonel Trant was stationed in front, holding the line 
of the Vouga with two thousand irregular troops, of 
which three hundred were students from the University. 
This position he kept against the enemy until the advance 
of the British on the tenth. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 109 



CHAPTER VII. 

Welletley aniTes at Coimbra — ^Reiriews the army — AdraDcea — At- 
tacks Oporto — Critical position of Soulfs army — Rear-guard 
OTertaken atSalamoDde — Coldstream halt at Scayessa de Rio— 
TerminatioD of the pursuit — ^Army returns to Oporto— Marches 
through Coimbra, Thomar, and concentrates at Abrantes — Sta- 
tions of the corps under Victor, Sebastiani, Soult, and Mortier — 
Allies move on Placentia, form a junction with the Spaniards 
at Oropesa, and advance to Talavera de la Reyna — ^Troops suffer 
greatly from the want of prorisions — Cuesta moves to St Olalla, 
attacked, and retreats in disorder — Battle of Talavera — Light 
brigade arrives under Crauford — Soult forces the passes be- 
tween Salamanca and Placentia — Wellesley returns to Oropesa 
— Cuesta quits the position at Talavera, and abandons the sick 
and wounded of the allied army — Two thousand sick and 
wounded soldiers proceed to Elvas — Allies cross the Tagus at 
Arzobispo-— Spaniards left to defend the bridge — Surprised, and 
retreat with the loss of thirty guns and baggage — Cuesta retires 
to Deleytosa — ^Allies fall back to Zaraicejo— Brigade of Guards 
at Badajoz — General Order — War declared between France 
and Austria — Flank companies of second battalion embark for 
Flushing — British army crosses the Tagus — Brigade of Guards 
march to Yizeu — Hill's corps in the vicinity of Abrantes. 

Sir Arthur Wellesley arrived on the second of 1809. 
May at Coimbra, and advanced against Oporto after re- Mtyeth. 
viewing his army, which consisted of twenty-five thousand 




^ 




no ORIGIN A^D SERVICES OF 

men, including three thousand Germans and nine thousaml 
Portuguese. 

Beresford was ordered with llie Portuguese to in- 
tercept Soult if he should attempt to retreat by Ama- 
rante. General Hill with his division embarked on the 
ninth at Aveiro to turn the enemy's right. The rest 
of the army under Sir Arthur nioTed by the direct 
road to Oporto, On the eleventh the French were dis- 
lodged from a range of hills on which they were strongly 
posted at Grijon. They retreated and entered Oporto 
during the night, after which the bridge of boats was re- 
moved, being the only bridge over the Douro at that 
place. 

Soon after seven a.m. on the twelfth the British 
marched through Villa Nova, and halted on the heights 
opposite Oporto, which waa effected without their co- 
lumns being exposed to view. The enemy had neglected 
to guard the river above the town, not expecting any 
attempt would be made in that direction. After a few 
boats were collected higher up, at a bend in the Douro, 
out of sight of the enemy's piquets, Major-General Paget 
crossed with the Buffs, and was followed by the rest 
of Major-General Hill's brigade. They took possession 
of a building which was maintained in spite of every 
effort of tile French to dislodge them ; here General 
Paget lost his arm. Several gims were planted near the 
convent of Sarea in Villa Nova to support the attack. 
Major-General MuiTay with his brigade and some cavalry 
crossed at Barca d'Avintas, a few miles higher up. The 
Guards then advanced to the water-side through Villa 
Nova, where the river was upwards of three hundred 
yards broad, very deep, and extremely rapid. They 
crossed at two o'clock p.m. in boats at the spot where the 



THE COLDSTREAM CUAHD9. 



Ill 



I 



bridge, prior to its removal, had been placed ; ' and, on 
landing, were immediately sent in pursuit. They chargnd 
the right of the French, and drove them through the 
principal streets, taking many prisoners and baggage. 
The enemy's left was endangered by the appearance of the 
brigade under Major-General Murray. The rest of the Bri- 
tish crossed as quickly as the boats could convey them. 
The Guards, while driving the French through the 
streets, were every where received by the inhabitants in 
the same manner as at Coiaihra. Amidst t)ie conflict 
the soldiers were encouraged with enthusiastic cheers; 
" Viva ofi Inglezes," " Viva Grand Britania," " Viva O 
Grand WeUington," resounded on all sides. H<^head8 
of wine were brought into the streets and given to the 
troops, and blessings were universally bestowed by the 
inhabitants on the brave English who had so gallantly 
relieved them from their cruel oppressors. 

Soult's loss must have been very considerable: his 
army left tlie place in complete disorder : they were 
undoubtedly surprised, and, according to the statements 
of the inhabitants, had thought themselves perfectly 
secure. 

The passage of the Douro was one of the most 
gallant and brilliant exploits that had taken place 
for a series of years. The English General crossed tbi» 
broad and rapid river at mid-day, with only a few boats, in 
the face of an active and skilful enemy. Although the 
tity of Oporto was defended by one of the ablest 
Marshals of France, commanding troops unused to defeat, 
this victory was achieved with a loss on the part of the 
British not exceeding one hundred and twenty-hve killed 
and wounded. 



■The ljg)il inritiilry ufllji.' <.'uUIs(r<: 
lOfCr lo Ihe town, 



112 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



When tbe pursuit was over the brigade of Guards 
retarned to Oporto, and were quartered in the Rue d'Al- 
nieida. 

After congratulating the army on their success. Sir Ar- 
thur Wellesley thus alludes to the conduct of the Guards 
in tbe General Order. 



" Oporto, 12 May, 1809. — Tbe timely passage of the 
" Douro, and subsequent movement on the enemy's 
" flank by Lieu tenant -General Sherbrooke with the bri- 
" gade of Guards and 29"" regiment, and the bravery of 
" the two squadrons of the 14" Light Dragoons under 
" the command of Major Harvey, and led by Brigadier- 
" General Charles Stewart, obtained the victory whicba 
" has contributed so much to the honour of the troops a 
" this day," 




The situation of Soult's army was critical; having 
learnt at Penafielthat lieresford had obliged Loison to quit 
the ground he occupied on the Tamcga, Soult determined 
to march on Guiniaraens ; to effect which he abandoned 
his guns, ammunition, military chest, baggage, and took 
to the paths across the mountains, leaving Braga ' on 
the left. By this manceuvre he gained a day in ad- 
vance. 

Sir Arthur left Oporto on the fourteenth, and arrived 
at Braga next day, where the troops were received 
with the same enthusiasm as at Coimbra and Oporto. On 
Uie sixteenth the British moved from Braga, and came 
cm the rear-guard of the French army, which was strongly 

' This fine city had been pluodered, (ind every Ihing valuable or 
omamenlal bad been destroyed. The retreat of the French wai 
every nbere marked by burning villiges, nod i&conceirable 
wretchednesB of the iiihabilants. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. U3 

poirted at Salamonde. The enemy's right was protected 1809. 
by a deep ravine ; the road as far as the village was 
exposed to the fire of their position : their left was co- 
vered by an extremely high hill. Two companies of the 
Coldstream mider Colonel Henry MacKinnon crowned the 
height, for the purpose of taming the enemy's left : 
on their appearance the brigade of Guards was ordered to 
advance. This attack was led by the light companies 
of the Coldstream and Third Guards, with the Sixtieth 
rifles, under the command of lieutenant-Colonel Fuller 
of the Coldstream. After firing a volley the enemy 
fled in great confusion. Two or three guns were brought 
to bear on the bridge of Ponte Nova» over which they 
endeavoured to escape, though not in the direct road of 
retreat; and at this spot great numbers were killed, many 
were crushed, others fell over the bridge, which had no 
parapet, and were drowned. 

Sir Arthur Wellesley, in his dispatch, dated Monte 
Alegre, May the eighteenth, 1809, says, ** The brigade of 
** Guards were at the head of the column, and set a lau- 
'' dable example ; and in the affair with the enemy's rear- 
'' guard on the evening of the sixteenth they conducted 
** themselves remarkably well." 

The French continued their retreat, and on the eigh- 
teenth the Coldstream crossed the bridge at Ravaens, and 
halted, after a long march, at Scavessa de Rio, in the 
Sierra Genres, where they remained the next day, and the 
pursuit tenninated. 

The British returned through Braga to Oporto, which 
they reached on the twenty-fourth. This town they left 
on the twenty-eighth, and arrived at Coimbra on the 
third of June ; they then continued their route through Jnne. 
Lyria and Thomarto Abrautes, near which place the army 
was concentrated. 

VOL. II. H 



114 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1809. 
June. 



The arrangements of the army were as follows on quit- 
ting Abrantes : 



Lt.-Gen. 

» 

Payne. 



CAVALRY. COMMANDING OFFICERS. 

3d Dragoon Guards, Sir Graoby Calcraft 1 Brig.-Gen. ' 
4th Dragoons, Lord Ed. Somerset J Fane 

14th Lt. Dragoons, Lt.-Col. Hawker 1 Maj.-Gen. 
16th do. Maj.-Hon. L. Stanhope / Cotton 

23d do.' Col. Seymour i Maj.-Gen. 

1st do. K. G. Leg. Baron Alten 

f Col. Robe 

I „ Framingbam 

lstbatt.Cold8t.Gds. Lt.-Col. Hulse 1 Brig.-Gen.* 
Istbatt. 3d Gds. Col. Hon. E.Stopford J Campbell 

40th regiment 

83d do 

OOtb, one company 

1st reg. K. G. Legion, Mig'or Bodecker ^ /'Msg.-Gen. 

o^ A^ A^ I Brig.-Gen. cjhpr- 



Artillery 



J Erskine ^ 
7 Maj.-Gen. Howarth. 



Lt.-Col. Gordon 



1 Brig.-Gen. 



/ 



Cameron 



1st 
Division, 



2d do. do. 

Light inf. five comps. 

5th reg. K.G. Legion, Major Gerber 
7th do. do. Major Berger 

Light inf. five comps. 

3d reg. Buffs, Lt.-Col. Muter 

66th do. 2d batt. Capt. Kelley 

60th, one company 



] Langworth 



} 
} 



Brig.-Gen. 

Lowe 

Brig.-Gen. 
Tilson 



Sher 
brooke. 



list batt. detachments, Lt.-Col. Bunbury ^ Brig.-Gen. 
29th reg. 



45th reg. Istbatt. 
24th do. 

60th, one company 
87th, 2d batt. 
88th, 1st batt. 



White J R. Stewart- 

Lt.-Col. Guard 1 Maj.-Gen. -j 
Col. Drummond / M^ Kenzie 



2d 
Division, 

Maj.-Gen. 
Hill. 



Major Rose 
Major Vandeleur 



} 



Colonel 
Donkin 



3d 
Division. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



115 



7tb reg. 2d batt. 
53d do. do. 
60th, one company 

2d batt. detachments, L^-Col. Copson 
97th reg. „ L'.-Col. Lyon 

60th, one company 

STAFF. 

Major-General Sherbrooke 



Sir Wm. Myen ^ _ -% 

^ I Brig.-Gen. 

J Campbell 



} 



Brig.-Gen. 
Anson 



4th 
Division. 



„ „ Payne 


1 Local rank of 


,, „ Lord Wm. Bentinck [Lieutenant-Generals. 


»» >» »» 


Paget 


J 


jor-Gen. Cotton. 




Brig.-Gen. A. Campbell. 


HiU. 




„ H. Campbell. 


,, Erskine. 




R. Stewart. 


„ M^Kenzie. 




„ Cameron. 


,, Tilson. 




„ Fane. 

„ Anson. 

,, Jjangworth, K. G. L. 

„ Lowe, K. G. L. 



Col. Donkin on the Staff. 
Adj*-Gen> Hon. C. Stewart. 
Q'-Master-Gen' Col. George Murray. 

The Ninety-fifth, Fifty-second, and Forty-third regi- 
ments, under General Crauford, from England, and the 
Forty-eighth and Sixty-first regiments from Gibraltar, 
were at Lisbon on their way to join the army. Sir Ar- 
thur Wellesley now determined to commence opera- 
tions in Spain. ^ 



1809. 
June. 



* The British troops under Sir Arthur Wellesley amounted to 
about nineteen thousand infantry and one thousand five hundred 
cavalry. Romana with fiAeen thousand men was in Gallicia ; and 
Blake with about twenty thousand was in Valencia ; Beresford, 
with twelve thousand Portuguese and ten thousand Spaniards, under 
the Duke del Parque, was to watch Soult; and the pass of 



116 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1809. The French under Victor, amounting to upwards of 
twenty thousand men, were on the Tagus: Sebastiani's 
corps, not quite so numerous, were in La Mancha : several 
thousand men were quartered in and about Madrid. 
Marshals Soult, Ney, and Mortier, with a large force^ 
were in Old Castile, Gallicia, and Leon: besides which 
there were a division of cavalry, and forty thousand 
men stationed in Arragon, Catalonia, and the adjacent 
country. 
Jane 27th. The allies marched from Abrantes, by Salvatiena, 
July 12th. on Placentia. They left Placentia on the seventeenth of 
July, formed a junction with General Cuesta's army at 
Oropesa, and moved in two columns on Talavera de la 
Reyna; from whence Marshal Victor, after making a 
slight resistance, retired across the Alberche. 

The most positive assurances had been given by the 
Spanish Government to Sir Arthur Wellesley that his 
army should be regularly supplied with provisions and 
means of transport during his advance ; but, either from 
neglect on the part of the proper authorities, or from the 
exhausted state of the country, these promises were not 
fulfilled. In consequence the troops underwent great 
privations.^ Sir Arthur reftised to move, and even threat- 
ened to return to Portugal if the rations and means of con- 
veyance so frequently demanded and promised were not 
forthcoming. 

The Spanish General Cuesta advanced to Santa Olalla: 
he was there attacked, and retreated in great disorder to 
the Alberche, where his troops joined the British. The 



Banos was to be guarded to prevent Soult's advancing to Pla- 
centia. 

* An officer of the Coldstream gave a dollar for a small loaf on 
the day preceding the battle of Talavera. 



TH£ COLDSTREAM GUARDS. H? 

position of the Allies occupied nearly two miles. The ^^^'. 
Spaniards were strongly posted on the right in front of 
Talavera, extending to the Tagus ; here they were sheltered 
from the fire of the French guns, and the space was in* 
tersected with ditches, mud enclosures, olive trees, and 
Tineyards« The centre of the line was more open. The 
left was on a lofty ascent, and a ravine ran along the 
front. The communication from the hill with the rest of 
the English line was of easy and gradual descent. This 
height was at first occupied only by Colonel Donkin's 
brigade, who, being unable to defend so large a space, had 
his left turned : he was reinforced by General Hill, when 
the enemy were driven from the summit. Soon after dark 
an attempt was made to dislodge the German Legion, 
which however maintained its ground. About the same 
time a fire commenced fit>m the left of the British line, 
which was taken up by the Guards, and partially went 
down the brigade: from this unfortunate occurrence, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Ross, Captain Bryan, and two men 
were killed. In this conflict the British loss amounted to 
eight hundred; that of the French was estimated at one 
thousand. 

At day-light two strong columns, supported by a third, July sstft. 
under a discharge of artillery, advanced against the left of 
the British position. This attack was conducted with great 
order ; the French moved on at a quick pace, crossed the 
ravine, and mounted the ascent, where they were received 
by the brigades of Tilson and Richard Stewart. A de- 
structive fire of musketry was well kept up on both sides; 
but the assailants were at length thrown into disorder, 
and retired to their original ground. During the at- 
tack General Hill, who commanded on the left, was 
wounded. 

The roll of the French drums was distinctly heard at one 



118 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

J ?^^' h ^'^^^l^* ^^ ^^ enemy were again seen in motion through 
clouds of dust. About two the French light troops ad- 
vanced ; four dense columns followed them, covered by 
eighty guns. The English, notwithstanding the heavy 
loss they sustained from the cannonade, patiently reserved 
their fire till the near approach of the enemy. 

General Sebastiani almost reached the redoubt on the 
right of the British ; but the troops commanded by Briga- 
dier-General Alexander Campbell, with two Spanish bat- 
talions, drove them back with great slaughter, taking 
thirteen pieces of cannon. 

On the left, Brigadier-General Anson with the Twenty^ 
third, and First German hussars, was ordered to charge 
the head of Villatte's column. When at the gallop, the 
brigade was suddenly checked by a deep ravine. The 
Twenty-third light dn^oons, in defiance of the fire from 
the squares, dashed heedlessly on, passed between the di- 
visions of Ruffin and Villatte, and charged a brigade of 
chasseurs. A body of cavalry sent by Marshal Victor 
coming up, the regiment was surrounded, broken, and 
nearly annihilated. 

The centre, occupied by Slierbrooke's division, on the 
approach of the column under Lapisse was in readiness to 
charge. The French advanced with great resolution under 
the protection of their numerous artillery. They were re- 
ceived with calm intrepidity by the first division, who dis- 
charged a volley, and rushed on them with irresistible im- 
petuosity. The brigade of Guards pursued the enemy so 
far as to expose itself to be attacked by the reserve 
columns, and taken in flank by the fire of the artillery. 
The French cavalry also advanced, and the brigade suffered 
very severely : about six hundred in a few minutes were 
killed and wounded, and its entire destruction appeared 
inevitable. The first battalion of the Forty-eighth regi- 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 119 

menty^ and Major-General Cotton's cavalry, were ordered 1809. 

July S8tJi« 

to their support, when the Guards rallied, and again 
heroically advanced with renewed huzzas to the aid of the 
gallant Forty-eighth. These cheers were echoed along 

the whole of the British line ! It was the shout of 
triumph ! The French were beaten ; and although some 
skirmishing was kept up by the light troops, and occasion- 
ally a heavy cannonade, they retired to their original po- 
sition.^ 

In the evening of the twenty-eighth the grass, which 
was very long and dry, ignited, and the fire spread with 
such rapidity, that several of the wounded were burnt to 
death. During the night the men lay on their arms, and 
suffered greatly from the want of provisions. Next morn- July 29th. 
ing a rear guard of cavalry was all that was visible of the 
French army. 

' " Commanded by two gallant officers, Lieutenant-Colonel Done- 
** Ian and Major Middlemore, the latter taking the command when 
" the former fell." 

' The British lost about ^yc thousand three hundred and sixty- 
scTen men, amongst whom were Major-Generals M^ Kenzie and 
Langworth. The loss of the French may be calculated at be- 
tween eight and ten thousand. The loss of the Spaniards, accord- 
ing to their own statement, was twelve hundred. Seyenteen 
guns were captured by the English. 

List of officers of the Coldstream Guards killed and wounded at 
Talayera, 27th and 28th July, 1809 : 

Lieutenant- Colonel Ross, Captain Beckett, and Ensign Parker, 
killed : Lieutenant-Colonels Stibbert, Sir W. Sheridan, Captains 
Bouverie, Collier, Milman, Christie, Wood, Jenkinson, Bryan, 
and Ensigpi Sandilands, wounded. 

Captains Jenkinson and Bryan (Adjutant) died of wounds. 

10 officers 



3 officers 
Killed S 33 j.^,^ ^^^ gjg 



Wounded' 



11 Serjeants 
I drummer 
241 rank and file. 



120 OKIGUi AND SERVICES OF 

1809. The following appeared in General Orden, dated Tala- 
▼era de la Rejrna, Joly twentyHunth, 1809. 

** The charge made by the brigade of Ghiards nnder the 
** command of Brigadier-General Henry Campbell, cm the 
** enemy's attacking column, was a most gallant one.'* 

The light brigade, consisting of a troop of horse-artillery, 
the Forty-third, Fifty-second, and Ninety-fifth rifles, nnder 
Major-General Robert Crauford, joined, after marching 
sixty-two miles in twenty-six hours in the hottest wea- 
ther, leaying only seventeen stragglers on the road. 

Soult haying forced the strong passes between Sabr 

manca and Placentia, Sir Arthur Wellesley resolved that 

Aug. 9rd. the British army should immediately march to Oropesa, 

leaving the Spanish General Cuesta to remain in position 

at Talavera. 

Notwithstanding this arrangement, Cuesta left his po- 
sition without the knowledge of Sir Arthur Wellesley, and 
joined him with his army at day- light on the fourth, having 
marched all night. In so doing Cuesta abandoned the 
sick and wounded of the British army, amounting to five 
thousand men, who had been left at Talavera under the 
command of Colonel Henry Mac Kinnon of the Coldstream 
Guards. As Marshal Victor was only a few leagues dis- 
tant. Colonel MacKinnon had received instructions in 
case of necessity to make the best of his way to Merida by 
the bridge of Arzobispo. When he saw Cuesta marching 
away, he applied to that General for transport, and it was 
with great difficulty he could procure half a dozen bullock 
cars. Colonel H. MacKinnon, who wrote and spoke the 
French language remarkably well, obtained for those un- 
fortunate men, whom there was no possibility of removing, 
the most humane and honourable treatment.^ After pa- 



* Martbai Victor arrived at Talavera on the seventh. His ad- 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 121 

all those that were able to move» at three o'clock in 1809. 
the afternoon of the third be set out on his march to 
Calera. The following day he joined the British at Ar- Aug. 4ili. 
zobtspo, and forty more cars were added to his means of 
transport; bat these were in so bad a state, that having to 
cross the worst roads in the world, only eleven of them 
reached Deleytosa. Colcmel H. MacKinnon nevertheless 
marched about two thousand sick and wounded soldiers 
from Talavera to Elvas» a distance of fifty-one leagues, 
without any assistance fit)m the local authorities, and with 
only one commissary's cleik to furnish them with food. 
During his march, the inhabitants frequently evinced 
feelings of hostiUty, and he was compelled to resort to 
coercive measures to preserve his men from starvation.^ 

Sir Arthur Wellesley crossed the Tagus at Arzobispo; 
Cuesta fcdlowed, leaving the Duke del Albuquerque with 
a considerable force to defisnd the bridge, and withdrawing 
the remainder of his army to Paraleda de Garben. The 
French having succeeded in fording the river, not more 
than two hundred yards above the bridge, surprised the 
Spaniards, and took their works in rear. On this oc- 
casion Albuquerque charged with great determination; but 
fresh troops came up, which obliged the Spaniards to re- 
treat, vnth the loss of thirty guns, ammunition, and bag- 
gage. Cuesta retired to Deleytosa, and the British fell 
back from that place to Zaraicejo. 



▼ance (Fifth cbassears) took possessioD of Talavera on the sixth. 
The following officers of the Coldstream were taken prisoners : — 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir William Sheridan, Captains Christie, 
Milman, and Bryan ; Ensign Sandilands, and Assistant-Surgeon 
Wh3rmper. 

' The wounded taken prisoners in the hospitals of Talarera were 
six lieutenant-colonels, three majors, sixteen captains, thirty-two 
lieutenants, eleren ensigpis, two thousand rank and file ; all io 
charge of one staff-surgeon and tweoty-one assistant-surgeons. 



122 ORIGIN AND SEllVICES OF 

1809. It was found impossible to supply the troops with pro- 

visions; and as all concert between Ciiesta and Sir Arthur 
was at an end, the latter resolved to establish his head- 
quarters at Badajoz. 

The brigade of Guards reached Merida on the twenty^ 
fourth of August, and remained there till the beginning of 
September; they afterwards marched towards Talavera 
Sept. 3rd. Real. Whilst they were in this neighbourhood huts were 
constructed to protect the men from the heat, which was 
excessive. The brigade entered Badajoz on the tenth of 
October. 



General Order, dated Badajoz, September 24, 1809. 

'^ The Commander of the Forces deems it but justice to 
'^ the two battalions of Guards to state, that their returns 
'^ have in every respect been as accurate as the conduct of 
'^ those excellent corps has been regular and exemplary 
" in every other respect.' 



» 



War had been declared on the sixth of April between 
France and Austria. Napoleon quitted Paris in that month 
to take the field. Marshal Davoust was with a French 
corps atRatisbon, Massena at Ulm, Oudinotat Augsburg. 
Head-quarters at Strasburg. 

The Bavarians, under Le Fevre, Generals Roy and 
Wrede, were at Munich, Landshut, and Staubing. A 
division of Wirtemburgers was at Hydenheim. The Saxons 
were encamped at Dresden, and Poniatowski's corps was- 
under the walls of Warsaw. 

Napoleon gained the battle of Abensberg on the 
twentieth, where he overthrew two corps commanded by 
the Archduke Lewis and General Hillier; the day after, 
he gained another victory at Landshut. On the twenty- 
second he attacked the Archduke Charles at Eckmuhl, and 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 123 

forced the latter to retire behind the Danube with great '^^^' 
loss.* 

To create a diversion in favoar of Austria, a formidable 
expedition was prepared by England for invading the 
French dominions. About the end of July forty thousand 
men were collected : a fleet of thirty-nine sail of the line, 
with thirty-six frigates, besides a vast number of gun- 
boats, bomb-vessels, and other small craft, was fitted out. 
The object of this armament was the occupation of Flush- 
ing, and the destruction of the French ships, arsenals, and 
dock -yards at Antwerp. The command of the expedition 
was entrusted to Lord Chatham. The fleet was under 
Sir Richard Strachan, and sailed in two divisions for the 
island of Walcheren on the twenty-eighth and twenty- 
ninth of July. 

The flank companies^ of the second battalion of the 

' The Austrians lost about two thousand prisoners, with part 
of their artillery. According to the French accounts, forty thousand 
were taken prisoners, besides one hundred pieces of cannon. 

' Return of the Grenadier and Light Infantry companies of the 
Coldstream, forming part of the Grenadier and Light Infantry bat- 
talions on service at Walcheren : — 

The five companies forming the Grenadier battalion, commanded 
by Lieut-Colonel P. Cocks, consisted of 5 captains and lieut.- 
colonels, 1 lieutenant and major, 14 lieutenants and captains, 1 
adjutant, 1 quarter-master, 1 surgeon, I assistant-surgeon, ^4 
Serjeants, 34 corporals, 19 drummers, 542 private men. 

OFFICERS OF THE COLDSTREAM. 

Lieut.-Colonel George Smyth. 
Captain Thomas Thoroton. 
„ Hon. W« G. Crofton. 
„ H. W- VacheU. 
Quarter-Master B. Selway. 
Strength of the Grenadier company of the Coldstream : — 
6 Serjeants, 4 drummers, and 120 rank and file. 

Head-quarters, Fort dc Batz, 24**' Aug«, 1809. 

The five companies forming tlic Light Infantry battalion, com- 



124 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

iB^- Coldstream embarked at Chatham, proceeded to the Nore, 
and were put on board ships of war. 

The troops landed on the first of August, and mveBted 
Flushing. After a bombardment by sea and land, ftom 
which the town suffered greatly. General Monnet the 
governor demanded a suspension of hostilities, which 
terminated in the surrender of the town: the garriBon, 
amounting to nearly six thousand men, were made prisonera 
of war.^ The force opposed to the British on the island 
rather exceeded nine thousand men. 

Lord Chatham, whose army, long detained among un- 
wholesome marches, began to suffer severely from fever, 
having ascertained that the enemy had availed themselves 
of the slowness of his proceedings to improve their means 
of defence, relinquished his intention of attacking Antweipi 
and the greater part of the troops in consequence re- 
embarked on the fourteenth of September for England. 

When Cromwell had achieved one of his greatest vic^ 
tories, he called it his ** crowning mercy." The attempt 

manded by Lieut.-Colonel John Lambert, consisted of 5 captaini 
and lieut. 'Colonels, 13 lieutenants and captains, 1 adjatant, 1 
qoarter-master, 1 surgeon, I assistant-surgeon, 35 Serjeants, 35 
corporals, 10 buglers, 546 private men. 

OFFICERS OF THE COLDSTREAM. 

Lieut.-Colonel Thomas Braddyll. 
Captain Thomas Barrow. 
,, Newton Dickenson. 
,, Lord Alvanley. 
Assistant- Surgeon John Crake. 
Strength of the Light Infantry company of the Coldstream : — 7 
Serjeants, 2 buglers, and 121 rank and file. 

Ilcad-quarters, Reyland, 24^ Aug*, 1809. 

' The London Gazette of Tuesday, August 22nd, statei thmtthe 
garrison of Flushing amounted to 200 officers, 4985 rank and file, 
and 618 sick. 



THE C0LD3TBEAM GUAIUJS. 



125 



against Antweqi, better knowD aa the Walcheren expe- **"• 
dition from having got no farther, may be termed by 
Eugland her "crowning abBurdity," whether the magni- 
tude and expense of the preparations are considered, or the 
original conception of the plan those splendid preparations 
were expected to realise. All former disastrous and ill- 
considered debarkations on the enemy's coast are thrown 
into shade when compared with this memorable scheme 
for surprising an important fortress belonging to the most 
powerful monarch and most active warrior of the period ; 
care being first taken to give him due notice of the ap- 
proaching surpnee by the preparatorj' siege of Flushing. 
After lingering for weeks together in the pestilent islands 
of the Scheld, the Enghsh General, to his apparent asto- 
nishment, discovered that Napoleon, whose resources and 
energy were known to the whole world, had contrived in 
the interval to render a coup-de-main on Antwerp alto- 
gether impracticable. Much has been said of the in- 
efficiency of the British commander on that occasion; 
and it was strongly urged by the opponents of the then 
existing administration, that an officer should not have beea 
selected whose habitual dilatoriness had previously ac- 
quired lor him the appellation of "the late" Lord Chatham. 
But as his inglorious return was not attended with any 
personal consequences, there is reason to suppose that the 
foult rested elsewhere, and that the General's course had 
been marked out for him before he left England. Tardi- 
ness of movement is at all times a very questionable evi- 
dence of military talent; but in the case of acoup-de-maJn, 
the application of the maxim "slow and sure" can only 
mean, sure not to succeed. The sufferings of the troops, 
and the cost to the country of twenty milhons sterling, are 
yet remembered with indignant sorrow : it is to be hoped 
that future British Cabinets will at length learn from so 
many repeated lessons, that although such enterprises may 



126 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1809. succeed against detached islands cut off from all assistance, 
they cannot with prudence be adventured on the Conti- 
nent, with the inadequate force that a maritime power can 
suddenly and secretly convey on ship-board to the terri- 
tories of a powerful enemy^ whose troops may in a few 
hours be collected from every quarter in overwhelming 
numbers. Although Napoleon had carried with him to 
the open field his strongest and most disciplined soldiers, 
it was pure infatuation to suppose that he had not left in 
France thousands who were fully competent for garrison 
duty ; or that^ having left them, they should be so placed 
as not to be within reach of his most important fortresses. 
Nothing happened which might not have been foretold, 
except the wonderment of the English Ministers on finding 
that failure is the attendant of folly. Walcheren was re- 
tained till the twenty-third of December, when it was 
evacuated. 

A battle was fought by the Spaniards on the nineteenth 
of November at Ocana, where their best troops were 
destroyed.^ Napoleon considered this victory as the con- 
clusion of the war, and exultingly exclaimed, in his speech 
to the Senate, '' I shall show myself beyond the Pyrenees, 
'^ when the fiightened Leopard will fly to the sea to avoid 
'' shame, defeat, and death : my Imperial Eagles shall be 
'^ planted on the ramparts of Cadiz, and be seen on the 
" towers of Lisbon." 

In this state of affairs Sir Arthur Wellesley, created 
Viscount Wellington, deemed it expedient to confine 
himself to the defence of Portugal : the army in conse- 
quence crossed the Tagus. 

The brigade of Guards marched through Portalegre, 
Abrantes, Coimbra, and arrived at Vizeu on the thirtieth 

* By the French account four thousand men were killed, twenty- 
six thousand taken prisoners, the remainder dispersed. The French 
admit their loss to have been one thousand seven hundred. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



127 



of December, where they were stationed.^ This place was 
also fixed on as the head-quarters. 



1809. 



' Return of the officers of the Ist battalion Coldstream that 
embarked 31st of December, 1808, for the Peninsula. 



Comps. 


Captsins. 


Lieutenants. 


Ensigns. 


Gren. 


Lt«-Col. John Ro88 


Capt. L. F. Adams 
„ C. M.'Christie 
„ E. Jenkinson 






„ ,, Rich. Halse 


„ Thos. Wood 


I^rd Kilconrsie 
E. N. Long 

John Boswell 

Hon. J. Ashbnmham 




p, „H. MacKinnon 
acting Major 


^ „ R. Beckett 




Col. W. M. Peacocke 


,, Hon. G. Pelham 


Thomas Steele 
P. Sandilands 




» Brig.-Gen. W. P. 
Acland 


M Sir H. Sullivan 


George Bowles 
Hon.F. H. Drummond 




Lt,-Col. T. Stibbert 


„ F. M. Sutton 


Thos. Sowerby 
John Prince 




,. Sir. W.Sheridan 


« „ H. F. Bouyerie 


E. Harrey 
Harry Parker 




,, Hon. H. Brand 


» „ H. F. Cooke 


W. L. Walton 




„ ,, Js. Philips 


„ F. M. Milman 


W. Burroughs 
' E. Laacelles 


Light 

Inf. 


„ ,, Joa. Fuller 


„ G.Collier 
„ W.H. Raikes 
,, D. MacKinnon 





Adjutant, Captain Geo. Bryan. 
Quarter-Master, John Holmes. 
Battalion Surgeon, Charles Coombe. 
Assistant-Surgeon, Thos. Rose. 
„ „ Wm. Whjrmper. 

> On the Staff. 



The following changes had taken place in December, 1809. 
Joined. Absent. 



Capt. Gore, Lt. 
James V. Harvey, 
Ensigns Lock- 
wood, Hon. John 
\Vingfield. Mild- 
may , W edderbam, 
and White, En- 
sign Freemantle, 
Acting Adjutant 
1st battalion. 



Col. Peacocke, Commandant at Lisbon, Brig.-Gen. 
Acland, Staff, Lieut.-Col. Sir W. Sheridan, Capt. F. M. 
Milman, and Assistant -Surgeon Whymper, prisoners 
of war. Capt. C. M. Christie, from prisoner of war, 
tol^d bat. in England. Capt. Thos. Steele, Capt. Harvey, 
and Capt. Burroughs, to 2d bat. at home on promotion. 
Ensign E. N. Long, drowned 9 March, Ensign Sandi- 
lands, from prisoner of war and sick to England. Ensign 
Freemantle, Adjutant to 2d bat. at home, Lt.-Col. J. 
Ross, Capt. R. Beckett, and Ensien H. Parker, killed 
July, 1809. Capt. F2. Jenkinson, and Capt. and Adjutant 
Bryan, died of their wounds. Ensign Hon. John Ash - 
I burnham, supposed to be lost on passage home in Dec. 



128 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1809. General Hiirs coq)8 was placed in and about Abrantes. 
The remainder of the army occupied Guarda, Celerico* 
Pinhely and places in the neighbourhood. The river Cea 
ran along the front of the I'me. 

The confident expectation expressed by the Emperor of 
France at this period, that ^* the Leopard would fly to 
the sea," was not the result of a too sanguine temperament 
fondly bent on giving reality to its own unfounded wishes; 
the anticipation was that of a skilful soldieri founding his 
calculations on the ordinary rules of military sciencCi and 
allowing his adversary, whose future movements he sought 
to divine, a fair portion of courage and talent. The 
Spanish army was annihilated ; the spirit of that people 
appeared crushed; and no adequate force remained in 
Spain to impede the successful progress of the Emperor's 
legions. Wellington, outnumbered by the French, retired 
through Portugal, a country deemed indefensible against 
the power of Napoleon. Every thing seemed to indicate 
that the Peninsula would become the prey of the invader, 
and that the British were making for Lisbon to repeat the 
embarkation of Corunna: but the mind of their General 
rose above the difficulties of his situation; the Leopard 
did not fly to the sea ; he only drew back and took a 
more deadly spring. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 129 



CHAPTER VIII. 

WelUngton's communicatioii to Colonel Stopford — Soalt passes 
the Sierra Morena — Joseph Buonaparte enters Seville — Albn- 
qaerque barricades the bridge of Zuozo— Eleven companies of 
the Guards embark at Portsmouth for Cadiz — Allies collect a 
force at Cadiz — Wellington's head-quarters at Celerico— Army 
of Portugal assemble under Massena — Capture of Ciudad Ro- 
drigo — Massena's proclamation — Ney attacks Crauford — Pro- 
clamation issued by Wellington — Massena enters Portugal— 
French concentrate at Yizeu — Battle of Busaco— Wellington 
retires to the lines of Torres Yedras — Romana joins from the 
Alentejo— Massena retreats — Wellington follows towards Santa- 
rem — Allies move into cantonments — Head-quarters and Guards 
at Cartaxo— Hill crosses the Tagus — Drouet reinforces Mas- 
sena. 

On the thirteenth of January the following letter appeared 1810. 



in Brigade Orders^ directed to Colonel the Honourable 
Edward Stopford : 

" Vizeu, 13 January, 1810. 
" Sir, 

" I have taken frequent occasions of stating pub- 
'' licly the great satisfaction which the conduct of the 
*^ Guards has invariably given me ; which satisfaction has 
" been renewed on the recent march through Portugal ; 
^* in which, as they were the head of the column, they set 
" the example to the other troops, of the most orderly and 
'* regular ^behaviour. I am anxious to testify this satis- 
*' faction in a manner which shall prove to them that the 
" attention which they pay to their duty is not unob- 

VOL. II. 1 



January. 



130 



ORIGIN AMD SERVICES OF 



isio. "served by their saperiors; and if the commanding 
" officers of the two battalions will be bo kind as to recom- 
" mend a Serjeant each, I.will reconunend them to vacant 
" eosigncies in the army. 

(Signed) "Wellington. 
" Hon* Col. Stopfgrd, 
" Commanding X* Brigade of Gaards." 

Soult, with little opposition, forced the passes of the 

Jin. eoth. Sierra Morena, which had been fortilied, overthrowing 
twenty thousaod men intended for their defence, and 
advanced into Aodalueia. On the twenty-firat of January 
he reached Baylen. Sevea days after, Victor joined him 
before Seville, which place opened its gates on the thirty- 
first, and Joseph Buonaparte entered the city in trinmph. 

Febniuy. Mortier was sent into Hstramadura, and Victor marched 
for Cadiz, which was unprepared for defence. Vanegos, 
the governor, was much disliked, and resigned. A Junta 
was then elected by ballot. 

The Duke of Albuquerque, in oppo^tion to the orders 
he had received to march on Cordova, hastened in this 
extremity with all speed to Cadiz, and by the rapidity of 

Feb. 4ib. biB march arrived just in time to barricade the bridge of 
Zuozo in the Isla de Leon. The French were therefore 
disappointed in their expectations of entering the place. 

Mar.Ttli. Six Companies of the First Guards,' two companies of tlie 

' JtelurD of two companiea of the Second battalion of the Cold- 
■Iream, at Iila de Leon, Tuifa, be., from March 1810, to Hay 
1811. 





1:3 




i 


iJiii 


i 
1 


£ 
1 


Si 


f 


CoosUling of 


1 


s 


4 1 j 1 


13 


3 


«4 


2*9 


.Toinc.l from KnglHod lit .ail 1 
Utii April, IBIl , J 






. 1 . , 


' 




*t M 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



second battalion of the Coldstreanii commanded by Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Jacluon, and three from the Third Guards 



LtC'J 
LtJti 



R. D.Jacku 



M*r. IBIO Much, 



1,1811 
oaSuff 



A.'. 1 



il. Witts 
C.A.F.B 

llDCk 



W. WhTUper 
B. Sel- 1 



UlT, IBll 
Much 



April, 1811 
Mar. IBIO 



' A ppoio led Aiu it--Qiuu'.- 
Mut. Gen. in Portogtl io 
I. March, 1811, 

{Appointed Oeputr-Auiit.- 
(Jnar.-Mut. Uen.. Uls de 
Ifon, in April, 1810 
' ToiBed and appoinled Brif .• 
MlJO^tl>Mai.-GeD. DiUM 
ia Not. 1810. Do. to Col. 
Coots in May. IBll, and 



la command of Lt.-Col. 



itBatti: _. 
" Leavo to procetid to Eng- 
liDd, SSiid June, retiring 
from the Setrioe." 
Left tha SUdon !4tb May, 
_ and joined tha lil Batl. 
Killed at Baimaa, 5lh March. 
Wounded at do. Leave to 
. England. 

{Wooitded at Banoia, 6tfc 
March. Embarked vith the 
dstacbmeDt for ^igland. 
- LeaTS to England in Oct. : 
retired from the Service. 
Joined from England 1st 
April. 1811, and embarked 
for England on 4tb May. 
Embarked with the detach- 
ment for EngIiodoD4Hay. 





1l 
3* 


1 


S3 
1 


1 


Ik 


Left the SlatioD at Isla de Leon, 4tb and 1 
ilth May, 1811 , . . / 


■ 


= 


' 


It 


3 i-iS 


Embarked fm England 4th May 






1 


t 


9 


3 14S- 














- 198 


Joined the 1st BatlJion at camp n 
Olaia.^.tth June 


"-} 


1 


■ 




3 



Alei. Woodford promoted to CapUin and Liout.-Col. to one of these 
Companies, daled 8th March, IBIO ; " on the Staff ia Sicily " (o May, and 
"doing datj ID London" bom June, 1810. 



132 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1810. under Brigadier-General Dilkea, marched from London to 
embark at Portsmouth for Cadiz, from whence they pro- 
ceeded to the Isle of Leon. 
Aphl. A force of between five and six thousand British and 
Portuguese was there collected under Lieutenant-General 
Graham. ' Both sides exerted themselves in constructiDg 
fortifications. The French strengthened Rota, Puerto 
Real, Puerto Santa Maria, and Chiclona. They formed 
intrenched camps between these places and at Trocadero; 
and established batteries, whence they threw enormous 
shells half filled with lead into the town. The English 
restored the old works and erected new ones along the 
Santa Petri river; they also cut a canal across the isthmus, 
near the Corta Dura, between the Isla and Cadiz. The 
Allies were considerably augmented. Strong reinforce- 
ments also arrived for the French in Spain, who had 
upwards of three hundred thousand men in different parts 
of the Peninsula. 

Towards the end of April* Lord Wellington moved 
from Vizeu to Celerico, at which place the brigade of 
Guards was quartered. 

For some time a powerful army had been assembling, 
which consisted of the Second, Sixth, and Eighth corps 
under Marshal Massena. This was denominated '' the 
army of Portugal." 
May. Almeida was strengthened, and hopes were entertained 

that it would detain the enemy some time, should Ciu- 
dad Rodrigo fall. 

Massena commenced the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in 
Juno i5tli. June, but the garrison did not capitulate till the tenth of 



' The Coldstream inarched on the twenty-seventh, and reached 
Celerico next day. Part of the regiment were quartered in the 
neighbouring villages. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 133 

July, after a siege of twenty-five days with open trenches. J^^« 
This General addressed a proclamation from Ciudad 
Rodrigo, in which he stated that the Emperor of the 
French had put under his orders an army of one hundred 
thousand men^ to take possession of Portugal, and to 
expel the English, the pretended friends of the Portu- 
guese, whose purposes were insidious and selfish : he 
added, that in opposing the Emperor they opposed 
their true friend, who was governed by principles of 
universal philanthropy; that the English had put arms 
into their hands which would prove instruments of anni- 
hilation to them- " Can the feeble army," he asked, " of 
^' the British General expect to oppose the victorious 
'* legions of the Emperor ? Already a force is collected 
" sufficient to overwhelm your country. Snatch the mo- 
" ment that mercy and generosity offer ! As friends you 
" may respect us, and be respected in return; as foes 
'' you must dread us, and in the conflict must be sub- 
** dued. The choice is your own, either to meet the 



' British, Spanish, and Portuguese Armies : 

With Lord Wellington, thirty thousand ; with Lieutenant- 
General Hill, fourteen thousand; Reserve with Major-General 
Leith, ten thousand. There was also in co-operation a corps of 
Portuguese militia consisting of ten thousand, besides ten thou- 
sand Spanish troops under Romana; making a total of seventy- 
four thousand. 

French Army under Massena : 

The Infantry of the Second, Sixth, and Eighth corps, sixty-two 
thousand ; the Cavalry six thousand ; Artillery, &c. four thousand. 
Besides which he was afterwards joined by two divisions of the 
Ninth corps under Drouet, consisting of ten thousand, as well as 
the remainder of the corps under General Claperede, eight 
thousand. A corps of thirteeen thousand, under Mortier, was in 
co-operation on the south of the Tagus; making a total of one 
hundred and three thousand. 



134 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1810. ** horrors of a bloody war, and see your country de- 
'' solatedy your villc^s in flames, your cities plundered ; 
'' or to accept an honourable peace, which will obtain for 
'' you blessings that a vain resistance would deprive you 
" of for ever/* 

Ney with his corps attacked General Crauford on the 
morning of the twenty-fourth, who was obliged to retreat 
behind the Coa ; Crauford, however, succeeded in main- 
taining the bridge till evening, notwithstanding the re- 
peated attempts made by the enemy with a very superior 
force. 

Previous to the investment of Almeida, Wellington took 
the precaution to withdraw his troops from Pinhel and 
Trancoso to the valley of the Mondego, behind Celerico, 
that he might retire leisurely if Massena advanced without 
waiting the surrender of that fortress. Almeida was in- 
vested by Massena : the batteries of the besiegers were 

Aagost. not opened till towards the end of August, but the town 
unexpectedly surrendered on the twenty-seventh, owing to 
the explosion of the magazines in the citadel, by which 
calamity a great number of inhabitants and houses were 
destroyed. 

On the fourth the following proclamation was issued by 
Lord Wellington : 

'' The Portuguese must now perceive that no other 
** means remain to avoid the evils with which they are 
** threatened, but a determined and vigorous resistance, 
*^ and a firm resolution to obstruct as much as possible the 
'' advance of the enemy into theinterior of the kingdom, 
** by removing out of his reach every thing that may con- 
^' tribute to his subsistence, or facilitate his progress. The 
'* army under my command will protect as large a portion 
** of the country as is possible ; but it is obvious that the 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 136 



** people alone can deliver themselves by a vigorous re* i^o. 
" sistance, and preserve their goods by removing them "*" 
'' beyond the reach of the enemy. The duties, therefore, 
** that bind me to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent 
** of Portugal, and to the Portuguese nation, oblige 
'' me to make use of the power and authority with which 
'' I am intrusted to compel the careless and indolent to 
^' make the necessary efforts to preserve themselves from 
'' the dangers which threaten them, and to save their 
** country. I therefore make known and declare, that all 
magistrates, and persons in authority, who shall remain 
in the villages and towns, after having received orders 
^* from the military officers to remove from them, and all 
'' persons, of whatsoever class they may be, who shall 
** maintain the least communication with, or aid and 
** assist the enemy in any manner, shall be considered as 
^ traitors to the state, and tried and punished as an offence 
** so heinous requires." 



it 



Massena's army entered Portugal in three columns, Sepcieth. 
headed by Junot, Ney, and Regnier. 

The Allies retreated in the finest order by the road on 
the left bank of the Mondego, leaving the other through 
Vizeu to Coimbra open. 

The French army concentrated at Vizeu ; but their junc- 
tion was retarded by a well-planned attack made by Co- Sept. soth. 
lonel Trant on a convoy of the enemy near Togal, within 
half a day's march of Vizeu. The Colonel captured 
two officers and one hundred men, and caused the artillery 
under their convoy to fall back on Trancoso, which occa- 
sioned a delay of five days to the French General, as it 
obliged him to wait its arrival.^ By this occurrence 

* In an intercepted dispatch Maasena says, '' being obliged to 
" wait five days at Vizeu for my artillery.'* 



136 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1810. Wellington gained time to execute one of the mostr 
brilliant manoeuvres of this brilliant campaign. At Ponte 
de Murcella, the day after Massena had reached Vizeu, 
the bridge was destroyed. 

Sept.S6tb. On the twenty-sixth Generals Hill and Leith joined 
the Allies, now in position on the heights of Busaco. 
The troops were ordered to conceal themselves as much 
as possible behind the brow of the hill. The French, 
placed immediately below, were distinctly seen from 
every part of the high ground , extending nearly eight 
miles from the Mondego in a northerly direction. A 
convent crowned the summit of Busaco, surrounded by 
extensive woods ; this point was nearly three hundred 
feet highy but its elevation varied considerably in different 
places : two roads crossed the hill, one near the convent, 
the other more to the south. Sir Brent Spencer with 
the first division occupied the centre, on the right of which 
were the Guards; the Coldstream extended to Picton's- 
division, which joined with Leith 's ; General Hill was on 
the extreme right; General Cole's division occupied the 
left. The light division was in advance, in front of the left 
and left centre. The cavalry under Sir Stapleton Cotton 
formed in the rear. General Fane's brigade was on the 
left of the Mondego. 

Sept. 27 th. Before day on the morning of the twenty-seventh, the 
British, who had been ordered on the previous even- 
ing to stand to their arms, were in readiness to receive the 
enemy. Ney's corps, formed in three masses, approached 
the convent; Junot was at some distance in the rear, 
and with him the greater part of the cavalry, Regnier at- 
tacked in two columns, and ascended a part of the 
hill, where he was opposed by the piquets and light troopa 
of the third division, assisted by a flank fire of grape 
from some guns: notwithstanding this resistance he sue- 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 137 

ceeded in gaining the summit in great force* The French isio. 
had at first only to contend with the Eighty-eighth r^- 
menty belonging to part of Colonel Henry MacKinnon's 
brigade ; but it was soon after reinforced by the Forty- 
fifth and Eighth Portuguese regiments, also under his 
orders. The brigade thus united poured in a destructive 
fire of musketry, and furiously charged ; in doing which 
they were joined by a brigade from Leith's division. 
They then drove the enemy with great impetuosity before 
them, who left upwards of seven hundred dead. 

Marshal Ney was equally unsuccessful in his attack on 
the light division under Major-General Crauford, who 
had judiciously formed behind the hill; so that on crown- 
ing the height, Ney's column had unexpectedly to en- 
counter the effects of the artillery and musketry, followed 
by a charge. His column was not only routed, but the 
leading regiments were totally destroyed. The loss of the 
British and Portuguese did not much exceed twelve hun- 
dred ; that of the French, on a moderate calculation, was 
supposed to be about five thousand. 

Animated by the example of the British officers em- 
ployed under Beresford in the organization of their army, 
and now associated with them in the field, the Por- 
tuguese, in many respects, did honour to the character 
recorded of them in the historical annals of that country. 

Had Massena followed Ney's advice and attacked 
Busaco on the twenty-fifth, there would have been more 
chance of success, as it was at that time only partially occu- 
pied. On the twenty-seventh the issue of the attempt 
was at no time doubtfuL His only alternative when he 
failed was to retire on Spain, or to turn the position, which 
he might equally have done on the preceding day. 

After the battle a Portuguese peasant was taken, 
and informed the enemy that the heights extending 



138 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1810. northwards from Busaco, called the Sierra de Camnda, 

SepcSTth. 

were practicable for caTalry, and presented good roads to 



CiHinbra and Oporto.^ Massena then detenmoed to 
the left of the Allied army. 

Wellington intended that Colonel Tranf s diTisioa of 
militia, consisting of about two thousand men, 
from the commencement of the campaign had been 
ployed in harassing the enemy's rear, should march to 
Sardao, a few miles distant from Busaco. Bat as the 
order was couTcyed through General Barcellar, who com- 
manded in the north, that officer conceired that the more- 
ment was for the protection of Oporto, and with thai 
beUef sent Trant round by that city. After forced 
of two hundred miles, Trant at length reached S 
on the twenty-eighth, previous to the crossing of the Car- 
mula by the French. His men, diminished by (atigne to 
about twelve hundred, were inadequate to resist an aray 
headed by a numerous cavalry, marchins: in one colomiiy 
especially as there were several passes, each of iriiicli 
required a more effective force than the armed peasantrr 
under Trant to defend them. Beins: informed on the 
thirtieth that the army had evacuated Busaco, Trant took 
post behind the Vouga. On his retreat he was 
br the enemv's cavalrv and k>«t some men. Ms 
cleared the passes without difficulty duriik? the twentr- 




CS mi^ti»Z^^ p4>£^ 1^3u 

-*' ^ I' m Jilt n, nskksn cz ?>Tsu ^-u ^li iiȣ>;T;i '.i tch^u de Bo- 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS, 



139 



eighth and twenty-ninth and marched for Coimbra, where leio. 
he established his head -quarters on the first of Oc- Ortobcr. 
tober. Leaving his hospital stores, and about five thou- 
sand sick and wounded under a guard, he advanced by 
Condexia, in expectation of faUing in with the rear of 
Wellington's army, which during the night withdrew from 
the position and fell back to the south of the Mon- 
dego. The army then retired in the finest order towards 
their hnes by the two parallel routes of Thomar and Lyria, 
occasionally halting to preserve the relative connexion of 
the two columns : that on the Thomar road was com- 
manded by General Hill. 

On the morning of the fifth of October Wellington 
continued his retreat, when the enemy advanced in great 
force, hut were kept in check, with a trifling loss, which 
enabled the Allies to retire leisurely, the right by Thomar 
and Santarem, the centre through Batalha and Rio Mayor, 
and the left by Alcoba^a and Obidos, The weather at 
this time was cold, and the rain fell in torrents. Massena 
continued to follow by the Rio Mayor road, and in the 
afternoon of the tenth drove the Allies out of the village 
of Sobral. On the same day the British troops were con- Oet. loih. 
centrated within their lines. Lord Wellington's foresight 
in the formation of these extensive works was worthy of 
his fame and extraordinary talents ; they were begun and 
completed without attracting any particular notice. The 
British troops were as much surprised at finding them- 
selves in their strongly -fortified and impregnable po- 
sition, as the French commander was astonished and 
confounded when he saw that the further progress of his 
overwhelming force was effectually arrested, ^'ext day 
eix thousand Spaniards, under the Marquis de la Romana, 
joined Welbngton from the Alentejo, 

The lines of Torres Vedras extended from the Tagus on 



140 ORIGIN AND SERnCES OF 

imo. the right, or east, to the sea on the west. General Hill's 
division occupied the village of Alhandra on the fight, 
which was flanked bv a number of omn-boats; Cranford's 
division joined their left. On the mountain which over- 
hung Sobral, and completely commanded the great road 
to Lisbon, was a strong redoubt, occupied by a brigade of 
Portumiese commanded bv General Pack. The first 
division under Lieutenant-General Spencer, including the 
brigade of Guards, vras stationed in the centre. Picton's 
division communicated with Spencer s on the light, and 
with General Cole's on the left, which last carried on the 
line of defence to the sea. 

Whilst affairs were in this state south of the Mondego, 
Trant, having taken up a position on the Vouga to cover 
()poTU} after the retreat of die armies from Busaco, had 
resolved to surprise whatever force Massena might have 
left in Coimbra, and accordingly reached Mealhada in the 
nisrht of the sixth of October. From thence he advanced 
next day to Coimbra, in front of which, at the village of 
Femos, he came suddenlv on one of the enemy's advanced 
p'iSts. He entered the gates unobserved, and after an 
honr> resistance the French, to the number of five thou- 
Band, chieflv sick and wounded, surrendered. Trant*s loss 
did not exceed twent\'-five or thirty men. A company of 
tb^ Imperial Marine Guards fell into his hands, with the 
ljo«:jital stores and medical staff of the enemy. By this 
movement of Trant 's, Massena was loft to the scantv re- 
sources of his immediate ^-icinit^-, boinc: deprived from that 
time of all communication beyond his own patroles in the 
direction of the rivers Zozere. and Mondo<ro. 

The French army suffered crcatly from want of sup- 
plies and exposure to the weather. Marshal Massena, 
who could no loncrer conceal from himself the hopelessness 
of the task he had undertaken, after remaining inactive 



,» 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 141 

upwards of a month, retreated on the night of the four- iBio. 

. NoTember. 

teenth of November, for the purpose of taking up a line of 
cantonments in the vicinity of Thomar. 

The Allied army followed the enemy towards Santarem, 
when the Guards passed through Alenquer and Cartaxo. 
Wellington made a demonstration for an attack. The 
Guards were to cross the causeway; but the guns not 
arriving, the advance was postponed until the following 
day. At six o'clock a.m. on the twentieth the brigade of 
Guards assembled at their alarm-post ; but in consequence 
of the rain that had fallen during the night, the low 
country in front of the enemy's position was so flooded as 
to render any attempt at passing dangerous and uncertain. 

On the enemy being discovered in great force, the troops 
were withdrawn, and the army went into cantonments. 
The Guards returned to Cartaxo, at which place head- 
quarters were established: the remainder of the army 
were cantoned at Alcoentre, Rio Mayor, Azembuja, Alen- 
quer, and Villa Franca. Hill's corps crossed the Tagus, 
and went into quarters at Barcos, Chamusca, and Care- 
giro. 

At the end of December General Drouet with ten December, 
thousand men reinforced Massena's army : this corps went 
into cantonments in and about Lyria. 



142 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



RETURN OF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST BATTALION OF THE COLDSTREAM 

FOR THE YEAR 1810. 



Col. 

»» 
Lt.-C. 

»t 

>r 
i» 
t» 



tapt. 



tt 



fr 



>t 



Officers present p-Qm 
in the Peninsula. 






ft 



»» 



>i 



Ens. 



} 



To 



t> 



f» 






t§ 



f* 



ft 






»i 



It 



ti 
»t 
»» 
*t 
>i 
»t 
It 
It 
Adjut. 

f» 

Q.-Mr. 

SurgB. 



} 



Ast. 
Sur 



•} 



It 



Richard Hulse 
H. Mac Kinnon 
Joseph Fuller 
Thomas Stibhert 
Hon. H. Brand 
James Philips 
Sir G. Stirling, 

Bart. 
George Smyth 
E. Dalling 

(Major ^ 
Lucius l< . Adams 
George Collier 
Sir H.Sullivan, 

Bart. 

Francis Sutton 
W. H. Raikes 
Thomas Gore 
H. W. Vachell 
Thomas Wood 
'Iliomas Barrow 

D. Mac Kinnon 
George Bowles 
John Boswell 
Hon. Francis 

Drummond 
Thomtis Sowerhy 

E. Lascellcs 
John Prince 

G. F. A. Lord i 

Kilcoursie J 
J. V. Harvey, 

(Lieut.) 
W. L. Walton 
W. Lock wood 
lion. John 

Wingfield 
PauletSt.Johni 

Mildmay j 

A. Wedderbum 
Charles White 
lliomas Bligh 
Charles Shawe 
G. H. Percival 
William Stothert 
W. G. Baynes 
John S. Cowell 
H. Dawkins 

(Capt.) 
J. Freemantle 

(Capt.) 
John Holmes 
Charles Coombe 

Thomas Rose 

W. Whymper 



1 Jan. 
f» 
*f 
It 
II 
It 

Feb. 

Oct. 

Feb. 

1 Jan. 

II 

It 

II 

Feb. 

1 Jan. 

Sept. 

1 Jan. 

II 

II 

II 

It 
II 
II 

It 

II 
11 



i» 



II 
Feb. 



Oct. 

Sept. 
Oct. 

Feb. 



Nov. 

Feb. 

June 

31 May 

31 Dec. 



If 

It 

It 

II 

II 
fi 



II 

23 Nov. 
31 Dec. 

24 Oct. 
31 Dec. 
28 Nov. 
31 Dec. 

Feb. 
March 

22 July 

7 Sept. 

II i> 
April 

11 Sept. 
31 Dec. 



Oct. 131 Dec.: 
1 Jan. 



f I 



II 



26 Feb. 



June 



Officers absent. 



Cause of mbsence. 



Lt.-G. 

Col. 
Col. 

II 

Br.-G. 

Li.-C. 

II 

II 

II 

Capt. 

>> 

>f 

tt 
It 
11 

ri 

If 
It 

It 

II 
II 
II 
II 

II 
II 
II 

Ens. 
II 

II 



John Calcraft \ 
(1st Major) J 

Richard Hulse 
H. Mac Kinnon 

W. M. Peacocke 

Wroth P. Acland 
Joseph Fuller 
M. Lord Aylmer 

lliomas Stibhert 

Sir W. Sheridan 

H. F. Bonverie 

Henry F. Cooke 

John Hamilton 

Francis Sutton 
F. M. Milman 
Thomas Gore 

Thomas Wood 
Hon. G. Pelham 



Hon. W. 
Crot'ton 



G.J 



} 



II 



II 



9 Nov. I 



Henry Dawkins 

Thomas Steele 
George Bowles 
John Hoswell 
Hon. F.Drum- i 
mond J 

I'bomas Sowerby 
(xlwd. Lascelles 
P. Sandi lands 

John Prince 

Lord Kilcoursie 



II 



As*. 1 
Sur. J 



K.ns. 



Leave 

r Commanding m 
I Brigade 

{Commanding a 
Brigade 
{Commandant 
at IJsbon 
Staff at home 
Posted to 2d Batt^. 
Asst. Adjt. Gen*. 

{Leave to Eng- 
land. Retired 
Prisoner of war 
/Staff (Acting 1 
I Mill. Secy.) / 
r Staff (Deputy S 

< A ss^ Adjutant > 
I General) J 
rDepy. Asaitanf) 

< Qur. Master \ 
I Geni. Cadiz J 

Sick leave to Eng'. 

Prisoner of war 
Sick leave to Eng'. 

{Leave to Eng'. 1 
on resignation j 
A. D. C. to B'. 
Genl. Camp- 
beU. 

On his way to join 

{BrigT. Major to 
Hon. E. Stop 
ford 

On his way to join 

Promd. in 2d Batt. 

Ditto. 



{ 



} 

in 



Fran 



To 



Hon. J. Ash- 
bumham 

G. H. Percival 



W. Whymper 



John Mills 



} 



Ditto. 

Ditto. 
Ditto. 
Sick in England 
r Ditto. Posted \ 
I to 2d Batt". J 
Leave to England 
'Supposed to be' 
drowned on 
passage to 
. England 
Sick in England 
Taken prisoner' 
6 Aug. 18()9: 
Made his es- 
cape 20 Dec. 
1809. 

Sick leave to 
England 
n his way to join 



IJan. 

Dec 

March 

Um. 

99 

June 
1 Jan. 

1 June 

1 Jan. 

It 
ft 

April 

I Jan. 
25 Oct. 

29 Nor. 

iJan. 

Dec. 

Jane 

Dec. 

Feb. 

March 

23 July 

8 Sept. 

II If 
1 Jan. 

April 

12 Sept. 

Jan. 
If 



31 Dee. 



9W 



99 



tt 



It 



ft 



SZJoM 
31 Dae. 

31 Dm. 



31 Dec. 



I> 



•I 

ft 
■t 
ft 

f> 



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tt 

ft 
ff 
f* 

ft 

ff 



1 Jan. 

10 Nov. 
Dec. 



Sept. 



25 Feb. 



31 Dec. 



tt 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 143 



CHAPTER IX. 

Seyen thousand men arrive in tbe Tagus — French army refreat 
— Houghton's brigade crosses the Tagus^Skirmish at Pombal — 
After an obstinate resistance Ney retreats through Condeixa 
and Cazal Nova to Miranda de Conro — Enemy retire in disorder 
from Foz d'Aronse — French retreat from their station behind the 
Alva — Wellington detained from want of provisions — Massena 
retreats from Guarda — Enemy defeated at Sabugal — French 
enter Spain — ^Termination of the third invasion by the French — 
Observation on the defence of Lisbon — Position of the Allies — 
Guards at Almadilla and Puebla — Troops embark at Cadiz — 
Confederates form a junction at Tarifa — Battle of Barrosa — 
Beresford lays siege to Badajoz — Almeida invested — Welling- 
ton visits the troops in the Alentejo — Returns to Villa Formosa — 
Position of the armies — Battle of Fuentes d'Honor — Massena 
recalled — Ragusa succeeds in command — Brennier escapes with 
the garrison of Almeida — Marmont retires on Salamanca — 
Guards return to the places occupied before the action — First 
division march to Penamacor — Guards ordered back to their 
former stations — Soult marches to relieve Badajoz — Battle 
of Albuera — Blockade of Badajoz — Guards with the corps 
under Spencer cross the Tagus — Encamp at St Oloia — Soult 
returns to Seville — Marmont advances to Salamanca — Hill's 
corps remains in Alentejo — Wellington recrosses the Tag^s — 
Head-quarters at Fuente Guinaldo— Graham succeeds Spencer 
— Blockade of Ciudad Rodrigo — Wellington retreats on the 
advance of Marmont — Allies go into winter-quarters — Cold- 
stream at Lagoisa, Yaldozares, and afterwards at Pinhel — Hill 
surprises the post at Arroyo de Molinos. 

Seven thousand men for the army under Wellington isii. 
arrived in the Tagus on the fourth of March. 



may 

IS to.^^1 



144 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OK 

The following General Order was issued at Cartftxo ; 

" Adjulaut-General'B Office, CarUxo, 4 Harcb, I8H. 
"General Order: 

" I. As the object in assembling the troope 
" station to U'itness a punishment is to deter others froiB] 
" the commission^of the crime for which the criminal is. 
" about to suffer, the Commander of the Forces requests- 
" that upon every occasion on which the troops are a&seio- 
" bled for this purpose, the order may be distinctly read 
" and explained to them, and that every man may 
" understand the reason for which the punishment is 
" be inflicted. 

" 2. As during the two years, during wliieh the bngadaj 
" of Guards have been under the command of the Ci 
" mander of the Forces, not only no soldier has been 
" brought to trial before a general court-martial, but no 
" one has been confined in a public guard, the Com- 
" mander of the Forces desires, that the attendance of this 
" brigade at the execution to-morTOW may be dispensed, 
" with." 

On the night of the fifth tlie French retreated, 
head-quarters removed to Santarem, where the Guardsfl 
were stationed. 

1. General Houghton's brigade crossed the Tagus, The! 
light division, followed by the rest of the army, advanced jj 
on their approach the enemy retired from Thomar, 
concentrated at Pombal. The Allied army came up wital 
them on the evening of the eleventh, too late, howevei 
for a general attack : the day closed with a smart skirmish, 
when, the enemy were so vigorously driven out of the town 
that they had not time to blow up the bridge which had 
been previously mined. Massena retreated in the night; 
but before quitting Pombal he set it on fire. 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 145 

- Ney was found posted with a strong force in front of isii. 
Redinha: the masses deployed, and the British moved in 
three lines across the plain : the enemy's rear-guard, after 
an obstinate resistance, hastily retired on Condeixa. 

On this occasion the loss was nearly equals not exceed- 
ing altogether four hundred men. 

Massena's object was to retard the' advance of the 
Allies, and in this he succeeded, as the positions on 
which his rear was generally posted required a march of 
several hours to turn their flank. 

Greneral Montbrun with a force of cavalry and a few guns 
summoned Coimbra. The place was saved by the firm 
reply and admirable conduct of Trant, although he had only 
two hundred of his Militia with him, having received 
orders from General Barcellar on the eleventh instant to 
withdraw the greater part of his force to cover Oporto. 
The French General, under the impression that a British 
detachment had landed at Fio^iiera to reinforce that offi- 
cer, then gave up all idea of crossing the Mondego. 
, The enemy occupied strong ground at Condeixa, and Mar. i5tli. 
appeared determined to continue stationary ; but this short 
halt was only intended by Massena to give time for his 
baggage to precede him on the Ponte de Marcella road. 
This being ascertained by Lord Wellington, he resolved to 
frustrate the plan, and instantly despatched Picton's di- 
vision, with orders to make a circuit of some miles, and 
turn the enemy's left. About three o'clock Picton was 
discovered by the French rear-guard, and his appearance 
occasioned great confusion among them. The enemy fired 
the town, and their columns fell back on Cazal Nova, at 
which place Ney halted in so formidable a position that it 
was again found necessary to turn his flank : on this being 
done, he fell back on another. In short, the country pre- 
sented a succession of favourable positions adapted to 

VOL. II. K 



uc 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



18)1. check pursuit, by which the French rear-guard was en- 
Msr. H<h. abled to retire in good order on Miranda de Corvo. From 
this place Wellington once more obliged the enemy to 
retreat, which caused them to destroy the greater part of 
their etores, ammunition, and baggage, as they were de- 
Mar, is th. ficient in the means of transport. Next day theAlheswere 
detained several hours by a thick f<^, which cleared about 
nine, when the troops continued the pursuit of the French 
through Miranda de Corvo. This place having been burnt, 
was a heap of smoking ruins. 

Ney was strongly posted in the afternoon of the fifteenth 
with hia right on a wood, and his left resting on the village 
of Fez d'ArouBe. A false attack was made on his right ; 
at the same moment his left was surprised by Picton, and 
an advantageous position being selected for the horse ar- 
tillery, the French were throw into disorder, which was 
increased by the darkness that so soon follows sun-set in 
Portugal. Numbers of the enemy were trampled to death. 
In their confusion they also fired on each other ; and the 
bridge was so crowded from their anxiety to cross the river, 
that no less than two hundred and fifty were drowned. 

At half-past seven o'clock next morning the Coldstreaill^ 
advanced from the low ground to crown the height j 
viously occupied by General Picton's division. 

After halting a day to enable the commissariat to ' 
forward supplies, of which the Allied troops were in great 
want, the hghtdivision forded the Ceira ontlie seventeenth 
of March, and the remainder of the army crossed over a 
bridge constructed during the night. The enemy stationed 
themselves behind the Alva, having destroyed the bridge 
near Pombeira and Marcella. WeUington ordered two 
divisions to ford the river near Pombeira, which movement 
threatened to cut off" the enemy's communication with 
Mm, iBiL. Celerico, and compelled Massena to retire in great haste^ 



THE COLDS1RF.AM GUARDS. 147 

leaving the foragers he had sent ont to their fale: nearly a i8ii. 
thousand of them were taken. And here the French again 
destroyed their baggage and ammuuition. 

About one o'clock p. m. the Guards left the heights aur. i9ih. 
above Pombetra ; the hrst division forded the Alba at 
Sarsedas. 

From the deficiency of supplies Welhngtoa found it im- 
possible to proceed ; he was therefore obliged to wait for 
the arrival of provisions, and in consequence Massena on 
the twenty-first reached Celerico unmolested. 

The army having halted a few days, marched on Cele- 
rico, where the brigatde of Guards arrived on the twenty- 
ointh. 

Massena occupied Guarda, a town built on the top of a 
steep hill, forming part of the Estrella range of mountains: 
the place commanded from its position the whole sur- 
rounding country. Thus situated, be conceived himseir 
secure from any attack. Wellington, nevertheless, de- 
termined to make the attempt. Hie arrangemeuts were so 
skilful, that on the moruing of the twenty-ninth the Allied 
columns were not discerned by the enemy untd tliey had 
nearly gained the summit ; the French, surprised and 
confoonded, retreated without firing a shot, fi-om perhaps 
the strongest ground they could have occupied. 

Massena, however, still felt anxious to make it appear 
that he could maintain himself in Portugal: for this pur- 
pose he took a position along the Cos ; bis right, extending 
to Ruivina, protected the ford of Rapoulha de Coa ; his 
left readied to Sabugal, and a corps was stationed at 
, Alfayates. 

Ttant and Wilson had crossed the Coa near Almeida to 
threaten the enemy's communication with Spain.' The 
right of tlie Allies was opposite Sabugal, the left at the 
bridge of Ferreras. At day-break on the third of April April 3rd. 



148 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1811. the cavalry forded the Coa on the rieht. The light di-' 
Tision passed three miles above Sabugal ; the fifth was to 
cross the bridge ; and the third division forded at a short 
distance above. The biidge of Ferreras was observed by 
the seventh division, and the sixth was stationed opposite 
Ruivina. The morning vtras dark, with thick fog accompanied 
by storms of rain. The action was commenced by a bat- 
talion of the Rifle brigade, who after being chai^ged, got 
possession of an enclosure, which they retained against the 
efforts of the whole of Regnier's corps until the remainder 
of the light division came to their assistance. The contest 
was then carried on with great vigour; but on the approach 
of the fifth division, the French retired on Rendo, leaving 
three hundred dead, and a howitzer on the field, besides 
twelve hundred prisoners. The loss of the Allies did not 
exceed one hundred and seventy killed and wounded.^ 
The pursuit continued to Alfayates, when the French 
entered Spain. Portugal, with the exception of the 
garrison of Almeida, was now entirely freed from their 
troops. 

Thus ended the third French invasion of Portugal 
under Massena, '^ I'enfant g&t^ de la Fortune." Napoleon 
had sent with him to that devoted country the chosen 
veterans of France ; men who had conquered at Marengo, 
at Austerlitz, and Jena. At first the French army imagined 
the lines of Torres Vedras might be easily forced, and 
considered the entire subjugation of Portugal, the plunder 
of Lisbon, and the favourite idea of sending the British 
to their ships, objects of easy accomplishment. Such 
were the " ChSiteaux en Espagne" built by the French 
when this memorable invasion was undertaken ; nor were 



* The French had intended to fire a feu-de-joie for the birth of 
the King of Rome. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 149 

their illusive hopes destroyed until they had approached ^^u. 
those lines. When, however, Massena found himself 
unable to make any impression on them, and that neither 
forage, provisions, nor any other necessary for an army, 
could be obtained, he, with bitter conviction, saw that 
the superior foresight and skill of Wellington had de- 
stroyed all his hopes of aggrandizement, of glory, of the 
crown of Portugal, and of additional trophies for the 
troops of Napoleon ! 

It is impossible for an Englishman and a soldier not to 
exult in the recollection of this glorious campaign. But 
the writer forbears to enlarge on the subject: the facts 
speak for themselves, and the indignant reprimand which 
Massena received from Napoleon through his Minister-at- 
War, alike expressive of the surprise and disappointment 
of that excellent judge of military operations, is the proper 
commentary on the successful defence of Portugal under 
circumstances originally so unpromising. In his address 
to the Portuguese, JM assena had announced that he entered 
their country at the head of one hundred thousand men, and 
asked; with no small appearance of reason, whether the 
feeble army of the British General could reasonably expect 
to oppose the victorious legions of France ? The Marshal 
answered his own question when he was at length com- 
pelled to declare in his justification to his angry master, 
that the principles of military science did not permit him 
to attempt the lines of Torres Vedras. 

It is no reproach to Sir John Moore, who ranked among 
the bravest and most intelligent British generals of his 
time, to say, that what all men but Wellington thought 
impossible, appeared impossible to him. 

The letter of that general to Lord Castlereagh, written at 
no very long period before Sir Arthur Wellesley directed 
the lines of Torres Vedras to be constructed, will prove 



tl 
it 
tl 

€l 
€€ 
it 
4* 



150 ORIGIN AND SERVICBS OF 

1811. how far even Sir John Moore was fiom aupposing it to be 
within the reach of human ability to check an enemy at 
Lisbon^ and to baffle any attempt on that capital. 

'' Salannanca, Norein' 25, 180g. 
** I am not prepared at this moment to answer mi- 
nutely your Lordship's question respecting the defimoe 
of Portugal ; but I can say generally that the (rontier 
of Portugal is not defensible against a superior foioe* 
'^ It is an open frontier — all equally rugged, bat all 
equally to be penetrated. If the French succeed in 
Spain, it will be vain to attempt to resist them in Poita- 
gal. The Portuguese are without military force ; and, 
** from the experience of their conduct under Sir Arthur 
*^ Wellesley, no dependance is to be placed on any 
** aid they can give. The British must, in that event, I 
'^ conceive^ immediately take steps to evacuate the 
country. Lisbon is the port^ and therefore the only 
place from whence the army with its stores can embark. 
'^ Elvas and Almeida are the only fortresses on the fion- 
** tier. The first is, I am told, a respectable work. Al- 
*^ meida is defective, and could not hold out ten days 
against a regular attack. I have ordered a dep6t 
of provisions for a short consumption to be formed there, 
** in case this army should be obliged to fall back; per- 
'^ haps the same should be done at Elvas. In this 
** case we might check the progress of the enemy whilst 
" the stores are embarking and arrangements are made for 
** taking off the army. Beyond this the defence of Lisbon 
•• or Portugal is not to be thought of. 

" I have the honor to be, 8cc. 

" John Moore."* 

' See Appendix to a Narrative of the Campaigo under Sir John 
Moore. By James Moore, Esq. Page 48. 



tl 



II 
II 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 151 

The French generals, to whom erery inch of ground i8ii< 
in the Peninsula was known, held Ae same opinion. 

Napoleon, determined to bring Ae whole of the Penin* 
sola under the sway of France, had formed the plan 6f 
placing his brother Joseph on the throne of Spain, and 
one of his genends, either Junot or Massena, on that of 
Portogal. The soocess which had hitherto attended the 
Frendi arms, the ignorance of military affidn, and the 
want of every requisite for the formation of an army, either 
among the Spaniards or Portt^ese, were soch — the 
imbedlity of their governments, the superstition, it may 
be added, the state of degradation into which the 
population of both countries, had sunk, were so notorious, 
that neither the Emperor of the French, nor any of 
his Marshals, imagined that serious opposition to his 
schemes would be attempted. He boldly proclaimed to 
France and to Europe that he would plant his eagles on 
the towers of Lisbon ! and whai Napoleon uttered a 
prophecy, he had prepared what he deemed ample means 
for its accomplishment. No sooner did he find himself 
unexpectedly opposed in the Peninsula, than he became 
fully aware of the importance of carrying his point; not 
so much from the vanity of disposing of the thrones of two 
such kingdoms, as from the conviction, that if he failed 
in his attempt, the character he had acquired and 
wished to confirm, of invincibility, would be lost; and 
that the efiect on France, his army, and Europe, would 
prove highly injurious to his hitherto admitted supre- 
macy. He therefore poured his legions into Spain; 
determined by force, or, if necessary, by extermination, to 
obtain that which the good-will of the people would not 
grant. 

The amount of the French troops in Spain and Portugal 



162 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



1811. was nearly three hundred thousand men ; ^ and the only 
obstacle to the entire subjugation of the Peninsula 
was the force under Wellington, consisting of forty-eight 
thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven;^ not more thaa- 
one-sixth of the number of the French. 

Napoleon's orders to his commanders were to expel 
the English ; and indeed the execution of these orders, 
after the retreat of Sir John Moore» was considered by 
the French generals by no means difficult. 

Wellington, conscious that his handful of men would 
have to contend against the whole French power in the 
Peninsula, which sooner or later would be brought to bear 
against him ; knowing also the little reliance that could 
be placed either on the Spanish Junta or on the Spa- 
nish generals who commanded their troops, conceived the 
idea of fortifying the passes in front of Lisbon ; and 
with the Tagus on one flank, and the sea on the other, to 
make a stand, and there to decide whether the con* 
quest of the Peninsula by Napoleon, or its liberation by 
himself, should be achieved. This plan was not a concep-^ 
tion of the moment ; it was deliberately adopted after 



' General state of the French army in the Peninsula. From the 
Imperial Muster-RolU, January 15lh, 1811. 



King Joseph Commanding. 



Present under arms. 


Detached. 


Absent. 


Effective, i 


Horses. 


Men. 
295.«27 


Hones. 


Men. 
17,780 


Horses. 
4714 


Hospital. 
48.&31 


Men. 
:)61,838 


Cavalry. 
41489 


Draught. 
15.987 



— From Col. Napier's Appendix, page 667. 

In 1810 the grand total of effective men in Spain amounted to 
369,924 men, 43,574 horses, and 17,145 draught horses. — From 
Col. Napier's Appendix, page 667. 

^ Adjutant-General's Returns, January, 1811. Out of which 
9*298 were in hospital. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 163 

the maiurest calculation of its practicability and attendant isir 
difficulties. 

. Wellington saw that Portugal might be defended by lines 
drawn so as to cover Lisbon, and secure to the protecting 
force supplies from the Tagus on one side and the sea on 
the other.^ The successful result of his measures, and 
the ignorant declamatimis uttered against them in Par* 
liament* are now matter of history. 

At Torres Vedras the French met with a complete 
check; their plan of operations was entirely broken; 
and they were obliged to retreat, discomfited and dis- 
heartened, into Spain, whither they were followed by the 
British, flushed with the anticipation of success, and with 
a confidence in their leader which was the pledge of 
victory. 

The political influence of this retreat can scarcely be ap* 
predated : it proved to Europe that the French were not 
invincible ; it evinced the good effects of a determined op- 

' The following is the suhstance of the Doke of Wellington's 
obserrations on the defence of Lisbon : 

** The Tagus cannot be passed but at a certain point; you 
** have therefore only to rest one flank of the army on that river, 
** and, having a naval superiority, you may defy any attack, and 
*' are perfectly secure on that side. The sea covers the other 
'* flank, the distance of which from the river is not more than 
'* twenty miles. An army therefore of forty or fifty thousand 
** men may resist, in a mountainous and difficult country, any 
** force which an enemy could bring into the field, even without 
'* intrenchments/' As the British army consisted of a great pro- 
portion of militia and Portuguese troops, in whom at one time 
not much confidence could he placed, the Duke thought it a 
necessary security to cause works to be erected ; and, having 
plenty of time, they were prepared accordingly. Had the Allies 
been less ably commanded, those lines would never have been 
constructed, and the troops must have embarked, leaving Portugal 
to its fate. 



164 



ORIGIN AXD SERVICES OF 



iSii. position to the ambitioue projects of Napoleon, and en- 
courted Russia iu withstanding his outr^eoua demand, 
that British commerce should be excluded from her ports. 
The lines of Torres Vedras broke the wand of the enchaa- 
ter, and led to that resistance by the Northern States of 
Europe, which ended in the downfall of French dominion, 
and of a man as remarkable for the great powers of his 
nund as for his inordinate ambition; whose activity 
ahd military talents were commensurate with his anxiety 
to extend his sway over mankind, and with his indif- 
ference to the evib he inflicted on his fellow-creatures in 
pursuing that object. 

Tiie desolation in Portugual occasioned by Massena's 
invading army can scarcely be conceived : not an article of 
subsistence ' was to be found ; every town and village was 
deserted ; the wine that could not be consumed was 
left running in the gutters ; the corn-stacks burnt ; in the 
houses, which from want of means or time were not de- 
stroyed, all the furniture was broken; neither horse, mule, 
cow, nor aas, not even a goat, could be seen. The 
women captured by the French in their marauding excur- 
sions were brought in as to a market and sold for the 
benefit of the captors ; many of these unfortunate females 
were left to perish by famine and disease remote from their 
native villages. Lord Wellington in his dispatch says: 
" The conduct of the French army, throughout this retreat, 
" has been marked by a barbarity seldom equalled, 
" and never surpassed. Even in the towns of Torres 
" Novas, Thomar, and Pernes, in which head-quarters of 
" some of the corps had been for some months, and 
" in which the inhabitants were induced by promises of 
" good treatment to remain, they were plundered and 



^ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



" many of their houses destroyed on the night the 
" enemy withdrew from their position ; and they have 
" since burned every town and village through which they 



After the enemy quitted Portugal, the Allies were sta- 
tioned near the Duas Casas, the out-posts at Gallegos and 
on the Agueda. All communication between the gar- 
rison of Almeida and the French was cut off. 

The brigade of Guards halted on the ninth at Alma- 
dilla, having forded the Coa above Sabugal, and pass- 
ing through Aldea Velha. On the seventeenth the Cold- 
stream moved, for the convenience of qnarters, to 
Puebla. 

Badajoz had surrendered to Soult on the eleventh of 
March, when the garrison laid down their arms; and on 
the twenty-first of February ten thousand infantry and 
six hundred cavalry had been embarked at Cadiz for 
Tarifa, to make a diversion by attacking the enemy's 
rear at Chiclana. The tempestuous state of the weather 
forced them into Algesiras, where they landed and 
marched the following day Jfor Tarifa. There they were 
joined by the Twenty-eighth regiment, the flank compa- 
nies of the Ninth and Eighty-second regiments, amount- 
ing to about four thousand five hundred men, including 
two companies of Portuguese and some German hussars, 
under General Graham. On the twenty- seventh of Fe- 
bruary General La Pena with about seven thousand Spa- 
niards arrived; and next day the troops were re-o(^nized, 
and Graham, taking command of the British, consented 
to act under the Spanish General. The vanguard was 
given to Lardizabel, and the cavalry were commanded by 
Colonel Whittinghara, Marescal del Campo in the service 
of Spsin. 

Id the nights of the third and fourth of March the 




156 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

^8ii' enemy attacked the Spanish force, and were repuked. 
Next day a detachment from St. Roque joined the Allies 
under General Bejines, but retired after some skirmishing. 
La Pena then opened his communication with the Isia 
de Leon, and ordered his troops to crown the heights of 
Bermeja, having directed Graham to support him. The 
General obeyed ; but no sooner had he entered the wood 
than the Spanish commander withdrew, giving orders that 
his cavalry should follow him. La Pena then marched to 
the river Santi Petri, leaving the heights of Barrosa^ 
which were covered with baggage, to be protected by 
only five battalions and four guns. 

During Graham's advance two divisions of the enemy 
were discovered ; one of them made for the heights of Bar- 
rosa, the other marched on his flank. 

The Duke of Belluno had under his command lune 
thousand men belonging to the divisions of Land» 
Ruffin, and Villatte, with fourteen guns : about two thou- 
sand five hundred belonging to the division of the latter 
had orders to watch the Spaniards at the Santi Petri and 
Bermeja. 

The ground was an extensive plain, nearly surrounded 
by a pine forest, and crossed by uneven sandy heights, 
which rose from the shore. The hill of Barrosa was 
about a mile from the mouth of the Santi Petri. 

The French General perceiving Graham's situation, 
and aware of the relative position of the Spanish troops, 
immediately ordered Laval to attack him, whilst he 
attempted to cut off the detachment on the road to Medi- 
na ; for which purpose he ascended the opposite side of 
the hill, where the five battalions, with the guns, baggage, 
&c. had been left by La Pena. The enemy succeeded in 
taking three of the guns; on which the Spanish troops imr 
mediately dispersed. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 157 

Graham, finding it impossible to retreat without giving isii. 
his adversary a decided advantage, at once determined on 
becoming the assailant. 

The British column had been marching, right in front, 
for an hour and a half through the wood, when Major 
Brown told General Graham that the enemy were formed 
on a rising ground which the column had recently 
quitted. The troops in consequence countermarched 
under a heavy fire of artillery, and formed in two 
masses. The right column, led by Brigadier-General 
Dilkes, moved against Ruffin, who had crowned the sum- 
mit of Barrosa : at the same time Colonel Wheatly 
attacked the right of the enemy, and, after a sharp con- 
tested fire, continued to advance. The Eighty-seventh 
regiment, and two companies of the Coldstream Guards 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Jackson» made an intrepid 
charge, which threw the enemy back in great disorder. 
Ruffin's troops on the hill manfully contested the height; 
but, notwithstanding all their efforts, the English drove 
the French from the position, on which they left three 
guns, after a severe loss. 

General Graham was unable to follow up his suc- 
cess, as his men had been under arms for twenty-four 
hours, during which time they received no supply of ra- 
tions. 

The attack on Barrosa, which did not continue more 
than two hours, reflects great credit on the troops en- 
gaged. 

The enemy suffered severely, and lost two Generals, 
Ruffin and Rousseau, the latter being mortally wounded; 
one eagle, six guns, and upwards of two thousand five 
hundred men killed, wounded, and prisoners. The Bri- 
tish loss amounted to eleven hundred and sixty-nine. The 
following is a copy of General Graham's dispatch : 

^' Where all have so distinguished themselves, it is 



158 



OniGIN AND SER\1CES OF 



" scarcely possible to discrituinate any as the most d^erv- 
" iag of praifie. Your Lordship will, however, observe 
" how gloriously the brigade of Guards, under Brigadier- 
" General Dilkes, with the comniandere of battalioos, Co- 
" lonel Honourable C. Oiislow and Lieuteuant- Colonel 
" Sebright, (wounded,) as well as the three eeparated 
" companies under Coloael Jackson, maintained the high 
" character of bis Majesty's household troops." 

The casualtJBB of the detachment of the Coldstream 
Guards engaged were : — one ensign, eight rank and file 
killed ; two ensigns, one sergeant, forty-five rank and 
file wounded. Killed, Ensign Watts ; wounded, Ensigns 
Bentinck and Talbot. 

Marehai Beresford, who was in the AJentejo, receivei,- 
orders early in March to invest Badajoz without d 
that the garrison might not have sufficient time allowij^ 
them to repair the damage done to the fortifications durii 
the last siege. 

Almeida was now closely blockaded ; Massena 
retired on Salamanca, for the purpose of restoring to \ 
troops that confidence, order, and disciphne, which ths] 
had lost in his hasty retreat. Afler this he advance 
having been considerably reinforced, and reached Ciiw 
Rodrigo on the twenty-fifth of April. 

Wellington took advantage of the enemy's absence t 
visit the troops in the Alentejo under Beresford, and^4 
liaving made all the necessary preparations in conjuncbo^ 
With him, returned to his bead-quarters at Villa Form 
oa tie twenty-eighth. 

Massena on the second of May crossed the frontii 
with about forty thousand men and five thousand i 
valry. The British were reduced to about thirty-twdJ 
thousand infentry and twelve hundred cavalry. 

At twelve o'clock the same day the Coldstream received 
orders to march by the left of Almadilla, where they 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 159 

remained till late in the evening. During the night the loii. 
brigade of Guards moved to Nava d'Aver, and on the third May 3rd. 
the army was placed in position. 

Tlie river Coa runs in a northeriy direction ; its banks 
are very steep, and render the passage very difficult for an 
amy, except at some few places, which'are at the bridges 
of Almeida and Castello Bom, about seven miles above 
and at the ford of St. Roque, near Freynada. Ahneida is 
situated on the right of the Coa; consequently Wei* 
lington had no option but to engage with the river in his 



The British commander, on changing his position, found 
it neceasaiy to extend it to the right, as in case of 
disaster the bridge of Sabugal was the only place where 
the aimy could cross the Coa ; the right wing was there- 
fiire extended to Nava d'Aver, which was occupied by 
Jnliaii Sanchez, and supported by the seventh division. 
WeUiogton took up his ground behind the river of Duas 
Casas: the first, third, and seventh divisions were strongly 
ported in rear of Fuentes d'Hcmor ; the sixth and light di- 
visions watched the bridge of Almeida across the Duas 
Casaa: and the fifth division the fords across that river 
at Fort Conception and Aldea d'Obispo* Trant*s and 
Wilson's militia had been in observation on Almeida, and 
were rriieved by Pack's brigade on the sixteenth of ApriL 
The investment of Almeida was placed under the direction 
of General Alexander Campbell. 

The enemy formed, on the third, behind the Duas Casas: 
their left overiooked the village of Fuentes ; their right 
extended about two miles, running neariy in a parallel 
direction to the position of the Allies. The same afternoon 
the French resolutely attacked the village of Fuentes, 
where a most gallant resistance was made; fresh troops 
were constantly supphed by both parties: the ccmtest 



160 (IKIUIN AND SERVICES OF 

continued till night, vAicn the assailants were finally 

driven back across the Duas Casas. 

The French Marshal was occupied on the fouilh in re- 
connoitring the position. During the night the Duke 
d'Abrantes* corps with the cavalry from Almeida moved 
to tile left. About six o'clock next morning Massena 
carried the village of Por5o Velho: the light division and 
cavalry were sent to support General Houston ; at the same 
time the first and third divisions moved to their right. The 
Guards were thrown back en potence. The enemy 'a ca\-alry, 
supported by the infantiy and artillery, drove in part of the 
seventh division. Don J ulian Sanchez left Nava d' Aver with 
liis men, and placed himself immediately iu front of the 
Guards : here his lieutenant was unfortunately shot by a 
soldier of the Coldstream, who mistook him for a French- 
man. Some advantageous ground on which the English 
cavalry were stationed being abandoned, was instantly 
seized by the French. The liglit division then advanced 
to support the cavalry, but, finding the height occupied, 
formed into squares, and retired in good order, repelling 
all the e&brts of the hostile cavalry to force them ; the 
Chasseurs Britanniques under Lieutenant- Colonel Eustace, 
also distinguished themselves by the steady manner in 
which they repulsed the enemy's dragoons. The Allies 
were concentrated towards the left, on the seventh, the 
light divisions and cavalry moving on Fuentes d'Honor. 
The two remaining divisions followed in succession. Wel- 
lington now found himself obliged to abandon his com- 
munication across the Coa by the bridge of Sahugal. The 
position extended along the height from Turon to the Duas 
Casas. The first division was on the right, in two Unes ; 
Colonel Ashworth's brigade in the centre ; and the third 
division, also in two bnes, on the left. The village of Fu- 
entes d'Honor, in their front, was occupied by the light 




THE COLDSTREAM UIJARDS. 



161 



troops. The light division and cavalry were in reserve. 
The infantry of Don Julian joined the seventh division in 
Freynada, Tlie French cavalry advanced in mass under a 
heavy cannonade to within a short distance of the line 
where the Guards were formed, when the brigade of nine- 
pounders under Captain Lawson opened, and obliged the 
enemy to halt. After a kw rounds of grape, they went 
about in great confusion. The piquets of the first division, 
under Lieu ten ant-Col ouel Hill of the Third Guards, suc- 
ceeded in repulsing a chaise of the enemy's cavalry ; but 
in making their way to the cover of the army they were 
again attacked and broken before any force could be sent 
to their assistance. Lieatenant-C'olonel Hill was taken 
prisoner, others were wounded, and the party was over- 
powered. The French throughout the day were unremit- 
ting in their attacks on Fuentes d'Honor, where several 
regiments and officers greatly distinguished themselves. 
On one occasion the Seventy-first, Seventy- ninth, and 
Eighty-eighth regiments, belonging to Colonel Henry Mac 
Kinnon's brigade, were ordered up. Led by that officer, 
they gallantly chained a heavy mass of infantry that had 
gained the chapel eminence, and drove the French through 
the village with great slaughter. The contest lasted till 
night, when the fire gradually slackened; the upper part 
of the village was retained by the British, and the enemy 
made no further attempt.' The casualties in the Coldstream 
were, four rank and file killed ; Captain Harvey, two sei^ 



' The Ninely-secoud regiment arrived on ilje position h( Fuentes 
d'Honor mucli distressed from want of provisions; which 
Blanc« beiog made koown lo the brigade of Guards, they vo- 
lunteered giving up a ration of biscuit, then in their haveriacks, 
which was received by the gallant Highlanders with three hearty 





162 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

jeants, and forty-nine rank and file wounded ; ' 

Stotbert and seven rank and 6ie taken.' 

Massena was recalled to France, and the Duke 
gnsa, who had been appointed to the command of tlie 
army of Portugal in his stead, arrived from Paris on the 
seventh oF May. On the same day the French retreated. 

A loud explosion was heard at twelve o'clock on the 
night of the eleventh, General Brennier the Commandant 
of Almeida having sprung a mine in order to facilitate hia 
escape with the garrison, consisting of about fifteen hun- 
dred men. This he accomplished by a sudden and well- 
conducted movement. General Pack, who commanded 
the investing piquets, hastily collected some troops and 
followed, keeping up a constant 6re on the rear of the 
French, which was not returned; neither did they slacken 
their pace, but marched across the country, protected by 
the darkness of the night, and descended the valley of 
Barba del Puerco. They lost many men, but their main 
body succeeded ill reaching the bridge on the Coa, where 
they found the second French corps drawn up in order of 
battle to cover them." 
I. Having assumed the command, Marmont retired towards 
Salamanca, in the neighbourhood of which town his army 
was placed in cantonments. 

On the eleventh the Guards returned to the places 
they had occupied previous to the action. The fifth, sixth, 
and light divisions were left on the Agueda and Coa. The 
first division moved from their cantonments and marched 
in the evening of the twenty-fSfth through Soita to Pena- 

' The loss of the Allies amounted lo nboul firteeo bundred ; 
three bundred of whom nerc made prisoners. The enemy's loss 
grently exceeded that of their opponents. 

* The French lost three hundred men, killed, wounded, and 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 163 

tnacoFy whence the Guards were ordered to go back to 1811. 
their former stations, part of the division only being re- 
qoired in the south. The Guards returned through May frth. 
Sabugal, and arrived at Almadilla and Puebla. Biay 29th. 

Beresford had on the eighth of May completely invested 
Badajoz. 

Marshal Soult left Seville with the intention of succour- 
ing the town ; on his march he was reinforced with fresh 
troops. 

Beresford in consequence raised the siege and advanced 
to meet him, when it was agreed with Blake, who com- 
manded the Spaniards in this direction, that the Allied 
army should take up a position at the village of Albuera, 
and Beresford, though junior, was allowed to take the 
command-in-chief pro tempore. They occupied the po- May i5tb. 
sition with nearly thirty thousand infantry, of which seven 
thousand only were British, two thousand cavalry, and 
thirty-eight pieces of artillery. 

Soult's force consisted of twenty thousand infantry, 
three thousand cavalry, and forty guns. The Allies re- 
mained masters of the field. As the Guards took no part 
at Albuera, a description of that battle is not here inserted. 
It may, however, be remarked, that Lord Beresford's 
conduct throughout the day proved him to merit that 
character and consideration in the army, which he has 
always maintained. 

The intrepidity of the British infantry, on whom the 
brunt of the battie fell, was conspicuously displayed in this 
action. Fifteen hundred men only remained out of seven 
thousand. The loss of the French was also very con- 
siderable. 

Wellington learnt, by an intercepted letter, on the tenth Jane, 
of June, that Marmont intended to unite with Soult in the 
Alentejo. The siege of Badajoz, which had been renewed 



1«4 



urUUlN AND SERVICES OK 




afler the battle of Albuera, was id consequence of this q 
formation converted into a blockade. 

The Coldstream left Puebla on the fifth for AlmadillaH 
next day the brigade of Guards marched from that place 
with the corps under Spencer, and moved from the north 
in a parallel direction with Marmont, passing Sabugal and 
Castello Branco. They then crossed the Tagus and pro- 
ceeded to Portalegre, where the Coldstream halted three 
days. On the twenty -third of June they encamped near 
St. Oloia, when, to protect them from the great heat, the 
troops were hutted. A draft joined the regiment from 
Cadiz on the twenty-fifth, consisting of Captain the 
Honourable John Walpole, Ensign Greville, three serjeanta, 
and ninety-eight rank and file; soon after the first division 
was reviewed by Lord Wellington, accompanied by the 
Prince of Orange. 

Soult returned to Seville, and Marmont advanced to 
Salamanca, l)eing unable to provide supplies for their 
army when together. 

Hill's corps remained in the Alentejo. The brigade of 
Guards left St. Oloia, reached Portalegre the twenty- 
tliird, and on the thirty-first received orders to return to 
the north. Lord Welhngton recrossed the Tagus with 
the rest of the army, and fixed his head-quarters at 
Fuente Guinaldo. 

On the sixth of September, General Graham succeeded 
Sir Brent Spencer in the command of the first division. 

Lord Welhngton blockaded Ciudad Rodrigo : on the 
approach of Marmont he retired, and occupied a defensive 
position. The British general was not prepared to besiege 
the place ; his object being to obhge the enemy to with- 
draw from Galicia and Navarre, and thus give relief to 
those oppressed provinces. 

General Picton was in advance on the height of El 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 165 

Bodon, between Fuente Guinaldo and Pastores. The isii. 
light division was near Martiago. The left wing, in which 
were the Guards, was in the lower Azava. Sir Stapleton 
Cotton with the cavalry was in the centre. 

Marmont joined his forces virith General Dorsenne on the 
twenty-second of September, and relieved Ciudad Ro- 
drigo : he entered the place with a large convoy on the 
twenty-fourth. The French advanced two days after in 
great force, and obliged the Allies to retreat. Next day 
the village of Aldea de Ponte was attacked by the enemy, 
and gallantly contested by the fourth division. After dark 
the British again retreated, and took up a strong position 
behind the Soito. Here Wellington offered the enemy 
battle, but Marmont fell back on Ciudad Rodrigo; and 
Dorsenne returned to the north. The Allied army then 
went into cantonments. The brigade of Guards was sta- October, 
tioned in front of Celerico ; the Coldstream at Lagoisa, 
Valdozares, and afterwards at Pinhel. The head-quarters 
were at Freynada. 

General Hill left Portalegre on the twenty-second of Octo- 
ber, and after three days reached Malpartida. The next 
evening he made a forced march to Acuesa, and silently 
waited till morning, when he surprised a post under General 
Girard at Arroyo de Molinos, which was carried at the 
point of the bayonet. Many men were killed, and fifteen 
hundred taken, besides General Bnin and the Duke 
d'Aremberg, with all their artillery, stores, and baggage. 

This was a brilliant exploit, and in itself of suflScient 
moment to establish a claim to military eminence. The 
reputation of Hill, however, does not rest on a solitary act 
of courage or skilful generalship : his name will descend 
to posterity interwoven with the triumphs of Wellington. 



166 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



RETURN OF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST BATTALION OF THE COLDSTREAM 

FOR THE YEAR 1811. 



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tt 



tt 



Officers present 
in the Peninsula. 



} 



} 



From 



Adj». 



Q-M'. 

Surgo. 

Assn 

Sur.J 



Joseph Fuller 
Hon. H. Brand 
James Philips 
Sir G.Stirling, 

Bart. 

George Smyth 
Thomas Braddyl 
EJ>alling,(Maj.) 
L. F. Adams, 

(Major) 
George Collier 
SirH.Salliyan, 

Bart. 

W.H.Raikes 
H.W.Vachell 
Thomas Barrow 
Hon. W. Geo. 

Crofton 
D. Mac Kinnon 
Hon. J. Walpole 
Thomas Steele 
Edward Harvey 
George Bowles 
Thomas Sowerby 
James V.Harvey 
W. L. Walton 
W. Lock wood 
Hon.J.Wingfield 
PauletSt.Johnl 

Mildmay j 

A. Wedderbum 
Charles White 
Thomas Bligh 
Charles Shawe 
G.H.M.Greville 
John Talbot 
G. H. Percivnl 
William Stothert 
W. G. Baynes 
John S. Cowell 
W. N. Burgess 
John Mills 
James Bradshaw 
F. L. Beckford 
Fred. Vachell 
J. Freemantle 

(Capt.) 
John Holmes 
Charles Coombe 



March 
1 Jan. 



To 



31 Dec. 

April 

31 Dec. 



t» 

Oct. 

1 Jan. 



tt 



tt 



it 



tt 



tt 



• > 



Feb. 

1 Jan. 
35 June 

Feb. 
March 

Oct. 

Nov. 
1 Jan. 



>» 



tt 



>» 



»* 



3 July 
3 Dec. 
31 July 

31 Dec. 

3 Dec. 

Nov. 

31 Dec. 

Sept. 

131 Dec. 

tt 

15 Aug. 
31 Dec. 

tt 

•> 

tt 

30 Mar. 
23 April 
Vi May 

4 May 

130 Nov. 

Dec. 

31 Dec. 



Lt.-G 
Col. 



tt 



tt 



Officers absent. 



John Calcraft, 
1st Major 

Richard Hulse 



} 



tt 



} 



Thomas Rose 
Edward Nixon 



25 June 

Oct. 

1 Jan. 



Feb. 

Jan. 

Marcli 

Oct. 

»» 

1 Jan. 

tt 
tt 



March 



tt 



>» 



tt 



5 May 
31 Dec. 



»» 



»» 



tt 



M.-G. 

Col. 

Lt.Cl 
tt 



tt 



tt 



Capt. 



>> 



H. Mac Kinnon 
W. M. Peacocke 
W.P.Acland 

M. Lord Aylmer 

Hon. H. Brand 
George Smyth 

R. D. Jackson 

Thos. Braddyl 

K. F. Bouverie 
Edward Dalling 
George Collier 

H. F. Cooke 



Cause of absence. From To 



»> 



»f 



tt 



Sir H. Sulli- 
van, Bart. 

U. W. Vachell 



} 



KUB. 

Capt. 



»f 



I^ave 

r Commanding 
I Brigade 
Do. 



{ 



} 



( 



iJan. 31 Dec. 



t» 



Kus. 



D. Mac Kinnon 

Henry Dawkins 

1. V. Harvey 

W. L. Walton 

W. Lock wood 

Ilon.J.W^ingfleld 
P. St. J. Mild 
may 
A. Wedderbum 

W. Stothert 



} 



Sick leave 
r Commandant 
I «t Lisbon 
r On the Staff at 
I home. 
Ass^Adjt.GenW'i 
Portugal. I 
Sick leave to r 
England J 
Posted to 2d BattB. 
r I^ave to Eng- 1 
I land on resig- > 
L nation. J 

r Ass*. Our. M'. 1 
I Geni. Portugal J 
r Leave to Eng-*! 
< land on resig- > 
t nation J 

r Acting Mill, i 
1 Secy. Portugal j 

Died 3l8t July 
/Promoted in Sdi 
I Battn. J 

f Deputy Ass<. "| 
I Adjt. Geni. | 
^ Portugal 
I Leave to Eng 
[ land 

Sick leave to Lisbon 

i Promoted in Sd 
\ Battn. 
rA.D.C.toHon. 

E. Stopford 

Sick leave to 
^ England 
^ Brigade Major > 
\ Portugal S 

\ Promoted in 3d > 
\ Batto. 5 

Ditto. 
i Leave to Eng- > 
I land. Resigned \ 

Died 4th May 
$ Promoted in 2d > 
I Batt". S 

Ditto 

r»ken prisoner 1 

Fueutes > 

Honor J 



tt 



SJoIy 
4 July Dec. 

1 Jan. 31 Dec 



} 
} '. 



•» 



-I 



f Tak 
I d'l 



9t 



tt 



31 Dec. 



31 Dec. 



tt 



tt 



15 Aug. 
31 Dec. 

31 Dec. 

tt 
tt 



:) May 



tt 



•• 



tt 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



STRENGTH OF THE FIRST BATTALION OF THE COLD- 
STREAM AT FINHEL, «5th Dee«mlMr. 1811. 



13 


i 

i 

11 


i 

13 


i 

i 

1 


1 

s 


i 

5 


* 


Slalf emplov uid 
olherwise ablsnl 






I 


1 


1, 


n 








H 


1 


i 


4 


6 


3 


One 

Sub 




« 


m 


114 


SI 


1066 





OfficanpnMDt. 




Officer* >b*ea 


CioM of Amoo). 


Col. 


1. J. FoUer 


M.-Gen. 


ILHoUe 


i. Staff. Portugal 


Lt--Col. 


I. J. Philip. 




H. U*c Kinnon 
W.M.Pemcoekn 


t. Ditu> ^^ 
S. Ditto 


■■ 


i. Sir G. Stirling 


Col. 


M. Lord Ajlmor 


r4.Aw'.Adj«..G«l. 
I ditto 

r5.A..'.Q..M,rter. 
I Gen. ditto 


Cpt. 


l.L.F.Adim.,1 
(M-jor) i 


Lt.-Col. 


R. D. J«:luon 


" 


5.Hon.J.W»l-| 


.. 


4. A. Woodford 


rOa the nurth from 

1 Lisbon to join 




r.T.St«lo 


., 


H. F. BoQTerie 


re. Taken on from 
\ td battalion 


•■ 


9.E.HWTBT 

9. G. Bowlu 


Cept. 


F. Sutton 
E. Lwcelle* 


r I. Tak™ on from 

1 id battalion 

I. With td battaUon 


,. 






3. W. H. Raikei 


fSick at Val do* 
1 Arre. 
In England 


£n»gn 


1. C. White 




0. Mae Kiimon 


. " 


1 C. Shtwe 
». G. H. M. 1 
Grerille I 
5. J. Tiibot 




H. Dawkine 
li.A.Wedder.5 


r». Brigwle-Major. 
1 Portngal 
rOndnljatLiabon: 
i belonnng to id 
L battalion 




S. G. H. Percinl 




4. T.Barrow 


fOnlhero^itojoin 
1 from lick, abaent 


" 


S. J. S. ConU 
S.W.N.BnrgtM 


" 


S.SirH.Solli™n 
5. Hon. W.G.I 


r Leare for 6 week* 

{ toLiabon 

f Lea»e for 6 weaka 




10.J.IUilU 




Crofton } 


I to Lisbon 


„ 


Il.J.Bnrfdiiir 


£n*ign 


2. T. Bligh 


fOn the road to join 
1 from lick, absent 


„ 


«.FX.B«!kford 




7. W. G. B*Ti>e> 


UndntratCoimbia 


Adjutut 


I. Frwnnuille, 1 
(Cpt.) ) 


„ 


13. F. Vachall 


r Leare for 1 month 
I to Lisbon 






J. L. Dlickmau 


1. With !d. bat. 


Q.-MMtr. 


I. Holme* 




W.Stothert 


J. PriK>nBrofwar 


A*>>.SDrg 


r. Roie 


Surgeon 


C. Coombe 


rSick at Tal do* 
I Ayres 




E. NiioB 


Cept. 


P.St.J.Mildmay 


To Join ad battalion 
rTo En|land on 
I promotion 
cTo England oa 
t resignation. 






Lt.-Col. 


G. Collier 






.. 


r. BraddTll 



M.-G.SIKIA.-G. 



OIUtilN AND SEllVICES Of 



CHAPTER X. 



Siege and capture of Ciiidml Rodrigo — Artny narcbes Tor tlie. 
south — Siege of Badajo* — Town carried by assault — Hill left in 
the soiitli — Welliu)rton mores for the north — Marmout retires 
from Castello Branco — Head-quarters at Fiiente Guiualdo — 
Troops cantoned between the AgucdaandCoa — Hill c 
bridge of Aim are z — Wellitiglou fords the Tormes — MarmonI 
advance! — Allies iu position on the heights of St. Christoral — 
Capture of the forts in Salamanca — French retreat am 
trate behind the Duiiro — Marmont reinforced attempts 
Wellington's communication with Salamanca and Ciudad Rd- 
drigo — Battle of Salamanca — Marmont wounded — Command de- 
volves on Clauael — French retreat on Valladolid — Wellinglon 
moves by Cuellar, through Segovia, to Madrid — TLe Isla oppo- 
site Cadiz abandoned by the French — First division leaves Ma- 
drid for the Eseurial ^ King Joseph joins Suchet — Sontt in 
Granada — Wellington enters VoUadolid ^ Siege of Burgos — 
Siege raised — Reinforcements arrive under Dalbousie — AlIlM 
retreat — Head-quarters aiFreynada^HiU relnrns to Estratna^ 
dura — Troops go into caiilonmenis for the w in ler— Coldstream ai 
Musquetello. 



I 




Marmont having detached four divisions of his army,'! 
besides the one under General Dubreton, stationed in the I 
province of Las Montanas, Wellington determined at oncfl'l 
to lay siege to Ciudad Rodrlgo. 

On the sixth, head-quarters were transferred to Galle- I 
gos; but from a fall of snow and the inclemency of the I 
weather, the army did not move till the eighth, vfhen ] 
General Crauford's division crossed the Agueda, and in- \ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 169 

vested the town. After dark lieutenant-Colonel Colbome tetf . 
with a detachment of the light division stormed and car- 
ried an advanced redoubt on the great Teson. Sir Thomas 
Graham was intrusted with the direction of the siege. 
From the eighth instant the Coldstream was quartered at 
Espeja. The brigade of Guards formed the working 
party in the trenches on the ninth, on which night the first 
parallel was established and the several batteries marked 
out. The Guards were also in the trenches on the thir- 
teenth, whai a fortified convent, situated on the right of 
the redoubt before taken, was carried by the light in&ntry 
companies, supported by Lord Blantyre's brigade. 

The garrison made a sortie on the fourteenth, and were 
repulsed without effecting any injury except filling in a 
part of the sap. In the evening the batteries opened, and 
the convent of St. Francisco, which flanked the approaches 
on the left, was escaladed and carried by the Fortieth 
regiment. 

On the seventeenth the Guards again took their turn in 
the trenches. 

The second parallel was completed; but Wellington 
determined to order an assault the moment the breaches 
were deemed practicable, without waiting for the opening 
of the sap to blow in the counterscarp ; and as every ex- 
ertion was made, two breaches were completed on the 
nineteenth. General Picton's division was directed to 
storm the greater breach, and General Crauford's the 
smaller. After dark the columns moved forward, and in 
less than an hour the British were formed on the ram- 
parts. 

General Crauford was mortally wounded whilst leading 
his division up the glacis. General MacKinnon was 
killed, with many others, by the unfortunate explosion of 
an expense magazine after a shower of grape and mus- 



# 



170 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

ketry, and juet as the troops had pushed on and c 
the breach. 



The Allies lost during the i 



i and in the stonniii^ 



about one thousand three hundred men, Seventy-eigfat 
officers and seventeen hundred men of the French were 
made prisoners, besides a heavy loss in killed 
wounded. 

The capture of a complete battering train, with mi 
zines filled with shot, shells, muskets, cartridges, 
other ammunition, was the result of this success. 

Afl soon as Ciudad Rodrigo was again placed iu a state 
of defence and supplied with stores and provisions, Wel- 
lington planned his arrangements for the reduction of 
. Badajoz. The army in consequence was put in movement 
for the south : iu February no British troops remained 
the Agueda or at any point north of the Tagus. Trent 
cupied the line of the Coa and its vicinity ; his orders wi 
to watch Marmont on the frontier, and also to cover 
magazines at Celerico. 

The first division left their quarters and passed through 
Sabugal to Caatello Branco. The Coldstream, after halt- 
ing one day, continued their route by Abrantes to Elvas. 
At the latter place the division encamped close to the town, 
when tents were furnished the men for the first time. On 
the sixteenth they broke up, and the brigade of Guards 
crossed the Guadiana over a pontoon bridge below the 
town of Badajoz, which was thus invested by the third, 
fourth, and light divisions, under Beresford. General' 
Graham advanced with the first, sixth, and seventh di* 
visions, and two brigades of cavalry, towards Llerena; 
whilst General Hill's corps moved from their canton- 
ments near Albuquerque to Merida : the enemy on their 
approach retired to Cordova. 

The siege of Badajoz was prosecuted without intermis- 



were 

4 

stated' 

Tel- 
1 of 



4 



I 
THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS, 171 

sion, although torrents of rain had swept away the pon- i^^^- 
toon bridge; and from the rapidity of the current, the Mar.sist. 
flying-bridges could only be worked with great difficulty. 
These obstacles occasioned supplies of all descriptions to 
be kept back ; and the trenches on the low ground were 
filled with water. 

Soult advanced with a large force to the relief of the 
town. Graham and Hill then retired on Albuera. 

The second parallel was formed; enfilading and breach- April, 
ing batteries had been erected ; and on the sixth of April, 
after the firing had been kept up seven days, three 
breaches were deemed practicable. At ten o'clock p. m. 
simultaneous attacks were made; the first that succeeded 
was that of Picton's division, led by General Kemp. 
General Walker, with his brigade, also entered by esca- 
lade on the Olivenga road. General Philippon, the com- 
mandant, escaped to St. Christoval, a fort on the opposite 
side of the Guadiana, which shortly after surrendered* 
The number of prisoners taken in Badajoz amounted to 
nearly four thousand: the loss of the Allies from the 
commencement of the siege was about five thousand 
men. 

Wellington left Hill's corps on the south of the Tagus, 
and put his army in motion for the north. 

During the siege of Badajoz, Marmont had advanced as 
far as Castello Branco; but, informed of Wellington's 
movement, he retreated towards Ciudad Rodrigo, and 
having raised the blockade of that place, retired oq 
Salamanca. 

Head-quarters were again established at Fuente Gui^ May. 
naldo, and the troops cantoned between the Agueda and 
Coa. 

Previous to entering Spain, Lord Wellington had or- May i2tlu 
dered General Hill to move by Zaraceijo, for the purpose 



m 



ORIGIN AND SKRVICES OF 



iBi*. of destroying the bridge of boats across the Tagus, ' 
Almarez, which, if effected, would render the commtiDi) 
tion between the enemy's armies on the north and soui 
of the Tagus more difficult. All the permanent bridges 
had been destroyed during the war by one or other of the 
belligerent powers. The bridge at Almarez was covered 
at each extremity by strong works, besides being pro- 
tected on the south by the castle and redoubts of Miravete. 
From the difficulty of approach, it was not till day-bi 

■hy I'Jtli. on the nineteenth of May that an attack could be 

The right column then moved to the assault of Fort Nai 
poleon, on the left bank of the river. The British rushed 
on with tixed bayonets, and drove the enemy over the 
bridge; so great was the panic, that the troops in Fort 
Ragusa, ou the right bank, abandoned their works, and 
fled in disorder. Eighteen guns, and two hundred and 
fifty men, were taken. The British loss was under two 
hundred. Hill afterwards returned to Almandrelejo. 

line I7tb. The army left their cantonments on the Agueda, and 
forded the Tormes above and below Salamanca. Two 
forts, constructed by the enemy, could only be reduced by 
a regular attack: the sixth division, nnder Major-General 
Clinton, was therefore selected for this duty; and the 
rest of the army was kept in readiness to check the enemy, 
who were anxious to hold a communication with the forts. 
An attempt to carry the principal fort, St. Vincente, 
failed. Major-General Bowes, and one hundred and 
twenty men, were killed. 

Marmont made a forward movement on the twentii 
and found the Allies posted on the height of St. Chris- 
tova! ; their right resting on the Tormes near Carbrerizos, 
their left near Villares de la Reyna : a skirmish took place 
with the cavalry. During the night of the twenty-first 
the enemy established themselves on the right flank of the 



vete. ^^ 
>ra^H 






^k with 1 

^H the en 



^ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 173 

position; from which they were afterwards dislodged by i8i2. 
the seventh division. On the night of the twenty-third 
Mannont crossed the Tonnes in great force; but finding 
that the first, sixth, and seventh divisions, under Graham, 
had also forded the river with some cavalry and artillery, 
he returned and re-occupied his former ground. 

A few days after, the largest of the forts, which had Junetrth. 
been battered with red-hot shot, was seen to be on fire. 

The men were formed ready for an assault, when a pro-' 
position was made to capitulate in three hours; in reply 
to which Wellington gave them five minutes to march 
out, promising them their baggage. The garrison not 
taking advantage of the ofier, the storming party ad-« 
vanced, under Lieutenant-Colonel Davies of the Thirty- 
sixth regiment : the small fort was carried, and the attack 
on St. Vincente had commenced, when the commandant 
accepted the proposed terms. About seven hundred men 
were made prisoners, the works blown up, and the cap- 
tured guns, with the stores, given to the Spaniards. The 
Allies lost four hundred and fifty men killed and wounded. 

After the capture of these forts Mannont retreated be- July. 
hind the Douro, where he concentrated his forces, his 
centre resting on Tordesillas. 

WelUngton established his head-quarters at Rueda, and 
his Une extended from La Seca to Polios. 

The French had been reinforced on the seventh by 
General Bonnet, with eight thousand men; and their pre- 
sent position being most advantageous, Marmont resolved 
on becoming the assailant. On the sixteenth large 
bodies crossed the river at Toro: the same evening the 
British troops moved to Fuente la Pena and Camizal, on 
the Guarena. The next day it was ascertained that the 
enemy had recrossed the Douro, and were again con- 
centrated at Tordesillas, at which place their army 



174 



ORIGIN ANU SERVICES OF 




crossed the river, and assembled at Nave del Rey atfl 
Castrejon. 

Marmont had now opened his communication with thd' 
army of the centre, which was on its march from Madrid 
to support him: his present object was to prevent the 
Allies from having any intercourse with Salamanca and 
Ciudad Rodrigo. 

On the twenty-first the Allies concentrated on the 
Tornies, having repulsed the enemy on the eighteenth, 
who had attempted to turn their left and gain the valley of 
Carnizal. 

Between Huerta and Alba de Tormes the French 
crossed the river, pressing forward their left to gain the 
Ciudad Rodrigo road. Welhngton also crossed by the 
bridge at Salamanca, and before day-light next morning 
both armies were in position ; the right of the Allies ex- 
tending nearly to the steep heights called the Sister 
Arapiles ; their left resting on the Tormes. The enemy's 
front was covered by a wood. 

At day-break on the twenty-second much skirmishing 
took place. A French column advanced about eight 
o'clock, and seized the farthest and most extensive height. 
The British troops immediately took possession of the 
Other. Some changes were then made in the arrange- 
ments of the Allied army, and a succession of man<£uvre3 
on the part of the enemy showed that it was Marmont's 
intention to turn the right of the Allies. Probably 
against a less skilful general than Wellington he might 
have succeeded. But in making this attempt, which was 
covered by a constant skirmish and cannonade along the- 
whole front, he pushed his left too far, and weakened h 
centre; the moment was seized by Welhngton, who i 
Btantly determined to attack. At this time the first an^l 
light diviaions formed the left, the fourth and fifth i 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 175 

drawn up in two lines behind the village of Arapiles; the ^^^J;. 
sixth and seventh, and the Spaniards under Don Carlos 
de Espafia, were in column for their support. On the 
right was the division of Major-General Pakenham, with 
the greater part of the cavalry. The village of Arapiles, 
which the enemy made repeated efforts to carry, was 
situated between the two armies, and was occupied by the 
light companies of the Guards under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Woodford of the Coldstream. Pakenham advanced to 
the attack with the third division in columns of battalions, 
when they wheeled to the left, supported by General 
D'Urban's brigade of Portuguese cavalry: on reaching 
the height General Pakenham deployed, his right out- 
flanking the enemy's left. He then advanced, and car- 
ried every thing at the point of the bayonet. The cavalry 
made a successful charge in front; during which General 
Le Marchant was killed. General Pack, with the Portu- 
guese brigade, failed more than once to carry the Arapiles; 
the enemy, after repulsing them, advanced from the 
height, and suddenly attacked the left of the fourth divi- 
sion; the disorder this occasioned was checked by the 
advance of part of the fifth. The third and fourth divi- 
sions then moved forward, and crowned the height. The 
last stand was made by the enemy on their right, who 
attempted to rally, their troops having retired in good 
order from the Arapiles. Clinton's division was ordered 
to attack in front, supported by the third and fifth divi- 
sions; the fourth making at the same time a flank move- 
ment on the left. Clinton, in this advance, suffered 
severely from the fire of the artillery and musketry ; but 
he steadily persevered till within a short distance of the 
enemy, on whom his troops rushed with the bayonet, 
when the fourth division appearing, the French quitted 
their position in great disorder. The first and light divi- 



181?. sions followed 
' from fatigue, 



178 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

ill pursuit from sun-set till the troops halted 
The French crossed the Tormes the same 
night at Alba, Their loss must have been very great; 
besides killed and wounded, seven thousand were made 
prisoners. Lord Wellington, in his dispatch, states that 
eleven guns were left in possession of the Allies: several 
others were afterwards found, making a total of not less 
than twenty. The loss on the part of the Allies was five 
thousand two hundred. In the Coldstream the casualties 
were principally from the light company. Ensign Ho- 
tham was wounded; one serjeant, two corporals, and four 
privates were killed; three Serjeants, one corporal, one 
drummer, and seventeen privates were wounded; eight 
men also were missing. 

The following is an extract from Lord Wellingtoo' 
dispatch : — 

" 1 must also mention Lieulenant-Colonel Woodford, 
" commanding the hght battalion of the brigade of 
" Guards, who, supported by two companies of the Fusi- 
" liers, under the command of Captain Crowder, main- 
" tained the village of Arapiles against all the efforts of 
" the enemy." 

At this time the colossal power of Napoleon liad 
brought half the population of Christendom under his 
sway. He now resolved to undertake an expedition into 
Russia. The French army marched in ten corps, under 
BavQust, Oudinot, Ney, Kugeue Beauharnais, Ponia- 
towski, Gouvion St. Cyr, Regnier, Junot, Victor, and 
Macdonald. The body guard was under Le Fevre, and 
the young guard under Mortier. The reserve of the ca- 
valry, commanded by the King of Naples, was in four 
bodies, under Nansouty, Montbrun, Grouchy, and Latour 
Maubourg. The cavalry of the Guard, as well as the 
Austrian force, acted separately. This army is said to 





OF THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 177 

have exceeded four hundred and seventy-five thousand isis. 
men^ besides one hundred thousand auxiliaries. It 
perished miserably among the snows of Russia. 

The Duke of Ragusa having been wounded, the com- 
n^and devolved on General Clause!, who retreated to Val- 
ladolid, followed by the British, which town the latter 
entered on the thirteenth ; but as the French General 
continued his retreat to Burgos, Wellington determined 
to march against the army of the centre, and for this pur- 
pose repassed the Douro. After remaining some days at 
Cuellar, he moved by Segovia to Madrid, leaving some Aug. 7th. 
troops under General Paget near the Douro. 

King Joseph had quitted Madrid on the twenty-first of 
July to unite with Marmont; but hearing of that General's 
defeat on the twenty-fifth near Airivole, he retreated on 
Segovia, with the expectation that Wellington would fol- 
low, hoping to draw his attention firom Clausel. On the 
first of August Joseph fell back, leaving behind him some 
dragoons, who were defeated by General D'Urban's Por- 
tuguese brigade of cavalry. 

The Allies entered Madrid on the twelfth, and were 
received with great enthusiasm by the population. 

Joseph, with the army of the centre, had retired from 
the Capital on the preceding evening, taking the road to 
Toledo, leaving about seventeen hundred men at Fort La 
China, in the palace of the Retiro, who surrendered next 
day. 

On the twenty-fifth the French abandoned their works 
opposite Cadiz and the Isla. Two days afterwards the 
combined force, under General La Cruza and Colonel 
Skerret, entered Seville. Here the enemy attempted to 
defend the bridge, but the grenadiers of the First Guards 
charged with the bayonet, and put them to flight ; several 
of their number were left dead in the streets, and more 

VOL. II. M 



178 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF | 

than two hundred prisoners were taken, with a quantity 
of baggage, horses, and money. 

The first division of the AlHed army lefit Madrid, and 
waR quartered in the palace of the Escurial with the foi 
fifth, and sixth divisions. 

King Joseph joined Suchet in Valencia; Soult was 
Granada. 

With the exception of one battalion, all the Englisbl 
had marched from Cadiz. General Hill, who was at 
TnixiUo, intended to advance on Oropesa, to act in conceit 
with the army under WeUlngton. 
r- On the first of September Wellington left Madrid, and 
entered Valladolid, where the Guards remained a few 
days, and marched to Burgos, the castle of which, 
strongly defended by field-works bristled with cannon, 
commanded the river. The place was invested on the 
night of the nineteenth, and the siege intrusted to the first 
and sixth divisions. During the night a detachment IJom 
the Forty-second regiment stormed and carried a horn-work 
on the hill of St. Michael, which covered the lower wall of 
the castle. Next day batteries were erected on this hill. 
In the night of the twenty-second the besiegers endea- 
voured to escalade and establish themselves on the outer 
wall and first line of field-works ; they failed however in 
■ the attempt, and retired with considerable loss, A week 
after a mine was exploded : working parties had been con- 
stantly in the trenches constructing batteries, hut the 
breach was not deemed practicable. 

Early in October, the Commander of the Forces had oc- 
casion to notice in Orders the misconduct of several of 
these working parties, but at the same time observed, that 
'■ he was happy to make an exception in favour of the 
" Guards, who, he is informed, have invariably performed 
" this duty, as they have every other in this army, in the. 
" most exemplary manner." 



, and ^^ 
)urtii)^^| 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 179 

A second breach was made on the evening^ of the fourth, 1812. 

October. 

and a lodgement effected between the outer wall and the 
first line of field-works ; but the garrison drove back the 
British, who however, on being reinforced, obliged the 
French to retire behind their defences. Before day-light 
on the eighth the garrison made a rush, overthrew the 
guard, and destroyed all the works between the second 
line and outer wall. Another and last attempt was made 
on the eighteenth, but the heavy fire from the garrison 
rendered it impossible for the assailants to maintain their 
ground. 

The loss of the Allies during the siege exceeded two 
thousand, which was about equal to that of the garrison.^ 

The following is an extract of a dispatch, dated '' Ca- 
be^on, October 26th, 1812," detailing the operations 
against the castle of Burgos on the eighteenth of October: 
It is impossible to represent in adequate terms my 

sense of the conduct of the Guards and German Legion 






■ CASUALTIES IN THE COLDSTREAM. 

Killed, &c. in the assault and capture of Fort St. Michael on 
the 19^ of September, 1812 ; wonnded, 1 Serjeant, 2 rank and 
file. 

Killed, &c. in the siege of the Castle of Bur^s, from the 20*^ to 
the 26*^ of September inclusive. — Killed, 13 rank and file; wounded; 
1 captain, 2 Serjeants, 39 rank and file. Wounded, Capt. Fraser. 

From 27**" Sept. to 3"» October. — Killed, 1 seijeant, 2 rank and 
file ; wounded, 8 rank and file. 

From 4"* to 5* Oct.— Killed, 1 rank and file ; wounded, 6 do. 

From 6^ to 10*^ Oct.— Killed, 1 Ensign, 1 1 rank and file ; wounded, 
27 rank and file, and one missing. Killed, Ensign Buckeridge. 

From U^ to 17^ Oct.— Killed, 3 rank and file ; wounded, 1 do. 

From 18*^ to 21** Oct. — Killed, 1 captain, 1 ensign, 1 seijeant, 22 
rank and file ; wounded, 2 captains, 1 seijeant, 32 rank and file. 
Capt Edward Harvey killed ; Ensign Burgess killed ; Hon. W. G. 
Crofton and Hon. John Walpole wounded. 



180 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1813. '' upon this occasion; and I am quite satisfied, that if it 

October. ^ . . . ^ 

'' had been possible to maintain the posts^which they had 
'* gained with so much gallantry, these troops would have 
'^ maintained them. Some of the men stormed even the 
** third line, and one was killed in one of the embrasures 
'' of that line. 

*^ I had reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the 
^* officers and troops during the siege of Burgos, particu- 
" larly with the brigade of Guards." 

The siege of Burgos^ was raised on the twenty-first: 
during the night the army filed under the walls of the 
castle, and crossed the bridge of the Arlanzon, which, al- 
though enfiladed by the artillery, was accomplished with 
scarcely any loss. By crossing this bridge, a march was 
gained on the enemy, who followed. 
Oct.24tb. Reinforcements which had disembarked at Corunna 
under the Earl of Dalhousie, composed principally of the 
first brigade of Guards, joined the army in position behind 
Oct. 25th. the Carrion. Next day the bridges over tlie Carrion and 
Pisuerga were blown up to arrest the progress of the 
Oct. 29th. enemy. 

After the Allies left Cabe5on they destroyed the bridge, 
and crossed the Douro at Tudela and Puentc del Duero. 
These bridges were also blow^n up; but in the evening the 
French passed in considerable force, by swimming the 
river near the bridge of Tordesillas. They then attacked 
and carried the ruins of the bridge, which was defended by 
a German battalion, and restored their communications. 

* The name of the French officer who commanded in Burgos 
was Colonel he Breton. After the restoration of the Bourbons 
this officer held the rank of Lieutenant-General, and whilst com- 
manding in Strasburg, had an opportunity of paying military ho- 
nours with that garrison to the Duke of Wellington, who was 
then on an inspection of the frontiers. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 181 

Wellington^ the next morning, moved to the left, and i8is. 
occupied nearly the same groond which the Allies had 
quitted previous to their former retreat on Salamanca. 
In this position the troops remained till the sixth, v^hen NoTember. 
they retired to Torrecilla del Ordem^ and three days after- 
wards found themselves once more on the heights of St. 
Christoval, in front of Salamanca. Wellington broke up 
from the position and retired on Ciudad Rodrigo, which 
town he reached on the eighteenth. During the march 
from St. Christoval to Ciudad Rodrigo, the weather was 
extremely inclement, and the troops suffered severely irom 
heavy roads, cold, and constant rain, which made it even 
difficult for them to light their fires; the supply of rations 
was also irregular. 

The army crossed the Agueda, and on the twenty-fourth Not. i9th 
of November head-quarters were once more established at *^^^' 
Freynada. 

General Hill returned to Estramadura. 

The troops went into cantonments for the winter. The Dec. 
Coldstream reached Musquetello on the sixth of December, 
where they were quartered. 



182 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



RETURN OF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST BATTALION OF THE COLDSTREAM 

FOR THE YEAR 1812. 



CoL 
L«.-C». 






Capt. 



n 

H 

t» 
»» 

t* 
»* 



»» 



Ens. 



n 
it 
»t 

ft 
»f 
»» 
>» 
tt 
tt 
»t 
»t 
ft 
t* 
ft 
ft 

ft 
t» 
t* 
«» 



Officem present 
in the Peninsula. 



Joseph Fuller 
Hon. H. Brand 
James Philips 
Sir G. Stirling, 1 

Bart. J 

A. Woodford 
J. Macdonell 
L. F. Adams, 

(Major) 

W. H. Raikes 



} 



} 



Adjut. 



Qu.Mr 
As'. I 
Sur. \ 



Tho. Barrow 

Hon. W. Geo. 

Crofton . 
D. Mao Kinnon 
Hon. J. Walpole 
Thomas Steele 
Edward Harvey 
W. Burroughs 
George Bowles 
Thomas Sowerby 
Ed. Lascelles, 

^appointed 

Adju^ vice 

Freemantle) 
P. Sandilands 
C. Mac Kenzie 1 

Fraser j 

Charles White 
Thomas Bligh 
Charles Shawe 
George H. M. 

Greville 
John Talbot 
G. H. Percival 
W. Geo. Baynes 
John S. Cowell 
W. N. Burgess 
John Mills 
James Bradshan 
F. L. Beckford 
J. C.Buckeridge 
J. L. Blackman 
Will. Grimsted 
Beaumont Ld. 1 

Hothnm J 

Hon. John Rous 
W. Anstruther 
Charles Shirley 

Fred. Vachell 
J. Freemantle, 1 

(Capt.) i 

John Holmes 



} 



Thomas Rose 



From 



1 Jan. 

June 

1 Jan. 



ft 



»» 



May 

1 Jan. 

rlJan. 
I Aug*, 
rljan. 
I July 

] Jan. 

June 

1 Jan. 

tt 

July 

1 Jan. 

ft 

April 



To 



May 

1 Jan. 

ft 
ft 

ft 

ft 
ft 
»» 
«> 
»» 
ft 
tt 
* t 
May 

April 

r April 

l30Nr. 

July 

June 

Dec. 

1 Jan. 

ft 

ft 
ft 



31 May 

6 Oct. 

Dec. 

28 Feb. 

31 Dec. 

ft 
April 

26 Jan. 
31 Dec. 
9 Feb. 
31 Deo. 

31 Dec. 

Sept. 

19 Nov. 

^31 Dec. 

18 Oct. 

31 Dec. 

ft 

ft 

ft 

ft 
3 Oct. 

April 

tt 
3 June 

1 Nov, 

Dec. 



31 



tt 



ft 



18 Oct. 
31 Dec. 
28 Oct. 

3 Oct. 

7 Oct. 
31 Dec. 

3 Oct. 
22 July 
31 Dec. 
31 Dec. 



M.Gi. 



tt 
tt 
tt 



Nov. 
8 May 
6 Oct. 



** 



>» 



ft 

Col. 
ft 

L«.-C'. 
tf 

ft 
tt 

■ tt 
tt 
tt 

Capt. 

ft 

ft 
ft 
tt 
II 

ft 

ft 

»i 
»» 



Officers absent. 



K. H. Howard, 1 
(2nd Major)/ 
Richard Hulse 

H. Mac Kinnon 



W. M. Peacocke 

Joseph Fuller 
Matthew Lord 1 
Aylmer J 

Sir W. Sheridan 
Hon. H. Brand 

James Philips 
Sir G. Stirling 

R. D. Jackson 
H. F. Bouverie 
Lucius F. Adams 

John Hamilton 

Sir H. SulUvan 

F. Miles Milman 
W. H. Raikes 
Thomas Barrow 
W. C. Wynyard 

D. Mac Kiauon 

Hon. J. Walpole 

Henry Dawkins 
Edward Harvey 

John Freemantle 

C. M. Fraser 
Charles White 



Cause of absence. 



} 



1 Jan. 



»» 



»f 



f» 



{ 



{ 



} 



1 June 
1 Jan. 



Dec. 



iMar. 



1 Jan. 



ft 



April 



{Commanding a 
brigade 
Ditto. Died 
r Ditto. Killed^ 
\ atCiudadRo- \ 
L drigo. J 

{Commandant 1 
at Lisbon j 
Posted to 2d Batto. 

{Asst. Adjutant 1 
Geni. Portugal J 
Prisoner of war 
Sick. In Enj^land 
r Ordered to join i 
I 2d Battalion J 

{Retired by theS 
sale of his > 
commission J 
Qur. M'. Geni. 
Dept. Portu 

i Ass'. Adjutants 

f Geni.Portugal ^ 
To join 2d Bat- 
talion on pro 
motion 

fQr. M'. Geni.i flJan. 

\ Dep». I \ 

L Leave to Eng<i J L Mar. 

'Sick leave in 
England. 
Posted to 2d 

L Battalion 
Prisoner of war 

< Sick. Leave to 
( England 
Leave to England 
i Adjt. Gen». 
} Dept. Cadiz 
r In England 1 flJan. 
i Ditto. Sent \ < Sept. 
L recruiting J L 
r Sick, wounded. 

< I^ave to Eng 
I land 

{ Brigade Major, 
I Portugal 
\ Killed before ) 
f Burgos S 

A.D.C. to the! 
Marquis of > 
Welliugton J 

{Sick, wounded. 
Leave to Eng 
land. 

To join 2d Bat. 
on promotion 



} 



From 



Jan. 



ft 



1 
27 
10 Feb. 

1 Jan. 



{ 



{ 



} 



20 Nov. 



1 Jan. 
18 Oct. 



Nov. 



6 Oct. 



April 



To 



31 Dee. 
7 SepL 

19 Jn. 

SlDec. 

»• 

» 

>» 
»t 

t> 

t> 

tf 

>i 

ft 

Feb. 

31 Dec. 

31 Dec. 

ft 

Aug. 

July 

31 Dec. 

May 
31 Dec. 

ft 

tf 
tf 



»» 



»» 



r 



1 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



183 



RETURN OF OFFICERS OF THE FIRST BATTALION OF THE COLDSTREAM 

FOR THE YEAR ISli^Continued. 



Sv. ^ 



»9 



Qii.Mi 



Officers present 
in the Peninsula. 



Edward Nixon 



Thomas Maynard 



Tho. Dwelly, 
(date of ap- 
pointment) 



From 



1 Jan. 
Oct. 

15 Oct. 



To 



3 Dec. 
31 „ 

27 „ 



C^^ 



Ens. 



n 



*t 



tt 



gu.Mi 

Bat.1 
Sot./ 
A8« 1 

Sur. J 
tt 

Qu.M> 



Officers absent. 



Thomas Bligh 

Charles Shawe 
G.H.M.Greville 
John Talhot 
William Stothert 

W. N. Burgess 
James Bradshaw 
F. L. Beckford 

J. C. Buckeridge 

WiU. Grimsted 
Beaumont Ld. 
Hotbam 

John Holmes 

Charles Coombe 

lliomas Rose 
Edward Nixon 
Thomas Dwelly 



Cause of absence. 



{ 



To join Sd Bat.1 
on promotion j 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 

Ditto. 
Prisoner of war 
i Killed before > 
( Burgos s 

i Leare. Joined } 
i 2dBattaUon { 
5 Sick leare. In > 
I England $ 

4 Killed before i 
i Burgos S 
Leare to England 
i Sick absent, 
( wounded 
r To join 2d Bat. 1 
I in England j 

5 Sick absent. > 
I To England S 

Leare to England 

Ditto. 
Tojoin2dBat.'l 
in England J 



{ 



From 



To 



April 51 Dec. 

4 June 

«Nor. 

Dec. 

IJan. 

18 Oct. 
29 Oct. 



4 Oct. 



tt 
>» 
»» 

99 

tt 



it 



7 Oct, 
40ct. 
23 July39NoT. 



»9 



»> 



9 May 

rlJan. 
I Feb. 

6 Oct. 

4Dee. 

88 » 



!3lDec. 

Feb. 
31 Dec. 

31 Dec. 



M 



99 



i 



184 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



CHAPTER XI- 

French loss in Russia — Austria joins the Russians — Napoleon 
concentrates his force — Soult sets out with reinforcements for 
Germany — Graham crosses the Douro — The cavalry and Hill's 
corps reach Salamanca — Enemy retire from Yalladolid to 
Burgas — Allies cross the Ebro — Attack at Osma — Battle of Vit- 
toria — Retreat of the French — Left adrance under Graham — 
Joseph makes a stand at Tolosa — Graham drives him beyond the 
frontier — Siege of St. Sebastian — Soult resumes the command 
in the south of France — Attacks Roncesvalles and Maya — Re- 
treats — Wellington occupies the position he did previous to the 
advance of Soult — Capture of St. Sebastian — Left of the Allies 
cross the Bidassoa — Pampeluna surrenders — Position of the 
French on the Nivelle — Hope succeeds Graham as second in 
command — French lose their character for invincibility at Leipsic 
Battle of Nivelle — Allies go into cantonments — Soult concen- 
trates in front of Bayonne — Repulsed in his attacks on the left. 

1813. The loss sustained by Napoleon in Russia caused the 
defection of Prussia. The Crown Prince of Sweden called 
on the Germans to aid in the great work of restoring 
liberty to Europe, After the negociations at Prague, 
Austria united with Russia, and Bavaria followed the ex- 
ample. The Russians advanced to the Elbe, and forced 
the French troops to retreat before them. The hostility 
of their former allies made the French suspicious of 
those that remained ; and Napoleon thought it prudent 
to concentrate, that his communication with France mis:bt 
not be interrupted. 



THE COL]>STR£AM GUARDS. 185 

Soulty with a considerable portion of his troops, had i8i5. 
been ordered to join the grand army in Germany: but 
notwithstanding this diminution, the force left in Spain 
amounted to upwards of one hundred and fifty thousand 
men ; part of whom were in Catalonia and Valencia, the 
remainder spread over Castille, Leon, and the northern 
provinces. 

All the requisite preparations for opening the campaign May. 
being completed, on the sixteenth of May five divisions 
under Graham crossed the Douro in boats, with orders to 
march on Zamora. Wellington, with the cavalry undejr 
General Fane, and a corps of Spaniards, reached Sala- 
manca towards the end of the month. Sir Rowland Hill 
also arrived there from Estramadura. 

The divisions under Graham first came up with the 
enemy on the Esla, who offered no opposition, but retired, 
destroying the bridges of Zamora and Toro. Pontoons 
were laid down and formed a bridge, over which the Allies 
crossed, and halted near Zamora. 

The French who occupied Madrid, and those on the June. 
Tagus, passed the Douro. Valladolid was evacuated, 
and the enemy retired to Burgos, a strong post. 

After a reconnoissance under Sir Rowland Hill, General June iitb. 
Reille was dislodged from the heights of Hormaza. The 
French army retired on Vittoria during the night of the 
twelfth of June, after having blown up about four hundred 
of their men in destroying the castle of Burgos. The Al- 
lies then moved to the left and crossed the Ebro near its 
source by the bridges of St. Martin and Fuentes de 
Arenas. 

On the eighteenth the light division was successful 
against a body of infantry. The enemy at Osma made a 
sharp attack on the first and fifth divisions under Graham, 
and although much superior in numbers, were repulsed 



186 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1813. and followed to Espejo. In this affair four men of the 
Coldstream were wounded. 

In the night of the twelfth, the French, commanded by 
King Joseph, Marshal Jourdan acting as his Major-Crene- 
Jane 19th. ral, concentrated in front of Vittoria ; their right was 
stationed near that town, and extended across the Zadora 
on high ground covered by field-works; their left ran be- 
hind the river to the village of Subijana d'Alava, with an 
advance-post resting on the height in front, which termi- 
nated at Puebla d'Arlanzon; and the centre occupied a 
hill commanding the valley of Zadora. In this position 
their right covered the road from Bilboa, their left that 
from Logrono, and their centre the great road from 
Madrid. 

Wellington reconnoitred the enemy's position on the 
June tut, twentieth. Next morning he advanced in three corps; the 
right, composed of the second division, with a division of 
Portuguese under the Conde de Amarante, and Morillo's 
Spanish corps, commanded by Hill. The centre con- 
sisted of the fourth and light divisions. The left, com- 
prising the first and fifth divisions with a body of cavalry, 
was under Graham. To this force was attached a division 
of Spaniards, who were ordered to make a wide move- 
ment, cross the Zadora, and enter the great road from 
Valladolid to Bayonne, and intercept the enemy in their 
retreat. 

The right of the Allies first engaged above Puebla, and 
drove the enemy from the heights : reinforcements were 
sent from both sides ; and after some severe fighting the 
hill was taken, retaken, and taken again ; when it remained 
in possession of General Hill's corps, who followed up his 
success. The centre divisions passed the Zadora over some 
bridges intended for foot-passengers. Pic ton's and the 
seventh division crossed the bridge on the Mendonza road, 



THE COLDSIREAil Gl'ARDS. 



187 



I 



end drove the enemy before them, with the loss of twenty- 
eight guns. The French retired in good order on Vit- 
toria. 

Graham, whose column on the previous evening had 
been sent to Margiana, advanced by the road from Bilboa 
to Vittoria: he attacked the front and flank of the right, 
and succeeded io driving the French from their position 
above Abechuco. Every exertion was then made by the 
enemy to regain Gamorra-Major ; and although they 
failed, they prevented General Oswald's division from 
prohting by the advantage first gained. The entrance of 
the centre division into Vittoria obliged the enemy to re- 
tire, that tfaey might avoid being taken in rear. The di- 
vision then crossed the river and posted themselves on the 
high road to Bayonne, driving back the French on the 
road leading to Panipeluna, the only one left open to them. 
Confusion and dismay spread among the enemy's ranks, 
who were pressed on all aides; and had it not been for the 
local impediments which opposed the progress of the ar- 
tdlery and cavalry, the French army would have been 
annihilated. One hundred and fifty-one guns were taken, 
besides vast quantities of ammunition, caissons, and 
baggage, together with Marshal Jourdau's baton. The 
loss of the enemy is pretended by their own historians not 
to have exceeded six thousand men : that of the Allies 
was under five thousand. 

After this battle the left, under Graham, advanced on 
Bilboa, in hopes of intercepting General Foy, who on re- 
ceiving the account of Joseph's defeat retired on Bayonne. 
At Tolosa he made a stand; but Graham attacked and 
drove him beyond the frontier. The left wing kept ad- 
vancing towards Bayonne, forcing the enemy from every 
position where they attempted any resiijtance. 



188 ORIGIN AND SEllVICES OF 

I8t3. At this period colour-serieants were first introduced, in 

June 25th. , . « , 

the proportion of one to each company.^ 

Wellington decided on besieging St. Sebastian ; a de- 
sirable point for establishing the communication with 
July 1st. England. Sir Thomas Graham invested that place with 
the first and fifth divisions. To save time batteries were 
erected on the sand-hills. The convent of St. Bartholo- 
mew was carried on the seventeenth. Two breaches were 
deemed practicable on the twenty-fifth. A mine sprung 
under the glacis of the front line was the signal for a party 
of two thousand men, who were in readiness at day-break, 
to rush forward. This unexpected explosion created so 
much alarm, that it enabled the assailants to reach the 
breach with little loss ; but in their attempt to ascend they 
were checked by a front and fiank fire, which destroyed 
five hundred; when the remainder fell back on their 
trenches. The same day the garrison made a sortie, and 
succeeded in taking many Portuguese prisoners. 

Soult returned from Germany to conmiand the French 
force in the south. His first object was to relieve Pam- 
peluna, which had been invested by a corps of Spaniards : 
after various conflicts, lie advanced in two colunms, 
amounting to thirty-five thousand men, against the passes 
of Roncesvalles and Maya, near the mountain Cubiry. He 
was, however, repulsed in his attacks, and retreated with 
his army early on the thirty-first, in three columns, by 
St. Jean Pied de Port, Echular, Sarr6, and Maya. The 
AUied army followed and came up with the enemy's 
rear-guard, strongly posted in the pass of Donna Maria, 
from whence they were driven by the brigade under Gene- 
ral Barnes. 

The loss of the French since Soult had resumed the 



' Sec Appendix, No. 250. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 189 

command was upwards of eight thousand men, and greatly i8i3. 
exceeded that of the Allies. 

Lord Wellington in the beginning of August returned to Aognst. 
the position occupied by his army previous to the advance 
of Soult. 

Supplies of stores and a battering train arrived from 
England, and were landed on the eighteenth of August. 

Towards the end of the month the Allies had placed Aug. fsth. 
nearly eighty guns in battery before St. Sebastian, 
whose fire on the town continued without intermission 
during the day from their first opening. On the night of 
the twenty-ninth the garrison attempted another sortie* 
and were repulsed. 

The storming party, which fcxmed early on the thirty- Aog. suu 
first, consisted of seven hundred and fifty volunteers, two 
hundred of whom were suppUed by the Guards. The 
detachment fipom the Coldstream consisted of one lieu- 
tenant, one ensign, two Serjeants, one drummer, and fifty 
men, under Captain Barrow and Ensign Chaplin. 

The column, after many desperate attempts, found itself, 
on reaching the summit, assailed by a heavy fire from the 
place, that destroyed all in the advance. In the words of 
General Graham, ** no man outlived the attempt to gain 
the ridge." 

^^ Notwithstanding the great extent of the breach, 
'^ there was but one point where it was possible to enter, 
^' and there by files. All the inside of the wall to the 
'^ right of the curtain formed a perpendicular scarp of at 
'' least twenty feet to the level of the streets, so that the 
'^ narrow ridge of the curtain itself, formed by the breach- 
'^ ing of its end and front, was the only accessible point. 
** During the suspension of the operations of the siege, 
" the enemy had prepared every means of defence which 
*' art could devise." 



lyO ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1813. It was not till the attack was renewed, and after a 

determined assault, that the besieged were driven fixHn 
their defences. The Allies then succeeded in forcing the 
barricades, and pushed forward into the town, with a I088 
of about two thousand three hundred killed and wounded. 
The enemy retired to the castle, leaving about seven hun- 
dred prisoners. 

The casualties in the Coldstream were, five rank and file 
killed. Ensign Thomas Chaplin and twenty-seven rank and 
file wounded, and one missing. 
September. ()n the ninth, fifty heavy guns and mortars opened on 
the castle of St. Sebastian ; which, after a bombardment 
of two hours, surrendered. The garrison amounted to 
upwards of two thousand, including about five hundred 
sick. 

October. Ou the seventh of October, the first and fifth divisions, 
witli General Wilson's Portuguese brigade, forded the 
Bidassoa at low water, for the purpose of driving the 
enemy from the mountain of La Rhune. A corps of 
Spanianls crossed the river higher up, with the intention 
of attacking the works on the Montague Vert. General 
Alten with the light division, and the Spaniards under 
Longa, were to attack the pass of Bera. General Giron 
with the army of Andalusia was to march against the in- 
trenchments of La Rhune. The fifth division crossed the 
river, followed by the first, and advanced against the 
French, who had scarcely formed in line before they were 
driven from their works, with the loss of several guns. 

At Bera the attack of tlie light division was particulariy 
successful. General Giron carried the lower slopes of La 
Rhune; the enemy, however, crowned the heights, when 

i>ct, 7. |i^^» ^^iQg^^ ^^f Jay put an end to further efforts. 

Next day the Spanianls carried an intrenched hne be- 
yond the mountain with little opp<isition. These advan- 



\ 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 191 

tages were gained with a loss of about sixteen hundred i8i5. 
men. In the Coldstream the casualties were, two rank and ^^' 
file killed, and ten wounded. 

On the eighteenth the Coldstream moved to the camp 
near St. Jean de Luz. 

On the thirty-first, after a blockade of four months, the 
garrison of Pampeluna surrendered prisoners of war. 

The enemy from the beginning of August had been in 
possession of a formidable line of works on the Nivelle; 
their right rested on the sea, covered the town of St. Jean 
de Luz, and extended twelve miles in a direct line ; their 
centre occupied the village of Sarre and the adjacent rising 
ground ; their left, covered by the river Ainhoe, rested on 
a height, which was defended by several works that added 
to the strength of their position. A mountain protected 
the approach to the village, the extremity of which was 
also fortified. In the progress of these works no labour or 
expense had been spared. k 

The incessant rain and snow in the mountains greatly 
retarded Lord Wellington. 

On crossing the Bidassoa, Graham, who had been ap- 
pointed to head the force in Holland, was succeeded in 
command of the left wing of the army by Sir John Hope. 
It consisted of the first division under Major-General November. 
Howard, with the fifth division, the independent, and two 
Portuguese brigades. The centre was formed in two 
columns, the right of which comprised the third, fourth, 
and seventh divisions under Marshal Beresford ; and the 
left, the Ught division, with the Spanish army of reserve, 
supported by a brigade of cavalry. The sixth and Por- 
tuguese division under Sir John Hamilton, and the Spanish 
division commanded by Morillo, formed the right wing. 

In Germany the French lost their character for invinci- 
bility, and were deserted by their auxiliaries ; the results 



1M2 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

iHUi, Qf ^hich were apparent in t)ie subsequent victorieB of 
the Confederates and the ultimate downfall of Napolem's 
power. He could no longer send reinforcements to recover 
the ground lost in Spain ; and Wellington resolyed to pass 
into France. 

Previous to entering that country, the British Com- 
mander issued the following humane and generous procla- 
mation : 

'^ Officers and soldiers must recollect, that their natioiis 
** BLTfi at war with France, solely because the ruler of the 
'' French nation will not allow them to be at peace, and is 
*' desirous of forcing them to submit to his yoke; and 
** they must not forget, that the worst of the evils suffered 
*' by the enemy, in his profligate invasion of Spain and 
'' Portugal, have been occasioned by the irregularities 
*' of his soldiers, and their cruelties, authorised and en- 
'' couraged by their chiefs, toward the unfortunate and 
'* {)ouccful inhabitants of the country. To avenge this 
" conduct on the peaceable inhabitants of France, would 
** he unmaulv and unworthy of the nations to which the 
'• Commander of the Forces now addresses himself." 

(^nlm and confident, Wellington, from the heights of the 
PyrtnnH>s, liH>kod down on the well-guarded territories of 
the irroat onomy of his country, and, with steady purpose, 
pre|>arxHl to tame the pride of a mighty Prince who, while 
he carried war and misery into almost every capita) of 
F.um|>o. made it his haughty baist that the women of 
the grt\it nation had never seen the smoke of an enemy's 
oamp. The Horculean task of the British General was 
aooomplishtHl ; ho had ohasoil the far-famed legions of 
NajH^UnMi tVxMii the ppati'^s of LisKm to the utmost limits of 
the S|>;mish Iv^undary, and had n^tonxl the affrighted in- 
habttants of* ihc IVninsula to their native towns and vil- 
lasiv's in jvaor and i^'^lety. His \va:> no selfish triumph. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 193 

destined cmly to coovey to fatare ages the name of a sue- isis. 
ceasfbl conqueror. Wellington stood before the world at 
once a hero and a benefactor ; and the shouts of his exult- 
ing soldiers were mingled with the blessings of rescued 
millions, whom his genius and courage had delivered from 
the grasp of the oppressor. It was his high and pecuUar 
glory that the brilliant achievements in Spain and Por- 
tugaly which secured him an imperishable reputation as a 
commander, gave repose to unoffending nations, and had 
no object but to foil a military chief whose restless un- 
scrupulous ambition rendered murder, conflagration, and 
pillage fiuniliar to the si^t of every neighbouring king- 
dom that dared to resist his usurpations. After long and 
carefully perusing the living map that lay spread out be- 
neath his feet, Wellington ordered his army to advance ; 
and on the tenth of November the troops descended from 
the Pyrenees through the mountain passes by moon-light, 
to transfer to France the calamities of domestic war, 
and teach the adnurers of splendid but unprincipled ag- 
gression, that there is at length a day of retribution. 

The Allies on reaching the line of piquets halted, pre- 
paratory to the attack, which was to conunence at day- 
light; they were so placed as to be concealed from the 
enemy. 

At the dawn of day a cannonade was commenced against 
some redoubts in front of Sarr6, after which the infantry 
rushed to the assault and carried the works and the vil- 
lage. The light division forced the lines on Petite la 
Rhune. The enemy having abandoned the redoubts, 
General Alten formed on the summit of the hill they had 
quitted. The army then advanced, covered by skir- 
mishers towards the heights behind Sarr6, when the 
French successively abandoned their intrenchments, and 

VqL. II. N 



194 • ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1815. fled in grreat disorder down the hill with a view to reach 

Not. iOUi. ^ 

the bridges over the Nivelle. 

Whilst the light division was proceeding to assanlt a 
redoubt, the garrison endeavoured to escape ; Beresford, 
however, intercepted them and made about six hundred 
prisoners. 

Clinton received orders to ford the Nivelle, and at- 

■ 

tack the heights of Ainhoe, supported by General Hamil- 
ton's division placed in echelon. He marched directly on 
the right to attack the enemy in front, who, being drivea 
back, left the redoubts on the heights of Ainhoe unpro- 
tected. The French detachments by which they were 
occupied hastily retreated, and caused a body of their 
troops on the left to recede. The British divisions then 
advanced, when the French quitted the line in front of 
Ainhoe and retired towards Cambo. 

Tlie enemy, driven from the centre of their line, con- 
centrated on the heights above St. Pe; whence they were 
dislodged whilst forming, by a flank movement of the 
third and seventh divisions on the left, in conjunction with 
the sixth division which marched in the opposite direction. 
The centre of the Allies was established in rear of the 
enemy's right. The close of day put an end to the ope- 
rations, and Soult, under cover of the night, withdrew, and 
retired to Bavonne. 

Durins: these movements the encmv lost fifty suns, two 
thousand men, fifteen hundred prisoners, and great quan- 
tities of stores and ammunition. 

The loss of the Allies was under six hundred killed, and 
two thousand wounded. 

Ensign Anstrutlier and thirteen rank and file of the 
light company of the Coldstream were wounded. 

The Allies went into cantonment? between the ridcre of 
Nivelle and the sea. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. • 195 

Soult concentrated his anny in an intrenched camp in ibis. 

_ NoTember. 

front of bayonne. 

The distance between the contending armies did not 
exceed two miles at the nearest point, which induced Wel- 
lington to construct a defensive line for the protection of 
his frcmt against any sudden attack. 

The Coldstream advanced on the ninth beyond Bidart, December, 
within three miles of Bayonne, encountered the enemy, 
and returned at night to their quarters at St. Jean de 
Luz.^ 

The allied army advanced on the ninth of December, 
and the left wing, under Hope, closely reconnoitred the 
enemy's intrenchments at Bayonne. with little opposition. 
Hill passed the Nive by the fords at Cambo. Clinton's 
division crossed by the bridge of boats at Ustariz. 

The French made a stand at Ville Franque ; but were 
dislodged by the light infantry of Clinton's division. In 
the night the enemy withdrew all their posts into the town 
of Bayonne. 

Next day Hill's corps took post with their right on the Dec. lotli. 
Adour, the left reaching to Ville Franque, and tlieir centre 
across the road from Bayonne to St. Jean Pied de Port; 
some cavalry were also sent to Urcuray to watch a division 
of the enemy posted near St. Palais. Sir John Hope re- 
turned to his former cantonment, and Beresford retired to 
the left bank of the Nive, keeping up his communication 
with General Hill by a bridge of boats. 

Soult left Bayonne early on the morning of the tenth, 
and advanced with the determination of attacking the left 
under Hope. 

The road to St. Jean de Luz was defended by the fifth 
division and two Portuguese brigades. The light division 

^ Head-quarters. 



196 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES oy 



was placed about two miles to the right, and eeparated 
from the lefl corps hy a range of hills, too steep to enable 
a body of troopa to occupy them. 

The French attacked and drove the light division within 
the village of Arcanques, where they were strougly in- 
trenched, Bud aderwards established themselves on the 
hills. This being effected, the enemy attacked the lefl, 
consisting of the fiflh division, which received them with 
great gallantry : Geaeral Robinson was wounded ; and 
the French having advanced in front of Barouiltet throogh 
some wood, compelled Major-General Campbell's Portu- 
guese brigade, and General Robinson's brigade which 
supported it, to retire, and thereby they forced the position. 
A Portuguese battalion moved forward on the road, and 
went into the rear of the wood: the Ninth regiment on 
the extreme right wheeled round and charged with the 
Portuguese, by which the enemy were driven back and 
suffered severely. The French, however, again renewed 
the attempt to dislodge the fifth division, when the re- 
mainder of the left wing, consistin£r of the brigade of 
Guards, brought up from their cantonments under Major- 
General Howard, opportunely arrived : the enemy's at- 
tacking columns were then repulsed ; and night closed q 
the combatants. 

Soult, having failed in his efforts to destroy the left of tb6 
Allies, retired witli part of his force during the night from 
the position in front of Sir John Hope. 
I. This General next day tsent some of his troops to the 
support of the light division ; and being thus weakened, 
he was again attacked by the enemy, whom he repulsed. 

On the same day the Coldstream moved to the out- 
posts, whence they afterwards returned to their quarters at 
St. JeandeLuz; but were occasionally sent to the out-po&t p 
near Bidart. 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 197 

The French still continued in front of the left, and on -.^®^?- ^ 

Dec. lltb. 

the afternoon of the twelfth there was some sharp skir- 
mishing,^ but no alteration took place in the position of 
either army. Little else of interest occurred pending these 
operations, with the exception of some unsnccessftd attacks 
made by Soult on the corps of Sir Rowland Hill, which 
commenced on the ninth and ended on the thirteenth of 
December. Although Soult from his position was enabled 
to direct his whole force against any given point of the 
extended line of the Allies with a great superiority in num- 
bers, yet he made no impression by these attacks. The 
loss of life on both sides was, however, considerable. 



* The Coldstream bad three men wounded. 



ORIGIN AKU SERVICES UF 



RETURN OF 1 





Olficers pr*. 


















KCQI ill Ibt 

Pe<iii»ul>. 


From 


To 




Officer* absent. 


CanwofabMnce- 


From 


To 


Lt.Cl 


A. Woodford 
.r. MacdooeU 


1J«.. 


31 I>«c. 


L1.-G. 


i. Cslcrafl,) 
l.t .Msjor / 
K.A. lU-1 


L^ave 


iJan. 


31 Dec. 




G. Collier 


JM. 




M.-G. 


f Commanding 1 








J. UuaHtaa 


.Julj 






«rd.gdMiij./ 
W. M. Pea- 1 


1 a Brigade / 
r Commandant 1 




** 


Cpt. 


V!. It. RaikeB 


IJin. 


16 M«T 




code } 


1 at Lisbon J 








rhomoi Uor« 


fiUith 


31 Dec, 






fAa'Adji.Gen.T 




June 




r. BBITOir, 1 


IJao. 


W ,. 




.M.LordAyl-1 


J PorturJ 








fi.'*.'o. 




n>er } 




Joly 


31 Dee. 






31 ,. 






L a Brigade J 








Crofton / 




Lt.CL 


SirW.SheiJ-l 


Prisoner of war 








rtomw SteeU 








dsn 1 






;; 


(i. Bo«l« 


■; 


;; 




Hon. H. Brsnd 


rIo En«l.nd.-| 
i Posted load y 

L battalion J 








r. Sowerby 


























fAsst. y.-Mr.- 


I Jan. 


April 




Jabn I'rince 

;. V. HlTTOJ 


. j;n. 

JulT 


;: 


•■ 


R-D.J«ck«on 


J Gi. Portugal 


Oct. 


SIDm. 


Eni. 


WG bITJm 


tJan. 


H.Mnr. 
IIJiilj 




H.F.Bouverie 


iXi&Hf-} 


1 Jan. 


.. 




I.S.Cowlll 




Oct. 






rSick lBa»etoT 


18 May 


June 


;; 


John Mills 
J. L. Blict-l 


'•'■ 


jHn. 
31 Dec. 




W. H. RsiLei 


1 England 
) Po.ted to *d 


July 


31 Dee. 




mu } 








L balUilion 








B.I.ord Jto-1 






M.jor 


T. B«To» 


Leave lo England 








tb«n / 
Hon. J. Rous 


" 


■; 


Cspt. 


W. C. Wyn- 1 


rAdjuti. Gen-T 
) Dept. Cadii 


iJan. 


J^y 




W. Anrtralb^r 








yard } 


i On Staff at 


Aug. 


JlDec 




CSbirleT 










L borne 










. Ju. 








rSick, wonnd- 








Hon. R.Moore 








Hon.J.Wal-1 


J ed. Englwid 
1 OnStaff.Kenl 








C.A.Girwdot 








polo ) 


1 Jan. 






T. Ch«plin 


yii. 


MSipt. 






L diMricl 








E. Clifton 


July 


31 U» 






Bri^.-Major, 
Sec. Brigade 
of Guards 






;; 


Hedry ftiwrj 
0. G. .Morgan 


Sept. 






H. Dawlin. 


" 


■■ 




F. Vscbcll 


i jin. 








A. IJ. C. to 
Jlarquis of 
WelLglon 

A.D.c: to 
Ll.-Gen.Sir 
Jolin Hope . 






Adji. 


W. Konrigbt 
E. Lucellas, i 




■• 












<C>p..J 'i 








A.Wedderbum 






Q.M' 


B. SelrrsT 




.. 


.. 


W.G.BsyneB 


WJuly 




Surg. 


rhoniM Ro« 


J.ly 


" 


,. 


J. S. Cowell 


Oct. 




5"] 


W. Whyropcr 


June 




Ens. 


G. H. PerdTd 


Tojoinidbatt. 


15 Mar 




bur.; 








W. Stothert 


Pri»neror<rtr 








r. MiynsTd 


1J«.. 




.. 


lobn Mills 
F. L. Beckfotd 


Leare to Englaiid 

rSid[.Eii(landl 
I Recmitina / 


Feb.' 
1 Ju. 


" 










" 


W. Grimitead 


Leave in Engfand. „ 

rSick.vound-1 : 


■■ 












r. CbapliD 


{lii"""} 


?7S»pt. 


•• 



THE COLUSTREAM GUARDS. 199 



CHAPTER XII. 

Hill moves to Hellete — French retire — Spaniards blockade St. Jean 
Pied de Port — Left wing inrests Bayonne — Battle of Orthex — 
Sonlt retires — Beresford's corps marches for Bourdeaax — Great 
part of his force recalled — Battle of Tonlonse — Sortie from 
Bayonne — Coldstream suffer severely — Coldstream in barracks 
at Bourdeaax — Hostilities close on land between England and 
France — Coldstream quit Bourdeaux for Pauliac — Conveyed by 
craft to the Stirling Castle — Arrive at Spithead — March to 
London — Six companies of the Coldstream embark for Holland 
— Inspected at Steenbergen — Failure of attack on Bergen -op- 
Zoom — Six companies go into quarters at Brussels — Six compa- 
nies reinforced by four companies from England. 

The severity of the season obliged the Allies to keep ^*i*- 
in their cantonments, and consequently nothing of mo- 
ment occurred until about the middle of February, when Febraary. 
Wellington endeavoured to draw Soult from his position 
near Bayonne. 

On the fourteenth of February Hill's corps broke up 
from Urcuray and moved to Hellete» from -whence they 
obliged the enemy's troops to retire on St. Palais. Gene- 
ral Harispe left a garrison at St. Jean Pied de Port, 
which was blockaded by the Spanish corps under Mina, 
and, being joined by other troops, made a stand on the 
height of La Montague, whence he was driven, and crossed 
the Bidassoa. The left wing of the Allies, intended for 
the investment of Bayonne, moved forward at one 



800 



ORIGIN ANU SERVICES OF 



1814. o'clock A.M. on the morning of the twenty- third, driving 
the enemy's out-posts before them: the heavy guns were 
then brought up and placed in battery. The river, 
Adour was to be crossed by means of pontoon rafts, whi) 
could only be worked during alack tide. In the evenii 
when two light companiea of Uie Coldstream and Third 
Guards, with four battalion companies of the latter regi- 
ment, had passed, two columns of the enemy deployed, 
fired a volley, and rushed on them with the bayonet. The 
Guards, however, being most judiciously posted by Major- 
Geueral Stopford on a ridge of sand, with their right 
resting on the river, their left towards the sea, 
allied artillery on the other side flanking the groum 
their front, and assisted by a discharge of Congre' 
rockets, threw the enemy into confusion and forced th< 
to retire. In the night pontoons, used as row-b( 
were substituted for the rafts ; and, as only fifteen men 
passed over each turn, it was not until the evening of the 
next day that the first division and some cavalry were on 
the right bank. By the twenty-sixth a bridge was con- 
structed below the town, which during the remainder 
of the war served as the regular communication between. 
Feb.«7ib. St, Jean de Luz and Spain. The following evening, af 
a sharp skirmish, Bayonne was blockaded. Sir 
Hope with the left wing was mtrusted with the siege, 
direct road to Bourdeaux was now open by the bni 
thrown across the Adour. 

WeUington on the twenty- seventh of February at- 
tacked Soult, whose army, strongly posted near Orthez, 
had successfully resisted the repeated efforts of the Ailies 
to gain the heights. But the British commander di 
termined to change his plan ; the result was the brillii 
rapid, and total defeat of the French, who sustaii 
a loss of three thousand men and six pieces of 



right ^^ 

theV^H 
.oatt^^ 

men 

'the 

e on 

con- 

nder 

veen. ^^^ 

i 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 201 

lery. The casualties on the part of the Allies did not isi4. 
ejtceed two thousand five hundred. 

Soult retired towards Tarbes by the road to Toulouse : 
in consequence of the heavy rains and the destruction of 
the bridges the French were not closely pursued in their 
retreat. 

Wellington had been informed that, although favourable 
to the Bourbon cause, the inhabitants of Bourdeaux were 
prevented, from giving vent to their feehngs by a. small 
garrison which kept them in awe. Soult probably sup- 
posed that Wellington would not advance on this town 
while the garrison of Bayonne held out. Marshal 
Beresfordy having with him the Due d'Angoul^me, was 
howevjer ordered to march with his corps to expel the 
French troops from Bourdeaux ; but they immediately re- 
tired on his approach, and the EngUsh General was 
met by the entire population, who instantly destroyed all 
the emblems of Napoleon. Wellington, considering that 
so large a force was unnecessary for the defence of Bour- 
deaux, recalled Beresford, leaving Lord Dalhousie there 
with about five thousand men. 

On the tenth of April the battle of Toulouse was gained, April, 
though not without great loss. The British and Por- 
tuguese had five thousand killed and wounded, and the 
Spaniards nearly three thousand ; but, in estimating this 
fatal result, it must be remembered that the attack con- 
tinued during the entire day, and was directed against in- 
trenchments of a most formidable description. The loss of 
the French was three thousand six hundred. 

Wellington closely pressed the siege of Toulouse, and 
on the night of the twelfth Soult retired, leaving three 
Generals and one thousand six hundred prisoners. 

Early on the morning of the fourteenth, and after the April i4th. 
intelligence of the event which had occurred at Paris on 



202 ORHilN AND SERVICES OF 

1814. the seventh < was known, a desperate sortie was made 
' from the French camp in front of the citadel of Bayonne, 
directed principally against the position occupied by the 
^ second brigade of Guards at St. Etienne, opposite to the 
citadel. Major-General Hay was killed at the first onset, 
and the enemy gained temporary possession of the village 
of St. EUenne. The centre of the British was also driven 
in, and General Stopford was wounded. General Hope^ 
on coming up with some troops in the dark, encountered 
the enemy, by whom he was wounded and taken 
prisoner, his horse having been shot under him. Re- 
inforcements were quickly brought up, the lost ground 
recovered, and the assailants driven back with great 
slaughter : but this was a lamentable and useless waste of 
lives, as Napoleon had already abdicated. 

The Allies lost more than eight hundred men in killed, 
wounded, and prisoners. 

The casualties of the Coldstream in consequence of this 
sortie from Bayonne were, one captain, one lieutenant, one 
Serjeant, one drummer, and thirty rank and file killed ; 
one captain, three lieutenants, two ensigns, eleven Ser- 
jeants, and one hundred and eleven rank and file wounded; 
two Serjeants and eighty-two rank and file missing. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Sullivan and Captain the 
Honourable W. G. Crofton were killed. lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Collier, who died, having had both his tliighs ara- 



" On the eleventh of April, 1814, the treaty of Paris was ra- 
tified hy Marshals Ney, Macdonald, and Caulainconrt, on the part 
of Napoleon; and hy the Ministers of Austria, Russia, and 
Pnissia. By the convention, Napoleon renounced all sovereignty 
over France and Italy ; stipulating that the Island of Elba should 
be his domain and residence during life: the abdication was signed 
at Fontainbleau. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 208 

putated; Captain Burroughs, Ensigns Vachell and Pitt iai4. 
died of their wounds. Captains James Vigois Harvey and 
Henry Dawkins were wounded. 

Thus closed hostihties on land between two nations 
who had been engaged in an incessant warfiure, with only 
one year's interruption^ from 1793. 

The Coldstream left their ground near Bayonne on the Umj. 
second of May: after being encamped some time they 
marched to Bourdeaux, where the men went into bar- 
racksy and the officers were billeted on the inhabitants till 
the twenty-third of July; the first battalion then quitted 
the town for Pauliac, a village on the Garonne, whence 
they were conveyed in large craft to the Stirling Castle of 
seventy-four guns, at the mouth of the river, on board 
of which they embarked, and arrived at Spithead on the 
twenty-eighth ; they then marched to Portman-Street 
barracks. 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



RCTURN OF 


THE OFFICERS Ot 


THE HRST BATTAUON 


OF THE 


COLDSTRE.lM FROM JANUARY TO JULY. 1814. 




1 PtBMIll. 


From. 


To 




AbsdDt. 


CauKofabeeace 


From 


To 


Lt.Cl. 


A. Woodford 
J.MBcdonell 
Georse Collier 
John HuaUtoD 


1 Jm. 


July 
at Jul. 
10 M>y 

July 


[.t.-G 
M.-G 


J. Cnlcnft, 1 

Warren M. l 
Peecwbe J 

Joseph Fuller 
Matth. Lord! 
Ajlmer i 
SirVjJberidan 


Leave 
Ditto 

Suff, Bt home 


I Jan. 


JnlT 




Sir H. Snlli- ) 
Tia. Bl. t 


Much 


14 Apr. 




/CoD». a Bri-I 

IgsdeinFrancel 




". 




Thomss Gore 


iJnn. 


11 Feb. 


r.t.ci. 


Priuuwr of irar 

f A»l.Qur.M'.l 




- 


Ciipt. 


Hon. W. U.l 
CroftoQ ; 
Thorniu Steele 






14 Apr. 
July 




R. D. Jackaou 
11. F. Bourerie 


{ G>.iiFr««e} 

f As". Adj'.Gi, 1 

f Ordered to 1 


■■ 


-■ 


" 


George Bewles 






«Apr. 
Jul, 




J. Maedonall 
George Collier 


i joinDetachi l 
I in Holland J 
(Died of hi.1 
I wouoda / 


iFeb. 
10 May 


I 




P. Suidiliuida 
lohn PriiKO 






9 Jan. 




SirH-Sulhiu 
FhoniMOore 


Killed BtBajonne 
/TojoinSfdB", 1 
\ on prom". / 


14 Apr 

15 Fob. 


" 


„ 


r. V, Harrej 






Jane 


Capt. 


Th. Barrow, l 

(.Maj., i 
W. Clinlop 1 

IVjnyird J 
Hon. W. U. ] 
Crofton / 


Leave in Eogla&d 


1 Jan. 


July 


Eoi. 


Ld.Hothun/ 






4 April 
Feb. 




fA.D.C. to 1 
I Wd:died J 




ff Apr. 


„ 


Hon. J. Bm» 






M.y 




Killed atBayonne 


14 Apt. 


— 










1.^ Feb. 




D.llucKinnon 


r Recruiting in 1 
{ England } 
SlaCathome 


IJas. 


July 




Chw. Shirley 






8 June 




iionJ.Wnlpole 








J.Drummond 






July 






fBng. Mai.tol 
lid brigade 








Hon. R. Moore 






„ 




Hen. Da<vkin» 


■ of Guards. 




SJDDC 




C.A. Gimrdol 






.. 






^ed^'tr?!;,"^^: 


9J(ine 


July 




Ed*. CliAon 










W. Burrougba 


Died of his 
K-oundd ) 


^Apr. 


_ 




Henr; Salwey 










J. Freeman- l 

tif. (Maj.) S 
John PrincH 


fA.D.C. tol 








G. G. Morgan 
Fred. VBchel) 






13 Mey 




i Marquis of \ 

I WelRngtonJ 
Lesve to England 


iJan. 

10 „ 


July 




Hob. J. Forbes 


Merch 


Jul, 




Ja. V. Hnrrcj 


/Sick, wound- 1 
{ ed.ioEng-. } 
fA.D.C. loi 

i the Duke of I 


June 






M illiBm Pitt 

Wm.Korlrigbl 


I Jan. 


(4 Apr. 

July 


.. 




IJan. 


.. 


., 


H, AmxytngB 


March 


,. 




Charles While 








Hon. \Vm. 1 










CnmbridEe J 
Prisoner of*-ar 








Rut'usHousI 








^V.Stotherl 






Adin'. 


Henry J. W.i 

Uentincl / 
E. Laacelles, 1 


April 
IJan. 


■■ 




J.L.Btackmiii> 
Beaumont i 
U.Hothum/ 


fTo)oin2dB=. 1 

1 onpromn. f 

Ditto do. 


a Apr. 
Feb. 


■■ 




(Capt.) 1 


■■ 1 .. 


W. Anstruther 


r Sick, wound- 1 
1 ed,IoEng*./ 
fToioinSdB". 1 
I on prom". X 


14 ,. 




g.M.. 

Surg. 


Benj. Selnsy 
niomas lloae 




Jun« 




Hon. J. Rous 


June 




AW. 1 

Sur.} 










CharleaSbirley 


Ditto do. 


9 June 




W. Whymper 




4 Jen. 


Kas. 


Fred. Vachell 


t Died of hi> 1 
i wounds J 


13 May 


- 




rhoe. Muyoird 




July 




Hon. J. Forbes 


WithVdbattaUon 
f Ditto 
i Died of fail 


1 Jin. 


Feb. 












WitUunPilt 




" " 














I wound. J 


MApr. 
















rTo FJigland 














Surg. 


Thomas Ri^ie 


J mchll^oof 
L lick 


June 


July 












A...1 

Sur.l 


W. Wbymper 


Leave to England 


3 Jan. 


- 






THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 305 

While the first battalion was engaged in driving the isi^ 
French oat of Spain, six companies of the second battalion 
of the Coldstream bad embarked at Greenwich for Holland , 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Adams, on the twenty-fourth 
of November, 1813, and landed at Scheveling on the 
sixth of December, from which place they marched to the 
Hague, and thence to Delft and Helvoet Slays. On the 
sixteenth they embarked and sailed to Williamstadt, and 
went to Steenbei^en, then moved into cantonments near 
Bergen-op*Zoom, and returned to Steenbergen on the 
ninth of January, where they were inspected on the twen- 
ty-first by his Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence. 
They passed through Esschen, West Wesel, and continued 
their route through Rosendale, Staebroeck, to Santvliet, 
for the purpose of attacking the fortress of Bergen-op- 
Zoom. 

Sir Thomas Graham had collected about four thousand 
British bayonets to carry this strong fortress by a coup- 
de-main ; for which purpose the troops were formed in 
four columns : two were to attack at different points ; the 
third was to make a false attack ; while the fourth 
attempted the entrance of the harbour, which was fordable 
at low water. Major-General Cooke led the left, and met 
with some impediments from the ice in crossing the ditch, 
but succeeded in gaining the rampart. The right column, 
under Major-General Skerret, forced itself into the town ; 
but that officer being wounded, and great loss sustained, 
much confusion prevailed. The centre column, which was 
driven back» formed again, and advanced to eflfect a junc- 
tion with the left column on the ramparts. At day-Ught 
the besieged turned the guns on the British, who were 
without protection on the out- works. General Cooke 
at length ordered the Guards to retreat, which was con- 
ducted in the steadiest and most soldier-Uke manner. 



206 



OlUUiN ANU SERVICES OF 



General Bizanet, the governor of the fortress, agreed to i 
fiuspension of hostilities. 

The loss of the British amounted to about three hundri 
killed, and one thousand eight hundred prisonera, amocgi 
whom were many wounded. 

The casualties in the Coldstream, during the eightV 
and ninth of March, were, Captain Shawe, severely 
wounded ; one rank and file killed, and about thirty takeo 
prisoners. 



The following is an extract from the Brigade Order :■ 
•' Hogerhyde, March 10, 1814. 

" Colonel Lord Proby returns fiis best thanks to 
" officers, non-coui missioned officers, and privates of 
" detachment from the third brigade of Guards who Wf 
" engaged in the attack upon Bergen- op- Zoom 
*' feels equally satisfied with the gallantry which they 
"displayed in the assault; with their steady couduct 
" during the many hours they maintained their position 
" upon the ramparts ; and with the soldierly and ordei 
" manner in which they effected the retreat. 

" Lord Proby particularly remarked the excellent coB*" 
" duct of the officers who commanded the advanc«di 
"party, and that which carried the ladders: Captdn 
" Rodney, Ensign Gooch, and Ensign Pardoe." 

The six companies of the second battalion of the Cold' 
stream were successively quailered at West Wesel, Mech- 
lin, Lippelo, and Dendermonde. They afterwards crossed 
the Scheld and took possession of Antwerp. On the 
third of August they moved to Mechlin, and entered Briu- 
sels next day. On the second of September the coloun 
and four companies joined from England, completing tl 
detachment to ten companies. 



i 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



20f 





Presam. 


M 


To 






:i813 


1814 




Lt.Ci. 


L.F^d«ii3«S"oF. 


Sepl. 


L'up,. 




H. LoftuB 




JUDE 


II 



ngAdjI:} 
...jMBbgb 

Chulei Sh>*e 
John Talbot 
G- H. Percivd 
W. G. Bajnea 



To 




Pre*,,,.. 


Fr^ml 


1B14. 








Jl Dec. 




(. Mills 
r.S Dun- 


Xo.. 


S*pl. 




K. Eyte 
r. Powy« 

HUoocL 


;: 


MUec. 




A. Cufler 


■• 



Sept. 

iliiee. 



„ W.L.W«ltoQ S*pt.31Dec. 

„ George Smith ,, 

„ Sept. Wonell I „ I March. 





OfficeniQined. 


Pnttm, 




Officenabrcnt 


CauMofabHDCe 


Abaent. 






From 


To 








From 


To 




1B14. 


1B14. 


1814. 


1814. 


Eoi. 
LL-Col. 


M.BMnfoT 
T. HacdoDoU 


May 


Oct. 
31 Dec. 

311?ee. 


Cipt. 
As'. 1 

Sur.l 


[ohnMilla 
S. WorreU 


Leave to En^uid 
t Ordered to 1 
t Eugluid ) 


Feb. 
April 


SI Dec. 


B>.SDn. 


W. WhTmpflr 


Mar^h 










rb< remuuof 

tho lecoad 
batulionem. 






Lt.C' 


Henry Loflu* 


Leare-Toletbat. 


July 










.. 


I. MacdooeU 


f Ordered (0 1 
{ joinl.tb.t.J 


Sept. 


.. 




btrknl for 








U F. Adtnu 


Ditto 








Holland «r 

Aujc. 1S14. 

H.F.Bouveti. 






C^ 


niomaa Bligh 


Ditto 




'_ 


Col. 


Aug. 


31 Dm. 




CbarleiShawe 


Ditto 






L1.-C0I. 


D.MicKiiiDoo 
Hon.J.WJ.i 




.Doe. 
SI „ 


'.', 


John Talbot 


Ditto 




".. 




pole ) 






G. H. Percinl 


Ditto 






Cpt. 


■• 


.Dec. 




C.Sbiriey 


Ditto 


„ 


„ 








|31 .. 


Em. 


r. S. Don-l 


Ditto 








Hon, J. Rous 




Oct. 




cou.be 1 






■■ 


f;S;... 


■■ 


>f&. 




Fr»Dci» Eyre 


Ditto 


„ 


„ 




Hon. R. Moore 








rhomas Poiryi 


Ditto 






Eu. 


H.F. Griffith. 
J. F. Buller 
John Moutun 


:; 


;; 


AdjaL 


C. A. F.Ben. 1 

tinck ; 


CaVos:-) 


., 


.. 




G.R. Buckley 






Cpt. 


Hod. J. Itoiu 


LesTeofabaence 


Oct. 






i»DM Hervej 
Henrr Vine 
¥. I. bouglu 


•• 




Em. 


Mark BetoToy 


Ditto 




No*. 




", 


Oct. 




F. I. Douglas 


Ditto 


„ 


HDec. 




R. Bowen 


{bw. 


Oct. 
SI Dec. 


„ 


Robert Bowen 


Ditto 


„ 


No». 




A. GoMon 


Aug. 




Lt.C'. 


D. MacKinnon 


Ditto 


Dec. 


31 Dm. 


QorV.M' 
Ai'Surg 


B. $«lwi; 
W. Hunter 








W. Gomm 


Ditto 






Col. 


Hon. Alfi.i 
Abercromby 1 


Oct. 




Cpt. 


I. L. Black- 1 


Ditto 


„ 




r,t.-Coi 


W. Gomn. 
H. nyndbam 


\o». 


.Dec. 
^1 .. 












Cipt. 


r. Sowerhy 


nit. 

Xo.. 


:: 














B. Lord Ho- 1 
















tl.am ; 




" 













208 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



CHAPTER XIII. 

Napoleon escapes from Elba — Prince Regent determines to join 
the Allies — Reinforcements sent to Belgium — Position of the 
Allies — Napoleon beads tbe northern army — His proclamation — 
Coldstream roarcb to Qnatre Bras — Battle of Waterloo. 

1815. At the Congress of Vienna it was made a question, 
whether St. Helena should be selected as the place of Na- 
poleon's future residence; the Duke of Wellington op- 
posed the measure, and it was ^ven up. Napoleon, who 
had been informed that the Allied Monarchs had it in 
contemplation to send him to that remote island, escaped 
from Elba in a brig, accompanied by three small vessels 
containing about eleven hundred men, among whom 
were one hundred dismounted Polish cavalry. On the 
first of March he landed near Cannes, in the Qulf of 
Juan, reached Lyons on the tenth, and ten days after 
made his triumphal entry into Paris, Louis the Eighteenth 
having fled to Ghent. 

A message was delivered to both Houses from the 
Prince Regent, declaring his intention to join the Allies. 

Austria, Russia, Prussia, and England ^ entered into an 
agreement not to lay down their arms till Napoleon was 
again deprived of the supreme power in France. 

The Coldstream left Brussels on the twenty-fourth of 

' The expenditure of England during tbe year 1815 amounted to 
upwards of one hundred and sixteen millions! 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 209 

March for Ath. The Prince of Orange at one timehad i8i5. 
determined to attack liUe; but this scheme was over- 
roled, and the Guards returned to Enghien. 

Reinforcements were ahnost daily sent from England ; 
all the troops that could be spared were hurried to the 
Low Countries; even those on their return from America 
were forwarded without disembarking: the exertions on 
the part of government were unremitting. 

At this period the Duke of Wellington was at Brus- 
sels : the right wing of his army in and about Ath was 
commanded by Lord Hill; the left, in the vicinity of 
Braine le Comte and Nivelle, was under the Prince of 
Orange ; the Earl of Uxbridge, with the cavalry, was sta- 
tioned about Grammont; the reserve was in the town and 
neighbourhood of Brussels. The forces under the Duke 
of Wellington amounted to seventy-eight thousand five 
hundred and five men, but the actual number in the field 
did not exceed sixty-four thousand, with one hundred and 
twenty guns,^ including twelve with the reserve. 

Napoleon quitted Paris on the twelfth, and on the four- Jane, 
teenth he placed himself at the head of his troops, to 
whom he addressed the following proclamation: — 

'* ArtBueBf Jane I4th. 

'* Soldiers! 

" This day is the anniversary of Marengo and Fried- 
*' land, which twice decided the destiny of Europe. Then, 
'^ as after the battles of Austerlitz and Wagram, we 
** were too generous. We believed in the protestations 
'* and oaths of princes, to whom we left their thrones. 
" Now however, leagued together, they strike at the in- 
" dependence and sacred rights of France. They have 
'' committed unjust aggressions. Let us march forward and 

* The Belginnfl bad also forty gnns. 
VOL. II. o 



210 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

i8t5. ^* meet them. Are we not still the same mea? Soldien ! 
""** " at Jena, these Prussians, now so arrogant, were thret 
'^ to one ; at Montmirail six to one. Let those who have been 
'^ captives to the English describe the nature of their priaon- 
'^ ships, and the sufFerings they endured. The SaiKMiB, 
<' the Belgians, the Hanoverians, the soldiers of the Con- 
^* federation of the Rhine, lament that they are obliged to 
'^ use their arms in the cause of princes, who are the 
^' enemies of justice, and destroyers of the rights of 
** nations. They well know the coaUtion to be insatiabie^ 
'^ After having swallowed up twelfe millions of Poles, 
'' twelve millions of Italians, one million of Saxons, mud 
** six millions of Belgians, they now wish to devour the 
'' states of the second order among the Germans. Med- 
'' men ! one moment of prosperity has bewildoed them. 
'^ To oppress and humble the people of France is out of 
'' their power ; once entering our territory, there they will 
'^ find their doom. Soldiers ! we have forced mairhee 
^^ before us, battles to fight, and dangers to enooonter ; 
^^ but firm in resolution, victory must be ours. The honour 
*^ and happiness of our country are at stake ! and, in short, 
'' Frenchmen, the moment is arrived when we most oon- 
" quer or die!" 

The French army of Flanders was composed d nearly 
twenty thousand men of the Imperial Guard, and fire 
corps d*armee, besides a force of about twelve thousand 
cavalry under Grouchy, and the Young Guard, which 
made, at a moderate calculation, a total of one hundred 
and fifty thousand men, with two hundred and ninetv-six 
pieces of artillery. 
Jaae i5ili. During the night of the fifteenth, Wellinirtan obtained 
information that the enemy had crosssed the Sambre, and 
were marching in f jif e on Charleroi and Flenrus ; the 
troops in their ditterent cantonments received orders 



Jane 16th. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 211 

to move on Nivelle^ where the Prince of Orange was ,^^^^; 
stationed. 

The Coldstream left Enghien at three o'clock in the 
morning of the sixteenth, and, after resting about four 
hours at Braine le Comte, pushed on to Quatre Bras, 
where only a small portion of the army was assembled. 
The division of Guards thus made a march of twenty-five 
miles. When tfie second brigade halted, the light com- 
panies were sent round on the left of the Bois de Bossu, in 
rear of the Brunswickers. 

The Coldstream did not reach the position until about 
four o'clock in the afternoon ; and notwithstanding their 
fatigue, inunediately deployed in support of the First 
Guards. That brigade was at the time engaged with the 
enemy, and greatly distinguished itself, though not without 
suffering severely. After clearing the wood, they retired, 
and the Ught companies of the second brigade under Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Macdonell took the advance ; on his right 
were detachments from the battaUon companies of the 
Third Guards under Lieutenant-Colonel Home, which 
communicated with tfie Brunswickers. Lieutenant-Colonel 
Daniel MacKinnon, with four companies, went in support. 
The troops maintained their ground with firm intrepidity, 
and repulsed at all points the repeated efforts of a laige 
body of cavalry under Kellerman, who made frequent and 
desperate charges, seconded by two corps d'arm^e and a 
considerable preponderance in artillery. At the close of day 
the firing ceased. Marshal Ney then rallied on the height 
of Frasnes. The loss of the AlUes amounted to about four 
thousand men ; that of the French to rather more. 

The British cavalry and the remainder of the army came 
up during the night. 

While !Ney was endeavouring to force the position at 
Quatre Bras, in which he was unsuccessful. Napoleon at- 
tacked and defeated the Prussians at St. Amand and 



212 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



Ligny. During tlie night. Marshal Blucher, who found' 
himself, after the loss of fifteen thousand men, too weak 
to retain his position at Sonibreff, retired to concentrate 
on Wavre. It was not till the morning of the seventeentll 
, that the disaster of the Prussians was known at Quatrd 
Bras. 

Wellington in consequence made a corresponding move^ 
ment: at ten o'clock his army fallback in perfect ordM 
through Genappe on Waterloo. The two light companieal 
of the second brigade of Guards, being ordered to maa 
the retreat on the right, did not leave the ground till pat 
two o'clock, 

A body of the enemy's Lancers, supported by masses a 
cavalry, attempted to harass the rear: they were braveljr-l 
attacked on their advance from Genappe by the Seventh 
Hussars, who failed, after a gallant effort. Colonel Elley 
had however taken the precaution to order the First Life 
Guards to be prepared : that celebrated body of men then 
charged with the most determined impetuosity, and over- 
threw the French cavalry. About five p- m. the allied 
army had taken up its position, which crossed the roads 
from Nivelle and Charleroi. In front of the Nivelle road 
was the chateau and garden of Hugomont; fronting t! 
left centre was the farm of La Haye Sainte. 

The enemy, with the exception of Marshal Grouchy*8 ^ 
corps, detached for the purpose of observing the Prussians, 
were on the opposite heights; the space between was 
open, and the two armies were not more than three 
quarters of a mile from each other; in some places nearer. 
Before the position was a gentle descent. The second 
brigade of Guards was situated on the right of the centre, 
and crowned the !loi>e above Hugomont, The chateau of 
Hugomont faced the enemy without any external fence in 
its front. Behind it was the farm-yard, protected on the 
left and rear by a wall, and on the right by farm buildings. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 213 

To the left of the house and yard was a garden surrounded 1815. 
by a wall, and to the left of that» but adjoining^ there was 
an orchard inclosed by a hedge and ditch. A large gate 
in the rear led into the yard, and through that supplies 
were received during the action; two other entrances to < 

the yard were closed up. Outside of the buildings on the 
right there was a road and a high hedge. A wood in 
front, which stretched some distance to the right, covered 
this post.^ 

Although the number of disposable troops under Wel- 
lington at the opening of the campaign has been stated at 
sixty-four thousand, yet, after deducting the corps of obser- 
vation, which consisted of five thousand men, under Prince 
Frederick of Orange at Halle» and the four thousand lost 
at Quatre Bras, the Duke*s force at Waterloo cannot be 
rated at more than fifty-five thousand. 

The army under Napoleon has always been estimated at 
one hundred and fifty thousand men. Supposing he lost 
twelve thousand at Ligny, Quatre Bras, and on the seven- 
teenth; allowing also for the corps with Grouchy, which 
might amount to forty-five thousand, there remains a nu- 
merical superiority of at least thirty-eight thousand. 

The battle of Waterloo has been so often described, that 
it is proposed to confine the narrative as much as possible 
to those particulars which strictly relate to the part taken 
in the conflict by the second brigade of Guards and the 
light companies of the first brigade. 

Soon after the Guards reached the position, the light 
companies^ were sent to the post of Hugomont. The 



' See plan of Hogomont. 

' The first brigade of Goards was composed of the second 
and third battalions of the First Goards, under Major-General Mait- 
land ; the second brigade, of the second battalion of the Cold- 
stream, and the second battalion of the Third Guards, under Major- 
General Byn^. 



214 OUIGIM AND SERVICES OF 

light compimies of the second brigade took possession' 
of the orchard for a short time, after which they were 
placed in the wood; the two hght companies of th« 
firBt brigade under Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Saltoun then 
occupied the orchard. The enemy had also despatched 
a party to the chateau, who, on perceiving the advance 
of the detachment, made a rush to get first into the place: 
the two parties came in contact: after an exchange of 
shots Saltoun secured the post. He was reinforced by 
three companies of Hanoverian Yagers ; these men joined'' 
the advance piquet under Captain Evelyn and Ensign 
Standen of the Third Guards. 

The light companies of the second brigade, composed of 
the light infantry of the Coldstream under Lieutenant-Co- 
lonel Henry Wyndham, and that of the Third under Lieute- 
nant-Colonel Charles Dashwood, covered the right of the 
chateau. Those of the first brigade communicated from 
the orchard with the wood. These companies therefore 
during the night acted as piquets to the force under Liea- 
tenant- Colon el Macdonell in the chateau, who had been 
detached with the light companies of the second brigade, 
and on whom, as senior officer, the command devolved. 
He reached Hugoraont about seven in the evening, and 
was unceasingly employed in preparing for its defence. 

AJler the brigade bad taken up their ground, heavy 
rain fell, accompanied by wiud, lightning, and load 
thunder: the position was chiefly covered with standing 
com, but the Coldstream occupied a bean-field bearing a 
yonng crop a few inches high, which soon became knee 
deep in mire, and every vestige of vegetation disappeared. 
A recollection of the recent unexpected attack on the 
Prussians, the proximity of the enemy, the fury of the 
storm, and the darkness of the night, kept the battalion on 
the alert till dawn appeared. 

On the morning of the eighteenth, as additionsl 



I 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 215 

of strengthening the place, loop-holes were made in the ibi5. 
building and garden-walls of Hngomont. Platforms were 
also erected, and the gates barricaded, with the exception 
of one in the rear, which was left open intentionally : these 
precautions assisted materially in making good the most 
memorable defence perhi^ps recorded in the annals of 
modem war&re.^ 

Previous to the battle, the Duke of Wellington, at- 
tended by his staff, rode through the wood of Hugomont, 
where he saw lieutenant-Colonel Macdonell, told him he 
would be immediately attacked, and gave orders to 
*^ defend the post to the last extremity." 

At ten o'clock the light companies of the Guards were 
relieved by a battaUon of eight hundred Nassau light 
troops: part of this corps was stationed in the lofts, 
buildings, yards, and out-offices ; the remainder, with the 
Hanoverian Yagers, were distributed in the orchard and 
wood. Lord Saltoun then joined the second brigade on the 
position. lieutenant-Colonel Macdonell with his companies 
moved to the right of the chateau. 

At twenty minutes past eleven o*clock, the first gun 
was fired fix>m a battery in front of the second brigade of 
Guards ; it made a gap for a moment in the head of the 
column commanded by Prince Jerome Buonaparte, as it 

* A truly characteristic trait of the Dake of Welliog^n occurred 
on the morning of the hattle of Waterloo. 

General Alava went from Brussels to join his Grace, and found 
him in a tree ohserring the morements of the French army. 
On the Duke taming round and seeing General Alava, he called 
out, *' How are you, Alava? Buonaparte shall see to-day how 
a General of Sepoys can defend a position ! " — a remark which 
showed at once his contempt for an opinion given of him by 
Buonaparte, and a confidence in himself and in his troops, ac- 
companied with a degree of cheerfulness almost amounting to 
an assurance of victory. 



216 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



moved to the attack on Hugomcnt.' The advance of tbs 
enemy was covered by a " tremendous cannonade " on the 
whole Ihie frgm upwards of two hundred guns. i 

Shortly after the action had commenced, the tiralleur* 
drove the Nassau battalion and the company of IIaao> 
verian Yagers through the wood to the rear of the chateau^ 
This attack was repulsed by the two companies of tha 
second brigade. The French were fast closing round, 
when Macdonell charged and drove them back on their 
advancing columns. These attempts were vigorously 
repeated for an hour and a half, but each time they failed. 

About one o'clock a cart of ammunition, which had 
been sent for early in the day, was brought into the farm- 
yard of Hugomont, and proved most seasonable. Th« 
men had only time to fill their pouches, when a dischai^ 
of artillery suddenly burst upon them, mingled with tha 
sliouts of a column rushing on to a fresh attack. A cloud 
of tiralleurs pushed through the wood and com-Belds t 
they were aimed at with latal certainty from the loojv 
holes, windows, and summit of the building. But the 
enemy eventually compelled the few men that remained 
outside to withdraw into the chateau by the rear gate. la 
the mean time, the French redoubled their efforts against 
it, and the tire of the immediate defenders of that poiot 
for a moment ceased. The gate was then forced. At 

' " About ten o'clock he commenced a furious nltack upoB 
" o\ir post at Hogomoiit. 1 had uccupied that post with a detach- 
" metit from General Byng'a hrigade of Guards, vrhich m 
" silion in its rear ; and it waa for some time under the c 
"of Lieutenant-Cotonel Macdonell, and aflcrwarda of Colood^ 
" Home : and I am happy to add that it waa maintained lliroughovt 
'* with the utiuoat gallantry by those brave troops, notwithstanding 
" the repeated efforts of large bodies of the enemy to obtain poite*- 
■• »ion of it"— Duke of Wellington's Dispatch. Waterloo, July i 
lOlh, 1815. 



I 

4 
^ 





THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 



217 



thia critical motnent, Macdonell rushed to the spot with 
the oflScers and men nearest at hand, and not only expelled 
the assailants, but recloeed the gate. The enemy from 
their overwhelming numbers again entered the yard, when 
the Guards retired to the house, and kept up from the 
windows such a destructive fire, that the French were 
driven out, and the gate once more was closed. 

General Foy having chased the Nassau troops before 
him, passed through the wood and surrounded the cha- 
teau : all attempts to rally these men proving fruitless. 
Lieu tenant- Colonel MacKinnon with the Grenadiers and 
first company moved to the support of the place, and the 
enemy were forced back. Lieutenant- Colonel Acheson 
then joined: the whole followed in pursuit and entered 
the wood, where they were received with an incessant dis- 
charge of small arms. Colonel Woodford left the seventh 
and eighth companies in the position for the protection 
of the colours, and brought down the rest of the battalion. 
The third and fourth companies of the Third Guards 
were also sent to Hugomont under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Home, and occupied the hollow way near the entrance of 
the wood ; these were succeeded by other detachments of 
equal strength from the same regiment. 

On the retreat of the Nassau troops, Lord Saltoun with 
the light companies of the first brigade was again ordered 
to Hugomont, and recovered the orchard, and also part of 
the wood in its front; the latter, however, there was no 
possibility of holding in opposition to the vast superiority 
of the enemy. Lord Saltoun therefore made occasional 
sallies from the orchard: his orders were, in the event 
of its being forced, to retire into the chateau; but he 
defended it against every attempt. 

The entrance of the wood was attacked in the most 
gallant manner by the Coldstream. The companies under 



218 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

1815. Colonel Woodford cheered, and after chaining, opened a 
fire» but the powerful resistance they met with could not 
be overcome. This officer therefore retired, and entered 
Hugomont. 

Afterwards the enemy exerted themselves to carry the 
orchard. They twice got possession of the hedge, but 
gained no further ground, as the defenders were firm, 
and the troops on the garden wall which overlooked 
the orchard poured in a cross fire and occasioned them 
severe loss. 

A detachment from the Third Guards, and the grenadiers 
of that corps, with fifty Hanoverian riflemen under Lord 
Saltoun, bravely charged a howitzer, but did not succeed. 
This, however, had the effect of stopping any thing further 
on that side, and the enemy contented themselves with 
firing fi'om behind a ditch which ran nearly parallel to the 
hedge and ditch in front of the orchard. 

At two o'clock, Lord Saltoun was relieved by Lieu-> 
tenant*Colonel Mercer of the Third Guards, who arrived 
with reinforcements. The Third Guards had been moved 
for the purpose of support by detachments of two compa- 
nies at intervals, and after Colonel Woodford entered 
Hugomont with the Coldstream, they occupied the orchard, 
under Colonel Hepburn. 

The enemy were undaunted in their attacks ; but Hugo- 
mont was defended with a calm and stubborn gallantry, 
that alone could have enabled so small a force to resist the 
repeated and fierce assaults of nearly thirty thousand 
men, (rf whom the second French corps was composed. 
The cross discharge from the artillery was incessant : the 
bursting of shells set part of the building in flames, and 
as the fire extended to the chapel and stables, many of 
the wounded soldiers of the Coldstream perished. The 
Guards, nevertheless, at no time exceeding two thousand 







?»■ 



t-.. '-^V 






^S^^^'^-^-^M.P'-^C^'^ P 



■J ' 







A Great Gate. 

B Arched Gate. 

r Farm IIoiiac. 

D Bam. 

E Barn-doom. 

F Chapel. 

G Pigeon-house. 

H Blackman's Tomb. 

I Little Garden. 

K Wood Pales. 

I. Vegetable (rarden. 

M Garden. 



N Walls separating the Garden from 

the Orchard, &c. 
O Ruins. 

P Gaps into the Orchard and Field*. 
Q Field leading to Mon Plai^ir, where 

Jerome Buonaparte v^hh. 
R Lane. 
8 High Hedge. 
T Hollow Way. 

V Pathways. 

V I^ne leadinj; to Nivelle Road. 



THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 219 

men,i maintained the post amidst the terrible confla- , ^^^* ^ 

* June loth, 

gration within, and the murderous fire of the enemy from 
without When the contention terminated, the French 
dead lay piled round the chateau, in the wood, and 
every avenue leading to it.* 

'' Farewell, sad Field! whose blighted face 
Wears desolation's withering trace ; 
Long shall my memory retain 
Thy shatter'd huts and tramped grain. 
With every mark of martial wrong, 
That scathe thy towers, fair Hugomont! 
Yet though thy garden's green arcade 
The marksman's fatal post was made ; 
Though on thy shatter'd beeches fell 
The blended rage of shot and shell ; 
Though from thy blacken'd portals torn. 
Their fall thy blighted fruit-trees mourn. 
Has not such havock brought a name 
Immortal in the rolls of fame ? 
Yes, — Agincourt may be forgot. 
And Cressy be an unknown spot. 

And Blenheim's name be new ; 
But still in story and in song. 
For many an age remember 'd long. 
Shall live the towers of Hugomont 

And field of Waterloo." » 



* Exclusive of the eight hundred Nassau light troops and three 
companies of Hanoverian riflemen. 

' The following is an extract from the Duke of Wellington's 
dispatch: — ** It gives me the greatest satisfaction to assure your 
" lordship that the army never upon any occasion conducted itself 
*' better. The division of Guards under Lieutenant-General Cooke, 
" who is severely wounded, Major-General Maitiand, and Major- 
" General Byng, set an example which was followed by ail." 

Silver medals were given to every officer and soldier present 
during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth. See medal. 

* Walter Scott. 



220 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 



LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED IN THE SECOND BRIGADE OF GUARI>^ 
INCLUDING THE LIGHT COAIPANIES OF THE FIRST BRIGADE. 

FIRST REGIMENT OF FOOT GUARDS. 

OFFICERS PRESENT AT THB BATTLB OF WATERLOO. 



Com- 
pany. 


Rank. 


Names 


Remarks. 


Com- 
pany. 


Rank. 


Names. 


Remaiks. 


Light 1 
Com- 1 
pany, f 
2d Bat. J 


Lt.-CoL 
Capt. 

»t 
Fjisign 


W.H.Milne 
r. Brown 
F. F. Luttrell 
A. Greville 


Killed. 
Wounded. 


Light 1 
Com- 
pany. 
3d Bat. 


Lt.-Col. 
Capt. 


LordSaltoon 
Ed. Grose 
C. P. Ellis 


Commanding. 
Wounded. 



Grenadier Guards Orderly- Room. 



COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 

OFFICERS PRESENT AT THB BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 



Com- 
pany. 



Gre- 
nadier' 



First 



Se- 
cond ' 



Rank. 



Third 



Colonel 

Lt.-Col. 

Capt. 
Ensign 

Lt.-Col. 

Capt. 
Ensign 

Colonel 

Ensign 
tt 

Lt.-Col. 

Capt. 

Ensign 
t* 



Names. 



A. Woodford 

D. MacKinnon 

£. Sumner 
H. F. Griffiths 

J. Macdonell 



T Sowerby 
I. Montagu 

Hon.AAber- 
crorabie 
Hon. J. Forbes 
A. Cuyler 



Remarks. 



{ 



Commands, 
the battD. 



Wounded. 
Acting 2nd 
Major. 
Died of his 
wounds, 26 
June. 
Wounded. 



{Act«r.l*tMaj. 
Detached to 
Hugomont 



Wounded. 



)( 



SirW.Gomm 

T. S. Cowell 

H. Vane 
Hon.W.Forbes 



Assist. Qur.- 
Maif.-Gen'. 



Com- 
pany. 



Rank. 



Names. 



Fourth 



h 



Lt.-Col. Hon.E. Ache- 1 
I son J 

J. L. BlackmanI Killed. 
A. Gordon 



II _^»Pt' 



Staff. 

Staff. 

r Taken sick 
! evening of 
I 17th, went 
I to Brussels. 

Wounded. 



Fifth! 

Sixth { 

Se- 1 
▼enth J 

Eighth { 

Light 1 

In- I 

fantry j 

Staff 



Ensign 
Ensign 



*t 



1st Bat. 



Lt.-Col. 
Capt. 

Capt. 
Ensign 

Lt.-Col. 
Ensign 

Capt. 

ft 
Ensign 



Adjut. 1 
Capt. / 

Qu^ M'. 

Surgeon 
Asst. 1 

Surf. / 

»» »» 
Lt.-Col. 



R. Bowen 
J. F. Douglas 
C. Short 

H. Wyndham 
Lord Hotham. 

G. Bowles 
J. Hervey 

H. Dawkins 
M. Beaufoy 

W. L. Walton 
Hon. R. Moore 
H. Gooch 

A. F. Bentinck 

B. Selway 
jW. Whymper 

George Smith 

W. Hunter 
Freemantle 



Remarks. 



Wounded. 



Acts. Adjutaat. 
Wounded. 



D.A.Adj.Gea>. 



Staff. 



Coldstream Orderly -Room. 



THE COLDSTR£AM GUAHDS. 
THIRD REGIMENT OF FOOT GUARDS. 



Gte- 1 
Pint I 

Thirfl 
Fourth { 



Ll.-Col. 
Cmpt. 



U-Col. 
Ckpt. 



F. Home 

R. B. Hesketli 

taho Album 

E. Bointer 
r. Cmrford 
B. Dnimmaiii 

H.S.BlMie 

H. HawViiu 

VV.JUOM 

W.F.HuDilbiD 
D. Mercer 



E. B. FurGeld 
r. Wedgwood 
A.C.Cachnne 

H. W. Rooke 
J. W. Moor- 1 
HoD.E.S(op-i 



Acti. iad H>j. 

Wouuded. 

KiUed. 

WoDKded. 
Killed. 
Acting Adjal. 



Lijbl 



r Killed. 

j (A.D.C.to 

L Forcei.) 



-A. D. C. to 
' Hii..Gani. 
I SirJ.Birnf. 



H. Forbei 
R. H. Wigston 

ChirlM Lake 



- Waterloo. 
WoDDded. 
Wounded. 



Cbtrles Weit 
Montgomerie 

I. Praadergaet 
H. B. Moatagn 

C. Duhwood 

lobu Elrinilon 
G. D. Suodei 



S.Good 

P. G. Hanrott 

J. R. WanI 



r Killed. 

J (A.D.C.tc 

J CQm.ortlu 



Killed. 
(Bri|.-Maj. 
to Sod Brig. 
, oTGoarda.) 



Scot* Fnailiar Giutdi Orderly-Raton. 
RETURN OF KILLED. WOUNDED. AND MI8SIKG, ON THE 18th OF JUNE, 1815 





i 

6 


1 


1 


S 
I" 


i 
1 


IM 


Sfcood Baitslion, Coldgtream Guards, killed 

wounded ■ 

Socond Battalion. Third Guarda. iLillBj"'"'"'? '. 


2 


e 

3 
3 


3 


10 


i" 


53 

3 

t78 



—London Gaietle, 8th Julr, IBU. 

* Died of their iroandi, 1 Lieotenant, 1 aeiieaot. tT rank and file. 
f Diedof their woiiiKla,3aeriaanti,3cori>0Ta]i, 41 rank and file. 
The loM of the two U^t eompaniea of the aecond and third battaliona of the First Guvda i* 
included in the retnmt of tbeir reapeetiTe battaliooa. 



2SB ORIGIN AND SERHCES OF 

Waterloo exemplifies in a high degree that obstinate 
and determined courage under fire which the troops of 
Great Britain had attained in the school of Wellington. 
In giving some account orthis battle as far as the Guards 
were concerned, the writer has had the gratification of 
concluding his work by exhibiting the part taken by them 
in that memorable conflict. 

The state of Enrope at that time ia well known. The 
policy of Wellington was to act on the defensive, not to 
seek an action, nor yet to i-etreat before Napoleon. A 
million of bayonets were advancing from all parts of the 
Continent to put down hia newly-resumed power; but they 
were not yet all assembled. The scheme of the Emperor 
was to attack and defeat in detail the several armies by 
which he was to be opposed. The French were suffi- 
ciently powerf"ul to justify such an expectation. The 
Prussians, overthrown on the sixteenth of June, had re- 
tired in disorder. Tlie next and most important object of 
Napoleon was the destruction of the| English; this com- 
pleted, the other armies might be panic-struck, and the 
confederacy against France dissolved. The Belgians 
detested the Dutch connexion, and the Russians being 
paralysed, the Emperor of Austria, finding the scale of 
chances balanced, was not unlikely to declare for his son- 
in-law. Had these events taken place, France no longer 
checked, and the star of Napoleon regaining the ascen- 
dant, the liberties of Europe would once more have been 
trampled under the feet of his victorious legions. Such 
were the natural anticipations of the French, should they 
triumph. The struggle, therefore, with the Enghsh was 
not one of common occurrence; the contest was for su- 
premacy, for glory, for every thing held most dear by the 
gallant and chivalrous troops of France. 

The enemy chose liis ground, his time, and mode of 




THE COLDSIHEAM GUARDS. 223 

attack; his troops were fiur more numeroas, and were i8i5. 
animated by their recent victory over the veteran Blocher, 

To insure success, the energies and experience of the 
great and comprehensive mind of Napoleon were concen- 
trated. The recollections of the rivalship of the two na- 
tioDSy of their military predcuninance in Europe, of sol* 
diers raised to the rank of Generals and afterwards to 
thrones, were revived in the French army, by all those arts* 
the practice of which, a long and intimate acquaintance 
with the French character had taught Napoleon. He 
called on his veterans to conquer, and told them the day 
was arrived for retrieving the disasters of the Russian 
campaign, of Dresden, Leipsic, Montmartre, and Paris. 
The Emperor called not in vain; promotion, pillage, and 
revenge flashed before the ardent and inflamed imagi- 
nations of the French soldiery. The triumphs of Marengo 
and AusterUtz animated them with hope; their former 
conquests, their valour, their numbers, and the well- 
known talents of their chief, made them feel secure of 
victory. Every soldier in the Imperial army was sen* 
sible of the importance of the day : Ns^leon took ad- 
vantage of their enthusiasm, and with infinite skill made 
his preparations. 

The advance of the French at Waterloo was covered by 
an immense artillery ; their native courage was heightened 
by every sentiment that can stimulate the human breast. 

Wellington, aware of the enemy with whom he had to 
contend, was also well acquainted with the quality of his 
own troops, and relied on their cool and steady bravery. 
He baffled throughout the day the repeated attacks of 
the French cavalry and infantry. His right was thrown 
back on a ravine near Merke Braine ; on the left his com- 
munication with Marshal Blucher at Wavre was open 
through Ohaine. 



224 ORIGIN AND SERVICES OF 

The Frencb colamns rushed on, supported by their 
splendid cavalry ; the Imperial Guard being in reserve. 
Their numbers and the renown of their Emperor gave 
a vigour to their movements, not easy to be withstood. 

After many severe repulses, N'apoleon thought the 
moment had arrived to throw in bis reserve and decide 
the day ; a mancBuvre by which he bad so often triumphed 
over his opponents. His Imperial Guards were ordered 
to advance and charge the British squares. Labedoyere 
flew to the front, exclaiming, " Courage, mes enfant ! 
the English waver, and will give way ! charge those 
squares, and the day is oursl" The bullets of the 
hitherto invincible Imperial Guard whistled through the 
British ranks, and the French cavalry chained with the 
determination of men accustomed to vanquish. After 
heroic deeds bad been performed by the Imperial Guard, 
these fine troops, the first soldiers of the European Con- 
tinent, remained on the field, a monument of their des- 
perate valour and of the futility of their attempts to 
shake the impenetrable battahons opposed to them.' -_ 



' " Nout lea bvodb ' 
" d'.Mbion, formes ec 
" bois d'Hougoumont 
" araient. pour arrivei 



ut, au jour de notre d^tadre, ces enftaa 
bataillons cairns dana la plains entre le 
et le village de Moot Saial-Jean. IIi 
H ceiie formaiioii compacte, double et re- 



" doubt6 leurs ranga aptuaieun reprises. La caraleriequi les ap- 
" puyait fut taillfe en pieces, le feu de lenr arlillerie fnt tleiat. 
" Lea ofGciera-g^D^raux et d'elat-major galopaient d'uD carr^ i 
" I'autre, iacertaina oil ill trooveraient nn abri : cbariota, blemia, 
" parca de reserve, (roDpea auxiliairei fuyaieut k la d^bandade 
" Ten Bruxelles. La mort ^tail detant enn el dana \eun ranga ; 
" la bonte derri^re. En celle terrible occurrence, lea boulets de 
" In Garde Imp^riale. laoc^ k brftle-pouqioint, et la caralene de 
" Prance victorienae, ne purent pa* entamer rimmobile infaDlerie 
" Britannique. On eflt tit lenl^ de croire qn'elle avail prii racine 
" dana la terre, li ae* balailloDi ne k fuaaent ^branUa majectD- 




THE COLDSTREAM GUARDS. 226 

Then it was that Wellington ordered the line of infantry iMS. 
to advance, and instantly the immoveable British squares 
that had stood firm as their native rocks, insensible to 
ballets, to charges of cavalry, and to death, insensible to 
every thing but their duty, moved forward, driving the 
enemy before them with all the attendant consequences of 
panic, confusion, and irretrievable ruin. 

In other battles, positions have been selected with judg- 
ment, and defended with courage; but the strong intrench- 
ments at Genappe were carried by the French levies under 
Dumourier, and the redoubts of Borodino were insufficient 
to stop the advance of Napoleon on the ancient capital of 
the Czars. At Waterloo there were no works of military 
art to cover the British army. They had, and required 
no protection but their arms, nor any shelter but their 
matchless discipline, to enable them to repel the furious 
assaults of an enemy bent on forcing their position. Their 
unflinching resistance at first perplexed the scientific cal- 
culations of the Emperor, then changed his confidence into 
anxiety, and finally drove him to that state of despe- 
ration which flies to a last great efibrt as its only hope. 
He had promised victory to his soldiers ; he threw his 
veterans forward, and failed. Up to this period a large 



« 



ensement quelques minutes apr^s le coucher da soleil, alors qne 
<' Tarriv^e de Tarni^e Pnissienne apprit k Wellington que, graces 
" an nombre, graces k la force d'inertie, et pour prix d'avoir su 
'' ranger de braves gens en bataille, il venait de remporter la 
** Yictoire la plus decisive de notre kge,** — Hitioire de la Guerre tie 
la Pimasule tout NapoUon; par le Giniral Foy. Vol. i. page 322. 

Napoleon said, '* Even the Old Guard could make no impression 
on them: their fire was dreadful; and, as to charging, you might 
as well charge stone walls." 

** La gloire de Tarm^e Britannique lui vient avant tout de son 
" cxcellente discipline, et de la bravoure calme et tranche de la 
'^ nation." — General Foy, vol. i. page 269. 

VOL. II. P 



»'»- 



• J 



-^ - ri.:. J. L^ w 



1. lilt ITt't Urt:! Vli: "i.iT S. HILIT ?Xl!!rH 



\r:Li :ir i:*t i-~hr'i * :c iiitii:^ I'l'inCiiinr. -iiisr c: 

••fT-.liI l1 TTTt^r^. Ulil lilt 21rfrn VL*- "lUSiT Z^WX^ 

Lii rvtTT iii:=ZL rr.iTL lilt rTiiin.! .»L » iucx ii**Tr 
T:_iis^ vLr "Lilt :»Liiit :•: ^Lisfix subsusL : "ait 

itertiaiiix Lii- j7.7::zLij ski— Tit r»s5: r-Dro* of 
Ttrt .:. lijt iftij". tiii lit rrstj: s- Dirz&r^t of 




APPENDIX 



APPENDIX. 



For tbe Honoaralile WiHiam Lenlhal, Esqiii 
FarlianienI of England.' 

Sir, 

I hope il is not ill taken, that I make no more frequent ad- 
dresses to tbe Parliament: things thnt are a{ trouble in point of 
provinjon for your army, and of ordinary direction, I have, as I contd, 
often presented to the Council of State, Ic^ether with such c; 
rences as hare happened, who I am inre, ss tbcy have not beeo 
wanting in their extraordinary care, and profition for as. ao neither 
what tbe; judge lit and necessary to represent tbe ei 
Ibis I Ihongbt to be a sufficient discharge of my duly on that behalf. 

1( halb now pleased God to bestow a mercy upon you, worthy your 
knowledge, and of the utmost praise and thanks of all that fear and 
love his name. yea. the mercy is far above all praise, which that you 
may the belter perceive, 1 shall lake the boldness to tender u 
some circumstances accompanying this great business, which will 
manifest the greatness and season ah leo ess of this mercy. We having 
tried what we c«u!d lo engnge the enemy three or four n 
Edinburgh, that proving ineSecluat, and our victual failing, we 
marched towards our ships for a recruit of our want, the enemy did 
not at all trouble us in our rear, but marched the direct way towards 
Edinburgh, and partly in tbe night and morning, slips through his 
whole army, and quarters himself in a posture easy to interpose be- 
tween us and our victual, but the Lord made btm lose the opportunity, 
and the morning proving exceeding wet and dark, we recovered by 



vol. 478.— British Masenm. 



23U 
tbal til 



APPENDIX. 
> gTonBd irhNC Uwy c 



le it <n« light, into > groniid wbne Ibcy conld n 
from oDTTtctnal; which wu a Ugh act of the Lord's ptOTid«n 
We faeiag come into the t>id groaoA, the enemy marched into the 
grooDd «e «ere last npon, hBiing no mitid either to strire to interpoae 
between dj and oar Tictual, or to fight, being indeed upon Ihii lock, 
hoping that the lickneM of yonr army would render their work. mor« 
easy by the gaining of time; whereupon we marched to Mnulehurgh 
to Ticlual, and to ihip away our lirk men, where we kqI aboard near 
five bandred lick and woanded loldiera ; and npoD sertoos coadde- 
ratioD finding oar weakoeti so to mcrease, and the enemy lying npon 
Ilia adTantages, at a general conncil it wat Ihooght fit to march to 
Dunbar, and there to fortiry the town, which we tbonghl, if any tbins, 
would proTQke them to engage, as abo Ibat the hating of a garrisoa 
there, would furniih os with accommodation for oar tick men, wonld 
be a place for a good magaiia (which we exeeedinglv wanted), beine 
pot to depend upon the uncertainty of weather for landing proviaioDs, 
which many timea cannot be done, though the being of the whole amy 
lay upon it, all the coaat from Leith to Berwick not haring one good 
harbour; as also to lie more conTeniently to receive our recrtiila of 
horae and foot from Berwick. I 

Having these considerations, apon Saturday the thirtieth of Augnat, * 
we marched from Mnsslebnrgb to Haddington, where by that time we 
bad got the van brigade of our horse, and our foot and train into iheir 
quarters, the enemy was marched with tbat exceeding expeditioD, Ihkt 
they fell upon the rear forlorn of our horae, and put it in some disor~ 
der, and indeed had like to have engaged our rear brigade of borM 
with their whole army, bad not the Lord by his providence pat a cloud 
over the moon, thereby giving us opportunity to draw off those hone 
to the rest of the army, which accordingly was done without any low, 
fave of three or four of our aforementioned forlorn, wherein the 
enemy (as we believe) received more loss. The army being put into m 
reasonable secure posture, towards midnight the enemy attempted our 
quarters on Ihe west end of Haddington, hut (through the goodnesa of 
God) we repulsed them. The next morning we drew into an cq)en 
field, on the sonth side of Haddington, we not judging it safe for us to 
draw to the enemy upon bia own ground, be being prepossessed thereof, 
but rather drew back, to give him way to come to us, if he had ao 
thought fit. And having wailed about the space of four or five hours, 
(o see if he would come to us; and not finding any inclinatioD in th« 
enemy ao to do. we resolved to go according to our first iuteodmeut to 
Dunbar. By that time we bad marched three or four miles, we saw 
■ome bodies of the enemy's horse draw out of their quarters, and hy 
that time oui carriages were gotten near Dunbar, their whole army 
was upon thejr march after lu; and indeed our drawing back in Ibi* 
manner, with the addition of three new regimenU added to them, did 



k 




APPENDIX. 



231 



oiicli heighten their confidence, if not preminption and aiTDgancy. 
The enemy that nighl, ne percejred, gathered towards the bills, 
tnboaring to make a perfect interposition between us and Berwick; 
and having in this postare a great advantage, through his belter know- 
ledge of the coanlry, which be eSected by sending a considerable party 
to the atrait pass at Copperspcth, where ten men to hinder, are better 
than forty to make their way. And truly this was an exigent to us, 
wherewith the enemy reproached us with that condition the Par- 
liament's axray was in, when il made its hard conditions with the King 
in Cornwall ; by some reports that have come to us, they bad disposed 
of us. and of their business, in sufficient revenge and wrath lonardt 
oar persons and had swallowed up the poor interest of England, 
believing that their army and their King would have marched to Lon- 
don without any inlermplion ; it being told Qs. we know not how 
truly, by a prisoner we took the night before the flight, that Ibeir 
King was very suddenly to come amongst them with those English 
tliey allowed to be about him ; bnt in what they were thus lifted up, 
the Lord was above tbem. The enemy lying in the posture before men- 
tioned. having those advantages, we lay very near him, being sensiblo 
of our disadvantage, having some weakness of flesb, bat yet consola- 
tion and support from the Lord himself to our poor weak faith, 
wherein I believe not a few amongst us shared, that because of 
their numbers, because of their advantages, because of their con- 
fidence, because of our weakness, because of our strait, we were in 
the mount, and in the mount the Lord would be seen, and that 
he would find out a wiky of deliverance and salvation for us ; and, 
indeed, we had our consolations and our hopes. Upon Monday 
evening the enemy, whose numbers were very great, as we bear about 
DK thousand horse and sixteen thousand fool at least, ours drawn 
down, as to sound men, to about seven thousand live hundred foot, and 
three thousand live hundred horse; the enemy drew down to their 
right wing about Iwo-Ihirdi of their left wing of hone, to the right 
wing shoggiug also their foot and train much to the right, causing their 
right wing of horse to edge down towards the sea. We could not well 



imagine, but that the 
themselves in a mon 
General and myself' 
observing this poslu 
tunity and advantage 
dialely replied, thai be had thought 
o that it pleased the Lord 



ilended to attempt upon ua, or to place 
(act condition of interposition. The Mnjor- 
ling to the Earl of Roxborough's house and 
I told bim, I thought it did give us an oppor- 
attempt upon the enemy, to which he imme- 
said the same thing to me, 
ipprehension upon both of our 



hearts al the same instant. We called for Colonel Monk, and shewed 
bim the thing, and coming to our quarter at night, on demonstrating 
OUT apprehensions to some of the colonels, they also cheerfully con- 
curred; WP resolved therefore to put our busineas into this poailion. 



232 



APPENDIX. 



that six regiments of hone and three regimeats and a half of foot 
should march in the van, aod that the Major-GeneTBl, the Lieateaant-i 
General of the horse, and the Com miaaarV' General and Colonal 
Monk, to command the brigade of foot, should lead on the basineiil' 
and that Colonel Pride's brigade. Colonel Overton's brigade, and tlw' 
remaining two regiments of horse, should bring up the cannon 
rear; the time of falling on to be by break of day, but through > 
delays it ^iroved not to be so till six o'clock, in the moroiDg: the 
mies word was " The Covenant,'' which it had been for divers daya j 
ours "The Lord of Hosts." The Major- General, Li en tenant- General 
FleeliTood, and Commissary 'General Wbaley, and Colonel TwisletOtt 
gave the onset, the enemy being in very good posture to receive them, 
having the advantage of Iheir cannon and foot against our horse ; be- 
fore our fool could come up, the enemy made a gallant resistance, and 
there was a very hot dispute at swords point between our horse and 
theirs. Our Grat foot, after they bad discharged Iheir duly, being 
overpowered with the enemy, received some repulse, which they bood 
recovered ; but my own regimi-nt, under the command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Golf, and my Major While, did come seasonably in. and at 
the push of pike did repel the stoutest regiment the enemy had there, 
merely with the courage the Lord was pleased to give, which proved tl 
great amazement to the residne of their foot, this belog the first actioD 
between the foot. The horse in the mean time did with a great deal 
of courage and spirit beat back all opposition, charging through llie 
bodies of the enemies horse and tbeir foot, who were after the first 
repulse given, made by the Lord of Hosts as stubble to their swords. 
Indeed I believe I may speak it without partiality, both your chief' 
commanders, and others in their several places, and soldiers also, 
acted with aa much courage as ever hath been seen in any action 
this war. I know they look not to be named, and therefore 1 forbear 
particulars. 

The best of the enemy's horse and foot being broken through and 
through in less than an hour's dispute, theii whole army being put 
into coufusion, it became a total rout, our men having the chase and 
execution of them near eight miles ; we believe that upon the place 
and near about it, were about three Ihoasand slain, prisoners taken 
of their officers you have this enclosed list, of private soldiers near 
ten thousand, the whole baggage, and train taken, wherein was good 
store of match, powder and bnllel, all their artillery great and 
small, thirty guns. We are confident tbey have left behind them not 
less than fifteen thousand arms, I have already brought in to tne 
near two hundred colours, which I herewith send you. What officer* 
of quality of theirs are killed, we yet cannot learn; but yet surely 
divers are, and many men of quality are mortally wounded, as Colonel 
Lumadel. the Lord Liherlon, and others; and that which ii tia small 



I 
I 



APPENDIX. 



233 



addition. I do not believe we lave lo»( twenty men ; not one commiB- 
sioned officer ilain that 1 hear of, save one cornet, and Major Rooka- 
by. since dead of his wounds: and not many mortally wonnded. 
Colonel Whaley only, cut in the hand-vrrist. and liis horse twice ahol 
and killed nnder him, but he well recovered another hone and went 
on in the chase. Thus you have the prospect of one of the most 
si^at mercys God hath done for England and his people this war. 
And now may it please you to give me the leave of a few words. It is 
easy to say. The Lord bath done this ! It would do yon good to see 
and hear our poor foot go up and down, making their boast of God ; 
hut, Sir, it is in your hands to give glory to him, lo improve your 
power and his blessings to his praise. We that serve you, beg of you 
not to own ns, but God alone ; we pray you own his people more and 
more, for they are Ihe chariots and horsemen of Israel ; disown your- 
selves, but own your authority and improve it. to curb the proud and 
the insolent, such as would disturb the tranquillity of England, thongh 
under what specious pretences soever ; relieve the oppressed, hear 
the groans of poor prisoners in England : be pleased to reform the 



abuses of all profesi 



). and if there be any one that makes many 



poor to make a few rich, thai suits not a Common wealth. If he that 
strengthens your servants to fight, pleases to give you hearts to set 
upon these things in order to his glory, and the glory of yonr Com- 
monwealth, besides the benefit England shall feel thereby, you shall 
shine forth to other nations, who shall emulate the glory of such a 
pattern, and through the power of God turn into the like. These are 
our desires, and that you may have liberty and opportunity to do 
these things acid not be hindred, we have been and shall be (by God's 
assistance) willing to venture our lives, and not desire that yon should 
be precipitated by importunities from your care of safety and pre- 
servation, but (hat the doing of these good things may have their 
place amongst those which concern well-being, and so be wrought in 
their time and order. Since we came in Scotland, it hath been onr 
desire and longing to have avoided blood in this business, by reason 
that God balh a people here fearing his name, thongh deceived, and 
lo that end have we offered much love unto such in the bowels of 
Christ, and concerning the truth of oar hearts therein have wo ap- 
pealed unto the Lord. The ministers of Scotland have hindered the 
passage of these things to the hearts of those to whom we intended 
them ; and now we hear, that not only Ihe deceived people, but some 
of the ministers, are also fallen in Ibis baltle. This is the great band 
of the Lord, and worthy of the consideration of all those, who, taking 
into their hands the instruments of a foolish shepherd, to wit, meddling 
with worldly policies, and mixtures of earthly power, to set up that 
which they call Ihe Kingdom of Christ, which is neither it, nor if it 



234 APPENDIX. 

were, would such means be found efTecfiiol to thnt end, and neglect, or 
Iruil nol to the word of God. tlie eword of tlic Spirit, wbich U alona 
powerful and able for the seltin); up of that kingdom, and, when 
trusted to, will be founU eRectually able to that end, and will also 
do it. This 19 humbly ofleritd for Ibeir sakes, who having lately 
turned too much aside, that the)' might turn ngaia to preach Jesus 
Christ, according to the timpUcity of the Gospel : and then no doubt 
(hey will discern and hnd yoDr protection and encourBgement. Be- 
seeching you to pardon ibis length, 1 humbly lake leave, aod rest. 
Sir, your most humble servant, 

O. Cromwell. 
Dunbar. September 4, 1660, 



Dr. Harris, in tbe Appendiii to his " Historical and Critical Ac- 
count of O. Cromwell," page 338, printed an original letter of Crom- 
well's to the Parliameot, (then in the possession of James Lnnib. Esq. 
of Fairford iu Gloucestershire, and subsequently of John Raymond 
Barker of the same place,) on their sending Symoods (Simon) to 
Edinburgh, for his orders about the famous medal struck in memorv 
of the victory at Dunbar ;— 

For y' Hon"* the Comiltee for the Army, these. 

Gentl., It was not a little wonder to me to see that yon sbonld 
send Mr. Symonds so great a journey about a business importinge >o 
little, as far as it relates to me, wbeu, as if ray poore opinion may not 
be rejected by yon, I have to offer to that tv^' I fbinke the most noble 
end, to wilt, the commerooracon of that great mercie at Dunbar, and 
tbe gratuilie to tbe army, w''' might better be expressed upon the 
meddal by engraving as on tbe one side the Parliam', w^ I heare was 
intended, and will do singularly well ; so, on the other side, an army 
w"' this inscription over the head of it, THE LoRn OF hosts, w*' wu 
o' word that day : wherefore, if I may begg it as a favo' from you, I 
most earucstly beseech you, if I may do it w">out offence, that it may 
be soe ; and if you tbiake not Gtt to have it as I offer, you may alter 
it as you see cause, only I doe thinke I may truely say it will be verie 
thankfully acknowledged by me, if you will spare the having my 
effigies in it. 

The gentlemans payncs and trouble hither bare been verie great, 
and I shall make it my second suite unto you that you will please to 
coaferr upon bim that imploym' in y' service w^ Nicholas Briott ' had 



APPENDIX. 235 

(wrore hi'ra ; indeed, the man is in^nioas aod northie of encourageoi'. 
I ma]: nol presume much, but ir al my request and Tor mj- sake he may 
obteyne this favo', I abnll putt it upou the accompl of my obligacous, 
w* are nol a few, and I bope sbal be found readie gratefully to 
acknowledge and to approve mvBelf, ticntl.. 

Yo' moat reall sertant, O. Cromwell. 
Edinburgh, 4th of Feb. 1650. 



MS. Harleian. 7502.— (Original). 

A Commission from Olirer Cromwell, appointing John Wells. 

Ensign, Not. 17, 165]. Presented b; Ur. Halselt, 1700, to the 



Oliver Cromwell, Ejq', Captaine Generall and Comand' in Chiefe of 
the Armies and Forces raised and to be raised by authority of Par- 
liament within y' CoiTionwealth of England. 

To John Wells, Ensigne. 
By virtue of the power and authority to me derived from y' Par- 
liam' of England, I doe hereby constitute and appoiiitc you Ensigne 
of y' comp> of foote whereof Captaine Ethilberl Morgan is Cnpt*, 
raised and to be raised under my comand for y* service of the CtiiTion- 
weallh, in the reg" whereof Lieu' Gen" George Monck is Collonell. 
These are therefore to require yo" to make yo' psent repaire unto the 
same comp', and, taking charge thereof as Ensigne, duly to exercise 
the inferio'' olhc" and sould" of the s' comp' in arnies, and to nse yo' 
best care and endeavo' to keepe them in good ord' and discipline, 
comanding them to obey you as Iheire Ensigne. And you are like- 
wise to observe and follow any orders and direcrms as you shall from 
tyme to tyme receive from myielfc and y' superio' tiffic" of the s** 
regim' and army, according to the discipline of warr. Given under my 
hand and seale, the 17"- November, 1651. O. Csomwell. 



For the Right Ho'* the Lord Henry Cromwell, these. 

At( Dublin. 
May itt please yo' Ex*;^HaTing the opportnnilie of this bearer, I 
make bold to acquaint yo' Ex*** with what newes I heare. W" ia, that 
Charles Stuart intends this sumer (if monies doe noil fayle him) to 
giTC vs some trouble both in Ireland and Scotland ; and I heare the 
Earle of Ormond is lo come over into Ireland, and alsoe Inchiqueene 
if they can pswade him, and Middleton hither; and Mr. Secretary 
Tharloe writes worde to mec. thai they intend likewiss lo give them 



1*36 APPENDIX. 

Ironble in England, batt iti is nolt visible to mee by ibeir proparaUt 
V''' way they are able to doe ilt. I have ft gresl ambition to bee a 
planter mder y«' Ex""", if 1 could get! hutt liberlie to bee loose from 
my comand lieere, w^'' I hope in a short time 1 shall hare. I have 
nothing else to trouble yo' Lo"'' withnll, but to lett you know that I 
1 am, yo' Ex*" most humble aervant, Georue Monck. 

Dalkeith, -24" Febr., 1651. 



I 



5. 
(Additional MS., Birch's Collection, No. 4166, Tol. 19.) 
For liis Ex'^" the Lord Fleetwood. To be comunicnfed to the Geiiall 
Councell of Officers all Wallingford House. 
Right ho''''' and worthy friends ;— Having, through the rich mercies 
of our most gracious God, lived to see a revive of that glorious cause 
in y' hearts which hath bin sealed with soe much precious bloud, 
attested wilh soe many glorious and signall providences uf God, and 
purchased with soe vast a treasure of these nations, wee cannot butt 
(with the greatest demonstrations of joy and gladnesse) owne yo' late 
proceedings in pnrsuance of those blessed ends wee have for soe many 
yeares been contending for i and that God hath att last, after soe many 
yeares declining and deferred from his and his people's cause and 
interest turned backe yo' eyes vppon yo' former vowes and engage- 
ments made in the day of yo' espousalls, and begotten iu you a livelie 
sense both of yo' past faylingcs and (Pscnt duty, wee cannot butt looke 
vppon as the grealest and happiest prognoatick of our future peace 
and establishment that ever our eyes yett beheld, and accordingly doe 
with humbled hearts both reverence and embrace this dispensation of 
Divine Providence as that nberby a passage is made for our enjoying 
those good thinges soe longe siuce hoped for. Thai Ood hath hitherto 
indulged vs whitest every one was following after bis idotl and ad- 
Tancing bis p'ticular interest above that of God and his people, de- 
serves to bee for ever had in remembrance, as that whereby wee are 
kept alive vnto this day. Certainly, had bee nolt bin a longe sufiering 
God, and exceeding slow to wrath, hee had longe ere now given vs 
the dregs of bis iudignntion to drinke, and mnde vs a reproach and 
hissing to the adversaries of his truth, making vs to reele and stagger, 
and dash one against another, till wee bad nccompiiah't that on our 
■elves which the blondiest of our adversaries could nolt have beheld 
without horror and amazement. Butt now, since we hope the sence 
of these thinges lies as heavy on yo' aplritts as on our owne, wee shall 
ee yo' remembrancers of what bath bin left vndone, or done 
amisse, and putt you in miude of what in this great day of the Lord's 



I 



APPENDIX. 237 

■ppcM-ing yoii ought to doe ; and in this we shall bee verjr brier, 
intendlug to bee more plicular as occasion may offer. 

Id the first place, Iherrore, wee earneatlie enlreate you, thai in tlie 
worke you have vndertaken, as yon trould lay aside the interest of 
any prtvRte pson, »oe that yo' eye may nott bee fastened vppon tlie 
interest of any plicular ptie Hhatsoever, as ill is distinct or snbdevided 
from the wbole interest of God. and of those that professe his name in 
Hineerilie and truth, butt that ynu would earnestly study and en- 
deavonr to advance such in whose hearts the power of godlinesse shall 
bee made manifest, through holy, strict, and religious conversation, 
although they may bee of different mindes in the ntore externall and 
leige necessary parts of religion. 

2. That seeing his late Hlglmesse hnlh bin pleased to manifest soe 
much self-deniall and love to his country, in appearing for the interest 
thereof against his owne, in this great day of change, that you will rse 
yo' indenvonrs with all afTecconate care aud industry, that himself 
and family (together with her Highnesae Dowager) rany have soe ho- 
nourable R provision settled vppon Ihem. and such other dignities, 
as are suitable to the former great services of that familie to these 
nations. 

3. That as you are of the freeboroe people of England, and nott 
tnercinaries. you will in yo' places, and according to the duty of yo' 
callinges, maintaine the just liberties of the nhote people, their good 
Utvei and righte, and remove all oppression and every heavy and 
intolerable yoake from off their neckes. 

4. That you would assert the freedome and priviledges of their 
representatives, duly assembled and consisting of iHons rightly quali- 
fied as being the basis and ffoundation of the Governem' of this 
Comonwealth. 

And lastly ; that as the best expedient for the caring onr disteinps, 
wee heartily rejoice that you have anticipated our desires in inviting 
the Members of the Longe Parliam' to reassemble, and carry on the 
worke of the nation nnder a Conionweallh Governem' ; and wee de- 
sire that you would owne them, and stand by them as those by whome 
God hath formerlie done glorious tbinges for his people's libertie, and 
that some effectuall course bee taken fur begetting a good vndcratand- 
ing, aud mutuall (Correspondency belwiit Ihe Parllam' and army, that 
■oe there may bee noe more dashing in pieces, nor dissolvings of 
Ihem, butt such as are regular and according to Ihe estahlished forme 
of Governem'. And wee doe assure you, lliat as in what you have 
already done in order to these thingea you hnve our hearty and affec- 
tionate concurrence, soe our constant purpose and resulntion is here- 
after to stand by you and all the people of God, in the mainlenance of 
Ihem agaiDsl all oppresscrs whatsoever. And that this good cause 



o 



J38 



APPENDIX. 



may prosper in yC and onr hearts and haDds, is and akaU bM ' 
dayly prayer of yo*^ most aflecconate friends and hnmUe aenra a tii' 



Dalkeith. 12th Mav. IG59. 

m 

Robert Reade Rilph Cobbett 



Hen. Dorney 
Dan. Davison 
P. Crispe 
Rich. Heath 
Tho. Johnson * 
Jambs Wright 
Joseph Wallington 
Will. Hellin 



Joh\ Clobert 
Abra. Holmes' 
M. Richardson 

Jo. Hl'BBELTHORNI 

Thomas Deane 
Will. Davis 
Ethelbert Morgan' 
Rt. Winter* 

6. 



Georob Momck. 
Thomas Rrsm 
TiMO. Wiuus 
Jbrb Smtth* 
Hen. BRiamal 
Ph. Watsoi 
John Padpob. 



To the Officers of the Ordnance in the Tower of liOndoo. 
I desire you to exchange the old mosqnets, and delirer new 
their stead to my regiment. 

Given under my hand. Febmarj 10^, 10S« 

Georgb If once. 



To the Officers of the Ordnance in the Tower of Ijondon. 
You are, npon sight hereof, to receive from Migor NichoUs all At 
match-lock musquets of the four companies of my regiment, now lyiif 
in the Tower of London, and deliver so many snaphance mojqaeti to 
him, or whom he shall appoint ; and in so doing this shall be jov 
warrant. 

Given under my hand at St. James's, April 14***^ 1060. 

George Honce. 

8. 

(MS. Sloan. 3289.) 
S' George Monck, Cap* Gen" and Comander in Chiefe of all hie Ma^ 
Forces in England, Scotland, and Ireland, Master of his Ifa** 
Horse, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, and one of 
bis Ma"" most bono"* Privy Councill. 

To James Pembnige, Lieutenant. 
By virtue of the power and authority to mee given by hia most 
excellent Ma*^ Charles the Second, by the grace of God King of 



■ In the Mercurius Politicus, Xo. 568, this letter is printed without the sig- 
natures ; and in that journal is headed " A Letter from the Lord General Monck, 
" and the Council of Officers in Scotland to his Excellency the Lord Fleetwood, 
" and the G«.'nend Council of Officers in England.** 

' Officers of Monck's regiment of Horse. 
■' Ditto ditto ditto Foot. 



APPENDIX. 239 

" CugUnd. Scotlani], (Trance, and Ireland, Defender of Ihe ffailh. tu:. 

■-4 doe liereby coDstilate and appoini yo", Jnnies Pembruge, to bee 

iLientenaiit <o Captaine Annesley his company of fiuote, in Colonel 

^ AlUop his regiment, under my comand for Ihe service of liia Ma"*. 

i You are tberefore to taLe inlo your charge and csre Ihe aaid company 

:, ai Lieutenant thereof, and duly exerciae the officers and soldiers of 

i Ihe same in arroes ; and alwie lo ose your besl c^re and cndearo' to 

". keepe them in good order and discipline, comanding them to obey yo" 

I as their Lienlenn' : and yo' are likewise lo fotlowe and observe snch 

orders and direcons as yo° shall from lime to time receive from hia 

Ma'", the Parliament, Privy Councill. or my selfe : and alsoe yo" are 

to obey Ihe superiour officers of the re^meot and army, accordinge lo 

the discipline of warr. iu pursuance of the trust reposed in yo* and 

your dniy to his Ma"". 

Given under my band and seale, at the CockpitI, the 26*^ day of 
June, 1660, and in the 1^ yeare of his Ma"" raigne. 

George Monck. 



Commisjion of George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, as Cuptain- 
General.' (MS. Harleian. SIIS. fol. 7.) 

Charles [the Second], by the grace of God [King of England. Scot- 
land, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith,] &c. To our right 
trusty and right trell-beloved cousin and counsello', George. Duke of 
Albemarle, Ma'' of our Horse, and Knight of the most noble Order 
of the Garter, greeting. Know yee. that wee, reposeing speciall trait 
and confidence in yo' approved wisdoine, fidelity, valour, and great 
abillityes, have assigned, made, conslilnted, and ordained, and by 
these our letters -pat tent doe asaigne, make, constitntr, and ordaioe 
you to be our Captaine-Gen" of all onr armyes and land forces, and 
men whatsoever, now learyed or raised, or which hereafter shall be 
raised and [or] levyed, in or out of our realmes of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, or dominion of Wales, or any of them, or any other our 
dominions or territoryes whatsoever, and assembled or lo be 8s»em- 
bled inlo an army or arroye.i. 

With Ihem both lo resist and withstand all invasions, lamults, se- 
dicons, conspiracyes, and attempts, thai may happen wilhiu our said 
realmea, dominions, and lerriloryes, or any of them, lo be made ag* 

> lliis Commission ii entered on iLs Rolb, at the Kolls Chapel Office, 
Chancer; Line. 

The wonli betiteen bnickels Lave been supplied from u copy printed in 
" A Colleclion of Prirate Pipen. 8<o. I.ondon, 17113. Btalril lo hive been" 

found unoni the ManuscripU of ih* Ule fainnu* Al of II < Msrquia 

of Halifu). 



240 



APPENDIX. 



■; and dignily, and to be lead ii 



out penon, stiite, iafety, c 

of our said realmes, dominbris. and territoryes, or any of tliem. 

And Ihe.re to iuvnde, assault, repcll, resist, fight with, subdue, siny 
and kill, all, erery, or any euemyes or rebells ag' us, of what naeiin 
soever, that in onr said kingdomea, dominions, and terriloryee, or any 
of them, or any part or partes thereof, shall raise, make, cause, adhere 
to, or be part of any insnrreccrm, commoerm, tumuli, sedicon, con- 
spiracy, or attempt whatsoever ag' our person, stale, safety, crowne, 
and dignity. 

And wee furlher have assigned, made, constituted, and ordained, 
and by these our letters- pnttents doe assigne, make, constitute, and 
ordaine you the said armyes and land forces, and every part tbeTeof, 
and all officers and others whatsoever, imployed or to be imployed in 
or concerning the same, with all such other forces, of what nacon so- 
ever, as shall be hereafter joyued to the said armyes and land forces, 
or any part thereof, to rule, goverae, command, dispose, and imploy, 
in, for, or about such defences, olfences, invasions, execucrms, and 
other military and hostile acts and services, as are or shall be by us, 
from lime to time, and att any time, respectively directed, limilled, or 
appointed, in or by these our letters-patients, or by our instruccoiw 
which wee have delivered unto you under our signe maniiatl, or which 
shall hereaner be dirrected, limitted, or appointed, by any inslruccuni 
under our signe innnuttll. stgnell, privy seale, or great scale, deli- 
vered or to be delivered unto you, or sent and received, or to be sent 
and received by you. 

And further, wee have given and graunled unto you full power and 
authority, and hereby doe give and grannt to you full power and 
authority, the same armyes nnd land forces, and every or any p' 
thereof, and the men see levyed, raised, or assembled, or to be levyed 
or assembled, or sent, conducted, or brought, or that otherwise shall 
come to you either by any other speciall order and comuund, or by 
any other comission whatsoever, given and graunted by ns or by 
authority of this comission, and according lo the intent thereof as 
aforesaid, by yo'self, or by yo' deputy or deputyes, comand', cap- 
taines, or other officer or olGcers as to you shall seem meet, to try, 
exercise, orraye, and putt in readiness, and them and every of them 
after their abillilyes, degrees, and facullyes, or according to the pro- 
vision of armcs appointed for them, well and sulTiciently to cause to 
be weaponed and armed. 

And to take or cause to be taken the muBters of them by the 
comissary-gen", or other comisaaryes or officers whom you shall 
assigne as often as you shall see cause, ns alsoe of any of our trayned 
bandes within our said kingdomes, dotninlons, and territoryes, or any 
of them, and in all and every other place or places into which, by ver- 
tuG of this our comission, or by vertue of any other comltiion or war^ 




I 



APPENDIX. 241 

rant firom ns, you aht\\ lead qt tend, or in vhich you ihall. arcordiag 
to the purport of this comission, finde any part of the said army or 
armyes, or men as aroresaid. 

And »l»oe the flame [wid] array or armyes, men and persons, so 
arrayed, tryed, exercised, and nrraed, as well horsemen as foolmeUj 
of all kindei and degrees, lo gOTerne, leode, and conduct, against all 
and siogular enemyes, rebells, Irailors, and all aod every other pprson 
or persons attempting any thing against our person, slate, safely, 
crowne, and ilignjly, nilhin our said kingdomes, domtnioiis, and terri- 
toryes, e*ery or any of them. 

And our said armye and land forces, and llie men aforesaid, from 
time to time, and alt any lime, to divide, distribute, and dispose into 
parts, regiments, troopes, and companyes, or otherwise alt yonr dia- 
crecftD ; and (he same army or armyes, and Ibe said partes, regiments, 
troops, or companyes, or any of Ihem, to convey or send, or cause to 
be conreyed or sent, by land or by sea, or other passage by water, to 
any place or places, for the senice aforesaid respectively, according 
to yo' discrecon. 

And with the said enemyes, rebelU, Iraytors, and other person 
and [or] persons so attempting as aforesaid, lo Ggbl, and them to in- 
vade, resist, represse, pursue, and follow, in and unlo any part of our 
■aid Liii^domes, dominions, and territoryea, every or any of them, 
[and them] to subdue, slay, and kill, and to doe, fulfill, and execute 
all and singular other nets, matters, aud Ihings whatsoever reapec- 
lively, which shall be in yo' discrecon requisite either for leading, 
conducting, government, order, and rule of our snid armyes and land 
force*, and men, and every part of them, or for the conservacun of us, 
our slate, and safety, and for the anppression aud subdueiug of such 
«tiemyes, rebells, iraylo", or other offenders as aforesaid. 

And further, to doe, use, and execute against and upon the said 
enemyes, rebells, Iraytors, and others as aforesaid, and their adhe- 
lents, and every of them, as occasion shall require, by yo' discrecon. 
the law martiall, or law marshall, as our Captaioe-Generall. 

And of sucb enemyes, rebells, trayto", and other offenders as uiore- 
■aid, taken, or apprehended, or being brought into subjeccon, to save 
from death or olher punishment whom yoa shall thinke Git to be soe 
saved, and to slay, destroy, and putt to eiecuuon of death, or other- 
wise to punish such or soe many of them as you shall think meet by 
yo' discrecun to be pull to death, or otherwise punished respectively, 
by any maner of meanes. according to the law marliall or law marshal!, 
to the terror of all other offend". 

[Pooei of PardoDing.] 

And wee doe further, by these our letters-patients, give and graunt 
lo you our Captnine-Gen", full power and authority for us and in our 
naine, u occasion shall require, accurdiag to yo* discrecun, by puh- 



i_J 



242 



PPENDIX. 



liqne proclamalion or otherwise, to make tender o( our regaW grMt 
[mercy] and pardon to all such enemj-ea, rebelli, or traytors, as shall 
in our said kingdomes, dominions, and territoryes, or any or them, 
Bubmitt themselves to us, and desire to be received to our grare, 
mercy, and pardon, and according to yo' discrecoii to receive to our 
grace and mercy. And to pardon all and every such person and per- 
■ons 3B shall soa suhmitt and desire to be received to our grace, mercy, 
and pardon as aforesaid. 

And we doe hereby graunl for us, our heires and successors, that 
every such person and persons soe submilling and deiiiriiig, and aoe 
admitted by you unto our grace and mercy, and pardoned by you as 
aforesaid, shall be by us pardoned, and shall and may have and sue 
t>ut pdons accordingly. 

And further onr will and pleasure is, and by these presents wu doe 
give and graunl you full power and authority, that in case any inva- 
sion of enemyes, iosurrecon, comocoD, or i-ebellion, shall happen to 
be, increase, or beginne to arise within our said Lingdotncs, do- 
minions, and territoryes, or any of them, that then from time to time, 
and ntt all times when any such shall be, increase, or beginne (o 
arise, you may with such power and forces as you shall think Gtl, 
either by yo'selfe, or by others deputed and comaunded by you, 
resist, represse, and reforoie the same by battaile, or other kinde of 
force; or at yo' discrecon, by such other proceedings as by the laws 
of our said realmes respectively, or the law martial, or lawes mar- 
shall, or by the intent and purport of this comission may otherwise be 




[Power to conunsnd farces from the Deputy -LieuleBautt of Conntyes.] I 
And for the better execucSn of Ibis our comission, we doe furtbar 
give and graunt to you full power and authority from time to lime, 
and atl all times, att yo' discrecon, to comaund and require of and 
from all or any of our lieuetenants speciall, and their deputye leiue- 
lenants of our several! countyes [of and] within our said kingdomea 
dominions and territoryes, and of and from every or any of them, to 
send to you, or to such place or places as you shall appoint, such 
number of able men for the warres, as well horsemen as foot-men of 
the Trayned Bandes in the said countyes respectively, or others 
sufficiently armed and furnished, at such time and times, and from 
time to time, as you in yo' discrecon shall appoint and require. 
(Power of psnniiug comlsiioni to levy and rajte forces.J 
And further also, from lime to time and alt all times, at yo' dis- 
crecon, to give and graunt to any person or persons as to you it shall 
seem meet, any cumissiou or comissions, warrant, and authority for 
the leavying or raiseing of any troopes or companyes of [any] horse- 
men or footmen in any place whatsoever within our said kingdomea, 
dominians, aud territoryes, [or any of them,] and for the bringing or 



APPENDIX. 243 

rouducting of them to you, or lo surh place or places ai y on shall 
Trom lime to time, or all any lime, iu yo' iliscrecon assigne and 
appoint. 

[Power of coBStiratiog Deputyea.] 
And further also, wee doe give and graunl to yoa, o'' Caplaine- 
Gen", full power and aQthority froiu time to time, and att all limes by 
wrileing under yo' bands and seale, to appoint, ordain and constitute, 
one or more deputy or deputyes, of what quality or condicon [what] 
•oerer, or by what name or names soever you ghall think Btt. under 
you and in yo' stead, to doe and execute all and every, or any, llie 
powers and authority whatsoever hy these presents graunled bv us 

[Power lo sppoint officers in chief or a aperior officers.] 
And aliD, wee give you full power and authority to appoint all and 
every, or any superior officer or officers, or officer or officers in chief, 
of what quality or dignity soever respectively, as well of the horse- 
nen asof the footmen, and of the ordnance, artillery, or amunicon, 
of or belonging to. or that shall hereafter in any wise belong to the said 
amy or armyes, or land -forces, and all and every CoUo", Caplainea. 
and other inferior officers, and all and every other Comaundcr and 
Comaund", officer and officers whatsoever, which shall by you Bit any 
time, and from time [to time] be thought fitl or requisite for the better 
government of the said army or armyes, or land-forces, or any part 
thereof, and for the exccuciiin of the intent and purport of these our 
lelters-pattents. 

[Powei lo Dppomt B Fro TOSt- Marshall.] 
And fnrther, wee doe give and graunt unto you full power and au- 
thority to appoint within our said army or armyes one Provost- 
Marshall, or more Provost Marshalls. according to yo' discrecon, to 
itM and exercise that office in «uch case as you shall thinke requisite. 
And for the execuciin of the law-martiall or law-marshall according 
to your discrecon and narmnt given lo him or them, and the intent 
and purport of these our lelters-pattents. and as the law-maraball or 
martial 1 requireth. 

[Power lo hold Couru-Mlnhall.] 
And further alsoe wee doe give and grannt to you fnll power and 
authority lo hold, or cause lo be held wilhin the said army or armves, 
or any part thereof, one or more military or martial, or marahall 
conrt or courtes. from time to lime, and all all times, according to 
your discrecon or comaund. And also in the same court or courles, 
or otherwise, by y'selfe or by yo' deputy or deputyes, or bv or in 
your counsel of warre, or by any other ways, and [proceedings,] or 
course as to yon shall seem meetest, to beare, exaoiine. determine, 
and punish all mutiuyes, disobediences, deptures from Captaines, 
Comand". and Govemo", and all capital and criminal! offences what- 



244 APPENDIX. 

And wee Turlljer gire find grauni lo all Hiid every audi deputy and 
depulyes, or superior olScer and odicers, mid officer and oflicerB in 
i/hiefe, and all and every other comnuiider or officer, so as aJbresajd 
by you appointed, ordained, or cotiititiited, or otLerwisc, according lo 
llie purport and intent of lliese ^sents appointed, ordained, or con - 
aliluted, full power and autliority to doe and execute whatsoever he 
or they respectively shall be by you Boe ordained or Appointed, to 
doc according to tlie tenour of theae p'seiits. 

LPoKMofmakinsluwBforgovernniBDtofthe Army.] 
And also wee give and grauut unto you full power and authority, att 
yo' discrecnii, from time to time, and att all times, lo make, con- 
stitute, and ordaine, lawes, statutes, and ordinances for the govern- 
ment, ordering, ruleing, and military discipline of our said army or 
armyes, and every or any p't thereof, and of all and every oliicer and 
officers, p'aon and persons, of, in, and belonging to llie same, and 
for touching and conceroiitg all aud every the prisoners, goodei, 
booty, or spoile that shall or may happen to be att any time by yon, or 
any officer, or any other person of the snid ormye or armyes, or any 
part thereof, taken and concerning all other matters whatsoever in any 
wise to the said army, or this yo' imployment belonging. 

And the same lawes, statutes, ordinances, and every of them, to 
cause to be ^claimed in such places, and alt such times as to yon 
shall seem meet, and the same and every of them to put in cKecuc5n, 
and lo appoint and ordaine such pains and penaltyes, either by losse 
of life, or member, place, office, money or goods, or olhertrise, in the 
said lawes, ordinances, and statutes, and every or any of Ihem, as in 
yo' discrecun you shall think meet, and to cause to be attached, ap- 
prehended, and imprisoned, or pardoned, or left or sett att liberty alt 
yo' discreciin, all and every, or any p^son or ]9sonB offending against 
any of the said statutes, lawes and ordinances, and against or concern- 
ing such person or persons, to coraaund such pcecding, and to use 
either such justice, or such mercy, as to you shall seem most meet. 

And wee doe hereby graunt and ordaine that all and every the 
statutes, lawes, and ordinances, soe from time lo time and at any 
time to l>e made, constituted, or ordained by you, shall have full 
power and force, and remainc, and be in the said army and annyes, 
and every part thereof respectively, in full power aud force, according 
as you shall make, constitute, or ordaine. 

[Pow«loP«rdoi..] 
And further, that you shall have from time to time, and at all times 
during the force of this our comission, full power to pardon and re- 
mitt all and every crimes and offences whatsoever comitted against 
the said lawes, statutes or ordinances, or any of them, or against the 
laws martial or law marsball in the said army, or any part thereof, 
or by any officer, souldier, or other, being part thereof, or belonging 
thereunto. 



APPENDIX. 'Ha 

ir us. onr heires and sacceBsors. due graatit by 
these our letters paltent, lliat no penoD or persons wtiataoever eball 
be preceded a^^iiisl. molested, sued, or in any wise impeached in 
any court whatsoever, or olhernise. for any crime or offence what- 
soever, soe its aroresaid by you pardoned or remitted, nor sued, im- 
peached, or molested in any court whatsoever, or otherwise, for or by 
reason of any matter or cause whalgocTer, being finally determined 
and sentenced according to the power and jurisdiccon by these presents 
giren and graunted by us as aforesaid. 

[Lihert; of stuying aboul the King.] 

And further wee ^ive and grannt unto you power, liberty, and 
authority upon all occa-iions, when to you it shall seem meet and ne- 
cessary, if you be not by us otberwise expressly coma ode d, to come 
and repair to our person, wheresoever we shall be. and there, or all, 
in, neer, or about out court and household to remaine unlill we shall 
siguifye to you our expresse pleasure for your departure or returne. 
[Of congiiluting Comisssrys.] 

And further alsoe wee give and ^auut to yon full power atid autho- 
rity fnom time to time, and at nil times, to appoint and constitute 
one or more comissnry or comlssaryes, and any other officer or officers 
as to you shall seem meetest, for llie providing and taking upp of 
victu.-illa, anil all or any other provision for the said army or amiyes, 
or any part thereof, and to give him or them respectively power and 
warrant soe to doe from time to time and at all limes, within any |9l 
of our said kingitomes, dominions, and lerritoryes. or any of them. 
[To take up Carriages, Vessels. Boats, &c,] 

And further alsoe by yourselfe, or others deputed or autliorized by 
you. to take up and use such carriages, horses, boates. or other vessels 
as in yo' discrcciin, and as often as you shall think meet, shall bee 
needful for the conveying or conducting of the said sroiy or armyes, 
or any part thereof, or for bringing or carrying ammuniciin. ordnance, 
artillery. Ticiualls, ami all or any other provisions necessary or re- 
quisite for (he said army or armyes, or any part thereof, to or from 
any plaA or places, according to the intent of these [presents.] .\diI 
1o that intent nnd purpose to depute and authorize, and give warrant 
or warrants to any person or persons whatsoever for such taking upp 
and use as aforesaid. 

[Power of gruuDtini; wsrrants to Ib<^ TreasDrera of Ihe .^nuyi'ii.] 

And further, from time to time to t^ve warrant and authority to 
onr treasurer or treasurers of the said army or armyes for the time 
being, for the issueing and paying of all and every such suiiiea of 
money as are or shall he from lime to time payable to any person or 
persons whatsoever in the said army or armyes. ot any part tliereof, 
or due to any ])ersoii or persons whatsoever, by reason of the same 
respectively, , 




24C 



API'KNUIX. 



id safely of u 

r said army ahall be by yon 



di>,i.. 



[Poirer ofgraunting Siife-roTidiicla.] 

And wee doe furllier bereby give power and aulborily to you our 
Cnplaiue-Geii". for causes e9iieci«lly iiioveing you, by yo' \etten 
under yo'' sealc, froin lime to lime, [when and] as often as to you 
it« hall aeem meet, lo graiint eh fc-con ducts, as well g^eneral [as] 
speciall, in all places by liind or by waler, to any person or peraouj 
whaUoever, generally tu doe and execute all and every tiling and 
things wbich to Ibe office of a L'HpIaine-Gencrall of an army uuder 
■IB dotb belong;, and whieb for the good a 
and Ibe government and discipline of ou 
thougbl expedient and necessary. 

[Canwundg of all Gairisons aod Forts and Cnstles 
cantinUF tbe Governors. Cnptaioee. 

And for the belter execuc<>n of this our service, ivee doe further 
give unto you our Captaine-Gen" full power and authority, as you 
in yo'' discrecon shall tbinL meet, and for the advnticem' of tbii our 
service, to comaund all our garrisons and our forts and castles, now 
forfifyed or hereafler to be forlifyed. aud to amove, displace, or 
eoDtinue the governo", captaines, or other inferior officers, souldyen, 
and garrisouB, as to yo' discrecon shall seem meet, and tbe occasion 
of the service shall require, and to furnish the same garrisons, castles, 
and fortes, with other governo". comaund", and souldiera, as you 
shall think, meet for tlie safety and good of our armyei and tb« 
advancement of our service. 

Tu have, bold, exercise, and injoy, all and every tbe powers and 
Butborityes aforesaid, by yon our said Caplaine-Generall, and by yo* 
deputy and deputy es as aforesaid, during our will and pleasure. 

And wee will and comaund you our Captaine-Gen", thai with all 
speed you doe execute the premisses wilb etfect. 

Wherefore wee will and comaund all and siuguler leivetenantsof our 
countyes and leivelen" speciall, dukes, marquesses, earles, viscountes. 
borons, bnrron", knights, sheriffes. Ireaaurer or treasurers of our said 
army, ninyo", baylitTes, constable?, captaines, and all olher officers 
and BOuldiers, ministers, and all and every our loveing subjects, of 
wbat estate, degree, or condition soever he or they shall be, that they 
and every of ihem respectively, with their power and serv", from lime 
to time, [and] according as they shall be comaunded by you, or bu- 
tboriu^d according to the purport and intent of these our lettcra- 
pattenls and the aulborily and power to yon herein given, be obe- 
dient to you, and aflendanl, nidiug, assisting;, counselling, and hetpeing 
you, and ready at yo' eomsundem' in the due execnc^u hereof, as 
they and every of Ibem lender our displeasure, aud will answeare to 
tbe contrary att their perills. 

And furlher, our pleasure is, and wee doe hereby give and graant 
fur us, our beires, and saccesso". that whatsoever either you or any 



APPENDIX. 



247 



other person or persons, of H-faat degree, office, MnU, or conilicun so- 
ever, npon or by yo' comiMion, nitrrant, or comauiic], shnll doe by 
virtue or authority of this oar comission or letlera-patenU, or accord- 
ing to our insIrucciiuB aforesaid, or according lo the lenoar, effect, or 
purport of this onr comission, touching the execocon of the pre- 
misses or any part thereof, both you and the oaid other person or 
persons, upon the shenin^ forth of these onr letters-patents, or the 
constat or |he inrollnient thereof, shali be in all and every [of] our 
courts. Hud elscnhere in our dominions, discharged and acqiiilted in 
thai behalfu, against us, our heires and succeaso", and free from all 
impeachm' and other molestation for the same. 

In witness, tec. Wllnesse ourself, &c. 

[In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 

made patents. Witness ourself, at Westminster, the third 

day of August, in the twelfth year of our reign. 

By the King. Barker.] 

Charles, by the grace of God, king ofEngland, Scotland, France, and 
Ireland, Defendo'of the Faith, ice. To our trusty and well-heloved 
Generall George Monk, greeting. Upon the great confidence wee repose 
in your courage, conduct, fidelity, and affeccon to ua and the good of 
our kingdoTues, wee, by these p'sents, constitute and appoint you to 
be Captaine- General I and Comaunder-iu-Cbiefe of all forces trbich 
are or shall be raised for our serHce within our kingdomes of England, 
Scotland, and Ireland, and the territoryes theregnto belon^ng, give- 
ing you full power and authority to order, conduct, and cotnaund the 
same in all things, aceordeing lo the lawes and customes of warre. 
and therenitU to fight, kill, and destroy all who are or shall be in 
armes against us, and to seize on any forts or places in rebellion 
1 keep and defend the same fur us and in 
iecule all acts and powers belonging to 
e-Generall and Comaunder-in-Chiefe ; 
e hereby require all major-gcnernUs, collonells, and other in- 
ferior officers and soldiers under you, to obey you in nil things as 
Captaine-Generall and Coroaunder-in-Cbicfe of all our forces within 
our said kingdomes and domiuions ; and you are lo be obedient to 
such orders as you sball from time to time receive from us ; for all 
which, this our comission shall be your suBicient warrant. Given at 
our Court at, &c. 

Eodorged " Heads of the late Lord -General's function, kc.'' 
cadoTsed by Sir Joseph Williamsoo. — Slate-Paper Office. 
(1678.) 
His Ma"" establishment comprizes all military officers in his Ma"" 

fnards, forces, and guarrissoos, w"' the number of eacbe troope, regi- 



agaiust our authority, 
our name, and to dot 
the duety and office of a Capta. 



RKnl, and company, and lli^ir pnje respectively. The officers' coia- 
mis.iions are, all entered in tlie office of tbe com missarr- general I of tlie 
rnDsten. by w^ Ihey know the names of tbe persona coDimiisioned for 
Che gnid military offices, and by tfie eslablishm' it appears what nam- 
bers of soldiers are allowed lo bee under Their respective comanda. 
The comissaryes-generall (thus governed in the business of the mna- 
ters) doe muster tbe forces and garrisons seaven limes in every yeare ; 
that is to saye. ItToe musters of furty-twoe days each, in Humroer. 
when Ihe days are long, and five musters of fifly-six dnyes cache for 
the rest of the yenre. Of every muster of a Iroope or company, Ibree 
rolles are sign'd by y' comissaryes of j* officers, one of w' rolls, 
written in parchem', ia carried to the ]>aymnster-geneTall, who there- 
uppon audits the aceompt of what is due uppon eache muster to the 
troops, regim'*, and eompanyes respectively, and sent certificates or 
debentures for tbe same lo Ihe late Lord Generall, iippon w'''' bee gave 
wnrr" to S' Stephen Box to paye (be monies due to Ibem accordingly, 
soone after tlie eTcpiration of every muster. One olber of the said 
master rolles wns still kept by y' comisSBryea. and the third roll was 
kept by y* oflicers of the respective troops, regim*", and eompanyes. 

In garrisBons and quarters where noe allowances was settled for fire 
and candle for the guards kept by ihem in his Ma"" esdiblishment, 
the lale Lurd (JEiierall pave ivarr'' lo the pay mast cr-geii" for ttvelve- 
penci; a day for fire and candle for the guards kept by eaehe com- 
pany : and Ihe late Lord Gen" likewise gave warr" to the paymaster' 
genefall for Ihe paym' of all others needfull contingent charges of his 
Ha<^ forces and garrissons, all w*^ alluwoncea and payments were 
Bssigned to bee paide out of the moneis allowed and designed (in bis 
Ha*^ eatablishm*) for contingent charges, Ihe same (in the present 
establishment) being thirteen hundred pounds per annum. 

Noe troops or eompanyes removed or changed their quarters but 
by warrant from tbe Lord-Gen", who (but uppon abslnt necestily) 
would not nppoint Ihe same unless it were soone after y' expi- 
tation of a musler. because at these times they wi^re usually fbr- 
bish'd w"' moneis to paye their quart" at Ihe places from whence Ihoy 
removed. Armes mid amnnilion for the guards, forces, and garrissona 
Was issued out by order from tbe Loi-Geu", directed lo Ihe Coin'* of 
bis Ms"*" Ordin" ; but where great aupplyes were desired of stores for 
g;arrissDn9, it was first brought to his Ma*" or the Cuuncells consider 
ration, unless it were for tbe chnngeing of new armea for ould unser- 
viceable armes spent or spoiled in his Ma"" service. In all orders for 
partyes to marche, Ihe constables were required to bee assisting fbt 
the qunrlering of tliem uppon their marche in innes, victualing- 
howses, and ale -bowses. 

.Ml orders for convoyes of bis Ma*" treasure, directed that (be 
oflicers comanding those convoyes should observe such orders na 





APPENDIX 



■liDiild bee given tlieni by llie eoiiduclo' or nlber civil! olEuer wlio 
liad tLe I'liarge of llie Irea.iure. (wlinse nnmes were usually sent frum 
Ihe com" of the Trenaury- Chamber or the Navy-Offire, and «ere 
inaerled in the orders,) oiilill the treasure were safely lodged at tlie 
(dace of its designacioD. 

Upon iitformatJun of diHobedience of inferior officers towards tlieir 
Bttperior officers or of soldiers to their officers, or other great offences, 
the Lord-Generall gave comini.-isiDns to court- martialls tn exatnin 
such offences, and to bring such offenders to Ibeir fryall, and coudigne 
punishm', provided thai Ihe same extended not to the taking away of 
life or limbe, lesser offences being punisli'd by regimental court- 
martiall or cou rt- marl ia lis of the garrissons. 

Complaints of creditors of officers or soldiers were usnally referr'd 
to their superior officers to examine and compose the differences, or 
report tlie cases to the Lo ■.-Gen". After reports lliat the debls were 
just, if the debto'' being an officer did not satisfy his creditor by pay- 
ment or security within a time limited, the Gen" then left him to Ihe 
lave; and if it were llic case uf a privat soldier, Ihe Gen" ordered 
his Cap" to discharge him, and lo entertain another into his place. 
In the orders leaveiog officers to the lawe, there was a restriction that 
their persons should not bee arrested. 

Whensoever his Ma'' gave order for the raiseing ofauy forces, and 
bad given commissions lo the officers, the Gencrall gave orders to 
them for the raiaeing of their men by beate of drum for the armeing, 
quartering, and for the mustering of eachc troope and company, (as 
•oone as lialfe Ihe numbers established for them should bee brought 
to bee mustered,) and likewise for Ihe paying of them from Ihe day of 
their first muster (as soone as conveniently might be) to the day of the 
then next generall muster of the forces, tliat all the musters might 
come nee together. 

When his Ma'' gave orders for Ihe disbanding or reducing of any of 
the forces, the Generall sent ord' to the troopes, regim**, or com- 
panyes, for the disbanding or reducing of them accordingly, (by a day 
limited in the ord", from which lime their paye is determined,) and 
for the delivering upp of Iheir armes into his Maj"" stoares, and send- 
ing the Generall a receipt for the same, w^** receipts Ihe Generall sent 
lo the Com" of the Ordin". Noe addition was made to Ihe establishm' 
hnt by addilionall establishments prepared by Ibe Gen", who senl. 
nnd' his band (at the boltome) five duplicats of them lo his Ma*^ 
Principnll Secretary of Slate, to be humbly presented to his Ma''. 
Afler his Ma'' signed them, they were distributed as fotloweth. tn 
wit, one of them to ihe Gen", one uf them lo his Ma'" Principall 
Secretary, one of them to the Paym'-Gen". another to Ihe Comiseary- 
Gen". and one of Ihem lo the Com" of tl.c Treasury; and the lite 
course was taken nboul all generall establishm'*. 

The forces in townc qunrler in the Citly and Libcrljcs of Wcslm', 



I 
■ 



250 



APPENDIX. 



i in the outletiB of Ilie Citty of London wilhoul the nails : 
I justices of peoci^ direct Iberein, and Ihe quarter-in" and conslablei 
] Ugned the billets they are all uppon jnncs. victnaling-howses, 
tkternSi and ale-houses : complaints of quarters, or of differences be- 
tweene soldiers and towneamen, were by the Genernll atill refcrr'd to 
the Earleo'f Craven, whose influence with the civill mngislrats nllwayea 
tended to the composure or according of thoae differencies, and was 
allnayes effectual in that behalfe. 

10. 
Charles R. — Our will and pleasure is, that the Bererall officer* 
hereaHer named, and under the salaries and enlertainmente herein 
expressed, be added to our establishment of the forces lately by as 
raised for the defence of our person and goTernm', and continued in 
our pay from the day of their respective constitutions, unlill further 
order to the contrary, signified by ua, or onr right trusty and right 
intirely beloved couzen and couneello', George Duke of Albemarle, 
Cap'.-Gen*" of nur forces ; and the Comiasary-Gen"" of the m\ia- 
lers, paym', and all other oflicera and persons concera'd, are to 
take notice hereof. Given under our eigne maouell att Wbitebal), 
this ' 

F. Mensem. 
One adjutant to hia Ma" regiment of ffoole, 

alt 4». p. diem 5 12 (I 

One adjutant to his Grace George Duke of 

Albemiirle's reg' of ffoute att 4>. p. diem ■ ^ 12 
One quarter-m'' to bis Mn" regiment of Horse 

at 5t. p. diem 7 

One kettle-drum for the Kinges R' of Horse i 

3t. p. diem 



I 



4 4 



22 8 
CoL Russell* deairea their may be eadded /. d. 

one serg' to y' Kingea company att .16 p. diem. 
A drum-major att ....IS 

\ marshall att . . .40 

> Kndaraed. ' The Colonel of the 1st Foot Cuvdi. 



' Order for adjul 




e added to [he eslabliahm'." 



II. 



Military Papers— Charles II. State-Paper Office. 
Ord''s and Instruccrms to be observed by our Commissary- G en entl 
of y*' Musters and his Dcp'', and by Ihe officers and aouldiera of 
our respective Guards of Horse and Foot, and our severall |^- 

ur pay and ciiterlainmcnt. 

lall be allowed upon any mnslcr, who by losse of limhcs 




■ shall be alloned o 



passed the muster that 
,nd is not present at the muster, ex- 

or our GrSll. or the cheife officer 
r garrison to which he bcluiiges. and 
) monthes in a yeare. except such 

and tbcm durcing their sitting in 



or otliernaiei is unable 1 
Generall. 

2. Noe officer or Bonldi 
diligently allends not bis duty 
cept absent by permission of u 
comaiiding the regiment, Iroope. 
none to be absent more then t 
aa are members of Parliament 
Parliament. 

3. All passes or lycences for being absent shall be p''senled to the 
muster- master, whw is required to enter the same io a buoke, fairely 
nritteD, to prevent collusion ; and who ever exceeds y' time limited 
by bis passe for his abaence shall be respited, and not to be allowed 
the muster without ord' of our General). 

4. None shall p'sent himself or be p''sented to be mustered by a 
counlerfeit name or surname, thereby to defraud us of our pay, or 
upon any other accompt, and that otfioer or souldier offending herein, 
apoa complaint thereof to our Generall, shall be cashiered, oud also 
loose his pay for such masters. 

5. No housekeeper in the usuall quarters of our Guards of Horse 
or Foot, or our other regim**, or in any garrison, shall be received and 
entertained into our service and pay, and mustered as a private 
souldier without ord' ofour Generall ; nor shall any otHcer demand or 
receive, directly or indirectly, any suiTie of money whatsoever, of or 
from any coo -com mission officer or private souldier, for admitting 
and entertaineing him into any of oar troopes, componyes, or guarri- 
■ons und' his comaud. 

6. Xll coiniss"* granted by us or our Generall to any officer in our 
pay, sball be p'sented to y' muster- master, who is to enter the same in 
a hooke, fairely written : and no commission officer sball be allowed 
in musters, who is nol coiliissioned by ua or our Geuerall, or that re- 
fuseth or neglects to enter the same with our Commissary-Gra" of the 
Huslers, or his dep''. 

7. None sbnll be mustered but sucli as are compleatly armed, viz. 
Each horseman to have for bis defensive armes, back, breast, and pot, 
and for his offensive armes, a snord, a case of pistolts, the harrelis 
whereof are not to be und' fourteen inches in length, and each trooper 
ofour Guards to have a carbine, besides the aforesaid nrmes. And 
the Fool to have eai'h souldier a sword, and each pikcman a pike of 
16 foote long, and not und'; and each musqueteer a musquel, with a 
collar of handaliers, the barrell of w^ musket to be about foore foot 
long, and to conteine a bullet foureteen of which shall weigh a pound 

8. No souldier shall depart from his colours w^ut lytence of his 
cheife officer of y troope. company, or garrison to w''' he belongs, it 
being felony by the statute of y' 18"" of Henry y' 0", chap. 19. Nor 



'2o-2 



API'r.MUX. 



■hnll any noii-coiiiisB" officer or private souldier, ufler eiirollmenl and 
being mustered, be dismissed or cashiered by any officer n"'oul i>rd' of 
our Grn", or r regirocntnll court'itiarahall ; and in case such ncm-^omiM" 
officer or privale sonldier lie of our troopes of Horse G uards, by a 
court coiisifldng of the then p''8eDt coiTiission olHcers of the ihrefl 
troopes of Horse Guards, nor out of any garrison, hut by a court* 
marshall as our Gi^" shall direct, or by hia ord'. 

&. The ID u ate r- muster sball allwayes give convenient notice to y< 
officer ill cheif coiiianding the regiment, troope, comiiany. or garriscui, 
before the muster-day, of the lime and place for y' muster, that the 
officers and souldiers may have lime to make ready for the master, 
and that three mnater-roHs may be p'pared of their reBpective troopes 
and companyea ; in vi''' rolls the names of all the private aouldiera are 
to be written alphabetic ally ; one of v'^ rolls is to be in parchemeut 
for j' paymaster, and to be subscribed (w" one also w* y' muster- 
mastei is to keepe} by Ino coiTuHsion officers at least of their respec- 
tive troopes and uompanyes. together w"' the muster- master, aud tha 
other muster-roll to be subscribed ooely by the muster-master, w"* 
the officer is to keepe, (ind tioe roll to be received and allowed by th* 
muster-master and paymaster otherwaies, and the said mnslei-roiU to 
be perfected forthwith after the master. 

10. Noe officer or souldier sball be mustered and paid in a doubla 
capacity, except a ^nerall officer or feild officer in (he same regiment 
whereof he is o feild officer, or g;overnn'^ of a guarrison haveing coinaod 
of horse and foote for our service in the same, except by our speciall 
warrant or order of our General! : n'''' warrant or ord' shall bee also 
regislred w"' our ComisB''-gifn(?rall of musters in a booke. 

11. Alt officers and gouldiers. together m"' the m us tt^r- masters, not 
duely observeing these ord" and itutruccSns, or any of them re- 
■peclively. shall be cashiered. Whitehall, May 5*^, 1063. 

To our Commissary-Generall of y' Musters and his dep"'". 
and to all officers and souldiers of our respective Guards 
of Horse and b'uote. and our severnll garrisons in our pay 
and entertainemenl. 

By his Ma"" corTiand, 

(Signed) Hf.\kv Bp.nnlt. 

12. 

George Duke of Albemarle. Earl of Torrington, iJaron Monk of 
Potheridge, Ueaucbamp and Tees, Captain-General and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of all bis Majesty's Forces, Knight of the Most 
Nohle Order of the Garter. Master of his Majesty's Horse, and one 
of his Majesty's most Hon'''' Privy Council. 
By virtue of the power and authority to me given hy his moal 

excellent Mfgesiy, Charles 3~', i^c, 1 do hereby constitute tind sp- 



J 



appendix; 253 

point yoa, Anthony Vincent, to be Ensign to my own company of 
foot, in my own regiment, under my command, for the service of his 
Majfsty ; yoa are therefore to take into your charge and care the 
said company as Ensign thereof, and duly to exercise the officers and 
soldiers of the same in arms, and use your best care and endeavour to 
keep them in good order and discipline, hereby commanding them to 
obey you as their Ensign ; and you are likewise to follow and observe 
such orders and directions as you shall from time to time receive from 
his Majesty or myself ; and also you are to obey the superior officers 
of the said company, regiment, and army, according to the discipline 
of war, in pursuance of the trust reposed in you, and your duty to bis 
Majesty. Given und^er my hand and seal, at the Cock-pit, the 23^ 
day of January, 16^, and in the l^ year of his Majesty's reign. 

Albemarle. 

13. 
May, 1664. 

Fifty men were drafted from the regiment for the expedition to 

Guinea, and a like number for sea-service, under the command of the 

Dttke of Yorke. 



14. 

To the Right Hou^ John Lord Berkley, and the rest of the Commis- 
sioners for managing the office of his Majesty's Ordnance. 
These are to desire you to cause to be delivered out of his Majesty's 
stores in the Tower of London unto Captain John Huitson, .^00 match- 
locks, with 500 collars of bandeliers, for the use of 500 men, which 
are to be raised by his Majesty's order, and added to my regiment of 
Foot Guards for sea-service» 
Given under my hand* this 24^ day of Febr^^, 16f}. 

Albemarle. 



15. 

Two companies were added, April 15*^, 1667 ; commauded by Sir 
Robert Holmes, KnS and Capt*^ Robert Coke ; each company armed 
with 30 pikes, 60 m usque ts, with collars of bandeliers, 13 firelocks, 
103 swords, 2 halberds, 1 partizan, 2 drums. 

16. 

A warrant, dated l"* of May, 1667, to replace 120 firelocks lost by 
the regiment during the *' Fire of London." 



17. 

Cliarles R. — Riglit Irasty and right welbeloved cousin and coun- 
cellor, nee greelp you well.' Wliereas wee have thought fil. for tba 
belter carrying on of onr service in the Strei^ht.i. to send aome 
partyes of Innd-soldiers, to hee distributed into such of our men-of- 
nnrr in those parts ns have neede of Ibem. our wilt and pleasure is, 
that you give order for one comisston-olRcer, one Serjeant, or one 
corporall, with fifly niuskeleeres, under their coiTiand, to bee drawne 
(as proportion ably as you can) out of the respective companye* of 
vour reginent of our Foote Guards, and to bee delivered over to such 
officer or officers as shall bee appointed to receive them by our dearest 
brother, the Duke of Yorke, our Hlgbe-Admirall of England, in order 
to tbeir imbarqueing in the shippa now preparing to passe into tba 
Streights, to bee there distributed as aforesaid. The said comisston- 
oBicer and Serjeant, or corpornll, are to imbarque, goe along with, and 
comand the aaid party of your regiment, in their voyage, and lo bee 
carefuU to observe such orders as they shall receive from the eo- 
iTiander of (he sbipp in which they passe, nntill they shall deliver their 
men aboard with our Admirall S' Thomas Allen, nho will afford ac- 
comodation to the officers for their returne ; and then they are to come 
back to the regiment againe. Yoo are lo scud an oflicer to apply to 
our Payniasler-Generall of our land-forces for three loonths' advance 
of paye uppon account for the tnoe officers who goe to comand the 
said parly, which money is to bee paide unto (hero to (it them for their 
voyage, and is lo bee defalked from the regiment uppon paying off the 
musters, for which the same is, or shall become due lo the said officera. 
And when the said coiTianded party sliall bee aboard, yon are to give 
orders to your captaines to recruile and fill upp their companyes com- 
plete Hgaine, which the Comissaryea-Generall of the musters are to 
iillowB of accordingly. For which this shall bee sufficient warrant. 
Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 21" day of February, 16S8, and 
in the 22^ yeareof his Ma'" reigne. 

By his Ma"" comand, 



To our right trusty and right welbeloved Cousin and Coun- 

cellor, William Earle of Craven. 

" The like letter, (mutatis mutandis.) dated and signed ut supra, 
lo Col. John Russell, for the drawing out and sending a comission- 

L oflicer, aserjeanl, or corporall, and Gfly sold" out of his 14 cumpanyea 
of the fibote Guards about the lowne." 
Ch 
Whe 



Charles R. — Right trusty and welbeloved, wee greete you well, 
Wliereai we have thought fit for the better carrying on of oar s^Hce 



i 



APPENDIX. 2oo 

in the Slreightslo send some pnrlyes of Iniid -soldiers out of our Foote 
Guurds. and the Admirall'* reginienl. to bee pull nhonrd such of our 
men-of-warr in those p&rls as have neede of Ihrm, Rnd it being neces- 
sary that there bee a supply ofGre-armes, powder, matche, and bullet 
sent along with Uiera, our will «ad pleasure therefore is, thai you give 
order for one hundred, thirty-six Gre-annrs, eleaven bareli of powder, 
elesven hundred pound waighl of malche, with bullet proportionable, 
nnd one hundred ihirty-six collars of bandnleeres, (a third part of 
wbieb said fire-armes are to bee snaphances,) to bee delivered unto 
such officer or officers >s shall bee appointed to receive them by our 
dearest brother the Duke of Yorke, our Hlghe-Admirall of England, 
in order lo the imbarqueing the same with the said soldiers in the 
ahippa now preparing to passe into the Streights, to bee distributed 
(with the said soldiers) according to such orders as shall bee given by 
our Admirall, S' Thomas Allen, in that behalfe. Given at our Court 
at Whitehall, the il"* day of ffebroary, 1669. and tn the 23' yeare of 

By bis Ma"" cotTiand, 

Arlinoton. 
Too 



19. 
Charles R.^ — Onr will and pleasure Is, that out of our stoares you 
cause twelve barrells of powder.' ivilh bullet proportionable, and a 
double proportion ofmalche, to be delivered udIo Caplaine Thomas 
Mansfield, for the use of the twelve companies of the regiment of our 
Foote Guards, under the command of our right trusty and right weU 
beloved cousin and couneellour. William Earle of Craven. Given at 
gur Conn at Whitehall, the 23"' day of March, im. and in the two- 
and-tweutieth yeare of our reigne. 

By his Ma"** command, 

Arlington. 
To our right trusty nnd welbeloved, onr 
Commissioners of the Ordnance. 



' In a MS. belonging lo UuiUon Gumef, Esq., will be fouoii u mceipt lo 
miilie gonpawiJer, wriilen by an English scribe about Ibe ynr ISX), in very 
preriaa terms ; vii. Bsllpetre. quicli sulphur, and cbsrcoal from willowi. Ic is 
(ermrd ■ powder " id fiwiendum le Cruko." 

Guns ire called cnlteja of war in Gawin Douglas's TninslatioD of tke 
Eueid.— Folio. Edinbnrgb, 1810. 



I 




256 



Afl'ENDlX. 



Quarters of the Forte 



L 

^F His Ma^^ three Iroopes orGuirds 

^M Fourte en e companies (p»rt) of his Ma^'^regiraenl of 

^B Foote. under Ihe cummnnd of CoUoiiell John 

H Twelve companies of Fooie, being Ihe regiment 

H commanded by Ihe Ule Lord Uenerall, now under 

■ the command of the Right Hono"" William Earle 

^H of Crnvcu 

w 



All qnnrterod in 

and aboule the 

, citlies of Lon- 

n and Wesl- 



His Mn" 



Horse Ods., 
commanded , 
by the Right' 
Hono'''* All 
brey Earli 
Of Oxford 



■His Ma'** troope, commanded by the 

Lord Hawley ... alt Canterbury 
Earle orUxford.Colonell, his troope at Reading 
Major ffrancis Windham 'i Iroope at Salisbury 
S' Edward Brett's troope, at Watford 

and Rickmundstrorth ; ordered to Hamersmilh 
Lord Frcscheviirs troope . at York 

S' ffrancis Compton's troope at Uxbridge and 

Colebroolt 
S' Henry Jones's troope. at Scnnock 

and Bromley ; ordered lu . . HIghgale and 
Islington 
S' Thomas Armestrong'a troope at Fameham. 



Ten com pa- 

the remain' 

Ua>^ owDo 
regiment of, 
Foote Gds., 
QBder tlic 
command of 
Coll. John 
Russell 



|-Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
wick: 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 
Captain 

Captain 

L Captain 



; Wyan's companie 
: Stradling's companie 
' MuBgrave's companie, at II< 
ordered to . 
! John Walter's companie 
: John Strode'a eompanie 
: Osbom'i companie 
! Eaton's companie 

! Herbert Jeffcry'a "l 

) Skelloa's, and \ 

iS' Phillip MontkclonsJ 



It Berwick 
it Berwick 

. Carliile 

It Dover Castle 
it Portesmoulh 
it Tin mouth 
Castle 

itl York. 



APPENDIX. 



267 



Twelre com- 
panies, be- 
ing the Lord 
High Admi- 



Collonell S' Cha* lattleton's \ 

Captaine Anthony Boiler's /cooip- at Harwich 



Liet<-CoU. S' John Griffith's*] 
Captaine Bennett's, and Scomp^at Hall 
Captaine Middleton's J 

Major Nathan* Dorrell's companie at Land-Guard 

Fort 



rail's regini*< Captaine Cartwrigbt's company 



of Foote, un- 
der S' Cha" 
Littleton's 
command 



Captaine Bromley's company 
Captain Titos' companie . 

Captain Vaoghan's company 



Ten compa- 
nies, being 
the Holland 
regiment, 
commanded 
by S' Wal- 
ter Yaoe 



at Grayesend 
at Plymouth 
at Deal and 

Walmer 
at Chepstow 
Castle 
Captain Herbert's company . at Guernsey 
. Capt. S*^ Boorchier Wrey 's companie at Sheemess. 

tf^Collonel S' Walter Vane's 1 
Capt. S' Tbo. Woodcock's / ^"P* ** Windsor 
Lt.-Coll. S' Tbo. Howard's ^ ^^^ 

Major S' Tbo. Ogle's, and Vcomp* at Ply month 
Capt Henery Pomeroy's J 
Capt S' Herb< Londsford's 1 
Captaine Baptist Alcock's / ^"P" ** Berwick 
Captaine Henry Sidney's companie at Carlisle 
Captaine William Cownley's company 
at Carlisle ; ordered to . . . Berwick 

^Captaine Manley's company . at Jersey. 

Here foUoweth several! Guarrison companies not regimented. 

One compaay at Berwick 

One companie at Carlisle 

One companie at Chester 

One companie at Goemsey 

Three companies at Hall 

Two companies at Jersey 

One companie at Pendennis 

Two companies at Plymouth 

Six companies at Portesmooth 

Two companies at Scilly 

One companie at Isle of Wight 

Govemoor and thirty soldiers, at Sandon Fort, in the island 

One companie at Scarborough Castle 

Three companies at Tower of London 

One companie at Tinmoath Castle 

A lieutenant and thirty soldierB at Upnor Castle 

One companie at Windsor Castle. 



•21. -^ 

Two halberls, foure firelocks, six miiskels, and fonre pikes 
broLen ■□ tlie last Easier holidnyea by Cap" Richard Kirkbye's com' 
pnny nf Ihe Coldstream, to be excliaii);:ed from the itores of tbi 
Ordnauce. 

Dated 11"^ April, 1G70. 



Tito ould ungefviceaMe drams of Cap°° John Mutlowe's company 
of the Coldstream, to be exchanged for tiro drums, with druraaticks, 
outoflbe stoares of llie Ordnance. 

Baled 1 1"- April, 1C70. 



Chnrles R. — Whereas wee are given to understand, thai by diTec- 
tions of our late Generall deceased, foure hundred neir (likes, and 
six hundred new collars of bandeleere, were contracted for to bes 
made (according to pallernes). and to bee delivered into the office of 
our ordinance, whicli were intended for (he use of the regiment of our 
ffoot Guards, now under the command of our right trusty and right 
welbeloved cousin and eouncellour, William Enrle of Craven, in re- 
gard that the pikes and collars of bnndeleeres, which they now have, 
being long, and still used for their ordinary duly, and mounting the 
Guards, were not jndged goe usefull as these new ones, which are to 
bee reserved for any exlraordinary occasion of our service : We have 
therefore thought fit t, and doe hereby signify unto you our will and 
pleasure, thai you cause the said foure hundred pikes, and six 
hundred collars of bandeleeres, to be delivered out of our stoares, unto 
our trusty and welbeloved John Miller, Esq', major of the said regi- 
ment, for their use, as an additional! supply* of armes. to bee reserved 
as aforesaid, hee giving an indenture or receipt under his hand for 
the same. And for soe doeing this shall bee your warrant. Given at 
our Court at Whitehall, the tenth day of June, I6TI), in (lie 22^ yeare 
of onr reign B. 

By bis Ma"" command, 

Arlington. 
To our right trusty and welbeloved 

S' Thomas Cbichely, Master of our Ordinance. 



The Duke of York to convene thn Colonels of regiments to consider 
of military affairs, unregulated since my Lord General's death. 
Dated 18"" June, 1870. 




25. 
Charles R- — Whereas wee liave beene gTaciously pleased to grant 
unto yoD, onr right trusty and right welbeloved cousin and couucel- 
loar, William Earle of Craven, Collonell of a regiment of our ffool 
Gaard«, one private ioldier's pay out of each company of the twelve 
cotnpaniei of the snid re^ment under your comTnand, You. are there- 
fore to give order to the respective Captalnes, or other offioers-ia- 
cbiefe, with the said twelve companies, by the next muster, to dis- 
band one soldier out of each company In the said regiment; And 
tbat at the said next muster, the said Captaines, or other officers 
respectively, shall enter the names hereon indoraed in Ibeir mnster- 
roUes, (being the names to bee mustered in the said twelve compa- 
nies respec lively.) In the places of the soldiers soe to bee disbanded 
to the end tbat the pay for the names soe entered may hee allowed lo 
you the said Earle of Craven ; of which our C om 01 issaries- Gene rail 
of the Musters are hereby required to take notice, and to pass and 
continue (he said twelve names in the muster- rolles of the said com- 
panies, in the ensueing musters ; that is to say, one of them in each 
company, untlll further order, wee havejng given order to our Pay- 
mas ter-Generall of our fTorces to stop that soldiers pny in his hands, 
from each of the said companies, to the end that the same may bee 
from time lo time paid unto you. And for soe doeing this shall bee 
your warrant. Given at ocr Court at Whitehall, the 19* day of 
August, 1670. 

By hia Ma"" command. 



Here followelh the twelve names indorsed on the back of tlie 

foregoing order. 
In the Earle of Craven, Collonel, his owne 



company ..... 

la Lieu'-Coll. S' James Smith's company 
lo Major John Miller's company 
In Captalne Winter's company . 

In Captaine Mansfield's company 
In Captaine Peter's company 
In Captaine Mutlowc's company 
In Captaine Clarke's company . 
In Captaine Coke's company . 
In Captaine Bertye's company 
In Captaine Huitson'e company 
lu Captaine Kirkbye's company 



, Rowland Slarkey. 
. Samuel I Parry. 
. Paul Mercer. 
. John Thomas. 
, Nicholas Cbolmley. 
, Lancelot Lowther. 
. Edward Barford. 
. Richard Collinsoo. 
. Peter Johnson. 
. Hugh Ouiltiame. 
, Robert Peterson. 
, William Jameson. 



I 



■26. 

4 jinrllziiiis. 11 halberts, 27 [likes, 35 RiBtchlocks, 32 Itrelocka, mid 

a drums, 1(1 be delivered oul of Ihe Orduniicc stores, iii lieu of IIiom 

broken nt severnl tim^s in dispersing of Conventicles, nnd al the fire 

ill Soulliwark. as cerliGed by Major John Miller, Ifi" Sept,, 1670. 

Dated 32^ Sept., 1670. 

27. 
Charles R. — We being given to nnderiland Ibnt tlie Colooell 
comp> of the Coldatrcam reg< of our FoolOuards, under the command 
of onr right trusty and right nelbetoved cousin atid councillor 
William Earl of Cra»en, had formerly get oul to thom for their quar- 
ters in the precincts following, to nit, from the Cnstle Tavern on 
Snow Hill, to Holborne Conduit, and to on to Holborne Bridge, and 
all Holborne below bar, except Elye Rents, pari of Field Lane from 
Holborne to the sigD of ihe George ; part of Shoe Lane from Hol- 
borne to Ihe sign of the George ; part of Fetter Lane from Holborne 
to the sign of the Three Hone Shoes and Cnstle Yard ; pari of Ibe 
eeit side of Gmy's Inu Lane from Holhorne to Baldwin 'a Ganletu. 
nnd Baldwin's Gardens and S' Dunstau's in the West, as nincb as w 
■landing since the conflagration, we have thought fit to ooiilinue these 
(jiiartera of Ihe said company. You are therefore lo qnarter the said 
company in inna, victualling- houses, taverns, and alehouses, with all 
eqnalily nnd indiSerency within the limits and bounds aforesaid, UDlil 
further orders. W^herein we require all our officers and constable* 
whom it may concern to be assisting unto you : and you are to be 
careful that ygur soldiers carry themselves civilly, and duly pay for 
what they shall receive al Iheir quarters. Given at our Cimrt kt 
Whitehall, the •af day of March. Ifl7f. 

By his Majesty's command. 

To our trusty nnd well-beloved Capt. Saunders. 

Captaiu-Ueulenanl of the company above mentioned. 



The pay of the soldiers of the Foot Guards " which usually alleads 
OUT person" lo be reduced to 8^ a day, the same as the line, when 
duty at Rochester, &c.. until Ibey shall reluro to attend ua. 
Dated 1«* May, 1671. 



L 

^^H Cbfflet R— Onr will and pleasare is, thai for the conliguons 

^^^ ^WtiMcWf of llw Coldstream regiveal uf our Pout Guards, under Ibe 

^^B ea— ilJ of our right Iru^tv and right nrlbeloved cousin oud coun- 

t 



APPENDIX. 



261 



cillor, William Earl of Craien, they continue and re-aMiime tbeir 
quarters in the respective parishes, places, and precincts foUoning, 
viE*; that part of the pnrisb of S* Giles's in the Fields not lakeo up 
by our own regiment of Fout Guards, under Culoiiel Russell's codi- 
mand, the parishes of S' Andrew's Holborn, S' Dunalan's in the 
West, S' Bridget's, the precinct* of Bridcnrell, the parishes of Grent 
S' BartholemeK'. and S' Bartbolemew's the Less, S' Sepulchre's, S' 
James's Clerkenwell, S< Botolph's AJdersgate. S' Giles's Cripple- 
gate. S' Leonard Sboreililch. S' Mary Islington, and Moorfields. 
being part of S' Bulolph's Bishopsgale : In oil which places you are, 
with all equality, to take up quarters for the said regiment in inns, 
Tictuul ling- houses, taverns, and alehouses, tintil further orders. 
Wherein all our officers, justices of peace, and constables, whom it 
■nay concern, are hereby required to be assisting unlo you ; nnd you 
are to be careful that the soldiers carry themselves civilly, and duly 
pay their quarters. 

And it is nevertheless our will and pleasure thnt two companies 
(removable from time (o lime out of the said regiment) be continued 
to quarter and do duty in our Borou(;h of Sonthwark until further 
orders ; for all which this shall be sufficient warrant. Given at our 
Court at WliilebaU, Ibc 16^ day of August. 1671. 

By his Majesty's command. 



Abli 



ro our trusty and well-beloved John Miller, Esq^ Majoi 
the Coldstream regiment above mentioned.' 



of 



No Serjeant or corporal of the two regiment* of Guards 
to keep any victualling or ale house: nor any soldier to mnrry with- 
out the consent of his Captain, upon pain of being cashiered, and 
losing the pay that might be due. 

Dated 3' Nov., 1671. 
31. 

Charles R. — Right trusty and right welbeloved cousin and coun- 
cetlour, wee greet yon well. Our will and pleasure is, that you give 
orders for drawing out of lenn soldiers (without Iheire armes) out of 
each of the twelve companies of the Coldstreame regiment of our 
(footi! Guards under your command, who are to be cleared with for 
their pay, and lo be delivered unto snch officer or officers as our most 
deare and intirely beloved sonne, James Duke of Monmouth, shall 
appoint to receive them ; lo the end that they may be entertayned in 
a regiment ofObote, which wee have give order to onr said sonne lo 



I 




raise and comtnand: And you are, after the said men shall be draw 
ont and deli V ere d as Bforesaid, to give order to the captaines lo re- 
cruile their companjea : for which this shall he sufficient warrant. 
Given at our Court at Whitehall, llie 18"> da; of February, 167}, and 
in the 24"' yenre of our reigne. 

By his Ma"*^ command. 

To our right trusty and right welheloved cousin and coun- 
cellour. William Earle of Craven, or in his .ibsenct. to the 
office r-in-cheife commanding the Culdslreame regiment of ' 

our Foot Guards under his command. 

32. 
Six BDnphance musketts, and six collars of bandeleers, to Captain 

Bertye's comp' ; and four snapliance musketls, and four collars of 

bandeleers to Capt" Huitson's comp'. in lieu of so many lost and 

destroyed in the late lire in Covent Garden. 

Dated 12"' March, tG7j. 

33. 
It being frequently necessary to send yaughs or advice-boats down* 
the river into the Downs, or upon the coast, the King's regiment of I 
Guards and the Coldstream are lo send alternately ten or eleven men, 
with their arms, on board, upon this service, as often as the Duke of ] 
York shall appoint. 

Dated 27"' March, 1672. 



Charles B.— Right trusty and welheloved councelloDr, wee great 
jou well. Wee are graciously pleased to grant that twelve colonra, 
with staves and tassells to them respectively, be forthwith provided 
and made, according to the modell and distinctions of the last colours 
made and provided in our wardrobe for the use of the Coldstreama 
regiment of our Foot Guards, under the command of our right trusty 
and right welheloved cousin and counccllour, William Earle of 
VscbL Craven, of which our trusty and welheloved Major John 
Miller will give you the modell. Our will and pleasure 
therefore is, that you cause the said twelve colours, with staves and 
tassells to them as aforesaid, to be made and fitted, and that you cause 
them to be delivered unto the said Major John Miller for the use of 
the twelve companies of the said regiment. And for soe doing, thia, 
with his receipt for the same, shall be your warrant and discbarfA. 
Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 13"' day of April, 1072. 
By his Ma"" command, 

Ahlingtoh. 
To our right trusty and welheloved councellour, Ralph Mon- 
tague, Esq', tnaater of oor wardrobe. 



I 




Charlea R. — Upon coDsideration of tbe annexed ceTtifficate of 
Major John Miller, it is onr will and pleasure, that out of the ai 
of our office of tbe Ordnance you eause ninety-one snaphar 
ketts, tiinety-one matclilock iiinsketu,aue hundred eighty-two coHrts 
of bandtleera. (suitable to tbe rest of their bandeleers.) nyne halberia, 
one drnmrn, tweUe barrells of powder, wilb a double proportion of 
inatcb. to be delivered lo such officer as tbe said Mnjor Miller iball ap- 
point, for tbe use of tbe nyne companies heere in lot*ne (as they are 
now to be recruited) of tbe Coldstreame regiment of our Guards, under 
the command of our right trusty and right welheloved cousin and coun- 
cellour, William Earle of Craven, except the said drumtn, which is for 
the use of Caplaine John HuiUou's company, now in our fSeete, for 
which this, with the indenture or receipt forthem, shall be your warrant 
aod discharge. Given at our Court at Wbitehall, the 3^ of May, 1672. 
By his Ma<^ command. 



To our right trusty and welbeloved councellour, S' Thomas 
Chichely, Kn', our Master-Generall of our Ordnance. 

" For rectuites to Captaine Coke's company when hee went 
" lo sea ; — 10 firelock musketta, 10 match locks, 20 collars of 
" bandeleerea. 

" ffor recruiting nyna companies — 61 ffire lock muskelts, 
" SI match locks. 162 collars of handeleeres, broad belts, and 
" covered with leather. 

" One balbert for each company — 9 halberts. 

" Captain Huitson, one dramm, hroaken c 
" Twelve barrells of powder, with a double 

" These I doe hereby certilie, 
" l-ofMay, 1672. 



I sbipp board, 
proportion of 



my hand, this 



" Jo. Miller. 



Charles R.^-Wbereaa Alexander Ellis, a soldier of Capt° John 
Pelers's comp' in the Colds*' reg'ofour Gnards, under the command 
of our trusty and right welbeloved cousin and councillor, William 
Earl of Craven, is now in tbe custody of (he martial of the said regi- 
ment for mutinouK and offensive words and demeanour towards his 
captain, tbe said Ellis pretending some of his pay to be dne unto him. 
Our will and pleasure therefore is. that there be a court-martial, to 
consist of six captains of our reg* of Guards, under the command of 
oar trusty and welbeloved Colonel John Russell,' and of six captains 



\ 



' First r^ment of Foot (iu«rd>, 




2G4 Al'PKNDiX. 

oDhe said fMili" reg>, (ofwlilcrli roiirt-marlial L* Col. Edward Gray' 
is to be president,) to bear aiid examine the business aforesaid. Yon 
are therefore to give directions to the martini of oor anid reg* of 
Gnards to attend the said colonels respectively, to nominate tbe cap- 
tains for the said court-martial, and to suminons tlie said president 
and twelve captains to meet and hold the said court-martial for thi* 
business, and to give notice to the parlies concerned of the lime and 
place of such court- martial ; the mHrtiall of our said regiment beiag 
berebj required to observe your direcliotis therein, mid to attend tba 
said court-martial. And we do hereby require and authorise the aatd 
court-martial to hear and examine tbe busioess aforesaid, and {after 
full examination and hearing thereof) to give Judgement and sentenca 
therein, according to military discipline, or according to such rules aa 
we have given in mailers of that nature, which they are hereby anlbo- 
rised to cause to be put in execution. For which this shall b« inffi- 
cienl warrant. Given at our Court at Whitehall, 22""' June, 1872. 

By his Majesty's command. 
To our trusty and welbeloved D' Samuel Barrow, Arlington. 

.ludge- Advocate to our Forces. 
-I?. 
The Accompt of Ensign Peryn's Charges of the Righl Hon' the E«rt 
of Craven's Colds'" reg' of his Majesty's Foot Guards, being com- 
manded lo conduct nccr 31HI men from the fleet, and afterwards by 
post to Portsmouth to conduct 30 soldiers, by orders from bia 
Majesty. £. t. d. 

Impri*. for a boat to Gravesend 10 O 

My expenses at Gravesend till commanded to London .1 HO 

For a boat to London 10 

For a boat to Gravesend a 2°^ time lo O 

My expenses there till commanded to the fleet . . .15 

For post-horses to Rochester 4 U 

For a boat to the lleet 17 

For a boat to attend me to get the soldiers from aboard the 

fleet and carry tliem aboard several ketches . . . I 15 6 
For a boat from fleet to Queeuborough . . . 7 « 

For post-horses To Gravesend and my expenses on the road 1 II U 

For a boat to Loudon O irt o 

For post-horses to Portsmouth and my expenses on the road 2 11 6 
My expenses in getting the soldiers ashore a1 

and on my march from thence to London 
For a horse from Portsmouth 



Dated the SI" J 





APPENDIX. 

I hare perused lliia bill of disbursetnenU, and do tbiak llie same 
reasonable lo be allowed and paid off to Eosign John Pcrvn, nho 
by order lately conducted the parties of soldiers abotemenlioned, from 
bis Majealy's fleet to ibe Colds" reg" of bis Majesty's Guards. 
Jo. Miller. 
(Major of the Colds'" reg"), 
CbarleB R. — Warrant dated 3*^ July, 1072, directing payment of 
£ld 17i. 6d. to Easigu Peryn, for conducting from tbc fleet 300 sol- 
diers of the Colds, reg" of tbe Foot G", as appears by the aanexed 
accompl attested by tbe major of tbe said reginieut. 

By his Majesty's command, 
To Sir Stephen Fox, K', Clitford. 

Paym. Gea' of our Forces. 

38. 

Charles R.— Warrant dated Wbilehall. 5 July, 1672.— Nine comp* 
of the Colds" reg' herein menf', that of the arms of tbeir comp* re- 
spectiToly, so many are lost and spoiled as is herein menr*, at sea, on 
board our sbipps : our will and pleasure is. that you cause forty-nine 
anBpbancc musketls, fifty roalcblock masbets, three balberts. thirty- 
three collars of bandeleers, and nice pykes, to be delirered. S;c. 

To Sir Thomas Chicbeley, K', Clifford. 

oar Master-Gen' of our Ordnance. 

A List of Arms lost and broken at Sea belonging lo the Coldstream 

regiment, certified by Capt" Sanders and all Ibe Captains. 

Hy Lord Craven's company ; firelocks 3, matchlocks 3, collars of 

Major Miller's company; firelocks 2, matchlocks I, collars of ban- 
deleers 3. 

Capl. Mansfield's company ; firelocks 7, matchlocks 8. 

Capt" Mullowe's comp' ; firelocks 6, mnlrhlocks it, balberts 1. 

Capt" Kitkby's comp' ; firelocks I, matchlocks 1, bandeleers I. 

L'-Col. Sir James Smith's comp' ; firelocks 6, collars of bandeleers 
12, balberts 1. 

Capl" Winter's comp' j firelocks 6, matchlocks 10, balberts 1 . 

Capl* Peter's comp* ; firelocks 8, malcblocks 12, pikes 4, collars of 
bandeleers 16. 

Capt" Clark's comp' 1 firelocks 9, matchlocks 6, pikes 5, collars of 
bandeleers 6. 

In all, firelocks 49, matchlocks 50, balberts 3, bandeleers 33, 
pikes 0. 

These arms being certified lo me by the cnptains of each company 
to hare been lost aod broken al sea, I do hereby humbly certify that I 



ba*e received the parlicolara from eacb of Ihcm under Iheir liand*. 
As witnesimrlMiul, tbu&^day of July, 1672. Jo. MiLttH. 



Charlea R. — Some quarrell or misHenieaaourB having lately hap- 
pened betweene Lieuteu' George Laacells and Ensigne Robert (Roger) 
Kirkby, two officers of Ibe Coldstreame regiment of our Foot Guards. 
under tbe command of our right trusty and vrelbeloved cousin and 
councelloiir William Earle of Craven, at the Foot Gnards of tbe said 
regiment, our will and pleasure is, tbal tbere be a court-martiall, to 
consist of six caplaines of our reg;iment of Guards under the coTnmaud 
of our right truBly and welbcloved Colonell Jobn Russell, and of six 
captaines of Ae said Coldslreamc teginienl, (of which court-martiall 
Lieutenant-CoTonell Edward Grey is lo be president,) to beare and 
examine tbe businesse aforesaid. You are therefore to give direc- 
tions to the martiall of our said regiment of Guards to attend the said 
colonells respectively, for their nominations of tbe caplaines of their 
regiments respectively, to sitt at tbe said courl-marliall, and to sum- 
niun the said president and twelve captaines to meet and hold the said 
court-mar linll for this businesse, nnd to give notice to the parties con- 
cerned for tbe time and place of sucb courl-martiall, the martiall of 
the said regiment being hereby required to observe such direcfioDa 
therein, and to attend tbe said court-martiall. And wee doe hereby 
authoriKc and require the said court-martiall to heare and examine the 
afureBaid matter, and (after full examination and hearing thereof) to 
give judgement and sentence therein according to military discipline, 
or according to sucb rules as wee have given in mutters of that nature, 
which they are hereby authorized lo cause to be put in execution. 
For which this ahall be sufficient warrant. Given at our Court at 
Whitehall, thfi lA"* day of November, 1672, 

By his Ma"" command. 

To our trusty and welbeloved AhuNOTON. 

Doctor Samuell Barrowe, 

Judge- Advocate to our Forces. 



Captain Bevill Skelton, of I" Fool Guards, as eldest captain, is to 
command the eight companies drawu out of several regiments for 
service in France, and is lo receive bis pay during bis absence. 

Dated 25* November, 1673. 



41. 



Order 



ing and certifying what is due upon the last Muster lo 
the B Companies designed for France. 
Charles R.— Our will and pleasure is, tbat according lo the muster- 
rolls you audit tbe accompls of wbal pay will be due to the eight 




It 

1 



APPENDIX. 267 

companies of Foot, which we h»ve ordered to expect our further 
orders at Canterbury, for fifty -ilx days' pay, conimencing on the day 
of the last general muster commencing on the sixteenth of November 
last ; to wit. to Capt. Beiill Skellou's and Capt. Edward Sackville's 
companiei of our own regiment of Guards, to Capt. Joba Huition's 
company of the Coldstream regiment, to Capl. Churchill's of our 
High Admiral's regiment, to Capt. John Howard's of the Holland 
regiment, to Captain John Trelawney's of Colonel Fitz-Gerald's re- 
giment, to Capt. John Pigol's of our right trualy and right entirely 
beloTed cousin and councillor George Duke of Buckingham's regi- 
ment, and to Capt. Asbburnham's company of the Lord le Power's 
regiment : and when you have audited the said accompts respectirely, 
you are to give one or more debentures or certiHcateB under yonr 
hand for the pay due lo each of the said companies Rjr the muster 
aforesaid, upon which we will give warrants for the payment thereof, 
to enable them lo pay their quarters already due, and fur their sub- 
sistence and payment of their quarters, that they may be in readiness 
lo observe our further orders ; for which this shall be your warrant. 
Giten at our Court at Whitehall, 5<^ December, 1972. 

By his Mi^esty's command, 

Arlinoton. 
To our trusty and well-beloved servant. Sir Stephen Fox, 

Knt., our Paymaster- General of our Forces and Garrisons. 

Endorsed, " Warrant for payment of 8 companies designed for 
France ; mustered 16 Nov', 1672." 

(Additional IfS., British Museum, 5753, folio 204.) 

42. 
Charles R. — Right trusty and right welbeloved cousin and coun- 
cellour, wee greet you well. Wee have thought G(( and doe hereby 
signify unto you our will and pleasure, that you give order for con- 
tinuing or sending a careful officer, with such number of soldiers 
as (upon the request of M' Thomas Belterton) you shall thinke 
reasonable, from time to lime, out of the Coldstreame regiment of our 
ffoot Guards, under your command, to the theatre in Dorset Gar- 
den, to keepe the peace there, att and about the times of the pub- 
licque representations, soe that noe offense may be given lo the 
spectators, nor noe affront given to the actors. And soe wee bid 
yoa very heartily farewell. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 
27" day of ffebruary, 1671. By his Ma"" command, 

To our right trusty and right welbeloved ArliNotoM. 

cousin and councelo' William Earle of Craven. 



An accompl of what drums and collan of bandeleeres are want- 
ing to the fix companies that were not at leti the last summer 




APPENDIX. 

io his Mnjesty's Coldstream rrgiment or Foot (■ unrds, witii nti ndditioo 
of a drummer for his Lordship's own compaDy. 

Sir James Smitli'suoDipiiny 4S collars of bandeleeres. Zdrumraes. 
Major Winter's 48 Do. Do. 2 Do. 

CaplBin Manalield'R 48 Do. Do. 2 Do. 

,, Mullowe's 48 Do. Do. 2 Do, 

Coke's 48 Do. Do. 2 Do. 

„ Wythe's 4M Do. Do. 2 Do, 

Tlie Lord of Craven's coropany 1 drnmme. 

Soe there is wanting in all 28B collars of bandeleeres, 12 drums. 
Robert Winter. 



Usoal warrant to deliv 
Ece of Ordaance-" 



' the SI 



" from (lie stores milli in theOf- 



Dnled 22" March, 16T;. 



A General courl-roarlinl to assemble to try Gve soldiers of Ilie Cold- 
stream regiment for mutinous conduct against their officers on 
board the yacht proceeding to Ibe Downs. 

Dated 2"" April, 1674, 

The above fire sold" to be put onboard ibe Cntiibridge in the Downs. 
Dated 20^ April, IG74- 



4.^. 
In regard that 50 soldiers a piece of the three companies of the 
Kintc's regiment and Coldstream regiment of Foot (lUnrds, which nere 
ill the service of the King of France, together wiih Ibeir arms, were 
delivered for the recruiting of Colonel John Churchill's regiment ; oar 
will and pleasure is that out of the stores a( the Ordnance you 
cause 150 soldiers arms, in the usual proportion of matchlock and 
snaphance musketis and pikes, with collars of bandeleeres to the fire 
arms, to be delivered in lieu of so many left with the soldiers afore- 
said, and further to exchange for serviceable arms 34 armes of Cap- 
taine Skelton's company, .18 of Cnptaiue Sackville's, and 40 of 
Caplaine Huitson's. 

Dated 29"' April, 1674. 



Captain Huitson'a company of the Coldstream regiment lately n 
tived (14* April, mustered ao* April) from foreign service, cousisiii 



APPENDIX. 269 

of 48 men, ** to be mastered from 8^ April" (" the date to which 
paid aboard") at 60 soldiers, besides officers, being completed to that 
number on the muster of the 2^ of May. 

Dated 8^ May, 1674. 

47. 

Circular addressed to the Guards and the Governours of the Guarri- 

sons. 

S', — In regard his Majesty would have the established fforces of ffoot 
trained and exercised in the use of their armes in a manner different 
from that which they have been accustomed to, it is his Majesties 
pleasure that the same be put in practice ; in order whereunto, if 
there be any officers of the guarrison of Dover, or other persons 
there, who may understand that way of training and exerciseing, 
when it shall be sbewen to them, I desire you would be pleased to send 
one or two such officers or persons to mee, that I may take order for 
his or their seeing it, soe as to give you an accompt thereof, that 
you may give it in Order to be observed in the exercises of the com- 
pany quartered there, soe to prevent the trouble of any officers come- 
ing up from that guarrison hither for that occasion, which, by his 
Majesties command, is thus signified to you by, S', 

Your affectionate ffriend and servant, 

Whitehall, Monmouth. 

12«»' May, 1674. 

To CoU. John Strode, (the King's reg* of Foot Guards,) 
Govemour of Dover. 



48. 
£200 granted to Captain Huitson of the Coldst" as << of his Majes- 
ties gracious bounty and reward." 

Dated 20<^ May, 1674. 

49. 
So long as the Queen Consort shall keep her Court at Hampton 
one company (by turns) of the King's regiment of Guards and the 
Coldstream to do duty there, and to commence from the 17**' Septem- 
ber, and to be relieved every forty-eigbt hours. 

Dated 15*^ September, 1674. 

50. 
The following unserviceable arms of the Coldstream regiment 
of Foot Guards to be exchanged from out, of the stores of the 



270 APPENDIX. 

Office or Ordnance, and delivered lo Ricbird Waslibourne, quarter- 
Dated 19"' September, 1674. 





i 

1 


1 


1 


MusquetU. 


i 

9 


si 
11 

51 


The colonel's compon)' . 




8 






IS 




LieLt.-Col. Sir James Smilh-B . 




1 


1 


4 Matchlocks 


1" 


3 




Major llobon Winter's . . 
Captain Thomu Mansfield's . 


1 


2 


'I 


3 AlsKhlocks 


I'l 


6 
10 




,. John Mutlowe's . . 




1 




12 Matchkth 


It 


8 




„ John Clarke's . 
„ Robert Coke's . 
„ Richsrd Kirkhyes 
„ Jobn Iluiison's . . 
.. John Sannder, . . 
„ John Miller's . . 
„ Robert Wythe's . 




3 


( 

G 


3 Firelocks 
a Matchlocks 

B Firelocks 
16 MatehlockB 


} I 


7 

to 

IS 

25 


12 


Totall . 


1 


10 




ma 


131 


50 




Fourteen barrells of powder, with a double proportion of match, 
to be delivered for the use of the 14 compunies of the King's regiment 
of Fool Goarils attending ibe Court, and twelve barrels, with a double 
proporliou of malch for the use of the 12 companies of the Cold - 
stream ; and from henceforth, at Ibe end of every two months, the 
same proporliona of such amtnunition for the several compaoiea 
attending the King, until further order. 

Dated 33"> September, 1671. 

The same proportion of powder and malch (one barrel each com- 
pany) to be delivered to the companies of Guards doing duty at Ro- 
chester, and from the 23''' of September, at the end of every (wo 
months, Ibe same proportion to be supplied ; also for the use of the 
companies of the Coldstream tvlio shall next relieve at Rochester and 
other places. 

Dated -iS"' September, 1674. 



32. 



Six musters instead of bi 
in each regiment. 



D year to take place from I" January 



Dated 3"i Dece 



I 
I 




" Our orders for regulating our pslablialied forces in the year 
1680," authorising penalties to be inlticled, and punisliment awarded* 
by sentence o[ court- mattiaU on any officer or soldier for dronkeneH, 
renewed. 

Dated 10" May, 1678. 

54. 

The sum of £25 to be distributed, aa of bis Majesties gracious 

bounty, to the inferior officers and soldiers, being 101 persons, drawn 

out ofboth the regimentsof Foot Guards, to work, assist, and hinder 

the spreading of Ibn fire in Southwark. on the 26" May last 

Dated 9" June, 1076. 

55. 

My Lord, — It is bis Majesties pleasure (bat your Lordship forthwith 
give orders for the drawing out ofseaven men a piece out of the t«eWe 
companies of the Coldslresine regiment of the Foot Guards under your 
Lordship's command, being in all fourescore and foure soldiers with 
their armes, in the nsaall proporliuus of pikes and musketts, to be 
imbarqned for his Majesties service. And that Cap' John Mutlow, 
with the eldest lieutenant and eosigne that may be sent out of 
that regiment, (without sending two commissioned officers out of a 
company,) and the two eldest Serjeants, be sent from that regiment 
as officers for one company ; and that, after the soldiers shall be 
shipp'd, the companies shall be recruited againe to their formernumbers. 
Your Lordship is lo lake care that the officers respectively doe cleere 
with, and pay off the soldiers soe drawne out, without deducting any 
money for their cloathes : and that you cause them to be sent from 
the severall places where they are quartered aboard such vessells as 
the principall officers and commissioners of the navy shall appoint lo 
receive Ibem, in which the said officers and these men are to imbarque 
themselves for Virginia ; and the officers are to send your Lordship 
the shipp commander's receipts for the said men. 

Tour Lordship's most bumble servant, 

4"> October, 1676. Monmouth. 

To the R' Hon"* William Earle of Craven, or other 

Ibe officer-in- chiefe commauding the Coldstreame 

regiment of his Ma''" Foole Guards under his 

Lordship's command— These. 

56. 

Charles R. — Whereas we have thought fit that two soldiers of each 

company, now in the Tower, of the two regiments of Foot Guards, shall 



272 



AITKXDIX. 



be Iraitied and exercised bjr our trusly Jk well beloved Capl° Cbarlea 
Lloyd for Ibe duty of frranadiers ; oumill anil pleasure is, (but out of 
Ilie slureB nilliin the Office of our Orilnance you cause to be delivered 
tinto the said Capt" Charles Lloyd 20 granadier pouches, 20 fuzens, 20 
halchels and girdles for the use of the 20 soldiers out of the 10 compa- 
nies in Ihe Cotdstream regimeul, and for so doing this shall be your 
Given at our Court at Whilelall, 19* May, 1677. 
By bis Majesty's command, 

WiLLUHSON. 



The establishnieni of the Coldslream reg* to be increased from 6 
100 men a company. 

Dated ll"' January, 16;3. 
To be raised by beat of drum, and to show the warrant to Ibe 1 
Mayor before beating in the city. 

Dated 12"^ January, lOTj. 



King's warrant, dated January 14"', 16^. for adding 480 men to Ihe 
regiment, so as to complete each of the twelve companies to one hun- 
dred rank and file, and arms to be issued from the Ordnanre, viz< 320 
muakelts, 160 pikes, 320 collars of bnndileeres, and 1*2 balberts. 

CD. 
Charles K. — Whereas we have thought fit {for the occasion ofourser- 
vices)(o raise and establish eight companies to b<- added to the tvrelve 
companiesof our Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, so as to consist 
of 20 companies of 100 niea in each company, besides officers; that ia 
to say, one captain, one lieut', one ensign, three serj", three corporab, 
and ttvo drummers. Our will and pleasure is, that out of the stores 
nilhin the Office of our Ordnance, you cause to be delivered to Ihe regi- 
ment eight partizans, 34 balberts, 16 drums with slicks, 630 musketts, 
274 pikes, and 56(1 collars of bandileers, and for so doing this shall be 
your warrant. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 17'* day of 
January, 1(!7E- 

By his Majesty's command, 
J. Wi 



■ 



payment for cloathes for all the new raised soldiers and 
recruits in the present conjuncture. 
Charles R. — For the new cloathiug with a cloath coat lyned with 
bayes, one pairc ofkearsey breeches lyn'd with pockelts, two shirts, tt 



J 




APPENDIX, 



crevaU, one {iiir of shoes, onepnir of ynrne hoes. one )iatledt;'dlcbatl- 
band, one sash, find also one iword and belt, the uoii-com' officers and 
Bold'^ of the neiT comp' and recruits that shall be raised in punnanee of 
our respective add' estab", dated 10^ and U"' of January, 1671. Our W. 
& P. is, that tbe »'' cloalbingbe salisBed for out of (be off-reckonings of 
tbeirpny. orer and above tlieir weekly sabsistence money from lime to 
time. And in case the said new raised farces be disbanded before 
the off reck^ reserved shall be sufficient to pay for the above cloatbing, 
what they fnll short shall be paid out of our treasure then remaining, 
or to come into your bands, provided that the particulars before men- 
tioned do not eiceed fifly-three shillings in tbe whole for each 
man. Dated Whitehall, I' Feb' 197;. 

ToLemncle Kingdon, Esq. Paym. of the Forces. 

61. 
Charles R. — Trusty and welbeloved, wee greet you wpll. Under- 
standing that five companies, which were in our service at Virginia, 
namely. Colonel Herbert Jeffrey's, Lieut.-Col. Edward Picke's. Major 
John Mutlow's, and Captaine Charles Middlelon's companies, and 
C apt. William Meolea, deceased, his late company, are come in the 
■hip Unitie, of which Caplaiue Bartholeuew Kelcher is commander, 
inlo the Hope; Our will aud pleasure is, that you stop tbe said ship 
st Gravesend. and cause the said companies to come a 'hore 
there, being 375 soldiers besides officers, whereupon you are to dis- 
charge the said ship, and to tguarler the said companies st Gravesend, 
aud the townes and places adjacent, iu inns, Slc*, and you and 
the officers are to take care, &.c*, and to keep tbe -. oldiers thereabouts 
untill we shall send further orders for the disposing; of them. And aoe 
wee bid yon heartily farewell. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 
20"- day of March, IST;. 

By bis Majesties command, 

J. WlLMAHSDN. 

To our trusty and welbeloved Sir ffrancis Leeke, Kn', 

and Barr', Gov' of our Guarrisons of Gravesend 

and Tilbury, or, in his absence, to the officer- 

in-chiefe ciimmanding (here. 
Officers and soldiers of the Guards landed and mustered at GrnvesCDd, 
March 23*, 167;. from Virginia. 

In Colonel Jefferye's company — Lieuleuaut, 3 Serjeants, 3 corporalls, 
I drummer, 89 private soldiers. 

Capl. Pick e's company — captain, eusigoe, 3 Serjeants, 3 corporallg, 
1 drnmmer, 67 private soldiers. 

Capt Mutlow's company — captain, lieatenant, 3 seigeanls, 3 corpo- 
ralls, 1 drammer, 09 private aoldien. 

Ex-" J. Bathes, (Depr Comm' of Musters.) 



I 



Charles R. — We having thought Gt, and nccoriJingly ordered, that 
there shall he one hundred men rHUed, besides officers, to serve as • 
company of grsnadiers under Captain William Rjg'g'scommnnd; which 
conipany^ we have thought lil to add to the ColdstreRm reginienl of our 
Foot Guarda under your commaud : and we having allotved the sum of 
one hundred pounds to be put into your bands aa levy money for the 
raising of the stud company; we do hereby declare that the snid le»y 
money is to be paid unto you, upon condition that you shall be an- 
swerable unto us for tbe mskiiig and completing of Ibe aaid levy of 
tbe said company witliin six weeks next after that you shall have re- 
ceived the said levy money, in order to the paying of it to Ibe said Cap- 
lain Rigg. Given at our Coart at Whitebal], the 4>^ day of April. 1878. 
By his Majesty's command, 



J. Wii 



To 



ight trusty and right well beloved cousin 
and councillor William Earl of Craven, Colonel of 
the Coldstream reg< of our Foot Guards. 



Memo. A printed order was filled up and directed to Cnpt" W" Rigg 
(dated SO"* March, 1678) for raising his company of graoadiers 
added to the Colds'" reg' of Foot Guards.' 

Capt. W. Rigg's Coram" as Capt. of the Granadier Comp', 
dated 1 March, 1671. 
Charles R. — Our will and pleasure is, that out of such nitmies aa 
are, or shall come to your hands, for the use and service of a 
war against Ibe French King, you pay unio our right trusty and right 
well beloved cousin and councillor William Earl of Craven, or whom 
he shall appoint, tbe aura of one hundred pounds as levy money 
for the raising of one hundred men, besides officers, to serve as a com- 
pany of granadiers under Capt. William Rigg's command, which we 
have thought lit to add to tbe Coldstream rcg' of our Foot Guarda 
under the said Earl of Craven's command, for the use and service of a 
war against tbe French King ; and for so doing, tbia oi 
together with the acquittance of the said Earl of Craven o 
confessing the receipt thereof, shall be your discharge. G 
Court at Whitehall, tbe 4"^ day of April, 1678. 

Uy bis Majesty's command, 

J. WtLLUBS 
To our trusty and well beloved si 
Lemuel Kingdor 




APPENDIX. 



B4. 



A court-martial to assemble to enquire into the dispate amongst the 
following officers, viz. Captain Eastlnnd, Lieatenanl Sandys, and 
Lieutenant Dallisou of the Coldstream Guards. Sir James Smilli, or 
in case of his bodilj indisposition. Major Thomas MnDsfield to be pre- 

Dated 9* April, 1678. 

65. 

Extract from a warrant dated April 13*, 1678, 

The foUonitig arms to be delivered to the company of grauadiers of 

the Coldstream Guards, consisting of one captain, two lieutenantsi 

three Serjeants, three corporals, and one hundred soldiers, viz. ; — 

lOSfuzees, with slings to each; 103 cartridge boxes, with girdles; 

103 granadoe pouches; 103 bayonets ; 103 hatchets, with girdles (o 

Ihem : 3 halberds ; 2 partizans. 

66. 
£100 lo be paid to Mtgor John Mullow of the Colds", as of bis 
Majesties gntcioaa bounty for service performed, for the use and 
service of a war against the French King. 

Dated IS" April, 1678. 

67. 

To Lord Howard, of Escrick, com' at Ostend. 

Ensign John Clerke, of Capt. Clerke's corop* of the Coldstrean] reg'. 

to be allowed to come over from Ostend for fourteen days, " in 

order to the acknowledging and passing of a Gne and recovery this 

present terme." 

Dated I2« May, 1678. 



I 



James Duke of Monmouth and Buccteugh, Earle of Doncaster and 
Dalkeith, Lord Scott of Askdale, Tindale and Whitchester, and 
Cap tain- Gene rail of his Majesties Land Forces, ic". 
Having by lelleribeareing date the Ifl"^ of May last to the Right 
Hon^ Thomas Lord Howard of Escrick, commander of his Majesties 
forces in Ostend, given leave to Ensigne John Clerke, Ensigne of Cap- 
taine John Clerke's company of the Coldstreame regiment of his Ma- 
jesties Foot Guards (now in Flanders) to come over into England for 
the space of fourleene dayes, I doe hereby continue the lycence 
soe granted to the said Ensigne Clerke for his contitiunnce here for 
fourleene dayes more n^xl after the date hereof, hereby requiring 
the comnissaryes-generall of the musters lo allow and pass him upon 
the musters, notwithstanding his absence from the said company in 
Flanders for the time aforesaid. Given under my hand the first day of 
June, 1678, MoMtouTH. 

To Henry Howard, Esq' and S' Cecill Howard, Kn', Commis- 
sary es-Generall of the Musters, their Deputy ajid Depulyes, 



The muster- rolls of Ibe companiea of the Coldstream reg' in Flan- 
ders, comiuencing the 1" March and the VMay, I67S. should have 
becD two each ; one before the increase, and one nfler tlie Inl 
to tlie establishment. Distinct oiusler-rolls to bn made of the s 
comp*, and Major MansGeld is to stga them instead of iLe ofHcars of 
those comp*, and the commissaries of the muslcra are then to pass them. 
Dated 3' June, 167». 

70. 

Part Df Capt Mutlowe's company of the Coldslream O uards pat o 
board ship and mustered by me at Virgioia, the 2"' day of April, 
IS79: Eosign Thomas Seymour, Serjeant LodoT. Carlisle, Corporal 
James Edge, Privates John Cox, Sam' Jones. Thomas Stafford, Will" 
Tohains, Thomas Booker, Thomas Peters, John Bragg, John Mume, 
Will™ Morris, Robert Linley, John Smith. 

Part of do. put on board and do. Ihe 19^ April, 1079 : Lieut, John 
Tonge, Serjeants Roger Walker, Will" Cooper, Corporals Sam' Hos- 
tin, Gervis Crump, Drum' Jonas Atkins, George Dance, Privates 
Charles Brown. Rich'' Beasley, Tho' Britlou. Will" Butler. Will- 
Barrington, John Elmeaton, James Harlow, John Hange, Thu* Hich- 
man, George Guy, Sam' Lewis, Nicholas Parsons. W" Quartcrmaine, 
John Rack. Henry Rakes I raw. John Severne, Humphry Smatlwood, 
John Torapson, Richard Tyler. Sampson Whyte, Rich'' Winwood, 
Thomas Witlehall, John Whiliop. Thomas Whitehead ; Chimreeon's 
Mate, Thomas Bochftii ; Quarler-M' and MarlisU, John Tonge. 

These are humbly to certify that Ihe above-named officers and 
soldiers, now mustered on ship-board at Virginia by me on the respec- 
tive days above mentioned in order to their trausportalion for Eng- 
land, some of which landed in England the latter end of May, and the 
rest about the 10" June instant. 

GEORdE WacOPE. 
June 22"i, 1C78. Commissary of the Musters. 

[2 officers and 24 men of the I" Foot Guards, and S men of the Hol- 
land regiment (now Ihe 3" Fool) embarked and arrived at the same 
lime. They formed pari of the regiment under L'-Colone! Herbert 
Jeffrey, of the 1" Foot Guards, sent to Virginia in October, 1678.] 

71. 
Payment to be made for the repairs, Ecc. of Major Mansfield's (of 
the Coldstream) "Lodgings at the Foot Guard by Goring House," 
from I- April, 1677, to l" July, l(i78. 

72. 

Respite removed from the pay of Phillip Gubb, Will™ Ward, and 

John Washborue, private soldiers in Capl" Wythe's comp' of tho 



Coldslream Guards, alMenl from the muater on the 1" of Uarch last, 
but eince appeareil. 

Dated I81h July. 1678. 

73. 

Proviaions fDmished out of his Majesty's great Wardrobe for a war 
against France, by virlne of liia Majesty's warrant, under his si^et 
■nd sign manual, directed to the Right Hon. Ra1|ih Montagu, Master 
of tlie said Wardrobe, being the particulars hereafter mentioned, ai 
appears by the bills si^ed by tlie sereral officers belon^ng to tbe 
aforesaid great wardrobe. 

Velvet coats and cloth cloaLa trimtned with silver and silk lace, 
and silver and silk buttons and loops, the coals embroidered with 
his Majesty's Lre'a.' aud crowus oil backs and breasts, for several trum- 
peters and keltle-dnimmers. 

Also rich emhroidered banners trimmed with gold and silver fringes, 
and painted banners trimmed with silk fringes, with boots, stock- 
ings, hats, gloves, swords, bands, cuffs, and shirts for them. 

Also velvet coals trimmed with silver and silk buttons and loops 
embroiderod with his M^esly's Lres, and crowns on backs and 
breasrs, for ten haalboys and four drummers ; with cloth cloaks, 
breeclies. batts, and stockings, and two standards for the detached 
party to he drawn out of the Horse Guards. 

Colours for the King's royal regiment of Dragoons, and for the 
Queen's regiment of Horse, all richly embroidered with his Ma- 
jesty's distinctions, and trimmed with gold and silver fringes and 
strings, and lassells suilable- 

Ensigns for the Foot Guards, with slaves to the standards, colours. 



£. f. d. 

10. Thomas Mason 5 

11. Thomas Tempter 5 

12. Lawrence Verrier 12 fl 

13. Margaret Marshall a6 

14. Edward Younger 5 15 O 

15. JohnPaudevin 14 14 

16. John Allan 44 15 6 

17. Daniel Deine . 43 a 6 




1. William Edwards 36 

2. Thomas Hawley 151 

3. Nicholas Pownes 340 

4. James Smithsby 67 

5. William Toslin 352 
fl. Benjamin Shule IB 

7. Daniel Denie 70 

8. William Terry 14 

9. W-. Rutlish & 

Geo. Pinckney -114 



6 llH 
19 9 
5 0) 



(Dep> to the Master of the Great Wiudrobe). 
Charles R.— Our will and pleasure is, that of such monies as ar 



^ 



APPENDIX. 

or ahsll uone fo youf barida for Ibe use nod servke of a war againgt 
the French King, you pay unio our trusty and nelbelovcd Ralph 
HontHgu, Esq', Master of our greal Wardrobe, or nhoin be shall 
appoint, the sum of one thousaud six hundri'd and tbirty-eighl 
pounds fourteen sbillioga and eigbtpence fartbiug, lo lie paid to the 
several persons, and in the respective proportions nilbin loeDtioaed, 
for Ibe particulars and work within expressed, for the use and service 
of a war against the French King, according lo the nlthia ftccompl 
thereof, under the bund of Robert Notl, Esq^ Deputy to the Master 
of our said great Wardrobe, in full discbarge of the said accompt. 
And for so doing, this our warrant, together with the acquittance of the 
said Ralph Montagu, or his assign, confesstngthe receipt thereof, shaU 
be your discharge. Given at our Court at WhitehaU, the 28* day of 
July, 1678. 

By his M^esty's command. 

J. WlLLUMlON. 

To our Irusly and nelheloved servant, Lemuel Kingdon, Esq'. 

74. 

Eigbtscore of arms in the usunl proportion of pikes and musketts, 

with collars of bandoleers to the musketis, to be delivered in the room 

of the like namber, taken by the drafted men from the Coldstream to 

Flnndera. 

Dated 7th August, 1G78. 

73. 

7S musquets, with collars of bandeleeres and 3 pikes, to be delivered 

(o Quartet- Master Rich"" Washbourne, of Colds. Guards, for recrnita 

raised in lieu of those sent with their arms into Flanders. 

Dated 22nd August. I<t78, 

76. 

The following is a copy of a Letter from the Duke of Monmouth 

to the Earl of Feveraham. 

{September, 1678.) 
■■ My Lord,—! have received your L"" of the C"" & 9'\ The King 
" doth not think Gtl to make any alterations in the commissions of the 
*■ officers of the Guards, but they must stand as they now are 
" to content themselves with a precedency before all others of the 
" same degree. As to the march of the Guards, it is my opi- 
" niun that they should always march in the center of the brigade 
" they are in, and camp there too. The King is not yet come to any 
" resolution concerning the quantity of bread to be allowed to the 
■■ officers, for which reason their lialb been none ordered tPiem as 



APPENDIX. 



279 



** yet. As to their subalterns who have taken care of the sick att 
*' Bruxells, the King is pleased to consider their extraordinary 
** charge in that place as your D^ represents it, & would have 
'* an account kept of those that have done duty their, to whome there 
** will bee somethiog ordered as a gratuity. Yo*^ Lpp will likewise 
*' order exact account to be kept of what is due for bread more 
'' then the styver p^ diem ordered to bee stopt, from the time of the 
** first delivery to the time you had notice to make the deduction 
*' according to the contract, which overplus the King will have payd 
*' by easy deductions from the sould** when they are out of the field 
*' and have noe bread furnished them ; and in making up the said ac- 
*' count it is to be remembered, the bread given att first was onely rye- 
** bread for some days, and was to be payd for att the Hollanders' 
*' price, which is I suppose less then a styver a ration. I don't think 
*' necessary to make any order concerning the payment of the subal- 
'* terns sooner then the end of the muster, but the paymaster being 
'' allways w*^ the troops and the treasure with him, it can bee noe in- 
" conveniency to him to assist some times an officer with the advance 
** of his pay, and therefore I believe hee will not refuse it, especially 
** upon your intimation to him that you think it fit to be done. I am 

** Y^ Lw» humble ser«, 
" To the Earl of Feversham." " MuNMOUTH." 

Original '* Book of Entryes of the Duke of Monmouth's, when Ge- 
neral of the Army." — State-Paper Office. 

77. 

• 

Warrant for paying £92. \9s. lid. to M^or Tho* Mansfield for 
clothes distributed to eighty men of the Coldstream reg* last ordered 
to Flanders under Captain Tonge of that reg*. 

Dated 20th Sept. 1678. 

78. 

Ensign Thomas Troutbeck, of Captain Herbert Price's late comp' of 
tbe Coldstream reg' in Flanders, passed the musters of March, May, 
and July, 1678, although respited in the former rolls. 

Dated 23d Sept. 1678. 

79. 

John Rymer, now in gaol at Derby, and Rich** Carr, in gaol at Staf- 
ford, deserters from Capt. O'Keover's comp' of the Coldstream reg*, 
and lately apprehended, to be conducted to the guard of the Colds, 
reg' in St. James's Park. 

Dated 30th Sept. 1678. 



Fnrnulit by four Gnot't order 70 creralls of Box tail«>, at 

tbrre lUlliBgi and aiipencc a peece ■ ... 11 
9ot l«o peeccs of M;arle(l (ilitioD 3 13 

Snmme 15 17 
Poatutag* a 18 ■ 

luaU Id 13 e 

Jamet, Duke «f Monmoulb and Baccleagb, Earle of Dooeaster ud 
lialkeitb. Lord Scott of Askdale. Tiudall. and Whitcbesler, aixi 
CapUin-Geoerall of bis Majesties Land Purees, iic*. 
Tbrsc are tu require yoa, out of SDcb monies as are or shall 
come to }ODr hands, to and for the speedy and coinpleate paying and 
disbaodiiig tbc Sbrces, officers, and soldiers, raised since the 29* of 
Ssptetnber, 1677, lo pay unto Mens' St. Giltes, or whom bee sball ap- 
point, the Bunime of sixteene pounds Ihirteeoe shillings, the same be- 
ing due unto him for fumisbiog the granadeerei of his H^eslie* 
owne regimeot of Guards with seaventy crevatts of ffox tailes at lbre« 
■billings and six pence a peece, and n-itb ribbon for Ibem. to and Tor 
the speedy and compleate paying and disbanding ihe forces, officers, and 
soldiers raised since the 2tnb of September, 1677. And for soe doing, 
this, lugelbcr with the aci]aiflance of Ihe said Mons' Si, Gilles. or his 
assignee, confessing the receipt thereof, shaU be your warrant and dis- 
cbart^. Given under my hand the 2Blh day of October, 1678. 

MOMIOUTH. 

To Lemuell Kingdon, Eaq'. (Paymaster of the Forces), 



Charles R. — Most dear and most enlirely beloved Son, we greet 
yoD well. We have thought Gt and do hereby signify unto you oar 
will and pleasure, that you forthwith give orders for Ihe displacing 
and turning out of their respective employments, not only out of our 
Gnards of Horse and Fool, but also out of other oar estnhlished land 
forces as well regimented as not regimenled in this our kingdom 
and in our iilesof Guernsey and Jersey, and town of Berwick-upon- 
Tweed respectively, all and every such officers and soldiers as are 
Popish recusanls. or have not returned such certi Rentes as the Ian re- 
quires ofauch officers and soldiers within the time limited for the an'me. 
And so we bid you most hcnrlily farewell. Given at our Court nt 
Whitehall, the l" day of November, 1678. 

By his Mi^esty's command, 

J. WlLUAMSl.N. 
To our most dear and most entirety beloved son, 
James Duke of Monmouth, CaptatD-Generitl, be. 




«2. 

" Al Ibe Court of Whitcliall. tlir secuiid of November, 1676. By 
" Ilie Kiog's Diosl excellent Majesty and tbe Lords of his MnJEStiea 
" mo»t honourable PriTy Council. His Majegty was tliis day pleased 
" to declare id Coancil, that whomsoever shall make discOTery of any 
" officers Of aouldiers of Lis Majeslies Horse or Fool Guards, who 
" baving formerly taken the Oatbs of Allegiaoce and Supremacy, and 
" the Teal, eujoined by the lale Act of Parlisment. for preventing dnn- 
" gera which may happen from Popish reciiaauts, hath aince been 
" perverted or hereaAer shall be perverted lo the Homisb religion, or 
"bearmasa; sucb discoverer, upon information thereof given to 
" hia Grace the Duke of Monmouth, Lord-General of his Majesties 
" Foreea. shall bave a reward of twenty pounds for every officer or 
" souldier so discovered aa aforesaid. And to the end his Majesties 
" pleasure herein may be fully known,, his M^esty doth command that 
*' tbe Order be forthwith printed and pahlisbed." — London Gazette, 
No. 1353. 

In pursuance of the above, 

Order sent to tbe Commissary Generals, Henry Howard, Esq. and 
Sir Cecil Howard, Knt.. not to muster any Popish recusant. Dated 
3M November, 167H. Monmouth. 

Order to the Earl of Craven (and all the other Colon ela of regiments) 
lo forthwith dismias out of tbe compnniea in England all and every 
■neb officers and soldiers as are Popish recusants. Dated 2°' Nov, 
1878. Monmouth. 



James Duke of Monmouth, &c. 

These are lo require you, out of such monies as are or shall come 
to your bands, to pay unto John Gibbons, or whom bee shall appoint, 
Ibe summe of eight pounds eight shillings, the same being dne to 
Phillip Russell, as of his Majesties gracious bonnty to him for his 
invention of a new sort of Bayonett. And for soe doing, this, together 
with the actjuittance of the said John Gibbons, or his assignee, con- 
fessing the receipt (hereof, shall be your warrant and discbarge. 
Given under my band the t6"> day of November, 1678. 

Monmouth. 

To Lemuell Kingdon, Esq'. 

84. 

Mods' St. Giile Vannier to he paid hU bill fur a gold slick for the 

Captain of tbe Hurse Guards, which be carries when he wailes upon 

hisHijealy, £22, 7i. tk/.; for three sUcka more with ivory heads for 

other officers, £2. Dated T'' Jan> 1671. 




irnliom be shall appoint, i 



James Duke ul* Monmouth, &c. 

Tbese are to require you, out of such monie 
your hands, to pay unto Capt" Robert W3'eth, c 

tbe sum of one hundred and five pound*, in full satisfaction of hfl | 
dlsbursemeDts for boates hired lo bring the Boldiers of the Gve com- 1 
panies of the bnttiilinn of tbe Coldstream regiment of his Majeatiea 
Foot Guards, that lately came from Flanders, from on board his 
Majesties shipps to Dover ; for waggons to carry Ibe sick men, tents, 
ammunition, and armes of those companies from Dover to Graveiend, 
and for barges for bringing those sick men, tents, 
armes from Gravesfnd to London : and forsoe doing, Sic". 

Given under my hand and seaie the 8"> day of March, Iti?;. 



HONHOUTH. 



To Lemiiell Kingdon. Esq'. 



Order to pay Drum -Major- General John Mawgridge, for " impreit- 
ing and furnishing 16 druinmen for the Pight companies added I 
Coldstream Guards in I6T8," £^. V2i. Od. 

Dated lOth April. 16T!>. 



87. 

All Accompt of Disbursements made by Quarter- Master Richard 

Washboilrne for the use and service of his Majesties Coldstreame 

regiment of Foot Guards, commanded by th« Right Hon"^ William 

Earle of Craveu, from the ITth of Jnne, 1075, to which lyme bU 

former bill was drawne and paid, lo the 21st day of October, 1678. 

1S7A. £. (. d. 

June 23. For bringing from the Toner to the Tilt Yard 15 

barrells of powder and 241M wt. of match, and 

charges thereon . . I 12 6 

Aug. 31. Ditto 12 barrells of powder and -2400 wt. ofmatch . 1 13 6 

Nov. 2. Do. llbarrelUof powder and 2400 wt. of match . I 12 6 

ie7a 

Ap. 20. Do. 
Oct. 17. Do. 
Jan. 25. Do. 
1B77. 

Ap. 24. Do. 
Ocl.!». Do. 



I 



10 barrells of ponder and 2000 wl. of match . 
2Dbarrellsofpowderand2000wl. ofmatch . 
20 barrells of powder and 2000 wt. of match . 

at) barrells of powder and 2000 wt, of match . 
20 biirrells of imwdcr and 2(K»ii wl. of match . 



I 12 6 



I 



> 

I 



1671. Brought forward lU 10 

Jan. 18. For bringing from the Tower to the seTersll com- 
panf es, Brmes Tor the recruites of six companyes 

of (he said regiment 

Jan. 32. llo. do. of Ibe six other companires 
Ditto. CbnrgeB for tnkeing out the armei for two of the ad- 
ditional! compaoyes, Capt. Sinkeclar'a and Capt. 

Eastland's 

Jan. 29. Ditto for two other of the add' comp*. Capt. Parry's 

and CapI.Sullyard's 

Jane 30. Ditto for one other add' comp', Capt. Newporte'a 
Feb. 2. Ditto do. Capt. Talmache's 

Feb. 4. Ditto do. Capt. Oakeorer 

Feb. 9. Ditto do. Capt. Brett's 

Feb. 20. For bringing from the Tower to the Tilt Yard 30 

barrelU of powder and 2000 wt. of match .350 

1«7B. 

For locks and keys for the sev" Guard doores and 

Ibe waggons for the said tymes, as appeares by bill 2 
For scoureing of the carpetts for both Guards severall 

tymea 300 

For mending the Guard wiodowea several! tymes 3 10 

For larpolling the waggons, fiu;. sererall tymea and 

charges thcreoD 3 U 

For clensing within the palliaade where the waggons 

stand sev" tymes . . . 18 U 

For bellowes for all the Guards, severall tymes il 15 

For broomes and clean eing the Guards at S"! p. diem, 

being 1222 dayes 15 5 6 

For cleareing the dunghills at several! tymes . 112 

For mending the tables and chaires in the officers 

roomes 0136 

In charges for conducting a party of soldiers with 
seijeanis sent on board the Forsighl at Sheerness, 
and fur hoates to put them on board the yalch at 
Sheerness, and relurneing with the 3 seijeanls 

from thence . 4 )3 

For mending the centry gownes severall tymes (115 6 

Charges on sending to the Tower and relnrning back 
to the Tilt Yard 4 waggons and two lutnbrill* that 
were exchanged, and hyreing horses for the same I 15 
June *27. For straw at the campe at Hounslow Heath, and v\- 

pences therein for cants. &c 10 



1678. BrougUI forward 81 11 0:| 

JuneS?. For sbypping ofTof sotilicrs sererfill tymes at Towct 

Hill 3 ft I 

Paid to Adjutant Edgerton Tur muney by Liin dis- 

burst nl ■ev''Iyine* for the regim' . . .638] 

' Tot. 90 14 4 

Poundage 4 10 ' 

a5 4 

" The Migor of hia MajesIieH Coldslrpatne regiment or Guards hath 
" perused Ibis bill Hiid seeae the vouchers, and doe believe the 
" Ibings lliereiu to bee necessary for his Mnjesties service. 

"T. Mansfield, Major." 
James Duke of Moumoulh, Uc. 

These are to require you, out or such moneyes as are or shall come 
to your bands, to pay unto Richard Waslibounie, Quarter-Master of 
his Majesties Caldslrentne regiment of Foot Guards under the Earle 
of Craven's command, or n-honi hee shall appoint, the sum ofiiynety- 
five pounds fonre shillings, the same being due to him for soc much 
disbursed hy him for the service of his Majesties said Coldstreame re- 
giment of Foot Guards from the 17* day of June, 1675, to ihc one and 
twentieth of October, 1078, according to the within aiTompt lhereof> 
certified under the bauds of Thomas Mansfield, Esq. Major of the 
said Coldstreame regiment of Foot Guards, jn full discharge of Ibe 
■aid accompt. And for soe doing, this, together with Ibe acquillance 
of the said Richard Wosbbourne or bis iiasigaee, confessing the re- 
ceipt thereof, shall bee your warrant and discharge. Given under mjr 
band and scale the 2.51h day of October, 1679. 

To Lemuel Kingdon, Esq. MoHMoUTIf. 

H8. 
" These are to certify that there is expended 11 barrells of powder 
" out of the slonres of his Majesties Coldstreame regiment at the fire 
" at th(! Temple. T. Mansfield." 

Charles K. — Our will and pleasure is. thai out of our stores, 
belonging to the Office of Ordnance, you cause M barrels of powder to 
be delivered unto our trusty and wellbeloved Major Mansfield, be- 
ing for BO many expended by our Coldslreatu regiment of Foot Guards 
at Ibe fire at the Temple ; and for so doing this shall be your warranL 
Given at our Courtat Whitehall, the lOtli day of December, 167H. 



1 



so. 

For y' cominattded party of the Coldstrenm regm' of Guards lo aliip io 
the Tbaines. 

Charles R. — Our will and pleasure is, tbal { not withstao ding our 
former orders) you give order for the captaine. two lieutenants, one 
ensigne. four Serjeants, six corporalls, two drummers, and one hun- 
dred and tnenly soldiers, drawne out of the Coldstreame re^ment of 
our Foot Guards under your command, with tbeir Rrmeg. tg imbarque 
and ship in such veggells as our commissioners of our Admiralty or 
Navy shall appoint to receive them in our river of Thames, and so to 
transport themselves (observing in (heir passage the orders of the shipp 
commanders with whom (hey imb»n|ue) to our garrison of Tangiere, 
where they are to land and to observe such orders as they shall receive 
from our Govemour or other tbe officer in chief commanding there. 
Given at our Court at Whitehall, the second day of June, lesa 
By bis Majesties command, 

Sunderland. 
To our right trusty and fight nell-beloved cousin William 

Earlc of Craven, Colonell of the Coldstreame regiment of 

our Foot Guards. 
Original Entry Book, State-Paper Office. 

00. 
Tbe comp* and commanded men for Tangier to serve in battalions ; 
thatthe five comp* now going out of this kingdom under the command of 
John Earle of Mulgrave shall have the first place as a hatt° of Guards ; 
tlia( tbe four comp* of the Scotch reg' with the four other comp* from 
Ireland make one batl°. and take the rank of the said Scotch reg*, 
that is to aay, neKt after the bat(° of Guards ; that when the rest 
of the said Scotch reg' arrive there (with tbe four Scotch & four 
Irish comp*. already ment'') make two ball'" and take rank alter the 
bailn" of Guards ; that (he 12 comp* of the garr" reg" (Tangier) 
6: the four English comp* sent thither last year make two bntt", and 
lake rank after iJiose of tbe Guards and Scotch regiment. 
Dated (4lh) June. I6S0. 

91. 
Order for one colour for the company of the Coldslream, forming 
part of the battalion of Guards, proceeding lo Tangier. 
Dated 10th June, 1680. 



The] sum of £4. 6t. M. to be paid lo Capl. John Street of 
Colds' for CO much disbursed for boat-hire for conveying the men 



280 



ArPENDIX. 



going to Tangier, drawn oul oC tfac Earl of Crnvea'a and his own 
comp', quartered at Maidenhead, from Wyndtor lo London on ' 
lat afJune. 

Oaled Whitehall, ISlth July. Wm. 



ai. 



The ColdRlream reg' to recruit 1'2U nieu in 
drawn out for Tangier- 
Dated lOlh Nov. 1680. 



An Acconpt of Contingent Disbursui'* made by Lieulenant MntlLew 
Ingram for the use and nervice of his Maj'" Coldstream regim' of 
IToot Guards, commanded by Ihe right Hon'* William Earle of 
Craven, from the last of April, 1G83, to the first of September fol- 
lowing, being one hundred and twenty-three days, by the said Co- 
lonell's command. 

£. 1. rf. 
For bringing from the Tower lo the Tylt Yard 10 barrelU of 

powder and 300 wt. of match, and charges thereon I 13 6 
Paid for cleanseing the ground where (he ammunition wag- 
gons stand in the Park II '2 

Paid for removing the match out of the alow-room lo make 

roome for armes .t 

For making up another slow-room for it .048 

The carpenter's bill fur making a new stow-room filed for 

coles for the officers' roome in the Mewes, &c. . . 2 10 B 

The bricklayer's bill for the same 14 6 

For lockes and keys for the same, and for the Parke Gate U 7 
For mending the windoweg and tyleing the officers' roomes . 13 6 
For bringing from Ihe Tower lo the Tilt Yard 10 barrells of 

powder, &c. 1 12 6 

For horse hire to Maidenhead to recall 2 companies there . 19 6 
For caryeing of powder to the ffire at the Temple and back 

againe 030 

For candle and oyle for the lamps for 3 companies at, the 
Mewes from li.e ^id last of April, Ifi&l, being 133 dayes 

ftt 2». 6d. per diem T 15 7 8 

For sweepeing all theGuards.ntW. per diem for I20dayes .210 

Totall is 37 e 
John Hijitson, Major. 
Charles R. — Our will and pleasure is, that of such moneys as are or 
ahall come to your hands for coDlingcnl uses fur our Guards and Gua- 



d 



APPENDIX. 

risODs, you pay to Lieuteoanl Matthevr Ingram, Qua rler -Master of the 
Coldstream regiment of our Foot Guards tinder the commaad of our 
riglil trusty and rigbl welbeloved cousin and counceUonr Witlinm 
Earle of Craven, tlie sume of twenty -senven pounds and eight pence 
for ffire. oyle, and candle, and other necessaryes for the ase of six com' 
panies of the said regimeul upon duty iu our Mewes from the last of 
April, IflSa, to the first of September following, being one hundred 
twenty-Ibree days, according to the within accompi thereof, subscribed 
by our truity and welbeloved John Huitaon, Esq. Major of the said 
regiment, in full disuhai^ of (he said accompi. And forsoe duing, &c. 
Giren at our Court at Winchester, the Idlh day of September, 1683. 
By bis Ma*** commahd, 

William Blathwayt. 
To our trusty and welbeloved servant Charles Fox, Esq. oor 
Payinaaler-Gen" of onr G uards and Guarrisons. 

U5. 
An Ace' of Contingencies disbursl by Lieut. Matthew Ingram for the 

use and service of his Ma"" Coldstream regim' of Foot Guards, 

commnnded by tlie Right Hon'" William Earle of Craven, from the 

Isl of September. I6S3 inclusive, (o the first of November following. 

being 61 dayes. by bis said Colonell's command. 

£. I. d. 
For bringing from the Tower to Ihe Till Yard 10 barrells of 

powder and aooo wl. of match, and charges thereon . . 1 12 6 
For carpenters' worke done iu the stow-roome in y" Mewes . 18 
For cole baaketts, broomes, &c. for the Mewes . .030 

For mending all the lanthurns and sconces in the Mewes .096 
For scouring and mending the carpettsof the Guards . II 9 

For oyle and candle for 3 companies in the Mewes Guard. 

and officers, froiD y' 1st of September to Ihe 38th instant. 

at 2*. 6d. p. diem 3 10 

For Ere. candle, and oyle for the lamps for the same, from 

the 29th of September to the Isl November following, at 

3i. p. djem 13 4 

For sweeping all the Guards, at 4>. per diem .10 4 

For boat hire to carry the two companies to relieve at Til' 

bury COO 

For 2 fire pans and tungs for the officers' roome and guard 

at St. James's 076 

Paid by Capt. Markham lor part of a waggon to Winchester 

and back, wiib sick men and amunition by y' Coll' order . 2 12 ft 
Paid by Capt. Pope for Ihe same, his pari .256 

.12 H 4 





APPENDIX. 

£. J. i. 
BroDgfal forward 33 II 4 , 
For aweeping tlie chiinneyi in the barracks, guard and offi- 

roomCB in the Hewes 10 8 ] 

For scouring and mending all the cenlinells gownes . .098 

■»3 & 10 ' 
JoBli HUITAON, Major. 

(* Error 33 II 4) 

Charles R, — Oar will and pleaiure is, thai out of incli moneys as 
are or shall come to your bands for contingent uses for our gnarda and 
guariBons, you pay to Lieulenanl Mutthew Ingram the sume of thirty- 
three pounds nine shillings and ten peuce for fire, oyle, and candle, 
and other neceasaryes for the ii»e of six companies of the said regi- 
meot from the first of September, 1683, to the first of November fol- 
lowing, being sixty-one dnyes, according to the within accompt there- 
of, subscribed by John Huitson. Esq. Major of our Coldstream regin' 
in full discharge of the said accompt. And for soedoeing, &c. Given 
at onr Cotirt at Whitehall, the 7lh day of December, 1683. 
By bis Ma-^ command, 

William Bl*thwavt. 
To OUT (rusty and welbeloved servant, Charles Fox, Esq. our 

PaymasteT-Gen" of our Guards and Guarisons. 



96. 
A warrant of Charles Ihe 3d, dated Jan. 26, 168], ordering tbe an 
of 12 companies to be exchanged, each company to have 43 snaphan 
nuaquets of the latest pattern, 20 pikes, and Iwo halberds. 



97. 

An Accompt of Contingent Diabursem" made by Lieut. Matthew In- 
gram, for the use and service of his Ma"" Coldstream regim' of ffbot 
Guards, commanded by the Right Hon"'' William Earle of Craven, 
from Ihe InKt day of October, IG83, to the Isl January following, 
being 61 dayes, by Iris Colonell's command. 

£. ■. </. 

For bringing from the Tower lo Ihe Tilt Yard 10 barrells of 
powder and 2000 wt. of match . and carriage thereon . 1 12 G 

For empting y' house of office in Itie Mewes . 4 10 

For tnrras and tiles to make up Ihe wall and foundation 

against the Ijoiise of oflice. and workmen . . . 1 19 6 



i 



Broujrbl forward 
For Gre, oyte, aoA candU for Ibe lamps for ilie office n upon 

the guard in the Mewei for 61 daye«. kt St. per diem . S 

For carrying of ponder aod brioging it to j* Sre inSwaUow- 

Slrcel 

For sweeping all the Guards, at 4d. p. diem 



John Hiitson, Major. 
Charles R. — Our will and pleasure is, that out of lucb moneys as are 
or ahall come to your hands for rontingent uses for our Guards and 
Goarisons, yon pay to Lieut. Matthew Ingram, Quarter- Master of 
our Coldstream regim* of Obot Guords, the sum of thirty-three 
pounds thirteen shillings and tenn pence fbr fire and candle for four 
companies of our Guards upon duty in the Mewes, and other oe- 
cessariot, for the use of the said regim'. according to the irllhin 
aceompi thereof subscrihed by our trusty and welbetoted Jolin Huii* 
•on, Esq. Major of the ssid regiment. And for so doing, &c. Given 
at our Court at Whitehall, the 2;tb day of Jauonry, 16(t,. 
By his Ma'" command, 

WiLLiiw Blathwatt. 
To our trusty and welbeloTpd servant, Charles Fox, Esq. &c> 



Charles R. — Right trusty and well-belo»ed CouDiellor, we greet you 
well. Having thought (ittoestablish two companies of grenadierson fool 
to be establiabt to our two regimeols of Guards, consisting of one cap- 
talne, two jieul'*, 3 serjeaata, 3 corp**, and 50 private soldiers in each of 
them ; our will and pleasure is, that out of our stores remaining in 
the Office of our OrdoHnce. you cause to be delivered to such officer or 
officers as the respective colonels or chief officers of the said regi- 
ments sha[l appoint to receive the same, 2 drums, 63 light fuzees with 
alings, 53 carloucb boxes with girdles, 3 halberds, 2 parlizana, 63 
greoado pouches, 63 bayonets, 63 hatchets with girdles, for each of the 
two conipames. as soon as they shall have delivered their present arms 
into the Office of Ordnance. And for so doing, this, together with the 
respective receipts of the colonel or chief officer, shall be your dis- 
chaise. Given at our Court at Wiudaor, this 28tb day of April, 
1684. 

By Lis Majesty's command. 



1 



An Acconpt of Conlingenl DisUursments laid oul by Lieut' Matthew 
InKrnni. Tor the use and service of hi» Ma"" Coldalream Regim' of 
Foot Guards, commniided by the Right Hon'* William Earle of 
CfRfeo, from the Inal of December, 1683. (o first May. 1684, being 
131 dayi, by his Mid ColoDel's cominaud. 

£. .. </, 
Jan. id. For bringing amunition from y' Tower to the Tilt- 

Vaid, and charges thereon ■ . 1 12 6 

For curry age of powder to the fire al Greys Inn ,036 
For mending all y' centinells' gownes, and new 

roakeing one U 10 S 

For nicndiug glass nindona of y' barracks in y' 

MewB 13 6 

For mendinglhe roof and lyleinglijeoffiMrsroome 14 10 
For mending tbe bacL snd chimney in y' guard at 

the Mews 6 Q 

For sweeping the chimneys there . t) 4 6 

For coach hire and boat hire to Long Reach, to 

mMt the Battalion fron Tangier . . 16 6 

For barges tu bring the said Battalion from thence 

to Lumbetli 10 10 6 

For letchiag out all the armes of the regiment at 

several times out of lite Tower . 2 fl O 

For till boales for tbe 2 conipa" from Tilbury .300 

For sweeping all tbe guards, at id. per diem .204 

For locks and keys for St. James's Guard and the 

For charges laid out by L' Bridgemau and Ens" 
Shenton, in boat hire, &c. in moving the Batta- 
lion from Tangier 13 8 

For bringing amunition from Ihe Tower . 1 12 6 

Sume is 25 13 10 
John Huitson, Major. 

Charles R.— Our will and pleasure is, that out of such moneys as 
ore or shall come to your bands for the pay of our Guards and Guari- 
sons, you pny to Mallhen Ingram, Gentleman, Quarter- Master to the 
Coldelream regiment of our Foot Guards, under tbe command of our 
right trusty and right welbeloved cousin and councilor William Earl 
of Craven, the summc of twenty-five pounds thirteen shillings and 

Ltenpence, for so much disbursed by him for the use of the said regim' 
from tbelast day of December, 1683, to the first of May following, ac- 
cording to an accompt thereof, hereunto annexed, attested under the 



APPENDIX. 291 

hand of John Huitson, Esq., Major of the said regimS in full dischar^ 
of the said accompt. And for so doing, this, together with the acquit- 
ance of the said Matthew Ingram, confessing the receipt thereof, shall 
be your warrant and discharge. Given at our Court at Windsor, the 
13th day of June, 1684. 

By his Ma*^ command, 

William Blathwayt. 
To our trusty and welbeloved servant, Charles Fox, Esq., 
our Pay-Master-Gen" of our Guards and Guarisons. 

100. 
An Accompt of Contingent Disbursm^ laid out by L' Matthew Ingram, 
for the use and service of His Ma*^ Coldstream reg* of Foot Guards, 
commanded by the Right Hon*^ William Earle of Craven, from the 
first of May, 1684, to the first of November following, by his Colo- 
nell's command. 

May the 8th, 1684. 

£. $, d. 
For bringing amunition from the Tower to the Tilt-Yard . I 12 6 
For cutting down the weeds and cleansing the waggon place 3 6 
For cloath to mend the beds in the Mews, and thread and 

workmanship 12 6 

For carriage of powder to y' fire in York Buildings . . 7 (^ 
For carrying into the Tower the broken arms and partizans 

in the regiment at several times . 18 6 

For sweeping all the chimneys in the barracks, guard and 

officers houses in the Mews 116 

For a new sconce and two new lanthornes, and mending all 

the old ones 15 6 

For a shovell, coale basketts, and brooms, &c. in the Mews 5 6 
For carpenters worke and timber to mend the formes, 

benches and bedsteads in y' barracks . .090 

For bricklayers worke and bricks to mend the tyleing and 

plaistering in the officers houses and guards in the Mews . 17 6 
For making new backs, and bricks, in all the barracks and 

guard in the Mews 19 6 

For glazing all the windows in the officers houses and bar- 
racks in the Mews 12 6 

For emptying the house of office in the Mews . . 4 10 

For sweeping all the guards, at Ad, p. diem .314 

October the 4th, 1684. 
For bringing amunition from the Tower . 1 12 6 

For locks and keys for the Mews, &c. •066 

17 15 10 



292 APPENDIX. 

£. i 

Brought for wnrd 17 15 10 
Pot Ihlrty-six new ceotinell gcwna, at 18f. a-piece . . 32 6 
For mending the cljain in Ihe guards, &c. . 16 6 

For ciLrriage of powder to tlie lire in Lincoln's Ino Fields .056 
Paid as H gain to my Lord Mayor's burgeroen for lUe bnrge 

ferrying over the regimeiil at y' review at Putney Heath 21 1 

TotAll 72 5 10 
John Himtbon, Major. 
Charles R. — Usual wnrmnt lu pay Ihe amount, 

dated Wbitchall, tlis 2Hlli of November, 1684. 

WmIIlathw*yt. 

101. 
A warrant authorizing the issue lo Ihe Grenadier company or U'fi 
grenade sbells, wilb G fuztes to each. 

Dated October 31b(, 1684. 



The Cold si ream reg" 
jeant more to be added 

Dnted I3lh June, 1685. 

103. 

Whitehall, Otb July. 1685. 
Sir, — 1 have presented your letter of the 8th instant lo his Majesty, 
who is very well satisfied with what you had done aud intended in 
relation to the forces under your command. The occasion of the en- 
closed orders is the taking of the late Duke of Monmouth by the mili- 
tia of Dorset; the King had the news last night, and commands this 
express to find you out, that you may distribute with all speed the en- 
closed orders to the respective troops. 

To Colonel Mackay. W" Blathwayt. 

LIM. 
100 men witli officers to conduct the prisoners concerned in the re- 
bellion to Salisbury, and deliver them over to the gaol ; afterwards (O 
proceed to London. 
Daled I2th July, IfiM. 
m 
to I 



., dated 20th July, 1685, for reducing each company lo 
80 rank and file. 

A warrant, dated 27th July, for a further reduction ; each company 
consist of 2 Serjeants, 3 corporals, 2 drummers, and 60 privates. 



APPENDIX. 293 

106. 

An Accompt of Disbnraements made by Lieat. logram, for the use and 
serrice of his Ma** Second regiment of Foot Gnarda, commanded by 
the Rt. Hon^ William Earle of Craven, from the first of Norember 
1684, to the 90th day of June, 1685> inclusire, by the command of hia 
said ColonelL 

£. *. d. 
For bringing from the Tower to the Tilt Yard amunition for 

the said regiment I 12 6 

For brickwork in the cellar in the officers house in the Mews I 8 4 

For mending two broken lanthomes 2 4 

For bringring granadoes and fozees for the two reg^im^ from 

the Tower to the Tilt Yard 14 6 

For extraordinary fire and candle in the Mews when the late 

King lay sick 2 16 

For 10 p*" of sheets for the barracks 5 

For carrjring of amanition for the regiment from the Tower 

to the Tilt Yard and charges I 12 6 

For sweeping all the guards, at Ad. p. diem . .400 
For mending locks, keys, &c. as p. a bill laid out by the sut- 
ler 15 6 

For clamps and mending all the chaires on the guards .12 6 

For carrying of amunition for the regiment from the Tower 

to the Tilt Yard and charges 1 12 6 

For locks and keys for the doores under the Parliament-house 10 6 
For candles and fire, and thingrs to bum under the Parliament- 
house 250 

For carrying broken armes into the Tower, and taking out 

others in their places 15 

For shifting of the waggons of powder 5 times . . • 76 
For locks and keys for the amunition waggons . .056 

For carriage of the bandaliers and amunition, and taking 

out new armes for the recruites 1 16 6 

For emptying the house of office in y* Mews . . . . 4 10 
For a tumbrill to carry powder to the fires . . 9 15 

For horse hire, &c. w^ an order to Brandford . .076 

For carrying powder to the fire near Gerrard Street . .056 

• 

Summe* 42 15 4 

John HuiTSON, Major. 

42 14 8 

* Over-added 8 

James R. — Usual warrant to pay the amount. 

Dated Windsor, the 15th of August, 1685. 

Wm. Blathwayt. 

VOL. II. V 



107. 

James R- — Our will nnd pleasure is, Ibal out of aucU moiiieg a* are 
or shall come to your bands for the cantingenl uses of out guarda, 
guarisons, and l.in<l forces, you pay unto our Irusly and welbelored 
Edward SackTille, Esq., one or the brigndiers of our forces, and 
Lieuten' -Colon" of our Coldstream regiment of Fool Guards, or 
whom he shall appoinl, Ibe summe of one hundred and fifleeii jiounda 
eight shillings and sixpence; the same being expended for waggons 
and other contingent disbursements for the use of seaven companies in 
our said regiment, from the lime of their marching out of London to 
the west, in the late rebellion, to the lime of Ibeir return to the (|uar- 
lers of that regiment, which is to be distributed by the said Lieutenanl- 
Colonell Sackville, according to the disbursements of the captains tir 
commanders-in-chief of the respective companies aforesaid. And for 
so doing, this, together with (he actiuiilance of the said Lieutenant- 
Colonel) Sackville or his assignee, shall be your warrant and dis- 
charge. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 7th dsy of November, 
I(!tt5, in the hrsl year of our reign. 

By his H&<* command, 

William Blathwayt. 
To our trusty and welbeloved Charles Fox, Esq.. 
Paymaster- General of oar Guards, &c. 

lOS. 
The sum of £268 to be paid to Thomas Holford, Portcullis, Pursui- 
vant at Arms, for thirty-six colours for the two regiments of Foot 
Guards, at £B each, made and provided against his Majesty's Royal 
Coronation. 

Dated 17"' December, 1685. 

109. 
Disbursements made by L'. Matthew Ingram for the use of his 
Ma*" Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, from the first July, 1685, 
to first January I68g. 

lE. I. ■(. 
Aug. 30. For the carriage of amunition from the Tower to the 

Till Yard, Bsc 1 12 6 

For boat-hire to put 10 men and a sarg' on board 

the kitchin yatch 16 6 

33. For carriages and exp. in taking out dniiiu and 

haltberts for the regiment 12 6 

For straw and use of a house for 4 comp" at Ham- 
mersmith as they marched to Hounslow Heath, 
having no quarters 2 5 6 

6 6 U 



APPENDIX. 295 

£. f. d. 

Brought forward 5 6 
Aug. 29. For shifting the powder waggons and cutting down 

the weeds 5 6 

Sept. 5. To Mr. Wbeatley for two hand-barrows . . 13 4 

For glazeing all the windows in all the harracks and 

officers bouse in the Mews 1 10 6 

For mending the cole-cellers and making of little 

store-roomes in the harracks for coales .19 6 

For cleansing and washing the harracks with vinegar 

and stuff to hum in them 12 6 

For sweeping the chimneys there . .076 

Oct. 18. For carriage of amunition from the Tower to the 

Tilt Yard . 1 12 6 

19. For levelling the ground in Hyde Parke . .056 

For boat-hire &c. for 10 men and return . .066 

For boat-hire and exp. to put on board 12 men and 

a saijeant for Flanders 15 6 

For hoat-hire, &c. in their return .066 

For mending the lant homes and sconces, and a new 
one for the guard in the Mews . .086 

For basketts and broomes 4 

For vinegar and stuff to bum under the Parliament- 
house 036 

For coales and candles there, at 2s. per diem . .14 
For sweeping all the guards, at 4d, per diem .314 

For mending of chaires and several other things, 

laid out by the sutler per order . . 17 6 

For harness for two horses for the tumbrill . . 3 10 

Dec. 8. For carriage of amunition as before . ' 1 12 6 

John Huitson, Major. 

Totall 24 12 8 

James R. — Usual warrant to pay the amount, 

. Dated Whitehall, the 12th of February, 168t. 

Wm. Blathwayt. 

110. 
James R. — Right trusty and well-beloved Counsiller, we greet you 
well. It being necessary that all the musquetteers in our two regi- 
ments of Guards should for their more complete arming, be fumished 
with bayonets; Our will and pleasure is, that yon cause to be de- 
livered to the respective officers of our said regiments the number of 
such bayonets as our said stores afford, proportionable to the said 
musquetteers in each of them ; And for so doing this shall be your 



I 



«>> APPENDIX. 

WBTrant. Given at our Court at Whilehnll, Ihia 22d day of February, 
16^. By his Majesty's command. 

To our trusty and welbeloved cousin Lord Dartmouth. 

111. 
James R. — Out will and pleasure is, that out of the monies appointed 
forthecoDtingent iiseofourguards, gunrisDDB, and land-rorces. you pay 
unto the persona bereaner metitioned the suniiiie of one hundred and 
sixteen pounds eleven shillings and six pence, whith we are gracionsly 
pleased la allow for the work done in Hyde Parke, after the rate of 
■ixpence per diem to every non-commission officer and soldier em- 
ployed therein i viz', unto lUajor Eyton the suinme of seaventy-uine 
pounds lineen shillings and sixpence, for tlie labour of three thousand 
one hundred ninety-one men of our First regiment of Fool Guarda; 
to Captain John Miller the summe of thirt}'-Gve pounds eight shil- 
lings, for the labour of fourteen hundred xnd sixteen men of our 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards; and to ThomHs Richers Ibe 
suinme of eigbt-and-twcnty shillings, for the labour of liny-Bixiiien of 
our Royall regiment of Fuxiliers. Which summes are to be paid with- 
out deduction, and to be distributed to the respective non-commissioned 
oflicera and soldiers employed as aforesaid, by the persons aforenamed, 
whoso several acquitauces shall he your discharge. Given, ice. 
lethMarch. 16aJ, &e. 

By his Ma" commands, 

Wm. Blathw*yt. 
To our r" trusty and r' welbeloved cousin and counc'" 
Richard Earl of Raoelagh, Paymaster. &c. 



An Accompt of Disbursements made by Thomas Silver, Fire-MaBter, 
for the use of Capt" Bridgman's comp* of Granndiera (Coldstream) 
for fixing of granados, from the first of January, 1666, to the Inat of 

June following, 

£. t. d. 

For fuzees for exercise and service, 900, at nine shillings p. 

hundred 4 10 

For compositions to make thero up 3 16 

For workmen to assist 3 3 

10 19 e 
I have examined this bill and believe the same to be true, 

John Uuitson, H^jor. 
JuDM R. — Unul warrant to pay the amount, 

Dated Windsor, the I5tb August, I6S6. 

Wm. Blathwayt. 






11.1. 

An Accorapt of Contia^nl DisbursemenU made b; Quar'-Ma' 
Ingram, Tor the aie and service of His Ma** Coldslreaio regimeul ol 
Foot Guards, from the first day of January, 168j, to the Brat day of 
July, 1636, exclusiie. 

£. .. d. 
Jan. 7. For six p' of new sbeeta for the barracks in the 

Hewi 3 14 u 

For carriage of amunition from Ihe Tower to the 

Tilt Yard I 12 fl 

For carrying of ponder to the fire at Montague 

House 6 G 

Mar.'iO, For carrying of powder from Ihe Tower to the Till 

Yard 1 12 C 

For B surrey on the bedding in the Mens, and ex- 
pended 7 6 

April I, For carrying in and exchanging and bringing home 

the armes of the recruits 1 b 6 

17. For gtazeing the windows of SI. James's Guards, 

and officers roomes . . . I Ji 

\U. For taking out and carrying of aniDnilion and armea 

to Ibe Royall Hospiiall at Chelsea . . I) 10 6 

May 1. For three waggons to New-Hall and back agaiu 

with the Battalion 4 ID 

31 . For taking out and carrying of the Bagooeta for the 

regiment II 14 G 

For emptying Ibe house of office in the Mews . 4 lU U 
For mending the Till-Yard gate, and caseing up a 

window . . . . . . .056 

June B. For carriage of amanition from the Tower to the 

Tilt Yard 1 12 

For sweeping all Ihe guards, at 4d. p. diem . .304 
H). For carrying of powder to the fire at St. James's . 7 fi 
Given the gunners, &c. p. His Ma" order to the 

Earle of Craven :< 10 o 

For taking out of bedding at the Mews, and beat- 
ing, cleaning, and airing it severatl days . 2 li O 
For sweeping down Ibe roofe of the Barn Barracks IJ 12 O 
For washing, sweeping and cleaning the barracks, 

■tow-roomes, and officers house . . . 2 Ifi 

Pot vinegar. Iirimslone, pitch, and rozin, to wash 

and bum 8 6 

For locks and keys to the barracks and slow-roomes 14 K 




1 13 


4 


1 18 


9 


1 16 


10 


11 


6 


43 3 


5 



298 APPENDIX. 

£. I. d. 

Brought forward 35 8 
For sweeping all the chimneys . . .076 

For six new lanthornes and four new sconces for 

the barracks I 18 

The carpenter's bill for mending the bedsteads, 
tables, formes and doors in the barracks, and 

iron worke 

The glazier's bill for all the windows in the bar- 
racks and officers bouse 

For carrying of bedding from the Tower to the 

Mews, and carrying of old sheets back again 
For fire panns, tongs, and fork .... 



John Huitson, Major. 

♦ Undercast 9 6 



James R. — Usual warrant to pay the amount. 

Dated Windsor, the 15th of August, 1686. 

Wm. Blathwayt. 



114. 

A Warrant from King James 2d, dated White Hall, 

nth March, 168i. 
Authorizing the issue to Lieuteuant-Colouel James Bridgeman, 
Captain of the company of Grenadiers belonging to our Coldstream 
reg* of Foot Guards, of the following arms in exchange : — 
83 firelocks slunge. ' 83 daggers. 

115. 

William R. — Whereas we have ordered the several battalions and 
regiments following, viz. two batt""of 1st regiment of Guards, two 
batt" of Coldstream reg* of Guards, the Royal regiment of Foot,' 



I The musquet slings were of dromedary leather, 4 inches wide, with large 
iron buckles and tin clasps. 

' Appear to have been counter-ordered, as all the twenty-eight companies of 
the regiment were ordered to march to Windsor and the towns adjacent in 
April (1689) following. Two battalions wer^ ordered to embark for Ireland in 
July 1690. One battalion embarked tor Flanders in January 169^. and another 
battalion in January 169^. 

3 This regiment (the present First Foot or Royals) revolted, and refused to 



appendix; 299 

Prince George Hereditary Prince of Denmark's regiment, the reg* 
commanded by Colonel Charles Charchill, the Royal regiment of Fasi- 
liers, the regiment commanded by Colonel Hodges, to embark for Hol- 
land, in pursuance of the treaty of alliance with the States General of 
the United Provinces : We do hereby charge and require you to take 
care that the said regiments be forthwith embarked accordingly ; and 
that you give order that such regiments as are at any distance from 
the place or places of shipping, do march thither at such time and in 
such manner as you shall think fit ; and that yon do, or cause to be 
done, all and every thing and tbiugs, which to the better performance 
of this service shall be requisite. And for so doing this shall be your 
warrant. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 8th day of March, 
1681. By, &c. 

William Blathwayt. 

To our right trusty and welbeloved councillor, 

John Lord Churchill, Lieut.-General of our Forces. 

116. 

William R. — Our will and pleasure is, that the several private sol- 
diers and non-commissioned officers of our First regiment of Foot 
Guards, now on board the ships bound for Holland, be incorporated, 
as they are hereby incorporated, in the Coldstream regiment of our 
Foot Guards ; and all officers, and others to whom it may belong are 
to take notice of our pleasure signified in this behalf. Given at our 
Court at Hampton Court, the 17th day of March, 168S. 

By, &c. 

William Blathwayt. 

117. 

William R. — Our will and pleasure is, that the several private sol- 
diers and non-commissioned officers of Prince George hereditary 
prince of Denmark's regiment of Foot, now at Gravesend, be forth- 



embark, and marched off with their arms and two or three guns from Ipswich 
to the Isle of Ely, and the County of Lincoln, (intending to make their way to 
Scotland,) where Lt.-Gen. Ginckle obliged them to submit. Lieut. Alexander 
Gawen, the ringleader, and the rebellioas soldiers, consistiDg of 500 men, 
and 20 officers, (the remainder having previously returned to their colours) 
were ordered to be escorted to London ; and the regiment was subsequently 
sent to its destination. In October, 1689, another battalion of the regiment was 
ordered from Scotland to join this battalion, then in Holland. In consequence 
of this revolt, it is said, King William caused the first Mutiny Act to be framed, 
which passed both Houses of Parliament, and is dated 3rd April, 1689. 



300 



APPENDIX. 



\iith put on board the ships bound for Holland, and iocorpornted, u 
they are bereby incorporated, in the Coldilream regiment of our Foot 
Guards. Given at our Court at Wbitehall, the 19th day of Mnrcb, 
168°. By. &c. 



Wit 



I Blj 



To our right tmsty and welbeloved councillor John Lord 
Chnrchill, Lieut. -General of our Forces. 

118. 
Extract. •' Whitehall, IB March, 168t. 

" I have had no news na yet of the regiment of Diinbarton, only that 
" they are all returned (except 400) to their colours, who will be 
" certainly cut off by the Iroopa that are sent in pursuit of them, or 
" by the country people, in virtue of the enclosed proclamation, which 
" is already dispersed Ju all places." 

*' Wm. BL\THW*rT." 
To Major Maitland, Scota Guards, on march to Ipswich. 

IIS. 

Whitehall, March 21, lOtsJ. 
My Lord, — It is necessary that your Lordship do forthwith send 
some person with subsistence for Gve hundred men and twenty officers 
of the Royall reg' of Fool, lately seized in Lincolnshire by his Majes- 
ty's order, to suffice until their being brought to London, whither they 
are now marching under the command of Ll. -General Ginkell. from 
whom the person appointed by your Lordship is to receive orders. 

Le M" DB SCHOHBERG. 

These prisoners with LieuL-Gen" Ginkell will be found betwees 
Royston and Rumford. 
To my Lord Ranelagh. 

120. 
William R. — Our will and pleasure is, that upon your arrival in 
Holland you cause three companies to be drawn out of our Coldstream 
regiment of Foot Guards, two whereof are lo be incorporated into onr 
First regiment of Fool Guards under the command of our right trusty 
and welbeluved councillor Henry Lord Sydney, and the other com- 
pany to be disposed of as we shall direct' Given at our Court si 
Hampton Court, the first day of May. 16H9, in the first year of our 
reign. 

By his Majesty's command. 
To our right trusty and right wclbcloved cousin and councillor 
John Earl of Marlborough, Lieut.-Gen' of our Forces. 



' Tha 1 



L 



121. 
(British Museum. Add' MS. &7&2. fol. 306.) 
Williun R.— Our will and pleasure is, and we doe hereby aullioriie 
and direct, tbat you send us debenlures for Ibe pay of our Coldalream 
regimenlof Foot GnardB, from the Isl November, 1688. to tbe last of 
April, 1689, incluBive, according to the compleat uumbere allowed on 
tbeir establishments, nalwitbatanding any defect in or want of muster- 
roUs for the said time, deducting tliereout the pay of soe many non- 
commissiuD officers and soldiers for Ilic monlba of March Htid April, 
16Bf. as were wanting upon the musters of the said regiment for the 
Dumth of May following: and in making out the said debentures 70U 
are to lake care not to include the pay of any Roman Catholicque 
officers belonging to the said regiment for tbe months of November 
and December, 1688, except the ordinary subsistence to lieutenants 
and eusigns 1 und except also such whose pay was advanced hy order 
of the late King, before the time of his abdication ; according to the 
rules yoa were, by warrant of the 25th of January, 1689. directed to 
observe in making out debentures for such other of our forces as were 
employed in onr service in Flanders. And for soo doing, this shall be 
yonr warrant. Given at our Court at Whitehall, this 2Tth day of 
February, 1690, id the third year of our reign. 

By bis Majesty's command. 

122. 
Signification to (be Lieutenants of tbe 1st Fool Guards and Coldstream 

Guards, by command of His Majesty King William. 
Henry Viscount Sidney, one of the lords of their Majesty's most Hon'' 

Privy Council, Principal Secretary of State, &c. 

Whereas, by his Majesty's warrant under his royal sign manual, 
bearing dale at Gemblonrs the A day of July. 1691, in the third year 
of his reign, giving for the time to come the rank and command of 
captains of foot to the lieutenants of his First and Second regimentc 
of Foot Guards, and has thereby directed and authorised one of his 
principal secretarys of state to issue out, under his hand and seal, par- 
ticular significations of his pleasure therein, to all and every of the pre- 
sent lieuleoants of the said regiments, thereby authorising and em- 
powering tbem to take their rank and command as captains of foot ac- 
cordingly ; these are therefore, by virtue of the authority aforesaid, to 
authorise and empower you to take your rank and command as cap- 
tain of foot 1 and hereof all officers and soldiers whom it may coucom. 



paniea were ordered to be rBcniiled and »a»emble at Colchaater. from whence 
they marched to Windsor us a batuljiui for home duty ; uid one battalion only 
Goutiaued on ibe HtsbliBhntenl in Ibe I.OW Couatries. 



302 



Al'I'ENDIX. 



and pay obedience to his Majesty's 
the camp at Gerpines Ibe Ig dity of I 



are required to Inke due 

pleasure accordingly. Gi 

July, 1691. 

This signification addressed to ■' Jobn Dekvell, Esq., Lieul- 

of the conip' commanded by tiir Charles Hara, in tlieir 

Majesty's First reg' of Fool Guarda." 

The like sJgnilicHlion to the other Lieutenants of the Foot Gnards. 



The lum of £828 IBt. Od. to be stopped from tlie iii-xl paymeiit 
made to Ibe Coldstream Guards, and paid to Lt.-Col. W°' Wakelyn 
and Waller Sbaw, executors of Richard Pope, deceased, late Lieut'- 
Coloiiel and Captain ill Ibe Coldstream. 

Dated imh March, 160j. 

124. 

William R,~Our nill and pleasure is, thai out of sncb moneys na 

are or shall come to your hands for the contingent uses of our forces, 

you pay unto out trusty and ivelbeloved James llridgman, Esq.. Lieu- 



t-Colonel of our Coldstrt 

summe of one hundred pounds, e 
doing Ibis, together with tlie acquit 
or of his assign, shall be your wai 
ciimp at MeW. ttie 2oth day of Ju 
reign. By his '. 



regiment of Foot Guards, the 
of our royal liounty. And for so 
ncesof the said Colonel Bridgm an 
int and discharge. Given at our 
I, 1692. in the fourth year of our 



Wm. Blatrwavt. 



I 



Tu our trusty and right trelbeloTed cousin and councillor, 
Richard Earl of Rnnelagh, Paymaster- General of our Forces, 

125. 
William R. — Our will and pleasure is, that out of any moneys now 
in your bands, not appropriated to the subsistance of our forces, you 
pay unto Lieut. -Coll. Skelton (Coldstream) the summ of seventy-six 
pounds ten shillings for his pay as Major to the brigade of our Foot Guards 
in the Low-Cuntrys, from the first day of June to the thirty-hrst day 
of October last inclusive, being one hundred fifty-three days, at tbe 
rate of tenn shillings a day : and for so doing, this, together with the 
acquittance of the said Lt.-Colonel Skellun. or of his nssign, shall be 
your warrant and discbarge. Given at our camp at Perk, the .Otb day 
of June, 1693, in the tinh ypnrofour rnigD. 

By his Miyesty's command. 



W« 



Blai 



To the Earl of Ranelngh, &lc. &c. or lo his depul 
in the Low-Cnunlrys. 




William R.— Our will and pleaiure is. lliat oul of auy muneys non 
in your bantls you pay unto Ll.-Coll. Julin SkcUon (Coldstream) the 
Buiumof ninety pounds ten sbillin^, which we are pleased to allow 
bim for bis pay as Major ur Bri^de. Trom the ^rst of November to tbe 
301h of April last, the Duke of Wirtemberg having certified that he 
did that duly within the garrison or Gbendl during tbe said ti 
for so doing, &c. St. Quintin Linnick, tbe Ut ol' September, IfiOS, &c. 

By bis Majesty's cooniand, 
To the Earl of Ranelagb, &c. &c. St. Wm. Blathwayt. 

Do. £92 toLl.-Col. Skellon, m Major of Brigade to the Foot Guards, 
from UtHay to 1st November, 1^3. Dated Niuove, 14 Sept. 16!<3. 

Do. £92 IoLl.-Co1.SkeltoD as Mnjor of Brigade to the Foot Guards, 
from Isl May to 31st October, 16»4. Dated Rouselaer, )! Sept. 1694. 

Do. £90 I0(. Od. t(iLt.-Col. Skelton as Major of Brigade to the 
Fool Guards, from Ist November, 1694, tu nOlh April, 1GU6. Dated 
Lembeck, i:) Sept. 1693. 

Do. £»3 to L(.-Co1. Skelton as Major of Brigade tu the Foot 
Guards, from Ist May, to 31st October. IGUd. Dated Lembeck. 
13 Sept. 1695. 

126. 

(MS. Harl. I25U. fol. 141.) 

" The oath to be taken by all officers commission'd in the army, I July. 

" 1^3. — This oath was lu prevent their obtainiug their employments 

" by bribery." 

William K. — Our will and pleasure is, that you do not allow upon 
the musters any person who shall be hereafter commissioned by us, 
our Geoerall, or tbe Cumnander-in-Chief of our Forces, until be shall, 
besides the oath of fidelity to be taken by every officer and soldier in 
our army, have first taken and subscribed an ontb in the words fol- 
lowing, TJz.; 

" 1, A. B., do swear, thai I have not made any (ireseut or gratuity 
" for the obtaining the employment of ; neither will I. nur 

" shall any person for roe, with my knowledge att any time hereafter, 
•■ directly or indirectly make any present or reward for the same to 
" any person whatsoever. And I do further swear, dial if att any time 
" hereafter it shall come to my knowledge thai any guifl, prestrnt, or 
■' reward, has been made by any friend, either before or after my oh- 
" taining this employment, that 1 will immediately discover tbe same 
" to his Majesty or the Commander-in-Chief. 

*' And fur so doing this shall be your warrant. Given att our camp 
'■ at Perk, this Ist July. 1693; in y' liftb year of our reigu. 
" By his Maj"'* command, 

'■To our r' Irusty and r^ welbeloved cousin Menry Earle of 
" Suffolk, CoiDinissary -Gene rail of y" muslers, and to faia 
" deputy or depulys." 



127. 

Hhk'IC. Ihe S October, 1094. 
Sir, — I desire you will supply Colonel Withers (Coldstream) with 
the surom of ooe hundred pounds, in part of what is due to him, as 
Adjutant- Genemll of the Forces, since the first of January last, and 
to certify tlie same to the Earl of Ranelngh, to be deducted by him oul 
of the warrant to be iisued in England in that behalf. So hereby you 
wilt oblige. 

Sir, your, &c. 

Wh. Bl-ilTHWAYT. 
To Hr, Robert Hill, (Deputy Paymaster in the Low Countries.) 



Disbursements made by Thomas Silver for fixing; granadoes for ex- 
ercise and service of the granadiers of the Coldstream regiment of 
Foot Giinrds, from the 1st of January, I69J, to the 31st of Decem- 
ber following: 

For 3700 fuzeea to the granadiers belonging to tlie Cold- 
stream regiment of Foot Guards . . . . . IG 1.1 n 

For composition to make up the said ITuzees . .14 16 

For workmen who assisted in makiu^ up the said ffuzees . 14 U 

£45 S 

William R. 

Usual warrant to pay the amount. Dated Kensington, the 
iBtUay, 161)5. 

IW. 

William R. — For the belter regulating sereral particulars, wherein 
alterations have been introduced in our army contrary to our roynl 
intenliuus. ne do hereby declare our will and pleasure to be, 

1st, That none of our regimenta or companya of fool do wear capps, 
excepting only the royal regiment of Fuziliers, the regiment of Soots 
Fuziliers, and the granadiers of each respective regiment. 

2nd, That there be fourteen pikemcn in each company of GO men, 
excepting the two regiments a fure- mentioned and the granadiers ; and 
that each company of our Foot Guards have likewise a proportionable 
number of pikes. 

3rd, That each captain of foot, while he is upon duty, do carry k 
pike, Iha lieutenant a partizau, and every ensign a half-pike, when h« 
does not carry his colours. 

And the respective colonels and commanders of any of our regi- 
nients and battalions, and all others whom it may concern, are hereby 
strictly required to take care that our directions hereby signified, be 
forthwith complied with and dniy observed for tbe future. Given at 



APPENDIX. 

our Court at Kensington, this 30th day of December, 1GB5, i 
seventh year of our reign. 

By his Majesty's 

W». BtJTHWAYT. 




Addressed to the Earl of Romney, Lord Cutts, Sir H. Belasyie, 
Haj.-Gen. ChiirchUI, Brigadier Sleuart, Brigadier Erie, Col. Robert 
M'Kay, Cul. Fred. Hamilton, Col. Ingoldsby, Major-Gen. La He- 
loniere, Col. Coole. 



William R. — Wbereaa io consideration of the long and faithful 
Mrvices of Lieut.-CoU. Edward JoDes, kle Cap tain -Lieu tenant and 
Adjutant t» our Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, we are pleased 
to continue unto him bis pay as Captain -Lieutenant, and likewise one 
half of the pay of Adjutant of the second battalion of our said regiment; 
our will and pleasure is, that you pay unto the said Lieal.-Coll. Ed- 
ward Jones, from time to time, the pay of Captain -Lieutenant of uor 
Coldstream regiment of Guards and one half of the Adjutant's pay 
accordingly ; and that the youngest lieutenant of our said regiment for 
the time being, do serve upon ensign's pay, and the youngest ensign 
without pay, and the adjutant of the second baltallon upon half-pay, 
untill further order. And for so doing this shall be your warrant. 
Given at our Court at Kensington, tbi^ 1st day of January, 1(%I$, in the 
eighth year of our reign. 

By his Majesty's command, 

Wm. Blathwavt. 
To our right trusty and nelbeloved John Lord Cults, Mnjor- 

Generall of our Forces, and Colonel of our Coldstream 

regiment of Fool Guards : or to the Colonel or oflicer-in- 

chiuf with our said regiment for the time being. 



131. 
Horse Guards. October 9Ih, 1607. 
Sir, — The King having ordered the three troops of horse, one troop 
of Gren' Guards, and four B°* of Foot Guards, to come over from 
Flanders with the Rrst opportunity, and be quartered in and about 
London, in the usual quarters of the guards. I desire you will acquaint 
the bench of justices with it, that they may order a review to be made 
of all the quarters as soon as possible, and there shall be an officer of 
each of the regiments of foot to go along with the constables, or such 
other person as the justices shall appoinL You will press to have this 
done as soon as possible, to avoid the confusion that may otherwise 
happen, If the troops should come over before (his matter is settled. 




30(i Af'i'Evnix. 

Tlie number of troopB llinl arc lo come over you will see by Ihe 
enclosed. I am. Sir. your oli' Inimble servant, 

Gbohog Clark, 
To Mr. Cravrford, (Secretary nt wnr in Ihe abftenc« 

(Commr of Musteri.) of Mr. Blathnayt.) 

Including Ilie Companies in Enicland. 

Total Men. 

Troops of Horse Guards :— .^ Iroops, each consisting of, Inim- 
pelers 4, keltle drum' I, private men 200,^206, besides 
officers eta 

One troop of Grenadier G uards ; — Serjeants 3. corporals 6, 

drummers 4, hautboys 4, troopers 180,^107, besides officers 197 

First Regiment of Foot Guards :• — 24 companies, each con- 
sisting of. Serjeants 3, corporals 3, drummers 3, privnCe men 
80,^^88, besides officers, 2112; 4 companies of grenadiers 
of like numbers, 352 2464 

Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards: — 12 companies, each 
consisting of, seijeantsS, corporals 3, drummers 2, private 
men 80,=88, beside* officers, IftW; 2 companies of grena- 
diersoflike numbers, I7G 1332 

Regiment of Dutch Foot Guards: — 26 companies, each con- 
sisting of, Serjeants 3, corporals 3, drummers 3, private men 
91 ,=99, besides officers 2476 

One company of Cadees, consisting of. Serjeants 3, capl° of 

arms I, corporals 3, drummers 2, cadcus 86,='Sa . . 9& 

Total 7()7ft 
In England already: — of the First regiment of Foot Guards. 20 com- 
panies 1 of Ihe Coldstream regiment, 6 ditto ; of the Dutch Foot 
Guards, 8 ditto ; total, 34 compaoieB. 



By the Lord Justices :— Tho. Cantuar, I. SomerB, Sunderlaud, Dorset. 

Romney, Orford. 

We do hereby direct, that upon the arrival from Flanders of Ihe 
Battalion of bis Majesty's Coldstream regiment of Fool Guards under 
your command, yon cause them forthwith to be quartered in Deptford, 
Greenwich, and Woolwich, where they are to remain until further 
orders, and the officers are lo take care, &c. Given, &c. this lOth 6»y 
of October, 1697. By, Stc. 

George Clark. 
To the Right Hon. the liord Cutts, Colonel of his Majesty's 

Cold" rcg' of Foot GnardB, or to the officer-iu -chief with 

the said regiment. 



APPENDIX. 307 

Route for the Battalion of his Majesty's Coldstream, regiment of Foot 

Guards from their landing at Harwich to Deptford, Greenwich, and 

Woolwich. 

1st day, Harwich; 2nd do. Manning:tree ; 3d do. Colchester: 4th do. 
Witham ; 5th do. Chelmsford ; 6th do. Brentwood ; 7th do. Barking ; 
8th do. Deptford, Greenwich, and Woolwich. 

To march in sach parties and rest on such days as the officer-in- 
chief shall see cause. 

133. 
William R. — Our will and pleasure is, that you cause the Battalion 
of our Coldstream reg' of Foot Guards under your command, now at 
Deptford, Greenwich, &c., to march forthwith into the Hamlets of our 
Tower of London, where they are to remain until further orders. And 
the officers are to take care, &c. Given, &c. 17 November, 1697. 

By, &c. 

Wm. Blathwayt. 

To our right trusty and welbeloved John Lord Cutts, Major- 
General of our Forces, and Colonel of our Coldstream reg* 
of Foot Guards, or to the officer-in-chief with the 2 Batt° 
above mentioned. 

134. 

Colonel William Mathews, Major of the Coldstream, to be paid an 
allowance of £66 4f . iOd., for the hire of seven waggons, and for fuel 
and candle, &c. ; with a Battalion of seven companies of the Cold- 
stream from London to Newmarket, between the 30th March and 22nd 
April, 1698. The Battalion encamped every night on the inarch. 

Dated 26th April, 1698. 

135. 

September 3rd, 1698. 

Sir, — His Majesty having been pleased to order, that a comp* be 

formed out of the officers of the regiments that have lately been broke, 

which are to march at the head of the 1st regiment of Foot Guards, if 

any of the officers are willing to enter into this service, you will send 

them to Colonel Shrimpton, Major of the said regiment, as soon as 

may be convenient. I am, &c. 

George Clark, 

(Secretary at War in the absence 

To Major-General Earle.* of Mr. Blathwayt.) 

'^ Like letter of the same date, sent to his Grace the Duke of Bolton, 

' Earle*8 regiment was incorporated with Colonel Lutterell's, the present 
Nineteenth Foot.— War-Office Records. 



" Colonel Gibson, Colonel NorthcotI, Colonel Farrington, Colonel 
" Coote, Colonel Bradenall, Colonel Saundenon." (Kegiments lately 
disbanded.) 

136. 

Received 2000 fiizecs, &c. for tbe use of the Grenadier companiea 

of Ibc Coldstream, from Ut January, iffiij. to 3Ut December fol- 

(S.) Wm. Matthews, Major. 



137. 

The aum of £28S 65. Sd. to be paid to Colonel W<° Matlhewg of the 
Coldstream, fur lire and candle for Ibe gnards kept by (he Coldstream, 
at Kenaington, Hyde Park, Acton fioad. Arlington Gale, Tilt Yard, 
S(. James's, Wbiteball, Somerset House, the Savoy, Hampton Court, 
and Windsor, from Ut of April, 1699, to 24 AprU, 1700. 
Dated 2ud July, 1700. 

138. 
An Accd' of Ibe Coating' Charges of the Coldstream reg' of Guards 

for the year 1700, given in by Quarler-M' Wakelin. 

*' Qua'-Mas' Wakelin's bill of disbursm** for tlie Coldstream reg" of 

" Guards, one year, ending Lady-day, 1701." 



Paid for fetching ammunition for the Guards 
for labourers to load and unload . 
for 2 new cenlioel boxes in St. James's Park 
for carriage of them thither .... 
for new boarding centinel boxes in the Park, 

James's, and mending tbose in Hyde Park 
formendingthedooral tbe Till Yard . 
for standisb, pens and ink .... 
for mending Ibe wooden bed at the Tilt Yard 

for a wooden horse 

for fetching tbe colours .... 



7 (I 



The totall summ is 

mms have been disbursed for bis Majesty's 
a reasooablc this bill should be {laid. 

Wm. Mat 




APPENDIX. 



Accounl of tbe CoDting* Charges of Ibe Coldaimm RFg> of Guard*, 
for Ihe yeir 1701, given by giin'-Mast' Wakelin 
" Capt. Charles Wakelin's bill for the year 1701 

£. I. d. 
For mending tbe ccnlinel boxes in Hvde Park, St. James's 

Park, and St. James's House 6 8 

For remoiing tbe cenlinel boxes in winter . . . . IB 
For fetching ammunition for the Guards . . .700 

For labourers lo load and unload . . .090 

Forstanditb, pens. ink. and paper 6 

For locks lo the powder waggons 3 

For a wooden horse . . . . , . .18 9 

£16 12 y 

It is reasoiinble this bill shou'd be pnid. August y' 20tb. 1702. 

W«. M*TllEiv, (Major.) 

140. 

By tbe Queen. — Trusty and welbeloved, we greet you well; and 
will and command you that under our privy seal (remaining in your 
custody) you cause onr letters lo be directed to tbe Keeper of our 
Great Seal of Euglaad, commanding him, that under our Great Seal 
of Englnnd (in his custody being) he cause our letters to be made 
forth patent in form folloning : 

Anne, by tbe grace of God. fcc.' To our right trusty and right wel- 
beloved cousin and councillor John Earl of Marlborongb, greeting. 
Whereas ive have thought it necessary for our service to appoint 
and constitute a i^aptain- general for tbe commanding, regulating, and 
keeping in discipline our troops and land farces which are or shall 
be allowed by .\ct of Parliament to be raised and kept on foot ; 
know ye therefore that we, reposing especial Irnsl end oouGdence to 
the approved wisdom, fidelity, valour, great experience, and abili- 
ties of you the said John Earl of Marlborongb, have constituted and 
nppoiotedi and by these presents do constitute and appoint you to be 
captain- general of all our troops and land forces already raised, and 
hereafter to be raised, as aforesaid, and employed iu our service with- 
in our kingdom of England, dominion of Wales, and town of 
Berwick-upon-Tweed, or which shall be employed abroad in con- 
junction with the troops of our allies : giving, and by these presents 







APPENDIX. 



■If. canimBnders. ^^^" 



310 

granting, unto you full power and anthorily byyourselr, commanders, 
captnins, and other olficeTS, them to exercise, atrny, aod put in readi- 
ness, and, according lo the provision oC arma appointed fur Ibem, well 
and sufficiently cause to be weapoued and armed, and to take or cause to 
lie taken, the musters of them, or nuy oftbem, by the Commiisary- 
General of the Mullets, or bia deputies, or by sucb other officers ns he 
sbatl assign for that purpose, as often as you shall see cause ; and the 
said forces to divide into parties, regiments, troops, and companies, and 
with them, or any of tbem, respectively to resist all invasions 
wbicb shall be made by our enemies, and to suppress all rebellions 
and insurrections which shall by levying war be made against us, and 
all enemies making sucb invasion and rebells, who shall, to levy war*, 
and be found making resistance, to fight with, kill, and destroy., 
as also with full power and authority for - - - - ' ' 
casion shall require, according to your discretion, liy proclamation or 
Otherwise, to tender our royal mercy and pardon to all such 
enemies and rebells as shall submit themselves to us, and desire 
to be received into our grace and pardon. And we do likewise give 
and grant unto you full power and authority lo hold, 
be held, front time to lime, as often as there shall 
according to your discretion, one or more military or martial court 
courts, in pursuance of and according to the purport and true meaning 
of an act of Parliament passed in the thirteenth year of tbo reign 
of our late dearest brother. King William the Third, of ever blessed 
memory, entitled an Act for Punishing of Ollicers and Soldiers 
that shall Mutiny or Desert in England or Ireland ; and in the same 
court or courts lo hear, examine, determine, and punish all Muti- 
nies, Disobedience, Departure from Captains, Commanders, and 
, according to the directions of the said Act, and to cause 
e or sentences of tbe said courts to be put 
or to suspend the same, as you shall see cause; to have, hold, 
ciae, and enjoy tbe said olUce of cuptnin-gencrnl, and to perfoi 
execute the powers and nuthoritiea aforesaid, and all other matters 
and things which to your said olHce doth or may of right belong 
and appertain unto you, during onr pleasure : willing and com- 
manding all olEcers, soldiers, and persons whatsoever, any way con- 
cerned, to be obedient and assisting to you, our ca plain- geneml, in 
all things touching the due execution of this our commission, ac- 
cording to tbe purport and intent thereof. In witness, &c. And these 
our letters shall be your sufficient warrant and discbnrge in this be- 
half. Given under our signet, at our palace of Westminster, the 
fourteenth day of March, 170i, in tbe first year of our reign, 



4 

1 






JoHl 



To 



trusty and welbeloved our Commissioners for 
executing the office of Keeper of our Privy Seal. 




Nicholas. ^^^I 



141. 

Anne R.^Whereas we bare tbought tit llial a delat-limenl of our 
regiueut of Fool Guards be formed into n batlaliun, be employed oa 
board our fleet under the command of oiii right trusty and right en- 
tirely beluied cousin and councillor, James Duke ofOrniond, Geucral 
ofourHoTse; out will and pleasure is, tlial you cause the said batta- 
lion of Guarda lo march forlhivilh from tbeir prpseul quaflera (accord- 
ing to the routes bereunto annexed) to Portspiontb, from whence tbey 
are to pass over lo the Iile of Wight, wliere they are to eDL-amp, and 
to follow SQch orders for their embarkation anil otherwise, in refe- 
rence lo the present expedition, as Ibey abaU receive from tbe said 
Duke of Ormond i and Ibe officers are lo take care, &c. Given at our 
Court at St. James's, this IGtb day of May, 1703, in the Gr^t year of 
our reign. By, &c. 

Wh, Blathwmyt. 
To the Earl of Roinuej', or to tbe officers in chief 

with Ibe said regiments above mentioned. 
Delivered to Col. Braddock. comm' tbe 
Coldstream reg' of Foot Guards. 

Route for a detachment of four hundred men, with officers, of the 
Coldgtream reg" of Fool Guards, from London lo Portsmouth : — 
Kingston and the Wick, Monday. May 25, 1702 ; Guilford and God- 
Blmin. Tuesday. 20; PelersGeld. Wednes., 27;— rest, Thurs., 28; 
Portsmouth, Friday, 20. Wm, Blathwayt. 

Route for a deladiment of two hundred men, with officers, of Ibe 

First regiment of Foot Guards, from London to Portsmoutb : — Chert- 

sey and Stains. Tuesday, Mayao, 1702; Famham, Wednes., 27;— 

rest, Tburs., 28 ; Pelersfield, Friday, 2B ; Portsmouth, Saturday, 30. 

Wu. Blathwayt. 

JVnfe.— Returned to St. Helens and Chatham, and landed in Nov. 
1702, and marched by routes lo London. 

142. 
Anne R. — Right trusty and right entirely belored cousin and coun- 
cillor, wee greet you well. Whereas we ha»e ordered several of our 
forces, viz. a battalion of our Foot Guards, the regiments of Foot and 
Marines, whereof our Lieut .-General Sir Henry Bellasyse. Ll.-Gen' 
Churchill, Major-Gen' Sir Charles Hara, Edward Fox, Esq., and the 
Lord Viscount Shannon, are Colonels, with a detachment of two hun- 
dred Dragoons, and officers proportionable, ef Colonel William Lloyd's 
regiment, to repair to the Isle of Wight ; and have likewise ordered 
the regiments whereof Brigadier William Seymour is Colonel, with 
five companies of Colonel Villiers's regiment of Marines, to be ready 



AP1*K\I)1X, 

lo embark at Plymouth on board sucb aliips ns sliall be seni (hithi 
Bi ilso live regtmenls of Toot to come Trom our kingdom o[ Ireland, 
who are to serve on board our fleet and olhernise, under your com- 
mand, for this summer's expedition ; ne do hereby signify onr royal 
will and pIeH8ur«. that you take the said batlnliou of Foot Guards, 
regiments and companies of Fool and Marines, and detachment of 
Dragoons, nnder your command, and give tbetn such orders from lime 
(0 time, in reference to their embarkation and otherwise, during the 
present expedition, as our service shall require, in pursuance of such 
commission and instructions as you have received, or shall 
receive, from us: for which this shall be your warrant. Given «t 
St. James's, the 22d day of May. 1702, in Ihe first year of our reign. 

By her Majesty's command, Wh, Bl* 

To our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin and 
councillor, James Duke of Ormoud, General of oui 
Horse, and Commander-in-Chief of our Forces ap- 
pointed for sea-serrice, 

UJ. 

Whitehall, 8lh Jane, 1703. 
My Lord, — His Royal Highness does think fit that, pursuant to 
Majesty's orders dated 2-2d May last past, your Grace do give the 
cessary directions that the forces now in the Isleof Wight be forthwith 
embarked on board the ships appointed to receive them at Spiiheud. 

I am. my Lord, your Grace's most oh' and humble servant. 
To the Dukeof Ormond. Wm. Blathwavt, 

144. 

Lient.-CoU, Rich' Holmes (Coldstream) humbly crates an allowance 
for his distnirsments with a battalion of her Majesty's Foot Guards, 
from the 6lh of July, 1702, to Colehrook, Stow, and Windsor, to 
the ]9th day of August; and alsa from London to Bnlh, &c. from 
the liJth August to the Uth October following ; viz. 

£. *. rf. 

For 3 waggons to carry the battalion's baggage, with their 
officers, and ammunition, &c. to Colebrook, Stow, and 
Windsor, as above, at 8d. p. mile 2 16 

For candles, straw, and 2 guard-roomes, at Colebrook, 
Slow, and Windsor, during tlic Queen's slay at Wind- 
sor, from the 5th of July lo the 34th August . . .5 IS S 

Tor a lanthome to relieve the centinells . . .050 

For 3 waggons to carry the battalion's baggage, ammuni- 
tion, and officers, from London to Bath, Mursbfield. and 
Bradford, according to their sev" routs . .91^4 



a «t 

1 



k^ 




IJroughl forward 
For Gre. candles, Biid slraiv, for the sev" guard* al Balh, 
MarshSeld, and Brndford, and upon the march, from 
the 19th August lolhe II ihOclober following . 1-2 15 

For 2 guard-chambcra at Balh for the officers and bntUlion 4 2 6 
For 3 carriages for the battalion's return, both from Bath, 
Manbfield, and Bradford, by set" rouia . 10 4 

Tolall is . 45 2 10 

Rd, Holmes, Major. 

143. 
The earn of £26 ISi. 8d. to be paid to Lieut.- Colonel Henry Morry- 
son of the Coldstream, for the contingent disbursements of a ballalion 
of Foot Guards under his command, in their march from London on 
20lh March. ITOl, to Chiehesler, and from Chichester on the 17th 
May to Portsmoulh, nnd back again, in two detachments, on Ibe IHIh 
and SOtb August, to their quarters in London; and tbesnm of £26 16t. 
lo Lieut. -Colonel Andrew Blasett of the Coldstream, for the con' 
disb" of another battalion, under his command, on their march from 
London in August. 1703, to Bath i during their doing duty there; 
and from Bath, in October, back to London. 

Dated St. Jameis, 16th December, 1703. 
146. 
The sum of £I2 1>. 7d. to be paid to Lieut. -Colonel Charles Wake- 
lyn, Quarter-Master to Coldstream, expended by him in providing 
cen tin el -boxes, and otherwise, for the service of the Coldstream regi- 
ment of Fool Guards. 

To Captaiii William Stevenage £4 d>. id., disbursed by bim in 
providing carriages on the march for a detachment of the Coldstream 
from London, on 191h March, 170!, to Dover, and back again. 

To Captain Allen £2 lOi. 2d., for another detachment of the Cold- 
stream on the march from lA)ndon to Southampton. 

Dated St. Jameis, 8th April, 1704. 
147. 
An Account of Money disbursed by Coll. Richard Holmes, Major of 
the Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, for the carriages of the 
entire cloatbing and all the accoutrements for the detachment of 
the said regiment, quartered in Portsmouth and Ibe Isle of Wight, 
being 200 private sentinells. with Serjeants, corporallB, and drum- 
men. June. 1704. £- i. d. 
For three waggons from London to Kingston, being 12 miles, 

at 8rf. p. mile each 14 



llrouglil forwarj I 4 W 

From Kindlon to Gniirurd, 18 miles . . . . I ICi 

From Guilford to Haslemcre, 12 miles . . .14 

From Haslemere to Petersficid, 10 miles . . .10 

Friim Peteralield to Purtsmoittli, lU miles . . . 1 IG 
For a lioy from Poriaraoulh lo llie Isle of Wight, to carry 

partoftliecloiilliiDg 10 

For a roonie for the cloatliiiig upon the marcli, and candles 

for ibe guard, beiug (I uigiiCs 1> 

Tntall . 7 1!J O 
Rd. Holmes, Major. 

14^. 

Cock-pilt, July 7tli, 1704. 

My Lord ; — The Comm" of Lords have met every day of Isle to 
consider of my Lord Gallway's proposalls, and they having given 
their opinions upon tliem, her Ma'> has been pkasc-d to order, that for 
the Kiug of Porlugnll's assistance there be traiisporled from Irelaud 
to Lisbon 1500 recruits, and one reg' of Foot and one reg' of Dra- 
goons, and from Fngland one balalllon of the Foot Guards, to consist 
of COO men, and officers proportionable ; these last are ordered to be 
ready by the 26lb iuslaut, and are designed lo go by the way of Ire- 
land, and take the troops from thence under one convoy. The Lords 
liave still under their consideralton the sending of one thousand 
English horse of about 14 bands high, they being judged Sliest for 
that service, and very mndi wanted ; but considering that the trans- 
ports are with S' Geo. Rooke at a great charge, and Ibat it will bo 
dilScnlt to procure other ships for this transport, and that it will cost 
her Ma'' about J^' lib., for which there is no provision by the Par- 
liament, I believe the Lords will rather incline lo advise her Ma*i to 
try to procure borses from Barbary ; at least there will be no poailive 
orders for sending any horses from hence, till il is known what can ba 
bad from Barbary. According to the liberty your Grace has given 
me, I shall trouble jou now with a word out of my province. There 
is great reasuu lu fear the Uuke of Savoy will be lost, if notbtng can 
be doue for bis assistance, or lo divert the enemy in Italy ; and in 

;e ofyour success in bringing over ilavarin by force or treaty, it ia 
apprehended the Entperor may press for nasLstauce in Hungary against 
the malecontents. Your Grace is the best judge what measures to 
take in that case, but your gooduess will pardon my own private 
thoughts, wliich are well meant, and with all submission; and they 
are, that nothing should divert your Grace from ibe Ihoughls 



of MC- ^M 



APFEXDIX. ^15 

roaring Savoy one tray or ntlicr, irlien Ihc Emperor can spare anv 
troopH, and if (be Emperor witl doI bearken to measurps proposed Tor 
■bat purpoae, 1 knon- not bjt il were belUr to make Lini apprehend 
that jrour Grace nill march Lack again, if sncb Iroops aa can be 
spared are not sent into Italy, and, if possible, nilh Prince Eugene at 
Iheir bead. If the empire be saved, 'tis by her Ma""'* troops under 
your Grace 'i conduct ; this march waa principally for his sake. Her 
Ma*'*' Seet is in the Mediterranean, at a vait expeiice, for the support 
of the Coil federates, and the Portugal expedition was undertaken fur 
aetliog the Emperor's son on the throne of Spaine. when al the same 
time her Ma'' has neither ships nor land forces in or near lier own 
dominions, or can have them upon any emergency ; all which being 
considered, her Ma"" has a right to direct in the councills for the ope- 
rations of the campagne, and it seema most resonable and fiti that Ihc 
Emperor should comply with any proposalls your Grace should make 
for the service of the whole confederacy. It is pitty your Grace's 
glorious success should be any ways chequed, and there is no service 
in view that seems to be equivalent (o the driving the French troops 
out of Italy, except that of clearing Bavaria of them, which we hope 
will speedily be the consequence of your victory of Donawert. I am, 
with Ibe greatest respect and tmlh, my Lord, y' Grace's most obe- 
dient and moil humble servant, C. Hedges. 
Duke of Marlborough. 
Endorsed ;^Mr. Secretary Hedges to the Duke of Marlborough, 
7th July. 1704. (Lansdowne MSS. M9. fol. 2.50.) 

I4B. 

Anne R. — Oar will and pleaaare ia, UiAt you cause a detacfametit of 
■ix hundred private soldiers, with a competent number of commis- 
sioned and non-commissioned officers, to he forthwith made out of the 
several companies of our First and Coldstream reg*- of Foot Guards 
now in England, proporlionably, and to march according to the route 
hereunto annexed, to Portsmouth, where they are to embark on 
Wednesday, the 261h of this instant July, on board such ships as shall 
be apiiointed to carry them lo Portugal, lo be employed in our ser- 
vice there; and the officers, &c. Given at our Court at Windsor, 
Ibis Knh day of July, 1704, in the third year of our reign- 
By. kc. H. St. John. 
To onr trusty and right entirely beloved coniin and coun- 
dllor, John Duke of Marlborough, Cap lain -General of 
our Forces, and Colonel of our First reg'of Foot Guards. 
And to our right trusty and welbelored John Lord Culls, 
Lieut.-Gen' of our Forces, and Colonel of our Cold- 
■Ireaoi reg' of Foot Guards: and to the officer^in -chief 
with those regiments and the detachment abori: tncn- 
Itoned respectively. 



i 
I 




ai6 

Roule for a delucliment of six bundred mtn and officers of tlie Foot 
Guards, from London to Portamouth : — KingitoD, Thureday, July 2U, 
1704; Guilford and Godalniin. Friday, 31 ; PetersGeld, Saturday, 23: 
—rest, Sunday, 23; Portsmouth, Monday, 24. H. St. John, 

lao. 

CoDtinpiDl Di*burseuieiili in tlie march of a detadiment of six huo- 
dred men, besides officers, of the Foot Guards, from London (o 
Portsmouth, that are ^ing to PorlDKal). (Route dated 101b July; 
1704.) £. t. rf. 

Pot 13 wagons for carrying dotrne to Portsmouth the 
armes, tents, kettles, field i:oullerB, shoes, shirts. Block- 
ings, and sevemll other necessarys, provided extraordi- 
tinry for the use of the soldiers in Porlugall, being 7a 
miles, at Sd. a mile for each wngnoii . . . 31 13 Q 

For ten nn^gons for thi; officers' baggage for ditto, they 
having made extraordinary proiisiim of sevemll things 
on this occasion, which thc>y could not furnish them- 
selves in Portngall - . 

For straw, candle, acid otiii^r incident churges on Iheir 
march 



(Richard) Russell, Commaodaut. — 

(Capt, and Lieut.-Col. Ist Foot Guitrds.) 



Idl. 

In future commissions, children will be restricted to two in at 

legimeol at one time, and (hose to be the children of officers slain, i 

suffered extremely in the service ; and nhea any rrgimeni is ordered 

abroad, the children are to be removed into other regiments. 

Dated 2»th May, 1706. 

152. 
Extract of a Letter from Mr. St. John to Mr. Secretary Harlejt. 
Whitehall, 3rd Nov. 17US. 
PetilioDof Hugh Baxter. 
" That by a warrant, dated the 7th August, 1703. under the hand of | 
" the late Sir William Matthews, who was Lieut.- Colonel to the Cold- 
" stream reg' of Foot Guards, I find the petitioner was appointed cby- 
" rargeon's mate of (he said regiment, which I am informed was given 
" him upon the ri^fusal of the surgeon's mate to go abroad upon ser- 
" vice, who afterwards, applying himself to my Lord Cutis upon his 
" arrival from Holland, was restored, and is now abroad with the bat- 
" talion of that regiment, and therefore Ihe said Baxter was dismissed 
" by his Lordship." 



APPENDIX. 

153. 

Wbiteball, 2'2<J Jnnuary. I70|. 
Sir, — His Grace the Duke of Marlborough hating givpi 
L'-Col. MorysoD, with the detachment of tbe Coldstream regimetit ol' 
Guard* ID Catalonia, to return to England, is pleased to order tbat jou 
appoinl another offiuer of the regiment to go over in bis room with 
the 6rat convoy bound for the Streighls. 

1 am. Sir. your most humble serrant, H. Sr. Juhn. 

To Colonel Braddock, Coldstream Guards. 

154. 

Whitehall, 6(h February, I70i. 
Sir, — It appearing to his Griice the Duke of Marlborough, under the 
hands of two physicians, that Colonel Stevenage is labouring under 
a distemper which renders him uiiGt to serve with the detachoient of 
the Coldstream regiment in Spain : his Grace does therefore think fit 
that you appoint the next officer in turn to go orer thilher in his 
stead. 1 am. Sir, your most humble sertaot, 

H. St. John. 
To Colonel Braddock, Coldstream Guards. 

155. 

Anne R, — Whereas we have received iufomtation, that the battalion 
of our Fool Guards in Spain is reduced to three hundred private 
soldiers or thereabouts; our will and pleasure is, that yon cause a de- 
tachment of three hundred and ten men to be made out of the severall 
companies of our First and Coldstream regiments of Foot Guards, 
now in England, proportionabl^r ; and putt on board sui^h ships in the 
river of Thames as shall be appointed to receive tbem under the care 
of the officers of our said regiments who are now going to their com- 
mands in Spain : and for so doing this shall be your warrant. Given 
at our Court at St. James's, this 8th day of Febniary, UOi, in the 
fourth year of oor reign. Bv her Majesties commands. 

H. St. JoiiSi. 
To our right trusty. &c. John Duke of Marlborough, &c. and 

our right trusty. Inc. John Lord Cutis. Sic. 

" Memorand'" — This detachm' is to embark upon notice from the 
■' CoramissioDers of TranspoTlation Ibat shipping is ready (o receive 
•' them." 



Extract of a Lre from Mr, St. John to the Comm" of Transports, 

dated Whitehall, 12 Feb. 170!. 
" An account of the detach' of Fool Guards going to Spain, and of 
■ officers of other reg". 





318 



APPENDIX. 



" Coldstream r.-g' of Fool Guards:— Lt.-Col. Scaiven nnd .1 servaniB 
" Ensign Uradbury and 1 serranl, 140 ]irivale soldiers ; total I4C" 
Extract of n Lre from Mr- S(, John to Mr. Biircliett, 12 Feb. 170S. 
" Vou are desired to give dirvclions for tUe receiving on bonrd the 1 
■' convoy now bound for Liaboo, going to thvir coDMoandj ia Spaia^ i 
" li.c.~~ U.-Co\. Ilisaell, Lt.-Ool. Wokelyn, Ll.-Col. Swan, of lbs 1 
" Foot Guards." 

157. 
Extract of a Letter from Mr. St. Jobn to Col. Bissetl. 18 Feb. ITOf. 
Tlie three ollii^ers named to go on board the iransporla with Ibe 1 
detach' of 3U0 men of the Guards going to Spaio, and not to fo with 
the convoy to Lisbon. 

Lt.-Col. Bissett eommands Ibe delncbmeni of 300 recruiti for the 
Guards going to Spain.— Dated 2:(d Feb. 170S. 

Tbe exact nunibur of the detachment of Foot Guards going to Spain 
is agreed to he .138 soldiers, including officers und their servants. 
To be taken on board lo -ID orron.— Dated 2d March, 17(lt 

ISS. 

Tito men a company to Lc allowed from 251h Febraary Inat, to 1 
enable the Inn rcpnients of Gunrds to complele their arms, as well 
as to complete those in place of pikes which they would exchange for 

Dated 161b March. ITCf. 



159. 
The stRtidnrds. as well as the banners of the kettle drnras mi tmn- 
pets of the troops of HiM'se Guards and Grenadier Guards, are to be 
altered upon the prwenl ocrasion of the Union ivilh Scotland; and 
new standards nnd Imnners are to be furnished out of the wardrobe 
under my Lord Chsniberlniti agninst the first dny of May next. 
Ditted 18Ib April, 1707. 



Whitehall. Mlh April, 1707. 
Gentlemen,— In answer to yonr Iclter of the SCth instant, this is to 
acquaiot yon, tlial of the First regiment of (Foot Guards there are 
eleven comp" in Holland ; and of the other seventeen comp" of that 
regiment, and the iVonrleen eonip" of the Coldstream regiment, 
there is a detachment of six hundred men nnd officers in Spain formed 
into ten compnnys, so that there is remaining in England twenty -one 
voiupanys of both regiments. 

lam, Getrtlemcn, yonrmost humble lervani, H, Sr. Jims'. 
To the priacipal officers of the Ordnance, 



1G1. 

Wliili'hair, snili June, 17U7. 
GeDtlemeD,— In aaswcr (o yaur letter of llie 13lli instant, con- 
cetaiag the demand vbich the ofticers of the two regimrnts or 
Pool Guards make for powder, I am to acquaint you, thatnllhough by 
reason of the dPlachmEiil of six hundred men which was made 
out of the 31 comp** thereof in England and sent lo Spain, the remuin- 
der of those coiupanya might be computed to amonnt only to 21 full 
romp", yet the real number of companya in England are 17 of tbe 1" 
iegimei>t, tivo whereof consist of 70 men, and tbe other liAeen of 50 
men in each, and 14 of tbe Coldstream regiment of 50 men in each, all 
bearing (ire-arms. 

I am. Gentlemen, your most humble servant, H. St. John, 
To tbe principal oflicers uf tbe Ordnance. 



The I-'and Coldstream regiments of Foot Guards to recruit, to fill 
up tbe companies from whence the detachmenta were Eoadc tbal formed 
tbe batt* in Spain. 

Dated 15th Sept. 1707. 

163. 
Proposal of the Gen' Officers relative lo the Clothing of the Army. At 
a Meeting in the Great Room at the Horse Guards, on the 4th Feb. 
I70l, end another Meeting on the 7tb Feb., it was agreed that tlie 
quantity and quality of clolbtng for tbe Foot should be, viz. : — 
For the 6rs( year, — A good clotb coat, well lined, which may aerve 
for tbe waistcoat the second year ; a pair of good thick keraej 
breeches ; a pair of good strong stockings; a pair ofgoodatrong shoes; 
B good shirt and a neckcloth ; a good strong hal, well laced. 

For the second year, — A good cloth coat, well lined, as for Ihe lirst 
year ; a waistcoat made of Ihe former year's coat : s pair of strong 
kersey new breeches ; a pair of good strong slockings ; a pair of good 
strong shoes ; a good sbirl and a neckcloth ; a good strong hat. ivell 

That all accoutrement*, hs swords, bells, palroHtarha, and drum 
carriages, be made good as they are wanted. 

That the recruits be supplied with a new naislcoal, and one shirt, 
and one nerkclotb more than tbe old soldiers, who have some linen 
before hand. 

That the aerjeants and drnmi be clothed after Ihe same nnnner. but 
every thing in its kind better. 
Anne R. — Warrant approvinij and ordering recommendation ofgcnerall 

oflicers raspecting clothing, ami aulborisiu^' a itcrniiuicnt Board for 



regulaliug clotliing. dnled Kensinglon, 
patterns to be lodged in llie office as a i 

For this next campaign. 1708. 
Foot. — A good full boUy'd cloth coat, well lined, 









tlie second j 






a p' of good kersey 



I brecclies ; a p' of good strong stockings ; a p' of good strong sboes ; 

i two good shirts and two neckcloths ; a good strong lial. well laced. 
For the second year. — A good clolh coal, well lined, as for the first 
jear ; a waistcoat made of the former year's coal ; a pair of strong 
kersey new breeches ; a pair of good strong stockings : a pair of good 
strong shoes ; a good shirt and a neckcloth ; a good strong hatt, « 

That tbe accoutrements, viz. swords, bells, cartridge boxes, and j 
drum carriages, shall be provided out of the off- reckonings. 

That tbe Serjeants, corporals, and drums be clothed in the ss 
manner, but every thing better in its kind. 



All brevet officers It 
respective regimi 



164. 
o duty according to the posts lUey bold in their i 



Dated 2nd August, 170S. 
165. 



Loudon Gax. No. 4516. From 17 to 21 Feb. I70t. 
Deserted cut of Lt.-Col. Francis Scawen's comp'. in her Majesty's 
Colds°> rcg. of Fool Gnardx, Edward Evans, n black man. wears a black 1 
wig, about a foot 10 inches high, aged about 34 years, a pavier by I 
trade. Thomas Tunnill, commonly called Islington Tom, about 6 foot T 
8 inches high, wears a bushy light brown wig, full face, with s 
small moles in bis cheek ; he was n labourer to the said Edward Evana, 
lived at Islington, and formerly drove hogs. John Keymonre, a dark 
brown man, his own lank brown hair, a full nose, thin face, a liomaa 
_ by trade, born at tbe Devizes in Wiltshire, wrought lately with Mr. 

K King in the Pall Mall St. James's, supposed to be gone to work at 

H his trade in Bristol. Edward Lovelace, about 5 foot 10 inches higb, a 

^K lusty well-set man, wears a brown wig, very full of pockholes ia hia 

^P face, bom at Frome in Somersetshire, a clothier by trade, lately used 

^1 the Sheers alehouse in Bell-Alley in Coleman Street, Loudon, and 

^H wrought thereabouts. Whoever secures any of tiiem, so that they 

^^K may be delivered to Capt. Richard Green, giving notice at tbe Tilt- 

^H Yard CoSee-house, shall have 20i. reward for each ; and if they nill i 

^H return to their colours in 14 days lime after the date hereof, they shall ! 

^H be pardoned. 

L 



l^adon Gai. 4617, from 31 to 24 Feb. 170!. 
out of Ll.-Col. Robert Bethell's comp', in bi 



Majesty's 



J 



APi'ENUlX. 3*1 

Cold*, rrg, of F. G*. comm* by bii ExC Gen' Cbarlei Churcbill. 
Jottatbati Shell vock. aged about 25 years, red -haired, iteariag a brovin 
nig, round visaged, stooping in the shoulders, born in Shropshire, 6 
foot 7 inches higb. and Jacob Harrison, aged 34 yenrs, about 5 fool 6 
inches high, pockbolea in his face, wears his own short brown hair, 
bom in Derbyshire. Whoever shail secure either of the two. and gire 
notice to Mr. France at the Tilt-Yard CofTee-houM, ovcr-against 
Whitehall Gate, or to Mr. Man at Man's Coffee-bouie at Chariog 
Croas, shall receive as a reward the sura of £5. for each ; or if they 
nil) retom to their colours in lU days lime, shall be kindly received 
and jiardoned. 

Lond. GUI. 4:Vtg. from 13 to IC June, ITuil. 
Deserted out of Lt.-Col.Tunier'scani[i) iu the Colds, reg. of P. G'<-, 
comm-' hy the Hon. Gen. Churchill, George Carey, aboat 5 fool 7 in., 
very nell set, fair complexioo, weariog Lis own hair pretty long, and 
turned at the ends, aged about 29, born in Kent, a glass-grinder by 
trade, and formerly worked with Mr. Gibbins iu Hosier Lane. John 
King, a tall black man, about 5 foot lOiu., with a high nose, leaning a 
little to Ibe right, wearing a dark brown wig, aged about 35, born in 
Worcestershire. Alcock Goolding, a well-set man, about Q fl. 8 is. and 
a half, wearing his own sandy bushy hair, fair complexion, strait limbs, 
aged about 2.'), born within 6 or 7 tniles of Colchester in Essex, a 
baker by trade. If tbey will return to their colours in 10 days, they 
■hall be kindly received and pardoned : or whoever secures theoi and 
gives notice to Col, Turner at his houae in Cleveland Court in St. 
James's, shall receive Ino guineas reward for each. 

166. 

Tbe Colonels of the regiments in Flanders, by desire of his Grace 
the Duke of Marlborough, are to give directions to all Ibe officers of 
their respective regimentB, " lo have red coats with black buttons and 
" button-holes, for their regimental clothing for the present year." — 

Dated Whiteball. I€th March. 1701. 

167. 
Au Camp entre Quesuoy et Valenciennes, le 17' Sept. 1709.' 
Ce flit le 1 1' de ce uiois enlre sept et buit heures du matin que I'Ar- 
m^e des Allies attsqua la autre avec taut de furie que depnis plus d'un 
•iecle il ne s'est vu une action plus sanglante que celle qui s'est faile 
ce jour-Ii, etqui sera memorable h tous lea aiecles k venir. Les Anglois 
commencerent I'attaque par le Bois de Sart. que nous arions rempli 
d'lnfanterie et parfaitement rctrnnch^. Hals on n'y Gt pas toute la 

' CanitiLeilFn. StKcP^per Oftire. 



I 
I 



322 



Al'PEXDlX. 



r^atance qti'on aaroildn faire, puiaquedu bucc<>b(1o cellc altnque dc- 
peodoit beaacoup eeluy de In journ^e ; cependa.Dl peu de ccux qui lo 
derendoienl e.H chap pe rent, lanl Ip9 cnnemiB esloieni acharnfs et ba- 
cheoient en pieces luut ce qui Be rencotilroit dciant eax el xacme lea 
moHs lortuiiie leiir Tureur tie irouvoil pu des vivans 4 dtvorer. 

Loa HoUandois ce Turent pas ci heureux h notre droite, poj-ceque 
notre Infanlerio y fit dtrs mcrvuillcs, et ue fill foruise qu'apr^s avoir de- 
fvndu sea retrancliemenU peudniit cinq heures cnlierea par nn ftii dtM 
plus tIoIcdb. 

11 Ml constant auisi qnn lus enneroU ont inflnimeut sonlTert de oa 
c6l'^-lil. lU Turent renverat'S par plusieurs reprises, et ce fat Ifc a<i il k 
passH des actions h^roTques de port et d'autre. 

L'livantage du lerrniii, Irois retranchemeotg cona^cutift, rien ne fiit 
capable d'intioiider dos terriblea enoemis, et on les voyoit venir k corps 
d^couverta, non comme des bommes, mnia comme des demons i des d£> 
charges de vingt pieces de canon, portant k plomb tout k Ih fois daaa 
leurs Balaillons, ne pouvoieut teg ^branler, quoyqu'elles renverMssent 
des rangs tout entjers. 

La valeur a esclat^ de nostre cost6 autant qu'il a est6 possible, lea 
G^Q^raiii. DC se sont paa espargn^'S, et ont donoi; bon exemple aux 
troupes par utie opiniAtret6 toule extraordinaire i^ iic vonloir jamais 
c^der la vicloire, ct nous la crumes k nODs lorsqu'iin gros Corps de 
Cavalerie Ennemie dans le centre de leur Arrafe plia k Val deroulfl 
decant la Maisondu Roy; mats les G£nfraux eniiemis a'^^fant mu k 
leur teste les rameuoyent bientost au combat, et avec lant de furie 
qu'ils enfoncereiit peu apr^s notre centre, dans le in^me ferns que notr* 
droite eatnmen^oit k Bucconber aux efforts de la guncbe des eDoemis, 
et que la nostre 6toil cbass^e de sea retranchem'* et des bois. 

Alors la victoire se d^clara contre nous, et il faltut c^der A de si fer- 
ribles otTorts ; jamais on n'a vu nos Troupes plus nnim^es k bien faire 
que ce jour-U, ni disposition mieux ordonn^e ni mieux prise que cclltf 
que les Mareschaux de fioufflera el Villara avoient faite ; mais quand 

LDieu nc combat point avec les bommes. tout est inutile. Le Roi doit 
estre content de aes Troupes li celte action : II n'y a pas de doule qne 
les ennemis y ont perdu leur meilleure Infanterie ; la nostre y a aussi 
extr^mement eouSert, et nous comptona d'avoir laiss^ an moins sept 
mjlle morts sur le cbamp de balaille, et nous avons plus de dix mille 
blessez. 
Nous ne pouvons pas encore pinttrer le veritable sujet pour quoy 
rEnnctnt n'a pas l6moign£ plua d'nrdeur k nous ponrsuivre ; il parolt 
que ce ne pent estre que la perte de leur Inranterie. Nous 
assortment une des plus belles retraitcs qu'il se soit Titit de tn^moire 
d'homme, devant une Arm^'e viclorieuse ; mais il est sllr ausai que le# 
Ennemis nous en out donuu tout le lems, et qn'ils ne 
que par forme. 



avons fait 
E Di^ moire 
sai que le« ^^m 
'. poumiiTi ^^1 




APPKMJIX. 

C'estoit cppendnnt loute nutria inqui^lade, puisque, cooime j'njr dit, 
lorsque les eDncniU nous enfuDcerenl par Ic ceniro enire Ics deux bm*, 
noire Armee fut si'par^e, la droite ne pouvsDt joindrc la gauche, 
parceqae lea Ennrmii so formereol d'abord jusqu'sux Uayts des Ta- 
nieres, et c'estoit avec justice qu'on cmi^noit qae la gaucbe ne fflt 
envelopp^e, parcequ'elle avoit est^ poussee In premiere. II n'cstoit pai 
plus de deux beures el demje lonque le combat Hoil, el lea 
aroteut encore un beau reite de joor. et nous sceumes aaaez bieii pro- 
filer du tenia. puisqu'araDl que le toleilful baa nous avionapass^BaTsy, 
el par coDsf'queat bora de danger. 

Noua nous appcri^unies aloraque notre gauche n'eatoil pas poursoivie 
plus que nous, et que les Ennemis s'estoient lout-^'fut coDtea»^s du 
cbamp de balaille : nous Tiimes cependaat toute leur ca*aterie aur les 
Hanleura de Tanierea ea forme de Croissanl, et on ignoroil encore 
leurdessein vers les cinq heurei ; raala apres lea avoir fait reconnoitre, 
on eut avia qn'ila j faiioient balle : A la verili^ cette nouvelle n 
beaucoup de piftisir, puiaqu'elle nous donna le terns de respirer. 

Les Eiinemis n'ont fail d'autres prisonniersque les bles 
pn suirre, et reux qui lont resles par faiblesse a Bavay. Nous a 
tons Douie Cents Ulficiera blessez, parmi leaquela il y en a pluaii 
de distinction. Le Ma'al de Villars, qui a acquis beaucoup d'bonneur 
pendant cette jonm^e par sa valcur exlraord", aura peine de so tirer 
d'affaire. Guicbe, Albergotti, et plusicurs nulrca en revjendrool. La 
Mnison du Roy a perdu plusieurs Eslaiidarts et Timbales ; mais il est 
sOr qu'elle a fail tout ce qu'oD devoit attendre d'elle. 

Lea Eugene et Marlborough doiv 
puisque jusqu'4 re jour-lik ils n'aroient jamais Irou*6 de r^si^lauce 
digue d'eux, et ila pourront dire k prfiaent a 

doit teuir devanl eux. Et qu'esl-ce qui poiirra arrester le couri raptde 
deceadeuxfameux Heros. que nousnepouvons cesser d'admirer, si une 
Armfede Cent Millehommes des meilleurei troupes, post^e enlredeux 
bois, retranch^e triplemenl, faisant tons les devoirs que les plus braves 
genu peuveni faire, ne peul seiilemeu 
vDus point avec moy qu'ils surpassont tons ceux des ticclea passcEf 



Al'PKNDlX, 




Ude de Ib perle de I'lnranterie des Hnuls Allien,. Innt tuit que 
bleia^i, 1 la BalaiUe de Tatiieres, I'dnzii^iiip Septembre, i;09. 



jue ^^1 









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of tho Officar. of Her M.jentys For 
Major Leslie. 



Lieut.-Colonel Arutidi 
Lieut.-ColDnpl Belh^l. Biigndi 
Ciplun Phillip' 
Cipnin Gould. 



Caplua Sniilh. 
CBptaiD Mclri). 



Lilo, 
('Hptiin Fairly. 



|[ Fullerlon. 
il Bttilil»v. 
It Parker. 



F.nsign Ji 
SirTh, 



-CepUiin Twifi 



It is lier Mujesly's pleasure, that a lieuteiiBnl nilh forly men and 
non-comm'' ofllcerB proportionably of ihe Foul Guards do march at 
three a clock, this aFlernoon to the Piazzas in Covent Garden, and 
parade there, in order to be nasisting Ihe civil niBgislralea for pre- 



dan GsEnltfl J 



APPKXDIX. 325 

« 

renting any mischief that may happen at the play-house in CoTent 
(harden. GiTen at Whitehall, the I9th day of March, 17if. 

G. Granville. 
To Major-Gen' Tatton, or Mnjor-Gen' Braddock, of her 
Majesty's Foot Guards, and the officer commanding the 
detacht. above mentioned. 

169. 

Whitehall, 9th August, 1711. 
Gentlemen, — Her Majesty having thought fit that a field officer of 
the Foot Guards be always in waiting upon her Royal Person, in like 
manner as she is attended by an officer of the Horse Guards, I am 
commanded to acquaint you with her Majesty's pleasure herein, and 
that she expects a compliance therewith as soon as may be. 
I am, gentlemen, your most humble servant, 

G. Granvillr. 

Officer-in-chief with the two regiments of Guards. 

W^indsor, August 1.5th, 1711. 
Sir, — Her Majesty has commanded me to signify to you, that it is 
her Majesty's pleasure, a field-officer belonging to one of her regi- 
ments of Foot Guards do duty at her Palace, as was formerly prac* 
tised in the reign of King Charles the Second, for the better preser- 
vation of good order and discipline near her royal person. 

I am, Sir, your most humble servant, 
Major- Gen' Holmes. G. Granville. 

170. 
Provision should be made in the Savov Barracks for five hundred 
foot soldiers, and also a house for the officers who are to be constantly 
on duty there.— Dated 12th March, 17H. 

171. 
Anne R. — Our will and pleasure is, that you cause the fourteen 
companies of our Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards under your 
command to be disposed of in quarters as follows, viz' : In St. Andrew's 
Holborn, St. Giles's in the Fields, part of the Dutchy Liberty, Clerk- 
entvell, Cripplegate, and St. Sepulchre's Without, where they are to 
remain until further orders. And the officers, &c. Given at oar Court 
at St. James's, this 19th day of February, 17^, in the eleventh year 
of our reign. By her Majesty's command, 

W. Wyndham. 

To our trusty and welbeloved Charles Churchill, Esq., 
General of onr Foot, and Colonel of our Coldstream 
regiment of Foot Guards, or the Officer-in-chief with the 
regiment. 

VOL. II. Y 



172. 

Five hundred men of the Foot Guards are to be lodged nitliin lliB 
Savoy, as soon as barracks can be made for tbem ; and iti tlie mean 
time Ihe barrack necessaries ordered, are to be delivered la an officer 
of the ColdBtresm to be made use of at Hampton Court and Keniiiig- 
ton, where the soldiers arc to be lodged until the conveiiieacieB of Ihe 
Savoy shaU be fitted up.— Dated lOtli April, i;i3. 

173. 
The Contingent Bill of Captain John Parsons, Quar'-Mas' to her 

Majesty's Coldstream regim' of Fool Gnords, from 24Ih December, 

1713, to 24th December, 1713, £. j. d. 

Fonndage of last contingent bill 2 3 10 j 

For barges to carry beds, bolsters, blnnkets, ruggs, and 

sheets, for 600 men from the Tower to the Savoy and 

Hampton Court 8 

Porters to load and unload the same . . . 2 16 

For a new noadcn horse at the Tilt Yard, and painting , 3 12 
Fetching ammunition from the Tower severall times . .400 

Porters to load and unload the same 6 

Two new centry-boxes in St. James's Park . . .600 

For mending the centry-boxes in St. James's House and 

Park, and painting the same 9 7 6 

Sending ammuiiilion to Hampton Court, screrall times, for 

the duty and exercise of the six companies there . . 1 18 
For bringing the bedding from Hampton Court to the Savoy 5 

Porters lo load and unload the same 1 12 

Sending ammunition to Windsor divers times . . .200 
Carriage for officers' baggage to and from Windsor . .340 
Paid the smith for work at St. James's and Tilt Yard . .420 
Paid the glasier for mending windows at St. James's and 

Tilt Yard ■ 3 11 

For books, paper, pens and ink 3 6 8 

For lanthoms, broouis, basketts and mopps . . ,480 

£65 14 

This is a reasonable bill, and ought lo be allowed. 

Rd. Holmes, Major. 

174. 
James, Duke Marquis and Earl of Ormonde, ice. Captain Gen" of all 
her Maj'''' Land fibrcea, &c. 
Whereas I have received information that several soldiers of tha 
regiment of Marines commanded by Maj.-Gen' WUls, ordered to he 
disbanded, are assembled ia a tuniuiluous manner at or near Rochester, 
in contempt of her Maj'>'* authority, and to the disturbuica of tLo 



API'ENDIX. 



337 



peace of Ler subjects ; you are Lereby (iirected and required forlliwitk 
in mnrcb with a detachment of six hundred men of llie three regiments 
of Foot Guards, and officers proporl I enable, and a detachment of one 
hundred gentlemen of the four troops of Horse Guards, and three- 
score private men of the Horse Grnnadiers, and oAiceTS proportionable, 
(for which you are to apply to the I{< Hon'''' the Earl of Arrno or to 
Lieut. -General Compton ) ; and you are to proceed towards Rochester 
according as you shall receive advice from Colonel Markham of the 
Lord Shannon's regiment, (with whom you are to keep a constant cor- 
respondence,) or olliernise, in order tu suppress and appease the 
■aid mutineers and others that may joyn with them by force of arras, if 
it can not be done otherwise : and in case you shall find a further re- 
inforcement either of foot, horse, orgranadier guards mny be wanting, 
for the performance of this service, you are hereby directed and em- 
powered to send for as many more men of (hose corps as may be 
necessary ; for which purpose the req)eclive officers thereunto be- 
longing are hereby required to observe and follow your orders ; and as 
the speedy execution of thisconitnissioo is of the greatest consequence, 
you are to lose no time in the complying with it. But as in case 
you shall receive advice that the mutineers are returned to their 
obedience, yon are to proceed ns further ; so if you are obliged to 
come to action with them, you are to secure and bring back wilh you 
in safe custody as many prisoners as you shall take. For all which, 
this shall be to yon and to all others concerned a sufficient warrant and 
direction. Given at Windsor, this 2&tix day of December, 1713. 

Ox MONDE. 

By his Grace's command, Hen. Watkins. 
To Henry Withers, Esq. one of the LieuL-Geaerals of her 
Maj'J'* Forces, aad JJeut.- Colonel of the First regt. of 
Foot Guards. 

175. 
" Order for the march of a detacbm' from tbc Isl, 2Bd, and 3rd reg** 

" of Foot Gnards, to attend the Queen at Hampton Court and 

" Windsor." 

Anne R. — Our will and pleasure is, that you cause a detacbm' of 
2M private soldiers, wilh commission and noii-conim° officers propor- 
tionable, of onr Fool Guards, to march to Kingston and the Wick, 
Twittenham, Thistleworth. Hounslow. Hampton, the Molesey's, Dil- 
toaa, Esher, Weybridge, Sunbury. Whitlon, Teddinglon. and Wal- 
ton, in order to attend our Royal Person at Hampton Court ; and 
npOD our removal from thence to Windsor, they are to march to 
Colebrook, Slough, Laogford, Houghton, Burnbam, ITemham, Clu- 
wortb, Iver. Datchet, Maidenhead, Stoke, and Old Windsor, to at- 
tend us a[ Windsor Castle ; and the said detachment is to be relieved 



328 APPENDIX. 

in the said duty by other detachments from London, from time to 
time, and as often as shall be necessary, during our stay at either of 
our said palaces, and afterwards to return to their former* quarters. 
And the officers, &c. Given at Kensingrton, 7th July, 1714, in the 
13th year of our reign. By her Ma'^** command, 

F. GWYN. 

It is her Majesty's pleasure that the detachments of the Guards in 
their march to and from Windsor do quarter at the Brentfords» 
Hounslow, Thistle worth, and Twittenham, as there shall be occasion. 

F. GWYN. 

To the Colonels of our 1st, 2nd, and 3rd reg*" of Foot 
Guards, or the officers-in-chief with the reg** and de- 
tachm** above men**. 

176. 

By the Lords Justices — Harconrt C, W. Ebor., Shrewsbury, Back- 
ingham P., Carlisle, Argyll, Abingdon, Scarborough, Orford» 
Townsend, Halifax. 

We do hereby direct, that yon canse the severall comp* of Grana- 
diers belonging to his Majesty's 1st, 2nd, and 3rd reg^ of ffoot 
Guards, to march to Greenwich and to encamp in the Park there, in 
order to mount the King's guard upon his arrival at Greenwich, and 
to do dnty on his Royal Person during his Majesty's continuance in 
that place ; and you are also to cause the remainder of the said three 
regiments which shall not be upon duty on that day, (to which end 
the detachment now at the Tower will be relieved the day before by 
a detach* of Lient.-Gen" Webb's reg*,) to line the streets from the 
place uhere the militia ends to the Palace at St. James's. And the 
officers, &c. Given at St. James's, 3rd September, 1714. 

By, &c. F. GwYN. 

To the Colonels of the three regiments of Foot Guards, and 
to tlie officcrs-in-c]ii(*f with the several companies of 
Grnnadiers herein above mentioned respectively. 

177. 

George R. — Our will and pleasure is, that you cause a detachment 
to be made of seventy private men, with a commission officer, and 
non-commission officers proportionable, out of our three regiments of 
Foot Guards under your commands, to march to our Tower of Lon- 
don, to relieve the detachment of Lieut.-Generall Webb's' regiment 



» Styled The King's " Own Regiment of Foot," under the command of 
Lieut.-Gen. John Richmond, alias Webb, (tlie present Eighth Foot.) The pr©- 
Kect Fourth Foot also called at this time the King's Own regiment of Foot.. 



APPENDIX. 329 

of Foot now doing duty there, who are thereupon to march out to 
their former quarters ; and you are likewise to cause them to he re- 
lieved from time to time, in such manner as heretofore, when they did 
the whole duty of that garrison, and to follow such orders as they 
shall receive from our Governor, Lieut.-Governor, or officer command- 
ing in chief there, until further order. And the officer is to take care 
that the soldiers hehave themselves civilly and duly pay their land- 
lords ; and all magistrates, justices of the peace, constables, and other 
our officers, are to be assisting unto you as there shall be occasion. 
Given at our Court at St. James's, this 27th day of September, 1714, 
in the first year of our reign. 

By his Maj'y'^ command, Wm. Pulteney. 

To the Colonels of oar three regiments of ffoot Guards, 
and to the officers commanding in chief the said regi- 
ments respectively. 

178. 

George R. — Our will and pleasure is, that you cause the fourteen 
companies of our Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards under your 
command, to be disposed of in quarters as follows ; viz. four com- 
panys in St. Andrew's Holborn, one in the Dufchy Liberty, one in 
St. Sepulchre's Without, one in Clerkenwell, three in Cripplegate, 
one in Whitechappell, two in Bishopsgate Without, and one in Shore- 
ditch, where they are to remain until! further order. And the officers, 
&c. Given at our Court at St. James's, this 12th day of November, 
1714, in the first year of our reign. 

By his Maj*'*' command, Wm. Pulteney, 

To our trusty and welbeloved William Cadog^n, Esq% 
Lieut.-Gencral of our Forces, and Colonel of our Cold- 
stream regiment of fibot Guards ; or to the officer com- 
manding in chief that regiment. 

** Whitehall, 2nd February, 174|. 
** It is his Maj^y'* pleasure, that one of the four comp* now in qnar- 
*' ters in St. Andrew's Holborn, be removed to Spittlefield's Hamlett, 
'' where they are to remain untill further order. 

" Wm. Pulteney." 
" Whitehall, 7th February, 17}}. 
*' It is his Maj^y'* pleasure, that St. Katherine's, East Smithfield, 
'* and Wapping, Stepney, be addeu to the quarters of this regiment. 

*' W"m. Pulteney.*' 
** Whitehall, 10th of August, 1715. 
'* It is his Maj^'* pleasure, that St. Mary-le-bone, Pancrass, and 
St. Mary Islington, be added to the quarters of this regiment, 
** which is now augmented to IScompanys. Wm. Pulteney." 



44 



■ 715, June 10. The Guards nere posted in different parts of Lon- 
don, to preveot persons wearing white roues. 

CutdstreaiD Orderly-roam. 



George R.— Whereas we hnve thonglil (itt to ndd four companies to 
our Culdslreatn regiment of Fool Guards under your command, 
to coniiel of two Serjeants, two corpor^ils, livo drummers, and forty 
private men in ench company (includiog one for widows) ; these 
are to authorize you, by best of drum or otliemise, to raise so maay 
Tolunleers as shall be wanting to complete the said compauies to the 
above numbers. And when you shnll hare listed twenty men fitt for 
service in any of the said companies, you nrc to give notice to two of 
onr justices of the peace of the town or county wherein the same are, 
who are hereby authorized and required to view the said men. and 
cerliGe the day of their so doing, from which day the said twenty men, 
and the comniission and non-commissioned officers of such company, 
are to enter into our pay. And all magistrates, justices of the peace, 
i^oiislablea, and other our of&rerB whom it may concern, are hereby 
reqnired lo be assisting unto you in providing quarters, impressing cnr- 
rioges, and otherwise, us there shall be occasion. Given at onr Court 
at St. James'*, this 23rd day of July. ITIii, in the first year of our 
reign. By his Majesty's 



To our trusty and welbekved William Cadogan, Esq, 
Lieut. -Gen' of our Forces, and Colonel of our Coldstream 
regiment of Foot Guards, or to the officer or officers ap- 
pointed by him to raise volunteers for the said regiment. 

lei. 

Pud the following sums for a drummer's suit and surtout, Su;*. of (he 
Coldstream regiment of his Majesty's Guards.' July, 1717. — 

jE. *. rf. 
Scarlet cloatli for the coat and breeches , . . , 3 7 8 

Blue cloaih for the waistcoat IS 0< 

Blue Genoa velvet to face the sleeves , . . 14 

Gold buttons to the cont 17 

(i 16 6 

' The coloara and clothiiiE of the drummers auil hautbais of the (hn>e regi' 
ments of Gnard* were formerly flupplied (torn the King's wBrdrobe, but in Sep- 
lomber 17lti. J^ 5W eipended far IhHt purpose, wu ■llowed by Wsrtaiit upon 
the Contini^encieB, u set forth in the fullowini; bill :— £. i. d, 

Foi tb« 0>h)iier> Ensign IS t.l 6 

FaiUp«iriifcoloura,Dt^IO. lOi. &f. each pair 1A7 t7 li 

17n 11 n 



APPENDUL 331 

£. f. d. 

Brought forward 6 16 6 

Gold bnttont to the waiitooat and breeches 15 
Gold lace for the coat and waiatcoat, and gold fringe for the 

sash * • • • 26 10 

Bine serge to line the coal and skirts of the waistcoat 14 
Oolix or garlick hoUand to line the body and slecTes of 

the waistcoat and the breeches through • 6 

Embroidering the badges on the breast and back of the coat 4 

Leather for the pocketts 3 

Making the suit 2 10 

Two shirts and two neck cloths • 10 

A pair of hose 046 

A pair of shoes 046 

A pair of gloves 10 

Mantna silk for the sash 15 

A hat with gold lace . 18 

A cockade 026 

Garters 006 

A sword and belt 13 6 

Scarlet cloath for the startont 2 18 6 

Bine cloath for facings and cape 6 

Bine serge to line the snrtont 10 6 

Gold buttons to the coat 17 

Gold lace do 3 

Making the surtout, with small materials . 18 

54 3 
To two drummers' suits and surtouts, &c*. more, the like in 

all particulars as aboTe, at £54 3f. each . 108 6 

Total £162 9 

Paid the following sums for suit, &c^. for a hautbois of the Coldstream 

regiment of his Majesty's Guards. July, 1717. £. #. d. 

Scarlet cloath for the coat and breeches . 3 7 6 

Blue cloath for the waistcoat and facing the coat sleeves • 14 

4 11 6 

£. s. d. 

Brought forward 170 11 

For gildjng with fine gold and painting four Major biases, and 
eight numbera 500 

For clothing of three drum-majora in rich lireries with snrtoot 
coat8at^54.3c.0d. eachliyery 162 9 

For clothing six hautboys at ^30. 6f. 8d. each suit IftS 

590 00 
Report dated 9th November, 1717. War-Office Records. 



33-2 



APPENDIX. 



Brought for 
Blue serge to line the coat and skirts of the waistcoat 
Gold lace for the coat and waistcoat 
Gold buttons (o the waistcoat, breeches, aqd coat ^ 
Gulix or garlick holland to line the body and sleeves of 

the waistcoat and breeches 
Leather for the pockets 
Making the suit 
Two shirts and two neckcloths 
A pair of hose 
A pair of shoes 
A pair of gloves . . 
A hat with gold lace 
A cockade 

Garters .... 
A sword and belt 



£. *. 


d. 


ard 4 11 


G 


14 





16 13 


8 


2 12 

• 





6 





2 





2 3 





1 


O 


4 


6 


4 


6 


1 





18 





2 


6 





6 


13 


6 



£30 6 8 

To five hautbois' suits, &c\ more, tlie like in all particu- 
lars as above, at £30. Gs, ^d. each . . . . 151 13 4 

Total 182 

Brought from the other side 162 9 



This account is true. A. Oughton, Major. 



£344 9 



(S.) Cadogan (Colonel). 

** The like particulars were annexed to the warrants for the cloath- 
** ing of the drums and hautbois of the 1st, 2nd, and *3d regiments of 
** Foot Guards for cloathing for two years, from March, 172J, to 
'* March, 1721." 

[Do. in every particular from 172J to 1784, but in the establishment 
of the regiment for 1785 an allowance of £172. 4*. 6</. per annum for 
the state cloathing of the hautbois and drummers was added to the 
estimates on account of the pay, Sec*, of the Coldstream, which allow- 
ance still continues.] 

182. 
1717. — A party of drummers of the Guards were committed to the 
Marshals^a for beating a point of war before the Earl of Wexford's 
house on his acquittal of charges brought against him. — Coldstream 
Orderly-Rooui. 

183. 
It is hi.<» Majesty's pleasure that when and as often as you shall 
have due notice of a Ball to he held at the Theatre in the Haymarket, 



APPENDIX. 333 

you caase a detachment of one hundred private men, with a captain, 
and other commissioned and non-commissioned officers proportionable, 
to be made from the three regiments of Foot Guards under your 
command respectively, to march and do duty during the conti- 
nuance of the said ball at the said theatre. And they are to take care 
that his Maj''* peace be preserved, and, as far as possible, to prevent 
all rudeness or indecencies as well in words as in actions ; nor 
are they to permit any persons to enter into the said theatre in habits 
that may tend to the drawing down reflections upon religion, or in ri- 
dicule of the same. And for your so doing, this shall be your warrant. 
Given at Whitehall, this 27th day of November, 1718. 

By his Majesty's command, Ro. Pringle. 

To the Colonels of his Maj''* three regiments of Fo6t Guards, 
or to the officer-in-chief with the said regiments and de- 
tach m' respectively. 

184. 
The Contingent Bill of Coll. John Robinson, Major of his^^Majesty's 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, for carriages, fire, and can- 
dle for the Battalion that marched into the West under his com- 
mand. March the 9th, 17 IS. 

Miles. £. s, d. 
For 9 waggons, with 5 horses to each, from London to 

Chippenham in Wiltshire, by the way of Windsor . 82 

Ditto from Chippenham back again to London . 

For 1 waggon with 5 horses from Chippenham to Cors- 
ham, with a company detached there ... 3 

Ditto back again from Corsham to Chippenham . 

For 1 waggon with 5 horses from Chippenham to Lay- 
cock, with a company detached there ... 3 

Ditto back again from Lay cock to Chippenham . 

For fire, candle, and straw for the several guards of 
the said battalion, from the 9th March, 171 J, to the 
9th May, 1719 10 2 6 

For 1 waggon with 5 horses for the ammunition from 

London to Chippenham 4 2 

Ditto back again from Chippenham to London . . 4 2 



36 18 





36 18 





3 





3 





3 





3 






£92 14 6 

John Robinson (Ist Major). 

185. 

It is their Excellencies the Lords Justices* directions that when a 

Quorum of them are together (any four of them being such) the Foot 

Guards, in whatever place or duty, do beat a march, rest their arms, 

and the officers salute them with their half-pikes in the same man- 



334 



APPENDIX. 



ner as when liia Mnjeaty U present in person : but with tliia diSereDce, 
that lh«y do not tbeo drop Iheir colours, or salute any or (hem at anjr 
time wLeo aiiigie. Given at WhitebaJl. this 2Slli day of May, 1719. 
By their Excell'^'" command, Geo. Treby. 

To the Colonels of bis Majesty's throe regiments of pM>t 
Gnards, or to the officers commauding tbose regimeots. 



Extract — " It is the Lords Justices' directions that, upon Dotiee at 
any time from the Lord-mayor or Aldermen of the City of London of 
any riots iu ^he said city, that you send suflkienl detachmeata 
from St. James's end the TiltYard Guards to be aiding and assisting 
to suppress (hem." Dated Whitehall, June 4, 17l!>. 
To the Colonels of his Majesty's three regiments of Foot 

Guards, or to the olEcers commanding those regiments. 
187. 

It is Ibe Lords Justices' directions that yon cause seven entire corn- 
pan ys belonging to bis Majesty's First reg' of Foot Guards under your' 
command, one of which to be grenadiers, to march on Tuesday morn- 
ing next, (according to the roulc annexed) to Portsmouth, where they 
are to pass over to the Isle of Wight, and encHmp there untill their etn- 
bnrkation under the care of the R' Hon'''" tlie Earl of Dunmore, who 
is to have the command of (he three detachm" of the Guards. And in 
case the said companys, before their march, should, by sicLness, de- 
sertion, or otherwise, mint any men of their full complement, then 
you are to compleat them by draughts from the other companys of the 
regim". Wherein, Stc. Givenat Whitehall, this 23rd day of July, 1711*. 

By their Excell'^' command. 
To (he Duke of Marlborough. Geo. Tbebv. 

" A like Order, of the same date, for the march of (he Coldstream 
" regiment of Foot Guards on Wednesday, according to the route an- 

n Comp" of the Coldstream regiment of Foot Gnard* 

from London to Portsmouth ; — 
" To rest the Sundays if it happen on their march ; 
" and in case they find themselves sircightened in 
" the towns thro' which they pass, then to enlarge 
" their (juarters with the adjacent villages. 
" From wheoce (hey are to march, and embark for 
" the Isle of Wight, and encamp there, 
" To the Lord Cadogan. "Geo. Treby." 

A like Order, dated July 30, for the march of seven Comp" of the 
Third Reg' of Foot Guards to Southampton, and (o pass over to the 
Isle of Wight, &c. 

To the Eiirl of Uunmorc. 



" Route for si 

" Kingaton, 
" Dorking, 
" Godalmin, 
" Petersfield, 
" Fareham. 



I 

I 
I 




APPENDIX. 335 

' las. 

The Contingent Bill of Sir Tristram Dillington, Major to bia Majeaty'a 

Coldatream regiment of Foot Guarda* for marching a battalion of tiie 

aaid regiment from London to the lale of Wight. Order dated 23rd 

July, 1719. Miles. £. #. d. 

Fetching of tents, tent poles, pins, mallets, ahorels, 

and pickaxes from the Tower 15 

7 waggons for carrying the baggage of 7 companies 
from London to Kingston ; one for ammunition, and 
one for the quarter-master, adjutant, and surgeon ; 

in all 9 waggons 12 6 8 

Ditto from Kingston to Darking, Godalmin, Peters- 
field, Farebara, and Stokes Bay • 09 31 1 
To the hoys for carrying 415 men from Stokes Bay to 

the Isle of Wight, at 6c£. p. man .... 10 7 6 

For boats to carry men and baggage on board and out 

of the hoys 2 2 

From Cowes to the camp 4 1 16 

To the hoys for carrying baggage, ammunition, and 

surgeon's chest 4 10 

Fire and candle for the guard on their march • • 5 10 

For 80 kettles, at 2«.6c/. each 10 

For 392 flasks for water, at 2t. each 24 10 

For 84 hatchets, at 2t. each 8 8 

Lines for marking the ground in camp • 12 

7 camp colours for the battalion, at 15*. each . • 5 5 

110 14 6 
Deduct in the articles for ketUes, water-flasks, and hatchets 42 18 

£67 16 6 

189. 
One waggon only is allowed to two companies of a marching regi- 
ment, ** but, out of respect to the regiments of Guards,'' one is allowed 
to each company. Dated 14th September, 1719. 

190. 
The Contingent Bill of Sir Tristram Dillington, Major of the Cold- 
stream regiment of Foot Guards, in marching a battalion of the said 
regiment from the camp in the Isle of Wight, on the expedition to 
Yigo, and their return to London. Order dated Nov. 10th, 1719. 

Miles. £. #. d. 
For boats to bring the cheTaux-de-frize on shore at 

Cowes 080 

For a waggon to carry them to the camp • . 4 

£0 12 



336 APPENDIX. 

£. #. d. 

Brought forward 12 

For seven waggons to carry the baggage of seven com- Miles 
panics from the camp to Cowes; one for ammunition, 
and one for the quarter-roaster, adjutant, and sur- 
geon's chest and baggage ; in all 9 waggons . • 4 1 16 

For boats to disembark th^ soldiers from on board the 
transports 1 16 6 

For seven waggons to carry the baggage of seven 
comp"* ; one for the qua''-mast'', adjutant, and sur- 
geon, and one for the sick men, from Gosport to Lon- 
don 81 36 9 

For fire and candle fpr the guard on their march • 5 10 

£46 2 6 

191. 
It is his Majesty's pleasure, that when and as oAen as you shall 
have due notice from Jn** Jas. Heidegger, Esq% of a Ball to be held at 
the King's Theatre in the Haymarket, you cause a detachm' of one 
hundred private' men, with non-commissioned officers proportionable, 
to be made from the three regiments of Foot Guards under your 
commands respectively, and march under the command of a lieutenant- 
colonel, captain, and enSign, to the said theatre, in order to do duty 
there during the continuance of the said ball, and to be aiding and as- 
sisting to the civil magistrates in the preservation of the peace, and 
prevent as much as possible all manner of drunkenness, rudeness, or 
indecencies, as well in words as in actions, by obliging those that are 
guilty of such misbehaviour to quit the place, and not to permit any 
person whatsoever to enter the said theatre in habits that may draw 
reflections upon the Church of England, or ridicule upon the same. 
And for so doing this shall be your warrant. Given at Whitehall, 
this 20th day of November, 1719. By his Maj*^ command, 

Geo. Treby. 

To the Colonel of his Maj^^ three regiments of Foot Guards, 
or the officer-in-chief with the said regiments and detach- 
ment respectively. 

192. 
^* Order for a Detachment of the Foot Guards to do duty at the King's 

** Theatre in the Haymarket, every night an Opera is to be per- 

•* formed there." 

It is his Majesty's pleasure, that when and as often as you shall 
have due notice from the directors of his Theatre in the Haymarket, of 
an Opera to be performed there, you cause a detachm' of forty private 



APPENDIX 



337 



men, and non-commission officers proportionable, to be made from tbe 
three regiments of Foot Guards under your commands respectively, 
and march under the command of a commission officer to the said 
theatre, in order to do duty there from time to time during the conti- 
nuance of the said opera, and to be aiding and assisting to the cirill 
magistrates in the preservation of the peace, and prevent as much as 
possible all manner of disorders that may happen there. Given at 
Whitehall, this 1st day of April, 1720. 

By his Maj^ command, Geo. Treby. 

To the Colonels of his Majesty's three regiments of Foot 
Guards, or to the officer-in-chief with the said regiments 
and detachment respectively. 

Id3. 

A State of his Majesty's Coldstream Reg* of Foot Guards, as they 

appeared on Review, July 19, 1723. 

Field offi** present, 2; capt"*, 8; lieut^, 14; ensigns, 9; seij^, 49; 
corp^, 50 ; drum", 36 ; effective private men, 858 ; men on duty, 40 : 
sick, 41 ; — total, 939: wanting to complete, 15. Absent officers: — the 
It.-col.; I major; 6 capt"*; 6 1*"; 7 ensigns. Memorandum. The above 
mentioned officers were absent either by leave or by sickness. — State- 
Paper Office. 



194. 

Return of the number of Ale-houses, Inns, Coffee-houses, and Brandy- 
shopps, belonging to the Burroughs of Southwark, liable to quarter 
soldiers, with the No. of Soldiers now quartered in each Parish, and 
Surplus Houses.— October 15th, 1723. 



Parishes. 



St. George's 
St. Saviour's 
Christ Church 
Lanibeth 
St. Olave's 
St. Thomas's 
Newington 



N' amber of 
Houses in 
each Parish. 



Number of Sol- - 
diers' Quar- XumberofSur- 
ters in each plus Houses. 



Parish. 



I 






190 


143 


187 


146 


50 


29 


112 


78 


193 


107 


15 


11 


76 


57 


823 


571 



47 
41 

34 

86 

4 

19 



253 



Totall number of Houses . 823 

M of Men quartered . 571 

,, Houses surplus . 252 

Endorsed. — Return of the Coldstream Regiment Quartered in and about the 
Burrough of South wark.^October 15th , 1723. 

State-Paper Office. 



Geoi^ R.— Warrant for rcgulaliog Clothing, dated St. Jamw'fl, 
20th Not. 1729. 
Size of the men for Ihe Foot Guards to be 5 ft. 9 in.; marching reg^ 

6 ft. 8. 

For a foot soldier: — A good fiitl-bodied cloth conl, well lined, 
which mny serve for the waistc' the second year ; n waisti;oaI : a p' of 
good keraey hreecUes ; n p' of good strong shoes ; two good shirts, 
and two good neckcloths ; R good strong hnt, well laced. 

For the second year: — A good clotb coat, well lined, as the first 
year: a waistcoat made of the former year's coat; a pair of new fcersey 
breeches; a pair of good strong stockings: > pair of good strong aho«Si 
a good shirt, and a neckcloth ; a good strong hat, well laced. 

131h Jane. 1735. 
The officers (of the Coldstream) are to appear oa Tuesday next, as 
at a Review, and to have on " twisted ramilyed wigs," according to 
the pattern which may be seen at tlie Tilt Yard to-morrow. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

197. 

leth June, 1735. 
At the review liy Lord Scarborongh to-iDorrow, the men's pouches 
are to bang, as has been already shown them, with the fore-sling 
buckled under the sword-bell, which belt is to be on the outside of the 
coat, buckled tight, their coats pulled down so aa to sit wetl and even, 
their hats lo be well put on, and tbeir hair lucked under, for no man 
will lie suffered to wear a wig unless it is so like a head of hair as not 
to be perceived. Coldstream Orderiy-Room. 

198. 
173A, October 20. The officers lo mount all gnards in their regi- 
mentals and gailers during )iii Majesty's residence in towD, and the 
Serjeants to mount in their regimentals, the Tylt Yard guard as well ma 
the King's. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

199. 
1735. No soldier lo pay nbove five shillings for a shirl, except it be 
rufBed at the bosom, and then sixpence more ; two shillings for a pair 
of gaiters; live shillings fur apair of shoes; one shilling for a gword- 
scabhard ; and sixpence for a bayonet- scabbard. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 



I 



No cenlinel on auy account to quit his 
chair, stone, or seat whatsoever, to be in 



11th April, 1738. 
I, nor suffer any bench, 
Bntry-hox, nor drint or 




smoke on his poat, nor w 
under hu bat, and every tl 



1 nigbt-cap n'beii rentry. bnt his hair 

in good order. 

ColdBtream Orderly -Room. 
3<il. 
1737, July 9. At six o'clock to-morron morning Colonel Pulteney 
will exercise the Kven bntUliona, by Ihe wave of the eoloura aa luual, 
when the Kiogsees Ihem. Tbe officers to appear in their new regi- 
mental clothes, gaiters, square-toed shoes, gorgets, saabes, bufT-L-o- 
loured gloves, regimental laced bats, cockades, llie button worn on (he 
left side, and twisted wigs according to the pattern. Tbe men to ap- 
pear perfecly clean and shaved, square-toed shoes, gaiters, their bats 
well cocked, and worn so low as to cover their foreheads, and raised 
behind, vith their hair tucked well under and powdered, but none on 
their shoulders, the point of their bats poiatiog a little to the left, with 
cockades fixed under the loops as usual, their arms perfectly clean, 
Ihe hilts of tbeir svords and buckles of their accoutrements made as 
bright as possible. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 



1737, July 25th. The officers ordered with the deUchioent of the 
Coldstream to Hampton Court on Mooday ucxl to march in their 
blue frocks, regimental hats and wigs, and witli their divisions, viz'. 
Lieut. -Colonels Parsons, Johnson, Needbam : Captains Iludges, Cor- 
bett, Macro ; Ensigns Lord Robert Manners, Radyard. and Lord Robert 
Bertie. Coldstream Orderly- Room. 

tI03. 
1737, July 30tb. Particular care to be taken that all the men for the 
Hampton Conrt parly on Monday morning have good blue breeches 
on, because their clothes are to be looped up. 

As often as any of tbe Royal Family pass by Ihe encampment with 
guards or beef-eaters, all the men are to turn out between the belli of 
amu, with their swords on, faala well cock'd, &c., with their officers at 
their head, Coldstream Orderly- Room. 

204. 
1737, September 12th. It is bis Majesty's commands, that none of the 
three regiments of Foot Guards take any notice of the Prince or Prin- 
cess of Wales, or any of their family, till further orders. 

Coldstreuu Orderly-Room. 



Order for Mourning for Ber late Majesty. 
1737, Nov, iWth. Every officer is to have a scarlet coat, bnttoned to 
the waist with a mourning button, and faced with black clolh, no but- 
tons on the sleeves or pockets, black cloth waistcoats and breeches, 
plain hats, no less than four inches iu tbe brim, with crape hat-bunds. 



34(1 APPENDIX. 

nn end appearing al tach corner of tbe butloneil aide of llie hat, 
nioiirnitig swords and bucklea ; and to get crape for llicir shhIicb : to 
he nil ready by Sunday se'nni^ht, Ibe 41h of December; and the fol- 
lowing ofGcera niusl not full lo have theirs ready on any accouot wbat- 
Bver: Lieut. -Colon els Legge, Braddoek, Needbam ; Captains Corbett, 
Hilner, Williamson ; Ensigns IJlaohope, Gansell, and Radyard. 
Coldstream Orderly-Hoom. 
20fi. 
Dress of tbe Culdstreatn Guards in tbe year I74'2. 

Hat ;^cocked very low, with white lace round the edge, and ft 
smalt flat black cockade on the left side. Tbe hair very full, aod low 
down on the aide of the face to cover the ear on bolli sides. 

Coat: — scarlet, wilb pale-blue lappels, fastened back nith twelve 
irhile loops and bullous ; likewise one button on the shoulder lo keep 
the lappels back. An edging of while lace round tbe outside of the 
lappels. The coat open down to the bottom of the waist, and (hem 
fastened with three buttons. Tbe skirts of Ihe coal cut large, coming 
round nearly to cover the thigh ; four lace loops on the skirls, nearly 
in front of the thigh, with tbe points facing inivard and outward, with 
four buttons in the middle of lace loops. The skirt turned back with 
pole-blue, edged with wbilc lace, and hooked back. From Ibe point 
al tbe extremity of the akirt, a button and loop of while lace. The 
^«bole length of akirt of coat to reach the knee. The sleeve scarlet, 
with a large pale-blue flap facing inward, and two white lacea roand it. 
and shewing blue between five buttons put on Ibe nleeve outside lh» 
nbite lace, the bnltons being on the scarlet. The sleeves very short, 
and the flap coming nearly up to tbe elbow. 

Waistcoat:^ — scarlet, left open down to tbe waist, with six small 
buttons on the right side, tbe waislcuni cut loug, and square at but- 
torn, shewing nn the thigh when the turnbtick of tbe coat is buttoned 
back. The botlom of the waistcoat edged with white lace. 
. BreRchea :— pale-blue, with white gjiilcra coming above the knee, 
and fastened with a buff strap under the knee with a buckle, and & 
white strap under the shoe. 

Poueb-belt :— buff, worn over the shoulder, yellow buckle, wilh 
black pouch (o bang very long on the right side, nearly on the front 
of the thigh, 

Waisl-belt ; — buff leather, with gill buckle in front, and double 
frog on tbe left side lo carry the sword and bayonet, the frog placed 
forward so as to allow the sword and bayonet to be carried nearly on 
Ibe front i>f Ibe thigh, to correspond wilh the poucb on the olber side. 
A pricker and brush attached to pouch-belt, and banging below the 
waial-belt. Gun-slings of buff. 

The shirt worn full fronted, wilh while Block, shewing no collar. 

(Description is taken from a book of colonred prints containing the 
uniformsof every cavalry and infantry regiment, published 1742.] 



I 



APPENDIX. 341 

207. 
1745, September drd. Tbe meo ordered not to pull off their hati 
when tbey pass an officer, or speak to them, but only to clap up their 
bands to their bats and bow as they pass by. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

208. 

1745, September 9. It is the General's (Foliiott) positive order, 
that no Irishman nor Papist be entertained in any of the four batta- 
lions of Guards. (The other three battalions abroad.) 

Coldstream Orderly- Room. 

200. 

1745, September 21. Instructions to officers recruiting : No 
Scotch, Irish, or vagabond, will be approved of. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

210. 

1745, October 9. When the Venetian Ambassador makes his public 
entry to-morrow at Kensington, the King's guard is to pay him the 
same compliment as his Majesty, both in going and returning from 
Court Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

211. 

1745, October 25th. If the militia are reviewed to-morrow by his 
Majesty, the soldiers of the three regiments of Guards are to behave 
civilly, and not to laugh or make any game of them. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

212. 

It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause two of the seven batta- 
lions belonging to three regiments of Foot Guards under your com- 
mand, in London, to march from hence on Saturday next the 23rd 
instant, according to the route annexed, to Litchfield, there to remain 
until further order. Wherein, &c. Given at the War-Office, this 
21st day of November, 1745. 

By his Majesty's command, Wn. Yonge. 

'To the Field-Officer in Staff waiting for his Majesty's 
three regiments of Foot Guards. 

Route for two battalions belonging to his Majesty's three regiments 
of Foot Guards, from London to Litchfield : — 23rd November, Bamet 

VOL. II. z 



and WheUlonp ; 24tli, St. Albaui : 25tb, Dunstable, liftlt there the 
2eih 1 27tli, Fenny Stratrord and Slony Stratford; 38th, Towcoster ; 
SSth, Daventry, hall there the 30lh: let December, CoTCnIry; Had, 
Coleshilli 3rd, LilcbSeld, there to remain until Turtber order, 

Wm. Yonge. I 

It » his Mnjesty's plentiire that yon cbubc the commission, non- 
commiision officers, and prirale men, belonging- to the two ballalions 
of Foot Guards, ordered to the ramp near Litchlield, remaining in 
London, to iDRrcb Ibrthwilh from hence to LilchGetd, there to join or 
follow the companies to which they belong. Wherein, &c. Giren at 
the War-Office, this 23rd of November, 17W. 

By his Majesty's commnnd. 
In the absence of the Secretary at War, Edw. Lloyd. 
To the Fifcld-Officer in Staff waiting for 

the three regiments of Foot Guards. 

Route of a Detachment belonging to his Majesty's three regimentl'1 
of Foot Guards, from London to LilcbEeld (to halt every fonrib day,J 
tec.)'. — Bamet, St. Albans. Dunstable, Fenny Stratford, Towceste^j 
Daveiitry, Coventry, Colesbill, Litchfield, there to join or follow tb 
regiment. In the absence of the Secretary at War, 

Euw. Lloyd. 

213. 
It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause the first haltalion of the 
Second regiment of Foot Guards under your command in London, to 
march from hence to-morrow morning, being the 23lh instant, accord- 
ing to the route annexed, to Nottingham, there to remain until further 
order. Wherein, &«. Given at the War-Office, this 24th day of J 
November, 1745. By bis Majesty's command, 

In the absence of the Secretary at War, Eniv. Lloyd. 
To the Field-Officer in Staff waiting for his Majesty's 
three regimeuls of Foot Guards 
Route :— 25lh November, Barriet ; 26th, St. Albans : -ZTth, Da»i I 
stable, halt there the 28th : 2»lh, Newport Pagnel i 3l)th, Northainp^ 
ton ; 1st December, Harhorougb, halt there the 2nd : 3rd, Leicester i 
41h, Loughborough ; 5th, Nottingham, there to remain until further 
order. In the absence of the Secretary at War, 

Edw. Lloyd. 

214. 

It is his Majesty's pleasure that, notwithstanding any former order 

to the contrary, you cause the first battalion of the Second regiment of 

Foot Guards, upon their arrival under your command at Northitmp- 




APPENDIX. 343 

ton, to march from thence on Sunday the Ist of Decemher next, ac- 
cording to the route annexed, to Litchfield, there to remain nntil fur- 
ther order. Wherein, &c. Given at the War-Office, this 26th day 
of November, 1745. By his Majesty's command, 

Wm. Yonoe. 

To the Officer commanding in chief the first battalion of 
the Second regiment of Foot Guards, upon their arrival 
at Northampton. 

Route for the first battalion of the Second regiment of Foot Guards 
from Northampton to Litchfield : — Ist December, Daventry, halt there 
the 2Dd ; 3rd, Coventry ; 4th, camp near Litchfield. 

Wm. Yonge. 

215. 
It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause an officer, with a proper 
guard, to escort the baggage belonging to the first battalion of the 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, from London, according to the 
route annexed, to Litchfield, where they are to join or follow the 
battalion. Wherein, &c. Given at the War-Office, this 26th day of 
November, 1745. By his Majesty's command, 

Wm. Yonge. 

To the Field-Officer in Staff waiting for his Migesty's 
three regiments of Foot Guards. 

Route for an officer and the escort with the baggage belonging to 
the first battalion of the Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, from 
London to Litchfield, (to rest every fourth day on their march, if 
there shall be occasion): — Bamet, St. Albans, Dunstable, Stony 
Stratford, Towcester, Daventry, Coventry, Coleshill, Litchfield, there 
to join or follow the battalion. Wm. Yonge. 

216. 
174^, January 12th. It is Colonel Bockland's order, that all officers 
(on whatever guard soever) appear in white gaiters, and stiff-topt 
buff-colour'd gloves. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

217. 
1746, June 24. A guard ordered to mount over the rebel prisoners 
at the Angel Inn, Piccadilly. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

218. 
1746, August 15th. Detachments from the regiments of Guards, 
amounting to 1000 men, to attend the execution of the Earl of Kil- 
marnock and Lord Balmerino, on Monday next 

Coldstream Orderly-Roon. 



344 APPENDIX. 

219. 

Contingent Bill of the second battalion of the Coldstream regiment of 
Foot Guards, on the Expedition under the command of Major- 
General Fuller, for cash expended on account of the said battalion, 
repairing of arms, and to compleat camp necessaries lost and 
damaged in the said Expedition, 1746. 

1746. £. u d. 

Sep. 10. Paid for barges to carry the battalion from Tower 
Wharf to Woolwich, to be embarked on board 

the transports 25 12 6 

Paid for carriage of camp necessaries, &c. to 

Whitehall 14 6 

Paid for hoys for carriage of camp necessaries, &c. 

to Woolwich 

Paid for camp lines at Plymouth 
Oct. 31. Paid for hoys to bring baggage from Deptford to 

Whitehall 

Paid for carriage of baggage to the store-room . 
Paid for a covered barge to bring sick men from 

Deptford 2 5 

Paid for waterage for Serjeant-Major and Quar'- 

Mas<^-Serjeant to attend the commanding officer 19 
Paid for making and mending barrells to put the 
powder and ball, received at Plymouth, and 
made into cartridges by Major- Gen* Fuller's 
order, since opened to preserve . . . 1 16 

For horses to Woolwich and back again, to ex- 
amine the transports, by the Duke's order 12 



4 13 





1 11 


6 


3 3 





16 






£42 12 6 



Oct. Lost and damaged in a storm off Dungeness, October 23rd, viz. : 



To repairing arms .... 

To 104 knapsacks at 2«. 6d each 

To 145 haversacks at \s, each 

To 33 hatchets at 2s. each 

To 126 kettles with baggs at 35. each 

To 711 water-flasks with strings at Is. Qd» each 



7 14 6 

13 

7 5 

3 6 

18 18 

53 6 6 



£146 2 6 
Poundage of this bill 7 13 10 



Charles Russell, 2nd Major. 



£153 16 4 
Wm. Evelyn, Q'-Mast^ 



APPENDIX. 345 

220. 

1746, November 27th. A detachment ordered to attend at the exe- 
cution of the rebels, to-morrow. Coldstream Orderly- Room. 

221. 

I74f, 3rd February. No soldier will be permitted to wear a wig 
after the 25th of March next 

7th June, 1747. Ordered that the officers for the future do always 
mount guard with queue wigs, or their own hair done in the same 
manner. 

21st AugS 1747. Any men who cannot wear their hair, through age 
or infirmity, are to provide themselves with wigs made to turn up like 
the hair, which they are to wear on mounting days. 

Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

222. 

1747, April 7th. A detachment ordered to attend the execution of 
Lord Lovat, on the 0th instant. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

22a 

1747, June 15. All men whose hair is long enough to tuck up under 
their hats, to be done so for the future. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

224. 

1748, 25th May. It is Lord Dunbarton's order, that when a Quo- 
rum of Lords Justices are together, (any four of them being such,) 
the Foot Guards, on whatever duty, are to beat a march, rest their 
arms, and the officers salute with their spontoons, in the same manner 
as if his Majesty was present, with this difference, that the ensigns do 
not drop the colours. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

225. 

1749, February 27. Lord Albemarle orders, that all those men who 
have bad breeches be immediately furnished with red ones, made out 
of the remnants of last clothing. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

226. 
174&, March 10. The men ordered to be provided with brown 
cloth gaiters with black buttons, made in the same manner as the white 
ones. The brown gaiters to be worn only on detachments and out- 
parties. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

227. 
1749, June 27. The officers to wear boots when the men wear 
brown gaiters. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

228. 
1749, July 4. Officers when on duty to wear buff-coloured waist- 
coats and breeches. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 




•229. 
Warrnnl ragiilatiiig ihe Standards, Colours, Clothing, fcc'. and Rank 

or Numberof Regimenli ofCavalry and Infantry. Dated litJuIj, 

1751. 

George R. — Our will Rnd pleasure is, thai the following regulationa 
for the colours, doathiiig, &r', of ourmarching regiments of Foot, and 
for the uniform cloathing of our cavalry, their slandarda, guidoDs, 
banners, &c*, be duly observed and put in execution, at such times as 
tbcHH jiartiuiilara are or shall be fiirnishcd, viz' : 

Regulation for the colours, cloathing, &c', of tlie marching regimenfa 
of Foot. 

No colonel to put his arms, crest, device, or livery, on any part of 
the appointments of the regiment under his command. 

No part of the cloathing or oniameuls of the reglnients to be altered 
after the following regulations are put in execution, but by us, or our 
Caplaia-Geueral's permission. 



The King's, or first colour of every regiment, is to be the great Unioa 
throughout. 

The second colour to be the colour of the faceing of the regiment, 
with the Union in the upper canton ; except those regiments which are 
faced with red or while, whose second colour is to be the red Cross of 
St. George in a white field, and the Union iu Ilie upper canton. 

In the centre of each colour is to be painted or embroidered, in gold 
Roman characters, the number of the ranL of the regiment within a 
wreath of roses and Ibislles, on the same stalk, except those regimenta 
which are allowed to wear any royal devices, or ancient badges, od 
whose colours the rank of the regiment is to be painted touards the 
upper comer. 

The site of the colours, and the length of the pike, to be the same aa 
those of the royal regiments of Foot Guards. 

The cords and tassels of all colours, to be crimson and gold mixed. 



The drummers of all the royal regiments are allowed to wear the 
r nyal livery, viz': red, lined, faced, and lapelled on the breast willi 
I Une, and laced with a royal lace. 

The drummers of all the other regimenta are to be cloalhed with the 
colour of the faceing of their rt^gimenls, lined, faced, and lapelled ou 
the breast with red, nod laced in such manner as the colonel shall think 
fit for distinction sake, the lace however being of the colours of that 
on the soldiers' coats. 

DHENADIERS' CAPS. 

The front of ibe grenadiers' caps to betbe same colour as the faceing 



1 
I 



APPEXDIX. 



347 



orilie regiment, with the King's cypber embroidered, aiiJ crown over 
it ; the little flap to llie red, with tlie White Horse Bed mollo over it. 
' Nee aspera terrent ;' Ibe back part of the cap to be red ; the turn-up 
to be the colour of the front, with the number of the regiment in the 
middle part behind. The royal re^ments. Hud the six old corps, differ 
from the foregoing rule, aa specilied hereafter. 

DRl'HS. 
The front or fore part of the drums to be painted with the rolour of 
the faceing of the regiment, with the King's cypher and crown, and the 
Dumber of the regiment under it. 

Tbe bells of arms to be painted in the same manner. 

The camp colours to be square, and of the colour of the faceing of 
the regiment, with tbe number of the regiment upon them. 

Devices and Badges of the Royal Regiments, and of the 

Six Old Corps. 

FIRST REGIMENT, OR, THE ROYAL ReGIMENT. 

In the centre of their colours, the King's cypher, within the circle 

of St. Aadrew, and crown over it; in the three corners of the second 

colour, the Thistle and Crown. The distinction of the colours of the 

second ba'.talion, is a flaming ray of gold descending from the upper 

corner of each colour ton-ards the centre. 

On the grenadier caps, the same device aa id the centre of the 
colours. White Horse, and the King's motto over it, on the little Bap. 

Tbe dnimt and bells of arms to have the same device painted an 
them, with tbe number or rank of the regitnent under it. 

SECOVO REGIMENT. OB. THE QUEEN's R0Y4L REGIMRNT. 

Id the centre of each coloar. the Queen's cypher on a red ground, 
within the garter, and crown over it ; in the three corners ofthe second 
coloDr, the Lamb, being the ancient badge ofthe regiment. 

On the grenadier caps, the Queen's cypher and crown as iu the 
coloors, White Horse and motto, ' Nee aspera terreul,' on the flap. 

The drums and bells of arns to have the Queen's cypher painted on 
them in the sane msnoer, and the rank of the regiment andcrneath. 



In the centre of their colours, tbe Dragon, being the ancient badge, 
and the Rose and Crown in the three corners of their second colour. 

On tke grenadier caps, the Dragon ; White Horse and King's motto 
on the f ap. 

The <atne badge of the Dragon to be painted on (heir dnuni and 
bells of arms, with the rank of the regiment underoealh. 



lo llie centre of ibeir colonrH Ibe King's c}'pher on a ted ground 
within tlje garler, aad trowu over it : in tlie tbree corners of their se- 
cond coloar the Lion of England, being (liejr ancient badge. 

On the grenailier caps the King's cypher, as on the colours, ani 
crown over it ; While Hurse and motto on the flap. 

The drums nnd bells of arms to ba*e the King's cypher painted m 
IheDi, in the same manner, and the rank of the regiment underneath. 

FIFTH REIilMEKT. 

In the centre of their colours, St. George killing the Dragon, being 
their ancient badge, and in the three corners of their second r^oli 
the Rose nod Crovm. 

On the grenadier caps, St. George killing the Drngon; the White 
Horse and mollo, ' Nee aspera terrent,' over it on the tiap. 

The same badge of St. Geor^ and the Dragon to be painted on thvir 
dmms, and bells of arnis. with the rank of the regiment underneath. 

SIXTH REGIMENT. 

In the centre of their colours, the Antelope, being their ancient 
badge, and in the three corners of their second colour the Rose and 
Crown. 

On the grenadier caps, the Antelope, as in the colonrs; White Ilorte 
and motto on the flap. 

The same badge of the Antelope to be painted on their drams and 
bells of arms, with the rank of the regiment underneath. 

SEVENTH nEGIMEIUT, OH. THE ROV*L FUZ1LIEB5. 

In the centre of their colonrs, the Rose within the Garler and the 
Crown over il ; the White Horse in the corners of the second colour. 

On the grenadier caps, the Rose within the Garter, and Crown, as 
in the colours ; White Horse and motto over it. ' Nee xspera tcncnt, 
on the flap. 

The same device of the Rose within the Garter, and Crown, oa Uieir 
drams and bells of arms, rank ofthe regiment undernealb. 

ETOKTH REUIMENT. OR, THE KIMs's REGIKEKT.. 

In the centre of their colours, the White Horse on a red ground 
within the Garter, and Crown airt il : in the three corners of the se- 
cond colour, the King's cypher and crown. 

On the grenadier cups, the White Horse, as on the colours; tb» 
White Horse and motto, * Nee aspera terreal,' on the flap. 
The same device of the ^Vhitc Horse within the Garter, on tba 
.■ and hells of arms: rank ofthe regiment undemeaih. 
Eir.HTISEMn HElllHENT. OH, THE HniAL IHISK. 

^Ib Ibe centre of Ibeir colour*, the Harp in a blue field, and th* 



APPENDIX. 349 

Crown oyer it, and in the three corners of their second colour, the Lion 
of Nassau, King William the Third's arms. 

On the grenadier caps, the Harp and Crown as on the colours. 
White horse and motto on the flap. 

The Harp and Crown to be painted in the same manner on the 
drums and bells of arms, with the rank of the regiment underneath. 

TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, OR, THE ROYAL NORTH BRITISH FUZl- 

LIERS. 

In the centre of their colours, the Thistle within the circle of St. 
Andrew, and Crown over it ; and in the three corners of the second co- 
lour, the King's cypher and crown. 

On the grenadier caps, the Thistle, as on the colours ; White Horse 
and motto over it, *■ Nee aspera terrent/ on the flap. 

On the drums and bells of arms, the Thistle and Crown to be painted, 
as on the colours, rank of the regiment underneath. 

TWENTY-THIRD, OR, THE ROYAL WELCH FUZILIERS. 

In the centre of their colours, the device of the Prince of Wales, viz*. 
Three Feathers issuing out of the Prince's coronet: in the three corners 
of the second colour, the badges of Edward the Black Prince, viz'. 
Rising Sun, Red Dragon, and the Three Feathers in the coronet ; 
motto, 'Ichdien.' 

On the grenadier caps, the Feathers as in the colours. White Horse 
and motto, ' Nee aspera terrent,' on the flap. 

The same badge of the Three Feathers and motto, ' Ich dien,' on the 
drums and bells of arms ; rank of the regiment underneath. 

TWENTY-SEVENTH, OR, THE INMSKILLING REGIMENT. 

Allowed to wear in the centre of their colours a Castle with three 
Turretts, St. George's colours flying, in a blue field, and the name ' In- 
niskilling' over it. 

On the grenadier caps, the Castle and name, as on the colours: 
White Horse and King's motto on the flap. 

The same badge of the Castle and name on the drums and bells of 
arms, rank of the regiment underneath. 

FORTY-FIRST REGIMENT, OR, THE INVALIDS. 

In the centre of their colours, the Rose and Thistle on a red ground 
within the Garter, and Crown over it: in the three corners of the 
second colour the King's cypher and crown. 

On the grenadier caps, drums and bells of arms, the same device of 
the Rose and Thistle conjoined, within the Garter, and Crown, as on 
the colours. 

HIGHLAND REGIMENT. 

The grenadiers of the Highland regiment are allowed to wear bear- 
skin fur caps, with the King*s cypher and crown over it, on a red 
ground, in the turn-up or flap. 



350 



APPENDIX. 



GENERAL VIEW OF THE FACEINGS OF THE SEVERAL 
MARCHING REGIMENTS OF FOOT. 



Colour of 
the Fa- 
cings. 



Blue 



Green 



Buff 



White 

Red 
Orange 



Yellow 



Rank and Title of the 
Regiments. 



Distinctions 

in the same 

colour. 



Red with 
Blue 
Coats 



1st, or the Royal Regiment . 

4th, or the King's Own Regt. 

7th, or the Royal Fuziliers . 

8th, or the King's Regiment 
18th, or the Royal Irish 
21st or the Royal North Bri- 1 
tish Fuziliers . . . j 
23rd, or the Royal Welch 1 
Fuziliers . . . ./ 
41st, or the Invalids 

2nd, or the Queen's R^ Reg* 

5th Regiment 
11th Regiment 
19th Regiment 

24th Regt. (lined with white) 
36th Regiment 
39th Regiment • 
45th Regiment 
49th Regiment 

3rd Regiment, or the Bufis 
14th Regiment . • 
22nd Regiment 
27th, or the Inniskilling Regt, 
31 St Regiment 
40th Regiment 
42nd Regiment 
48th Regiment 
'17th Regiment 
32nd Regiment 
I 43rd Regiment 
t47th Regiment 
33rd Regt. (white lining) 
35ch Regiment 

6th Regiment 

9th Regiment 
10th Regiment 
12th Regiment 
13th Regiment . • 
15th Regiment 
16th Regiment 
20th Regiment 
25th Regiment 
26th Regiment 
28th Regiment 
29th Regiment 
30th Regiment 
34th Regiment 
37th Regiment 
38th Regiment 
44th Regiment 
46th Regiment 



* Royal Regiment of Artillery . 



Sea green 
Gosling green 

Full green 
Yellowish gr". 
Willow green 



Deep green 
Full green 



Pale buff 



Greyish white 



Deep yellow 

. • • 
Bright yellow 

• • • 

Fhilemot yelwr. 



Pale yellow 
Deep yellow 
Pale yellow 
Bright yellow 
. • • 
Pale yellow 
Bright yellow 



Names of the 
present Colonels. 

Lieut.-Gen. St. Clair 
Col. Rich 
Col. Mostyn 
Lieut-Gen. Wolfe 
Col. Folliot 

Lieut.-Gen. Campbell 

Lieut.-Gen. Huake 

Col. Wardour 
Major-Gen. Fowke 
Lieut>.-Gen. Irvine 
Col. Bockland 
, Col. Lord G. Beauclerk 
Col. Eari of Ancram 
Col. Lord R. Manners 
Brigadier Richbell 
Col. Warburton 
Col. Trelawny 
Col. Howard 
Col. Herbert 
Brigadier O'Farrell 
Lieut.-Gen. Blakeney 
Col. Holmes 
Col. Cornwallis 
Col. Lord John Murray 
Col. Earl of Home 
Lieut.-Gen. Wynyard 
Col. Leighton 
Col. Kennedy 
Col. Lascelles 
Lieut.-Gen. Johnson 
Lieut.-Gen. Otway 
Lieut.-Gen. Guise 
Col. Waldegrave 
Col. Pole 

Lieut.-Gen. Skelton 
Lieut. -Gen. Pulteney 
Col. Jordan 
Lieut.-Gen. Handasyde 
Col. Lord Visct. Bury 
Col. Earl of Panmure 
Lieut.-Gen. Anstruther 
Lieut.-Gen. Bragg 
Col. Hopson 
Col. Earl of Loudon 
Col. Conway 
Col. Dejean 
Col. Duroure 
Col.SirP.Halket,B»rt, 
Col. Murray 

Col. Belford 



ABSTRACT OP THE PORECOIXC. 

With Blae, 8 regiments ; Green, 9 regiments ; Buff, 8 regiments ; Yellow, 
18 regiments ; White, 4 regiments ; Red, 1 regiment; Orange, 1 regiment; 
Blue with Red, 1 regiment ;— In all 50 regiments. 



APPENDIX. 351 

RegnlatioD for the oiiifonn cloathing^ of tke caralry, their stmodardsv 
guidoDS, banners, housings, and holster-caps, drums, bells of arms, 
and f:amp colours. 

STANDARDS AND GCIDONS. 

The standards and guidons of the Ihmgoon Guards, and the standards 
of the regiments of Horse, to be of damask, embroidered and fringed 
with gold or silver ; the guidons of the regiments of Dragoons to be of 
silk, the tassels and cords of the whole to be of crimson-silk and gold 
mixed ; the size of the guidons and standards, and the length of the 
lance, to be the same as those of the Horse and Horse Grenadier Guards. 

The King's or first standard, or guidon of each regiment, to be 
crimson with the Rose and Thistle conjoined, and Crown orer them ; 
in the centre, his Migesty's motto ; * Dieu et mon Droit,' under- 
neath; the White Horse in a compartment, in the first and fourth 
corner ; and the rank of the regiment, in gold or siWer characters, on 
a ground of the same colour as the faceing of the regiment, in a com- 
partment in the second and third comers. 

The second and third standard, or gdidon of each corps, to be of the 
colour of the iaceing of the regiment, with the badge of the regiment 
in the centre, or the rank of the regiment in gold or silver Roman 
characters, on a crimson ground, within a wreath of Roses and Thistles 
on the same stalk, the motto of the regiment underneath ; the White 
Horse on a red ground to be in the first and fourth compartments, and 
the Rose and Thistle coigoined upon a red ground in the second and 
third compartments. 

The distinction of the third standard or guidon, to be a figure 3, on 
a circular ground of red, underneath the motto. 

Those corps which have any particular badge, are to carry it in the 
centre of their second and third standard or guidon, with the rank 
of the regiment on a red ground, within a small wreath of Roses and 
Thistles, in the second and third corners. 

BANNERS. 

The banners of the kettle drums and trumpets to be the colour of the 
faceing of the regiment with the badge of the regiment, or its rank, in 
the centre of the banner of the kettle drums, as on the second stan- 
dard ; the King's cypher and crown to be on the banners of the trum- 
pets, with the rank of the regiment in figures underneath. 

DRUMS. 

The drums of the Dragoon Guards and Dragoons to be of brass, the 
front or forepart to be painted with the colour of the facing of the 
regiment, upon which is to be the badge or rank of the regiment, as in 
the second guidon. 

BELLS OP ARMS. 

The bells of arms to be painted in the same manner as on the drums. 

CAMP COLOURS. 

The camp colovn to be of the colour of the faceing of the regiment, 
with the rank of the regiment in the centre; those of the Horse to be square, 
and those of the Dragoon Guards, or Dragoons, to be swallow-tailed. 



The coaUofthe Dragoon Gunrds to be lapellcd ti 
tbe colour onheregimeiil, mid lined with the samecolc 
turned up with tlie colonr of the Inpell. 

The conts of the Uorae to be liipelled to the bottom nith the coloM 
of the regiment, and lined will) tbe same colour (except tbe fourth n 
giraenl of Horse, whose facings Dre black, and the lining buff colour)^ 
small square cuffs of the colour of the lapell. 

The coats of tbe Dragoons to be without lapells, douhle-breastedii 
slit sleeves, turned up with the colour of tbe facings of the regimettts 
tbe liuing of the same colour. 

Tbe whole to have long pockets ; the button-holes to be of a very "J 
narrow yellow or white lace, as hereafter specified, and set on two and 
two, or three and three, for distinction sate: tbe shoulder-knots of the 
dragoon regiments to be of yellow or white worsted, and worn on tbe 
right shoulder. The waistcoats and breeches to be of the coloi 
the facings, except those of the fourth Tegimeul of Horse, which Wt^ 
buff colour. 

gooD Guards and Dragoons to be distin'fl 
r silver lace on the lapells, turn-up of thff J 
> have gold or silver shoulder- knots : the I 
rrow gold or silver lace on the lapells, cofis^ < 
r-strapa : the corporals of Dragoon Guards and ■ 
1 silver or gold lace on the turn-up of the sleeves J 



The serjeanU of tbe Drn 
guisbed by n narrow gold o 
sleeves and pockets, and ti 
corporals of Horse, by a 
pockets, and shoulder 
Dragoons by a 



and shouliier-atrap, and to have yellow or white silk shoulder-knots. ' 

The kettle drummers, trumpetters, drummers and baulbois coals to J 
be of the colour of tbe facing of the regiment, lined and turned v 
with red, (except the royal regiments, which are allowed to wear th*l 
royal livery, viz. red, lined, and turned up with blue, blue waist- ,^ 
coats and breeches,) and laced with the same coloured lace as that o 
tbe housings and holster caps, red waistcoats and breeches. The 
drammera and bautbois of the Dragoon Guards, and the kettle dmn- 
mers, and trumpetters of the Horse to have long hanging sleeves, 
fastened at the waist. J 

The caps of the drummers to be such as those of the Infantry, wi^fl 
the tassel banging behind ; the front to be of the colour of their face-^ 
ing. with the particular badge of the regiment embroidered on it, or « 
trophy of guidons and drums ; the little Hap to be red, with theWbite 
Horse and motto over it — ' Nee aspera terrent ;' tbe back part of the 
cap to be red likewise ; the turn-up to be tbe colour of tbe front ; 
and in the middle part of it behind, a dmm, and tbe rank of t 
regiment. 






! hats to bp laced with gold or silver h 




APPENDIX. 353 

The Royal North British Dragoons only, to wear caps instead of 
hats, which caps are to be of the same form as those of the Horse 
Grenadier Guards ; the front blue, with the same badge as on the 
second guidon of the regiment ; the flap red, with the White Horse and 
motto OTer it — ' Nee aspera terrent ;' the back part to be red, and the 
turn-up blue, with a Thistle embroidered between the letters ii. D., 
being the rank of the regiment. The watering or forage-caps of the 
Cavalry to be red, turned up with the colour of the facing, and the 
rank of the regiment on the little flap. 

CLOAKS. 

The cloaks to be red, lined as the coats, and the buttons set on at 
top, in the same manner, upon frogs, or loops of the same colours as 
the lace on the housings, the capes to be the colour of the facings. 

HOUSINGS AND HOLSTER CAPS. 

The housings and holster caps to be of the colour of the facing of the 
regiment, (except the First Regiment or King's Dragoon Guards, and the 
Royal Dragoons, whose housings are red, and the Fourth regiment of 
Horse, whose housings are bufl* colour,) layd with one broad white or 
yellow worsted, or mohair lace, with a stripe in the middle of one-third 
of the whole breadth, as hereafter specified. The rank of the regi- 
ment to be embroidered on the housings upon a red ground, within a 
wreath of roses and thistles, or the particular badge of the regiment* 
as on the second guidon or standard: the Kingfs cypher with the 
Crown orer it to be embroidered on the holster caps, and under the 
cypher the number or rank of the regiment. 

UNIFORM OF THE OFFICERS, &C*. 

The clothing or uniform of the officers, to be made up in the same 
manner as those of the men, laced, lapelled, and turned up with the 
colour of the facing, and a narrow gold or silver lace or embroidery to 
the binding and button-holes, the buttons being set on in the same 
manner as on the men's coats ; the waistcoats and breeches being like- 
wise of the same colour as those of the men. 

The housings and (holster) caps of the officers to be of the colour of 
the facing of the regiment, laced with one gold or silver lace, and a 
stripe of velvet in the middle, of the colour of that on the men's. 

The standard belts to be the colour of the facing of the regiment, and 
laced as the housings. 

Their sashes to be of crimson silk, and worn over the left shoulder. 

Their sword-knots to be crimson and gold in stripes, as those of the 
Infantry- 

QUARTER-MASTERS. 

The Quarter- Masters to wear crimson sashes round ther waists. 

SERJEANTS. 

The Serjeants to wear poaches as the men do, and a worsted sash 
about their waist, of the colour of the facing of the regiment and of the 
stripes on the lace of the housings. 



^^KM APPENDIX. 


^V GENERAL VIEW OF THE DIFFERENCES AND DISTINCTM 


^V DRUMMERS' CLOATUING, HOI 




Btilmtnli. 






Cnlo=r 0( Ihc 


flilHuiiiinlt 


Cirfonr i.r 
DrcMbn 


LmV 


C„[»r. F.elM. 
■■Ill Llii>i.iE of llir 


tatU A 


UokHUi tKlkil 




Reginienlorl 
Drag". Gdi.J 


fblue, withl 
i half la- I 
L pells J 


{?S)"- 


gold 


red with blue 


blue 


{« 




iHt Bona 


{Cuir}'{":;;"r«}|'«>«->- 


,iWer 


pale blue w. red 


red 


r-hila.wia 
1 r«d atrip* 


^Mviat 


Ut or Royal 1 
UrxgooDi ; 


(rc^S;}'{/:ri};"- 


gold 


™d with blue 


blue 


royal laee 


Jod or Rojal 1 
tiib DnigD*, J 


ditto ditto 


{SI 


blue 


none 


red with blue 


blue 


royal lace 




Srd or King's! 
Own Reg-, i 
ot'DmeoongJ 


tight blue, ditto 


{^-i) 


Cifi.'} 


iOld 


red with blue 


blue 


royal Uce 




Irish Do.. 1 


blue, ditto 


USil 


blue 


aiWer 


red with bloe 


blue 


royal lite 




3rd Reg<. of 

HqMe,orll>o 
Cnrabineera , 


rpale yel- 
low. Im- 
pelled 


(Sift) 


{Kl:i 


«lver 


{'SCd") 


ted 


f white. wiH 
{ redauip. 




Sth. or the 

Drflsooin J 
Bth Segt. ofl 
Dragoaos 1 


full yel- 
low, with. 
Uut lapelU 


r while- 1 
Isandsl 


{,':li) 


siWer 


mtr) 


red 


/ white, wi4 
I blue atrip* 


Yel- 
low 


; allow, ditto 


(■white. 1 
l3and3/ 


sellow 


silver 


yellowwith rei 


red 


r while, witfc 
i yellow strip 




lOthRegi. ofl 


{"KdS} 


m 


{',35} 


silver 


/ deep yell*. 1 
{ wi5,red } 


red 


/white, with 
I greeii strip 




14th Re?i. ofl 


{'■r?dS;} 


{jSi} 


{a 


silver 


J lemon col'. 1 
( wilhr^d i 


red 


{3^ 




id,or(jueen's 
Reg., of D". 
Guards 


rbuff coKi 
i with balft 
L lapelU J 


{&] 


{S} 


gold 


red with blue 


blue 


{,S."jMi 


Buff 
end 


llh Reg>. of 


black, lapelled 


r yell-.i 
(a audi) 


(Si 


gold 


rbuff colr.i 
1 with red / 


rod 


r white, witk 
(white, will 


Bluk 


Stt Regi. ofl 


J buff col'.l 


r while. 1 


/buff 1 




/buff cul'.l 


red 




Dn.™n. ) 
lllh Reg-, ofl 
DmEoooB / 


Iwi. lapoUs; 


2»udal 


tcol'.} 




t with red ; 


{ bluestriM 
r white. wi4 
I green strip 




buff colour, do. {,"^^3} 


/buff 1 
icol'.l 


silver 


/buff col'.l 
i w.thrad 1 


red 




|3rd Reg-, ofl 
D=. Gda. ; 


rwbiio.wiibi 
Ualflapells/ 


{/aC.} 


while 


sold 


white with red 


red 


f yellow, w. 
\ red sinpa 


While 


rth, or the-] 
Queen's R'. I 
ofDrsgoonsJ 


fwbite.wilb-l 
{ oullapells) 


{Jil^^i} 


white 


.il.er 


red with blue 


blue 


{iP 




mh Reg., ofl 
Dragoons | 


ditto, ditto 


f while. 1 

Isauda! 


white 


atlver 


white with red 


red 


r yellow, w. 
I green strip 




!nri Reg', ofi 


/ foil green, 1 


C yell-. 1 


f full 1 


gold 


/full green 1 


red 


/white, with 
\ redatripa 




Horae" | 


{ lapolled i 




{grn.} 


1 wilhred / 


Groea 


IM, R«gi. of. 
Dragoons / 
13ihReBi.ofl 


{Turcti 


r while. 1 
(a^ndil 


sreen 


silver 


green wilh red 


red 


/ white, fL-ith 
t blue atrip, 
r white, with 
L yellow strip 




I tigbtgreen, 1 


f yell-. 1 


flight) 


gold 


/light green 1 


red 




Drugoun. ) 


1 ditto i 


l3nud3f 


. sr-. / 


i with red ! 


^^ Giyen at Our Court at KenainBlon, this Ht Atj of ijftJ 



E SEVERAL CORPS OP CAVALEY, IN THE CLOATHING. 




•URE, AXD STANDARDS. 




H«.li>p«»]ll.A.l.r C>p. 




[ 


C-luorof 








Honnoathc 


flol«n u( iht Lice iKlti oi Drvin «^ 


ita^M>Di1 




ISEi 


BadRor DcvlcroD 


S«l>Bd IHl 




li,tH.-l.i..|pIBd 




.a IbrThm 


ht' S«i«d (Hi Thlrri 


Third 


U<4.». Cpt 


H oilier Cipi. 


I^Tl.™. 




Guid^I." 




Gakkn. 


rDT>lL>ae 


1 the Gurler f 

I and Crown J 


hlne 


sold 


gold 


I Garter J 




/while 4 red) 


f Rank of Lie I'/P"'" I 


fgoldflL-l 


fgoidii 


r Rank of the 1 


I itripB ; 


t Regiment i. h. / 


I blue / 


I ail.er i 


i ail.er | 


I Regiment i. n. J 




roidUca 


Creal of £ng- 
. Jjind within the 


blae 


gold 


gold 


Crest of EOK- 

laod within the ■ 

Garter 




lonllu* 


Thiitle within 

■ ll-etireleofSt. 

Andrew 


bloe 


{^tJ^} 


rgoldij 


Thialle within 

ibeoirileofSt, ■ 

Andrew 


r Nemo me 
I IweMit 


CO^lKS 


White tlorae 
i witliin the 
L Garter J 


/light! 
1 blue 1 


gold 


gold 


While Horae "l 

within the \ 
L Garter J 


J pere ter- 


roT>l 1KB 


Hup and Crown 


blue 


fgold&l 
1 aiWei ; 


rgpldfiLi 
1 ailver / 


Harp and Crown 




/ white & red l 


f Rank of the 1 


rpalei 


gold 


gold 


r Rank of the i 




1 Wipe ; 


i Reg.. III. H, 1 


{?el-l 


t Regiment 1,1 H.) 




t blue «ripe 1 


fCHalleoflnnia-'t , r ii , 


>ilrer 


railrer 1 
t&hl«el 


rCaitle of In-l 
I niakiUing / 




r white uid 1 


r Rank of the 1 


yellow 




railrer 1 


1 Rank of the 1 




IjeUoWBlnpeJll Reg', v.ii. u. / 


ulver 


l&yel-.; 


{ Regt.v„.. o. 1 




; white «.d 1 


/ Rank of the 1 


&] 


iUrer 


f9i]*r&l 


/ Rank of the 1 




l green atnpe / 


\ Reg'. .. p. 1 


( green 1 


(Resiiflenlx.n.i 




I alnpe J 


r Rankoftho 1 
1 Reg'., .v. p. 1 


&} 


.ilver 


rs'} 


{ ■.".■.?:!.•!■:.) 




roral lace 


r Q..ee„-a Cy- 1 
i pherwitLm ^ 
I the Carter J 


{'X} 


gold 


,M 


L the Garter J 




f while and 1 
t black stripe! 


r Rank of the 1 
i liee-.iv.H. 1 


black 


gold 


[isi] 


{ Kl".'. } 




f while and If fiaokofthe i rbntTl 
1 blueatripe i\\ Reg-, ix. D. 1 ieoi'.i 


ailror 


iSs.] 


/ Rank of (he i 
t Reg.. 1>.D. 1 




f wyteaiid If R«nkoftbe 1 , f huff 1 
I green .tripe ;, I ReE'. <i, n. /lUol'./ 


Mirer 


railrrijif Rankoflbe 1 
1 green J 1 Regi. xi. r. / 




r jrellow find 1 ■ f Ri.nk of the 1 .. ., 
I led stripe i 1 1 Regt. i.,. r, o./ l"""" 


rgoid&i 
I lilrer / 


tgoldii./ Runkofthe 1 
iailTor J,{Regi.ii..D.G./ 




■.p.i,„. 


f QKBcn-a Cy. l ' 

■^ pher within ^ 'while 

l the Garter J. 


gold 


gold W pherwithi \\ . . . 
1 L the Garter J 


f ye]lo--»nd i 


t R:mkofthe 1 ..,„ 


silver 


raiWr&i r Renkofthe 1 


I green stripe / 


( Reg'.M,.n. I"'"'' 


{green) { Reg.. x.t.B. }| .•.■.■_ 


r white and 1 
I red Mtipa / 


r Rank of the 1 ' f full 1 
{ Res-....H. iilgr.. 1 


sold 


gold 


r Rwikofthe llJltri'Pf 
{ Regiment ... H. lir"'"" 


r white «Dd I 

i bke .tripe 1 


f Rank of the 1 ^„g„ 


lilrer 


{^'hZe} 


r Rank of the 1 

{ Reg.. IV. n, } 




( whileniid 1 r Rankuftho i fliKhti 
iToUowatripe/ 1 Reg', nil. n. i 1 gr". J 


«lrer 


&.] 


r Rank of the 1 
i Reg., xt.i. n. ) 





vaoti-fifth jMT of Odt Reign. 



356 



APPENDIX. 



230. 
1754, November 7. After Midsuminer, the drum-majors' clothes 
shall belong to the regiment, and no drum-major hereafter to pay for 
them. Coldstream Orderly-Room. 

231. 
It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause the 1st battalion of the 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, under your command, to march 
from their present quarters in two di\nsions, according to the routes ' 
annexed, to the Isle of Wight, where they are to encamp and remain 
until further order. Wherein, &c*. Given at the War-Office, this 
I5thday of April, 1758. By his Majesty's command, 

Barrington. 

To the R' Hon"* Lieut.-Gen* Lord Tyrawley, or officer 
commanding the Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards. 

Route for the 1st division of the First battalion of the Coldstream 
regiment of Foot Guards, consisting of four companies, viz. : — 



Monday 
Tuesday 
Wednesday 
Thursday . 
Friday . . 
Saturday . 
Sunday . . 
Monday 



May 15th, Esher and Cobham. 
16th, Godalmin. 
17th, Midhurst. 
18th, Halt. 
19th, Chichester. 
20th, Portsmouth. 
2l8t, Halt. 

22d, Encamp in the Isle of Wight. 

Barrington. 



»» 



>» 



»f 



>> 



»» 



>> 



f* 



Route for the 2nd division of the First battalion of the Coldstream 
regiment of Foot Guards, consisting of five companies, viz.: — 



Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday . 

Saturday 

Sunday . 

Monday 



May 16th, Kingston. 
17tb, Guilford. 
I8th, Halt. 
19th, Petersfield. 
20th, Portsmouth. 
21st, Halt. 

22d, Encamp in the Isle of Wight. 

Barrington. 

232. 

It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause the first battalion of the 

First regiment of Foot Guards, under your command, to march on 

Tuesday next, the 9th instant, according to the route annexed, to the 

Isle of Wight, where they are to encamp, and remain until further 



>» 



»> 



t» 



>» 



»» 



»» 



' Cancelled bv Route, dated 6th ]May ITaB. 



APPENDIX. 357 

order. Wherein the civil Magistrates, and all others concerned, are 
to be assisting in providing quarters, impressing carriages, and other- 
wise, as there shall be occasion. Given at the War-Office, this 6th day 
of May, 1758. By his Majesty^s command, 

Barrington. 

To the officer commanding the First 
regiment of Foot Ouards. 

Route for the first battalion of the First regiment of Foot Guards : — 
Tuesday . . May 9th, Esher Common. 

10th, Ripley Common. 
11th, Godalmin Common. 
12th, Petersfield Common. 
13th, South Sea Common, near Portsmouth. 
14th, Halt. 
15th, Embark and encamp in the Isle of Wight. 



Wednesday 
Thursday 
Friday . 
Saturday 
Sunday . 
Monday . 



»» 

>» 
»» 



To encamp each night on their march. 

Like orders and routes of the same date, to Lieutenant- General 
Lord Tyrawley, or officer commanding the Coldstream regiment of 
Foot Guards. 

And to Lieut'-General the Earl of Rothes, or officer commanding the 
Third regiment of Foot Guards. 



233. 

It is his Majesty's pleasure, that you cause the 1st battalion of the 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, under your command, to march 
immediately, according to the route annexed, in two divisions, to Lon- 
don, where they will receive orders for their being quartered. 
Wherein, &c. Given at the War-Office, this 8th day of October, 
1758. By his Majesty's command, 

Barrington. 

To Major-General Boscawen, or officer commanding 
the forces in the Isle of Wight. 

Route for the first battalion of the Coldstream regiment of Foot 

Guards from the Isle of Wight : — 

Portsmouth, The second division to march the day after 

Petersfield, the first, to halt the Sunday, and one other 

Godalmin, day that shall be found necessary. 

Ripley and Cobham, 

Kingston, 

London. Barrington. 

VOL. II. 2 A 



I 



APPENDIX. 



The Conlingenl Bill of the Isl baltalion of the ColdatreHin re^ment 
of Foot Gourds on service, from 9th Hay, 1758, lo 20lh October 
following: — 

£. /. t 
To 18 waggons to Portsmouth, 74 miles, at It. p. mile . 66 12 
To 18 do- from the cnmp at South Sea Commoo to place 

of embarkation for Isle of Wight, at 3». 6d. p. waggon , 3 .t 
Paid for water at South Sea Common for Ihe battalion . 1 I 
To 18 waggons from the camp at Newport to Cowes, with 

the first expedition that went out. at 6(. p. wa^on, 

beiog 6 miles 4 10 

To do. from Cones to Newport at the return of that 

expedition 4 10 

To do. from Newport to Cowes with second expedition , 4 10 
To do. from Cowes to Newport at the return of that 

expedition . . . • ■ . . 4 10 

To do. from Newport camp to Cowes, with the battalion 

returning to London 4 tO ^1 

To 18 wagons from Portsmouth to Iiondon, being 74 

miles efi 12 

To 1 do. to bring up the Major of Brigade's baggage, and 

18 sick and wounded men of 1st reg' of Foot Guards, 

who were left at the Isle of Wight, and came up with the 

Coldstream regiment .1 14 

To 3 waggons to bring up sick of Coldstream battalion , 7 B 

To guard-rooms and straw 2 6 

To cash paid Ensign Sbutz, who was left behind at the Isle 

of Wight to take care of the sick in the hospital, for 

carriages to briiig up the said sick . . . 7 10 



181 4 



L 



An AceooDt of LoMes •utained b; cammiHioned officen and priraie 
nra belongiog to the Irt battalioti or the Colditream regunent of 
Fool Guards, npoo the expeditioD to tbe coait of France, in tbe 
aamiMC of 1708, U per return awora h> bjr the camnuuKliDg officer, 
CoIomI Julius Ca-sar. 



£. 1. i. £. *. d. 

4 0ff><honMatl5 0«>cheo 

t Hita . . „ S ., 6 

4 SuhM .... 3 S „ It 12 
3 GorgcU . „ 10 € ., 1 11 6 

5 Fnaili . . „ 6 6 „ 13 IS 
■ „ 10 6 „ t I 
, „ t IS « „ S 5 



i;oiu . ., 


4 4 




Cap. . . 


1 1 


. 


WuMcoati 


1 1 


, 


Bieecbei . 


10 


, 


Shirt. . . 


7 


, 


SboM . . 


5 


6 , 


Brown gt- 






tan . ., 


S 


8 , 


SadiM. . 


10 


, 


Hanin ., 


1 10 


, 


Svorda . , 


1 10 


. 


Belt, to do.. 


10 


, 



1 10 
to 10 
3 



£.t. 


d. 


J-.M. i. 


40 Com. . ..(is 


6eMh45 


3 Hacta . ... 10 


, 


1 10 


TSCap. . .,,0 7 


. 


IS 11 


4IW^atca.U.. 7 


. 


14 7 


lOBmebea .,0 5 


. 




458hirt« . ... 5 


6 , 


IS 7 6 


3* Shoe. .... 5 





8 10 


3r Stocking. „ 8 




41« 6 


653 Brown R.- 






ter. . ... « 


B . 


87 1 4 


«8 Hugara ... 5 


t . 


7 4 B 


65Swgnl. ... 5 




US u to 


65Shoiild«[. 






belt. . ... 11 


. 


3515 


69Wai>tlMilti„ 4 


6 , 


U 10 6 


MPoQeiiei«tM.&» 


9 . 


7 7 



wd.. and 


£.: 


d. 


£. >. d. 


pin. . . .at « 10 


Oe»h«7 10 




. 1 


. 


T 9 


149U.toh.t.. 


9 


. 


14 IS 




i 


e , 


87 17 6 


7<»H.Ter«ck. 


1 


. 


35 3 


r03 Canteen. . 


1 




53 14 6 


nCa»f «►- 








lour.. . 


015 


, 


B 5 


9 Powder- 








bag. . . 


7 


. 


3 3 


141 Shoulder- 








belw. . 


11 


. 


77 11 


4«Poncb..& 








boie. . 


e 


, 


11 It 


118Wu.d>elU 


4 


6 . 


|I6 1 


96 Sling.. . 


1 


9 . 


4 18 


101 Pouch- 








boze. . 





6 . 


t 10 « 

eot ifiio 


Pooad.ge ud fees 57 4 6 



Thos. Fisubr, Agent. 



t Should be £W. Itf. Od. 



175!>, January 32iii). Tlie brown filers to be immedjnlely Llark- 
ened, and lops put on them. — Culdslrf am Orderly-Uoom. 

237. 

It ia bis Majesty's pleasure that you vausi; tbe second bnttaliona of 
Ihe three regiments oT Foot Guards, under your i^otnmand, lo march nt 
snch times, and lo sui'li place or places, as you sball think most cou- 
venietil for thuir embarkation for Gurmany. Wberein, Gic. Given at 
tbe War-Office, Ibis 23rd day of July. 1760. 

By his Majesty's command. 
To Majnr-Gcneral Julius C»Ear. Harrington. 

2.3S. 
II is bis Mnjtsty's pleasure that you rause such men and borses as 
you shall think necessary, belonging to the 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream regiment of Foot Guards, under your command, ordered to em- 
bark for Germany, to marcb to, and be ijuartered a(. Dnrlford. 
Wherein, Uc. Given. &c. 24tb July, I76U. 

By his Majesty's command. 
In the absence of the Secretary at War. 
ToMajor-GeneralCiesar. Thos. Tvhwhitt. 



1761, June 21. Officers ordered to allend the exercising of two 
gnns, attached to each batlalioD. — Coldstream Orderly-Hoom. 

240. 

It is his Majesty's pleasure that (not withstanding any former order 
to the contrary) you cause the 2nd batt" of Ihe Coldstream regiment 
of Foot Guards, under your command, otT Yarmouth, to disembark, 
and proceed by such routes, and in such divisions, as you shall think 
most convenient, to Sudbury, Lavenhnm, aud snch other place or 
places in the neighbourhood thereof as you shall judge best for bis 
Majesty's service, acquainting this officer with their arrival At their 
destined quarters, where they are to be i|uaTtered. aud remain until 
further order. Wherein, &c. Given at the War-Office, this 37tb day 
of February, 1763, 

By his Majesty's command, 
In ihe absence of the Secretary at War, C. D'Otly. 

Lieut'-Col. Craig, or officer commanding the 2nd batl" of the 

Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, olT Yarmoutli. 

241. 
It is his Majesty's pleasure that you cause the second battalion of 
the Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards, under your command, lo 



u 



APPENDIX. 361 

march from their present quarters according to the route annexed, ac- 
quainting this Office with the receipt of this order and the day of their 
arrival at their destined quarters, to London, %%'here they are to be 
quartered and remain until further order. Wherein, &c. Given at the 
War-Office, this 28th day of February, 1763. 

By his Majesty's command, W. Ellis. 

The officer commanding the second battalion of the Cold- 
stream regiment of Foot Guards, at Sudbury. 

Route for the second battalion of the Coldstream regiment of Foot 
Guards from Sudbury : 

Thursday, lOtb March . Bocking. 

Friday, 11th . Chelmsford. 

Saturday, 12th Rumford and Ilford. 

Sunday, i3th . London, and remain. 

W. Ellis. 

242. 

George R. — We are pleased to direct that for the future all captain^ 
lieutenants of Cavalry and marching regiments in our service shall 
bear the rank of captain ; and our will and pleasure is, that the said 
captain-lieutenants shall take rank on all occasions, as well in the 
army as in their respective regiments, from the date hereof, or from 
the date of such commissions of captain-lieutenant as we may here- 
after be pleased to grant, whereof the generals, commanders-in-chief of 
our forces, and all other our officers whom it doth or may concern, are 
to take notice and govern themselves accordingly. Given at our 
Court at St. James's, this 25th day of May, 1772, in the twelfth year 
of our reign. By bis Majesty's command, 

Barbington. 

243. 

Great George Street, 5th July, 1784. 
Sir, — The report of a committee, appointed by the Board of Gene- 
ral officers, to take into their consideration the present method of ac- 
coutring the Infantry, having been laid before the King, and the several 
alterations therein recommended been approved of by his Majesty, 1 
have the honour to enclose to you the said report herewith, that you 
may take such measures for carrying the new regulations therein cou- 
tained into execution, agreeably to his Majesty's pleasure signified to 
me upon the occasion, as may appear to you most expedient for that 
purpose. I have the honour to be, &c. 

Wm. Fawcett, Adj'-GeoL 

Right FIou*^*^ Sir George Youge, Bart &c. &c» &c« 



362 

Report o 



APPKNDIX. 




the FropeediiiRS of a Commillrc of Gcnernl Officers ap- 
pointed by tlje Bonrd, the I5tli June, 1784. 

consequence of his Majesty's reference to tbe 
Bonrd of General OfGuers. bare lakcD Ibe present method or accou- 
tring the Infantry into their consideration, and have agreed to present 
tbe following observations. 

In tbe Qrst place, the Ordnance cartridge-box nt present in use hu 
been found to be exceedingly inconvenient ; it is therefore submitted 
that it be laid aside, and a tin magazine in a slight leathern 
case, of the same price, (2i. 6d.) substituted in its place ; but the 
committee conceive the expense of this article will not fall on tb« 
Colonel, on a presumption thai it will be furnisbed by the Ordnance, 
in exchange for tbe present cartridge -box. 

The powder-horns and bullet-bags of the Light Infantry, the com- 
mittee is informed, were never used during the last war ; it is there- 
fore proposed to lay them aside. 

The committee farther observe, that the matches and match-cases 
of tbe Grenadiers are become obsolete ; also the Grenadiers' snordg 
nere never worn during the last war ; it is therefore Bubmitted that 
these articles be nlso laid aside. 

Presuming these alterations may be approved of, the commtttea 
proposes that the following plan be adopted on any future delivery of 
a new set of accoutrements. 

The committee is of opinion, that the whole ballalinn shonld be ac- 
coutred alike, with tbe addition of two articles for the Light Infantrj, 
viz. the hatchet and priming-horn, and that it will be a great relief 
and convenience to the soldier, as well as lend greatly to the good ap- 
pearance of tbe baltnlion, to ivear the shoulder-belts of equal brcMlth, 
and have tbe ammunition (which is to consist of 06 rounds) divided lO 
that he may be enabled to carry the pouch on the right side and the 
magazine on the left. 

Il is therefore proposed that -the pouch be made as follows, vik. 
to hold 32 cartridges, 20 of which are to be in an upper tin box with 
fire divisions, each containing 4 cartridges placed upright ; the other 
12 are to be slowed horizontally in a tin box underneath, with divi- 
sious made in it so as to fit the length of the cartridges. 

The flap of the pouch to be plain, without any ornament, and tba 
bottom part of it to be rounded at the corners. 

The magnzine to be carried occasionally, to contain S4 cartridges in 
a tin box of the length of two cartridges, with a partition in the mid- 
dle, and of sufficient depth to contain 12 on each side, stowed horison- 
tally i this magazine is fixed to the bayonet belt in such 



I 
I 



lily takei 

be carried otherwise than on a ni: 

The pouch and bayonet bells t 



not being intended that it shonld 



be of buff leather, and the breadlk 



ihonld ^^1 
readlk^^H 




APPENDIX. 

of bath ofthem to be two iniJiea ; the tiayonet carriage to slip qd oni] 
off the belt, with two loopa. 

The hatchet, and a small priming-horn, to hold about two ounces of 
powder, are coDsidered as necessary appoinltncnls for the Light In- 
laolty : but. being at preieni improperly fixed to the accoutrements, 
may be carried either with the knapsack, or in such other manner as 
the commanding officer shall think most convenient. 

Pattern poucliea and belts made according to the above direclions 
may be deposited at the Clothing Board. 

The committee, on conferring with diflerent accoutrement makers, 
are satisGed. that provided the Ordnance rurnishea the magazines, Ihia 
alteration will not be attended with any increase of expense to the 
colonel. 

On considering every part of the appointments of a soldier, the com- 
mittee laments that a leathern cap, worn by some of the Light Infantry 
last war, bad not been shown to the Board, and is induced, from 
the report of officers who have tried it, strongly to recommend it as 
most comfortable to the soldier, and considerably less expensive than 
the cap which was approved of. 

The committee is likewise of opinion, that the black linen gaiter at 
present in use is extremely inconvenient and prejudicial to the soldier ; 
and earnestly propose a black woollen cloth gailer, with white metal 
buttons, without stiff tops, in its place. 

F. Cavendish. 
W. Howe. 

COHNWILLIS. 

This report was tbii day read and considered in a meeting of the 
Board of General Officers, and unanimously approved. 

Horse Guards, 25th June, ITIM. Chahlcs Gould. 

[A warrant signed by the King, embodying all the preceding recom- 
mendationa of the Board, dated 21st .Inly, I7B4, was accordingly is- 
sued, and directs that they be duly observed by fbe regiments of Foot 
Gnards and marching regiments if Infantry, " in exact conformity to 
the new patterns approved by the King, and lodged in the Office of the 
Comptrollers of the Accompis of the Army."] 

244. 
George Rax. — WhereM we bave been pleased to direct tijal our 
Coldstream regiment of Foot Guards under your command shall be 
forthwith augmented with two light-infantry companies, each to con- 
sist of 4 Serjeants, 4 corporals, 2 drnmmers, and 71 private men. be- 
sides commissioned officers ; These are to authorise you, by beat of 
drum or otherwise, to raise so many men in any county or part of onr 
kingdom of Great Britain, as shall be wanted to complete the said aug- 
mentatioD. Aud all magiatrales, justices of the peace, constables, and 



364 APPENDIX. 

olher our civil officers who oi it may ctinceru, are Lercby required tol 
be assisting utito you in [irovidiug quarters, impressing carriii)(es, ■ 
otherwise as there sLall be occnsiun. Given at our Court at St. James's, I 
this 19tiiday of April, 1793, in tlie 33rd year of our reign. 
By his Majesty's command, 

GEOKue YoNoe. 
To our moat dearly beloved sun and conncillor, Frederick 
DuLe of York, General in our army, and Colonel of our 
Coldstream regiment of Fool Guards, or lo the officer ap- 
pointed by him to raise men for our said regiment. 

[Placed on the establish me nt from 25th June, 17D3 ] 

24a. 

Sir, — In consequence of your letter signifying liis Mnjesly's pleasure 
that a table should be maintained at the public charge for the officers 
of the Foot Guards on duty at SI. James's, and other guards con- 
nected Iherewilh ; I am commanded by the Lords Commissioners of 
bis Majesty's Treasury to acquaint you, that thty have agreed with 
Mr. Gorton for the execution of this service upon payment of five 
thousand five hundred pounds a year, to be paid quarterly, and to 
commeuce when the buildings now erecting at St. James's are ready, 
and also npon payment to him of the sum of live hundred and thirty- 
nine pounds fourteen shillings and three pence for the purchase of 
kitchen utensils, and other necessaries ; and I am to desire you will 
lay the necessnry warrants before his Majesty for payment of the 
above allowances lo Mr. Gorton accordingly. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient bumble servant. 

Treasury Chambers, 24th August, 17^3. Charles Long. 

To his Majesty's Secretary at War. 

2ia. 

Sir,— Having laid before the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's 
Treasury a Memorial of William Gorton, the contractor for furnishing 
the table of his Majesty's Foot GnarJa at St. James's, praying to be 
allowed the additional sum of two thousand pounds per annum in con- 
sequence of four officers of the Horse Guards being added lo the aatd 
table ; 1 have received their Lordships' commands to acquaint you 
they approve of the incrensed allowance as proposed, and are pleased 
to desire you will Jay warrants from lime lo lime before his Majesty 
for payment thereof. 

1 am, Sir, your most obedient humble 

Treasury Chambers, 4th December. 1793. 

To his Majesty's Secretary at War. 



I 





APPKNDIX. 

347. 

St. Jnmes's. M.ircli 23rd, 1794. 

Sir, — The officers of tUe Guards are extremely desirous of having 
their breakfasts at the Guard-Room St. James's, nnd have nieiilioned 
to me that tbey nndereland from Generat Stevens that Mr. Pitt had 
givea direcIioDs accordingly : I shall therefore esteem it nsa particular 
favor if you will have the goodness to acquaint me whether that be 
the case, in order that 1 may take the necessary measures fur its being 
done. The different colonels of the guard assure me that they are at 
no expense of one guinea and a half every morning for their breakfasH 
at the cofiee-Louse : I therefore hope the Board of Treasury will nut 
think that eudi too large a one to allow nie on the occasion. I beg to 
mention my own doubts as to its being a sufficiency to defray the ex- 
pense, as the officers of the Life Guards are also to be provided with 
breakfast, and all newspapers, gazettes, &c'. If. honever, at the end 
of the year it should appear thai the necessary expeuses have exceeded 
the allowance, I hope their Lordships will be pleased to indemnify we 
for the excew. 1 have the honor to be. Sir, 

your most obedient humble serrBnt, 
To George Roie, Eiq. Wh. Gouton. 

248. 

Sir, — The Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury having 
bad under their consideration a letter from Mr. William Gorton, dated 
23rd March last, relative to his furnishing breakfasts to the officers of 
tbeguardat St. James's, and requesting that an allowance may be 
made to him of one guiuea and a half per diem for this service ; I am 
commanded by their Lordships to transmit the same to you, and to ac- 
quaint you my Lords approve of Mr. Gorton's proposal, and desire you 
will lay warrants before his Majesty for payment of the said allowance 
from lime to time, as the same shall become due, couimeuciug from 
the 3lBt day of March last inclusive. 

1 am, Sir, your most obedient bumble servant. 

Treasury Chambers, 3rd June. 1TD4. Charlei Lonu. 

To his Majesty's Secretary at War. 

249. 
Regulations fur the Table at St. James's. 
Isl. The guard table shall be supplied with two breakfasts and a 
dinner, daily, at the hours, nnd for the number of officers, under- 
mentioned. 

2d. The lirst breakfast for the eight officers of the Life and Fuut 
Guards dismounting guard, to he on the table every morning precisely 
at nine o'clock. 

3d. The second at eleven o'clock, foe the same number of officers 



36(J APPENDIX. 

mounting guard, and the field-officer and adjutant in parade wailing of 
Ihe Foot Guards. 

4th. A dinner for thirteen officers to be provided, dail]'. and lo be 
ou the table punctually at seven o'clock, (according to a bill of fare, 
which shall be produced and signed by the contractor,) to consist of 
two regular courses, and a dessert, with port, aheny, and madeira 
wines, ale, porter, and table-beer. 

&th. Claret shall not be introdac«d UDtil the cloth is remored, nor 
any wine called for, on any account, after ten o'clock, at which hour 
tea and coffee shall bo served. 

Ctb. The dining-room to be closed at eieren o'clock ; at which hour ^^ 
Ihe officers are to be with their respective guards. ^^H 

7th. The officers entitled to partake of the dinner arc, ^H 

The officers of tbe Life Guards od duly 3 ^H 

The officers ofthe Foot Guards on duly & ^^M 

The (ield-officers ofthe Foot Guards in brigade and parade wailing 3 ^^H 

Tbe Silver-stick ofthe Life Guards 1 ^^M 

The adjutants of the Foot Guards in brigade and parade waiting . 3 ^^H 

Total 14 ^H 
8tb. The field-officers in waiting of the Foot Guards, Silver-stick of ^^M 
the Life Guards, and adjutants in waiting of the Foot Guards, are to ^^^ 
signify their intention of dining at St, James's to the captain of tbe 
King's Guard, before twelve o'clock ; otherwise, that officer will have 
the privilege of filling up the vacant places, agreeable to ancient 

gth. The captain of (he King's Guard, during the continuance of bi« 
duty, is (o have tbe control ofthe table, and sball regularly sign the 
contractor'swiiie-book. ' 

10th. It is, however, to be clearly understood, that as far as regards 
the conduct of individuals, he will (should circumstances require it) 
submit the case to the field-officer in brigade wailing, who. with Oie ' 
Silver-slick of tbe Life Guards, and tbe officers commanding batlalioaa 
at St. James's, shall at all times form a committee to investigate and 
redress all references or complaints that may be made to then. 

Illh. The terms and conditions of tlie present and all future ci 
tracts for the supply of Ibe table, sball be lodged in the Orderly-Room 
of the First or Grenadier regiment of Foot Guards, to be referred to as 
occasion may require. 

Approved, (Signed) Frederick, 

Colonel of tbe First or Grenadier Guard*. 

Allowances for tbe Table at St. James's. PEtt itN 

In August, 1793, £5dU0 

December „ An addiliooal sum of ... . 201X) O 



BroDght fbnrard £7500 
.Ird Juoc, 1794. £1. Il(. 6d. a-d*j more, to provide the 
officers on duly with bre«kf««t 574 17 6 



£S074 17 
3(10 


6 


£8374 17 
HOC 10 


G 


£0181 8 
3I»1 8 






£«X)0 






111 1810, A reduction was made in llie grunt of 



The Hllowanre has ntwayi been subject to a deduction of oue guinea 
per venl. for public fees ou warrants being; granted for the iuue of the 
money. 

250. 

War-Office, 27th July, 1813. 

Sir, — I have the honour to acquaint you, that in consideration of the 
luerilorious services of the noo-com missioned officers of the army, and 
with the view of extending encouragements and advanlageg to those 
rauksof the infantry, corresponding to the henefila which the appoint- 
ment of troop Serjeant- major offers in the cavalry ; his Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent has been most graciously pleased, in the name and 
on the behalf of his Mnjesty, to order, that from the 251h June, 1813, in- 
clusive, the pay of the serjeant-UM^or in every regiment of infantry not 
subject lo a limitation of service as to place, shall be increased to three 
shillings per diem. 

His Royal Highness has also been pleaiK^ to order, that from the 
same date, one seijeanl of the eslablishment in each company of the 
aaid regiments shall be designated " Colour-Serjeant," and that his 
pay shall be raued to two shillings and four-pence per diem. 

The colon r-»erjeants are to be distinguished by an honourable badge ; 
of which, however, and of the advantages attending il, they will, in 
case of misconduct, he liable to he deprived, at the discretion of the 
Colonel or Conraandiog- Officer of the regiment, or by Ihe sentence of 
a court- martial. It is also intended, that the duty of attending the 
colours in the field shall at all times be performed by the colour- 
serjeants ; but that these distinctions shall not be permitted to inter- 
fere with the regular performance of their regimental and company 
duties. I have the honour to he. Sir, &c. 

Colonel of the . . . regiment of Foot. PaLmerston. 

" Mum. — The pay of the serjcaul-inajot in each battalion of Foot 



<iO» Ai'PENUlX. 

" Uuard« wasincreued, from the period above mentioned, by llic Betl 
" addilian of 64. per diem, ranking bis netl pay 3$. 2d. a-day ; aud the 
" pay of the colour-aerjeant per corapaoy ia those battaliaus was alio 
" augmented by the same additional rale, making bis nett pay 2t. 6d. 
" per diem in all." 

250.' 
On the 24th of July, Idl4, a circular letter was written, directed to 
the General Officers of the Foot Guards, by command of his Royal 
Highness the Duke of York, and signed by the Mililary Secretary, 
notifying liis RojhI HigUness's intention to remove Ihcni from their 
regimental commissions. Field Officers Hnd Captains of tlie Guards, 
who were General Officers, and " in tlie enjoyment of advantnges 
peculiar to that branch of the service," were to receive as a compensa- 
tion an increased rale of pay. 

25]. 
London Guzetle, No. 17045. Saturday, July :2Dtb, 1816. 

War-Offico, July 291b, 1815. 

The Prince Regent, as a mark of his royal approbation of the dis- 
tinguished gallantry of the brigade of Foot Guards in the victory of 
Waterloo, has been pleaeed, in the name and on the behalf of his 
Majesty, to approve of all tlie ensigns of the three regiments of 
Foot Guards having the rank of lieutenants, and that such ratik sball 
be attached to all the future appointments to ensigncies in the Foot 
Guards, in the same manner as the lieutenants of (bosc re^menLi ob- 
tain the rank of captain. 

His Koyal Highness bas also been pleast'd to approve of the Is( 
regiment of Foot Guards being made a regiment of Grenadiers, aod 
styled " The 1st or Grenadier regiment of Foot Guards," in com- 
memoration of their having defeated the grenadiers of the French Im- 
perial Guards upon this memorable occasion. 

262. 

Cost of Stale caps, coats, belts, and swords, received by the band 

of the Coldstream Guards in the year IH15.' 

£. t. rf. 

22 plain jockey velvet caps, furnished by Mr. Caler . :)3 e 

Gold lace. Sic. for coals from Messrs. Hamburger . . 033 5 O 

Cloth for 3'i coals, from Messrs. Pearse . . . 113 9 5 

Making: 22 coals 27 10 O 



' Ordered to be dlsCDQ'in 



APPENDIX. Jtl9 

Hroughl forward £.1107 4 S 
S-2 biifT waist-bells nl lfi(. Trom Mr.ProHser 17 1-2 

'i'i snords, at £2. 2t. do. do. 46 U 

63 12 

ToUl £1170 Ifl 5 
253. 

In 17S3, (he anifonn of the Coldstream iras a cocked hat, with the 
exception of the grenndier companies, who wore bear-skin caps, and 
the light infantry companies round lials. with bear-akin over the top 
in the form of a helmet ; the light companies wore short coals, white 
doth waistcoats and pnntnloon*, nitb black half-filers and shoes; 
the remainder of the regiment long coats, white waistcoats, breeches, 
long black cloth jailers, and shoes. 

Ailjiilanl-Gcneral's Office, Isl February, 1796. 

Sir, — I have the honor to arqnninl you. for the information of the 
Clothing Board, that his Majesty has signified his royal pleasure, that 
the following alterations ahall take place in the future clothings of the 
infantry of the line, viz. 

The lappeU are to he continued as at present, down to the waisi ; 
but to be made so as either to button over occasionally, or to clasp 
close with hooks and eyes all the way down to the bottom. 

The cape is to stand up, instead of lying down, according to former 
re^Iatious ; an opening is to be left at the flap, on the outside of the 
pocket, so as to admit the baud into it, when the lappels are buttoned 
over. The pocket 6aps of the light infantry companies are to he made 
oblique, or slashed, and the wings on the shoulders of the grenadier 
coats also are to remain ns at present. 

No alteration is to lake place in the breadth of Ihc lappets or cu&s 
of the sleeves, nor in the colours to the facings, or patterns of the 
laces, as worn by the different regiments according to bis Majesty's 
former regulations. 

For the further information of the Clothing Board, I send herewith 
two pattern coats, one for the battalion soldier, and one for the light 
infantry, made up according to bis Majesty's orders as above, and to 
be deposited in the Office of the Army Comptrollers. 

I am, 8(c. Wm. Fawcbtt, 

Thos. Fauquier, Esq., &.c. Sec. Adj'.-Gen'. 

General Order.— Dated Adjutant- General's Office, 4lh May. ITOO. 
Ilegnlales officers' ornament to their hats, swords, sword-knots, 
gorge IS, &c. 

About 179.5 or 6, short coals for the men were adopted in lieu of 
long coats, universally. The cocked hat continued, with the exception 
of the grenadier and light iiifantry companies, up to 1800. 

In I8UI, cocked hats were discontinued, and a cap issued instead. 



b my L[ 



370 APPENDIX. 

Tbe cap was also substituted for tbe bnt by the light companies. Dp 
10 1831, caps have been worn by lUe battalion and ligbt infantry, of 

The sbort coal, mth the exception of the light companies, (who 
wore them till 1831,) was discODtinaed in 1B20, when long ones were 
given. The white waistcoat, breeches, long blact gaiters and shoea 
were still worn. 

1823. Dark grey trowscrs and laced half-boots were delivered in 
Ilea of the white breeches, long black gaiters, and shoes. Feathers 
were worn by tbe regiment from 171)3 to 1820. Tbe grenadier com- 
panies had while, the light infantry green. Battalion companies were 
of various patterns during th»t lime. 

Since 1820, the regiment has worn liair plumes ; grenadiers white, 
light infantry green ; battalion companies white with red at the bottom i 
after that period nil white. 

In 1832, his Majesty ordered the regiment entire to wear beu- 
skin caps with red feathers on the right side, and all diatinctioD >■ 
dress between tbe battalion and flank companies ceased. 
264. 

From the following list of the non-com mission officers who have 
been promoted and appointed to commissions for their good conduct in 
the regiment, it is evideut that the well-known habits of discipline 
that distinguish the non-commissioned officers of the Foot Guards has 
not been overlooked. Tbe perfect discipline which tbe Foot Guards 
have attained, the precision of their evolutions, and tbe admirable 
state of the dress and equipments of the men, have frequently called 
forth the approbation of foreigners. The non-commisiioned officers or 
the Guards appear superior in their particular department to those of 
other nations. In France they may have equal or greater quickness, 
and are capable of being at once advanced to a higher grade. Tb« 
German and Russian nou'commissioned officers may be equally good 
disciplinikrians, and may attend with as much care to the comforts and 
management of the soldier; but every thing taken into uonsideratioii 
it may be Siiid, without evincing an undue degree of partiality, that 
the Serjeants and corporals of our Foot Guards unite in their conduct 
and regimental arrangement the good qualities of the French, the Rns- 
sian, and the German. 

Mr. Alexander Hogg, Serjeant-Major and Deputy-Marshal in the 
Second regiment of Foot Guards, appointed Fort-Major and Adjutant 
of the garrison of Jersey, April, 1750. 

War-Oftice, 17lb September, 17.W, 

Sir, — Tbe following serjeonts of the Coldstream regiment of Foot 
Guards being appointed lieutenants in Major-General Stuart's regi- 
Serjeaot Olley, Serjeant Collier, Seijeant Mackay; 
my Lord Harrington being out of town. lam commanded to acquaint 



I 



APPENDIX. 371 

yoaitubis Royal Highness's orders that tiie aaid Gentlemen be dis- 
cbarged from doing duly aa Serjeants. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient humble serrant, 
CommandiDg officer of the Coldstream Thos. Shbbwin. 

regiment of Foot Guards. 

Like Letter. War-Office, 21it September, 1756. 

Serjeant St. Clair of Ihe Coldstream appointed lieutenant in Lord 
George Bcauclcrk's regiment. (Signed Babrington.) 

Like Letter. War-Office, 1st October, 1766. 

Serjeant William Smilb of tbe Coldstream appointed lieutenant in 
General Holmes's regiment. (Signed Bahrington.) 

Non-commtBaioned Officers of tbe Coldstream regiment of Guards wbo 
bave received Commissions since the commencement of Ihe War, 
from 1732. 
Serjeant William Pitt, Ensign, ]4tb Foot 
„ Lake Robert Cook, Ensign, )D3d Foot 

„ Alexander llillar. Ensign, 103d FooL 

Serj'-Major George Young, Lieut, and Adjutant, 101st Foot. 
Serjeant John Homer, Lieut, and Adjutant, Dukcof AthorsPencibles. 
„ Williflm Moore, Ensign, New South Wales Corps. 
„ John Braybin, Ensign. New Sonlh Wales Corps. 
„ Francis Starr, Quarter- Master. 14th Fool. 
„ John Barber, Quarler-Maaler, 21st Foot, 
,, William Cole, Ensign, Sootb DeTon Militia. 
„ Darid Keitb, Adjutant, Duke of Gordon's Fenciblea. 
Setj'-Major John Holmes, Quarter- Master, Coldstream regiment of 

Fool Guards. 
Serjeant Benjamin Vaughton, Ensign and Adjutant, Aberdeenshire 
Feu ci hies. 
„ John Sellway, Qnarter-Haster, Light Infantry Battalion, 

Brigade of Foot Guards. 
„ Thomas Williams, Qnarler- Master, Coldstream Guards. 
,, George Bird, Ensign, Invalids. 
Setj'-Hcijor John Philips, ProTOst-Maisbal, Army on the Continent. 

„ Samuel LunI, Quarter-Master, Coldstream Guards. 

Seijeant William Hughes, Ensign, Invalids. 
Serji-MajoT Edward Tomlin, QuaHer- Master, 85th reg. of Foot. 
Seijeant John Briggs, Quarter-Master, 58tb reg. of Fool. 
Seii'-Major John H' Gregor. Eiuign. Invalids, in tbe Tower. 
Serjeant Isaac Hilton. Ensign. Invalids, in the Tower. 
Quar'-Master-SerjeantWa.Spinks.Enaign, Royal Garrison Battalion. 
Serjeant John Prime, Ensign, Royal Garrison Ballation. 
Serj'-Mnjor Henry Selway, Ensign and Adjutant. lUIh Balt°, Armjrof 
Reserve. 



4 



372 



APPENDIX. 



Serjeant Thamss Owen, Ensign, Royal Cnrrison Bullnlioii. 
., John Marlin, Adjutant, Duke or Clarence's Corpa. 
Serj'-Miijor Joseph Jenoings. Ensign and Adjutant, 31st Itegimeiit. 
QuAr'-Mas'-Serj'JainesFindlay, Quarter-Master, Coldstream Guard». 
Serj'-Mnjor William AIpe, Provost -Marshal, Army on tlie Coniinent. 
Serjeant Jobu Barrett, Ensign and Adjutant, 54th Regiment. 

,, Daniel nardner, Ensign, 7(h Royal Veteran Battalion. 
Serj'-Major Mallbew Semple, Adjutant. 29th Regiment. 
Seijeant Geof^e Meadley, Enargn, GUIh Regiment. 

„ Ricbard Welley, Quarter- Master, Royal West India Rangers. 

„ John Brokensbire, Ensign, 11th RoyalVetcron Battalion. 

„ William Semple, Lieutenant, Royal Cornwall Militia. 

„ Thomas Harrison, Ensign, 8th Royal Veteran Battalion. 

„ William Edwards, Ensign, Royal York Rangers. 

William Elliott, Quarler-Masler. South Devon Mililia. 
Serj'-Major Micbnel Nerin, Adjutant, Hotmesdale Volunteers. 
Serjeant Samuel Wall, Adjutant. 1st Batt" 361b Regiment. 

„ Thomas Mann, Ensign, 4th Royal Veteran Battalion. 
Corporal Francis I>augbarne, Ensign, Royal York Rangers. 
Serjeant W°' H, Babbington, Ensign, Royal York RangiTS. 

,, Joshua Folhergill, Adjutant, 9Slh Regiment. 

„ Thomas Clarke, Ensign, 3lBt Regiment. 
Serj'-Major John Deiterich, Adjntant, Foreign Dep&I, Lymiagton. 
Seijeant Benjamin Selnay, Adjutant, Guildford Local Mililia. 
Corporal Anthony Bnbb, Ensign, Gist Regiment. 
Serjeant Thomas Randall, Quarter-Master, 2d Royal Veteran BatI*. 

„ William Haywood, Ensign, 7tb Royal Veteran BatI*. 

„ Joseph Hilton, Ensign, Royal African Corps. 

,. Thomas Whealley, Ensign, 3d Lancashire Militia. 
Quar'-Mnster-Serj' Thomas Dwelly, Quar'-Mas', Coldstream Gnarda. 
Seijeant Richard Smith, Ensign, 13tb Royal Veteran Bait". 

„ Hugh Burn, Adjutant, 37tb Regiment. 

,, Henry Bishop, Ensign and Adjutant, 5th Regiment, 

„ John Birch, Ensign, 91h Royal Veterau Bait". 

„ Thomas Bush, Ensign, 2d Royal Veteran Batt". 

„ John Weyraugh. Ensign, 60th Regiment. 
Serj'-Major William White, Ensign and Adjntant, 5Dth Regiment. 

■ii.^. 
The Non-commissioned Oflicers' Fund was instituted some years 
ago for the support of themselves, their widows and children. Its 
origin is unknown, but there are proofs that it existed previous to 
17OT, as on the iirsl of February in that year the rules and regnlalions 
Of the fnnd were enrolled nt tbe Quarter Sessions by the appellalion 
of " The BeneHt Society of No n- Cum missioned Officers of his Ma- 
jesty's Colitatream Regiment of Foot Guards." A Serjeant's sub- 



APPENDIX. 373 

aeription was four-pence, a corporal's Iwo-pence per treek : the b«ne- 
fils were pensions for life afler discharge, varying according to length 
of serrice ; and a snio of moncj to the family on decease in (he 
regiment. In June 1807, Ihe rates of stoppnges and pensions nere 
augmented. In 1810, the Amount of stoppages and other small allon- 
ancea to the fund was augmented, to enable it to meet the increased 
demands of Ihe pensioners, caused by reductions ofler (he peace of 
18H. In November, 1824, Ihe general committee found the pensions 
granted too great for the stoppages. Therefore, after fi\ing annuities 
for the existing pensioners, Ibey nbulisbed the pension system. In 
lieu of which, they agreed to repay to each snbscriber, on discharge, 
promotion, transfer to another corps, or to his nidow, children, or 
next of Lin, the whole amount of his cootributions, with interest. The 
amended system was enrolled at the Sessions. 

236. 

The Nalli Secnndus Club was instituted on Ibe fourth of March, 
1783, by the following officers of the Coldstream. 
John Edward Freemantle. 
Thomas B. Bosville. 
Nathaniel Webb. 
Francis Knight, Treasurer. 
(Jeorge Calvert. 

The rules agreed on were, " That the Club should dine together 
once a month till the King's birth-day, (Juue 4th,) then adjourn till 
about the Queen's birth-day, (January, 17d4,) and from that day 
dine together monthly till the King's birth-day, and then adjourn 
till the next year. The dinner to be provided at five shillings a head, 
and to be on table at live o'clock, and tbe bill broDght up at nine." 
Each member was to pay, at the beginning of the year, his subscrip- 
tion to the treasurer, who was to be elected annually. 

The number of members to be yiwrtem. elected by a ballot of at 
least six members ; one black ball to exclude -, and unless the whole 
Club were present, the candidate was not eligible, until be had been 
proposed one month. Any member " entering the holy slate of ma- 
trimony" was to give a dinner. 

The following are extracts from rules which v 
subsequently etiacled. In June, 1807, it was agreed t 
uniform, a dark blue coat, with ten silver engraved buttons, placed 
two and two, on each lapel ; at top of the skirt, two buttons, with 
worked button-holes, and on each pocket-Hap four buttons, two and 
two, white kerseymere waistcoat, and black breeches. 

A member not appearing at tbe meetings dressed in strict conformity 
with this regulation, is lined a guinea. 

Members, on marriage, become bonarary, and occasion a vacancy 




" Thm the Club shall in future dii 
" aiitl on the Iwenlj-nirith of May." 

■■ That the dinner »haU be ordered at fifteen ihillings ■ h«ad." 
" That a certain rule, passed 27Ih June, 1814. H. H. H. the Duke 
" of Cambridge in the chair, be revived, and that the a^nt do open 
; of the treasurer of this Club, to which he 
" (the agent) be directed to pay the lubscriplio 

" 16*. for each of the three yearly dinners, on (he order of the 
" presidents of the tnectinga. That the company present on each 
" club-day shall determine upon the tavern at which Ibey will next 




" That members ihsll be balloted for, and by 
" and that one black ball shall exclude." 

" That the rule respecting the wedding di 
" annulled." 

" That the uniform henceforth be a bine coat, with silver, or 

" silver plated buttons of the Nulli Secundus Clnb pattern, with 

' black velvet collar; fancy waistcoat; black trowsers, panlaloons, 

' or breeches. That the fine of one guinea be required from a 

mproperly dressed, as heretofore." 

" That married members he reckoned honorary, have a vote, and 

mpled from the fine for absence from 
" That a member on hii marriage shall, therefore, make a vacancy 
" for the eleclioa ofa new member." 

" That a married member who shall omit to notify to f he tavero- 
" keeper, two days at least before a meeting, whether he wlU or will 
" not dine there, be fined a guinea." 

" That a married man, three years in the Coldstream, and one year 
" a candidate, may be elected honorary member by ballot.'' 

" That the number of the members (which by a vote of 1S2S had 
" been increased to twenty-three) shall be fixed as in 1783, to 
" fonrteen." 

" That all absentees be fined a guinea (as heretofore). Id be de- 
" dneted from the bill; King's leave, and military duty alone ex - 
'* empling." 

" That members shall take the chair in turn, according to the 
" Ireasurer'a list ; and that failing to do so, or to get a substitute, the 
" defaulter shall be fined one guinea in addition to the fine for 
" absence." 

" That a member on quilting the Coldstream 
"member; but hia company on club-days will be considered 
" honour." 

" That all candidates, who hare left the regiment 
" meeting, three years ago, but for whose election 




^^^^^^^^^M 


" curred anterior to their resignation, be iofonned byTfio SSmbS^^^^ 


' ' that tbe Club requests the plensiire of their company nt tbeir ineet- 


" ings : for inasmuch ae these genllemen would have been balloted 


1 " for, if the Club had met regularly, according to their rules in 1825, 


*' 1926, 18-W, they are considered in the light of members of the 


" NuUi, who have quitted the Coldstream." 


From the period of his Majesty's accession to tbe throne, King 


WilUam IVlh has been graciously pleased to confer on the Club 


the signal honour gf an inritation to an annual dinner. 


SUCCESSION OF MEMBERS. 


John Edward FreemantJe, T 


Thomas B. BoBville, (treasurer six years) n*- i 
Nathaniel Webb, I ""P"*' 


' Francis Knight, f Members. 


George Calvert, (treasurer five years) 


Isaac Gascoyne J 


1 1783. Gould 


Calvert ■ 


Vacbell 


Windsor ■ 


Bridgeman 


Nugent ■ 


Hewgill 


1794. G. Fitzroy H 


(treasurer three years) 


Buller ■ 


FrascT 


Morris 1 


Calcrafl 


Lord Howard of Effingham ■ 


N. Boscawen 


Dyke ■ 


1784. Fane 


179a. Fuller M 


Sutton 


Lord Forbes fl 


Wyndham 


Brand ■ 


; Earl of Cavan 


1796. Brownrigg ^^^^^H 


1 1785. Thoroton 


J^^^^M 


Finch 


1797. Vane ,J^^^H 


Morshead 


^^^^^H 


1 Lord Stopford 


Earl of Cork ^^^^H 


W. Boscawen 


Hotbam ^^^^H 


Morgan 


Chester ^^^^H 


17HG. Maddock* 


1796. WingScId ^^^^^H 


Parker 


Armstrong ^^^^^^H 


1788. Morrison 


1799. Upton ^^^^^H 


(treasurer four years) 


1800. Peacucke -^^^^^H 


H.R.H. the Duke of York 


Bolton ^^^^H 


1789. Spencer 


Sir Gilbert Stirling ■ 


1790. Lord Saye and Sele 


M. Wynyard ■ 


Gregory 


Lloyd B 


C. Hotbam 


1801. Henry Mac KinnoD ■ 


1791. Earlof Aboyne 


Sir Wm. Sheridan ■ 


Eld 


Lord Dunsany ^M 


Wynyard 


Smith ^1 


(treasurer tifteen years) 


k^^^^l 



APPENDIX. tJi 


1801. Sir Richard Jackson 


1819. Chaplin 


Onslow 


Armytage 


Cadogan 


Maynard 


Ross 


1820. Cnyler 


Acland 


Loftns 


1805. Conyers 


Kortrigbt 


Braddyll 


Campbell 


Adams 


1821. Rous 


1806. H. R. H. the Dnke of 


Whymper 


Cambridge 


(treasurer seven years) 


Woodford 


1822. Buller 


Sir Wm. Pringle 


Mildmay 


Balling 


Gooch 


1808. Hamilton 


Drummond 


Sir Henry Bouyerie 


1823. Girardot 


1809. SnUon 


Shawe 


1810. Collyer 


Salwey 


Barrow 


1825. G.Bentinck 


Bnller 


Powys 


Lord Aylmer 


H. Bentinck 


Vachell 


J. Forbes 


1812. SolliFan 


W.Forbes 


Taylor 


Macdonell 


Simpson 


Arbuthnot 


(treasurer ten years) 


Sir Wm. Gomm 


Lascelles 


O'Neill 


1813. Daniel Mac Kinnon 


Waters 


W. C. Wynyard 


1828. Earl of Munster 


1814. Milman 


Cornwall 


Raikes 


Short ,* 


Sandilands 


Lord Graves 


Gore 


Cowell 


Bowles 


HaU 


Bayly 


Dundass 


1815. Walpole 


Murray 


Steele 


1829. RusseU 


Walton 


Broadhead 


Hanrey 


G. Bentinck 


Prince 


Northey 


Dawkins 


Rawdon 


Bnller 


1830. Howden 


Talbot 


1831. Ashbumbam 


FerciFal 


Codring^n 


1818. LordHotham 


Hope 


6. Morg^an 


Lord Frederick Fitzcla- 


Rose 


rence 


Bligh 


Hobhouse 


1819. Wedderbnrn 


Sir John Shelly 


Clifton 





4n esUblUhmenl mtde and cnnuluded upon by hit HiflineM the Lord 
Protector and y* Councell, Tor the several force! in feild and guar- 
rison in Scotland, to commence from Monday tlie three-aad-lwen- 
tiolb day of July, one Ikoueand sU hundred fiftie-tive, inclusire, 

rhicleeii regiments and one company of foot, consisting of 10640 sol- 
diers, besides oflieers, for Scoll.ind. 



rCnlonell- . . . 
Liaatenunt-Colonell 
AUjor . .. . 

ChirurgBonSf.p »nd one 
yuBrter-Mutar and Pn 
all nil united 



n-Major 



iC»ptBin8 
Two Sei^eBiitBB. each ISd. 
Three CorporsllM and two Dnun- 1 
mers. enrh \Sd. J 
Eightie Soldiers, each 3d, 

The ps; of nine lacb companiesl 
more, to eompleal a legiiueiit of > 
Toole J 

In ill for one regiment . 

The pay of twelre aucb regi- 1 



Tbe pay of three GBplaines, throe' 
I :,...i„^.^i^. ih.ree Eosignes, 
Qe Cotpomllea, 
id l*o hundred 



ix Serge a 



ie Sold'ie 



and fot..« «.,..mn. ,~^ „. .. „.^M 
eompaniei to be added lo one uf 
the regimenles above menlionpd 
for thp keeping of Ediliburgh 
and Lietb. amouotes unto 

In sll for 13 reginieotea md i 
□ue company 



The radoceninnls made in lliis estnhliBhnieQl ore as followetb 
The Wngonerofeaeh reginiBUt, enchSi. 
Tbe QuBrter- Waaler and PVovoat-Mnrtiall of each renimenl 
'Ihe regiments reduoeJ to eight hundred soldii 
The pny of each foole aouldier of tbe f aid -fa 



By tbe Dny 




)j tbe Month, j 








5 
6 

7 

4 

a 


(1 

a 

6 


6 
6 


19 

7 

10 

a 


16 

10 

10 
3 


8 










3 


K 


64 


H 


B 


; 


; 


1! 


O 


* 


3 





116 


i 





S7 


' 


" 


1,015 


16 





43 

5i5 


14 
9 


" 


14JI9 
341 


11 

a 


• 


S81 


_^ 


i 


I6,3m| 16 


8 



I 



I 



p. diei 
The puy of each toute aouldier of the gua 




Tba EtUbliahioent of Ihe Force* in Ed^IbdiI and ScoUaiid, com- 
racnciog the 16^ of October, )65&, with the allowances sioce made by 
his Uiglineu the Lord Protector and Council. Jul j 1^'^, 1667. 



Ezlrvt. 


P.r t 
Diem. 


Per 
(28 d.T..> 


M.jor-Gener«loftbeFooteiodo 

OcB Adjiitiint for Scollmnd to hmre a tioope of Horae, 1 

Udtohfliilowedas Adiiiual-Geoenll / 

TbKt unii! ■ troops of Hores be pronided for the Ad- 

julant-GBfurml, he is to be iiirowmi ISi. p. day. 
Oe? Clerke to the CommiadeT-iu-CMefe of tbe Forcei i 


i- 







•. d. 

1: 

5 


& 


6 


16 


d- 

















ElereD regiments, aad one company of Poote for Scotlaod, viii. :- 



Feild and 
Suff oiGsen 
to 1 re jimeni ' 



Ueuteout- Colonel 

Mnjt 



Preacher 

Chinirgeoa 5f. and one mate 9$, 
Quarter- Master and PrDTDBt-Mi 
to be eieculed by one person 






Two Serieanu each IBd 

One Drummer 

Three Corporate and other Drammer, I 

Seaieoti-fouer ■ouldiers, each *l 9d. , 



Captain 

Lienlenant 

En«ign 

Two SerjeanU, each ISoF 

Three Corpanls and two Dntmmers. 



achat lU. 



SearenlT-fouer eouldiers.each si 9d. , 



The paj or eight a 




380 



APPENDIX. 



259. 

An Establishment of the Forces in Scotland, commencing y* 21st of 

December, 1667, inclusive. 

Eleven Regiments and one Company of Foote, consisting of 7770 

souldiers, besides officers. 



Feild and 
Staff Offi- 
cers to a 
regiment 
of Foote, 
▼is. 



fColonell £ 

Lieutenant-Colonell 

Major 

Preacher 

Chirurgeon 4t., and one Mate 25. 6£{. 
Qr.-MasterandProvost-Marshali, 1 
to be executed by one person j 
Gunsmith 



One pri- 
vate com- 
pany, viz. 



'Captaine 

Lieutenant .... 

Ensigne 

Two Serjeants, each If. 6d. 

Three Corporalls above souldiers' 1 

pay3r< J 

One Drummer .... 
SeFcnty souldiers, the three Cor 

poralls included, each at 9(f . 



} 



The pay of nyne such companies 1 
more, to make up a regiment of > 
700 souldiers, besides officers J 

In all for one regiment . 

The pay of ten such regiments "1 
more, and one company, accord- I 
ing to the rates and numbers | 
ahove expressed ... J 

In all for eleven regiments i 
and one company j 



Extract. 
The retrenchments made in this establishment are as foUoweth : — 
A Drummer to the Coloneirs company at Is. 6d. p. diem, wholly reduced. 
A Drummer in each of the other companies at l5. p. diem, wholly reduced 
Three Corporalls in each company at 9(f., reduced. 
Four private Souldiers in each company at 9(/., wholly reduced. 
The pay of the Chirurgeon reduced one shilling p. diem. 

State-Paper Office. 



By the Day. 


By the Month. 









12 
7 
6 
6 
6 





8 
6 


16 16 
9 16 
7 
9 6 8 
9 2 





4 





5 


12 





2 
3 


6 
8 


3 


10 


2 


61 


2 8 








8 
4 
3 
3 








11 
5 

4 
4 


4 

12 
4 
4 








9 


1 


1 





1 





1 


8 


2 


12 
12 

10 

6 


6 
3 

3 

2 


73 


10 


3 


101 


3 


32 


910 


7 


38 


1,072 


12 8 


386 


13 


11 


10,827 


9 8 


425 





1 


11,<H)0 


2 \ 

1 



Ektrocled from " an EaUblisbineDt of the Forces in England and 

Wnles M (be same atood the 27tb Febniary, ]6H." 

Twelve RegimtaU of Foot, consiatiiig of 14,400 Muldier*, beaidea 

officen, Tix. ; 



Feild ud 
Kuff Officen 
toaregimeDt' 



r Colonel as ColDuel .... 
Lieu lenaol- Colonel u Lie Dtenint- Cole 

Mijoru Major 

Preacher 

Surgeon 4<.. and ao<> Mate 2(- &!. 
Quaner-Muter end ProTMl-Maiahal, t 
be execuied by one penon 



sr:!,, : : 








Euiigiie 








Two SerieaaU. each 








ch at 


3d. p 


"•"} 


Que Drumm 












uldier 




M 9J. . . 









The psT of nine auch 
compleat a reffinient 
ofliOU 



ipanTsmore, 
Fool couiisti 

, beiides officen 

D all for one regime 

MS. Uarieian. N'o. 6844. Brit. U 



Per 



Charles R.— An Establishment fur the 
26th January, I 
(Eitraot.) 



^-raised Force* , 1 



The Duke 
of Albe- 

RBBiment 



Quuler-Muter and Mnrnfaall, lo ] 
bee eiecuted by one peison J 



A CompsDiearFaate. 



rails r 



TwoT'rje- 
Thret Corp 
bret DrutnniBr* BEch at iij" 
□d one hundred louldieri «>ch- 
BI x' p. divm wbilnt they 
qUBitsr in LondoD, hut to 
faBTfl but ii* if tbey remove ' . 



of 1000 Boaldiei 



besidee oSi- 



[The Eslnbliihmrnt from Junuirir ifil>i is preriiKly the ume oumben and 
ratiis, and the Adjutant included among the Field and Staff Seers. ]— Stale -Pape' 



■ ray 
King, fro 



The EatobtubmeDt of tb« Lord GoDenll'a Regiineiil of Hii HqealiM 
Foot Gvud*, to commeDce the 36tfa of September, 1668. 



CoBUttiag of WO Sotdiera, besides Officers, 


in t<reWa 








I'ef 

Diem. 


Per 


Per 

AnmiBi. 


Uenenll H ColoDPll 

A^JDlUlt . .%. 

Chmirjwm fc. »i«J one Mils 9.. 6d. 
guuui-Muur ud Muihal, tu be eiecated 1 
by una p«non J 


J- 








i. d. 

5, 
6 8 
4 

G 6 

V 


5 


6 

6 

tit 
■i 
1! 


(1 

B 





127 
91 
111 

n 
n 



6 
Ifi 











<1 


3 

i 


X 

3 l> 

a;o 

9,8 


6» 

i 
93 

lis 

ISiS 


4 

4 
If 

l( 
6 


8 


8 


a« 




8 


Gsoer.11uC.pUin 

Lieulenuit 

EosigQ 

TwoSeriB.nU.eMbl8d 

Three Corportli, BMh IW 

EightiB Soldier., wttb loJ 


i« 
re 

M 
M 

1*13 


IS 
16 

IS 

ts 
le 

8 
6 








8 




e 


8 
S 


1631 


18 


« 


Tie Lientenmt-Coloiieir* Compuij 

Ten compuiiB* more u ih.l of the Lieute- 1 
nnt-Colonell to compleat the uid tegi- V 

■ant J 


4 


9, 8 

~l~ 

16: 8 

1 


1631 
tfiSI9 


18 
6 


8 
8 


Fin sod Cudles for tlw toot CoarU ofl 
Gulrd kept by Hii* teiimBQl / 


" 


'!" 


It 




<l 


IfiS 







In .U for tLis resimeni . 


.^ 


1') 4 


I'm. 




H 


Usesi 




R 



Stste-Pqier OSm. 



EitablubmeDt of the CoMatream Gaards, to commence from tbe first 
of January, l^i consiHting of 720 Soldiers, beaidei Officers, in 
twelve companiei of sixtjr in each company. 





fficera. 


Per 
Dien 


Per 




; 

5 
6 

1 

* 


(1 m 

91 
8 l!l 
73 

6 IIS 


■ ■*■ 


lieatenmnt- Colonel (s Lieutenan 


■Colonai . 


5 p 
















Wu.rter-M«»ter and Ma«L»l, la 


be exeouted by one l 







npany. 




The Colonel's Co 


e 

4 
3 
3 
3 
S 

2 10 


S HS-l 

J« 
73 
M 

5* 

q -a 

91S 1 


5 10 
































a Company. 






3 14 


ejl 1.3S9L 


a 6 


LiegtsDiuit-Colouel » CaptnJn 


8 
i 

3 

S 

a 10 


(1 1*; 

73 
541 
511 
54 1 
0[ 36 1 
91S1 


l» 










Tliree Corporals, each 1^,1 







complete thUreRi--| 
s sipreaaed in the V 

urta of Guards kepi i 






l^g 





meiit, Bt the rales and uomtie 
Lioalensnl-Colonera company 


36,0 


13.322 1 


« 


Tiie and Can<ltc< for the novcral Co 


-ki 11 


(1 IM . 


„ 




ia regiment . . 




Tola] for U 


K 17A>?I 


4 



MS.HarleiaD No. 6425. Bnt. Mm. 



Eitabliabmenl of the Colditream Giikrds, from the Grat of Jannuy 
16^ ; contattiag of 770 Men, beaidea Officers, io tmelvB compaaiea 
of sixty in each, and tbe addition of a Granadier company of fifty 



Field and Staff Officen. 

Colonel aa Colonel 

lieutensDl - Colonel u Lientenuit-Colonel . 

Major aa Major 

Chaplain 

Adjutant 

Chirnrieou 4:, and one Mate If . 6il. 
Quirter-Maaterand Marahal, to be exaealad hj a\ 

Dnim-MajOT 



Captain .... 
Lieutenant 

Two Serjeanta, each 18d. . 
Three Coiponla, each i2d. 
Two I>rummerB, each iSd. 
SiztT Soldiera, each iOd, . 



in Companioa more, at the ai 



.e nomban and tatea - 



One Company of Cranadiera belonging to the Regiment. 

Captain 

Two Lientenanla, each it 

Three Seijeanla. each ISd 

Three Corporala, each lid 

Two Drununera. each ltd 

Fifty Gianadiera, oach Sd.' 



Total for thia regiment, with the Gianadiera 

" Memo. — Tbat aa any of the companies of the two re^menta of 
" Guards are or shall be garhfoned or qtiarlered in other places than 



APPENDIX. 

" the cilips of London and Wenimitisier and borougli of Soulhwark, 
" and tbereabouU, the pay of tlie privule Boldien of thnse companie* 
" HO absent from about London shall tben be but Sd. aday during luch 
" time as they shall so remain in other places as afDresaid." ' 

The repilalion of the weekly siibsistance for his Majesty's regimenta 1 
of Pool Guards, and for compleatiug the musters, is to be in tl 
ner following: 

To be paid, 4: a week to a private soldier. 

„ &■■ a week to a drurotner or torporaL 

,, 7>. a ireek to a Berjeaot. 

„ lOt. 6d. en ensign. 

„ 14.1. a week to a lieutenant. 

And all off-reckoninj[s and pay of y' several! officers ari 
pleatly satisfied and cleared according to the establish merit and master- 
rolla before j" end of the succeeding muslera, and general officer*, 
reformed officers, and pensioners, be qaarterlj paid, so thai one quarter 1 
be atill paid before the second becomes due. — War-Office. 



added t. 



a. and finding i( 



I nec^sssry thnt for 
laid eojnpiuiies of Grimadieni shull be gairiyonad or qnarlerod 
wilbin our ci Idea of London, Westminater, and borougli ofSoothwark.or Ihero- 
ibouta, Ibej be allowed the saniE pay as the other private soldien of thu aune 
rogimeotalo which the j belong, We do I hereforo hereby make and pot this oar 
I estBbliafament to rommenFe from the first day of April, 1684, norwithataiidiog 
any former directions to ihe conlrary. vii. 



1 beloDRing I 



regiment of Gaaids, each lOd. | 



Ettabliihtaentof tbeColdttresmGiunli, from tbefiT«t(ifHa7> 1680. 

CoBaiatiiif of f OBTteaB Conpaniei of ei^^ awB: u all 1190, hiiiilM 

OSeen. 



Field uid Suff Officen. 



Colcoel u Colonel 

LiealMBnt - Colonel u Lisatentnl-Colonel 

KI«jot M M*}or 

Chiplain 

Two AdjaODU, «cfa 4t 

Cbiraigeon 41.. lud two Matw, eacb Sl 6^. 

QuBiMr-dlMter 

Solicitoi to thia R^iiDeat ■ . . . 
Dnim-M«jor 



Another ComputT of Granadien, the H 



Ei^lT Printe Soldicn, euh 1(M. 



ElsTea Ctnnpaniei more, ml the nine Diunben >iid 
One Compviy ofGruiulien. 

Tfro Lieateaanu, e*eb 4i. .... 

Th>» Serjeanti. euh tSd 

Three Corponl*. eMh l*d 

Two Drammen, emcfa 1«d 

£igtitT Gmikdiers, eich UU 



File Rod Candle for Gnuda incloded in ■ lepuMe ei 



MS. Huleiko. No. 4B47. Brit. Hna. 



' The Solicitor pMfbrBad tbe d«tie» of RegtmeDtal Agent. 



The Pay of the Officer* of the ColtUtreain wu increued from the fiist 
of Janaiiy, leU, as Bhotm in Iha Warrant anoexed. 

William R. — Whereaa we hare thought fit to make the folloniiig 
additional allowance of pay to the Officera of our Colditream regi- 
ment of Foot Guards, Our will and pleaanre ia, that the ume do com- 
meDce from the firat day of January, 1^ indunTe, in the first year 
of our reign. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the ISth day of April, 
1691, ia the third year of our reign. 



To the Colonel as Colonel 

To the Liencenaat-Colone] si Lieatenont-Colonel 

To the Major «■ Major 

To foorteen CipUiiia at 6j, each , , . , 
Toaixteeo LieuteDeBtaat3i. each . . . . 
To tireWe En«igni at 9i. each 



Par 



MS. Harieian. No. 7437. Brit. Hni. 



A similar Warrant increasing the Pay of the Officers of (he First 
Foot Guards : dated the 10th day of January, 1681. 



APPENDIX. 



389 



266. 
COLDSTREAM REGIMENT OF FOOT GUARDS. 1695. 



Foot. C 


romps. 


Com*. 
Offr«. 


Non- 
com<i. 
Off^. 


i»ri- 
vate 
men. 


Toge- 
ther. 


Pay per 
Annum. 


Servant! 
allowed. 


. Servants 

* pay per 

Annum. 


Second 1 












<£' «• <i' 




£. t. d. 


Reg*. 


of M 


14 


51 


112 


1120 


1283 


27,511 17 6 


74 


1125 8 4 


Guards. J | 
















— 












Peraonalpay 




Com. 
Off*». 


Non- 
comd. 
Off». 


Pri- 
▼ate 
men. 


Ser- 
▼anta 

al- 
lowed. 


THS 8ICOND OR COLD- 
STREAM RBGIMBNT OF 
GUARDS. 


per Ann. of 
each Officer 
with his ser- 
vants, & each 
private man. 


Pay per 
Annum. 










r Colonel, 20f . ; 3 ser- T 


^. *. 


d. 


^. 


t. 


\d. 


1 


• 


6 


6 


1 Tanta, each lOd. ; as 
1 Captain, 14«.;3ser- 


711 15 





711 


15 










L vants, lOd. 


1 


















r Lieutenant-Colonel,*) 












1 




3 


3 


J 12s. ; as Captain, 1 
1 14*. ; 3 serrants, f 
L each lOd. J 
r Major, 8i. ; as Cap-' 


520 ; 2 

1 
1 


6 


530 


2 


6 


1 


• 


3 


3 


< tain, 14i. ; 3 ser- > 
t rants, each lOd. 


447 2 


6 


447 


2 


6 


1 


• 


• 


• 


Chaplain, 6t. Sd. . . . 


121 13 


4 


121 


13 


4 


1 


• 


• 


• 


Chyrurgeon, 4«. . . . 


73 : 





73 








2 


• 


• 


• 


/ Chymrgeons Mates, 1 
I e%cb Hi, 6d, J 


45 ! 12 


6 


91 


5 





9 


• 


• 


• 


Adjutants, each 4*. . . 
r Quarter-Master, 4«.; i 
1 6c one servant, lOd. J 


73 1 





146 








1 


• 


1 


1 


88 


4 


2 


88 


4 


2 


1 


• 


• 


• 


Solicitor, 4t 


73 








73 








1 


• 


• 


• 


Drumm-Major, 18d. . . 
' Captains, more, each ' 


ftr ' 7 

1 

i 


6 


27 


7 


6 


11 


• 


33 


33 


< 14f. ; and3 serrants } 
, atlOrf. 


301 


2 


6 


3,312 


7 


6 










r Lieutenants, each i 


1 










16 


• 


16 


16 


< 7<.; and one servant, > 
I lOd. 


142 1 19 

I 
1 


2 


2,287 


6 


8 


If 


• 


12 


12 


r Ensigns, each 5^. ; & i 
1 one servant, lOd. j 


106 i 9 

t 


2 


1,277 


10 





m 


4e 


• 


• 


Serjeanta, each 18d. . . 


S7 ; 7 


6 


1,149 


15 





• 


42 


• 


• 


Corporalls, each lid. . 


18 


5 





766 


10 





• 


28 


• 


• 


Drummers, each 19d. . 


Id 







511 








• 


• 


1016 


Private men, each lOd, 1.^ 


4 


2 


15,907 


18 


4 


51 


112 


1120 74 


1 


27,511 


17 


6 



Throughout the Army, the CoUoneU, Lieuteoaot-CoUonels, and 
Majors, are also paid as Captains. And they, as well as all other 
commission officers, have addiconall pay for their servants ;* of which 
the Establishments take no notice. 



* Extract from " Instructions to the Commissary-General of Musters," dated 
Whitehall, 4th December, 1660. 
Article 4. " That no Captain shall muster above two servants, a Lieutenant 
*< but one, and an Ensign but one, and those serviceable, and none elae any.'* 
VOL. II. 2 C 



390 APPENDIX. 

Id respect to the number of private men, viz. The Establishment 
setts forth, the whole number of private men to be 1120: whereas, in 
truth, as appears by this state, there is but 1046 effective men ; the re- 
maining 74 being only a fictitious number, and their pay amounting to 
£1125. St. 4d, per annum, distributed amongst the officers, as is par- 
ticularly herein sett downe. 

By which method there is in the whole army 5747 private men lesse ; 
and their pay, amounting to £107,545. 10«. lOd. per annum, the officers 
receive amongst them over and above their own personall pay. 

MS. Harleian. No. 1306. Brit Mus. 



Extract from a King's Warrant, dated Whitehall, 10th November, 1677. 
The pay of men under fictitious names as servants to officers to be discon- 
tinued ; and in future the Colonels of the two regiments of Foot Guards to be 
allowed to muster six servants a-piece, the Captains three a-piece, and the 
Lieutenants and Ensigns one soldier a-piece as servants, the Qaarter-Masters 
one servant in the Coloners company, or other company he appoints. 

Extract from a Letter, dated Whitehall, 23rd February, 1679. 
All servants are to appear at muster in proper arms, &c. 

Extract from Report of a Committee of the House of Commons, 1746. 
1699. Three servants from each company of Foot deducted, which had been 

esteemed part of their personal pay. ^Till about the end of James's reign, 

officers' servants were obliged to appear at musters in the ranks, clothed and 
accoutred. 



APPENDIX. 



391 



An Abstract of tbe Amount of y' Off- reckonings for the Coldstream 
Regiment of Foot Guards for the year 1695.' 

[Extract.] 



Tbe Se- 
cond or 
Cold- 
stream 
Reg. 



The fall 
amount of 
the off- 
reckon- 
ings. 



6101 11 8 



The de- 
duction of 
12 pence in 
the pound. 



973 7 



The de- 
duction oflcers 
one day's 
pay for the 
Hospitall. 
(Chelsea. ) 



53 6 4 



To theoffi- 
forthe 
off-reckon- 
ings of 
their 
servants. 



^94 6 IIJ 



The de- 
duction of 
2 pence in 
the pound 
tor agency. 







Neat off- 
reckonings 
to be paid 

to the 

clothiers 

yearly. 



4780 17 9} 



For the full otf-reckoninga 
of 42 Serjeants at S$» 6d., 
42 corpormlls and 28 drum- 
mers at St., and 1130 men 
at Is. lOd. each per week, 
for 52 weeks and 1 day, 
amounts to 

Whereof poundage for their 
whole pay being ^19,460 
lis. 8d. is 

One day's pay for the Hos- 
pitall (Chelsea) 

Remains to be issued to the 
affent . . . 

To be by him applyed, viz.- 

To the off-reckonings of 74 
serrants, at Is. ICkf. each 
per week, for 52 weeks 
and 1 day, amounts to 

Deduct poundage of the full 
pay of the servants,^1125 
8s. 4rf. is ... 

One day's pay for the Hos- 
pitall (Chelsea) 



► 



973 
53 



Remains to the officers for 1 
their senrants . . . j 

And for the contractors for i 
cloathing . . . ./ 



7 
6 4 



6101 11 8 



56 



5 5 
1 8 



1026 6 
3075 4 



2M 6 
4780 17 



11 
9 



353 14 Oi 



59 7 1 



in 



W75 4 9 



•4780 17 9\ 



Thus, for 
the Second 
Regiment 
of Foot 
Guards, 
rcallM the 
Coldstream 
Regiment) 
consisting 
of 14 com- 
panies, of 
80 men in 
each, be- 
sides offi- 
cers . . 
• Note. — Tlie Establish- 
ment allows pay for an 
agent to this and the 
First Regiment of Foot 
Guards : soe no agency 
is there charged, as is 
in all the other regi- 
ments on the English 
estnblishment. 



MS. Ilarleian. No. 1306. Brit. Mus. 



> The King's Warrant establishing new regulations in regard to the Off- 
reckonings, to take effect from 1st January, 169}, is dated Camp at Becelaer, 
17th June (O. S.) 1695.— War-Office. 



Eitabliahment of the Coldstream, froii) the tireiily- sixth uf Mnrcb, 
I6Q9; consisting of fourteen companies of forty private men in each; 
in all 560, besides officers. 













Per 
Diem. 


Per 


Colonel •» Colonel 1 . 

Inlieaorhixeryinis I 

J.i«uteniu]t-Coloiiel as Lieulennnl-Colonal . . . 
M.jorM Major 

Chirui^eOD4(., nndoDcMUeSt. ed. . ... 

Adiulnnt 

(iuuttf-MwlCT 

Soliciior to this regiment . . . ... 

Drnm-M»ior . 

DcputT-Munihiil 


J. 

i) 


J:- 

1 













6 

4 
i 
4 

1 


S 
6 



6 



J.- 
SSJ 

146 
«l 

73 
73 

«7 
18 


8 




.5 




i 





4 
6 



6 





3 


9 


4 


l.«65 


6 


8 


Cpliiin 

rnlieuofhi«Mry.nts . . 
Lieulennnl .... 

Inlieuofhi.servBnl . 
Kama 

InlieuofhiRBervsnt . 
Two ^erjeinta, tmch I8d. 
Two CorporsU, each lid. 
Two UrumnierB. eoch ISrf. 
Forty priTnle men, eacli lOiJ. . 






. 1^ 


i} 

»} 
.b) 





A 





1 


15 
7 

a 


8 
ID 

a 


4 


305 

106 
5i 
36 
36 

6UB 


19 
9 
15 

10 
1( 


4 
1 
I 



8 


Eleven Compimies more, nt the aume numbers nnd rates 


3 

38 




fl 
fl 



15 
3 
L 


a 

R 


1,271 
13.963 


a 

I 

i( 

6 


^ 


UttorapBDjofCnmadie™. 

Csplain 

rnliPU0fhi»een'ant8 . . . 
Two Lieutenants, each 7i. . . 

In lieu oftheir seriaata. eiich lOd. 
Two Serjeuits, each lUd. 
Two Corporis. e«ch ISd. . . 
Two Drummers, esch Viil. 
Forty (irQUBdiera, each liW. . 






i) 
= 1 


54 
36 
36 
608 


4 
4 




3 




8 


1,307 


18 


4 




3 


I 




t,3or 


18 


4 


Total for 365 daj> . . . . 


.i3 






iy,i38 


3 


4 



[In the ealablisbmenta, from 2ath April, 1700. to?4th June, 171.1, the 
pay of the regulated number of non-efrective men was allowed to the 
officers as before, and the allonnnce in lieu of serranls withdrawn.] 



Establishmentof IheColdatreani from tbe IwcDty-fuurlliof Jut 
ronsistingoffonrteen companies of forty private men in each 
694, oiGcera included. 



Field and Staff OScsn. 








Per 
U-y. 


For 
IM Days. 


Colonel » Colaael l\''. 


d. 









3 


4. d 

t 6 
1 i 
6 
6 B 
6 6 
i 
4 
* 

I t 


J. 

73 
61 
.•O 
36 
36 

IJ 
9 

MS 





Lieuleoant-ColoDol aa Lieu tenant- Colonel . 

Major u Major- 

Chaplnin . ... 








Chinirgeon 4i., and one Male I.. 6d. . . 

One Adjutant 

Qoartsr-Maater 

Sobcitor to this regiment .... 

Drom-Mnjor 

Deputy- JlarabaJ 

Gob Company. 


. tt 


i] 

■i) 
.i} 





5 
4 

3 






6 6 

7 10 
510 
3 

i 

.' 
6 


Ul 

7S 
53 1 

fr 1 

18 

.106 L 


6 


UeuteoBot 

Inlienofbiaierrant 

Xnaign 

Two Serjeant*, e.cb 18d. ''.'.'.'. 

Two CorponJa. each l&l 

Two Drammert. each lid 

Forty private meo. each 1(M 


. 7 


1 i 

3 i 
3 
B 

a 

3 4 




fiia 1 






3S 


5 6 


71W 1 





Isl Company of GranaiJiera. 




i 
I 



t 6 

3 (1 

i d 

i 

3 4 


IM 1 

J7 IS 

18 

306 1 








1 




Two LieutenanU, each 7i. 

U lieu of their aerranta, each IW. 
Two SerjeiDIa, eacli IBd. 
Two Corporals, each Itfd. 
Two Drmnmera. each ISJ. . 




B 




4 




3 1 
^1 


i 6 


6ii7 
667 "t 





Total for 1S4 day a .... 


sa 


«|| moS ll 


. 



smilled in Itie 



I appoinlad SSth Apol, UU, hU 



2at. 

Establish men t and Rales of Pay of the Coldstream Guards, from 
35th Hay, I71f7 ; consisting (if 20 coupaDies of 85 private men ia 
each : iu all, 3214 men, officers iucluded. 







Per 


For 






Uien.. 


36a Days. 


Field aud Suit Officer.. 




T^ 












£. 


.. rf. 


£. 


>. 


rf. 


Colooelas Colonjl./I ; and in lieuofhis wn 


anU.li.Gd. 




s!ii 


41U l'« 









i\ 


J19 


« 


I> 


Two M.iori «s Majora. encb a 'i> 




(1 


,.1. 


Wl 


c 











8 




14*. 








guBtlBt-Muler . 4 Hi 
Aliowanc* . . 1 Of 







' 


8 


Il» 


a 


4 


Surgaon . . . . 






!.■* 




«-.■) 


lA 


a 


Three Aaaistaat BurgsoiiB. 1 ^ „ 







15 


^ 




■J 


« 


Koliciior '. '. . . 




(1 


-t 











Drum-miior 










17 


7 


i> 


UoputT Munball 












ft 




AUonuice in lieu of Ibt> C1u.plmu'> pay> 







ij; B 


lai 




4 


Csptain, !■!«.; in lieu of hi< «fT«nI(, 3.. 6J 




.'. 


7 4 


1,938 


H, 


T 




( 


IS 6 


^r. 


g 


LieutetUDI. U. ; in lien ut lU eervuni, IIU. 








I-K,!-* 




£niip]. Si. -, in Uau of hii itetTuut. itU. 


rf. ' 


' 


-5 10 


lOb 


9 


« 


FiTB Sennanti, each . . 1 10 l ., 

AddiliDTinlpiiy . . 6]/ ' 

Fi»e Corpurnla. each . 1 a 1 , 





1 
ll,>, 


.18 


1! 


61 


"1 


1 


"[^ 


..-^ 


19 


ei 


Two DruDimera, eucli . 1 <' 1 < 
Aitditiunid p»T .55);' 


5J 


< 


iJU) 


5.T 


19 


H 


NinelT-Uiu privales, eucli ■ 1« 1 , 
Ailditionafp-r . 61 ' 


4 





(i u 


!3I 


1S| 4 






• 


Kl 


;),Hi)tii(j (<i 


Allowunce lo the itiilowa . . 1 


B 1 










to Ihe Culoiii'l, i>nU fori , 


''i 




1 






elullijng lost bjr denTr.-rs. (Vc. f 








5 


AUox-anto ni tlie C.ijjtaiu f«r He- 1 , 


,jf 








cruiling. »o. / ' 






1 




1 


AUuwiince to the SEent . u 


■iiJ 








\_ 






"^ 


5^ 


3;JB0 


It Oi 


Fifteen Companios mors 




138 


IB 1 


50,7«1 


'33 






111- 


.: 


4 


M,ua 




s 



EslablitbmeDt and Rate* of V»j of the Cotdrtream Gnairds, from 
25th May, I7OT ; coptUting of 20 companies of 95 private men 
in eacb : id all, 2314 men, officers included. —Canliaued. 









I'er 
Diem. 


For 
;VB Day!. 


One Comp 
Captsia, l-li. ; in lieu o 
TwoLieuienBi]tB,e>cL7 

FiTo SoTJoants, each 

Fit* Corporols, eacb 

Additional pay 
Two Dnimmeni, each 

Additional pay 
Two Fife.*, eaefi 

NinBly-fi.epriYstemen 
Additional pay 


any of G 

bisaerv 
.; in lien 

each 


BroDBbl forward 
renadiera. 
anta, «>. ed. . 
oflheir»er«ant»,lj.Bd 

.. d. 1. d. 

h to • ^ 
'.%}' ^ 


4l- 






15 

6 
5 


i 

8 

H 
"S 




M,1B0 

3U1 

sia 

1.311 


16 

e 

18 

IS 

19 
19 
13 

5 
3 

10 
10 


8 

6 

4 

4 




3;srs 


10 



One Company more orCteoadien . 


B 

a 



! 

* 

191 


11 

16 
11 

6 


8 


3.470 
3.470 


10 
10 


OneCompuiyofLiB 
Captain. 1*..; in lieu of hiaserv 
TwoLienleaanta, eacb 7j.; in lieu 

Five Serjeana, each . 

Addiuonalpay 
Five Corporals, each . 

Additional pay 

Additional pay 
Ninety-five private men, each 


t Infantry. 

mxa-tt-ed. 
oftbeirBervanW.ii.8rf 

4. d. 1. d. 

i ^,} . ^ 


a 

Si 

Til 

a 


!B5 

153 

is 

«;iii 


« 

19 
Iff 


6 

4 

9i 


Allowances lo widowa, &c., s> before 


3,3iS 
91 


6 


s* 


One Company more ofLigll Infantrr 


S 


l\ 


.s.4u; 

3,4Hi 


u 


i 


ToUlforthiaR«>giment . 
AUowaDce for cloibiag Dnunmere and Hantbois 


f 


69313 
17* 


17 


1 
6 



[Tbe preceding rates were subject lo the rollowiog stoppages, on ac- 
coDiil of the off-reckoninf(S for clothing, poundage, agency, and diet- 
sea Hospital, tie. ; 

From tbe pay of eacb Serjeant Od. a day, leaving li. K^.adaynetpaj 
„ Corporal 31 „ „ 1 ^ „ „ 

n Drummer Sj „ „ 1 21 „ „ 

„ Private 3 „ „ 1 1 „ « 



Eitabliihment and Ratei of Pay of the Coldstream Gu&rds, from 
2aih June, 1806 ; contistiiig of 20 companies of 1S3 pfi»«tM in 
each ; io all, 2BS7 men, officera inclnded. 



Field snd Staff OffiMra. 
Colonel /l.l*i.,«<idiiilieo of bii«rT»nt»5i. 
Lieul-Col. jl.&. ditto Si.6J. 
Two Mnjoo. e.ch ^1. a.,, ditto eich a.. 6d. 

Surgeon -Mtjor 

B«ltalion Surgeon 

Font Assi»liint-Surgeon>. eKih 7(. 6d. . . 


Each. 1 Per Diem. 


For 
965 THy. 




i 6 
' 6 


I 

1 

I 



« 


19 

a 

9 

10 



4 
6 
6 
5 


I 









6 


3«0 
894 
365 

n9 

547 
36* 
S37 

li 
115 
115 
91 
37 


1. 

5 

5 
11 
11 

a 

7 


d. 

6 






■Tva OuBiier-Muterii, euch 4t. 8d.. allow- ) 

■nc^ 1.. Kti. each ) 

Solicitor 

Depuiy-MaMhal , . ■ ■ ;,. ' 
Two Seriaant-Mmor.. e.=h U. lOrf.. .ddi- t 

tional poY U id > 
Two ynwier-Mmrer SenMnti, each 1». 1 

''alsKSs.'^'-"' """'•""■■} 

Drum-M*joT 




6 6 

3 2 
H 6 

710 

!il 

1 4 







8 
B 

6 




.. 


15 


8 


4J0O 

301 
285 
lOb 
211 
8.993 


9 

16 
9 

4 
19 

2 
8 


5 


4 


One Company. 

Captain l-l(.,iuidtDlieu of his nervnnU a. ed. 

ihsir eervanls eieh lOil. J 
Jnii afl..,alLdinliBU0thiaaerTanll0d. . 
SeTenSer]ts..<!aitbb.lUi). addttioDut paySd. 
S«»eii Corporals, e«ch li. ■*(!.. mid', pay 6W. 
Two Drummera. each !(., additiOHiil pay ijd. 
One linndrpil anil iwtnty-lhree Priratea, t 











11 


lb 
17 

4 

14 

1 


6 

lil 
5 

'A 


6 

3 
6 


Allon-anco to the widows .... 
Ditto to the Colonel and for clothing 1 
lost by deserters / 

Allowance <o the Captain for rerruiiing, &c. 
Ditto to the Agent .... 


3U 
10 


1 
4 

51 


Total for OH" Compimy . 
FifteflQ Companies more of (be like numbers and rates 


1?^ 


4J69 


I 


. 




IQl 


J, 


fi9.9f>o 


13 


4 



APPENDIX. oy* 

EitablubmeDt and Rates of Pay of tbe Coldstream Guarda, from 
26th June, 1806 : consistiog of 20 companies of 123 privBteB in 
each : in all, 2887 men, officers included. — Conlinurd. 













ScT«nSeri< 






Se»en Corporis, each li. W., ilo. Jo 
IVo Drummera, euch U., da. do 


SU 




escb Ij.. do. df 




Udb huDdr 






«ch lOd. 






Allomuice 


o (he widows, to Ibe Calonel. 


C«pt»in, 




e 



Toiul for one Compaoy of Grenidiei 
Vne Compi. of (irenBdieTB mare oflhe like 
numbers and ntea 



,1 m 



One Con 



•f Ligbt Infiinlry. 



CaptuD t-b., ud in lieu nfhis BerranU S>. M. 
tliree Licuf.. eBcli7t., ditto each serranl lOd. 
Sei ea Serj>., ench li. lUd., additional pi) Sd. 
SerenCotparali, earbli. td.. do. do. tild. 
Two Dramme™. each !>.. do, do. ^d. 

One hundred and twentj-tfarea priratea, 1 
each lUd., gdditionsl puTtid. / 



I, to the Col., Capt.. and Agen 



Total for the two Light tolantry Companies 
,. two Grenadiot CompaDifa 

.. siiteea Battalion CompiinieB 

Field and Staff Officers 
Allowance for tbccloihiag of Dtununers and lUuthotn 
Id three Field Officers remorod from Iheirl 
companies, each ^75 / 

AlloH-nnce for KTeit-coatB to the oun-cominissiuned ] 



I 8,SI1 14 
8,919 I.-i 

6fl.SiO!l i; 



. Wl 



W.73T li 



Additional pay to corponU and priralM, at Id. "I 

a dajr lAor u*en, and 3d. aRer fourteen yeara' I 

senrice, commencing from Uth June, t806. J 

War-Office. 

[The preceding rales were inbject to the following atoppagei. on ac- 
count of the olT-reckonings for clotbin|c, poundage, agency, and Chelaea 
Hospital, Tiz., from the pay of each SUIT Serjeant nnd Seijeant M. a 
dny, corporal and drummer SIdL, aad privates M.] 



^^^^o9{i^^^^^^^ APPENDIX^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^K ^^^^^^^1 


^m <H^^^I 


^H (CampiUd from Official Doeumenls In Ibe Sate- Paper Office, Bntuh Mtueum, aad Wai-Ofio*.} 






.SS 3 


H 


























— ■« 


E- 






















I 1 


<. 


3ill 


IIIH 


ill 


i 




t 


1 


J 


1 


i 


1 




H Ji-ly 


fS,' 


3 7 10 


10 . 5 1 


1 1 . 


1 




iO 


»» 


1000 


1107 




Drafted from then-gU. in 


^H itiM 
























Raised lo tlie aaine etti- 


■ Aug 


Dec 


3 ?I0 


10 . 8 I 


1 1 ■ 


1 




M 


30 


JO 


1200 


1307 




^M iKW 


i(i5if 
























rBgts.il. ScollMid. A w»|- 




9« 
























«nn -muster also added. 


H it^ 


Julil 


13 710 


10 . a 1 










io 


TO 


1000 


ilW 




Keduced *> men .Bh 


ia« 
























company. 


^P 




























■^ a 


Oct 1 


3 710 


10 . 1 I 










JO 


» 


sot) 


900 




rhe w9ggon-m«ter and » 


Ifija 
























men per comp. reduced. 




























and quarter- mntler and 




























poroBt- marshal ■■ anilsd 


15 


eo 


























Ool 


Duel 


3 7 10 


10 . 1 I 








» 


3t 


20 


740 


84S 








ifisr 

Nov 
























privates in «cli cotnp. 


Dpc 


1633 


.1 7 10 


10 . 1 1 








10 






TOO 


7tA 




llie corponls.l dnmunar. 


1657 


























iind 4 privaiea ia eKb 
comp. reduced: S pri- 

corporalB, will af, Td" 


Dec 


sr. 


























9() 


Jnn 1 
leti; 1 


(13 710 


10 - 1 1 
10 1 1 1 








50 




10 


1900 
1001 


ISM 


12 


Ihepri rote men increu- 
ed by General Mootk 

allored by ngulitiiu, 

dated Whiteh,ll, Dee.*. 
l(«>;c»pt«.2,lieoU.uid 
ensigns 1 e«;h. 


160! 


























ment as a reginenl of 
Guards, Regimenbd adj. 


Msr 


























appointed in June 1661. 


Iftil 


Miyl 


3 7 10 


10 1 1 1 










■» 






1606 




■■son men added for wa- 


l()l>7 


















sou 






serviee," 


11 


£'' 


2 3 919 


I* 1 1 1 








M 


3£ 


•5 


1300 


vm 


W 


added. 


13 


«i 


























June 


Sep 1 


I 3 912 


13 1 1 1 








36 






1800 


1338 


50 


An BuRmentntion of I fn. 
and 50 privstee to eacli 




l»iR 


























3 
























company. 


Sept 


■Vleyl 


" 3 912 


IS 1 1 1 










36 




9(10 


I0B5 


50 


1 serj. and 70 priratos in 




157i' 
























encb company, and tb. 


4 


15 
























Colgnel'scomp.TBdu eed. 


Mny 


Not 


3 91i 


1! 1 1 i 








6 


9 


6 


iw 




Vt 




IW3 

1 -' 


HJ7I 












W 


W 


8 


882 






the asme. but*W h^^^ 
ihe 9comp9, in and abcut 
and 18 priiatea each. 


B Nov 


M.r1 


3 9t* 


It 1 1 1 








33 


33 


22 




1117 


yi 


llie 11 companies ia and 


^H Iti72 


lejj 
















2 


li« 






about London reduced 

lo BO priyates a comp. 
'rhe rompan) ordered on 
loreisn service aUEiawil- 


k 


1 






' 1 1 ed to lU). j 



ESTABLISHMENT.— Coi>(>->ml. 







1 


f;^ 


5 


H 






























1 


I^ 


i " 


-H 




s 


; 


1 






i 


i 










1 




t 


■'x 


11 ' 


= 1 


1 


1 


1 


1 








1 


1 


^ 








^ 


^ 


cZ 


u a i. 


■< » 


iS ; 




» 


= 






" 


o 


^ 


i^ 


£ 




Mot 


Mai 




3 


9 1S!1 


1 1 


~' 










i* 


33 


ia 


770 


996 


x 


1 8Bn. Slid 10 priralM of 
rac£ of tLe 11 Dompuiaa 


lu7] 


167J 




















.-! 


^ 


9 








111 


































Apr 


Jan 


u 


s 


9 lit 


1 » 














M 


94 


7<:(i 


Mr, 


50 


I'he rifgi. reduced to 60 


IdT'l 


V 
































priraiea a cDmpiiiy. 


Jim 


Jan 


IV 


3 


9 IS I 


1 > 


1 


1 I 








3«i 


^ 


,.,», 


1337 


&1 




lo7i 


1071 
































aDd40priial>ai«ch Oum- 
puny. Tie colcFnel al- 
loired 6 Mrranu. Geld- 






































































oBi«f»ande»pw.3e,«ll. 




































lieuU., vatigas, and ibt 




































quarlcr-maaier 1 etch: 




































wu-rant JHled Kot. 10. 


16 


Apr 


































u« 


ie79 


to 


3 


nv-OKi 


a * 














b(l 






««t 


105 


a uew oomp.. addad. A 


leri 








1 1 














3 


3 




lOL 


luy 


i 


freaadier comp, fonud 
ui ApHl 167B: wacraot 
to ra«e it. dated ManA 


iUr 


31 
































30. 


ICTS 

1 


Dec 
1679 

31 




3 


91il 






1 1 








94 


36 


" 


7iU 


84.) 


64 


Allib<>iiewTai»dc<>ii>pa. 

diab.uded ; nnd liie old 
FuiDpa.rrduredlofonnar 


Ji.n 


Dec 




3 


9 18 1 


1 1 












K4 


36 


M 


rw 


BJli 


« 


Adnim-iiu)(irrpplEcedD& 


isa 


IdBj 
12 


































Jan 


IS 


3 


gill 


1 1 












^ 


Jfi 


»l 


7S0 


907 


69 


A greBadier comp. added 


'8' 


168. 






1 a 














3 


3 


s 


30 






ftom l.t Januaijr. 


Jun 


Jul) 
16B.J 


■ 


3 


9IS1 
1 9 


1 1 




' 1 








If 
3 


« 


M 


IWX 


1«9 


69 


Heeniiled to 3 aeiimito 
aod 100 pritatea swik 


ici 


U 
































compaiiy. 


July 


July 




3 


9HIL 






1 1 








» 


lo 


M 


96' 


nag 


69 


^ primtBB in «ach comp. 


iiiss 


16SS 






1 i 














3 


3 




t>C 








55 


31 


































JuIt 


Dw 




3 


yisi 


1 1 












U 


M 


il 


7901 


917 


69 


IJaerjK.sndSfiOpriratM 


1 


i6ia 

31 






1 M 














3 


^ 


* 


!/■ 






di«bauded. 


JiHI 


Aug 




3 


'J IS I 


1 1 














J6 


*4 


suni 


1189 


69 


JO priraies ■ comp„ and 


"? 


ibsa 

30 






1 * 














S 


3 


* 


IHI 






Iwri. to euch batulini 
eomp.. added. 


Sfp 


.Apr 




3 


1.1 16 1 


i 1 












w 


18 


39 


tm 


l5i» 




four oen- cotnp^ .ddtd 




i(ja9 






1 S 














3 


^ 


* 


ao 






from Sepi.l, and an addi- 
tjcjaal adj. and aargMu'i 
mMe ffom Nov. I. 


May 


Jul; 




3 




3 1 












To 


i(i 






I'je: 






IdBP 


ItPU 






9 4 














6 


" 


^ 


161 






mid a 9d. grenadier Muap. 
fiTined. The aoHeiKib 
»howa.prBVOi..lyi»a 

















































































































































ESTABLISHMENT. -C.«(»(u«/. 








VIM 




















1 


OBn 




; 




■1 


i 










J 


=11 


i 


2 




-n ^^ ^ iii 


Uii i 




^1 


I 


^ 


■3 


I 


1 


1 


liyiJiii 


mil 


■= 
^ 


™ 


IB 


S5 


~ 






" 




, 








July 


Mar 




3 










. ixKOB 9Bia 


1141 


a An adjuunt. ■ Boi^ewiV 


1698 


1699 




















m»le, and 10 men a eoinp. 
reduced. Two tarrnu 
oalf a11o«ed to Mcb cap- 


S6 


M 




















B A further reduction of 1 


,M>r 


Juu 


M 


3 


11 


16 


« 




11111 


118 £818 560 


694 


J699 


1700 




















5 .erj.,lCOrp.. ,od»ph. 
tatea m treryrtmfuy. 
Servants (o uflteen d«- 
contmued. A depol,- 
marthil placed oo rlu 


M 


31 






















June 


Msj 


1 




9 


IS 








, it HM 600 


B58 


I'be batti>lioB<»n>pa.nt- 

* n>emedIOa.«.„.«p., 

and the two r>B>d»i 


1700 


17W 






! 


4 






















































comps. 1 Mij,. I BMP., 
























and 90 priratea eadi. 




31 




















Servniiu re.»llow«d. 


luae 


M>i 


i 






16 


1 




1 1 1 1 1 


1 19 19 9S B4U 


1009 


iBl Serjeant. 1 (WTpoTal.nJ 


irm 


170. 




















uf the bululion coDpi- 


Apr 


Apr 


1 


3 


1 


16 


19 




11111 


149 19 at 98« 


1143 


4Anau(nii»iiti.tiooora*4 


1705 


171 




















udjutant, and 10 priTdei 
to all ibe rompi. Thm 
atfr»ouag..in allowed U 
captains of eomp... fro* 


























*! 




















Dee. 15. 1710, 


Apr 


Oct 




4 




16 


12 






1 K f: M SfiU 


1143 


4 A lid major appoimed. n- 


1711 


1719 




















Eaiaing his rontpuijt. 


ticl 


Mty 


,, 


4 


la 


16 


13 




1 11111 


1 « 1? a) 8-MI 


ioo;ir 


4 10 priratea a conip. n- 


171* 


1713 




















dciced. 


« 
























M»T 


)U1( 


14 




10 


16 


I! 




1 1 1 1 1 1 


!«98a8 SdU 


634 


A further reduction of an 


17ld 


irii 




















adj., lMrj..l Corp.. a<Hl 
ID pnratea mich dubid. 
Serr«iitB finaUy iitom- 


M 


ts 




















tlnued. 


i?ls 


Sepi 
1716 


IB 


* 


14 


90 


16 




111 11 


1 iiliSfi'kl 790 


B90 


Four new comps. .dded. 






















Sepl 


Aug 






14 a, 






1 1-111 


1 >( M :>6 1960 


468 




H 1715 

H 


1716 




















adjutunt, ■ mole, t ten^ 
lcorp..&30pri»««il. 




S3 




















each company. 


■ Aug 


Xo» 


IB 


4 


14 


a> 


6 






1 M M 56 1170 


378 


Ordered ■' to mnitw O 


■ 1716 


1717 




















pnvaleB^^r comp. TraB 


^B 


<4 




















H Not 


Jan 


IS 




14 


so 


16 


f 


1 I 9 1 1 1 


1S6S4% SS9 


079 


rhe%.i-Wi,hme..l W be 


^H 1717 


17^ 




















raduodd, and lo coosut of 
S leijeanls. 3 eoiponli, 




D*i= 


18 


4 


4 


u 


6 


J 


1 19 111 


l54M36IO«t 


I»l . 


valea earh comptiDT. 
1 Serjeant and 8 pnnlri 


H '^ 


7M 




















added lo each rompM,. 
A provost -marsbal tothe 
three regiments of F»M 
Guards i.[ ,'!.. pet diem, 


ll 


1 


L 














J 


95, 1791. 



APPENDIX. 
ESTABLISHMENT.— OatMMrf. 







































i- 






3 






1^1 






^ 


















i 


-T 










Sj 




1 


1 














1 


^ 


^ 






4 
i 


i 
1 


i 
t 


5^ 


Mi 




1 


1 






i 


1 




V5 


31 


































Dae 
1785 




IB 


* 


14 


M 


16 


e 




1 S 1 






J4 


5* 


36 


lun 




'dS" ""—"'»- 


FA. 




4 


14 


W 


16 


a 




1 a 1 






J* 


54 


30 


loeo 


1188 


Aupnenled four pTiriUi 


F 


17i9 
































e.ch corapui,. 




Feb 




■* 




iO 


16 






I S 1 






^4 


54 


So 


900 




Reduced 10 privim etch 


Feb 


Feb 


le 


4 


14 


to 


16 


t 




1 3 1 






54 


5* 


3o 


loeo 


1SS8 


AucmeDtnl to prirmtM 


,^ 


'5? 
































each coropmiy. 


rVb. 

W3J 


1731 


IS 


4 


14 


to 


16 


* 




. K 1 






54 


54 


3b 


1^ 


1468 


Dills ; talking t4ch comp. 


li 




































Ju 


l^c 


le 






10 


16 


I 




1 a I 






M 


>4 


3d 


1080 


1^ 


Reduced 10 priTitei per 


t73| 


1739 
































SS 




































ITS! 


SS 


18 


* 


1+ 


HI 


16 


« 




a 1 






>1 


54 


% 


i*ra 


I486 


ADgmented 11 pnTslee 


t8 


es 


































M., 


Sept 


! 


« 


7 
















n 


« 




639 


745 


I«t bntt. on roreign wr- 


174» 


1745 










8 












*7 


17 


IB 


639 




An iidditioD«) qr.-mMUi 






































































■nd BurgeOD* mile ap- 


S4 

Sept 


3 
Oct 


la 


^ 


^^ 


*0 


16 


* 




1 3 1 




1 


M 


M 


X 


I??8 


1488 


B!.IhbDtt>lioiuelhMDS. 


Uet 


174J 


































Deo 


la 


4 


H 






« 




1 3 1 






rs 


r* 


Mi 


ISOU 


»H6 


1 «erj., 1 Corp., ind t9 


1745 


1746 
































pririlni added to elch 


^ 


J4 
































campiiiF. 


Dec 


Dec 


IS 


4 




Kl 


16 


1 




1 3 1 




t 


'« 


7S 


56 


16m 




Reduced 10 man ■comp.; 
e.ehloc™i«of*«»r,.: 




I74fi 




































































95 


































and »> priTKlet. 


Dsc 


Feb 


18 


4 


14 


ao 


16 


! 




I 3 1 






54 


54 


K 


iceo 


IWO 


lierj.. leorp-.andaOpR- 


1748 


'J? 
































VHte^percmp.redoS. 


Fjh 


18 


4 


14 


10 


16 


I 




1 I 1 




1 


36 


51 


36 


664 


10*4 


A futtterreductioDoftb* 


1 


17S5 
14 
































Tonngestqr.-muler.uid 

ler,. uid 12 piiT«tei ■ 
compiOT. 


Apr 


Dec 








« 


16 


J 




* 1 




1 


54 


Si 


36 


1*60 


1468 




17S5 


17.« 
































pnralefl e.ch compu,,. 


Dm 


Jnl, 


IS 


4 


14 


10 


16 


« 




>1 




, 


S4 


M 


40 


H60 


147* 


4 lifen added to the tiro 


i7se 
It 


1759 
0?, 
































groniidiei compiniea. 


18 


4 


14 


to 


16 


* 




V 1 




1 


54 


7! 


40 


1440 


1670 


AQ|n.eritedlconi.indlO 


1739 


17i9| 
































pn»iite» escb compUT. 


M.r 


IB 


4 


14 


to 


16 


( 




t 1 




1 


7S 


7» 


40 


6«) 


868 




17H 


1700 
































1 «er], and 10 privatea m 
comp. 





H^ KSTABLISHMENT.-CM/'fninf. ^^H 






1 


r-'y . 


i 


I 


|!'' ' '" ■" 


' "1 1 




■ 








■^x S 














W I 




■i 


ill 


is i 




h -; ■ 


J i 1 1 1 




^^H 


I 


iS 


't 


aJ a 


2 di ^ 


: 


^ -'"- ' -f - 


_ ? ^ ". " ^ *■ 


A 


^^^ 


8 


24 


















Mb 


Mnr 






(llfi * 




1 3 1111 


. . 7s r* « lea 


«M9 


iDnkiug enclj to amaal 


17li( 


171i3 


































of 100 private*. An uldi- 


^L- 


















tionol surgeon 'a naW 


H u 


S4 


















H Ma. 


177B 


18 


i 14 


t0t6 t 




1 a 1 1 I 1 


. . 54 5410 ue. 


1058 


A Burgeon's mate, and i 
aerj., 1 corp., and iS pri- 
vates in each comp. nh 
duced.— l« serjeMii*, It 
corporaU. 4dniBin«i,* 
Bfrrs, iind S70 prinla^ 
drafted, ia Mnrth I77(, 

America, ud tha UW 


tb 


S4 
















numbar «cnut«l. \ 




Juw 




4 14 


loie * 


1 


1 a 1 1 1 I . 


. . 60 61 W low 


130j 


6 lerjeanta and 7 cocpta 




171U 
















raU Hdded ; and IS pij. 


to 


43 
















vales to each compuT. 


Juix- 


Srp 


le 


4 14 


■016 2 




1 e 1 1 1 1 . 


. . 54 54«l IWo 


105B 


Hie some number n- 


17ft 


1787 
















duced. 


9 


Nov 
17B7 
9 


18 


4 14 


016 H 


' 


1 a 1 1 1 1 . 


. . 54 73 10 lOJfb 


lOfi 


AnnugnientationoriMr- 
ponila..d 10 privattau 
each compaOT. 


Nov 


Maj 


18 


4 14 


B16 S 




1 S I 1 1 1 . 


. . 54 WW 840 




A reduction of Ihs MM 


1787 


i79n 
















number. 






















W«y 


Ocl, 


18 


4 14 


«16 i 




1 2 1111. 


. . 54 72 10 109b 


U.i6 


corporal and 10 prirOM 


1790 

8 
Oot. 


1790 
















idded to each comp«i,. 


Nov 


18 


4 14 


016 a 


a 


1 * 1 1 1 1 . 


. ; TS 7S 40 1206 


H,i-. 


A fnrtliBr augmenlaliim 


1791) 


1790 
















ofl aerj. and l<lpriva[<4, 
to each compuiy. AMi 
qr.-maaler added f«m. 
Oct. 15,thelMbattBlitiB- 






































being under order* fix 


10 


W 
















foreign aervioe. 
The Hd qr.-mnater, 1 tn],, 


Noi- 


Feb 


IB 


4 14? 






1 S I I 1 1 . 


. . 54 M40 84*1 


1058 


179U 


179!( 
















1 corporal, uid SO pri., 


S4 


•/I 
















ducpd. ; 


Feb 


Dec 


8 


4 14 V 


16 S 


1 




. . 54 51 to 79-j; 




A reduction of 3 pnvmlMI^ 


179t 


179* 
















a company. ^ 






















Dec 


Jan. 


18 




(116 J 


1 


1 :! t 1 1 1 . 


. . 54 MM) 97M 


1184 


ur- • "H 


179i 


1718 


















M 


















Jon. 


Jim. 


18 


4 11 




1 




, . 7« 7S 10 ISTB 


15S6 


aerj., 1 porp.. and tf| 


17« 


17ia 
















privates added to «a 


25 


6 
















eompony. 


Juffi 


Aug 




4 16 


416 S 




1 ! 1 I t 1 . 


. . 80 B0M14S0 




Volight infantry coapt.: 


1793 


1793 
















lieut...8aent..Bcon»- 
4 dmmmers, mnd 1« pn- 


7 


















vates added. 


Ann 


Jal, 


M 


« 16 


4 16 3 


1 


1 3 1111. 


. .100100 141900 


nih 


A aurgeon'. mate. 1 Mil.. 


1793 


1798 
















1 Corp., and »4 pri.Mri 
t. company „dde<f. Regi- 
mental .hnplajn .boli.V 
edfrom Decembar litb. 


^ 




]^g 



APPENDIX. 
ESTABUSHMENT.— C 



— 




ii 

■= 3^ 


ll 


-ill 


■ sua- 


.. r.ul. 


' 


1 

i 

2 


t 
1 


i 




1 


•III 


ill 

4^? 




£ 


(2 


z u3 


u s u 


* o- » 5 1 


^ a a s 


1 ».« < 




a 


£ 


t. 




3 


a4 












~ 


~ 








"It 


Not 


JO * 


16SM16 


8 I 1 


3.111 


. . . an 


IB> 


44 


aeo 


JGSS 


\ ad qr.-nu..lPr .ppo.^Ll. 


796 


1799 




















l„a 19 prir«M".dded W 


ts 






















e«cb com pan y. 


«o. 


Nor 


ai 4 


IG 44 113 


S ! 1 


3.111 




160 




»40 


a(75 


1 lifut.. 1 wrj., a corp*.. 
Lad 88 piivMea nddeS lo 


re? 


laoi 










































Mch coiup«ny; miking 


























S5 


M 




















142 prirBlfs. 


(ot 


Apr 


30 4 


16 MIC 






... 140 


160 


14 


iS40 


!775 


15 pninles ■ compui ra- 


»>I 


ISOS 




















duced. 


\pr 


fll 4 


16 44 16 


!f e 1 


3.111 


... 121 


140 


^ 


3140 


iaX^ 


1 Mr]. 1 Corp., and 30 pri- 


aw 


I8W 




















utea reduced in mch 


lay 


Fun 


»0 4 


16 44 16 


i a 1 


3.111 


... 100 




JJ 


1900 


aas" 


1 Berj.. a corps., and 12 


»l« 


loot 




















prirslBS ■ GDtDpuiT rc- 


S5 






















dnced. 




D« 


ill 4 


16WI6 


* s S 


4.111 


S 3 a 60 


80 


4 


ilio 


1683 




«« 


I3U9 




















tionat liout.. t aeijw., 1 
Corp.- Bnd t4 priTsiei a 

companT- A Burgeon, on 
asaiarant-BurgmD. and S 

Tlic a sorjeBnl-niiijora ac 
qt.-muler-aeritB. placed 
on the eatublUhmenl: 
Ihej previously rPCMTed 




































































each outof lie noo-BlTec- 
























tire money, ID iddition 


IS 


U 




















to Iheir pay M wtrieanu. 
laeril.BMmp.wided. 


}ni 


Mu 


W 4 


16 NIC 


V ! i 


.111 


J I a 80 


BO 


44 


uao 


1T03 


BOS 


1803 






















SS 


«* 






















8IH 


SS 


to 4 


1GH16 


! S 8 


.111 


J » S 80 


BO 


M 


1630 


19(« 




«9 


M 






















]■; 


JiUW 


dO 4 


mwie 


« 1 S 


.11] 


s * a 80 


80 


44 


leau 


1907 


The field-officere relio- 


Bon 


1803 




















quiahod their conip*.iuid 
























four capti. added. 




Oct 


JO i 


9i«l6 


sea 


.111 


a a sioo 


100 




1900 


KOT 


1 serjt., 1 rorp: and 14 


ans 


laoi 




















pHratea, added to oach 


«ft 


S4 




















company. 


>cl 


Oct 


iO 4 


MM 16 


sea 


.111 


s a siso 


lan 


44 


!S80 


!6C7 


An«ddl.lieD(..«etj.,corp. 


803 






















oihI 19 prirales added to 


as 


W 




















e»ch company. 


lei 

B(H 


Dec 


M 4 


at 4416 


J s s 


.111 


a a ai4o 


140 


44 


i!660 


3087 


1 aerjl., 1 Corp-, "nd 19 
priralea added to each 


25 


M 




















company. 


>er 


Dec 


SO 4 


aiHlb 


a s I 


.111 


a a aMoi4o| 


44 


!'460 


1!8B7 


10 priTBI«a, ■ oompanjr re- 


FKIi 


1«)9 




















duced. 



APPENDIX. 
ESTABLISHHENT.- 



140 t^ 1360 iJ6e9 



added. 



- rtddl- compA' ] 
l\ir <wo addl. con 
^d, nnd 16 lift 



sures. ; 1 eotp.. 


DnvatesBcomp.n 


four coin pB.rmlDn 


privalei in eub r 






n,e deD.-nunluil.d 




One bal.-iun. o 
to bf> rednced in 




pemumermry. 



■ The allaiTBncp of li 



staff-iPiJFBTit irha balds tbe appoiDtm- 




APPENUIX. 

272. 
Slalemenl ibowing tUe varinlioiis Jii the Pay u( the Army, frotn 1684 ; 

extracted fiam ofiiciJ documeDti for llie Rigbt RoDourable Sir 

Henry Hardiage, when Secretary al War, by Mr. Cruomes of the 

War-Office. 

Tiie earUest esUblUbmeDt of tbe Forces in the War-Office com- 
mences from tbe first of Jaouary. 168j. 

OrFiCBKS.— Tbe Bubsiatence of the army nas iatued periodically in 
advance ;' but (be arrears, amounting to one quarter of ibe groxs pay, 
were reierved until tbe accounts of tbe regiments bnd been cleared. 

In consideration of the lubsisteuce being issued in advance, tbe 
gross pay of tbe officers was subject lo a deduction of one sbilHog in 
ev«ry twenty shillings, called poundage, under a warrant of King 
Chsrlea the 3nd. dated 16th March, 168j. ' 

■ CbarleaK.— WbeiBUbTigraemeDtiDAnsDit, IdtiZ.betiriitllieafficera ofoitr 
guards and gBiri.wna iiiidSirSCi)pheD>'oi.IlieuPaymuler-Geaenlaf our Forces. 
ihatebuh been a deduction of Ivelre pence out of every iweniy shilliugi dniwii 
from tbe pay of sU our said Forces, loeasble tbessid PaTmiater to idriinee their 
P*I by weekly subsistence, «nd within s short lime after the end of every mna- 
ter to complete tbe fiill pay thereof both to officers and soldiers, which agree- 
■sent hsth proved of pest sdvuitage to ooi lervice in the eonstant paymeal of 
our said forces, snd bath aiace been humbly lesigned up unto us, by the said 
Sir Stephen Fdi. with the dednclioa thereunto belaaginK ; and ws. thinking it 
ab«oIutflly necessary thst oar Faroes be constsnily paid by way of advance, as 
they have hitherto been ; and having lefened it to the caie of the Commis- 
iionersofour Treasury to sea it punctually observed, we do hereby direct, 
that the same deduction of twelve peace out ofevery twenty (billings shall be, 
as fonnerly, drawn out of the pay of eur said Forces ; whereof ODe-third shall be 
applied for Exchequer Fees, and to the Paymaster of our Forces for the tine 
being, and the other two-thirds shall remain in the said Paymaster's bands 
upon sccompi. to be disposed of either towards tbe erecting, building, and 
maintaining oar Royid Hospital at Chelsea, for aged, tnaimed. and infirm 
land Hddiers, or towards the payment of the establinhmeni of our Forces, as wa 
shall from time to time direct, by the Commisaianers of ourTressury. who are 
hereby appointed to take and examine the accompis of the said building, aud of 
all monies expended towards the said hospital ; and tbe said Paymaster is 
hereby authorised and directed to apply out of the said deduction what is ne- 
cessary for ihe said hospital Ibr thiea years, to commeoce from the end of 
llecamber, liiBi. and to be accomplable for the same to the Commissioners of 
oar Treasury, so as what shall be undisposed of towards the use of the said 
hospital be applied to tbe lessening tbe charge upon the establishment of our 
said forces. Given at our Court at Newmarket, the 17th day of March, I6E^. in 
the ihirty-siith year ofour reign. By his Majes 

A Wsmnl.daled 17ih June, li»4, dire(<Is a farther deduction of one 

day's pay " from our Gnords and Garrisons every year, and two 

" days every Leap-year, lowardi Ibe building and mainlaining the 

" said Hospital." 

* Tbe first vrarrants for dednctiug ihs poundage aod hospital are dotted u 
ia|, and annexed lo the •■Mblishmaul of tbal year- 
voi. II. 



I 




406 APPESDIX. 

A fiirtlier deduction of one dai's gross pay annually, called 
Hospital Money, was likewise miide, under a wnrratil of I7lh June, 
1684. These contributions were made applicable to tlie maiatenance 
of CUelsea Hospital, and appropriated to other military and civil 
disbursements on acuoiinl of Tlie ariuy. 

The gross pay was likewise snbject, from the earliest date, to n 
dednction of 2ii. in the pound, as an allowance to the regimental agent* 

When the accounts of a regiment were cleared, deductions for Ihe 
poundage and hospital were made by the Paymaster-General from tbe 
arrears in his hands ; the balance was issued to llie HgenI, who, after 
deducting his agency, paid the residue to the officers, under the title 

Soldiers. — The pny of the non-commissioned officers and priratea 
was liable to the like deductions, and was divided into subsistence and 
off- reckonings. 

The subsistence was issned net periodically, but the off-reckoningm 
were reserved, and applied to the following purposes. 

First. — The pounda|;e and hospilal money on the gross pay were 
deducted by the Pay master- General, in the same manner, and for tiis 
■ame objects aa from the arrears of Ihe olTicers. 

Secondly. — One halfpenny per week was reserved by the rep-' 
mental agent for the Surgeon as medicine-money. 

Thirdly. — One halfpenny per week was also reserved for the offieafi 
acting OS Paymaster. 

Fourthly. — Two-pence in the pound on the gross pay was retained 
by the agent as his allowance, and the residue, being tfae net off-reckon- 
ings, became the property of the Colonel ; out of which he was bound 
10 provide clothing, under his M^esty's regulallous, framed from 
time to lime by boards of general officers. 

In the cavalry was included, as a component part of the pay of 
every officer and man, an allowance of 9d. per diem, being for the 
subsistence of his horse ; which Sd. was subject to similar deductions 

L of poundage, hospital and agency, and also to a further deduction of 
one halfpenny per diem, lo cover the cost of shoeing, &.c. 
The pay of the man and horse was, until 1763, subject likewise to ■ 
deduction nf one penny per diem, as an allowance lo the ridin£> 
master for Ihe period during which Ihe horses were at grass : which 
period varied from sixteen to twenty weeks in each year. For tbf 
purpose of defraying the recruiting and other charges, the pay of it. 
lixed number of men, termed " non-effective men,'' was included IB 
the numbers borne on the establishment of each corps ; the charge for 
which non-effectives was admitted in the accounts of each troop of 
company. 
From the ffrst Parliamentary sanction of a standing army in Eng- 
land, in 1689, to the year 1771, the only alterations made in the pay of 
the several ranks of officers and men of the army, and in the allpvp 
ancea borne upon the regimental establishments, were— 



I 



I 

I 
J 



APPENDIX. 407 

First. — In IGSl, Ihc rolloniiig; officers o( Foot nunnU ncre nl- 
loweil sn augmeDldtion of pny, to lake retrospeclive t'fTrct from Ist 
Jnnuar;, IfiQ, iii consideration of Ihcir congiaiil and cliargeHble at- 
tendance upon his Mnjesty's royal person in Loodoii ami elsewhere. 

Colonel ... 8 a day, increasing liis pay from 12 to 2l> 

l.t.-Colonel , . 5 „ ,, „ 7 ,. 15 

Mrjot . . . 3 „ ., „ i „ S 

Captain . . . B „ „ „ S „ 14 

LieutenaDl . . 3 „ „ „ 4 ,, 7 

Ensign . . . 2 .. ,, „ 3 „ S 

In January, 1701, the slalT- officers of the Guarda pelitioned for a 

■imilar anginenlation of pay. TUis pelilioti was re|>arled npon by (be 

PaymaBler-Geoeml, (I>ord Hanelagh.) and tlie Secretary a( War, 

(Mr. Blathnrayt,) who siibmilled the following addition to the pay ul' 

the— : It. t. d. t. 

Chaplain ... 3 4, increaiing his paj from 6 8 to 10 

Chirurgeon ..20 „ ,, 4 „ 6 

Adjutnnt ... 2 „ „ 4 O ,, 6 

guarter-Master .20 „ „ 4 „ 6 

Solicitor ... 2 „ „ ' 4 „ fi 

if his Majesty should think fit to grant the prayer of the petition. 

The increase was not. however, extended to those rankj. 

Secondly. — The grant of an allowance in 1713 and 1714, varying 
from 8i/. to 4(. Gd. a ilay, in addition to the pay of the officers, in lien 
of non-eflecti*e but paid soldier servants, who thenceforward either 
became effectJTf*, or ceased to be borne on the establishment. This 
allowance was not extended to Quarter- Masters of Infaiilry until 1718. 
Thirdly,— In 171rt, the following allowances were first borne on the 
establishment of each regiment of Cavalry and Infiintry. viz. the 
pay of two warmnt-men in etery Iroop or company for the widows 
of officers. 

Queen Anne, in 1707, directed (Warrants, dated 61h January, 
170}. and 23rd Aug*, 170B), that two men per Iroop ur company 
should be kept non-effective iu every regiment then serving in Spain, 
and their pny applied to the payment of pensions to tlie widows of the 
officers killed at the battle of Almanxa. A board of General Officers, 
held at Whitehall in 1712, recommended in their report of the I6th 
October, that this practice should he adopted in every regiment, in 
order that a fund might thereby be created, for the purpose of allow- 
ing, under bis Majesty's regulations, pensions to the widows of officers 
of the army generally. 

This was acceded to; but in 1718, (Warmnts, dated 9th April, 1717, 
and 15th May, 1717,) the practice of keeping two men of the esta- 
blishment of each troop and company non-effective, was discontinued ; 
but an allowance fur this object, equivalent to such pay, was thence- 
forward borne on the rrgimeiilal establishment, which continard until 



t laken i'ur Hie diargp of auclll 



ivery Iroop or compm 



1783, when a diiliiict volt 
pensions. 

1718— The pay of one warrant-man in 
the Coloneli for clothing lost by deserters. 

This continues to the present day ; bntby the clothing 
the Wth May, 1827, was increased from 6d. to li. for eac 
man to the Colonel of every Infantry regiment, in consequence of an 
arrangement then adopted for the discontinuance uf his former allifw* 
ance of off-reckonings for certain dclitious rankii. and of his conlribi 
tion in aid of the expense of great-coats. 

1718. — The pay of one warrant or contingeut man per troop 
company to the Captain. 

This allowance was for the purpose of covering the expenses 
losses which the Captains of troops or companies might incar 
bnriaU of deceased soldiers, by men dying in their debt, and by deoer- 
lions, &c. : and the present contingent allowance, which varii 
cording to the number of privates borne on the establishment of each 
troop or company, has been anbstituled for the pay of the warrant- 
man since Mr. Burke's Act of I7B3. 

1716. — The pay of one warrant-man per troop or company 
agent. I 

This continues to the present time, except that in the Cavalry 
charge was rcilnced from 2(. to If. Gd, per diem for each 
man. when the subsistence of the horse was diacontinued as 
on the regimental establishment in 1810. 

The warrant of the l.'^Ih July, 1717. under which these allawaacc* 
lo the Colonels, Captains, and agents, were first borne upon the e*- 
tablishment of every regiment in 1718, shows that they were sabsti- 
luted in each case for the pay of a certain number of non^effectiTe 
men, whose pay had previously been provided on the establislimenl 
for similar purposes, and that the change took place with the sol* 
view of making the nominal numbers of the establishment more neMrly 
correspond with the actual effectives. 

Fourthly. — In 1721, an addition' of .'W. per diem to the pay of th« 
Serjeants, corporals, drummers, and privates of Dragoons in Grwat 
Britain, to commence from the 2&th December, 1720, " as a bcnafit 
" lo the landlords, to prevent the frequent complaints made by tiuMi 
" of the great burthen the Dragoons had always been to them. Tli« 



fan 

I 
1 



> By a reguUbun of 1S30, the ogency was hied M the fullowing rates ; IJd. in 
the pound upon fhe total amount (eicept clothing) borne upon the eslablisb- 
Dient, and in the Cavalr; n dnily sltowonce o( li. per troop, if [he regimental 
ealabliBhmeiit nball consial ufdOO rank and filf and upwards, and of llif. per 
troop, if below that estihliihmeni, and in the Infantry a duili ullowaDos of fid. 
for each PompHny. 

■ Thia addition was not liable lo the daductian for poundi^e and CbaIsM 
Hospilsl. 




" wbole of the s>id addition to be pnidto tlie landlords over and above 
" wbal ttaa paid for Ihe inbsiatence of men aad faorsea in former 

In 1727 aa increase ' of 4d. per diem to Ihe pay of Ihe serjeaols, 
and SU. per dietn to the pay of tbe corporals of the Foot Gunrds. 

In 1771, by a regulation doted in May, tbe dedactions for pound- 
age and bospital money from the pay of llie non-commiMioiied oflicerB 
and privales of Ihe regular Cavalry and Infantry, were ordered tu be 
continued by the Paynasler-General. bnt the amount thereof waa 
directed to be returned to Ihem under tbe name of Necessary Money. 
Tbii regulation, although it mnde nn addition to the income of the 
•oldier. did not in any degree atTect the establishment of the regi- 
ment, as it only reduced the amount of saving tu the public, by (he 
amount of the deduetioD of poundage and hospital money returned to 
Ihe soldier. 

By the Pay-OAice Act of 17^, commonly oiled Mr. Burke's Act, 
((Wm llie enactments of nhicb, however, the Household Troops * were 
excepted,) it was directed, that Ihu dedactions for poundage nnd hoa- 
pilal should be discontinued, and tbe net residue of tbe pay of the 
officer should be borne on the regimental establishment, and that the 
pay only of the non-commissioned officers and men. exclusive of tbe 
off-reckonings before explained, shonid likewise be home on the re- 
gimental establishment. That the pay of non-effective men provided 
for the purpose of recruiting each troop or company should cease, 
and that in lieu of the emoluments which the captains had formerly 
derived out of the fund created hy the' said pay, an allow" of 
£20 per annum to each Captain should thenceforth be borne upon 
the regimental establishment, (this allowance to each Captain waa so 
borne upon the establishment until 1924. when it was discontinued 
in regiments of Infantry, and in lieu thereof an addition of l(. 14. 
per diem was made to his pay, thereby augmenting it from lOr. Gd. 
to IW. 7d. per diem,) under the title of N on -etTec live Allowance ; 
and thai the actual expense of recruiting and other contingencies 
should be charged in the regimental accounts, and be defrayed by Ihe 
public; that tlie pay of the coDtingent men should Ukewise cease, 
and that an allowance in lieu thereof, varying according to the 
strength of each troop or company borne on the establishment, should 
be granted to each Captain, in order to cover his expenses and losses 
hy deaths and desertions ; and also, that fixed annual rates, varying 
according to tbe strength of Ihe establishment, should be granted to 
the surgeon, to tbe officer acting as Paymaster, and in Cavalry 
regiments to Ihe riding-master. 

< This aiidition wu not liable to the dedaction for poundage and Cbelieu 
Hospitil. 

* Tbe esubliahmenu of the Life Guards and Honte Gunrds for tbe year IB3I 
have been prepsied upon the sime principle as other regiments of cavalry, 
and are in future la come under iba eoaclmenla of the Act of I7IU. 



410 



M'PESIUX. 




The establisbmeiil, as relbrmcd in 17»3, coalioiied uilhoiil Btti-nt- 
tion until 1797, the fDllowing allDwances. which wt^re j^ranleii in Ihc 
ialerval, not having sflecled llie regimeDtal establishments. 

In 1793 a further altowRnce was made to Ihe non-commiisiooed 
oHicers and men, called a new allowance for uecessnrics; nnd in (he 
same year an additional allowance of lid- per diem, called Bread 
Money, was also granted to Ibcm on home-service. 

Jn 1795 the several allowances of old necessary money, (KTanted in 
1771. as before explained.) and new necessary money and bread 
money, (granted in 1792,) were consolidated, nnil fixed at 2jrf. per 
diem for each man; and by the Secretary -at- War's leiler of 1st 
May, 1795, a further allowance was granted to llic non-com mission ril 
officers and men, to cover tbe eitra price of bread and meat. The 
extra price of bread was, in that year, about 1«/. per diem, and of 
meat about {it. per diem per man. 

Thus tho private of infantry received aa pay tW. per diem, and 
allowances 4rf. per diem, out of which be was liable to a deducti 
the cost of bis mess, not exceeding 3t. per week, or 5id. per dii 

In 1797 these allowances, having been found iusufScieut, were in- 
creased by an addition o(2ii. per diem ; and the whole, so consoli- 
dated and augmented, were added to the pay of Gd., and from thU 
period borne on the cslablisbment of the regiment at It. per diem, as 
the personal pay of the soldier ; hut at the saioe time the stoppage for 
his mess was increased from a sum not exceeding 3i. per week to a. 
sum not exceeding 4», per week, or fifrf, per diem, on •' hom^ 
service," and he was made liable to a stoppage on " foreign sen 
of 6rf. per diem, when supplied with rations at the public expense, 
of 3id. per diem whun not so supplied. 

In 1797, the distinction which had so long exiHti^d between snb- 
•Lstence and arrears was discontinued for the officers of the army, 
(except in the Life Guards,' Horse Guards, and Foot Guards,) upon 
the appointment of a Commissioned Paymaster, instead of an acting 
one for every regiment, nnd the adoption of a new system of regi- 
mental accounts. The daily pay of the Field-Officers and Capt^iins 
wns simplified by excluding the minute fractions into which it had un- 
avoidably been divided, in consequence of the former deductions 
from their gross pay ; and the pay of the subalterns was increased 
by discontinuing the deductions for poundage and hospital. A further 
increase of U. per diem was also granted to subalterns of infantry not 
holding another commission. 

In 1800, the small-beer, which had previously boon supplied in 
kind to the soldier on home service, when in barrack*, or billeted iu 
settled quarters, wns discontinued, and a contingent slluwance of ]iL 



u lh« Life Guiuda und II 



\0t09 ^^^ 

m 





per diera, id lieu thereor, waa granted i but he was then mndu liable 
tu a stoppage for bit mess, not exceeding 4x. 7d. a neck, or 7^d. per 
iliem. 

In 1803, llie Field-Officers ceased to hold troops or conipaniea, and 
additional Cnptains nere appointed to those troops or companies ; hut 
llie non-eflective allowance of £20 per Biinum was cimlinued to each 
of the three Field-Officers so removed, and is still allowed to the 
Colonel, Lieut, -Co I one], and first Major. 

In ltf04,' the medical officers of the army w 
footing ; their pay was increased, and they n 
lional pay after certain periods of service. 

In 1806, the pay of the regimental officers, and of the non-com- 
tnissioned officers of infantry generally, was increased; and at the 
*arae lime Captains, with the Brevet rank of Field-Officer, were al- 
lowed li. a day addilionnl pay ; Lieutenanls of seven years standing 
as such, vrere allowed it. a day additional pny ; but the difference 
between the former and the increiised pay and allowance was not 
in any case to be received by an officer holding more than one milj- 
tary commission' or appointment. The privates of the Life Guards 
and Royal Horse Guards, and corporals and privates of every other 
retciment of Cavalry, were at the saine time allowed additional pay at 
Id. per diem after ten years' service, and at 2d. per diem after seven- 
teen years' service ; and the corporals and privates of the Foot Guards, 
and of every other regiment oflnfantry, were allowed additional pay 
at Id. per diem, alter seven years' service, and al 2<^. per diem after 
fourteen years' service ; this additional pay, both for Cavalry and 
Infantry, alter the second period of service, still exists; but the grant 
of additional pay after the first period of service was discontinued 
by bis Majesty's Warrant of 24th December, 1822, for all men 
enlisted after lhe'26lb January, 18^. 

The claims to additional pay, admitted service in the East and West 
Indies to reckon in the proportion of two years' service in those 
climates, as three years of active service elsewhere. 

By bis Majesty's warrant and regulations of the 14th November, 
1829, tbia distinction of climate was cancelled, and the claim of 2d. 
a day additional pay only commences after seventeen years, and 
fourteen years' service actually completed. — War-Office, June, 1830. 



* By •ramnCofS^Ui July, 1830, the rates of idditioDal pay of medical officers 
were Bssin mite red. 

* Bf the Suff Pay Warrant of 30th July, 1030, this distiaction between old 
and new rates of regimentBl pay of officera holdiDg slsff. gsniaoD, or otbi^r miti- 
lary titustions was aboliahed, and Gied deductions were to be made for the 
sevend nuiks of legiinental oScerg from the fiiture issue of their itilT puy. 




^ ~^^EU^I 


^^^^H 


^ APPENDIX. 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^H 


^^m^^i 


^P STATIONit.' 


^^^^^^^^^H 


^B ( F.ilnictud fruiu *Litiou» oOiciul iworres ; hut from 167U, 


priDcipully from tlie Marching Root. 


■ Boots in Ihfl War-Offi 


e.) 


^ft KZZf 










C~i.o,. -.^^ 


^H 19Jnly, 1630 


10 


At Aewcutlv ind Berwick. 


JO May 






Before DnnotU^r. ^^H 


■ t* 


11) 


Mordingioii. 


ai „ 




It 


DunolterCastli!. J^^^H 


^H 


10 




June 






Highlnodi. ^^^M 


^m 


101 










Lochlber. ^^^ 


^M 


1» 


Huddingtan. 


3 a], 






Brayol MarudRnthTniCait- 




10 


Musselbargh. 
Anhot'a tfiU. 








lle,(CBpl. Powell* compi... 


H 


10 








Bashenough. 


^H Aug. „ 


10 


PeocliDd HiUt iiuil Mu»«l- 






) 


Ucb Tiuni^r. 






burgb. 


Aug."to 


Dec 




BiayofMaruud UuibrenCa- 


^1 












(te. (Cnpl. Powell's camni.t 


^H »4 .. 




ftedbull. 


Jan. 


im 




EdiuburgV *^ 




10 

III 


Haddington. 


|^}0«.165.i 


9 


Liolilhgow and Dunbarton. 


^ lS.pt. ., 


10 


Dunbar. 


. Oct. 




1 


Rutliren Caatle. 


3 „ 

n „ 


to 

10 


Do. (B*IT.«). 

EdioburgSi. ' 


Jan. 
M..y 


it 


It 


Stirling. 






Towardi Stirling. 








Cilaago w, K i i ait b , C atd rosa ,&r . 


« ., 


10 


Edinburgh. 








Stirirog. 


11 Oct. ,. 


lO 


GU««ow, 
Kdinliurgb. 


B „ 




It 


St.Johl.9lOQe'8. 






9 .. 








BNoT. ',! 




Haddinjlon. 








the fool of Lough Ta,, 


18 „ 


10 


Ulnagow. 
Kdinlurgh. 






10 




Bee. „ 










noch], Cluney. utd Utaorof. 






Ilumii Cutle. 


M .. 




10 


Loughlougboe. .^^_ 




10 










Glenmurijiton, .^^H 


Feb. 1651 


10 


Edinhn^h. 










< „ 




Linlilhgow. 


eti „ 










10 










^^H 


MwcblGSI 


i; 


I'mtHUon Cutle. 
TivioldBlB ud KeUo. 


3 July 




10 

i( 




April „ 


V 


Minburgh. 


6 „ 






Falluw. near In.er^^T*' 


la „ 


10 
















{iWow. 


H „ 






From Sirathfillan tciwarda 


S M.y „ 


10 


Edinburgh. 


16 to 30 






Juna „ 


10 


Do. 








£"fc„. ^ta 


89 ,. 


1( 










30 ,. „ 

T July „ 


It 


lorn-ood. 
3la«gowimdKil»ilb. 


S3 ,. 

Aug. 


;; 


!o 


.»»......«,•.. ■^ 


16 !! '.'. 


10 


:iillU'<fer'uouBe. 


7 '.'. 




10 


StirUng to Calhindar. ^^M 
Balouidder. - ,; 
SjiuiWlo Glen C«troh,(oJ1.d 
Deeil'a Den. ) 


«1 .. .. 


10 
10 


Queen'a Fetty, FifwAira. 
-InUthgow. 






10 


3 Aug. „ 


to 


'owsrdi Slirling. 






10 


FoatorGlenCilroii. 


Id '.'. '.'. 


10 
10 


Stirling. 

^Do. and Stirling Cwlle. 


13 „ 




10 


Aboffoylo. 


ii .. 


9 


Ilackford. 


*' s;'pt 


";'; 


10 


Dalkeith and Edii.bdTd!|^H 


is .,' " 


9 


Oct. 




10 


Do. Do n^^H 


9S „ 


q 


I. Johnstone's. 


Jan. 






Do. Do ^^B 


M „ 


9 


Before Dundee. 


17 Ma.. 


!?* 




Berwitk. ^^^ 


iSept. ., 


9 


Dundee. 


From il 


10 


The regiment was qu.irteied 
in F.dinburgb and Aie gam- 
>ona in Iho viainity. 

Benv-iek. 


Oct. ,, 

No*. „ 


10 


Do. 
Do. 


period 


1655 








Nor. 






J-'^ 


10 Do. 


BOec. 




10 


ColdHimam. 


lol Do. 
lOlDandee. 


UK.. 


1% 


10 

in 


C™..,».H,„T„.d. 


Jj^o M"y 


lo; Do. 


3 ., 






Village heiween WoolW and 
Morpeth. 


■ The obJBct in slating the movement, of iba r-gim.nl 
iroce of it* wrFicei bu been romte, und (bat no maletiij 


so minutely, ia lo show Ihat . perfert 
iru'umstance baa eacnped notice. 



ATTO&mtr If^^^l 


STATIONS.— Cuxlmunf. ^| 


N.>.of 1 




4 Jan. lee 


OjMorp«lh. 


>eb. 1671 




In London and Southwark. 




VNewcHlie. 


It* Aug- 1671 




L;il» of London. 


6«d7 ;; 


«Hmlt.) 


SSIar. 167( 




Bertye'a company , 100 tren, to 


8 .. .. 






mwcb to Deal and embark. 




) North AHeitoB. 


IS .. 






» !! ■" 


BimniKhbridi*. 






bark in micb abipa aa the 
Duke of Voikahall appoint - 




OYoA.' 






HI0 15 !! 


OCHdt.) 






a of the men on board th* 


16 „ 






St. Michael. 




(lB.wti7. 




^ 


Huilaon'a company, 100 men. 
to march (oGiaTewod. aud 


» .. 


f HtDiBeld. 






l»to« „ 


Nonintbun, uid L>1t>d. 






embark. 31 men to go on 


ts .. ., 


UicHrtr. 






board the Vietory, Capl. 


» .. 


HarbonHiKli. 








» .. .. 








1 be two repmeuta of (iugrda 


« .. .. 


n stony Slnlfonj. 






(0 do duty in the Tower U 


« „ 


(1 DaniUbr.^. 






they may be required. 


•8 ,. 


St. Aibuii. 


tr M,r. 1675 


10 


In Undon. 


»,».31 » 


OtJWu) 


« April. „ 




L'oke'i company (100 men) lo 
embarli aa Ihe Duke of York 




Bunet. 






.hall think fil. 




Loodon. 


*t ., 






14 tVb. 16ef 


Uo. 






lo inarch to Deptford, and 


IM* 


Do. 






embark on board the Dan- 


1663 


Do. 






moulh.CaplidnSadliDgion. 


Hit. ISM 


A draft of 50 m«D from tU 
LordGennnl* regJineDI k-di 
on board the nhipi bound for 

A draft of 50 mm for Mi-ur- 


May, ,. 




rtl men from Ihe {oldatream 
ceu. Captain Mundeo. on 




6 „ 




Lieut., fnati* and Laacellea. 




TWO. 






and F.naigna Meade and Cot- 




n LoDdoD. 






ton, -t aeneanu, 1 corponl. 
Mid liOprirnlea, to embark OQ 


M.r. 1665 


*» men from Ih* resimfnU 








of Gomrdi, undf r Capi. Bon- 






Ihe 9th inatut at the Tower. 




net, pmbarkHd on boanl ibe 






and pjon board the fleet is 




Sept in ihe Doirnes. on the 






the tt.er. 




!8lh initBDI. 




3 


To go lo UraveH-nd bj water 




i^ndoB. 






lo join Prince Hoperl : if 










gone, two coinpniiiei to pro- 




board the fleet under the 






ceed lo Roche iter. 




Duke of Albemarle. 


18 .. 


3 


Ditto orderwi lo return to their 


Ml 7,1667 


• London, SheenieH. etc. with 






auattera in London. 

The men from on board tha 






19 .Ma; «r 




166B 


t London. 


SJune, " 




fleet (o fetum lo London. 


1669 


S LoDdon. 


J Aor. „ 




IB widiers out of each of the 


»1 Fefc. I6|i 








etream here in town lo em- 




•erJMDt or corporal, and 50 








privaten of the (.'oldsireain 






bark on board auch ahipa aa 
the Duke of York ahall »p- 

L^'tai'n Huilaon'* company lo 




mimrnt to embark in ihe 
ahlpa going to Ihe Stmiig, w 








join Sir llionuu Allen. 


.5 „ 




54 M«. „ 






march to Cnnlerboty, and go 










for Franca, wi lb Ihe baitaliofl 


3 Mm, luni 


to mtrch Id tha borouRb of 






formed for the seiTice oFtha 
French King. 






S4 .. 




In London. 




andBertjeV) 




1 


Al Canterbury = going on aer- 


GJUD.. „ 


sCapUina Mutlotr and Fluir- 






Tice. 






Maj.167.1 


6 


In London. 




ibe (iro eompaniei in Ilie 




S 


On board the fleet. 




Iton)B(b. which are to return 


S-pt. „ 




In Ihe aerrice of Ihe King of ^^M 




to tbeirqsarlera In London. 






Fruice. ' ^H 


13 July. ., 


Eisbt aoldieTa from the Cold, 
aimm lo BJiucb on llth iu- 
■tanl to Deptford, und em- 
bark on board the Undon, 


t .Mar. 167) 




In ^H 
In the leriice of Ihe King of ^^H 
France. (OHered lo reluni ^H 
hone : landed I4lh April.) ^^M 


MOct. .. 


Captain Tinker. 


HM«T, 1674 
6 June. .. 


1* 

3 


tn t^don. in the uanal pk- ^^M 
Habea. .^^H 
To march lo Windaor and eaj^^H 














^^^M 




1 inker, now al Wootfnch. 


6 Not. ,. 




To March lo Rochraler. f ^^^^1 



^f STATIONS— ra-tinn'-rf. 




(,w;X 




Wintar-B Bod Cupuin MuU 
lowe'».)' 






" to mareii uplo the ouarten 
□f the regiment in London 


^H 6 No'. ISr-l 1 


OJjiH ofCraTen'a, Ll.-Col. Sir 










J unea Smylh'*. Ciipla. Mans- 


!0 Mar. 1678 




rbe men under Capt. Mullowe 




field'*, Clarke's, Kirkbye'B. 






relumed from ^' irginin id die- 




Coke'*, Huitson'e. SandHr'., 






embark on aard of March si 




Miller'e, nod Wytbe'ii, in 






G ra vesen d . and q uarter there. 
Ditto to march from Grane*- 




London. 


« ., 




^M i6 Feb. 167t 


3 Sir Jsmei Smyth '« Mid Maiis- 






end ID London, and join Ih* 




Geld-s CO Koebc^trr. [o re- 

liora the two now Iherp. 


aaApr. ., 




OkeoTer's and Eastland's 


^1 


Undon. 






comps. to much from Ro- 


^M ■'■ilaae.ier.'i 


1 Karl t'm«en-B Knd Clarke's to 






chester to the quuners of tie 
rest, in and about London. 




Roc beater. 


30 „ 




Siuclnir's couip. to embiik on 


H IIAUE. „ 


4 Soutbwark, (MsnaGeld'e, Hu- 
jtson'B, Coke's, & Wythe's.) 
to Hual the depuly-tieuU. 






1*1 May It the Tow^r \Vhtrf. 
and go in bo;.ts to Greenwich. 
where they ero to be put oa 
board Die ships for Oslend. 








V IKOT. ,. 


aCoke-BttKlrkbye'ato relieje 






llreifa conip. to embark at 
Dover for Osiend forthwith. 


8 Feb, iSrf, 


I Umbeth, ( Wythe's, ) to aid in 
suppressing the grent tumults 
of disorderly persons of the 






Newport's and Sullyard's 
comps. to embark b4 Ko- 








chMterforOsiend forthwith. 






13 June, „ 


J 


Tnlmasb's cotnpany to return 


ii .. 


slluitntu's and Suunders's to 












M ,. 




Ditto to march from Porl»- 




Hochesler. 






month to London. 


SO Jano, 1676 


J Miller's & Wythe's to relieve 
the two eomps.at RachHsler. 


96 .. .. 


8 


march to Hounslow Healh oa 


Ocl. „ i 


a Undon. 






Friday the JSlh iiutant. and 


4 ., ,. 








encamp. 




Lienl.,1 Ensign.* nerjpsnts, 


39 July. .. 




80 men to reinforce the conipa. 
in Flandera. to embvk under 




and U men, under Mutlowe, 








to embark for Virginia. 






Captain Tonga at the Tower 
Wfiarf. for l>«lend. 


« .. .. 


3 Karl Cmren's and Graham's 








to relieve Ibe two companies 


4 Aug. „ 


8 


Companies of the Coldotrewn 

ul Uinssells. 




■t Rocbeatar ; " and the said 








reliefi are to be mode every 


10 .. 




I'o march to Maidenbewl on 




4 months till further order/' 






Wednesday the 14th instant. 


16771 


S London and Roc heslsr. 






to attend the King whilst 


Jan. 1671 1 


S London and Kocbester. 






holding his Court there, end 


83 ,. ,. 












to be qiuirtered nt Roehescer, 


14 Dae. „ 


B 






UarUord.andKrith. 






on arrival i^om FIsDde«s. to 


2 Fnb. ., 


1 Talmasb's to embark at Har- 
wioll for Guernsey. 






quiinet in the HomleU in the 


6 ., ,. 


9 Parry's and Sollyard's to ra- 






Tower. 




lieTe Howard's company of 
the King's regt.of Guards at 


Jan. 1671 


5 


Compiinies of Ibe Coldstream 
landed at Dover to proceed 










Roohrsler. 






to London. 


7 „ 


Brett's), mid "to compWt 
tbeir lories in those parts." 


5 J one, 1679 


* 


to march 10 Windsor to attend 
the Kingdurioghia slay there. 


SO „ 


i Price's end Street's from Ro- 
oheater to London. 


ST „ 


■i 


Mansfield's and MuUowe's 
compa. to march to Wind«« 


Sfi .. 


1 Brett's from Ittnidstone to 








Dover, on Saturday or Mon- 






"heVi^.'d.Tt?,'"' '" '"*°^ 




dayneil. 


18 Apt. 1680 


S 


Lord Cnven's and Captain 




lOKeover'a to quarter at 






Street's comps. to much to 




Maidstone, "and perfect hia 






Windsor to attend the King, 




leriea there." 






dilto. 


1 


i To embark at the Tower for 
Flandera, on Thursduy the 
*8th instant. (Wythe's, Mil- 
ler's, Price's, end Clarke's.) 


SJuno, „ 




A detachment of 1 Captain, S 

corporals, ! drummer*, and 

ISO privates, ordered to em- 


■ "■- " 


i Sinclair's and Parry's comps. 






bark al the Tower Uhiuf and 


^H ' "Doveristobe manned by nnu of the six cnmpnniei of those l<ro leEimeuU of GoKtU i 


^M lamnered in tad about Rocbester,"— Stale -Feper Office. ^^^1 



* " ^^^'^^^^^H 


STATIONS 


— Cmti-M«/. ^1 


c;:^;: i 


^1 




proceed lo I'dismoutl.. and 


Oct. 16B* 










to march on .be Jtd instant 
to Newmarket, and from 


b S^pl. t<M> 


LaidCnyfu'a and Slres^s lo 




Nenmarkel on llie ';4tli inst.. 




marclifromWindMcioWesU 




on their return to London. 






ItlJune, 168,1 


One batt. of the ColdsCrearn 


Ki'b. lc«i 1 


llie Cald«tr(MiD qunrlered 




to murch on the «ltl. instant 




■boat SpittI Fields. 




(o Slarlboroogh. and receive 




K delKUent of the Cold- 




further order, from the Karl 




alTMin to mirdi on ibe lltli 




of Fe'araham. 




inatUDl to Oifotd to Btiaod 


13 July, „ 






the Kin;. 




lered from Chancery Lane lo 












to occupy Ibe King's Mewa 




t.m.llolloway,&c. 




OD the IBlh iriglxnl. 


Aug. „ 


4 Lord Cnren's, Capts. ^^'ake- 
lyn'a. Cholmondlej'a. and 


Apr. lliBl 








stnBm »rTi»ed fruni Oxford : 




Hup art '■ rompa. to march 




marebed into the King's 




on the :)rd inatant, jnd en- 




Mtw» on UiB 5th instuil. 




cwnp at Windsor. 


m Apt. luw 




17 ., 


One officer and til) men of the 




to maich (0 Windsor, and 








qunrtetttWiiidenhead. 




Pepjs. Secretary to Ihe Ad- 


Apr. l6U.i 






miralty. 




on duty in Hie iMews. 


SO ., „ 


Some rompaaiea of the Cold- 




S Uillo at Mudentead. 




siteara to march to Hounslow 




ii Dillo It Winahealer. 




Heath and haclconWthAug. 




» Uillo M Tilbury, &r. 






isipt. ,'.' 


6DittoatlJw Mews.Tilt-Yard, 




marrh on the "filh instant 




St. Jamea-a. and AtlinEtoQ- 




fnmW'indsortoMBidenhead. 




Gate Gliacda. 


4 Oct. „ 


Ditto to march on Tuesday 




«Markh«n'» and Pope'B »1 




neil from Maidenhead to 




WiDihesler. 




UndoD. 




SAlTilhory Kort. 


6 Nov. ., 


The Coldalream lo be (joar- 


ws^pi. ',; 


■i ('.pta. Murkliam's and Pope's 




tered from Chancery Lane lo 




companies to much to West- 




. 100 nien. with officera in pro- 


JU Oct. „ 


JLord Ciiran'a and Captain 


Apr. 1CB6 




Markham's romps, to march 








to Tilbury Fort on the 1st 




lo march on m May to New 




November, to reUeve .Mil- 




Hal], Essex, and encamp, to 




ler'* and Heueage Finch's, 




attend the King dunng bis 




who are to retunilo London. 




stay, and afterwarda relnni 


I^Dw. „ 


eUrd Crnren's snd taptain 




to their fonnor qn^irten. 




Markham-s coraps. to retam 


May. .. 


3 Companies to ni.rcb on 13tl. 




fromTilbnry Fort to London. 






ntfcb. ibB) 


1 Huitaon's & Kendall's cnmps. 




ntiend the King at Windsor. 




to march to Kewmartel. sod 




7 One bjlt. of the Coldstream. 




from Newmarket, on the (ilst 




with a comp. of GrenadiBra, 




Mnrcb. on their return to 




to march on the iZth 3Iay to 








Hounslow Heath, & encamp. 


I Apr. 16»1 


S Ditto to march on the 3rd 


MJune. „ 






instant to Windsor. 








The del«:hnieBt of the two 




lisTed. and march to London. 




tegU. of Guards from Tnn- 


Aug. „ 


4 Companies of Ibe Coldatroam 








to march on 10th August lo 












Lambelb. 




King at Windsor. 


91 M>j. .. 


1 Cotton's comp. lo msrch on 




. Ihe three balls, of the two 




IMilh instant to UakinKbam. 




rxgimenuof Fool Guards at 


10Jul>, „ 


1 Ditto from Oakinghsm to 




Hounslow to decamp on 




nludenbesd. 




linh August, and relam to 


leAug. ., 


S lliiiuon'a & Kendall's compB. 




iheir former quarters in Lon- 




to march on !6th instant to 




don. 




Hurley Pitta and Twyford. 
near Winchester. 


Sept. ., 








allending the court at Wind- 




1 Cotton's camp, lo march on 




sor to march on the 111 Oc- 




the «6th last, from Maiden- 




tober to London. 




head to l^ndon. 


M-y. 16B7 




6epl. .. 


1 lluitsou's & Kendairxcompa. 




(o march on It.h May to 




to oarcli on ihe Mlb insluil 




tHaiJcubead. lo altend tko 




from WiDchnter to London. 




KingaiWind.01. ^^ 





STATIONS 


— Continunt 




(To 


inpj. 


^u.at 


Jone, les? 


. One bstt. of tlie CoUstreum 


a .Mar. 1681 


7 The two batta. of the Cold- 




to nmrth On Slh June frum 




.tream to embark forthwith 




London to tbe camp at Houna- 




for lloUand: (arrived al 




lolr. 




Helvoetaluyallat IHareb.) 


laiy ■■ 


* ComponiBB of ti.e Coldstrenm 


1 May, 1689 


. Threecompa. are tobedran 




to nuwch from Loudon on 4lL 








JulT 10 lIotinBloiv and AVind- 




land. £ wb«reof to be iocor- 




4 8Dr!loColnbrook,SlonKh. Ik 




pOfKled into tlie Fir« Fool 




UitchM.onlbe glhJuii.lo 




UuBrds. and the other eomp. 




reliecB ibe 1st rcgimeiii of 




as (he King ahall direct. 




Uuartlg. 


Oet. ., 




IB July. ., 


. The ball, of the Cold>tre»ni 




at Glenl. 






11 Jan. 1E« 


7 Comps-ofthe ColdsHn. lately 




ing roiieved, to march and 




ordered to be niaed to nwrvb 








lo Colchester. 


Aug. ,. 


. n.e bnU. eDcampedalHonna- 


J9 Miir. 16»! 


Pie bail, to marofa aa follow.; 
V FramColcheaterlDColiibn»L 




low to march on b\h Aagoilt 










alio, to Wlndaor, Eton, and 




3 From Loudon to Windsor. 




Slough. 




! Companieti lo march on 5lit 




f [)a. to Stainea and Egbau. 




August from Windsor, lo at- 


Apr. ;! 


7 l»l batt, qnitled their winler- 




tend the King at Oiford . 




Qoarleraat Ghent. 
t the «nd batt. to march lo the 


Otl. .. 




St* May, „ 




Oct. from Windaor lo Lon- 




Tower. 




don. 


1 Aug. „ 


7 Do. from tbe Tower to their 


JuDe,ld8B 






farmer qoarlora. 




m«r«h onSTth Jone to Houna- 


15 „ 


7 Do, lo quarter in the aaveral 




lo«> Heath, aud encamp. 




(genera in the city. FleatSt.. 


Aug. .. 






AlderBg«te St., and Holbom. 




to march on Ttb Aigait from 




&c. 






15 Nov. „ 






lend the King al Windsor. 




quarters in 31oor Fields. 


3 Not. ., ' 


Oofi batt. of the Coldstream to 




Shoredilcb. &c. 




march with all possihle speed 


So .. 


1 Pn>m I^ndon to Tilbury Fort. 








and retuniBd on the 6th of 


« .. 


5 To rest al tbe W»1lop», near 




Ueo. 




Saliiburj, and rillagM adja- 


3J™,169] 


ander Lieul.-Col. Selwyn to 








march from London to Porta- 




tbal arrited Gnl xt Salisbury 








lo march on Friday the g3rd 


easept. „ 


1 From Portsmouth to Biabop'a 




\ov. to Sloclbridge. neil 




Widlham. 




day to Wincheater, and from 




a From (to. to Chichester. 




Ih en^^e tn K iogston . i n Surrey . 




1 Fromdo. toMidhuiBl. 




S Compimies al the ^VatlopB lo 


13 0«. '! 


1 From Bishops Walthun lo 




march to Kingston. 




SoQthamptoii. 




a Krom Aodover to KJnsslon. 




J From Portsmoulb to Win- 




Tlis bait, of the Coldstream to 




chester, and the wholB batt. 




march on Sjth Nov. from 








WinchealertoUibridge.and 




aucb time aa the Lu-Gover- 




nrriteiherTonlheVWh. 




nor shall direct. 




Cumpa. to march trom Uasiog- 


«■ .. 


3 From Winchester to London. 




etoke on e5th Nutomber lo 




1 From Midhurat to London. 




MaidfnhMd.andarrire there 


iV Nov. '.', 


lie Coldstream batlBlion to 




onthe*7lh. 




be (fusrtered in Fleet Street, 


Hfc. „ 


7 tn l^ndon: head-qiiarlera at 




Aldersgale St.. Holbom. &c. 




Whitehall. 


4 Jan. 1691 


to march to London. 




The regiment to march on lihh 






Dec. from London to Itucbea- 




1 l.l.-Col.Skelton's compuytA 
embark on Tuesday tbv Ifth 








«1 ,. 


ZRoobesler. Maidstone, and 




insl. at Greenwich for Mar- 




DoTer. 




dyke or Williamatadt. 


■■11 ,. 


3 To marcli from Dover lo Mil- 


Oct. ItiP! 


B IHI baHalion. winter-qiiaitera 








Ghent. 


MJiin. 16f^ 


The qunrlera of the regiirenl 




eiad betialion in L-indon. 




enlarged 10 ferershom.tthere 


59 Apr. 1C9.1 


A detachment of 40 men of tbe 




S companies are lo return. 







APPENDIX. 4)7^^^ 


STATIONS 


-CMIJlHAf. ^H 


i- 


■ 




1 Hmdet*, to T^crait the ball. 




march onSeth init. to Slough. < 




there. 




Dalchet, and Lion. lo .tiend 


8 Aut. 1693 


IDo. of 100 men. do. do. 




the King, and afient-arda re- 

luni to Lndon. 


tiOcL ,. 


a lal batl. of the ColdstreHiu io 






winler-q uwien at Ghent. 


3 May, 1699 


MO men from the 2 regimenia 


SI Feb. I(i93 


dOf iheColditreun to be quir- 




of Guards to march on 4th 




IMed in Clerken«-ell, llol- 




insl. lo Slougb. Dalchel, and 




bum, St. (iils^'n, and (jruy't 




Eton, do. do. 




Inn Une. 6ie. 


7 June .. 


A detachment of 120 men from 


Muy. 1694 


Lieut..Col.John Hope.CBpt. 




the Isl and Coldatrctun, under 




John VVileon. lUrrr Law- 
rence, and tJMim John Mil- 




Lt.-Col. John Spymour, to 
march lo Windsor, and re- 








main during the stsj of iha 
Prince and Prince** of Den- 














mark: from ^th June iDllib 




bar&ed on board the Seat for 




Not. 




C™«etB»y. 




30 men from Ihe 1st and Cold- 


Auk. ., 


TTio officHra before nuned. and 




stream to march lo Upnor 








CwUe. 




drunun«n, 138 pricale men. 


1 Nor- ., 


The deiacbment of Ihe isl and 




diMOibirked oi> liodAug.al 




Coldstream at iSloURh, Dalch- 




Portsmooth. from on board 








Iho fleet, and mikTebed lo 


37 Apr. 1700 


don^ tton. lo reium to LoQ- 
A detw:hment of 300 men to 




UndoD. 


I Oct. .. 






march to Kingston, the Dit- 








tons, Hampton Court, and 


tlJui. 169] 


. Detachment. (Vom the regi- 




nlacei adjacent, lo attend Ihe 
king, and to be relieved from 




menu of Gunrdn ordered to 






ntlend th» King al Richmond. 




time to time. 


10 Oct. 16»5 


. Do.ofiaOmentoNewm«k6t. 


7 Feb. 171H 


A detachment of the Guards 




and to return. 






13 Nor. ., 


A detachment of .«0 men from 


«7 Mw. 1708 


t Of the Coldetream lo be'qoar- 
tered in St. Ann's. West- 




the Tefimenti of Gusrds in 






London, to march in two dl- 








lUions u. Windior and Elon, 




3 St. Clement's Danes, and Si. 




(o itcend the King. 




Mary'., Sa.oy. 


M«. 1690 




a St Giles's in Ihe Fields^ agd 




«rri»«d in the rirer 8th 




St. Andrew's, Holbom. 




Muchfromnuidere. and re- 








turned fith April followini;. 






17 Sept. „ 


8 1st bstt. of the Coldstream 


6 Apr. ,. 






6 end baiwlioa in l^ndon." ' 










to Windsor, '■ to attend the 


"Mir, 1697 


. AdelachmentoflOBmenfrom 




-QueenasofrenassheshaU 








1^ repair there, and^ return 




Flanders, to recruit the batt. 








there. 


16 Mar. ■■ 




19 Oct. .. 






•nd Hamploo Court to join 




arriTalfromFlanders .tomsrc h 




Iheir regiments. 




to Depiford, Greenwich, fiic. 




U .. 


a The Ul battalion quirlerBd at 








Deptford, Greentdeh, and 




Uib inalaal, and 900 of the 




Woolirioh. 




1st Foot Guards on the i6th, 




6 Sod battalion in rj>ndon. 




to Ponsmooth, and pass oTer 


17 a'ot. ;; 


8 lat ball, of the Coldalreun al 




to Ihe Isle of Might. 




Deptford. Greenwich, and 


8 June.lTOl 


. rheforoGsintbelsleofWigbt 




Woolwich, to march to ihe 




to embark foHhwith on Ih« 




Tower of London. 




eipwiition under the Duke 


16 Mu. 169) 


. A detachment of H» men from 




ofOraiond. 


the lat and Cold.tream Gdi. 


eJulT „ 


. ?60 men ofthe Guards, under 




to march to Windsor lo ai- 




Ueut.-CoL Holmes of tb» 




lend the King, and remm to 








London. 




Slough and Eton, on 8th inat.. 


:9 ,, lese 






to attend the Queen : return- 




nnder Colonal Wwthews, lo 




ed lo Loudon 19th August. 






Aug. „ 


. eOmenoftheColdstream.and 




market, lo attend the King. 




ISO of the Isl Guards, under 




and aftenrarda return to Lon- 




Ll.-Col. Ifolmes of iheCold- 




don: returned 9«nd April. 




<tr«im. lu march on 19tli , 


UDm. .. 


. A delBchuent of MO men of 




Aug. from London to Mmh- J 




the 111 and Coldilraam lo 




Geld. 10 Ulend the Quhb ^^^9 



STATIONS.— roHl.Nwrf. 


c,;;;:' 


c"i«r>. 




B>Ili: returned lo Loodon 








lllhOciobsr. 




on ISlli Angual. 
IBOmen of tlie two reBimenls 


uSrl""^ 


Tlia bntl. of ti.e Iwo reginienls 


9 Ang. 170S 


(istanilCoIdstri-imUrrived 
from Vigo .1 S(. Hfiens Dnd 




0fUuard«.nnd*r I.ieul.-Col. 






BiBSell of the ColdslreMu, to 




CbBthMntomsrchtoLoudiMi. 




inarch to Bath to nttcnd (be 


S5Ju>. not 






(Jueen : returned S7lli Ocu 




tlie two regimcnU of fool 


10 .. 


The delnchment of the two 




tiiinrdB to march U Windsor 




regimenlB at i'ortamonth to 




U ■UsmI Ihe Queep and re- 




march on leth tast.. under 








LieuL-Col. Aahlon of Firat 


Mar, .. 






Gnarda, on tbcir relnm to 




manw of Gunrds to mnrcl. as 




London. 




followa!«OOmeD. under U.- 








Col. MorrySDD of iLb Uold- 




return lo London. 




Btrerim, to march on a>th 


Nor. .. 






ioal. to Chiclieater, Hat-aot, 




to march on the 3d inataoi 




Farchom.iuidTitcbaeld; 70 




from London to F.rabam. a> 




man. uodor Lt.-Col. Aahlor 




a guard over the French pri- 




□f First Guards, on t»d iast. 








loMidhnr.t;70,underC»p(. 

Filbridfe, of First (iuurJs, 




60 men of the two r^gimenU, 






under Captain Allen of the 




on SSd imit. to Arundel ; m 




Coldatream, In niu-cb on ibe 








1st November from Loudon 




80. andsrCipt.StevemiEe of 










S5Deo. ., 


1M of the two reeimeDts of 
Gnarda, nnder Lieut.-Col. 




Do.nr CiiBlle; (B, under 






Cspt. Phillipe of the Cdd- 




Rivett of the Coldsiraun. to 




stroiim.oD IBth inat. to Til- 




march on 27th instant from 




bury Fort. »ud back on Slst ; 




London to Wiaehesler and 








Portsmouth, to attend the 


Apr. 1703 


70 men of iLe Guards from 




King of Spain. 

100 men of the two regiments, 
under C«pt. Ilodenham of 


Midhurat to Porlamonth. 60 






from Shoraham nnd lirighlun 
IoPon«rooulh.70tromAn.n. 








First Guards, lo march on 








the !6th instant fmm Lon- 




Quarters of the Coldstreais 




don toChidieater and Porta- 








moulh, to attend the King of 






Spoin.' 




S St. Clemenfs Utnea, and St. 




Wmen of the two regimenti, 




Mary, Savoy. 




under Capt. Peachej of Firat 




8 St. GiUi-i in the Fieldi, and 




Guards, to march OP WtbiB- 








atnnl from London lo Pe- 




S St. Snpulchre's Without, and 








Clerlienwell. 




nttondtheKingofSp«in. 


J7 „ 


1)0 man from t!ie two reps, of 


lljan. 1701 


on men of the two regiments 




Guarrla to march to WindHir 




to pssB over lo the lalo of 




to attend tlie Qnean, and sf- 




Wight to attend the King of 








Spain. 




qu Brian in London. 


M „ 


A further detachment lo n 
from Portsmouth lo tlie Iile 


May .. 


The dirtachmenl of »» men, 






under I.I. -Col. llorrrson of 




ofWight, to atleud the King 






of Spain. 




lar and places adjacent, to 


15 May. 170* 






mtmh on 17th May on tlieir 




to Windsor, to attend the 




return to Uiidon. 










57 .. ., 


£10 men of the two reKimont*. 




rests, to Colnbrook, Slough, 




under Lieut.-Col. Stevenage 




Eton, &c., to BtlKod the 




of the Coldstream, to manth 




Queen, ond return. 




to Windsor on the lat Jnne. 


4AUE. ,. 


i'lie detachment of the two 




to attend Ihe Qoeen. and 








afterwards return to London- 




Portamoulb to be completed 




Returned 11th October- 




to .100 men. 


I Jane „ 










under Liaut.-Col. Saliabun 
of the Coldstream, to maru 




the two regimenlB under Lt.- 






Col. Morryaon of the Cold- 




on the 10th inst.&om Port^ 




Htrenm, to march on7th Aug. 




mouth to Undon. 








10 men of tha Guards in the 




on board the fleet : ordered 




Isle of Wight (o join ^mr i 
rpgimenli in LontIo&.^^^J 




back to I.oDdDD, and begun 




^H L ^^^1 



^^^^^" ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


STATIONS.— CtnfiaiMr. ^^| 


cl.m^ 


^^1 


30June,17M 


•0 wen of the Xfo regimenla, 
from FarDham to l^ndon, 
under Capl. JJodoBham of (he 
First Guards, on Ihe «>th 


Apr. 1707 




ta uon of ihe (-olU^tteam and 1 

emit the battalion of the 
Firtl Guards serring in Hol- 
land. 
■ guaneis of the fifty men in 


lOJaly. „ 


BOO men'of the two repmenta. 


8 May, ., 






under Lieut.-Col. RuwU of 






" esch of the 14 companiea 




First GuarrtJ. to march from 






■■ of the Coldstream in Eng- 










■ land." 




embark on the Stilh insiani 




S 


[slinglon. 




for Pottugil. 




i 


St. Clemeol-s D«ie», and St. 


Mar, ira^i 


3 BH-naconipaiiy.dnfled Irom 






Mary's, Saray. 




the aereral contpoiiies of the 




a 


St. Gilea's in tbe Fields, and 




t»-o regimoDta of Guards in 
England, to recruit the bat- 






St. Andrew's. Holborn. 






a 


St. Sepulchre s Without, and 




talion of First Foot Guards 






Clerlieaweli. 




in Holland. 


10 June. .. 




SlUmen of the Firal and Cold- 


a April. „ 


the two regiments, under 
L1.-C0I. D'Avenanl of ihe 






atream to march on Tuesday. 
11th instanl. to Windaor. to 
attend ibe Queen, and return. 




First repiment, lo march on 


IS Aug. .. 




*l men of the First and Cold- 




theSlh initanl from London 






stream to Tilbury Fort, and 




to Newmarket, to Mlead the 






«> to Sheemesa. to reliefs 




(Jue^n ; returned to London 










on ■iMh April. 


SO Sept. .. 






9 .. ,. 


■0 march to the lower of 

l-ondon. 
ra men of the Fir^l and Cold- 

on™S3^April from Lon- 






un.ler Colonel Hobart of tbe 
lo uitend the yueen. and re- 
The delscbmenu of «) meD 








each, at Tilbury and Shear- 




don to Fwuham. 








10 May „ 


9 Hith their additional men. in 

9 With ditto, in St. Clement's 
Danes and Sl.Marj's, Saroy. 


14 Mar. 170J 




A butt., making up 590 pri- 
Tates of the First and Cold- 
stream Guards, 10 march on 
15th instant from London to 
Vork. 




8 With ditto, in St. Giles's in 


3 Apr. 1706 




1 he batt. of the two regiments 




the Fields, and St.Andrew'a, 






of Guards at Vork to march 




Holbom. 






on the 19th instant to Nol- 




t With ditto, in St. Bepnlchre'e 






tingbam. 




Without and Clorkenwell. 








30 „ 








tbe ilsl instant, and arriyti 








Bl Colchesur the Sth May, 




mareli lo Islington and re- 






to embark at Harwich for 
Oslend. 
\ detachment of IS) men from 


laJaly. „ 


rhe detachment of the t»o 


W ,. „ 












the two regiments, under Lt.- 




lorn to London. 






CoLWheeler of Firsl Guards. 


93 Aug. ., 


no men of the two regiments, 
under Lieut.-Col. Ne« Ion of 






10 march from London to Col- 

cliejiter, and join the ball. 




First Guards, to march on 


- May, .. 




the batt. embarked on boanl 




!4lh instant from Windsor 






the Anglesea and Nonsuch 




to Winchester, to attend the 






men-of-ov at Harwich, and 




IJoeen, and return. 






landed at Ostand on eend 


8 Feb. irO) 


Sill men of the two regiments 






May. 




lo KO. on the ar.1 Mareb. 


30 June, „ 








on board Iho transports at 






oflicen in proportion, from 




GruTeiend. and proceed lo 










Spun to recruit the battnlioo 






Guards, to march on tiO, 




there, nov reduced 10 about 






instant to Windsor, lo attend 




300 men. 






the Qaeen. and return. 


21 May, 1706 


210 men of die t«-o regiments 
to march on the S«nd instant 
to Windsor, ta attend the 


MSept. .. 




SOO men of the two regts. to 
Kewmaiket, to attend iLa 
(j ueen, and return to I»iidon. 




Qacen, and return. 


4 Oct. ., 






•iSept. ,. 


KU men of ifae two regiments, 
under Lieut.-Col. RiTelt of 






lo Windsor, to sllend the 
Queen, and return. 






Apr. 1709 




A detachment of the Cold- ( 










■Ireuu sent to join iha c«v j 




Queon, and retura. 


-^ 


1 


^^^^L . ^H 



^ APPENDI^^^ 


^^H 






^1 


l^I 


!»■ 


^B Msy. nw 










quariered in London. 




(8 companie..) 
1 St. Giles's in Ilie Fields. 
.St. Andrew's. Holbom. 




Seniug in Flanders. 


6D«e. 171] 


^B 17 


It is JlarMiijflatj'aplMsure, 






that ibe recruits rsised for 




1 Clerkenwell. 








1 Cripplegi.te. 




Gavds bs qnnrtered in thi. 




The Dutch, Uberty nod St. 




u>ub1 quBrtars in tbe room 




Sepulchre's. 




of thMB deUchBd for fkn- 


13 Mar. 17(1 


A detachment ofJOOmen fhun 
the First and Coldalrvuii to 


^H^ 


tlO men of tbe two regimaiiu 




go in hoy. lo Harwicb.and 




to marcb to Windsor lo at- 




embark to join their rep- 




tend the gu«eii. 




menta in Flanders. 


^M 31 


Tbebiitt. of the Fool Guards 


16 July. 1711 


A det«cLmen( of a40 men of 




■tiendini tbe Queen KtWind- 




Ihe Fint and Coldstrum. 










H 11 Apr. 1710 






commiasioned oScera pro- 




mreaui in KuEltnd to bo di»- 




portiomible," lo march to 




pt,.Bd of aa follow.; -St. 




Windsor 10 Htlend itie Qneea 




Gile«'ii in tbe Fields; St. 




during her slni (ber^. 
1 The comp. of the ColdatraB 




Andrew'*. Uolborn; St. C]«. 


it Dec. ., 




menf. U«nB« ; St. liile«'». 




at Islington lo r«in«>e, and 




Cripplegnte ; St. Sepnlchre'ii; 




quarter in ilie pansh of Si. 
Andrew's, HolborD. 




i»liu«toni and St. James's. 






Clerkanicell. 


19 Feb. 17U 


Quulers of the Coldstnwm 




131 men of the Coldstream, 




ISl. Andrew's. Ilolboin ; Si. 




drafted from the eight romps. 




Giles's in ibe Fields; ptrt 




in Eugland, lo complete Uie 




of the Duchy Liberty ; Clsrk. 




■ii compinJea in Flnnders. 




enwell; Crippleptte ; nd 
St. Sepulchre Vwlihoit. 


^H 16S«p(. ,. 


*10 men of the two regiments 






lo march lu ll^unpIa^ and 


M Msr. 171.-; 






ptacea idjarent. to attend the 




rired from Ghent at Gi**es- 




Queet), and returii to London. 




end. lo proceed to Loadon oa 


■ . M«. 17H 


IW men of the Colddtream, 




87tb inaunl. 


drafted from Ihe companies 




liCompwuesof the Co1dst»am 




in Kngland, lo rerruit the 




quartered in the Savoy fr«m 




companies in Flanders. 




9Sth March to SOlbApnl. 


"9 ., 


A lieut. and 40 men of tie 


. M»y, .. 


6 Ditto in barracks •>■ Ilamptoa 




First uid Coldstream Guards 




Court from lat nUy lo 3Ut 




to parade in Covent Garden, 




July. 




■' to pteveni sny misohiefthat 


S9July. „ 1 


Quartera of tho Coldslrfiam 




KSreav-"""" 




the same aa ordered on 19th 






February last. 


15 Apt. 1711 


Comps. of Ibe Coldalrcam to 


1 Auf. .. 


A deuchment of *« men of 




proceed from London to Har- 








wich, lo en. bark for Handera. 




with commiasioned snd doo- 


lOMiY, .. 


Dilt-. to return from Har. 








wich forthwith to tbeir for- 




mnrch to attend Ihe Quean 




mer quarters in London. 




SI Hamnlon Court and Wind- 
sor. and afterwards reton la 


Si June. 1711 








ihe First & Coldstream regi- 




their quarters it. London. 




menls. "with offieera pro- 


3 Sept. „ 


The detachment of Uie First 




Windsor to attend the Qneen 




and Coldstream to march 






from Windsor (as soon as 








relieved by the Grslbsttalioa 


*Juiy. ., 


Quarters of the Coldstream : 




of the Third KootGusnU,) 




St. Giles's in the Fields ; St. 




to their former quarten in 




Andrew's, Ilolbom -. St. Qe- 




London ; at Il.e s^e time a 




mwf. Danes; St. Giles., 




detachment of 70 m»n, from 








the 181 & Coldstream ■• with 




& St. James's. Clerkenwell. 








At Avesne le Sec : cntsmped. 
'I"be detachment of the First 




relievo the detachment of 


6 Sept. 1711 




Bsid Third regt.ofGgat^iD 


IB Oct, ., 






the duty of the Tower. 




Queen at Windsor to march 




■'Companies of the Cold- 




to attend Her Majestr at 




6 ■■ aiream, which cuoe tnm 




Hampton Court during her 




■■ Hmnplon Court. &t.. i. 
'■ the ^.roy. from 5U. Sept. : 




alay.and afterwards re tun. lo 










-loahOcl.- 



APPENDIX. 



421 



STATIONS.— CimliMttrrf. 



No. of 
Curopti. 



23 Sept. 171:J 



yi Oct. „ 



'2o Dec. „ 



19 Jan. 17|] 



l.> Feb. ,, 



«» ** n 



'21 .Tune, 171 1 



4 July, „ 
7 



.'> Sept. ,, 



S7 ,. „ 



VOL. II. 



14 



Quarten* of the Coldstream : 

St. Andrew's, ilolborn ; tlie 
Dutchy Liberty ; Clerken- 
well ; Cripplegate ; St. Se- 
pulchre's Without ; Norton 
falgate ; and Shoreditch. 

Quarters enlarged to the pa- 
rish of Stepney. 
.\ detachment of 263 men, in- 
cluding officers, of the Cold- 
stream regt. of Foot Guards, 
to march on JNIonday 2nd of 
Nor. to Old Windsor and 
places adjacent, to attend the 
Queen, Ac afterwards return 
(upon their being relieved) 
to their former quarters in 
Loudon. (Relieved 30th of 
Nov. by First Foot Guards.) 

A detachment of 600 men of 
the three regiments of Foot 
Guards, with officers propor- 
tionable, (and other troops,) 
to march to Rochester to aid 
in quelling the mutinous con- 
duct of Wills's marines. 

.\ detachment of 263 men, in- 
cluding officers, of the Cold- 
stream regt. of Foot Guards, 
to march on Monday the S?dth 
of January to Old Windsor | 
and places adjacent, to attend 
the Queen, and aflerwards 
return to their former quar- 
ters in lA>ndon. 

In case of the Queen's return 
to Hampton Court, on the 
way to London, to be quar- 
tered during her stay near 
Hampton, 6cc. 

3 commissioned officers, 3 Ser- 
jeants, and 50 private men, 
of the Coldstream, to march 
from London to Bristol, and 
embark for Kinsale. 

Quarters of the Coldstream : 
(13 companies.) 

St. Anan>w's, Holborn. 

The Dutchy Liberty. 

St. Sepulchre's Without. 

Clerkenwell. 

('ripplegate. 

White Chappell. 

Hishopsgate Without. 

St. PancrasficSt.MaryleBone 
to be added to the quarters 
in St. Andrew's, Holborn. 

A detachment of the 3 regts. 
of Guards to march to Hamp- 
ton Court and Windsor, to 
artend the Queen, and after- 
wards return to London. 

The 8 comps. of grenadiers of ■ 
the three regts. of Guards ■ 
to march to Greenwich, to ' 
mount the King's Guard 
upon his arrival. 

A detachment of 70 men, with 
officers proportionable, out of 
the 3 regts. of Foot Guards, 



Nu. of 
Conip 



«. 



12 Nov. 1714 



17 June, 1715 



10 Aug. 



. July. 
16 Sept. 



>» 



19 „ 



f > 



7 Oct. 
1 Dec. 



*f 



$t 



tt 



31 Mar. 1716 



14 



to do duty in the Tower, 
and relieve a detachment of 
Webb's regiment. 
Quarters of the Coldstream : 
(14 companies.) 

4 St. Andrew's, Holborn. 

1 The Dutchy Liberty. 

1 St. Sepulchre's Without. 

1 (Merkenwell. 

3 Cripplegate. 

1 White Chappell. 

2 Hishopsgate Without. 
1 Shoreditch. 

Quarters of the Coldstream : 
(14 companies.) 

St. Andrew's, Holborn. 
2|Clerkenwell. 
1 The Dutchy Liberty. 
IjSt. Sepulchre's Without. 
!i;,C ripplegate Without. 
White Chappell ; St. Kathe- 
rine's : Rishopsgate Without; 
Shoreaitch; St. John's, Wap- 
ping ; 6c Spitalfields Hamlet. 

St. AJarylebone, Pancras, and 
St. IMary's, Islington, to be 
added to the quarters of the 
Coldstream, which is now 
augmented to eighteen eom- 
panies. 

1 he Coldstrepm encamped in 
Hyde Park from I>3rd July. 

A detachment of 200 men, with 
commissioned and non-com- 
missioned officers in propor* 
tion, from the 3 regiments of 
Foot Guanls, to march to 
Greenwich and Woolwich, to 
attend his Majesty during his 
stay. 

Quarters of the Coldstream : — 
(18 companies.) 

St. Andrew's, Holborn. 

The Dutchy Liberty. 

St. Giles's, Cripplegate. 

St. Sepulchre's. 

Clerkenwell. 

St. Mary's, \yhite ChappeU ; & 
Trinity, Minories. 

Spitalfields Hamlet. 

St. Leonard's, Shoreditch ; & 
Norton Falgate. 

The Liberty of East Smithfield. 

St. Katherine's Precinct. 

St. John's, W^apping. 

St. Mary's, Islington. 

The Coldstream encamped in 
Hyde Park " to hut." 
Quarters of the Coldstream : 

In the Tower Hamlets. 

In Finsbury Division: /ac- 
cording to an Act passed last 
session, "during the present 
exigency of affairs.") 

The Coldstream " decamped 
from Hyde Park on 10th De- 
cember. " 
Quarters of the ColdstiMMi: 

In the Tower Haodets. 

In Finsbury DiWaum. 
2 B 



3 
1 
3 
1 
1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

14 



12 
6 



14 



12 
6 



^^B^^^^^^^^^^^^J^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


STATlONS.-C«.Hli..u«i. 1 


No. u( 1 


ci;i 1 


. June. 171^1 


riie Coldatrriun encamped in 




Seymour'.' rep. of Ftwn in 




Hyde Park from 14th June. 




lbs duty of tbe Castle. 


S3 Jul T, .. 


A detacbBiBiii of l«l private 


W Nov. 1717 


A detachment of 4 aeiieuti, i 
















prirale men. from tbe^reeia- 




resimeois of Fool Guardt. U 




of Foot Guards, under ih* 










m.rch to Kimptou Court, A: 




officer, tom-[1^h lo Hunptoa 




^DC»<nu lh*.re. to attend Hi. 
Koyulllighneui tbe Prince of 




Town and pUee* «dj>c«il. to 
du the uauul duty at Haaptos 








WmUj { t.uiirdinn of the Kiug- 




Palace. 




dom). and ibe wid deUch- 
ui.'iit lo be relieved in said 


lfl.l«n. 17)1 


of the CoUstrMO) lo m:.refa 








from l^ndoii to ^\ arwick for 




From tbe »u.p i.. Hyde Park. 




■ deaerter from lli«t regt.. a i 
return with him to Londoiu 1 




IK often a» aecesBarj. 




(lOct. .. 






A detachment of ona mac a 








company, from tbe 3 regti. 
of Fool Guards, witb ooa- 




now doing duty >t Hampton 






Court, to quarter in King- 








<t«Q. the Wick, Hampton 
Towu, Twickenbuu, & Dit- 














ton. iintill forlher orders. 




march to Windsor to relieve 








tlia detachment lunr thers ia 


t 


S In the Tower Hamlets. 




the duty of tbe Castle. 




i In Finabnrj diyiiion. 


KJuoo,1718 


QnarteraofiheColdatream - 




a riie Coldstream " decamped 




(18 rompvutM.) 
3 St. Andtev-s. Hoi bom. 




From Hyde Park on i:ith Ool." 
A deUclinteat of 170 private 




UJin. IT)f 




KClerkenwell. 








1 St. Sepulchre •». 
aCri^ipfegala. 










proportion, from the 3 regi- 








uentg of Foot Gnards, to 












1 SpjUlfielda. 
1 White Chapel. 




(he King'a Gonrd upon tit 






Majeaty'e arrival therP. 




I Stapney. 


IfiJ Illy.' 1717 


A detacbment of 400 private 




1 Eaat Smithlield & St. KaOi- 




■oldiars. with commissioned 












« RaicliOb. 










3 rnitoeau of Fool Guards, 




1 Shadwell. 




to mlreh to Hampton Town, 


11 Aug. ., 






Kingston, and places adis- 
CBQt, to attend the King du- 
rinij hia sUy there, and tbe 
anid detBcliraeot is to be re- 
















core in proportion, cm of iba 






:i regimaots of Fool GntrdB. 




lieved by other detschmenta 




U> attend tbe King at Hamp- 
ton Court . ind to be rslieved 










Gusrda in and about London. 




as often as necatsarr. 




aaonen as shall beneceaaary. 


*9 On. .. 


A detachment of 6* private 


»Aug. ,. 


I'he detachment of tbe 3 regU. 




men out of tbe 3 raeiiMnt. 
of Foot Guards, witi cos- 




of Foot Gi.:irds at Kingston 






lo march to Windsor, until 








tbe aaaiies at Kingaton are 








over, and then return there 




able, to proceed on lal Nov. 








from London to Sheeneat, 


6 Nov. ., 






to relieve part of Sabine'f' 




com puny, with non-eommis- 




regiment iu tbe duty of that 




aioned officers proportion- 








able, to be made from the ^ 




. Do. ao men. do., to Tilbarj 




regimenU of Foot Guards, to 




Fort, to relieve ditto. 




march undar the command of 




. \iS men more added lo tht 




a subaltern officer to Windsor. 




above detachments. 


I 


to relieve two companies of 


7iAdetachmentof3Minetifr(» 


^^ ' Tlie Kinn >[ tbiB time aigned tbe mBrcliiOB warnintB or roulea ocCMionnllv Mtlt. ■*' 
^B Hion ■rtcr diBConlinutd to da to. olit-n Ibey vere isauod by Ihe Secnluy-it- War la tin 


^H ' PreMiil .ith Fool, or King's Own. ' PmeM SSii Foot, or WHoh Fttgjliym. | 




STATIONS.— C'oiKtjuwrf. 



NTT- 




C„u,p.. 






Ihe 3 regu. of toot Gujud*. 


UMar. 17J( 


1 be detachment of the three 




with a proponionate Dumber 








of officen and DOn-cumnuB- 




now at Winder, to match to 




sioned oflicBtii, to njarsh on 




Loudon aa aoon as relicTed. 




lat Not., under tbe command 




Ihe quartereof theColdalream 




01' Lt.'Col. I'owusend. from 




be enhrsed with the adja- 




i-oadon lo Portnnoutl.. to if 






UoYo Willi's' regiment in 




cent irUUiM, (Cosham and 




garriaon. 




L.scock.) 


6 Nor. iriB 


AdetHchmenlof.iOiiien ft™ 


i Apr. 1719 






the S regtt. of Foot Guardi 




Si. Andrew's. iSUTbora. 




lo proceed fmni Ij>ndon to 






Hofbeater BDd Stroud, and 




L'letkenwell. 




retiere each other in the duiT 




Si Sepulchre's. 




of Vpncr Castle. 




C'rjpplegate. 








lalin^n. 






Shoreditrh & Norton Fslgale. 




lo Greenirich, as a gnurd 




Spitili;eI>U. 
nyte Chapel. 




orerlha powder-msFuiue. 




SO .. 




Slepney. 








t'lwt Smithfield tc St. Kathe- 




&c., DO being reUeted.lore- 
turu to LonZoD. 










Etadclt&e. 


17JW1. JTH 


A detacbmeiii of 80 (erjeaols. 




Shadwell. 








Wtpping and SI. CatberineV 




he nude from the 3 regti, of 




rth of May, the pantbes of 




Foot Guirda, to march from 




Pancras and St. Mary le Bone 




London to Portamouth lo le- 




to he added 10 the quarters of 




lieve ihe like detachment of 




the Coldslresm. 






28 Apr. ., 


The battalion of the Cold- 




there, in Ihe duly of tliat 




itream to march forthwith 




farTiM.n. and lo be relieyed 




from Chippenham and placea 

sditcent. to London. 

" That as the young PrincsHea 




Loudon oa often unecetsary. 


IS May .. 


3 F»b. ,. 


A deiaehment of one m«. . 




■■ are inddenly to remote to 




company frooi 3 regimen la of 








Foot Guarda, to march under 




"ii lobe keplof Ihe sereral 
•■ troopa of Horao and Gie- 




the command of a commia- 






■ioned officer to Hampton 




"nadier Gaanl*, and Foot 




To.™ and places adjacent, & 




'■ Guards, during their Roy- 




do the unial duty at the Pa- 






lace of Hampton Court; the 




" (here, aa when bis Majealy 




Mid detacbmenl to be r«- 




"isiothesaidPalaceinper. 




lieced us often aa neccsnty. 
9 One of the bait*, of (he Cold- 




■■ son ; and thai both there sod 


li M.r. „ 




" at euch other of hia Ma- 




•irearo. under Col.Kobinwn. 




'■ iosty's palaces where their 




to march fonhirith to New- 




■' reside during his iVIajesty's 










Hungerford. 




"absence, the officers of the 








•' Gusrds who shall be upon 




under marching order* for 




" duly are to obaerre such 








■■ orders as ihcy shall re- 








"ceiTe from (he CounUaa 








'■ Dowsger of PortUnd. Go- 






-Teraess to tbeir Koyal 




the Bdjaeent placei, there to 








remain until further orden. 


10 June ., 


A delschmeni of 40 prtrale 




Uking care in their march 








Ibm they rest bat one night 




officers in proponion, from 




in a place, the Sunday et- 




ibe thtes regiments of Foot 




cepled. 




Guards, to march under tbs 


U .. 










regimenu of Foot Gnards 




Windsor, to Jo dnij st the 




Do<r at Poitamouth. undet 




Csstle: to be reUeved as 




Lt.-CoLTo«™end, to march 








from thnoce lo London as 


19 .. 


A deuchment of SW priyate 











I 



' Preaani Srd Foot, o 



^^^42q APPENDIX. ^^^^^^ 


^ STATIONS — CmltBwrf. 


1 


C..a.p.. 1 




»nd noD-tummiBsiuiied oOi- 










cera proportioniible, of the 






tbe tbree regiments of Fool 




three resimenls of Font 






Guards, under the command 1 




Uiiards, to maich fcom Lon- 






of a Lieut. -Colonel, Captua. 




don to Old Windsor nnd 






and Eoiign, la OKead and do 




plaaeii udJHceDt. to attend uh 






duty m the King's rbeatie iu 










the llajmarliet, ererj night 




their Rojal Highoeases the 






a hall is lo be held there. 






eS Nov. 1719 


IB 


Quarter* of the Coldstrenn: 




BUT xt Windsor, and sfter- 










wiirdi tetutn to tbojr qnar- 






order dated Snd April, 1719. 




lors in Loudon. 


laUar. 17tt 


IS 


Ditto, ditto. 


■ lO July, 1719 


Seven comptmies (one of 
which lo be gr»nsdier») of 


aa „ 17HI 




J'he panahea of Pancru. St. , 






Mary!ehone,and Paddingtm. 










to be added to the quarter* 




miroh on Wednesday morn- 










ihk ne»t to Portsmouth, and 


1 April „ 




A detachment of 40 priTate 




paHUVEirlotheUkofWigiit 










and encamp there until Ihair 










Bnihirkation, under tbe com- 










mand of the Earl of Dun- 






Gunrda, under the command 




more. (Einhnrked 5th, atid 






of aroniniiasioned officer, to 




aLiited Blsl Septembor.) 






do duty at tbe King'j Theatre 


SB .. .. 








,nlheH»Ima^ke^eye^nig^,I 
an opera is to be performed 

Lhera. 




11 May ., 




A detochment of 50 pritate 














m:>rch on Tfauritdsy next, 






uBicers ptoportionabte. fnta 




SOtli of July, to Spitnlfieldi 










Market, to Dtistat in the pre- 






Guards, to march immedi- 










ately under the comouuidof 




well H to prerent nny diaor- 










dera that may happen durins 
the time Ihe weavers shaft 














garrison DOW there. 




Btand in the piUar; there, 
and afterwards retuni to 






A debiohmeut to be mad* 








daily of 100 private men. witk 




their former quarters. 






portionable, out of tbe t£ea 


11 Aug. „ 


Adelacbmant of 100 priTBtea. 














regimenta of Foot Gusnja, 










nnd march to the Ton-er En 




portion, of (he three regi- 






do the usual duty of the 
platB ; to be relieved n* here- 




ments of Foot {Juards, lo 








muich forlhwiiJi from Lon- 






tofore, and to follow such 










onters as thsT shall receiiP 




Ihey are to pasB over lo the 
Ule of Wiglit, (o complele 






from iheUoyemor or Lirni.- 












the tompaniea of the Foot 






msuding in chief (bene. 




Guards there ; and in case 


19 „ 








there are more than aaSi- 
















Guards, to march from Lon- 




lo return to London. 






don lo Windsor under tbe 


15 Sept. ,. 


A corporal tuid one prirate of 














aioned officers, oud tu be 




London to Portsmouth, and 






there on Monday next, nod 
remain during the initslU- 
tion of the KIshi Honorable 




join tlie battalion on hoard 








tbeflool; the corpordl lo re- 








turn to London. 






Ihe Earl of Sunderland, and 


(«i)N<.v... 


-' Route for seren companiea 






afterwards return to London. 




'■ Of bis Msjeity's ColdslreHro 


SO June, „ 




Same order as on thvlBthof 




"regiment of Foot Ciuarda, 






May, 1719. for the Ilorae and 




" from PortRmoulh lo Lou- 






Fool Guards to do duty at 




" don : — Fareham, Peteis- 






PrincesaeedurinsibeRiuc^ 












•■ Kingston. London, whore 






ahsence at Hanover. 




" they are to join. .*ic. 

■■Gj;o.lKfhY," 


4Xov. ., 




A delacbmeni of .SO private 












(Secretary at War.) 






officers proportionable, ^m 


SO „ 


A deleehment of 100 private 






the three regiments of Foot 


^ 




1 Unards. uoder the coMant J 





ASftVDlX. ^^^^^^^^ 




STAT(0\.S.-O»if(i»(«{. ^^1 










c«np.- ^^m 




Lo^™'irR^heMer, to be 






from Hfde Pirk on Saturday ^^M 








neit the «4th iual., and be ^H 




diding iDcl iHsieliitg in obli- 






disposed of in quarters in ^^H 




ging Jl ships uid person* lo 










perlbnn quBmntine, pursuinl 






tics thereof. ^^ 




to the •eversl prDrlumalions 


. Jnne,17a3 


IB 


I'fae Coldstream eocaaiped in ' 




relating to Ibe iiirection at 






Hvde Park. 




MnrBeilleii and oilier pUc« 






Drdar renewed for (he Horse 




■broad. 






and Fool Guards to do duty 


SIJui. ITH 


Aa often «■ ^o" have due no- 
tice ofa rebesiwilofnnopera 
at the King's Theatre. Hny- 






at tbe Palaces ofSt. James's, 
Kensindlon, &c., whon the 








young Princesses are resi- 




■iiarkel.adeiucliinentDfuger- 






ding there, during the King's 




JBsnt aDdl2>De>i fmrn the3 






absBOCB. 




reginvDUof tool (juarda to 


M .- .. 








attend. 






men from the 3 regts, of Foot 


S5 M«. Irtl 


a yaarters of the Coldrtrewn, 
the Slime as eipreas^ in the 
orferofiDd of April, 1719. 








llS«pt. ,. 


A detacbmenl of 70 oieu. with 

oiiasianed officers propor- 
lioaable, oat of the 3 regta. 
of Foot Guard), to marcb lo 
the 1 ower of lAndon. to re- 
lieve the detarhmonl lliere. 







Windsor, to reliflve ■ da- ^^^ 
lachment of Clajlon'a regi- ^^M 

A deli^hment of 94 men from ^^M 
the S regts. (aa before) to ^^^1 
marcb to Hampton Conn, lo ^H 
teliBTe dillo. ^^H 


4 Dec. „ 




M ., ., 




porlionible, (rom the three ^^H 




timable. of the 3 reRimpDtn 








ofFootGnard«,toDiiirebfroni 










London to Hampton Court. 






march lo the Tower of Lon- 


88 „ ., 


A oeiieuit and a corporal of 
the Coldotreaoi to march lo 






don : lo be relieTed from 








time to lime by other de- _ 




liosion. to bring from llienoe 






tachments from the camp ui 1 










Hyde Park. ^H 


24 Mir, 17a 


SyoHrtera of the Coldstream, 
tiie suae as eipTes»«d in the 
order of Snd of April, 171<>, 
with the eiceptioD of I com- 
pany drawn from St. An- 


13Julj.lT«l 




The delachments of tbe lhre« ^^M 
regiments of Fool Guards at ^^^H 
WindsorundHampionCourt ^^M 
lomarrhtolhecanipinHyde ^^M 
Park, and join their rf gts. ^^H 




drew-a, Holbom, and added 


a „ 




march lo Hampton & Wind- ^^M 




. A wrjeant of the Coldstream 






31 ,. 17W 










to msrch to Lou,!tborout;b, 


19 Sept. „ 


18 


The' Coldstream to decamp ^^M 




to bring op from thsnce eight 






from Hyde Park on Monday ^^M 










■■'""• " 


Hyde Park. 






In the bamcls in the SaTor. ^^M 
Id si. OIbto's puisb. St. Sa- ^^M 
riour's. St. l"homiii'», St. | 


fBJtUj. „ 


The sick men of the 3 rests, of 




9 




Fool Gnards to return into 




9 




the game quarters M befute 






George "a, in Newington, 










Ijunbeth, ChrUt Church, k 




Park. 






in the Clink. 


»Nor. ,. 


AdeUchmentof 40 ineo,wiih 
tionable, from the S regla. 


MJone.lTM 




regiments of Foot Guards at ^^^m 
Windsor 6( Hamplon Court ^^M 
to march to London. ^^M 




ofFoot Guard!, to march to 


SJnlT, .. 




Tbe 3 regis, of Foot Gnardl ^^M 




Windsor. 






to be reriewed in Hyde Park ^^M 


IT ., 


lion, from (be 3 renU. of Foot 


, 




to-moiTow morning the 3rd ^^" 
insl. by the King. 
Detachment., (aa before.) to 








march to Windsors Hamp- 




Guards, to march loHomplon 


*I „ 




ton Court. 
A detaclimeal of .W men. & t 


ai „ 


. Both the preceding detach. 
menti ordered to return lo 
tbe camp in Hyde Park. 






missioned ofira. proportion- , 


S3 .. 




1 J Foot UinnU. lo naxch lo d 




^^^1 



APPENDIX. 
STATIO NS.— Cimriiin*!/. 



Windiwr, and remain utitil 
the lustnllatinn il over. 
. A detsiibiDeut o( 100 piivute 

.■DiDDiiiisiaDiHlollTS. pru- 

portioDHble, from each or the 
3 regu- of Kool Guarda. ID 
march on H sdoeadny Ihe 
I'itb iaal. to Uld and Kew 
Windaor 10 itiond Uie King. 



proportionable, of liie de- 

quarlered at Maidenhea< 

L detacbmonc of 40 pri . . 

men. iih before, lo march to 

Windaor. 

}uar) era of tfae Coldstream :- 

(lacompaniea): 
Sl Gilea'a in the Fields. 
St. Andrew 'a, Holborn. 
rhe Duuihy liberty - 
PanctsM and Marylabane. 
St. Sopolebra'a. 
Cleikenwell. 
St. GiWa, Cripplegate. 



Falgale. 



1 Shoreditoh & N ' 

1 Spital Fieldi. 

t White Chapel. 

I East Smitlifield and Si. Ca- 

corporal. drummer, 
pri.8leBDf theCold- 
now qnarlered in the 






f 100 n 



a given 



n-itli : 



commitaioned oSra. propur- 



lliebneas 
and Ua C 



lioned and n 
mitsiaoed offioera in pnipoi. 
tion, from the lhiv« regta. of 
Foot Guarda. under tbecm- 
mand of ■ ll.-rol., captaii. 
eoR.. adjt., and •erjt.-majar. 
-omarcbtuiheThMtreRonl 
n Ihe Hnymackpt. oo Thon- 
lavnoil rhe 17th inat.. ni 
ollov Ihe orders of Piinca 
ind the Doke of 
luring ti>e ball U 



foil 
Willial 



f held e 



thai night. 
A deiuchmenl of 



HOct, „ 1 
I Feb. 17«i , 



iffroD-hilllibert;. 

le to be furniahKd for 

maaquersdeg, balls, and 

iheKing'aTheaire 

the llnyiiurket, aa often aa 



&t men Itoni 
igta. of Foot Guarti. 
nnuer a beat, and enaign. 
to march to Barnet, and i»- : 
main, and be aasistiiu IB 
aeitiog J!ii eecoring the decr- 
sioalera who infest hia Ua- 
jeaiT's chaae of Enfield, aad I 
carrr away the deer- ■ 

of the Colditnam: i 
•Aty and libertiaa of ] 



«ual 



The delMrbment of the tiatm , 

regimeRt* of Foot Guarda u 

Bamet to return to Loo- 

. Adetacbmentof immen.wilb 

he uaual officers, to allend 
It the King-aTheutre. Haj- 
market. a* often w a ball i> 
held there ; and aa the aami 
ended only for the di- 
m and nmniement of Iba 
of corapany, it ia bii 
Majeatj'a pleasure that thr; 



aington, Itc, when the 
igPrioceaaeanreresiding 
e, aa when his Majeaty 

hnttalions to be farmed 
from ihe three reginipi"' 
Foot Guarda, and mnnli 
TliuradaTaeil.thelTthin..., 
to Old Palace Yard, anil fol- 
low the Stden of fai* Uuysl 



major To oblige the musiciua 
aiid budeta lo retire in (Dod 

1 detachment of WmdD.wilb 

missioned officer* propoi- i 



proportionable, Crom the i 
regiments of Foot Goarda. IS I 
march on Tueada} Biarati( 1 





APPENDIX. 


427^ ^^1 




STATIONS.-Ci»(i««rrf. 


^1 


No. 


^ 


No. 
Ouinj 


^1 






lOltet. I7«l 






■nd Ihen return. 




la Ihe Lily and Liberties of ^^H 


MOct. 17« 


Quaiters oftbci Ct>ld>i(reiii» : 








Id the bemcki in the S»Tay. 




In Holborn division. ^^M 




In the bmmicts in the Tower, 




In Clerkenirell Green. ^^M 


17 July. 1TS7 . 




UJune.lT-g . 


A detschmeni of 4 lerju.. 4 ^^^B 




regimenuof F«.i(ju.rd.af 




corporals, 3 drammen, & 70 ^^H 




WrndBorand Hampton Court 




private men, vith officer* ^^H 




lo march on TuHulsy next the 




proportionable, from Iha ^^^H 




181h inslani lo l^ndon, and 








A detachment of «> men to 




Sunday neil tbe l5th iniu ^^M 






to the Toirer of London, to ^^M 




march lo 1\ indeor, »nd M 




nViete tbe cooipanies of 1st ^^H 




uentoHuuptonCourt.with 




Foot Gnards. ■' lo be re- ^^H 




Ihe luual otficer«, from the 




■■ viewed tbe next day by ^H 




three regw, of fool Guutl*. 




"Sir Charles Wills, their 


ij 


A detitchaieDt of 400 pri»ata 




-colonel, in Hyde Pwk. 








" when they will return, and 








■ the Coldstream march out 








" lo iheir former quanera." ^^J 




regiment* of Foot Guards, 


10 July. .. 






to march e«ly on ThurBday 






morning, tbe S7th instimt, to 




Urged with Great and Little ^^M 




Hyde Park, in order to form 








■ line for the King to review 








the ae>enl iroopa of Horse 


16 Oct. .. 






Guard* and Hone Grenadier 
Guards. 




Q In Ihe Tower of Loudon. ^^M 
■i In the barracks in Ihe Savoy. ^^H 


ye Sept. „ 




15May,17ri.. 


A delBchment of 400 men ^^H 




InHolbomdiviiion. 




from tbe three regta. of Foot ^^H 












in the luual parisbea. 
Goarda to be lumished for Ilie 






IB Oct- ,, 












early on Wednesday morn- 




ru. aa in the older dated 




ing neit. the 90th insl., to 




I5tb of February, irsj. 




Hyde Pirk. to form a line 


1 Dec. .. 


3 The IfaiM companiea of the 




for the Kin; lo review the 








several troops of Horas 




pariahe. of Kolherhithe, Ber- 




Guards and Horse Grena- 




mondaey, and Newinglon, to 




dier Unards. 




be remoTed into Ihe parishes 
of SU Sopulchre'a. Clerken- 


iJnne. „ 








usual, from the 3 regis, of 




well. and St. Uileaa Crip- 




Foot Guards lo march ihe 




pleg;te. 




day after they have been re- 








viewed bv the Ring, to Old 




quartered in St. Giles's in 
Ae n.ld> lo remove into 




& New Windsor, and places 






■djaceat, lo ntlendupon Uieir 




Clerkenwell. St. Sepulclirs'*. 








■ad St. Giles's Cripplegate. 
IS comps. of the Coldaiream 
to be dUpoaed ofaa folloirs : 




dence at ihe Casile. 


siUj.nta 


33 .. 


. A detachment of 10() men. a> 






usual, to Windsor, to Mtend 




ISI. John'a. Wapping-, and 








Stepney. 


SSepl. ., 


. A detschmcnl of 2 serjt.,, « 




t Clerkenirell and Islington. 




eorpoTila. and a4 private sol- 








dier* (IS of whom are to be 
grenaJier.1 from Ibe three 




3Shor*ditcb. Norton F«lg«ie. 






and SpilaJ FJalds. 




regimenls of Foot Goirds, to 








march Alnnday next the 7th 




1 East SmithGeld and Si. Ca- 




inal.to Ihe PlanUlion Office 




Iheritw-*. 




oflar the Cockpit, there to 




1 Bermondsey and Mewington. 




follow Ibe orders of Alnred 


3S«pt. ., 


. AdetachmenlofllMlprivalea, 




Popple, Esq., Secretary lo 












con missioned officers pro- 




Tnde and Planralions. 






8 ., 






of Foot Guardl. 10 march on 




OQ the same doty on Wednes- 1 




Thuraday ihe 5th insl.. 10 




day the ^ib insl. Al» two ^^M 




Old ind .New Windsor, lo al- 








t<^d the king and Quxen at 




dared in addition. ^H 




WiodtoiCulle. 




. A deltebmeEii of l<» private ^^H 



428 ^^^^^^1 


STATIONS 


.—ConltHVed. ^^H 


Nu. <!(. 






meo, M UKUiil, from Ite llir*e 




moraio;, loUtd Palace Yat4, 




rcBt*-. to march to Wiodaor 




und tollow otiiefs from bis 




to Dlleatl their ftiij^stien. 




Royal Hirhnets the Dakt. 
and his Grace Uie IJuke U 


9 Oct. 1730 


. A dewcliioeni of 10 puttie 






mea,at usual, from the three 




Montagu, Great JMastifr of 




reGimentii of Fool UuhHe. Io 




Che orUer of the Iteth. darut 




lasrch 10 Windsor to do dutr 




the proeessiuo. inatslUtioo. 




>t the C'utlK. 




and dining of th« wieral 


13 ., ., 


. •■ It i» hia Mojesty's pleasure 




knights ol the Uuth. They 




■' tliat you cuoae George 




are to take c«n to son that 




"Ilanisoy, ■ grwnBilier ba- 




the coaches of the Debility. 




■■longinBtolliel'irlofAIbe- 




geulrf, BDd olhera, Uiat u 




■• niurla'a compiuiy in the 




through king Slnet tn l£e 




" ColJiirruu regiment of 




Abbey, do go rouiid Tetbill 




•• Fool Uonrda. lo be quat- 




Street, and return Uiiuugb 




" terod nt Bath, in oriler to 




St. Jamea-s Pwk. b; war of 




■' UM the »aleni tbore for 




Buckinghim House, to Si. 




" tb» rscOTOrT of bia limbs. 








■■ DybUMujesty'scommaud, 








" W1..M.VU S™iO»...Nt.." 


3 Oct. I7:t;l 


In Ibe City and Libettio* of 




gunrters of the Coldalream : 






m ,, „ 


Slu Soulbnurk, Uermondsey. 




In Kensington and the Gr*. 




St. OUte's, St. 3ariour-«, 




vel Pits. 




St. Tbomaa's. St. GBorfiu's 




li. Grimt and Little CheUei. 




PKrinheB. Ncwingtim, [he 
Cliult, Christ Churtb. imd 




and Walham Grt^en. 




4 Apr. 17;«l 


yuartera rfie sunie u on the 




Lambeth. 




3fd of October l«t. 




8 In the City and Ubertlca of 


5Muj, „ 










men. nsuauiil, from the thm 




1 In Great wd Little Cbekea. 




regU., lo march to Windsor. 


UaDe,1731 


■ The delnchment of the three 




to Jo Ihe duty of the Cutle. 






9 June. ,. 


A detacliment of ■i* meo. aa 




H»Inpto<> Court 10 marrb 




usual, fruju llie S regis., lo 
Hamplon Court, to do tbe 




to London snd joiu their 






rBBimenti. 




usual duty then;. 






"July, ., 






usual; from the three regts. 




stream. consUtiu. of S opt^ 
tisiilmltema,aUBdjt.,aMi]i.- 




of Fool Guards, to march 






^arly on Wediioadsy next, 




maj., and 3M priTotea, with 




the <lib inat.. to Hjde Park, 




non-oommiiwoned olEcvis, & 




to fonn > Una for the King 








lorerieir the Horse Guards 




much in t diTiaions on Sua- 




& Horse Grenadier Guards. 




day snd Monday ned. to 


19 .. 


9 One bott. of the Coldstream 




Hampton Court, and egcuap. 




(tbo Isl btltalion) to march 
fVoiu tbeir present quurK^rs, 
(he first day to Dartford 


5 Sept. ., 


A detachment of W prtraM 






men, as usual, from lbs three 


K . 






H 


and Ibe next lo ltocJ.o><ter, 




Quiirlers of the Coldatrwrni: 




Stroud, and Chalhsra, and re- 


fl Oct. „ 


In the Tower of London. 




nmin mi furtiier orders. 




In the barmcks in Ihe Saixiy. 
Quarters tbe same as on the 


H SAtig. ., 


9 The bait, of llie Coldstream 


M Apr. 1734 | 




to return from Kocheater. 




Bih October last. 




ChatliKm, and Stroud, lo 


IB June. ,. 




^■. 


London. 




regta.atWindsoriuic) Hanu- 


^B viuct. „ 


Quarlera of the Coldstream T 




ton Court lo march »«luX 




(laoompanies.) 




daynextsnd join their rejM^ 




B In Holborn dinsion. 




in order lo l.e retiew^ o^ 




I Clertenwell. 




Ihe f-Jnd insl. by tJie KiB( 




ISt. Sepulchre's and Gbss- 




in Hyde Park, aHtrwudj 




houxe Yard. 








aSt.Giles'a.CrippleRale. 




A dewcl.ment of 4m pririM 




^ In the Tower dirisiou. 




men. ns usual, from th^bM 


^H I.^JaDe.l73« 


8 Ihe quarters of ihe CoUJ. 




n'Eirae.itB of Foc,tGu«rd». to 




stream are the same .is ii, 




march oarly SMurdJS]^9lb i 




the order dated tflsl of Uolo- 




iost. lo Hyde Park. I^Ha 




ber last. 




a line for tbe King lo nrwir 




Four heiu. to bo made from 




the Horse Guards and Hmm 




ihe.l rei^. of Foot Guards, 




Grenadier Guards. 




and marcll on Friday lb« 






U. 


:linhi<ist.,by^o'alockiutl>e 


17 Oct, ., 







APPE.NUIX. 


~^1H 




STATIONS.— t■™Ii«l.^./ 


^1 


Nm. ..1 


cZfl. ^^ 




piiriihea ■■ eipressed in the 










uriler of WLii uf October, 






(ant. n aurgeon, *erjennt-uj«- 










jor. and 3tn priratet. with 




i In the Tower Dirision. 










4 In Kinthur, Division. 








Si Oct. ITM 


Iba quarters. 






day, 1st August, to Hamploa 


■■» .. ,. 


. Fulhun and Parson's Green 
ditto. 






lieve 'I'like'de'uSment "f 
rbe First Foot Guard*, now 


19 Mar. 17^ 


8 l^aners Ihe eame la on the 






there. ^^ 




17th of October last. 


17 Oct. 17-J7 




1'he cbuige of qusrler* of the ^^H 


■iSJuae.iTSt 


. A detachment of 5!! private 
men.asusuul. from the three 
tegis. of tinardi. to march In 
Windsor to do the usual 
duti It Ibe Cuile. 




9 
9 


the Ulh insunt. as loUows : ^H 
In Soutbwark. in the usuil ^^M 

pariahes. ^^^ 
In (he Lower liberty of West- 


11 Sept. ,. 


. A detflchmeni oCgS men from 






minster. 






-3 Mar. I73t 




(joarlets Ihe snme ns ordered 




Uuards. ■< UBUal. la mnreh 






oathel7thofOt.oberlssl. 




loHkunpion Court. 


15 June, ., 




Ihe delachmeuli of the three 


I3<)c(. ., 


(18 companies) :— 
U In Holbom dividon, >iid St. 

Andrew'*, Holbom. 
J In Finsbery division. 
8 Id tl>e City and Liberties of 


S" .. 




r^gimenle of Foot Unards 
at Windsor .nd Hiimploii 
i;oun to msrcli in London to 

lobe reviewedhy the King in 
Hyde Piu-k, and »fter»->r<l> 

turn. 

A detachment of 40n private , 
men ss usu:<l lr«in the tt.ri'e ^J 
r>!(imonlsof Fooitimirds to .^^H 


. I Apt. 1736 


men. u ilsuhI, from the three 
regiment, of Fool Guards, to 
march fo W indsor to do the 
dutyoftheCnslle. 






mBToh early on Saturday ^^H 
mominEnext, Mth insl.. ii> ^^H 
Hyde Park, to form . litie for ^H 
Ihe King to review the [lonw ^^M 
Guards and Hone Urenadier ^^H 


:iiMar. .. 


sguarters the »me is ex- 






^^^1 




pressed in Ihe order of 13ih 


S Oct. .. 




rhe Coldatrenm to chings ^^M 










quinera on Mth instant : ^^^1 


2 Ang. .. 


Srcjenni Smith, the quorler- 






(IScompoiiee.; ^^^H 
In Holborn division, and St. ^^H 




mM(erserje:uitof IheCold- 








.lre.m Ounrds. to allend 






Andrew's, Holborn. ^^M 




nlwajs ■( regimental court- 




S 


In Ihe Finsbury dirision. ^^M 
In the Tower diviaion. ^^M 




n.»rt.ale. 






98 S«pi. 1736 


the charge to take pluce on 
«.S(h October. 

« The first hsth-lion in llie bar- 
racH in the Shvoj. 


35 Oct. „ 




men. a* usual, from the three 1 
regimenU of Foot Guards to 
march lo Wind.or to do the 
oausi dolT of the Castle. 




9 Ihe second badalion in the 


29 Mar. 173!> 


IB 


The Coldstreun to remain in 1 




hMTaeksititbeToirer. 






the ouirters ordered on tod ^H 
OetoWlut. ^H 


M Mar. 173? 


8 Same qnartera ss ordered on 










11 Jnrw. „ 




The detachments of the three ^^H 


iildkj. ,. 


A detachment of W priv=.(e 
men, ai uaBl.lrom the three 
regiment* of Foot (iuards to 
march to Windsor to do the 
dutyoftheCnetle. 






Windsor and Hamploa ^^H 
Court to join their regimanw ^^^H 
inUndon.inorderlobere- ' 
viewed on Saturday next by 


ejul,. ,. 


The deuchmenti of the three 
St Windsor ud Uampton 






the King in Hyde Pari, anil 








sfterwiirda aimilur detach- 




Co«rttom«ebtol.ondonto 


19 ,. „ 




A delschment of MO private 














to be reviewed b; (he King 






of Foot Guard* lo Inarch 




in Hyde Park, and «f(er- 






early on Saturday morning 










neit,the«d lust., lo Hyde 




10 return to Windsor and 






Park, to form a line (or the 




Hampton Court. 






King to review (he Ho™ 


2SJuly. .. 








Uuudi. 1 



^^P *4^ APPENDIX.- ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


STATION S-tWMnwrf. 




C„a,p.. 


19julT,'i7S9l 


A llKticbment of 40 priiiiti! 


. May, 1!4S 


9|The first battalion of ibc 


men, u usuil. of th^ tbree , 








ngiroeuu of loot Gunrds lo 




mth May at Woolwicb, and 




much to Windsor lo do Uie 




landed at Oaiend. 




dutjroflheCHUe. 




9 The second balralion of tli* 


n Oci. „ 






Coldslream with four staff 




from Iblh iiisl.:-(18com. ] 




officers to be quartered la 




p-nie..) 




Ihe city and liberties ef 




Ut!.e Upper Liberty ofWeM- 










13 Oct. „ 


Quarters of the second batta- 




Kmainpon uid lbs Cravsl 






Pit.. ^ 




4 With « stuff offic^ers to tb> 




e U Holborn division, ind St. 




L'pper Liberty of We«au«- 




Andrew's, llnlboni. ! 








In m. Sepnkbre"* WilUout, ; 




5 With' 3 staff offi(>en in Hol- 




■Dd tili»«i-llou.B-Vjrd li- 




born division to St. Andrew's. 




botiy. 1 




Holborn ; not to intend 


II Dec. „ 


itO corporali or pri»ntea, 1 




to the outskiriB, of Kamp- 




good sober men, uid quiili- I 








tied by (heir writing to be 1 




I'own : nor beyond Toileo- 
ham Court Turnpike. Si. 




m«de»erjeMit». lo be draHed 






in oquil proportions nut uf 
the llir«a regis, of Guards, 




Mary-le-bone Chnich. rwru . 






aoyofthe«ljaceni outakiru 




and delivered over to tbe 




thereto belonging. 




catonaJsofthesiireelmenls 


8 Apr. 1713 


9 The second battalion ol tbe 




of mnriDea ordered lu be 




Coldstream to remain in lb* 




raised. 




quuurs ordered in the ww- 


W M«¥. 174U 


TbBBBme guard of the aevernl 




raot of 13th Ootobet laat. 




troops of Horse (Jusrds and 


33 .. 


All the recruits raiMd far ! 




regiments of foot Gourds to 




the Sr>t battalion of tbr 




be kept daring Ihe residence 








of bis Boysl Highness .he 




lalion of ibe Third FoM 




Dnke. end their KoyslHigh- 




Guards, to march to Gnvev 








end, and remain till Ihe. 




liltc'.roli'n.. '^rUuisJl'st 




can embark oo board Af 




St. Jsmes's. or Bny olher pa- 




transports for Flanders. 




tsce, ss when hU Mijesty is 


10 Way. „ 


Adetacbmenieounl to a bats- 
lion from tbe KinI and Cold- 








. June. „ 




slream Uoards under a i*U 




HouDs1o«rruml6>hJuaeto 




officer, and offip^ra in ptmsr- 




14th Oolober. 




tioa, tohold thcmeelvesua- 


10 Oct. „ 


The battalions of the three 












marcb on the lirat notice » 




enrunped ne«r Hounslow lo 




Unmet, or HiKhEate.otflvA 




msTch to London and be dis- 




other place bb shall be fan>« 




posed of in the Bune qnarlers 




necessary, to auppresa Oi 




as ordered in Uie wairnnta 




mutiny In Lord SempiU'i n- 




dated Wnd October, 17.19. 




gimenlofHigblonderawhid 


«1 ,. .. 






arc ordered to embmk 6* 




quarters on «lh inst. 








gin lbs Tower of London. 


IS July. ,. 


- A guard from the three rep- 




9 lu the bamcks in the Savoy. 




ments of Foot Oiuuita to w 


8 ,. 1T« 






con three deserten faa 




fromUlhiDstanl^ 




I.ord Sempiire recim«W tf 




9 Id Soalhwark. in the nsual 








ptmabes. & five staff officers. 




there to bo pr«»at al Ik 




8 Intbe Lower Liberty of West- 




execution of tbe twocofTD- 




minster, andS sUff officers. 




raU and private miui beli>C- 




f40 men in ditto. 








1 '^ 4t men in Great and Little 




Monday next. th« IBdi ia- 




L Chelaea&Walham Green. 




stant. 


16 Apr. 1743 


BlTie quarters of tbe Cold- 


4 Oct. .. 


9 The quarters of the Sod bB- 




stream the same ha ordered 




Ulion of the Coldltnss H 








be in the barntcba in the ^ 




tober last. 




1 voy from the SStb initaM. 


> Tbe Winiluir mid tlamptoa Couri pirtiea rontinupil to be Hat and reli*Ted t*ro or A>H 1 


timw ■ Te»r. or -• m ofiMi as ooceasiiry.'" till tlie year 170B. whsn Windsor boc»mo thctHIMl 


of u entire bRllRlion. J 








c™p.. 




. Oct. 1743 
. Feb. 174] 


9] llie Ut bstulion at Unusels, 






Guards at home, and march 


in vinler-quirters. 






to Windeor, there to remain. 


1 ITie Snd bsttslion marched 






lo be a guard upon the Duke 
lie Belleisle, muabal of 


on S9lh Fobnwrj, from the 








Psr«de. St. Jomes-s Park, to 






France. 






la Feb. 174!> 




A detachment of i officers ami 




iDd retomed to ihe SaToy 






60 men bom the 3 regiments 




barmcksoD the TOtb March. 






of Fool Guards to march to- 


14 Aug. 1744 


A detachment of 1 CBptain, 3 

oflLcers in proportion, to be 
tDDiie from the 4 bBttatiom 
of the 3 refimenla of Foot 






morrow to Greenwich, and 
conduct the Marahal Belle- 
isle from the place of his 
landing to his quarters: M 
soon as he is son?, the party 




Uaardsathome.andlobeat 


*S ., 




The detachment of Guards. 




Vauihall to-morrow, the Ulh 






as soon as replaced in the 










dulT upon .Marshal Belleiale 
at Windsor.und other duties 




of irar. as far as Guilford. 








□n their way to Porchester 






of Ihe Castle. lo march lo 




Ca«Je. 






London to join their regi- 


4 Oct. ., 


A serjt. and 16 priiale men 










From the 4 bmulionsathome 


. July. „ 




A halUlion farmed out of the 




of the 3 regitoeuls of Fool 










Guards, to be at llolbom 






ofFoot Guards at home, em- 




Ban to morroir momiag. the 






barked *4th July, in the ri- 




5Ui inst.. to usist in safelj 






Ter, for Osiend. 




conreriog the pri«.ner. or- 


SI Sept, .. 




The 1 battalions of the Cold- 




dered for eiecnlion to !>- 






strewn Guards to be disposed 




bum. and in presenting the 






of in quarters as follows : 




rescue of ibe sud prisoners. 




4 


Uf Ihe 1st battalion, in Fins- 




(1 The 2nd battalion of theCold- 






bury dirision, n-hich quarters 




Blream to remote to the 






are not lo extend further than 




Tooer of London, on Ihe 






Islington Chureb. 




4.Sih instant. 




* 


Uf the 1st batulion. together 
wiih 17 suff offiera, in the 




9 The 1st battalion, winler- 








quarlerastGhent. 






Tower dirision. 




A sofficient detachment from 




9 






Ihe 4 battalions at home of 






tbst is to ««y, Rotherhilhe. 




the 3 regiments of Foot 






Sl.Jobo-g Bermondsey. St. 
Olsve-s. St. Thomas-.. St. 




Guards to receive from a 








Teasel off the Tower upwards 






Ssvionr'B. Clink Liberty. St. 




of 50 prisoners of war. and 






George's NewiuEton, ChrisI 




escort them a* far as Guil- 






Church, and Umbeth ps- 




ford, on their way to Por- 






rUhes. 




chester Castle. 


« .. .. 


9 


Fhe 1st battalion of the Cold- 


«> .. 


. The rame detachment also to 
receive from the keeper of 
the Savoj, Hanry Gray, an 






atnnin disembarked at the 
Tower. Jkc. on S3rd Septem- 
ber, lioin Flanden. 






i6 „ 




Fhe Coldattenm to encamp 










in Hyde Park forlhwitb. 




Liea I. -General Philip's re- 


3 Get. .. 




A delschmeni of t capls.. B 




giment, and com ey him with 






aubultems. snd 400 privula 




theprisonemofwar to Guil- 
ford, on hie way to Porls- 














officers in proportion, to be 




moulh to embark for New- 






made from tlie three regis, of 










Fool Guards, snd march to 


59J«n. 174j 


. A detjchment of tlie Guards 
from St. James's, to consist 

°oA '.?.'; "C^nlT'^no- 






the Tower of London to re- 
lieve the Snd halt, of the Srd 
Guarde in (he duty of that 




conrieted of high treason. 


19 .. 














'■ Hint Ton cxuse tbe ball, of 




Newgale, it being appre- 






- Foot Guards (coming from 




hended that some atieopl 






"OatendJ.nponlheir land- 




mty be made to rescue him. 






" iag at Yarmoulh. lo march 


1 Feb. „ 


. A delaehioeot of 150 men. 






■' to London and join the 3 
■■ regts.of Guards lo which 

Like 7rder^iuld ihe bait. 




to be made from the 4 halts. 












m. 


land M Uorer or tlarwich. 






STATIONS 


—Centinved 






No. or 


c™p.. 


. OCI.174S 


, The bi.tt, of the 3 rtigla. of 
Uuwd., ■■ which Mfted Bt 
Ostend," arrived in the 






regiment, and other our for- 
ces, in iba duty of Uisl gv- 




ri»er snd linded on the Sftth 


SI Dec. 174S 




n.B two battalions oTlLe Cold- 




October. 






follows, ftom a6lh instant ^ 




g On the 35ih October, the Sad 








b«lt. of the Coldstrewn ra- 




4 


Of the first balLlion in Fins- 




Uered xho Ind ban. of the 






bury division, which qcar- 




Srd GuinU at the Saroy 






tera are not lo eitead beyoBd 




bBiTBcks ; ordered to quar- 






Islington Church. 




lor in the Tower Hamlets. 






Of the Grit batlalioa. together 
with ir «Uff officers, in the 


21 Not. „ 


, Two of the 7 bjtta, bHlonging 








the regis, of Foot GuHrda in 






Tower diviaion. 




London ( the lit ball, of tiie 




9 


Of the aecond battalion, in 




1st iind 3rd regis.) to march 






Southwark : pariabca as b»- 




from hence on Saturdar next. 






fure. 




the 33rd iiul., lo Litchfield. 


M .. 




The qunner-mnslera lo pro- 
vide biUela for the first W- 


















t.d>oiiB of each of the Ihrve 










regiments orGiu.t<la(onihHr 




S balls, of Foot Giiardi, or- 






march from Litchfield]. s>d 




dered to ihe cimp near Litch- 






meet tbem to-moirow mora- 




field, rem«niDg in London. 






ine m HigheatP, to deliver 




lo inarch Ibtlhwilh and join 






lh« billets lo tbem. 




ibn companies to nbtch they 
beloi,g. 







A corporal from eaeb co». 


» - 


S The lat hill, of Iho Cold- 






of the ColdsUesm to go Is 




etrenm (innrds, in London. 






fligbgale to-morrov mom- 




to mnrdi from hence to-mor- 






ing. Id receive the men lent 




row moruiiie the lUlh inal. 






to (lie lirat bnttnlion, and go 




lo Notlinghnra. 






with them to the qaarteraof 


S6 „ 


g NotoilhstaadiDg any foraiar 










order lo the contrary. Ihe 1st 


SSJau. 1741 














ler-maater-atrjeant of e«i 




Gnarda on their arrival si 






repment of (juarda to go lo 










Highgote on Tuesday neil. 




thence on Snnday the lal of 
Dec. neil to Litchlield. 






to meet Colonel Lambba 












An officer with a prnpi^r Euard 
lo e»corl ibe baggage bclong- 
iog 10 the first bnltalion of 






march from Cariiale. aod de- 








liver biUela to tli« men. who 








are lo march from thence Is 




the Coldstream regiment of 






tbeir quarters. 




Fool Goiinl», from London 


llJune.lT* 








to y Wlifield. where they we 






tie three regimonu of fool 




to join, or follow Ihe bait. 






Guards lo be at Soulhwart 


W ., 


Major-General BragK'a regi- 






on Saturday, the 14lh iniuml. 




ment lo msrcli from Ihe camp 






to escort about 400 Frencfc 




near Danford. tn iho Tower 






priaonera lo Porchsalar Cis- 




of London, lo replace Ihe de- 






tle. 




Ipchmenl from Ibe three re- 


36 Aug. „ 


S 


Ihe aecood batlnlion of th. 




gimenlB of Fool Gnarda in 










the duly of Ihni garrison. 






Chaa. KuaseU. to bold tliea- 


■» .. 


A dram-maior and a corporal 






selves in readiness to (o ca 








service. Embarked tm HMk 




march from London to Berke- 
leT. 






Sepl. St the Tower wbarf.fct 
Ihe inuisporU in tbe ri»»i. 


6 Dm. .. 


Fonr of the five componiea of 

doing duly in London, lo 
metcli 10 St. Albuia.-(Or. 






ooaeecreteipediti™, SaiW 
from Plymouth lOiI. Oclnbtr. 
snd relumed on tho iM. 
reached the Downs M«h Oc- 








tober, and proceeded to ibi 




dMCBnceOed.) 






river lo diaembark. 


91 .. 




13 Sept. ,. 




Ao officer, 4 aerieaots, 4 cor- 










poral*. 1 drummer, and it 




tale men, wiih nou-commia- 






private men , belonRing to d* 




(ioned officers in proportion, 






Firal and Coldeirem^ leci- 
menteof Foot Guards, uW 




from the three regiments of 








Foot Guards, to march on 






Jo tbe duty at Ibe maeiBM. 




Mond^iy iiBit to the Tower. 






_ 




IB ,. 









STATIONS 


, — Omritnifd. 








.«< 


h<>.Dt 












U Mai, 174; 




A detHchniiml conaisling of t 




GrsTaeend, and croia the ri- 






Ckptain, 5 luhaltenis, IS aer- 




TertoTilhurryort.iodotbe 






jeanta, IS corporals, 6 drum- 




dutT of that place. 






mtra, and tSX private men. 


9Sept.174ti 


9 The Grsi b.tnliooof the Cold- 
Btnt^im, witb 11 *tuffoffie«n. 
(ogelhw with 279 men be- 






to be made from the four bai- 
lalionsof Che three regiments 
of Foot Guuds doing duty at 
home, lo relieve the third 




lonsing to the second batlu- 








lion(onKrviee).tobequnr- 






battalion of First FoatGuaidB 








in the duty of the Tower. 




from tiie IMh inatant^ Khiob 






Of the first battalion of th« 




quutan Kro not to eilend 










hejond Puicna, Totunham 






borne, to be quiirlered in Iha 




Court. Slary - le - bono, ra 










KeDtiah TowD. 






pulchre's. and Islington, till 


16 Oct. „ 


. Tbe twobittalioniofGoarda, 










(ibirdbatUlioDortheFinit. 


leSepL „ 


9 


Fimi battalion of the Cold. 




and second battalion of the 






llresm, with 14 staff officera. 




Coldstream.) upon their be- 






to be quartered from iSid 










inatant in Southwark. 




end. 10 march to London. 






fhe second battalion of the 


W „ 


Au officer and 111) man be- 






Coldstream at lktis-]e-l)uc. 




longing to [ha three reji- 


li Oct. „ 




A cItrlBchment of 1 officer and 




m«nu of Foot GiiardB. to 










march from London to Til- 






sioued officer* in proportion. 




bnry Fort, to reliete the de- 








taeliment there, which is lo 






tbe Fool Gtianla at home, la 




return to London. 






escort aboDt 50 recruit* and 










deserlem from the Savoy lo 














y With 11 btafi- officer*, in Hol- 
bora di.iMon. 






pendant companiea ordered 
on an expedition. 




9\Vnh e staff officer., in Fina- 


15 Not. „ 








bnry and tlie Toner diri- 






altompt will be made to res- 
cue Thomas I'nryour, alias 




■ions : which qunneri are 








not to eitend beyond Isling- 
ton Church, Radcliff, Stepney 














eiecuted to-morrow at Ty- 












Green, Bow-bridge, not so 






burn, a sufficient detachment 




fur as Hackney. 






is to be made from the four 


S4N0T. ,. 


An officer, 6 Mrjeante, 6 Mr- 

nii'';h'^h™^^S^i.rof 

Fool Gnarda, to relieve the 






baluhons of Foot Gnarda at 

home, to usaial in escorting 
tbem to Tyburn, and during 
thfl etecotion. 




detarbmenl of Guurds now 


18 Apr. 174B 




A draft of lat men to he made 




at Tilbory Fort. 








M „ ., 


made from the three rsgi- 
menta of Foot Giurds. and 
be at the new snol inSopth- 
waifc on Friday neit, the SBth 
inatant, lo agsist in guardioE 

and likewise be assiating do- 
rint! their eiecntian. 






at home ; namely. 57 from 

from the Coldstream -, which 
men its lo leave their aima 
and accoutrements with their 

wiiha proper number of eom- 

sioned officera to Harwich. 


4 Apr. 17« 


1 he detachment of theSregta. 






and embark for HelvoelSluya. 




of toot Guard* at Tilbury 


25 May, .. 




The Horse and Fool Gusrda to 




Fort to r,tura to London. 






da the same doty al the pa- 


5 May, ,. 


9 The aecood battalion of the 
Coldstream to embark on Sa- 
turday, the 9th infant, i.t the 






tlie Princesses, as when his 
MaJBity is prpsent in person. 




Tower wharf, on bo«^ the 


15 Sept. .. 


9 


The first battalion ofthe Cold- 










slreim, wilb 14 staff officera, 










to be quartered from the a3rd 




Graresend. 






inslaot in the Lower Liberty 




9 The second battalion of the 










Coldttreiun anchored in the 
hnrbour of Fluihing ou the 


18 Deo. ., 




A sufficient detachment from 












lEIh ilMUIt. 






Gturds doing duty at home, 



I 

I 



* 



^^^^^^^^^^ APPENDIX.' ^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


STATIONS^Cmnnwrf. ^^^| 


c" 


-".'. 


Com^' ^^H 




10 recoive one Beiem (fot- 




order dated 15th Feb. IT») 
from tbe 3 r«gta. of Guards 




merlr b Boldier in the (Juards, 






but lail iin officer io Ihe In- 




are to attend to presena or- 




dejieadent compnnies in tiie 




der, and oblige the musicians 








and butlers to retire in good 




deserted to Ihe French) from 








(he keeper of the Sbtot, and 
essojt bim by way of Har- 


as Apr. 1750 


"TweWe deserters, in the 






" .SsToy, wbomIlomB^hBnI- 








■■ ship would lake on board. 




Ihej nre Io deUrer him over 
to Lieu(.-Geii. Huske, and 










" last year when they em- 




foQow bi> orden. 




■■biirked.tbnl il irus ne«e«- 


«l Der. 1T4B 


rhe second battalion of (he 




•■ mry to hmd them nl Pons- 








■■ mouth, being ordered to 




Fliindem), will. 16 .luffofG- 




-Plymouih 10 embark on 








<- board II.M S. Kunlww for 








■■ NOTU Scotia, n sufficieut 




ainitieTowerdiTmon. 




■■ delaehment ia Io be made 




1 In the pariah of Si. Luke's, 




'■ From thearegla. ofGiunls 




Middlesex. 




■' to escoTI them u fu a< 




Pan of the bstielioo sailed on 




■' Eieter." 




16th December froia Wil- 


fiSepi. ,, 






liUDitadl t diapersed in a 
gale, and landed on the SOIh 




staff officers, to be (laartensd 






F>a» the Mth ionunt io tbe 




at Yamoaib. 




Upper Liberty of Westmln- 


fS .. 


All the men belongina W his 








Majeaty's three regiments of 




6 With 10 SUff officer*. In the 








llolbom ai*iaioti; which 




Ynmouth, la march to Lon- 




quariera are nut loexieod be- 




don, where Ibejare to join 




yond St. Pancraa Church. 




the leTerul compuuea (o 




Toltenham Court. Kentish 




which dies belong. 




Town.or Psddington Clmrch, 


mjai. 174| 


That part of the Coldstream 




nor include the Kolls Li- 


regiment of Guards on board 




berty. 




Ihe tran.pons. under Colonel 
IJedworth Lambton, arriTsd 




3 With 6 staff officeni, ia the 






parishes of Clerk enwell, St. 
Sepulchre-., Glass- Hooae- 




iDtheDon'DsfroniWilUDtu- 










Yard, St. Luke's, and TsUng- 




embarked and march to Lon- 




toD, not to extend beyond 




don. 




the church. 


as«pt. „ 




6 Dec. „ 


The sick men of the Cold- 




staff olBcerB, to be quartered 




stream to be quartered at 




from 33rd inautit in South - 




Hisbfate. aa the conunaBd- 




wurk; not to extend abovp 




ine officer and surgeon shall 




half n mile beyond Rother- 




think proper, for their nco- 




hilho Church, nor above half 




9 o7t£e 1.1 batt. of the Cold- 




amilobejondVauxhaliturn. 


3 Sept. 1731 




pike. 




stream, from ie3rd inat., in 




9 Id the Tower of London. 




the S«TOy barracks. 


17 Oct. .. 


. Sixteen criminals being or- 




9 With Id staff olGcera of the 




dored forsKBCution lo-mor- 




'ind bactilion. in the Loiret 




rnw, the 18lh instsnt, and it 








may not be safe to conduct 


97 Aoe. 17ii 






lered aa follows, {nm the 




them (0 (be pla<e of eiecu- 




a^lh of September uftii: 




lion without 8 guard, a suffi- 




8 With 14 staff officers of the 




cient detachment ia to be 




lit battalion, in the Tower 




made from lh« three regi- 




Hamlets. 




ment, of Foot Guards to L- 




1 With 4 Btaff officers, in Fins- 


sisl in safely conducting the 




bury dirision. 


said malefactora to Tyburn, 




9 With 16 staff officers of tha 




nod remain till ihoy shall 




«nd bMtalioti, in Southwark. 




have anffered sccording to 


10 Feb. 1753 


Order for quartering eiEht 










S3 Oct. 1T« 


As often SB notice ia giteo by 








Mr. Robert Arthur of a ball 




5Wiih 9 staff officers in that 




to be held at the King's The- 




part of the Tower Hamleta 




a(re, Haymaritel. a detact- 




not occupied by the comp*. 




n>en( of 100 men (with the 




of tbe lat Foot Guarda, not 


^ 






to extend beyond M.U-.*d | 



V 


APPENDIX. T^^^^^B 




STATIONS.— Co../i»i.«rf. ^1 


Ni 


«( 






1" 


c™p.. ^^ 








time at Higbgate, Finrhley, 








llomsey, and Stoke Newing- 




t\ ilh 6va tttS officers, in die 








pxriahei of Clerkenwell, 


90 Oct. 17dcj 


rhe'ut balia. of tbeSregta. 












V.rd. St. Luke., and la- 




the ^M 




linEtod. [Tbi] cbiiBge wat 


IS Mar. 1736 










* opts.. 4 lieutt.. 4 ensigns. ^^M 




of [be l»t bill. First Guirdi 




IS terjesuts, 19 corporsls, 8 ^^B 




being remoTed from the 




men. under Col. Hudson, to 




Tourer lo qiinrlets in Oie 






Tower Himleli : p»n of the 
birrwki in the Tower being 
■boot to be tiken down aii 




be mude from the 4 batts. of 






the 3 regis, of Guards, not 






under order*, to take the 




r-built.) 




field, snd leitin their march ^H 


M Aug. 17dS 


!, Of the Ut bB(l*lioa Cold- 




cm 1'uesday neit the 16tli ^H 




■treuD.idlhe Tower of Lon- 




inst. to Doer Caslle. and ^H 




don, from lb« IM, of Ssp- 




receiTH directions from the ^^M 




tember n«xt. 




engineer for carrying on the ^^| 




4 With B >t*ff officer*, in tbat 








put of the lower ll«mlei» 


91 ,. .. 






laoil contiguous lo the Tow- 




suhiilterns. and 130 men. 




er, not lo eilend beyond 




with noD-eommiMioned offi- 








cers in proportiou. from tha 

3 regis, of Foot Uuards, to ^^ 

escort « convoy of artiUery ^^H 




George-s Chuicb, nor Old 






lirBvel Une. 






Q Uf the Snd b.lt.. wilb 16 staff 




■tores from the Tower to ^^^H 




affirers. in the Upper Ubett; 








of n'estminsler. which quu- 




return lo London. ^H 




teia ire not toeit tend bBTOnd 


3 Apr. .. 












»r „ 175* 






ral*. 4 drummers, and 130 ^H 




bum Uth September: 




priimtameo. lo be made from ^^H 




6 Of the lit bitl.. with 10 auff 




the first brigwie of Guards. ^^M 




olBcen, in Holbom diriaion. 




and eacort on Tuesday neit ^^H 




3 With 6 ataff oftcera. in Fina- 




lhe6thiBS(.fiomSl. George's ^^H 




bary diTuion. 




Fields a convoy of gunpow- ^^H 




9 Of the Ifnd batt., in the Sbjoj 




der and artillery stores to I^^H 




barracka. 






4J.I.. 175S 


Aa often m notice ia giren by 




return to London. ^H 




Mr. Benjamin Slay of ■ b«U 




On Ibe delinery of the stores 




tob^beldattheKing-aThe- 












9 serjts., S corporals. 1 drum- 




from the S regU. to aliend, 




mer, and 30 men of ibe de- 




aa directed in the order 








dMedlJtIioffeb. 17«l. 
■■ Whereas we have ihoogbt 




field-pieces and detschmeni ^H 


lApr. ,. 




of artillery belonging to the ^H 
Royal Fusiliers, and eacort ^H 




" lit to Older each fomptmy 






" in our tbree regts. of Fool 




them from thence to Wool- ^^H 




■■ Guards to be forthwith Bug- 




^1 




"mented-. our *ill & pW- 












Guarfs at Do.er Castle to 








return to London. 




" Guards lo be disposed of 


ISMay, .. 


9 The 9nd batt. of the Cold- 




■'loqoaneraiufolioin:" 




stream to remoTe from Iheir 




9 Id the Sairoy bamcks. 




qunrters in the Tower Ham- 




6W,iblO.Uff officers, in HoU 




lets. &c.. and to he " in cau- 




bom diTision. 




■■lonment in the New Horse 




3 With 6 IMF officers, in Fins- 




" Gnarda " from 14ib May. 




bury diriaion. 


8 Jane, .. 


. A del«.bment of 1 Ueut.. 1 


13 Au«:. ., 


9 Of the lal battalion Cold- 




ensign, and 03 prirale men, 




stream, from (be !Mh iost.. 












Shalts.ofGuardsdoingduty 




quartered in the Lower Li- 










at the well end of the town 




7 Of the Xni bati., with 19 staff 




( Ihe Gtsi brigade and Tower 




off™., in the Tower Hamlew. 




halt, being excepted) to es- 




t With 4 staff officers, in Fins- 




cort [be waggon* of powder 




bury dif laion. The sick men 








to be quartered from time to 




aian bnu. lo Farnhwi, and 1 







1 


^^H 




STATIONS— O.-'ii.ii'J 


' 


C mi». 


Comp.. 




■lietK-anl* reluin lu l^n- 






& cross lo the Ijleot l.lBb^ 


mj-.ly.I766 


(Idh. 
. K dvtacbmetit rrom die Em 
b>ttts. of the lliree regU- of 
UannJB, larminK Ihu liret 
briitule, to enCHmp in Hyde 
P.rk from IStb Juli, Willi 
■ii lielU Ruus for pntciicH : 
to be relieved from lime lo 
ttme. 






wbeto tbny are lo eDcana. 

sailed lat June for (he coaai 
of i'uaioe t returned to 
CoweB.aDd Ixnded 50, July. 

■ailed for (be F».ocl,%(«t 
Isl Aueoet : retorngd te 
MeyiDouth Koada 19tJi A«K- 


OOct. „ 


. Do to msTcb to-morrow ti.e 
Mlh insU from the cuap in 
Hjde l>iirk 10 their re.pec. 






SailrrI :II.t Aug.. u.d UikM 
in the H-y of St. Lunaire «b 
September embarked lo lb* 
■lay of St. Caa the lltlt : re- 


eoNoT. .. 


b«lt. oft be Colditreun : 
6 Wiib lU auff officers, in tbe 






turned to Cowo«i laadtd 

*l Newport.] 
Held-Marabnl Lord Lie<nu*r 




llpp« Liberty ofWe«n.^ 


18 Mhj. n:* 






3 To ramaiii io Uieir preaent 










iot^uiiXn I'st" Mh".^'*; 






Guarda doing duty at Uh 
weet end of iCe Iowa, do fw 










ono comp. Unify Lmie, Si. 






the fulure nmunt '■ by hatt." 




MlWin'.. LoiiK Aere, fl. New 


t!)SepI. .. 


9 


n.eI.(ba.t.lioi.oftl«CoU. 




Street, uno comp«ny Drurj 






atream (on aninl b<m 




Une. St. CUmi-nfs, Holy- 






Portiiuoutb Jin Upper Weal- 




well. Biiil Mieer Lane. 






nunater, whoas quart<w> an 




9 ibe £nd batt. - in CKiton- 






not to extend beyond Km- 




■• mwt in the New Horse 






ainpoo Cburch. 




" Ounrd*." 




9 


The and batt. to remore ft» 


«Apr. 17A7 


. KiuU end diitorboncei bar- 

ing tekeu place in tbe Doch- 
Vnrd M Woolwich, the .1 






the Ijorto Goards to the 
ToweronlfitI, October. 




aott. ., 


9 


The let bait, lo CTOS* ftnai ih« 




bmltB, of Guards in canlon- 










uirxl to usemble, and a de- 






and march to tbeir qaatteta 




t^ichment mnde therofram of 






iu London. 






as Nor. ,. 




■ be alaS- officers of the CoM- 










(Irsam haria; been omitted 










■n the King-* order of (he 










^Jlh of Sept. last for qor- 










lering Ibe regt., it ia Ua 




wich to iiBiistin auppressing 






Alajeaty'a pleuore tbat tbe 










Si siaff olGcera beloncing la 










Ihe said regl. be quarteivd 
in Upper We^tmiitateT. 


5 AUE- .. 


A dBtiichment. under Captain 










16 Dec. 17.'« 














regt., Coldalream, and Third 




enaign, k 40 men. with non- 






Cuarda. Utely priaooera in 














portion, to be made from the 






to maicu froiD Dover to Loo- 




firat brigade of Fool (iuards, 






don, and iaiii their rwgta. 
Serjeant Neate of tho Cold- 




■ind be at ihe Towor oa the 


9 Jan. 1759 






6tb inat. to eaeort powder &- 






mream lo conduct tbe reoo- 










Tered men from Nawporl in 




■■ to arrive on the lltb, the 






the Isle of Wight loLondM. 




detachment to encamp every 
nigbt on their march, and 






where tbey ar« to join tbrnt 














13 .. 




3regt.. ofGuiirdawEowere 




duty ID return lo London. 






31 Out. ., 


9 The lal liBtialion of the Cold, 
mraaroiuquartera, us before! 
Uie uen who are to cbanE» 

ibefllarm-poitBofUieirooid. 






taken priaonera at .St. Ca«, 
ond lately arriTod Inim U. 

Ponamonll..tomarebtoLcui. 
don and join their reiimnita. 




pauies, and move into their 


31 July. ,. 






iiuurtera. 




place in lheCoW.trr™«t. 
the quartera a» to be for iIm 




9 I'hL- aecond battalion remain 






III aelloraeUunrda. 




1st and bid battulioua tbe 


G AUl, 17J8 


9 I'he let battalion of the Cold- 




■ntne us expressed in lb* or- 




alieam to marcji on Toesday 




drr dalod sBth Sept. Iwu 


^ 




33 Oct. ., 





APPENDIX. 



437 



STATIONS.— Conhnnfrf. 



No. i*f 
Compn. 



8 Dec. 17.59 



5 Apr. 1760 



23 July, „ 



■"* »» »» 



. Aug. „ 

11 Dec. „ 
28 Mar. 1761 



1« Aug. .. 



30 Mar. 176$ 



6 Aug. „ 



ing taken place in the Cola- 
stream, the quarters of the 
regiment are to be for both 
battalions the same as in the 
order dated 29th Sept. 1758. 

It haying been represented 
that the quarters of the 2nd 
battalion in the Tower are 
not sufficient to contain the 
men, they are to be enlarged 
with the Tower Hamlets, so 
that they do not extend be- 
yond Ratcliff Cross. 

Another augmentation baring 
taken place in the Cold- 
stream, the quarters of the 
regiment are to be : — the Ist 
battalion in Upper West- 
minster, and 2nd battalion in 
the Tower and the Tower 
Hamlets, according to a for- 
mer order. 

The 2nd battalions of the 3 
regiments of Foot Guards to 
march to such places as shall 
be couTenient for their em- 
barkation for Germany. 

Such men and horses of the 
2nd batulion of the Cold- 
stream ordered to embark for 
Germany, to march to and be 
quartered at Dartford. 

The 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream joined the army under 
Prince Ferdinand near the 
village of Buhne, 25th Aug. 

Do. ordered into winter-quar- 
ters at Paderbom. 

A detachment of 574 men from 
the 5 regts. of Guards to join 
tJie battalions in Germany. 
(Kmbarked 5rd of April at 
the Tower Wharf, in lighters 
appointed to take them to the 
transports at Gravesend.) 
9|rhe Ist battalion of the Cold- 
stream to be quartered as 
follows, from 25th instant : — 
40 men per company, with 20 
staff officers, in Holbom and 
Finsbury dirision, and the 
remainder in the Savoy bar- 
racks. 

The 400 drafts from the three 
regts. of Guards destined to 
recruit their respectire bat- 
talions in Germany to march 
with all possible expedition 
to Graresend for embarka- 
tion. (**To embark on Sa- 
'* turdaT, 3rd April, onboard 
" bilanders, ana proceed to 
" the transports at Grares- 
"end.") 
9|The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream to be quartered as fol- 
lows, from S5th instant : — 40 
mto per comptny, with 20 
staff ofieers, in the Tower 
Haalats, whose quarters are 



Corap*. 



15 Sept. 1762 



23 Dec. „ 



»» »» 



27 Feb. 1763 



28 „ 



»• 



S Aug. „ 



.. „ 17<H 



2 „ 1765 



fO „ 1766 



M July, 1767 



16JiiiM,176B 



VOL. II. 



not to extend beyond Step- 
ney Church ; and the re- 
maining part of the battalion 
in the Tower of London. 

A detachment of 6 officers and 
224 men, from each of the 4 
battalions of Guards at home, 
to march on 20th inst., under 
Major-Gen. Hudson, and en- 
camp near Windsor, to attend 
at the installation of Knights 
of the Garter. 

Fhe 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream, on their arriral from 
Germany, to be quartered 
(with 24 staff officers) in the 
Tower Hamlets, not extend- 
ing beyond Stepney. 

The 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream mustered at Vreden 
on 3l8t December, 1762. 
9 The 2nd batulion of the Cold- 
stream, under the command 
of hieut.-Col. Craig, off Yar- 
mouth, to disembark, and 
march to Sudbury, Laren- 
ham, and places adjacent. 
(The batt. landed at Yar- 
mouth the 26th February.) 
9iThe 2nd batulion of the Cold- 
stream to march from Sud- 
bury, &c., on the 10th of 
March, and arrire at their 
quarters in London on the 
13th. 

The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream» with 20 staff officers, 
to be quartered in Holbom 
and Finsbury diyisions. 

The 2nd battalion, with SO 
staff officers, in the borough 
of South wark. 

The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream, with 25 staff officers, 
to ba quartered in Upper 
Westminster. 

The 2nd batt., with 25 staff of- 
ficers, in the Tower Hsmlets. 

rhe 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream to remain in their pn- 
sent quarters. 

The 2nd battalion to remore 
to the Tower of London. 

The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream to remore to the Sft- 
Toy barracks. 

The 2nd batt. to be quartered, 
namely : 6 companies, with 
34 staff officers, in Holbom 
division ; and 3 compsnies, 
with 16 staff officers, in Fins- 
bury division. 
9|The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream, and 25 staff officers, to 
be quartered in Sonthwark. 
9|The 2nd battalion, with 25 
staff officers, in Upper West- 
minster. 
8|The grenadier eompsnies of 
the 5 regts. of Gnsrds formed 
2 P 



STATIONS.— r<mr>*iu^. 


cZv'- 1 


a-.s. 1 




iiiLo ( twItiJian, la murcli ou 




Cbutch. Spium^lda ; ud Sl 




Moncfsy the Wlh inaiai.t to 




Leaaard'a, Sbomiilch ; to 




RicbmoDd and Pete»hu>n, id 




aid in sappreiisinc any tu- 
mulW or tiou in ifaatneigb- 




order to their being reviewed 






bT the king oi> lueadsy tlie 




bonrbood. 




SHth iiuTint, and »n«rward« 


S4 July. 1770 


o The lal batlBlion of the Cold- 




ratum lo their qunners. 






leJune.lTCaiG 


The Colditresni to mnrch on 




with 17 staff offirtrs, to be 




Motidny the STtb inttuit from 




qunrlered ta Holboni diii- 




their preient quarter* : vii. 




aion; and 3 compa.. and S 




one bmtalioii to Mitchun, 




ataff officera. in Kioabnir di- 




Stieatham, Wimhledon. Mer- 








lon, Upper imd Ijiwar Tool- 




9 ind batt.. with •-> lUff WE- 




ing ; end the other httlalion 




cera.in the borough of Soalb. 




lo W«,(!sworth. ClaphEm, & 




walk, not lo eilend balf • 




Claphum Common, in order 




a mile beyond Rolherbilbt 




lo their being reviewed by 




cburcb, and half a mile bt- 




IheKinKOOlheSaihinsiam, 




yond Vauiboll turnpike. 






ai Aug. 1771 


9 The lat batialioa of the Cold- 




GaordB, nnd uftem-Brda re- 




alream, with »5 alaff oAcex. 




turn 10 tbeir quBrwri in Loo- 




to be quartered in Upper 




don. 




Wealminiter. 


lOAng. „ 


The 1>1 beltnlion of (be Cold- 




9 Znd bail., with 3.^ atsffpSon. 




eliBimi, »ilb 50 .Wff officer.. 




iu the Tower Uamleu. 




to he quiuiered in the Tower 


94 Jnly. ITTK 


9 The let battalion of the Md- 




Hsmtete. 




atrenm, with M .Uff oScert. 








to be quartered in Lppw 


SOet ,. 


The eight eominnies ofgreni- 

diarvVlongmgio ihe three 




Weaiminat^r. 
9 Snd batl-, loww of Londoa. 




rogl».ofFoolliuani»loniarch 


11 Aug. 1773 






from their present quurlera 




atream lo remove to the S» 




OBFnd«jthe7thin»Unl,.it. 




Toy barracka. 




* fompa. to W»nda«orth and 




a iad bail., via., 6 comM, >id 
»l awff oflieers, to be qB«- 




Wimbledon, and 4 to Putney 






and Puloor Bowling Green ; 




lered in Uolbora dirjaiea.fc 




and, after being reviewed by 




.i compa.. with 16 anff of- 




the king, to return to lhe.r 




licere. in Finabury di.ino. 




qunrlBr*. 


to July. 1774 




irJiiDe.lTG91 


The Coldstream lo march from 




elream. with 35 aTma-oScm. 




Iheir present quarters on Fri- 




in the barDnch of SonUiiniL 




da, the *3rd jna.ant, vii. : 5 




9 and bait., witE «5 ataff oOfra. 








in Upper Weatminatat. 




Kingalou; and 4 to Wimble- 


a6 „ mb 


>< The 1 St bstulion of tba C«U- 




don. Mertoa, Upptr* Lower 




atream. with 50 ataff <««« 




Tooting, and MiK:bam ; and 




tn the Tower HnnlaU. 




6 compa. of the other batt. 




9 ^nd baltalion. Saror baiwb. 
9 The lat battalion of the CM- 




to Putney, Pulney Bowling 


17 Feb. 1776 




Green, KoehDmpton,&FuU 




slreiun. with .W alaffoSceti, 




hue, and 3 compa. to \\'snds- 




in Ihe Tower Hnmleta. 




wonh. in order lo be re- 




9 iod ballalioo. Savoy barracU 




Tiewed by ihe King, and af. 
leiwarda relurn In London. 


3 Mai. „ 


. Such partiea of the Ind ban. 






of the Coldalream aa iUI 


24 July. ,. 


g Urn lat balKdion of the Cold- 




be neceaaary on bccodbI J 




•Muu W remore lo Ibe 




the lale fire i» |]„ Sh^ 




Tow«r of London. 








9 rbe tod ball., with 50 ataff 




Upper and Lower H ..<».■ 




offieora, la he quartered in 








Lower WoaUainsler, nol lo 


4 .. 


. Xolwithauoding any tdm» 
order, the Sntf b»H, o( |b 




extend beyond the Cbeabire 






Cbeeae, in Chelaea. 






1 Om. .. 






nsVlloK™ **" 








S llolbom and Finabury d>«- 




Towet.coasiiting of 1 lieut.. 








1 ooaiga, and 60 private men, 
witli ■ proper number of 




S South wark. 






5 Upper and Lower WaatM» 






la _ 


. Thedetacbmeni often™.,* 


to mareh an Monday the Snd 




ofOclubsr.and bequarlered 




drawn from the 5 regl* J 


^m 


in tbajaruliei of St. ftfat- 
lliBW,BUbaalGreeiij Chrial 




Guatda, under ordan i. 
NoEih Amenca, to gati . 




W Mar. 177B 



STATIONS.— C««t.»p«-rf. 


»-■■< 


c™p'. 




lo disfmbirk uod m-rch lo 


1 Aug. 17118 


■ he first battsticn of the 




Loiuion. and join their le- 




Coldaueam. with 4«.laJolB. 




ap«tiire baltulioaa. 




Mra. in the boroagh of 


7 July, 1783 . 


rtie delechmenc of tbe bri- 




Soulhwxrk. 




gade of (Jnntda Uiely Rrri.ed 




llie seeondb.ll.)ioi),with 4 




itSpitbesd tVom North Ame- 




iitKffoffieera. in Upper Hen- 




rica, on boinl hU Majesty's 




minster. 




ship JuBon. 10 be disem- 
harird at Portsmoulh and 


7 Aug. 1789 


9 1'he first battalion of the 










nmrch la London, and join 




cers.iutbeTowerHunlM,. 




iheir ruspBCtivo regis. 




9 The aeoond haliaion in the 


30 „ 


TbeUtbitltaUoDortheCold- 




1 be Ur^t battalion of the Cold- 




.l«>™w remote on the asd, 


18 July, 1790 




Angiut lo tbe Tower of Lon- 




■tream in the Tower of Lon- 




don. 




don. 




Ibe (od biU., with 16 sUff 








officers, to ba quartered in 




sddr officers, in Lower Wtm- 










4 Ang. 1TB4 


From the«HI. inst.. the 1«l 


«Joly,1791 


I'be lir^t batulion of the 




butl.ortlieColdMremii, Ti»., 








6 companisa, with 5 aluff 




in Molbom division, wid 4 




officer., in Holbom division, 




companies in Fiuabury divi- 




and 5 comps.. with 3 stiff 




ston. 




office™, in Kiiisbury dinsioo. 








The «nd bait., with 8 itaff 








officen, in the barougb of 




ofSoulhwark. 




Soulbwark. 




I*he grensrijer company ofih* 


(zJulT.irei 


9 The finl battalion of tbe 




bnt battalion of tbe Cold- 








stream in the Uberty of Ibe 




cera, from the 23th Auguet in 




Saroy, parcel of tbe Uulcbt 




Upper Wealroiniler. 




Of Lancaster. 


t Aug. 17B6 


9 The aecond batlalion.wilb 3 


eS July, 1798 


1 The firal batlalionof rh» Cold- 




Miff officen, in tbe ToH-er 




alreun, with 4 staff offioera. 




Hamlet*. 




in Upper Westminster. 




9 The firat battnlion of Ibe 




9 rlie Hfcond ballnlion, witb 4 




Cnldstieam, Kitb B atafi' offi- 




st»ff officers, in the Tower 




cers, from S.iih jnslanl in 




Hsmlels. 




Lpper Westminaler. 


S3 Keb. 179J 


menta of Foot Guards undn 


K>Julr.l7S7 


Ibe aeeond bnltalion in the 






Tower of London. 








9 The firal bittalion of the 




Lake, ordered on fofeigD 








lurvice, to march and em- 




House barracks. 




bark on board the *e«Mls 




9 The second battalion, ria. b 




prwvided for tbeir recaption. 




comps. with 5 staff officer?, 




8 The first battalion of tbe Cold. 




in Holbom division, and 3 




stream embarked on the 




companies witb 5 staff offi- 




•5th Febraary at GrBenwieh 




rers in Finshury division. 




for Holland. 




Tbe Rreiiidior company of Ibe 




1 llie grenadier company oftb* 








Aral battalion, witb the gre- 




ler«l' in "the LiWl, of the 




nadier companies of (he two 




Savov, parcel of bis Msjeati's 
nutcVyofUnoaatcr.' 




hatlalions of tbe otber ragi- 






meciu of Guards, formed 


GJune.lTBB 


ITie Coldstream Gunrda, lo- 








n-ther with such men of the 
Royal Artillery as may be 




embarked at tbe same time. 




6 Msr. 1793 


9 Ibe 3nd bait, of the Cold- 




sitacbed therelo, to loiu-cb, 




siream, with 7 staff officers. 




on Monday the 9ib iniiani, 




to remove from the Tower 




lo the following places, and 




Hamlets lo Upper West- 




Wednesday the 11th they 




minster. 






19 Apr. „ 


. A light infaiilry compsny tn 




ters in London ; 




be added to each bfttl. of the 




9 The firat battalion. Richmond 








(head.qanrten.) Kew Pe- 
tersham, EsstSbeen, Mori- 


.July. „ 


1 Ibe li^t infantn compsny of 
1st battalion Coldatream em- 








lake, Baroea; 




barkod for the Contiueol on 




9 The second battalion, Putney 




9th instant. 






tlAng. ., 


The 2nd halt, of the Cold- 






atream. til. 400 men. in thai 




Wimblsdon. Merton, and 




part of the Tower UaoUMs , 


^Bi 


Tooting. 

1 J 


] 


moil contiguoua l^^U^J 

L Ji 



APPENDIX. 



441 



STATION S.—C«ji*iiiii«l. 



No. of 
Comp^. 



.'JOOct. 1793 



. Nor. 



>» 



. Mar. 1794 



3 July, 



»» 



10 
10 



S3 Joly, 



It 



f5 Mar. 1795 



»> ft 



. Apr. 



t> 



23 May, 



t> 



tr June, 



»» 



Tower of London, and the 
remainder in the Tower of 
London. 

I'he detachment from the 
regts. of Foot Guards des- 
tined for the Continent, to 
march on Saturday the 2nd 
of Not. to Greenwich, and 
embark for Ostend. 

The first battalion in winter 
quarters at Menin. 

The second battalion in the 
Tower and Tower Hamlets. 

A draft for the 3 first batts. of 
the Guards, consisting of 
21 serits.,^ 766 rank and file, 
embarked 1st of March at 
Greenwich for Flanders. 

The detachments from the 
3 regts. of Foot Guards des- 
tined for the Continent to 
march on Saturday the 5th 
inst. to Greenwich, & embark. 

llie light infantry company of 
the 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream marched on Saturday 
the 5th July to Greenwich, 
and embarked for Flanders. 
9|The 2nd battalion of the Cold- 
stream in Knightsbridge bar- 
racks, and in those parts of 
Upper and Lower Westmin- 
ster most contiguous thereto. 
lOlllie 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream (on arrival), viz. 7 
comps., with 8 staff officers, 
in Ilolbom division, and 3 
cooips., with 5 staff officers, 
in Finsbnry division, toge- 
ther with such men of the 
2nd batt. as cannot be accom- 
modated in Knightsbridge 
barracks. 
lOjThe remainder of the 2nd batt. 
to continue in Knightsbridge 
barracks. 

One comp. of the Coldstream 
to be quartered in the Liberty 
of the Savoy, parcel of the 
Dutchy of Lancaster. 

The 1st battalion of the Cold- 
stream, and light company 
of the2nd battalion,embarked 
for England near Bremen 
Lehe on the 14th April, and 
disembarked at Greenwich 
on the 9th of May, and 
marched to their quarters in 
London. 
8 The light infantry battalion 
formed from the brieade of 
Guards ([including the two 
oomps.of the Coldstream) to 
march in two divisions on 
the 25th and 26th inst. to 
Windsor. 

Four of the light infantry 
compt. (includinc that of the 
Ist batt. of Coldstream) of 
tha brigade of Guards at 



1 



11 



No. of 
Comps. 



27 June, 1795 



IJoly, 



14 Oct. 



tt 



»» 



16 M 



It 



27 July, 1796 



23 Aug. 



2 Aug. 1797 



U Apr. 1798 



10 



8